Groundwater Hydraulics and Pollutant Transport

Author: Randall J. Charbeneau

Publisher: Waveland Press

ISBN: 1478608315

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 593

View: 6435

This rigorous and comprehensive text provides fundamental information geared to students in either engineering or natural sciences courses dealing with groundwater. The first four chapters consider subsurface fluid flow, while the remaining twelve chapters cover subsurface contamination and pollutant transport. Charbeneau views the application of groundwater hydraulics and pollutant transport as a quantitative field. Although quantitative methods are exact, the fields of study are usually homogeneous; laboratory and field methods provide estimates for ideal (not real) fields. What impact does the use of ideal fields have on model predictions? The unknown answer places the study of subsurface flow of water and chemical mass transport in a prime position for continued researchand this readily accessible text opens the door to that research. Outstanding features include: Comprehensive, rigorous, and highly accessible coverageIncludes information on groundwater flow, well hydraulics, field methods for parameter estimation, hydrologic relationships between surface water and groundwater hydrology, mass transport of contaminants by advection, diffusion and dispersion, and special problems posed by nonaqueous phase liquids (oils). Strong focus on applicationsEmpowers readers with knowledge and methodologies that they can use in real, day-to-day practices. Includes 66 worked examples and 178 problems integrated throughout. Examination of standard software being used in the industry todayExposes readers to the USGS MODFLOW model (the most widely used numerical simulation model for groundwater flow) and the USGS MOC3D. These models, together with a user interface (MFI), can be downloaded from the Internet.

Modeling Groundwater Flow and Pollution

Author: Jacob Bear,Arnold Verruijt

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9400933797

Category: Science

Page: 414

View: 7508

Groundwater constitutes an important component of many water resource systems, supplying water for domestic use, for industry, and for agriculture. Management of a groundwater system, an aquifer, or a system of aquifers, means making such decisions as to the total quantity of water to be withdrawn annually, the location of wells for pumping and for artificial recharge and their rates, and control conditions at aquifer boundaries. Not less important are decisions related to groundwater qUality. In fact, the quantity and quality problems cannot be separated. In many parts of the world, with the increased withdrawal of ground water, often beyond permissible limits, the quality of groundwater has been continuously deteriorating, causing much concern to both suppliers and users. In recent years, in addition to general groundwater quality aspects, public attention has been focused on groundwater contamination by hazardous industrial wastes, by leachate from landfills, by oil spills, and by agricultural activities such as the use of fertilizers, pesticides, and herbicides, and by radioactive waste in repositories located in deep geological formations, to mention some of the most acute contamination sources. In all these cases, management means making decisions to achieve goals without violating specified constraints. In order to enable the planner, or the decision maker, to compare alternative modes of action and to ensure that the constraints are not violated, a tool is needed that will provide information about the response of the system (the aquifer) to various alternatives.

Contaminant Hydrogeology

Third Edition

Author: C. W. Fetter,Thomas Boving,David Kreamer

Publisher: Waveland Press

ISBN: 1478636505

Category: Science

Page: 647

View: 1951

Tremendous progress has been made in the field of remediation technologies since the second edition of Contaminant Hydrogeology was published two decades ago, and its content is more important than ever. Recognizing the extensive advancement and research taking place around the world, the authors have embraced and worked from a larger global perspective. Boving and Kreamer incorporate environmental innovation in studying and treating groundwater/soil contamination and the transport of those contaminants while building on Fetter’s original foundational work. Thoroughly updated, expanded, and reorganized, the new edition presents a wealth of new material, including new discussions of emerging and potential contaminant sources and their characteristics like deep well injection, fracking fluids, and in situ leach mining. New sections cover BET and Polanyi adsorption potential theory, vapor transport theory, the introduction of the Capillary and Bond Numbers, the partitioning interwell tracer testing technique for investigating NAPL sites, aerial photographic interpretation, geophysics, immunological surveys, high resolution vertical sampling, flexible liner systems, groundwater tracers, and much more. Contaminant Hydrogeology is intended as a textbook in upper level courses in mass transport and contaminant hydrogeology, and remains a valuable resource for professionals in both the public and private sectors.

Ground Water Contamination

Transport and Remediation

Author: Philip B. Bedient,H. S. Rifai,Charles J. Newell

Publisher: Prentice Hall


Category: Science

Page: 604

View: 4594

Intended for hydrogeologists, engineers, and college students in those or related fields, this updated edition discusses the theory and practice of ground water contamination modeling and remediation. New coverage includes a full chapter on sorption, biodegradation, and natural attenuation processes

Hydrology and Hydraulic Systems

Fourth Edition

Author: Ram S. Gupta

Publisher: Waveland Press

ISBN: 1478634219

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 888

View: 5983

For more than 25 years, the multiple editions of Hydrology & Hydraulic Systems have set the standard for a comprehensive, authoritative treatment of the quantitative elements of water resources development. The latest edition extends this tradition of excellence in a thoroughly revised volume that reflects the current state of practice in the field of hydrology. Widely praised for its direct and concise presentation, practical orientation, and wealth of example problems, Hydrology & Hydraulic Systems presents fundamental theories and concepts balanced with excellent coverage of engineering applications and design. The Fourth Edition features a major revision of the chapter on distribution systems, as well as a new chapter on the application of remote sensing and computer modeling to hydrology. Outstanding features of the Fourth Edition include . . . • More than 350 illustrations and 200 tables • More than 225 fully solved examples, both in FPS and SI units • Fully worked-out examples of design projects with realistic data • More than 500 end-of-chapter problems for assignment • Discussion of statistical procedures for groundwater monitoring in accordance with the EPA’s Unified Guidance • Detailed treatment of hydrologic field investigations and analytical procedures for data assessment, including the USGS acoustic Doppler current profiler (ADCP) approach • Thorough coverage of theory and design of loose-boundary channels, including the latest concept of combining the regime theory and the power function laws

Modeling Groundwater Flow and Contaminant Transport

Author: Jacob Bear,Alexander H.-D. Cheng

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 1402066821

Category: Science

Page: 834

View: 8350

In many parts of the world, groundwater resources are under increasing threat from growing demands, wasteful use, and contamination. To face the challenge, good planning and management practices are needed. A key to the management of groundwater is the ability to model the movement of fluids and contaminants in the subsurface. The purpose of this book is to construct conceptual and mathematical models that can provide the information required for making decisions associated with the management of groundwater resources, and the remediation of contaminated aquifers. The basic approach of this book is to accurately describe the underlying physics of groundwater flow and solute transport in heterogeneous porous media, starting at the microscopic level, and to rigorously derive their mathematical representation at the macroscopic levels. The well-posed, macroscopic mathematical models are formulated for saturated, single phase flow, as well as for unsaturated and multiphase flow, and for the transport of single and multiple chemical species. Numerical models are presented and computer codes are reviewed, as tools for solving the models. The problem of seawater intrusion into coastal aquifers is examined and modeled. The issues of uncertainty in model input data and output are addressed. The book concludes with a chapter on the management of groundwater resources. Although one of the main objectives of this book is to construct mathematical models, the amount of mathematics required is kept minimal.

A Practical Guide to Groundwater and Solute Transport Modeling

Author: Karlheinz Spitz,Joanna Moreno

Publisher: Wiley-Interscience


Category: Science

Page: 461

View: 8972

Focusing on modeling applications, this outstanding reference provides a step-by-step, non-mathematical approach to constructing and using realistic workable groundwater models on a daily basis. Extensive detailed drawings, case studies, practical examples, and sample models illustrate important concepts. Includes data on hydrogeologic features and pollutants plus a glossary of terms.

Groundwater Flow and Quality Modelling

Author: E. Custodio,A. Gurgui,J.P. Lobo Ferreira

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9400928890

Category: Science

Page: 843

View: 8474

Proceedings of the NATO Advanced Research Workshop on Advances in Analytical and Numerical Groundwater Flow and Quality Modelling, Lisbon, Portugal, June 2-6, 1987

The Handbook of Groundwater Engineering, Third Edition

Author: John H. Cushman,Daniel M. Tartakovsky

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 1498703054

Category: Science

Page: 1074

View: 6226

This new edition adds several new chapters and is thoroughly updated to include data on new topics such as hydraulic fracturing, CO2 sequestration, sustainable groundwater management, and more. Providing a complete treatment of the theory and practice of groundwater engineering, this new handbook also presents a current and detailed review of how to model the flow of water and the transport of contaminants both in the unsaturated and saturated zones, covers the protection of groundwater, and the remediation of contaminated groundwater.

Groundwater Hydrology

Engineering, Planning, and Management

Author: M. Karamouz,A. Ahmadi,M. Akhbari

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 1439891214

Category: Science

Page: 676

View: 9130

Increasing demand for water, higher standards of living, depletion of resources of acceptable quality, and excessive water pollution due to urban, agricultural, and industrial expansions have caused intense environmental, social, economic, and political predicaments. More frequent and severe floods and droughts have changed the ability and resiliency of water infrastructure systems to operate and provide services to the public. These concerns and issues have also changed the way we plan and manage our surface and groundwater resources. Groundwater Hydrology: Engineering, Planning, and Management presents a compilation of the state-of-the-art subjects and techniques in the education and practice of groundwater and describes them in a systematic and integrated fashion useful for undergraduate and graduate students and practitioners. The book develops a system view of groundwater fundamentals and model-making techniques through the application of science, engineering, planning, and management principles. It discusses the classical issues in groundwater hydrology and hydraulics followed by coverage of water quality issues. The authors delineate the process of analyzing data, identification, and parameter estimation; tools and model-building techniques and the conjunctive use of surface and groundwater techniques; aquifer restoration, remediation, and monitoring techniques; and analysis of risk. They touch on groundwater risk and disaster management and then explore the impact of climate change on groundwater and discuss the tools needed for analyzing future data realization and downscaling large-scale low-resolution data to local watershed and aquifer scales for impact studies. The combined coverage of engineering and planning tools and techniques as well as specific challenges for restoration and remediation of polluted aquifers sets this book apart. It also introduces basic tools and techniques for making decisions about and planning for future groundwater development activities, taking into account regional sustainability issues. An examination of the interface between groundwater challenges, the book demonstrates how to apply systems analysis techniques to groundwater engineering, planning, and management.

Subsurface Solute Transport Models and Case Histories

With Applications to Radionuclide Migration

Author: Vyacheslav G. Rumynin

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9400713061

Category: Science

Page: 815

View: 7689

The book addresses the development of the basic knowledge of the subsurface solute transfer with a particular emphasis on field data collection and analysis coupled with modeling (analytical and numerical) tool application. The relevant theoretical developments are concerned mainly with the formulation and solution of deterministic mass-transport equations for a wide range of engineering issues in groundwater quality assessment and forecasting. The book gives many computational examples and case studies drawn from the conducted field investigations. The analyzed problems are as follows: investigation and prediction of groundwater contamination by industrial contaminants and solutions (radionuclides, chloride and nitrate brine) with special focus on the effect of (a) aquifer heterogeneity, anisotropy, and dual porosity, (b) density contrast existing between industrial waste and groundwater, or in density-stratified artesian and coastal groundwater systems; (c) physicochemical interactions that play a major role in retarding (e.g. adsorption) or enhancing (e.g. interactions between dissolved species and mobile colloids) contaminant transport; prediction of the effects of pumping on groundwater quality at wellfields; groundwater dating using stable and radioactive isotopes for prediction and assessment of contamination potential; field and laboratory tests’ design and analysis, and monitoring data interpretation; partitioning of surface and subsurface flows using isotope techniques. One of the most essential topics addressed in the book is the migration and fate of radionuclides. Model development is motivated by field data analysis from a number of radioactively contaminated sites in the Russian Federation: near-surface radioactive waste disposal sites and deep-well radioactive waste injection sites. They play a unique role in the advancement of knowledge of the subsurface behavior and fate of many hazardous radionuclides and can be considered as field-scale laboratories. Thus, the book, along with theoretical findings, contains field information, which will facilitate the understanding of subsurface solute transport and the development of a methodology for practical applications to groundwater hydrology.

Environmental Modeling and Health Risk Analysis (Acts/Risk)

Author: Mustafa Aral ARAL

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9789048186082

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 470

View: 4779

Environmental Modeling and Health Risk Analysis (ACTS/RISK) The purpose of this book is to provide the reader with an integrated perspective on several ?elds. First, it discusses the ?elds of environmental modeling in general and multimedia (the term “multimedia” is used throughout the text to indicate that environmental transformation and transport processes are discussed in association with three environmental media: air, groundwater and surface water pathways) environmental transformation and transport processes in particular; it also provides a detailed description of numerous mechanistic models that are used in these ?elds. Second, this book presents a review of the topics of exposure and health risk analysis. The Analytical Contaminant Transport Analysis System (ACTS) and Health RISK Analysis (RISK) software tools are an integral part of the book and provide computational platforms for all the models discussed herein. The most recent versions of these two software tools can be downloaded from the publisher’s web site. The author recommends registering the software on the web download page so that users can receive updates about newer versions of the software.

Fundamentals of Geoenvironmental Engineering

Understanding Soil, Water, and Pollutant Interaction and Transport

Author: Abdel-Mohsen Onsy Mohamed,Evan K. Paleologos

Publisher: Butterworth-Heinemann

ISBN: 0128051450

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 708

View: 5688

Fundamentals of Geoenvironmental Engineering: Understanding Soil, Water, and Pollutant Interaction and Transport examines soil-water-pollutant interaction, including physico-chemical processes that occur when soil is exposed to various contaminants. Soil characteristics relevant to remedial techniques are explored, providing foundations for the correct process selection. Built upon the authors' extensive experience in research and practice, the book updates and expands the content to include current processes and pollutants. The book discusses propagation of soil pollution and soil characteristics relevant to remedial techniques. Practicing geotechnical and environmental engineers can apply the theory and case studies in the book directly to current projects. The book first discusses the stages of economic development and their connections to the sustainability of the environment. Subsequent chapters cover waste and its management, soil systems, soil-water and soil-pollutant interactions, subsurface transport of pollutants, role of groundwater, nano-, micro- and biologic pollutants, soil characteristics that impact pollution diffusion, and potential remediation processes like mechanical, electric, magnetic, hydraulic and dielectric permittivity of soils. Presents a clear understanding of the propagation of pollutants in soils Identifies the physico-chemical processes in soils Covers emerging pollutants (nano-, micro- and biologic contaminants) Features in-depth coverage of hydraulic, electrical, magnetic and dielectric permittivity characteristics of soils and their impact on remedial technologies

Computational Modelling in Hydraulic and Coastal Engineering

Author: Christopher Koutitas,Panagiotis D. Scarlatos

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 1498708927

Category: Science

Page: 301

View: 2285

Combines More Than 40 Years of Expert Experience Computational modelling and simulation methods have a wide range of applications in hydraulic and coastal engineering. Computational Modelling in Hydraulic and Coastal Engineering provides an introductory but comprehensive coverage of these methods. It emphasizes the use of the finite differences method with applications in reservoir management, closed-conduit hydraulics, free-surface channel and coastal domain flows, surface gravity waves, groundwater movement, and pollutant and sediment transport processes. It focuses on applications rather than lengthy theories or derivations of complex formulas and is supported by a wealth of hands-on numerical examples and computer codes written in MATLAB but available also in BASIC. PowerPoint presentations and learning assignment projects/quizzes, along with learning assessment rubrics, are included. A comprehensive study highlighting the infinite differences method, this book: Covers the fundamentals of flow in pressurized conduits Contains solutions for the classical Hardy Cross pipe network problem Designates the mathematical description of groundwater flow in confined and unconfined aquifers Provides numerical examples for one- and two-dimensional applications including saltwater intrusion Presents examples of transport of pollutants, sediment and air bubbles using Eulerian and Lagrangian solution methodologies Includes information on weighted residuals, the finite elements method, and the boundary integral method Computational Modelling in Hydraulic and Coastal Engineering suits senior-level undergraduates and graduate students as well as practitioners such as coastal and maritime engineers, environmental engineers, civil engineers, computer modellers, and hydro-geologists.

Rainfall-Runoff Modelling

The Primer

Author: K. J. Beven

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 047071459X

Category: Science

Page: 457

View: 3272

Rainfall-Runoff Modelling: The Primer Second Edition focuses on predicting hydrographs using models based on data and on representations of hydrological process. Dealing with the history of the development of rainfall-runoff models, uncertainty in mode predictions, good and bad practice and ending with a look at how to predict future catchment hydrological responses this book provides an essential underpinning of rainfall-runoff modelling topics."--pub. desc.

Selected Topics of Computational and Experimental Fluid Mechanics

Author: Jaime Klapp,Gerardo Ruíz Chavarría,Abraham Medina Ovando,Abel López Villa,Leonardo Di G. Sigalotti

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 3319114875

Category: Science

Page: 548

View: 3007

This book contains invited lectures and selected contributions presented at the Enzo Levi and XIX Annual Meeting of the Fluid Dynamic Division of the Mexican Physical Society in 2013. It is aimed at fourth year undergraduate and graduate students, and scientists in the fields of physics, engineering and chemistry who are interested in fluid dynamics from an experimental and theoretical point of view. The invited lectures are introductory and avoid the use of complicated mathematics. The fluid dynamics applications include multiphase flow, convection, diffusion, heat transfer, rheology, granular material, viscous flow, porous media flow, geophysics and astrophysics. The material contained in the book includes recent advances in experimental and theoretical fluid dynamics and is suitable for both teaching and research.

Groundwater Pollution, Aquifer Recharge and Vulnerability

Author: N. S. Robins

Publisher: Geological Society of London

ISBN: 9781897799987

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 224

View: 3243

The primary groundwater management issue in many countries today is pollution. The key to understanding the transport of a pollutant from the ground surface or near surface into an aquifer is an understanding of recharge. This allows the vulnerability of aquifers to pollution to be classified and appropriate land zones to be defined. This text provides an up-to-date description of the relationship between pollution, recharge and vulnerability set against the current groundwater protection policies of the UK and Ireland. There are keynote overviews for each topic.

Diffusion in Natural Porous Media

Contaminant Transport, Sorption/Desorption and Dissolution Kinetics

Author: Peter Grathwohl

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 146155683X

Category: Science

Page: 207

View: 2452

Diffusion in Natural Porous Media: Contaminant Transport, Sorption/Desorption and Dissolution Kinetics introduces the general principles of diffusion in the subsurface environment and discusses the implications for the fate and transport of contaminants in soils and groundwater. Emphasis is placed on sorption/desorption and the dissolution kinetics of organic contaminants, both of which are limited by the slow speed of molecular diffusion. Diffusion in Natural Porous Media: Contaminant Transport, Sorption/Desorption and Dissolution Kinetics compiles methods for calculating the diffusion coefficients of organic compounds (in aqueous solution or vapor phase) in natural porous media. The author uses analytical solutions of Fick's 2nd law and some simple numerical models to model diffusive transport under various initial and boundary conditions. A number of these models may be solved using spreadsheets. The book examines sorption/desorption rates of organic compounds in various soils and aquifer materials, and also examines the dissolution kinetics of nonaqueous phase liquids in aquifers, in both the trapped residual phase and in pools. Diffusion in Natural Porous Media: Contaminant Transport, Sorption/Desorption and Dissolution Kinetics concludes with a discussion of the impact of slow diffusion processes on soil and groundwater decontamination and the implications of these processes for groundwater risk assessment.

Chemical Biophysics

Quantitative Analysis of Cellular Systems

Author: Daniel A. Beard,Hong Qian

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1139470078

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: N.A

View: 1727

Chemical Biophysics provides an engineering-based approach to biochemical system analysis for graduate-level courses on systems biology, computational bioengineering and molecular biophysics. It is the first textbook to apply rigorous physical chemistry principles to mathematical and computational modeling of biochemical systems for an interdisciplinary audience. The book is structured to show the student the basic biophysical concepts before applying this theory to computational modeling and analysis, building up to advanced topics and research. Topics explored include the kinetics of nonequilibrium open biological systems, enzyme mediated reactions, metabolic networks, biological transport processes, large-scale biochemical networks and stochastic processes in biochemical systems. End-of-chapter exercises range from confidence-building calculations to computational simulation projects.