Groundwater Science

Author: Charles Richard Fitts

Publisher: Academic Press

ISBN: 0123847052

Category: Science

Page: 672

View: 1643

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Groundwater Science, 2E, covers groundwater's role in the hydrologic cycle and in water supply, contamination, and construction issues. It is a valuable resource for students and instructors in the geosciences (with focuses in hydrology, hydrogeology, and environmental science), and as a reference work for professional researchers. This interdisciplinary text weaves important methods and applications from the disciplines of physics, chemistry, mathematics, geology, biology, and environmental science, introducing you to the mathematical modeling and contaminant flow of groundwater. New to the Second Edition: * New chapter on subsurface heat flow and geothermal systems * Expanded content on well construction and design, surface water hydrology, groundwater/ surface water interaction, slug tests, pumping tests, and mounding analysis. * Updated discussions of groundwater modeling, calibration, parameter estimation, and uncertainty * Free software tools for slug test analysis, pumping test analysis, and aquifer modeling * Lists of key terms and chapter contents at the start of each chapter * Expanded end-of-chapter problems, including more conceptual questions * Two-color figures * Homework problems at the end of each chapter and worked examples throughout * Companion website with videos of field exploration and contaminant migration experiments, PDF files of USGS reports, and data files for homework problems * PowerPoint slides and solution manual for adopting faculty

Groundwater Science

Author: Charles R. Fitts

Publisher: Academic Press

ISBN: 0123847060

Category: Science

Page: 692

View: 4527

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Groundwater Science, Second Edition—winner of a 2014 Textbook Excellence Award (Texty) from The Text and Academic Authors Association—covers groundwater's role in the hydrologic cycle and in water supply, contamination, and construction issues. It is a valuable resource for students and instructors in the geosciences (with focuses in hydrology, hydrogeology, and environmental science), and as a reference work for professional researchers. This interdisciplinary text weaves important methods and applications from the disciplines of physics, chemistry, mathematics, geology, biology, and environmental science, introducing you to the mathematical modeling and contaminant flow of groundwater. New to the Second Edition: New chapter on subsurface heat flow and geothermal systems Expanded content on well construction and design, surface water hydrology, groundwater/ surface water interaction, slug tests, pumping tests, and mounding analysis. Updated discussions of groundwater modeling, calibration, parameter estimation, and uncertainty Free software tools for slug test analysis, pumping test analysis, and aquifer modeling Lists of key terms and chapter contents at the start of each chapter Expanded end-of-chapter problems, including more conceptual questions Winner of a 2014 Texty Award from the Text and Academic Authors Association Features two-color figures Includes homework problems at the end of each chapter and worked examples throughout Provides a companion website with videos of field exploration and contaminant migration experiments, PDF files of USGS reports, and data files for homework problems Offers PowerPoint slides and solution manual for adopting faculty

Groundwater Science

Author: Charles R. Fitts

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 0080495036

Category: Science

Page: 450

View: 1909

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Groundwater Science is a timely, current, and comprehensive presentation of groundwater hydrology that integrates chemistry, physics, geology, and calculus. With the input of students and other hydrology instructors, the author has developed a text reference that will be appreciated by students and professors alike. The book covers recent contamination topics such as non-aqueous-phase liquids (NAPLs), complex solute transport processes, and remediation. It contains clear explanations, two-color figures, case studies, and worked examples throughout. This book is recommended for upper-level undergraduate and graduate students in hydrology, geology, environmental science, and civil engineering departments as well as for scientists and engineers in the groundwater field. Integrates up-to-date material on field methods and flow modeling methods Covers recent contamination topics including non-aqueous-phase liquids (NAPLs), complex solute transport processes, and remediation Presents clear explanations, two-color figures, case studies, and worked examples throughout

Applied Groundwater Modeling

Simulation of Flow and Advective Transport

Author: Mary P. Anderson,William W. Woessner,Randall J. Hunt

Publisher: Academic Press

ISBN: 0080916384

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 630

View: 8947

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This second edition is extensively revised throughout with expanded discussion of modeling fundamentals and coverage of advances in model calibration and uncertainty analysis that are revolutionizing the science of groundwater modeling. The text is intended for undergraduate and graduate level courses in applied groundwater modeling and as a comprehensive reference for environmental consultants and scientists/engineers in industry and governmental agencies. Explains how to formulate a conceptual model of a groundwater system and translate it into a numerical model Demonstrates how modeling concepts, including boundary conditions, are implemented in two groundwater flow codes-- MODFLOW (for finite differences) and FEFLOW (for finite elements) Discusses particle tracking methods and codes for flowpath analysis and advective transport of contaminants Summarizes parameter estimation and uncertainty analysis approaches using the code PEST to illustrate how concepts are implemented Discusses modeling ethics and preparation of the modeling report Includes Boxes that amplify and supplement topics covered in the text Each chapter presents lists of common modeling errors and problem sets that illustrate concepts

Groundwater Science and Policy

An International Overview

Author: Ph Quevauviller

Publisher: Royal Society of Chemistry

ISBN: 0854042946

Category: Law

Page: 754

View: 531

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This book offers a scientific overview of key findings in groundwater management set in context against the legislative milestones ensuing as a result of research and development activities.

Analytic Element Modeling of Groundwater Flow

Author: H. M. Haitjema

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 9780080499109

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 394

View: 3797

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Modeling has become an essential tool for the groundwater hydrologist. Where field data is limited, the analytic element method (AEM) is rapidly becoming the modeling method of choice, especially given the availability of affordable modeling software. Analytic Element Modeling of Groundwater Flow provides all the basics necessary to approach AEM successfully, including a presentation of fundamental concepts and a thorough introduction to Dupuit-Forchheimerflow. This book is unique in its emphasis on the actual use of analytic element models. Real-world examples complement material presented in the text. An educational version of the analytic element program GFLOW is included to allow the reader to reproduce the various solutions to groundwater flow problems discussed in the text. Researchers and graduate students in groundwater hydrology, geology, andengineering will find this book an indispensable resource. * * Provides a fundamental introduction to the use of the analytic element method. * Offers a step-by-step approach to groundwater flow modeling. * Includes an educational version of the GFLOW modeling software.

Groundwater Hydrology of Springs

Engineering, Theory, Management and Sustainability

Author: Neven Kresic,Zoran Stevanovic

Publisher: Butterworth-Heinemann

ISBN: 9780080949451

Category: Science

Page: 592

View: 3492

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Groundwater Hydrology of Water Resource Series - Water is an essential environmental resource and one that needs to be properly managed. As the world places more emphasis on sustainable water supplies, the demand for expertise in hydrology and water resources continues to increase. This series is intended for professional engineers, who seek a firm foundation in hydrology and an ability to apply this knowledge to solve problems in water resource management. Future books in the series are: Groudwater Hydrology of Springs (2009), Groudwater Hydrology of River Basins (2009), Groudwater Hydrology of Aquifers (2010), and Groudwater Hydrology of Wetlands (2010). First utilized as a primary source of drinking water in the ancient world, springs continue to supply many of the world's cities with water. In recent years their long-term sustainability is under pressure due to an increased demand from groundwater users. Edited by two world-renowned hydrologists, Groundwater Hydrology of Springs: Theory, Management, and Sustainability will provide civil and environmental engineers with a comprehensive reference for managing and sustaining the water quality of Springs. With contributions from experts from around the world, this book cover many of the world's largest springs, providing a unique global perspective on how engineers around the world are utilizing engineering principles for coping with problems such as: mismanagement, overexploitation and their impacts both water quantity and quality. The book will be divided into two parts: part one will explain the theory and principles of hydrology as they apply to Springs while part two will provide a rare look into the engineering practices used to manage some of the most important Springs from around the world. Description of the spring and the aquifer feeding it Latest groundwater and contaminant transport models Description of sources of aquifer use Understanding of contamination and/or possible contamination A plan for management and sustainability

Groundwater Ecology

Author: Janine Gilbert,Dan L. Danielopol,Jack A. Stanford

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 008050762X

Category: Science

Page: 571

View: 3924

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Groundwater has long been an object of intense scrutiny. Only recently have methods become available that permit ecologists, hydrologists, and environmental scientists to assess the biotic and abiotic status of these all-important aquifers. The dynamics of water movement through complex subterranean ecosystems The biological organization and the factors that constrain these ecosystems Alluvial and karst ecosystem functions Contamination, management, and remediation

Hydrogeology

Groundwater Science and Engineering

Author: Alain Dassargues

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 0429894406

Category: Science

Page: 472

View: 7363

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This text combines the science and engineering of hydrogeology in an accessible, innovative style. As well as providing physical descriptions and characterisations of hydrogeological processes, it also sets out the corresponding mathematical equations for groundwater flow and solute/heat transport calculations. And, within this, the methodological and conceptual aspects for flow and contaminant transport modelling are discussed in detail. This comprehensive analysis forms the ideal textbook for graduate and undergraduate students interested in groundwater resources and engineering, and indeed its analyses can apply to researchers and professionals involved in the area.

Groundwater Modelling

An Introduction with Sample Programs in BASIC

Author: W. Kinzelbach

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 9780080870168

Category: Computers

Page: 332

View: 8815

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With the growing concern about groundwater resources both with respect to quantity and quality, the need for groundwater modelling tools is increasing. Although there are a number of excellent introductions to the concepts of groundwater flow and pollution transport, the student or practising engineer wishing to develop a model and do practical work on the computer finds that there is still a gap between the understanding of concepts and the ability to handle the actual computations. A great deal of groundwater modelling software for personal computers and microcomputers has appeared recently, but taking these models from the shelf and applying them without a background on their capabilities often leads to disappointment and frustration. This book provides the reader with all necessary details to start modelling on his own. It gives a comprehensive introduction to the major techniques currently used in the modelling of groundwater flow and pollutant transport in groundwater. Both self-contained and comprehensive, it presents a wide variety of methods currently applied in the management, protection, and remediation of groundwater resources, which allows the reader to take the step from understanding the concepts to the ability to handle actual computations. All major techniques are illustrated by a total of 19 sample programs in BASIC which can be modified by the reader to suit his own need. The programs can be run directly on an Apple II+ or compatible personal computer, and with slight modifications, most can be transferred to other microcomputers with BASIC capability and at least 48K of central memory. The necessary modifications for running the programs on an IBM-PC are indicated in the appendix. Students and professionals in the fields of hydrogeology and civil and environmental engineering will find this to be an extremely useful book. Knowledge of the basic concepts of hydrogeology is assumed and, starting from that basis, the book will enable them to understand mathematical groundwater models and write computer programs of their own.

Groundwater Environment in Asian Cities

Concepts, Methods and Case Studies

Author: Sangam Shrestha,Vishnu Prasad Pandey,Shashidhar Thatikonda,Binaya Raj Shivakoti

Publisher: Butterworth-Heinemann

ISBN: 0128031670

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 542

View: 1993

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Groundwater contributes to the sustainable development of many Asian cities by providing water for domestic, industrial and agricultural uses and regulating ecosystem flows. However, groundwater has not always been properly managed, which often has resulted in depletion and degradation of the resource. Groundwater Environment in Asian Cities presents the up-to-date scientific knowledge on groundwater environment in fourteen Asian cities using Driver-Pressure-State-Impact-Response (DPSIR) framework. In detail the book presents the facts and figures of groundwater dependency, problems related to groundwater over exploitation, implementation of various policy instruments and management practices and their results in selected fourteen Asian cities, namely; Bandung (Indonesia), Bangkok (Thailand), Beijing (China), Bishkek (Kyrgyzstan), Chitwan (Nepal), Delhi (India), Dili (East Timor), Ho Chi Minh (Vietnam), Hyderabad (India), Khulna (Bangladesh), Lahore (Pakistan), Seoul (South Korea), Tokyo (Japan), and Yangon (Myanmar). The book provides the one-step platform to get sufficient details about groundwater aquifers, hydrogeology, groundwater status, impacts on groundwater environment and responses (technology, policy, institutional, etc.) deployed in the case studies cities, and therefore, provides a snap-shot of Asian groundwater environments. The theoretical background of the topics discussed along with the case studies help the readers understand the similarities and differences about the status of groundwater development and use in each city. In addition, the information in the book will serve as a baseline for other research such as mitigation of groundwater related problems (e.g., land subsidence), impact of climate change on groundwater, and importance of groundwater for implementing sustainable development goals in future. Presents a framework for evaluating groundwater environment in urban environments Includes case studies and local examples from a broad geographical range of urban environments from virtually every region in Asia, including Bandung, Bangkok, Delhi, Bishkek, Beijing and Tokyo The book will be a valuable resource for groundwater adversaries in the scientific, decision-making and end-user communities, particularly for understanding and assessing state of groundwater resources in the region as well as learning from the responses practiced so far (Dr. Linda Anne Stevenson, APN) The contents in this book are very much useful for informed decision-making for protecting groundwater environemntand therefore contributes in making invisible visible (Dr. Neno Kukuric, IGRAC) With concrete examples and lessons for readers, this book responds to the call for comprehensive research and studies, the implementation of new science-based methodologies and endorsement of principles for groundwater resources management and cities (Dr. Aureli Alice, UNESCO-IHP) As a “Regional Hub for Groundwater Management in the Asia Pacific Region , IGES finds this book as a very much useful reference for knowledge hub partners, groundwater managers, academic institutions, research scholars, and international organizations working in the areas of groundwater in Asia and beyond (Dr. Hideyuki Mori, IGES)

Handbook of Groundwater Remediation using Permeable Reactive Barriers

Applications to Radionuclides, Trace Metals, and Nutrients

Author: David Naftz,Stan J. Morrison,Christopher C. Fuller,James A. Davis

Publisher: Academic Press

ISBN: 0080533051

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 544

View: 9546

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Over the last century and a half, groundwaters have become contaminated by a growing number of organic and inorganic substances ranging from petroleum-derived hydrocarbons to radioactive compounds, to cancer-causing hexavalent chromium. The importance of uncontaminated groundwater for agriculture, human consumption, and the environmental health of ecosystems is paramount to the health and productivity of industrial society. Water scientists and managers are focused on developing cost-effective methods to reverse this trend. Several methodologies have been developed, however few are as cost-effective as the use of readily available materials, such as iron and organic compost, for absorbing and isolating contaminants within the matrix of a permeable barrier. The Handbook of Groundwater Remediation using Permeable Reactive Barriers presents readers with this latest technology and developments within four main sections: 1. Innovations in Design, Construction, and Evaluation of PRBs 2. Development of Reactive Materials 3. Evaluations of Chemical and Biological Processes 4. Case Studies of Permeable Reactive Barrier Installations The Handbook is one of the first references specifically on this topic. It is an excellent fit for graduate students entering this emerging field as well as professionals conducting research or implementing this technology.

Fractional Operators with Constant and Variable Order with Application to Geo-hydrology

Author: Abdon Atangana

Publisher: Academic Press

ISBN: 0128097965

Category: Mathematics

Page: 414

View: 8748

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Fractional Operators with Constant and Variable Order with Application to Geo-hydrology provides a physical review of fractional operators, fractional variable order operators, and uncertain derivatives to groundwater flow and environmental remediation. It presents a formal set of mathematical equations for the description of groundwater flow and pollution problems using the concept of non-integer order derivative. Both advantages and disadvantages of models with fractional operators are discussed. Based on the author’s analyses, the book proposes new techniques for groundwater remediation, including guidelines on how chemical companies can be positioned in any city to avoid groundwater pollution. Proposes new aquifer derivatives for leaky, confined and unconfined formations Presents useful aids for applied scientists and engineers seeking to solve complex problems that cannot be handled using constant fractional order derivatives Provides a real physical interpretation of operators relevant to groundwater flow problems Models both fractional and variable order derivatives, presented together with uncertainties analysis

Rare Earth Elements in Groundwater Flow Systems

Author: Karen H. Johannesson

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 140203234X

Category: Science

Page: 297

View: 7932

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This is the first book of its kind to focus on the geochemistry of the lanthanide series elements in groundwater/aquifer environments. The contributors are leading researchers in the study of low-temperature geochemistry of rare earth elements. Individual chapters address analytical techniques, water-rock interactions, aqueous complexation, and the reactions and processes that influence these heavy metals along groundwater flow paths.

Ground/water

The Art, Design, and Science of a Dry River

Author: Ellen McMahon,Ander Monson,Beth M. Weinstein

Publisher: Confluencenter for Creative inquiry

ISBN: 9780816530236

Category: Art

Page: 102

View: 442

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Ground

GIS and Geostatistical Techniques for Groundwater Science

Author: Senapathi Venkatramanan,Prasanna Mohan Viswanathan,Sang Yong Chung

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 9780128154137

Category: Mathematics

Page: 320

View: 5863

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GIS and Geostatistical Techniques for Groundwater Science provides a detailed synthesis of the application of GIS and geostatistics in groundwater studies. As the book illustrates, GIS can be a powerful tool for developing solutions for water resources problems, assessing water quality, and managing water resources. Beginning with an introduction to the history of GIS and geostatistical techniques in groundwater studies, the book then describes various spatial techniques, including case studies for various applications, from quality assessment to resource management. GIS and Geostatistical Techniques for Groundwater Science assembles the most up-to-date techniques in GIS and geostatistics as they relate to groundwater, one of the most important natural resources. Provides details on the application of GIS and statistics in groundwater studies Includes practical coverage of the use of spatial analysis techniques in groundwater science Bridges the gap between geostatistics and GIS as it relates to groundwater science and management Offers worldwide case studies to illustrate various techniques and applications in addressing groundwater issues