Groundwater Hydrology of Springs

Engineering, Theory, Management and Sustainability

Author: Neven Kresic,Zoran Stevanovic

Publisher: Butterworth-Heinemann

ISBN: 9780080949451

Category: Science

Page: 592

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Groundwater Hydrology of Water Resource Series - Water is an essential environmental resource and one that needs to be properly managed. As the world places more emphasis on sustainable water supplies, the demand for expertise in hydrology and water resources continues to increase. This series is intended for professional engineers, who seek a firm foundation in hydrology and an ability to apply this knowledge to solve problems in water resource management. Future books in the series are: Groudwater Hydrology of Springs (2009), Groudwater Hydrology of River Basins (2009), Groudwater Hydrology of Aquifers (2010), and Groudwater Hydrology of Wetlands (2010). First utilized as a primary source of drinking water in the ancient world, springs continue to supply many of the world's cities with water. In recent years their long-term sustainability is under pressure due to an increased demand from groundwater users. Edited by two world-renowned hydrologists, Groundwater Hydrology of Springs: Theory, Management, and Sustainability will provide civil and environmental engineers with a comprehensive reference for managing and sustaining the water quality of Springs. With contributions from experts from around the world, this book cover many of the world's largest springs, providing a unique global perspective on how engineers around the world are utilizing engineering principles for coping with problems such as: mismanagement, overexploitation and their impacts both water quantity and quality. The book will be divided into two parts: part one will explain the theory and principles of hydrology as they apply to Springs while part two will provide a rare look into the engineering practices used to manage some of the most important Springs from around the world. Description of the spring and the aquifer feeding it Latest groundwater and contaminant transport models Description of sources of aquifer use Understanding of contamination and/or possible contamination A plan for management and sustainability

Methods to investigate the hydrology of the Himalayan springs

a review

Author: Chinnasamy, Pennan,Prathapar, Sanmugam A.

Publisher: International Water Management Institute (IWMI).

ISBN: 929090836X

Category: Science

Page: 28

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Springs are the major source of freshwater in many small mountainous watersheds within the Himalayan region. In recent years, their flow rates have diminished, but the reasons for this are not self-evident, and hence this paper reviews the methods to investigate Himalayan springs. The review reveals that chemical and isotope analyses – mostly water dating and stable isotope (e.g., d18O) analyses – could be an appropriate entry point to commence field investigations, because of their potential to map complex spring pathways, including linkages between aquifers. This should be combined with the building of hydrogeological maps with the available data. Output from desktop analyses, field investigations and hydrogeological maps could then contribute to the establishment of a conceptual model, which could form the basis for a numerical model.

Karst Hydrology

Concepts from the Mammoth Cave Area

Author: W.B. White,E.L. White

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 1461573173

Category: Science

Page: 346

View: 2913

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This volume has its roots in the distant past of more than 20 years ago, the International Hydrologic Decade (IHD), 1964-1974. One of the stated goals of the IHD was to promote research into groundwater situations for which the state of knowledge was hopelessly inadequate. One of these problem areas was the hydrology of carbonate terrains. Position papers published early in the IHD emphasized the special problems of karst; carbonate terrains were supposed to receive a substantial amount of attention during the IHD. There were indeed many new contributions from European colleagues but, unfortunately, in the United States the good intentions were not backed up by much in the way of federal funding. Some good and interesting work was published, particularly by the U. S. Geological Survey (USGS), but in the academic community the subject languished. About this same time the Cave Research Foundation (CRF), organized in 1957 to promote the systematic exploration, survey, and scientific study of the great cave systems of Mammoth Cave National Park, was casting about for a broader scope for its research activities. Up until that time, CRF research had been largely restricted to detailed mineralogical and geological investigations within the caves, with the main part of the effort concentrated on exploration and survey. The decision to investigate the hydrology required a certain enlargement of vision because investigators then had to consider the entire karst drainage basin rather than isolated fragments of cave passage.

Springs and Bottled Waters of the World

Ancient History, Source, Occurrence, Quality and Use

Author: Philip E. LaMoreaux,Judy T. Tanner

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 3642564143

Category: Science

Page: 315

View: 1033

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This book provides information about springs, mineral waters, and thermal waters used for municipal, industrial, and agricultural water supplies and the rapidly expanding bottled water industry. The role of springs is described for ancient civilizations, military campaigns and, in more recent times, for tourism and health spas. In addition, their source, occurrence, and methods for development and use are described. The book contains data obtained from major hydrogeologic databases and from leading hydrogeologists.

ELEMENTS OF HYDROLOGY AND GROUNDWATER

Author: SAXENA, R.N.,GUPTA, D.C.

Publisher: PHI Learning Pvt. Ltd.

ISBN: 8120353080

Category: Science

Page: 296

View: 1976

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The book, designed for the postgraduate students of Pure and Applied Geology (M.Sc.) and Hydrology and Groundwater (M.Tech) and undergraduate students of Civil Engineering/Irrigational Engineering/Water Resource Engineering, is highly useful to the students for their course study and is also likely to help those appearing in various competitive examinations such as GATE, NET, PSC and UPSC. This book comprises fifteen chapters, of which the first six chapters are devoted to Hydrology, whereas the last nine chapters impart the knowledge of Groundwater. The text explains topics in a simple manner using step-by-step approach throughout and supports learning with illustrations and diagrams. KEY FEATURES 1. Covers a wide range of topics on Hydrology and Groundwater. 2. Provides chapter-end Review Questions, Objective Type Questions and Numerical Problems for practice. 3. Includes Appendices on Unit Conversion Factors; Glossary; and Answers to Objective Type Questions and Numerical Problems, respectively, with a detailed bibliography.

GROUNDWATER HYDROLOGY

Author: V. C. AGARWAL

Publisher: PHI Learning Pvt. Ltd.

ISBN: 812034619X

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 372

View: 9797

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This book presents a comprehensive discussion of basics of groundwater hydrology, its hydrologic and engineering aspects, and the mechanics involved in the study of flow of groundwater. The matter is presented in a logical sequence, placing emphasis on the application of theory and on the practical aspects of groundwater hydrology. The book introduces the geological formations of aquifers, discusses soil physics, describes the solutions of differential equations for confined and unconfined aquifers, elucidates groundwater flow equations and explains the phenomenon of interference of wells. The book also deals with tube wells and open wells, their design criteria, construction and work, revitalization and spacing, as well as their potential for irrigation. The issues of groundwater prospecting, analog models to study the response of aquifers to simulated field conditions, the current issues of concern pertaining to quality parameters of groundwater, and applications of remote sensing for survey and geological explorations for groundwater, are all addressed in the latter part of the book. The book is intended for the senior undergraduate students of civil engineering and postgraduate students (who specialize in Water Resources Engineering) of civil engineering. Besides it will be useful to the students pursuing courses in agricultural engineering. KEY FEATURES : Includes numerous objective-type questions (with answers) at the end of each chapter Contains worked-out numerical problems Provides chapter-end questions and unsolved numerical problems with answers for practice by students

Chemical and Isotopic Groundwater Hydrology

Author: Emanuel Mazor

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 9780203912959

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 352

View: 555

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This updated and expanded edition provides a thorough understanding of the measurable properties of groundwater systems and the knowledge to apply hydrochemical, geological, isotopic, and dating approaches to their work. This volume includes question and answer discussions for key concepts presented in the text and the basic hydrological, geological, and physical parameters to be observed and measured. Chemical and Isotopic Groundwater Hydrology, Third Edition covers the chemical tools of groundwater hydrology, the isotopic composition of water and groundwater dating by tritum, carbon-14, Cl-36, and He-4, as well as the application of fossil groundwater as a paleoclimatic indicator.

Hydrogeology and Groundwater Modeling, Second Edition

Author: Neven Kresic

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 9780849333484

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 828

View: 1183

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Coupling the basics of hygrogeology with analytical and numerical modeling methods, Hydrogeology and Groundwater Modeling, Second Edition provides detailed coverage of both theory and practice. Written by a leading hydrogeologist who has consulted for industry and environmental agencies and taught at major universities around the world, this unique book fills a gap in the groundwater hydrogeology literature. With more than 40 real-world examples, the book is a source for clear, easy-to-understand, and step-by-step quantitative groundwater evaluation and contaminant fate and transport analysis, from basic laboratory determination to complex analytical calculations and computer modeling. It provides more than 400 drawings, graphs, and photographs, and a variety of useful tables of all key groundwater parameters, as well as lucid, straightforward answers to common hydrogeological problems. Reflecting nearly ten years of new scholarship since the publication of the bestselling first edition, this second edition is wider in focus with added and updated examples, figures, and problems, yet still provides information in the author's trademark, user-friendly style. No other book offers such carefully selected examples and clear, elegantly explained solutions. The inclusion of step-by-step solutions to real problems builds a knowledge base for understanding and solving groundwater issues.

Water Resources Systems--water Availability and Global Change

Proceedings of an International Symposium (Symposium HS02a) Held During IUGG 2003, the XXIII General Assembly of the International Union of Geodesy and Geophysics : at Sapporo, Japan, from 30 June to 11 July, 2003

Author: Stewart W. Franks

Publisher: International Assn of Hydrological Sciences

ISBN: 9781901502275

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 321

View: 9405

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Karsthydrographie und physische Speläologie

Author: A. Bögli

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 9783662080528

Category: Science

Page: 294

View: 7296

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Das vorliegende Buch über Karsthydrographie und physische Speläologie ver bindet zwei Sachgebiete, die bisher getrennt behandelt worden sind. Beide Wissensgebiete sind ihre eigenen Wege gegangen, weniger aus sachlicher Ver schiedenheit, als wegen der unterschiedlichen Betrachtungsweise. In der Karst hydrographie steht die Beschreibung unterirdischer Gewässer mit ihrem physi kalischen und chemischen Verhalten im Mittelpunkt, in der physischen Speläo logie die unterirdischen Hohlräume mit ihrem Inhalt, die meist durch eben diese Wässer geschaffen worden sind. Diese Hohlräume lassen sich nur mit Hilfe karsthydrographischer Kenntnisse richtig interpretieren, geben aber daftir Hin weise auf das Verhalten der Karstgewässer. Karsthydrographie und physische Speläologie sind somit zwei Seiten des unterirdischen Karstphänomens und sollten unter einem einheitlichen Blickwinkel betrachtet werden. Das Buch wendet sich an Geologen, Hydrogeologen, Geomorphologen, Geographen und Karstforscher, vor allem Speläologen, sowie an alle Höhlen freunde, unter ihnen im besonderen die Laienforscher. Der Inhalt muß daher zwei Gruppen ansprechen, einerseits die akademisch Geschulten, seien es Hoch schuldozenten, Hochschulabsolventen oder noch Studenten, die in der Regel ausreichende Grundlagen zum Verständnis der theoretischen Ausführungen aufweisen, andererseits die Laien, die eine erlebte Anschauung aus den Höhlen mitbringen, doch häufJ.g nicht über alle wissenschaftlichen Grundlagen zum Verständnis der Phänomene verfügen. Deshalb mußten gelegentlich auch ein facheren Problemen größerer Raum gewährt und nomenklatorische Fragen mit einbezogen werden.

Applied Hydrogeology of Fractured Rocks

Author: B. B. S. Singhal,R. P. Gupta,Ravi P. Gupta

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9780412758300

Category: Science

Page: 400

View: 957

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Hydrology is a topical and growing subject, as the earth's water resources become scarcer and more vulnerable. Although more than half the surface area of continents is covered with hard fractured rocks, there has until now been no single book available dealing specifically with fractured rock hydrogeology. This book deals comprehensively with the fundamental principles for understanding these rocks, as well as with exploration techniques and assessment. It also provides in-depth discussion of structural mapping, remote sensing, geophysical exploration, GIS, field hydraulic testing, groundwater quality and contamination, geothermal reservoirs, and resources assessment and management. Hydrogeological aspects of various lithology groups, including crystalline rocks, volcanic rocks, carbonate rocks and clastic formations, are dealt with separately, using and discussing examples from all over the world. Applied Hydrogeology of Fractured Rocks will be an invaluable reference source for postgraduate students, researchers, exploration scientists, and engineers engaged in the field of groundwater development in fractured rock areas.

Iconologia sacra

Mythos, Bildkunst und Dichtung in der Religions- und Sozialgeschichte Alteuropas. Festschrift für Karl Hauck zum 75. Geburtstag

Author: Hagen Keller,Nikolaus Staubach

Publisher: Walter de Gruyter

ISBN: 311084611X

Category: History

Page: 679

View: 3040

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Groundwater in Geologic Processes

Author: Steven E. Ingebritsen,Ward E. Sanford

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9780521664004

Category: Science

Page: 365

View: 5374

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Explores the role of subsurface fluids in geologic processes - ideal for graduate-level hydrogeologists and geologists.

Global Water Dynamics

Shallow and Deep Groundwater, Petroleum Hydrology, Hydrothermal Fluids, and Landscaping

Author: Emanuel Mazor

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 0824758064

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 331

View: 2832

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All that makes this planet special is largely attributable to liquid water. Water in one form or another is found all over our planet, even encountered at depths of thousands of meters within the rocky crust. With a history of around four billion years, water has been around since the early days of Earth. Its presence in large amounts is unique to our planet, as are the outcomes and products of the water-involved geological processes. If Earth is to us a friendly home, it is thanks to all that water has created. Global Water Dynamics, written by renown geologist Emanuel Mazor is a unique book that deals with the global water systems via observations and multi-parametric physical, chemical, and isotopic measurements taken from a large number of springs and bore holes around the world. The obtained data leads to conclusions and working hypotheses that provide us with the detailed understanding of studied systems. It also allows us to see the forest beyond the trees, the global system of inter-related systems. These include recent cycling groundwater, connate water entrapped in sedimentary basins, as well as thermal and volcanic water systems, and the occurrence of petroleum deposits. The presented data and discussions lead to first principles analyses, as well as a long list of practical lessons. The content of this book addresses experts in the relevant fields, as well as university students in the earth sciences, hydrology, geology, petroleum exploration and exploitation, and environmental management and education.