Groundwater Data Requirement and Analysis

Author: C. P. Kumar

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9783656755531


Page: 32

View: 8351

Scientific Essay from the year 2014 in the subject Geography / Earth Science - Meteorology, Aeronomy, Climatology, language: English, abstract: Accurate and reliable groundwater resource information (including quality) is critical to planners and decision-makers. Huge investment in the areas of groundwater exploration, development and management at state and national levels aims to meet the groundwater requirement for drinking and irrigation and generates enormous amount of data. This article presents data requirement for groundwater studies, groundwater data acquisition, processing of groundwater data, and interpolation of field data by Kriging method.

Landscape Analysis and Visualisation

Spatial Models for Natural Resource Management and Planning

Author: Christopher Pettit,William Cartwright,Ian Bishop,Kim Lowell,David Pullar,David Duncan

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 3540691685

Category: Science

Page: 614

View: 1924

Michael Batty Centre for Advanced Spatial Analysis, University College London Landscapes, like cities, cut across disciplines and professions. This makes it especially difficult to provide an overall sense of how landscapes should be studied and researched. Ecology, aesthetics, economy and sociology combine with physiognomy and deep physical structure to confuse our - derstanding and the way we should react to the problems and potentials of landscapes. Nowhere are these dilemmas and paradoxes so clearly highlighted as in Australia — where landscapes dominate and their relationship to cities is so fragile, yet so important to the sustainability of an entire nation, if not planet. This book presents a unique collection and synthesis of many of these perspectives — perhaps it could only be produced in a land urb- ised in the tiniest of pockets, and yet so daunting with respect to the way non-populated landscapes dwarf its cities. Many travel to Australia to its cities and never see the landscapes — but it is these that give the country its power and imagery. It is the landscapes that so impress on us the need to consider how our intervention, through activities ranging from resource exploitation and settled agriculture to climate change, poses one of the greatest crises facing the modern world. In this sense, Australia and its landscape provide a mirror through which we can glimpse the extent to which our intervention in the world threatens its very existence.

Groundwater Regulation and Management

Author: N.A

Publisher: Allied Publishers

ISBN: 9780821344613

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 88

View: 2424

The importance of groundwater to India's economy and development prospects should not be underestimated. The resource is of importance as a source of drinking water and food security for the 950 million inhabitants of India, supplies 80 percent of water for domestic use in rural areas and perhaps 50 percent of water for urban and industrial uses. Over the last three decades, the rapid expansion in use of groundwater primarily for irrigation has contributed significantly to agricultural and overall economic development in India. Groundwater irrigation potential, the number of wells, and the number of energized pump sets have grown exponentially since the early 1950s. Groundwater now supplies more than 50 percent of the irrigated area and, due to higher yields in groundwater-irrigated areas, is central to a significantly higher proportion of total agricultural output. In addition, in drought years, groundwater represents the primary reliable source of irrigation. This rapid development in groundwater, however, has had a price. In many arid and hard-rock zones, increases in overdraft areas and associated water-quality problems are emerging. Sustainability of the resource base is thus critical for meeting an array of basic needs -from health to economic development.

Selected Water Resources Abstracts

A Semimonthly Publication of the Water Resources Scientific Information Center, Office of Water Research and Technology, U.S. Department of the Interior

Author: N.A

Publisher: N.A


Category: Water

Page: N.A

View: 8439


Principles of Groundwater Engineering

Author: William C. Walton

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 9780873712835

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 568

View: 1459

The purpose of this book is to bring together under one cover the principles of groundwater engineering. The concise format has produced a handy, comprehensive manual for professionals working in the groundwater industry. The author places emphasis on the application of theory and practical aspects of groundwater engineering. Well-cited references throughout the text guide you through the technology, scientific principles, and theoretical background of groundwater engineering. Exhaustive appendices contain quantitative data necessary for in-groundwater flow and contaminant migration equations. Principles of Groundwater Engineering is the state-of-the-art book that bridges the gap between groundwater theory and groundwater problem solving.

Groundwater Contamination and Analysis at Hazardous Waste Sites

Author: Suzanne Lesage

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 9780824787202

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 552

View: 3181

This comprehensive reference describes investigations of the fate of toxic chemicals emanating from hazardous waste sites and contaminating groundwater, discussing the hydrogeochemistry at US, Canadian, Australian, and German sites to reflect the different approaches used around the world.;Written by over 30 international experts in the field, Groundwater Contamination and Analysis at Hazardous Waste Sites: presents case histories spanning 30 years of activities by the United States Geological Survey's Organics in Water project, including studies of pesticide, munition, and wood preservative residues contaminating groundwater; outlines the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency's SW-846 methods of analysis for groundwater samples taken at hazardous waste sites; details the analytical requirements for qualitative surveys, regulatory compliance, and research programs; examines the use of statistics at site investigations and waste disposal facilities as well as data interpretation techniques such as multivariate plots; covers the application of a portable gas chromatograph in studying a vapor-phase plume of trichloroethylene, giving tips about problems that may lead to variability in the data; and explores dense nonaqueous-phase liquid dissolution using Raoult's law, biotransformation of the dissolved constituents, and their sorption to aquifer materials.;Extensively illustrated with more than 250 figures, tables, and display equations, Groundwater Contamination and Analysis at Hazardous Waste Sites is a practical tool for pollution control and environmental engineers, hydrogeologists, analytical chemists, and upper-level undergraduate and graduate students in these disciplines.

Process for System Architecture and Requirements Engineering

Author: Derek Hatley,Peter Hruschka,Imtiaz Pirbhai

Publisher: Addison-Wesley

ISBN: 0133488543

Category: Computers

Page: 456

View: 399

This is the digital version of the printed book (Copyright © 2000). Derek Hatley and Imtiaz Pirbhai—authors of Strategies for Real-Time System Specification—join with influential consultant Peter Hruschka to present a much anticipated update to their widely implemented Hatley/Pirbhai methods. Process for System Architecture and Requirements Engineering introduces a new approach that is particularly useful for multidisciplinary system development: It applies equally well to all technologies and thereby provides a common language for developers in widely differing disciplines. The Hatley-Pirbhai-Hruschka approach (H/H/P) has another important feature: the coexistence of the requirements and architecture methods and of the corresponding models they produce. These two models are kept separate, but the approach fully records their ongoing and changing interrelationships. This feature is missing from virtually all other system and software development methods and from CASE tools that only automate the requirements model. System managers, system architects, system engineers, and managers and engineers in all of the diverse engineering technologies will benefit from this comprehensive, pragmatic text. In addition to its models of requirements and architecture and of the development process itself, the book uses in-depth case studies of a hospital monitoring system and of a multidisciplinary groundwater analysis system to illustrate the principles. Compatibility Between the H/H/P Methods and the UML: The Hatley/Pirbhai architecture and requirements methods—described in Strategies for Real-Time System Specification—have been widely used for almost two decades in system and software development. Now known as the Hatley/Hruschka/Pirbhai (H/H/P) methods, they have always been compatible with object-oriented software techniques, such as the UML, by defining architectural elements as classes, objects, messages, inheritance relationships, and so on. In Process for System Architecture and Requirements Engineering, that compatibility is made more specific through the addition of message diagrams, inheritance diagrams, and new notations that go with them. In addition, state charts, while never excluded, are now specifically included as a representation of sequential machines. These additions make definition of the system/software boundary even more straightforward, while retaining the clear separation of requirements and design at the system levels that is a hallmark of the H/H/P methods—not shared by most OO techniques. Once the transition to software is made, the developer is free to continue using the H/H/P methods, or to use the UML or any other software-specific technique.

Groundwater Discharge Tests: Simulation and Analysis

Author: D. Clarke

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 9780080870281

Category: Science

Page: 374

View: 3257

This book describes microcomputer programs which can be used to simulate or analyse water production well and aquifer discharge test data. Computer graphics are used to help visualise the data, and output to plotters is also catered for. Simple confined aquifers, leaky confined aquifers, unconfined aquifers and a variety of boundary conditions are dealt with. The book and the microcomputer programs it describes will allow the reader to apply very flexible computer techniques to the analysis of his well and aquifer discharge test data. The speed of the microcomputer analyses will give the user the opportunity of looking at his data in more ways than he would otherwise be able to, thus giving insights into the data that would not otherwise be possible. The simulation programs permit the production of type curve data, which can then be used in comparison with the real data, or used in becoming familiar with the operation of the analysis programs. Although primarily intended for practicing hydrogeologists and universities teaching hydrogeology, this book would also be of interest to anyone having an interest in the effects of groundwater extraction. The programs will run on IBM PCs and compatibles with colour graphics.

Data Requirements for Integrated Urban Water Management

Urban Water Series - UNESCO-IHP

Author: Tim Fletcher,Ana Deletic

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 0203932471

Category: Science

Page: 392

View: 2545

Integrated urban water management relies on data allowing us to analyse, understand and predict the behaviour of the individual water cycle components and their interactions. The concomitant monitoring of the complex of urban water system elements makes it possible to grasp the entirety of relations among the various components of the urban water cycle and so develop a holistic approach to solving urban water problems. Data Requirements for Integrated Urban Water Managements - issuing from UNESCO's International Hydrological Programme project on this topic - is geared towards improving integrated urban water management by providing guidance on the collection, validation, storage, assessment and utilization of the relevant data. The first part of this volume describes general principles for developing a monitoring programme in support of sustainable urban water management. The second part examines in detail the monitoring of individual water cycle components. Two case studies in the final part illustrating attempts to deliver an integrated monitoring system help demonstrate the fundamental principles of sustainable urban water management elaborated here.

Underground Space Use. Analysis of the Past and Lessons for the Future, Two Volume Set

Proceedings of the International World Tunnel Congress and the 31st ITA General Assembly, Istanbul, Turkey, 7-12 May 2005

Author: Yücel Erdem,Tülin Solak

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 0415889316

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 1384

View: 5934

The 200 papers in this two-volume set are a selection of work by tunnel experts from Europe, Asia, and the USA, and also showcase the work of the host nation, Turkey. As the title implies, the scope of the book is enormous, covering every aspect of tunnelling from contract management to safety. The book is of special interest to researchers, scientists, engineers, project managers and manufacturers in the areas of tunnelling, underground structures, geotechnics, and geology as well as those involved in analysis and remedy of the safety aspects of tunnels. Includes a CD-ROM of the proceedings.

Assessing and Managing Groundwater in Different Environments

Author: Jude Cobbing,Shafick Adams,Ingrid Dennis,Kornelius Riemann

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 1315886227

Category: Science

Page: 304

View: 2010

This collection of papers is a snapshot of modern hydrogeology in which highly technical methods and approaches sit side-by-side with overlapping legal, social, organisational, institutional and governance considerations. Groundwater is integral to many human and environmental systems. Indeed, there appears to be a growing realisation that some of the most pressing physical problems in the field of hydrogeology - over-abstraction, salinization or pollution - can only really be solved by taking a multi-disciplinary approach to the issues that takes all other related professions into account. Whilst a ‘technical’ solution may be readily deciphered, the larger challenge usually lies in the sustainably-funded and widely-accepted implementation of that measure. This book ranges from discussion and debate on the hot topic of hydraulic fracturing of wells or ‘fraccing’ for shale gas and its potential to disrupt groundwater systems, to the application of highly technical modelling procedures to help solve complex, real world problems. It is a window on the preoccupations of modern hydrogeologists and an insight into the way in which hydrogeological techniques and methods are being holistically adapted to address problems in the real world. This book is targeted at professional hydrogeologists, sociologists, experts in governance, law and policy as well as ecologists and other professionals that nowadays all sit alongside groundwater understanding. The book will also appeal to politicians, resource managers, regulators and others interested in sustainable water supply.

Groundwater Contamination: Use of Models in Decision-Making

Proceedings of the International Conference on Groundwater Contamination: Use of Models in Decision-Making, Amsterdam, The Netherlands, 26–29 October 1987, Organized by the International Ground Water Modeling Center (IGWMC), Indianapolis — Delft

Author: G. Jousma,Jacob Bear,Y.Y. Haimes,F. Walter

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9400923015

Category: Science

Page: 656

View: 422

The protection of groundwater resources has emerged in recent years as a high priority topic on the agenda of many countries. In responding to the growing concern over deteriorating groundwater quality, many countries are developing a comprehensive regulatory framework for the management of subsurface water resources with management referring to both quantity and quality aspects. Within this framework, groundwater models are rapidly coming to playa central role in the development of protection and rehabilitation strategies. These models provide forecasts of the future state of the groundwater aquifer systems and/or the unsaturated zone in response to proposed management initiatives. For example, models will predict the effects of implementing a proposed management scheme on water levels and on the transport and fate of pollutants. The models are now used in the formulation of policies and regulations, the issuing of permits, design of monitoring and data collection systems, and the development of enforcement actions. The growth in the use of these sophisticated tools has led to many unforeseen problems in groundwater management. Lingering issues include reliability of codes, quality assurance in model development and applications, efficient utiliza tion of human and material resources, technology transfer and training. Some issues have legal ramifications, as in cases where the applications of models have been contested in courts.

Groundwater Management in El Paso, Texas

Author: William Hutchuson

Publisher: Universal-Publishers

ISBN: 1581123280

Category: Nature

Page: 348

View: 6512

Groundwater represents an important supply source for municipal and irrigation uses in Far West Texas. The City of El Paso receives about 50 percent of its municipal water supply from surface water and 50 percent from local groundwater. Groundwater pumping in El Paso is from the Hueco Bolson and the Mesilla Bolson. Historic groundwater pumping in the Texas portion of the Mesilla Bolson has not resulted in significant changes in groundwater levels or groundwater quality in existing wells. Historic pumping in the Hueco Bolson has resulted in lowered groundwater levels and brackish groundwater intrusion. The groundwater level declines have resulted in the intrusion of brackish groundwater into areas that historically pumped fresh groundwater. A 1979 assessment concluded that El Paso would deplete fresh groundwater in the Hueco Bolson by 2030 if groundwater pumping continued to increase. Partly as a result of the 1979 assessment, El Paso reduced its groundwater pumping from the Hueco Bolson by increasing surface water diversions from the Rio Grande, increasing conservation efforts, and increasing reclaimed water use. As a result, groundwater levels in many parts of the Hueco Bolson have stabilized. Brackish groundwater intrusion remains an issue, and is being addressed with a brackish groundwater desalination plant, currently under construction. The new wells and existing wells that will supply this desalination plant will also assist in the management of brackish groundwater intrusion by intercepting the brackish groundwater before it can flow towards existing fresh groundwater wells. The 2006 Far West Texas Regional Water Plan contemplates a groundwater transfer project to meet increasing demands in El Paso County beginning about 2030, mostly from the Dell City area in Hudspeth County, Texas. Groundwater management in the Dell City area is governed by a groundwater conservation district that has established limits on groundwater pumping based on existing and historic uses. Groundwater pumping for irrigation began in the Dell City area in 1948, and groundwater levels have been essentially stable for since the 1980s. Future planning for a groundwater transfer project will require a detailed understanding of the hydrogeology of the groundwater in the Dell City area.

Ground Water Pollution

Proceedings of the International Conference on Water and Environment (WE-2003), December 15-18, 2003, Bhopal, India

Author: Vijay P. Singh,Ram Narayan Yadava

Publisher: Allied Publishers

ISBN: 9788177645491

Category: Groundwater

Page: 514

View: 9833


Groundwater Contamination in the United States

Author: Ruth Patrick,Emily Ford,John Quarles

Publisher: University of Pennsylvania Press

ISBN: 9780812212563

Category: Nature

Page: 513

View: 8421

Surveys current contamination levels, identifies possible health hazards, and suggests ways to protect and monitor groundwater quality.