Groundwater and Wells

Author: Fletcher G. Driscoll

Publisher: Reynolds Guyar Designs

ISBN: N.A

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 1089

View: 6302

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Groundwater Recharge and Wells

A Guide to Aquifer Storage Recovery

Author: R.DavidG. Pyne

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1351443860

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 400

View: 7225

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Understanding the issues that have been encountered at other sites, and the steps that have led to successful resolution of these issues, can provide great help to those considering, planning, or implementing new groundwater recharge projects. Recent technical advances and operational experience have demonstrated that well recharge is a feasible and cost effective method of artificially recharging natural aquifers. This practical guide reviews the technical constraints and issues that have been addressed and resolved through research and experience at many sites. The book presents aquifer storage recovery (ASR) technology and traces its evolution over the past 25 years in the United States. Procedures for groundwater recharge are presented, and selected case studies are examined. Drinking water quality standards and conversion factors are provided in the appendix for easy reference.

Water Wells and Boreholes

Author: Bruce Misstear,David Banks,Lewis Clark

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1118951689

Category: Science

Page: 536

View: 3872

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Water Wells and Boreholes focuses on wells that are used for drinking, industry, agriculture or other supply purposes. Other types of wells and boreholes are also covered, including boreholes for monitoring groundwater level and groundwater quality. This fully revised second edition updates and expands the content of the original book whilst maintaining its practical emphasis. The book follows a life-cycle approach to water wells, from identifying a suitable well site through to successful implementation, operation and maintenance of the well, to its eventual decommissioning. Completely revised and updated throughout, Water Wells and Boreholes, Second edition, is the ideal reference for final-year undergraduate students in geology and civil engineering; graduate students in hydrogeology, civil engineering and environmental sciences; research students who use well data in their research; professionals in hydrogeology, water engineering, environmental engineering and geotechnical engineering; and aid workers and others involved in well projects.

Handbook of Ground Water Development

Author: Roscoe Moss Company

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 9780471856115

Category: Science

Page: 493

View: 6087

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The definitive work on the subject, it offers you comprehensive and accurate coverage of the theory and techniques of ground water development. Provides not only a general overview of the topic with applications but also incorporates sufficient detail to be of use to professionals involved in any phase of ground water. Divided into three parts, the text traces the progression of the study of ground water from its origin through its development and exploitation. Part one deals mainly with the nature of ground water and where it can be found. Part two considers the parameters related to water well design and construction. In part three, there is a thorough review of well and well field operation, including monitoring for environmental protection. Although the focus is on high-capacity ground water producing installations, most of the material is also applicable to lower-yield wells.

Cause and Prevention of Clogging of Wells Abstracting Groundwater from Unconsolidated Aquifers

Author: C. G. E. M. van Beek

Publisher: IWA Publishing

ISBN: 1780400241

Category: Science

Page: 153

View: 9309

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Groundwater serves many purposes. It is a source of public and private drinking water, it is utilized as an industrial feedstock and it is used in agriculture for irrigation and cattle watering. The abstraction of groundwater also serves many civil engineering purposes such as structures, construction pit dewatering and remediation of polluted groundwater. Furthermore, groundwater is increasingly used for supply and storage of energy for the cooling and heating of buildings. Many wells abstracting groundwater suffer from impaired performance as a result of clogging by mechanical or biogeochemical processes. This represents a significant economic loss due to volume reductions, cost of well rehabilitations or construction of new wells. Cause and Prevention of Clogging of Wells Abstracting Groundwater from Unconsolidated Aquifers provides a comprehensive description of the various causes and processes associated with well clogging in addition to describing methodologies for diagnosis and prevention.

Groundwater Science

Author: Charles Richard Fitts

Publisher: Academic Press

ISBN: 0123847052

Category: Science

Page: 672

View: 6037

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Groundwater Science, 2E, covers groundwater's role in the hydrologic cycle and in water supply, contamination, and construction issues. It is a valuable resource for students and instructors in the geosciences (with focuses in hydrology, hydrogeology, and environmental science), and as a reference work for professional researchers. This interdisciplinary text weaves important methods and applications from the disciplines of physics, chemistry, mathematics, geology, biology, and environmental science, introducing you to the mathematical modeling and contaminant flow of groundwater. New to the Second Edition: * New chapter on subsurface heat flow and geothermal systems * Expanded content on well construction and design, surface water hydrology, groundwater/ surface water interaction, slug tests, pumping tests, and mounding analysis. * Updated discussions of groundwater modeling, calibration, parameter estimation, and uncertainty * Free software tools for slug test analysis, pumping test analysis, and aquifer modeling * Lists of key terms and chapter contents at the start of each chapter * Expanded end-of-chapter problems, including more conceptual questions * Two-color figures * Homework problems at the end of each chapter and worked examples throughout * Companion website with videos of field exploration and contaminant migration experiments, PDF files of USGS reports, and data files for homework problems * PowerPoint slides and solution manual for adopting faculty

Groundwater Geochemistry

Fundamentals and Applications to Contamination

Author: William J. Deutsch,Randy Siegel

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 9780873713085

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 232

View: 3728

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Groundwater Geochemistry: Fundamentals and Applications to Contamination examines the integral role geochemistry play s in groundwater monitoring and remediation programs, and presents it at a level understandable to a wide audience. Readers of all backgrounds can gain a better understanding of geochemical processes and how they apply to groundwater systems. The text begins with an explanation of fundamental geochemical processes, followed by a description of the methods and tools used to understand and simulate them. The book then explains how geochemistry applies to contaminant mobility, discusses remediation system design, sampling program development, and the modeling of geochemical interactions. This clearly written guide concludes with specific applications of geochemistry to contaminated sites. This is an ideal choice for readers who do not have an extensive technical background in aqueous chemistry, geochemistry, or geochemical modeling. The only prerequisite is a desire to better understand natural processes through groundwater geochemistry.

Watersheds, Groundwater and Drinking Water

A Practical Guide

Author: Thomas Harter,Larry Rollins

Publisher: UCANR Publications

ISBN: 1879906813

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 274

View: 1702

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This guide will help resource managers, planners, and other decision makers better understand and assess water supplies and to define and manage protection areas for water sources. Developed for those who are interested in water resources, it can easily be used as text material for educational short courses.

Hydraulics of Groundwater

Author: Jacob Bear

Publisher: Courier Corporation

ISBN: 0486136167

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 592

View: 7412

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This text explores the laws governing the flow and storage of groundwater in aquifers and provides all the necessary tools to forecast the behavior of a regional aquifer system. 1979 edition.

Understanding Groundwater

Author: William Jesse Schwalbaum

Publisher: Nova Publishers

ISBN: 9781560724049

Category: Science

Page: 190

View: 6898

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As a consulting hydrogeologist to municipalities and public water suppliers, Jesse Schwalbaum has been teaching the basic principles of groundwater science to the public for almost 20 years. This book has grown out of countless informal hydrology lectures he has given at public meetings, court rooms and in written reports.

Groundwater Technology Handbook

A field guide to extraction and usage of groundwater

Author: A.R. Mahendra

Publisher: Partridge Publishing

ISBN: 1482812630

Category: Reference

Page: 284

View: 591

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The book presents a comprehensive, yet concise analysis of groundwater occurrence, its development, technology involved in exploration, extraction, and its economical usage.The book makes use of minimum technical jargon, while explaining the basics of drilling, types of wells, their maintenance, development and testing, and selection of pumps. It discusses the causes for wells failing, methods of diagnosis and the pre-emptive and remedial measures, water transmission, composition, and purification. Unlike other natural resources, groundwater is replenished by rainfall. Nevertheless those who depend on groundwater either for industrial or agricultural sustenance should be responsive to certain factors that are significant to the long-term well-being of the water source. Important are: Whether the wells are being over-pumped, or under-pumped; the quantity and cost of water being drawn, whether there is sufficient water underground with optimum replenishment, and systems installed are compatible to the particular hydrological situation and similar such factors. The book attempts, in simplistic language, to link the gap between theory and practice; between the principles of groundwater as a natural science and its application technology. There are a number of pre-calculated tables that serve as a handy reference for Consultants, Drillers and Engineers who deal with groundwater on a day-to-day basis.

Developing Groundwater

A Guide for Rural Water Supply

Author: N.A

Publisher: ITDG Publishing

ISBN: N.A

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 358

View: 688

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To increase access to sustainable supplies of safe water for the poor, groundwater resources need to be exploited successfully, sustainably and economically on a much larger scale than they are at present. Unfortunately, techniques for finding and exploiting groundwater are not widely available. This book sets out to be a user-friendly guide to developing groundwater for rural water supplies. It is specifically designed and developed to meet the needs of rural water supply project staff in developing countries. It provides information on simple, effective techniques for siting wells and boreholes, assessing resource sustainability, constructing and testing the yield of boreholes and wells, and monitoring groundwater quality. The authors endeavour to set the technical aspects of rural water supply firmly in the relevant socio-economic context, so that guidance given is not in conflict with community aspects.

Practical and Applied Hydrogeology

Author: Zekâi Şen

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 0128005815

Category: Science

Page: 424

View: 5375

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Applications in Hydrogeology for Geoscientists presents the most recent scientific developments in the field that are accessible yet rigorous enough for industry professionals and academic researchers alike. A multi-contributed reference that features the knowledge and experience of the field’s experts, the book’s chapters span the full scope of hydrogeology, introducing new approaches and progress in conceptualization, simulation of groundwater flow and transport, and progressive hydro-geophysical methods. Each chapter includes examples of recent developments in hydrogeology, groundwater, and hydrology that are underscored with perspectives regarding the challenges that are facing industry professionals, researchers, and academia. Several sub-themes—including theoretical advances in conceptualization and modeling of hydro-geologic challenges—connect the chapters and weave the topics together holistically. Advances in research are aided by insights arising from observations from both field and laboratory work. Introduces new approaches and progress in hydrogeology, including conceptualization, simulated groundwater flow and transport, and cutting edge hydro-geophysical methods Features more than 100 figures, diagrams, and illustrations to highlight major themes and aid in the retention of key concepts Presents a holistic approach to advances in hydrogeology, from the most recent developments in reservoirs and hydraulics to analytic modeling of transient multi-layer flow and aquifer flow theory Integrates real life data, examples and processes, making the content practical and immediately implementable

Practical Design Calculations for Groundwater and Soil Remediation, Second Edition

Author: Jeff Kuo

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 1466585242

Category: Science

Page: 320

View: 7959

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Includes Illustrative Applications of Practical Design Calculations Written in a straightforward style and user-friendly format, Practical Design Calculations for Groundwater and Soil Remediation, Second Edition highlights the essential concepts and important aspects of major design calculations used in soil and groundwater remediation. Drawing from the author’s teaching and consulting experience, this text provides practical information that addresses the current needs of practicing engineers, scientists, and legal experts in the field. What’s New in This Edition: This latest edition covers important aspects of major design calculations as well as practical and relevant working information for groundwater and soil remediation. Realistic examples are used liberally to illustrate the applications of the design calculations. Many examples are designed to assist the readers in building the right concepts. The text begins with an introductory chapter; it then illustrates the engineering calculations needed during site assessment and remedial investigation. It continues with a discussion on plume migration in soil and groundwater. It then covers the mass-balance concept, reaction kinetics, and types, configurations, and sizing of reactors. The author incorporates important design calculations for commonly used in situ and ex situ soil and groundwater remediation technologies, such as soil venting, air sparging, air stripping, bioremediation, and chemical oxidation, and off-gas treatment technologies. He also presents design calculations for capture zone and optimal well spacing. Includes both SI and US customary units, as well as unit conversions Presents examples that directly follow the design equations Provides discussion that assists engineers in building proper concepts Practical Design Calculations for Groundwater and Soil Remediation, Second Edition also serves as a reference or textbook for students dedicated to the study of site remediation.

Physical and chemical hydrogeology

Author: Patrick A. Domenico,Franklin W. Schwartz

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons Inc

ISBN: N.A

Category: Science

Page: 506

View: 8878

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Completely updated, the second edition of this comprehensive volume not only covers all major areas of hydrogeology, it takes a process-oriented, integrated approach so that readers can gain a complete understanding of the relationship between physical and chemical aspects of this subject. Provides a good balance between theory and application and includes new areas such as contaminant hydrogeology. Includes extensive reference list and suggested readings.

Groundwater Hydrology

Conceptual and Computational Models

Author: K. R. Rushton

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 0470871652

Category: Science

Page: 430

View: 6987

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Groundwater is a vital source of water throughout the world. As the number of groundwater investigations increase, it is important to understand how to develop comprehensive quantified conceptual models and appreciate the basis of analytical solutions or numerical methods of modelling groundwater flow. Groundwater Hydrology: Conceptual and Computational Models describes advances in both conceptual and numerical modelling. It gives insights into the interpretation of field information, the development of conceptual models, the use of computational models based on analytical and numerical techniques, the assessment of the adequacy of models, and the use of computational models for predictive purposes. It focuses on the study of groundwater flow problems and a thorough analysis of real practical field case studies. It is divided into three parts: * Part I deals with the basic principles, including a summary of mathematical descriptions of groundwater flow, recharge estimation using soil moisture balance techniques, and extensive studies of groundwater-surface water interactions. * Part II focuses on the concepts and methods of analysis for radial flow to boreholes including topics such as large diameter wells, multi-layered aquifer systems, aquitard storage and the prediction of long-term yield. * Part III examines regional groundwater flow including situations when vertical flows are important or transmissivities change with saturated depth. Suitable for practising engineers, hydrogeologists, researchers in groundwater and irrigation, mathematical modellers, groundwater scientists, and water resource specialists. Appropriate for upper level undergraduates and MSc students in Departments of Civil Engineering, Environmental Engineering, Earth Science and Physical Geography. It would also be useful for hydrologists, civil engineers, physical geographers, agricultural engineers, consultancy firms involved in water resource projects, and overseas development workers.

Modeling Groundwater Flow and Pollution

Author: Jacob Bear,Arnold Verruijt

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9400933797

Category: Science

Page: 414

View: 1137

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Groundwater constitutes an important component of many water resource systems, supplying water for domestic use, for industry, and for agriculture. Management of a groundwater system, an aquifer, or a system of aquifers, means making such decisions as to the total quantity of water to be withdrawn annually, the location of wells for pumping and for artificial recharge and their rates, and control conditions at aquifer boundaries. Not less important are decisions related to groundwater qUality. In fact, the quantity and quality problems cannot be separated. In many parts of the world, with the increased withdrawal of ground water, often beyond permissible limits, the quality of groundwater has been continuously deteriorating, causing much concern to both suppliers and users. In recent years, in addition to general groundwater quality aspects, public attention has been focused on groundwater contamination by hazardous industrial wastes, by leachate from landfills, by oil spills, and by agricultural activities such as the use of fertilizers, pesticides, and herbicides, and by radioactive waste in repositories located in deep geological formations, to mention some of the most acute contamination sources. In all these cases, management means making decisions to achieve goals without violating specified constraints. In order to enable the planner, or the decision maker, to compare alternative modes of action and to ensure that the constraints are not violated, a tool is needed that will provide information about the response of the system (the aquifer) to various alternatives.

Groundwater Resource Development

Author: L Hamill,F G Bell

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 148316313X

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 352

View: 3567

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Groundwater Resource Development describes the basic steps involved in the development of a groundwater resource in the search for productive aquifers. This book discusses groundwater exploration, construction and testing of water wells, water quality and pollution considerations, and groundwater management. This text is comprised of 10 chapters and begins by presenting the steps in the evaluation, development, and management of an aquifer for water supply. The reader is then introduced to the fundamentals of groundwater, with emphasis on their origin and occurrence as well as the influence of porosity and permeability on groundwater accumulation, migration, and distribution. The chapters that follow focus on groundwater exploration, assessment of aquifer recharge and potential well yield, and factors affecting the quality of groundwater. The issues to be considered in well design and construction are also highlighted, along with aquifer hydraulics and pumping tests, groundwater pollution, and optimum management of groundwater resources. This text concludes with a chapter on techniques used in modeling the response of a groundwater reservoir. This book will be of value to geologists, civil engineers, environmental scientists, mathematicians, chemists, water well contractors, and others involved in the profession of water engineering.