Groundwater Science

Author: Charles Richard Fitts

Publisher: Academic Press

ISBN: 0123847052

Category: Science

Page: 672

View: 3280

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Groundwater Science, 2E, covers groundwater's role in the hydrologic cycle and in water supply, contamination, and construction issues. It is a valuable resource for students and instructors in the geosciences (with focuses in hydrology, hydrogeology, and environmental science), and as a reference work for professional researchers. This interdisciplinary text weaves important methods and applications from the disciplines of physics, chemistry, mathematics, geology, biology, and environmental science, introducing you to the mathematical modeling and contaminant flow of groundwater. New to the Second Edition: * New chapter on subsurface heat flow and geothermal systems * Expanded content on well construction and design, surface water hydrology, groundwater/ surface water interaction, slug tests, pumping tests, and mounding analysis. * Updated discussions of groundwater modeling, calibration, parameter estimation, and uncertainty * Free software tools for slug test analysis, pumping test analysis, and aquifer modeling * Lists of key terms and chapter contents at the start of each chapter * Expanded end-of-chapter problems, including more conceptual questions * Two-color figures * Homework problems at the end of each chapter and worked examples throughout * Companion website with videos of field exploration and contaminant migration experiments, PDF files of USGS reports, and data files for homework problems * PowerPoint slides and solution manual for adopting faculty

Groundwater Science and Policy

An International Overview

Author: Ph Quevauviller

Publisher: Royal Society of Chemistry

ISBN: 0854042946

Category: Law

Page: 754

View: 3079

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This book offers a scientific overview of key findings in groundwater management set in context against the legislative milestones ensuing as a result of research and development activities.

Hydrogeology

Groundwater Science and Engineering

Author: Alain Dassargues

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 0429894406

Category: Science

Page: 472

View: 6643

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This text combines the science and engineering of hydrogeology in an accessible, innovative style. As well as providing physical descriptions and characterisations of hydrogeological processes, it also sets out the corresponding mathematical equations for groundwater flow and solute/heat transport calculations. And, within this, the methodological and conceptual aspects for flow and contaminant transport modelling are discussed in detail. This comprehensive analysis forms the ideal textbook for graduate and undergraduate students interested in groundwater resources and engineering, and indeed its analyses can apply to researchers and professionals involved in the area.

GIS and Geostatistical Techniques for Groundwater Science

Author: Senapathi Venkatramanan,Prasanna Mohan Viswanathan,Sang Yong Chung

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 9780128154137

Category: Mathematics

Page: 320

View: 9040

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GIS and Geostatistical Techniques for Groundwater Science provides a detailed synthesis of the application of GIS and geostatistics in groundwater studies. As the book illustrates, GIS can be a powerful tool for developing solutions for water resources problems, assessing water quality, and managing water resources. Beginning with an introduction to the history of GIS and geostatistical techniques in groundwater studies, the book then describes various spatial techniques, including case studies for various applications, from quality assessment to resource management. GIS and Geostatistical Techniques for Groundwater Science assembles the most up-to-date techniques in GIS and geostatistics as they relate to groundwater, one of the most important natural resources. Provides details on the application of GIS and statistics in groundwater studies Includes practical coverage of the use of spatial analysis techniques in groundwater science Bridges the gap between geostatistics and GIS as it relates to groundwater science and management Offers worldwide case studies to illustrate various techniques and applications in addressing groundwater issues

Understanding Groundwater

Author: William Jesse Schwalbaum

Publisher: Nova Publishers

ISBN: 9781560724049

Category: Science

Page: 190

View: 309

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As a consulting hydrogeologist to municipalities and public water suppliers, Jesse Schwalbaum has been teaching the basic principles of groundwater science to the public for almost 20 years. This book has grown out of countless informal hydrology lectures he has given at public meetings, court rooms and in written reports.

Groundwater Updates

Author: K. Sato,Y. Iwasa

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 4431684425

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 491

View: 9128

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Groundwater is essential to life and to maintaining Earth's water cycle. In the face of growing threats to this invaluable resource, recent advances in research and analysis - notably in numerical simulation and data processing with computers - are bringing rapid changes in dynamic methodology for groundwater management and modeling. This book contains the latest updates from the field of groundwater science and engineering, organized around five major topics: Optimization of groundwater resources in basins, Groundwater pollution and remediation technologies, Underground development and groundwater technologies, Interaction between surface and subsurface water, and Reliability of numerical methods and scaling in geohydraulics. This collection of more than 80 papers by leading specialists provides a valuable source of information for researchers, engineers, and students in the field of groundwater resources and management.

Groundwater Hydrology

Author: David Keith Todd,Larry W. Mays

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9780471452546

Category: Groundwater

Page: 636

View: 8718

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Continuing in its forty-year history of providing students and professionals with a thorough grounding in the science and technology of groundwater hydrology, this third edition has been completely updated to reflect the tremendous changes in the field. A true essential reference, this book provides a unified presentation of the subject, treating fundamental principles, methods and problems encountered in the field as a whole.

Investigating Groundwater Systems on Regional and National Scales

Author: Water Science and Technology Board,Committee on USGS Water Resources Research,National Research Council,Division on Earth and Life Studies,Commission on Geosciences, Environment and Resources

Publisher: National Academies Press

ISBN: 0309071828

Category: Science

Page: 158

View: 1531

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Groundwater is a basic resource for humans and natural ecosystems and is one of the nation's most important natural resources. Groundwater is pumped from wells to supply drinking water to about 130 million U.S. residents and is used in all 50 states. About 40 percent of the nation's public water supply and much of the water used for irrigation is provided by groundwater. Despite the importance of groundwater as one of our most precious natural resources, an organized, effective program to provide an ongoing assessment of the nation's groundwater resources does not exist. With encouragement from the U.S. Congress, the USGS is planning for a new program of regional and national scale assessment of U.S. groundwater resources, thus helping bring new order to its various groundwater resources-related activities. The Survey's senior scientists requested advice in regard to the design of such a program. In response, the committee undertook this study in support of developing an improved program relevant to regional and national assessment of groundwater resources. This report is a product of the Committee on USGS Water Resources Research, which provides consensus advice on scientific, research, and programmatic issues to the Water Resources Division (WRD) of the U.S. Geological Survey (USGS). The committee is one of the groups that work under the auspices of the Water Science and Technology Board of the National Research Council (NRC). The committee considers a variety of topics that are important scientifically and programmatically to the USGS and the nation, and it issues reports when appropriate. This report concerns the work of the WRD in science and technology relevant to assessments of groundwater resources on regional and national scales. The USGS has been conducting scientific activity relevant to groundwater resources for over 100 years and, as summarized in Appendix A, today groundwater-related work occurs throughout the WRD.

Groundwater Contamination: Use of Models in Decision-Making

Proceedings of the International Conference on Groundwater Contamination: Use of Models in Decision-Making, Amsterdam, The Netherlands, 26–29 October 1987, Organized by the International Ground Water Modeling Center (IGWMC), Indianapolis — Delft

Author: G. Jousma,Jacob Bear,Y.Y. Haimes,F. Walter

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9400923015

Category: Science

Page: 656

View: 7953

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The protection of groundwater resources has emerged in recent years as a high priority topic on the agenda of many countries. In responding to the growing concern over deteriorating groundwater quality, many countries are developing a comprehensive regulatory framework for the management of subsurface water resources with management referring to both quantity and quality aspects. Within this framework, groundwater models are rapidly coming to playa central role in the development of protection and rehabilitation strategies. These models provide forecasts of the future state of the groundwater aquifer systems and/or the unsaturated zone in response to proposed management initiatives. For example, models will predict the effects of implementing a proposed management scheme on water levels and on the transport and fate of pollutants. The models are now used in the formulation of policies and regulations, the issuing of permits, design of monitoring and data collection systems, and the development of enforcement actions. The growth in the use of these sophisticated tools has led to many unforeseen problems in groundwater management. Lingering issues include reliability of codes, quality assurance in model development and applications, efficient utiliza tion of human and material resources, technology transfer and training. Some issues have legal ramifications, as in cases where the applications of models have been contested in courts.

Sustaining Groundwater Resources

A Critical Element in the Global Water Crisis

Author: J. Anthony A. Jones

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9789048134267

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 228

View: 7161

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Burgeoning population and climate change are among the most critical challenges facing the 21st century. Both have critical implications for groundwater resources, especially in many developing countries where resources are already under pressure. Due to low rainfall and high evaporation in parts of the Middle East and North Africa, groundwater is not being renewed, and groundwater laid down up to 10,000 years ago is literally being mined for irrigation, often very inefficiently. Over recent decades, groundwater levels have fallen dramatically in key grain-growing regions like the American Great Plains and the North China Plain. As the population grows and emerging economies like China and India demand more food, especially water intensive meat products, agricultural demand for water is set to increase. The rapid shift of population from the countryside to the cities is also adding to this pressure; most old wells in Beijing are now dry. Pollution from industry, agriculture and shanty towns is destroying many groundwater resources; some could take 50 years to clean up even with strict and immediate controls. This volume looks at the technical, socio-economic and political problems being faced, and at the developments in groundwater science and management that may help create a sustainable future for our planet.

Sustainable Wells

Maintenance, Problem Prevention, and Rehabilitation

Author: Stuart A. Smith,Allen E. Comeskey

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 9780849375774

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 334

View: 8460

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No one has recorded when well digging started, but surely humans imitated elephants in digging holes in the sand to access cooler water that didn’t make the children sick. Eventually, humankind began to redesign, maintain, and repair the wells they constructed, but when wells became "commodities" in the twentieth century, this maintenance ethic was fogotten. Recapturing that ethic, Sustainable Wells: Maintenance, Problem Prevention, and Rehabilitation is a guide to keeping well systems operating at peak capacity. The book focuses on how to prevent and forestall problems, and manage the problems with wells as they age. Examining the many challenges that come with maintaining well performance, the book provides a comprehensive yet readable state-of-the-art summary of performance maintenance, problem prevention, and rehabilitation or restoration practice with the goal of sustaining optimal performance over the long run. Rather than focusing on a certain aspect of well cleaning, or a particular technical approach, it covers the scope of maintenance and rehabilitation, from planning to evaluation testing. It also addresses the crucial subjects of preventive design, maintenance monitoring from electrical to biofouling, and evaluation testing. An exploration of the subject without a vendor or strong regional bias, the book is based on the authors’ extensive hands-on experience serving well-operating clientele. In addition to water supply wells, it addresses the problems and maintenance issues of monitoring, plume control, and other "environmental" wells. Compiling information from existing literature into a single source, and combining that information with experience, the book provides recommendations based on historical performance. Copiously illustrated with approximately ninety black and white photographs, figures, and a color insert, the book reflects the changes in the profession that have occurred during the past decade or so. These features and more make this the first resource to turn to when devising solutions for maintaining and improving well performance.

Intelligent Systems and Decision Making for Risk Analysis and Crisis Response

Proceedings of the 4th International Conference on Risk Analysis and Crisis Response, Istanbul, Turkey, 27-29 August 2013

Author: Chongfu Huang,Cengiz Kahraman

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 0203771478

Category: Computers

Page: 950

View: 1394

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In this present internet age, risk analysis and crisis response based on information will make up a digital world full of possibilities and improvements to people’s daily life and capabilities. These services will be supported by more intelligent systems and more effective decisionmaking. This book contains all the papers presented at the 4th International Conference on Risk Analysis and Crisis Response, August 27-29, 2013, Istanbul, Turkey. The theme was intelligent systems and decision making for risk analysis and crisis response. The risk issues in the papers cluster around the following topics: natural disasters, finance risks, food and feed safety, catastrophic accidents, critical infrastructure, global climate change, project management, supply chains, public health, threats to social safety, energy and environment. This volume will be of interest to all professionals and academics in the field of risk analysis, crisis response, intelligent systems and decision-making, as well as related fields of enquiry.

Groundwater in the Environment

An Introduction

Author: Paul L. Younger

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1444309048

Category: Science

Page: 336

View: 2182

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This accessible new textbook provides a thorough introduction to all aspects of groundwater systems and their management. Using straightforward language and analogies to everyday experiences, it explains the origins, nature, and behavior of subsurface water without resorting to complicated mathematics. Groundwater in the Environment draws on case studies and cutting-edge research from around the world, giving a unique insight into groundwater occurring in a wide range of different climate zones and geological settings. This book: provides a robust, practical introduction to groundwater quality, and a succinct summary of modern remedial technologies for polluted groundwaters explores how groundwater fits into the wider natural environment, especially in relation to freshwater ecosystems considers the vulnerability of groundwater systems and the effects of pollution, climate change, land-use change, and overexploitation examines human dependence on water and the effect that this has on groundwater systems presents vivid examples of geohazards associated with ground waters explains the whys and wherefores of groundwater modeling examines competing philosophies of groundwater management, making the case for approaches which take social, economic and ecological issues into account. Goundwater in the Environment provides an up-to-date, essential introduction for undergraduate students of environmental sciences, geography and geology. It will also be invaluable to professionals working in various fields of natural resource management who need accessible information on groundwater but who are reluctant to read conventional texts full of mathematical notation. For practicing hydrogeologists and engineers without formal training in freshwater ecology, this book provides a `crash course' in the new frontiers of groundwater management. Artwork from the book is available to instructors online at www.blackwellpublishing.com/younger. An Instructor manual CD-ROM for this title is available. Please contact our Higher Education team at [email protected] for more information.

Groundwater in Geologic Processes

Author: Steven E. Ingebritsen,Ward E. Sanford,C. E. Neuzil

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 0521603218

Category: Science

Page: 536

View: 2549

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An extensively revised 2006 second edition of the well received and widely adopted textbook on groundwater.

Groundwater in the Arab Middle East

Author: Wolfgang Wagner

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9783642193514

Category: Science

Page: 443

View: 4884

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The book gives an outline of prevailing hydrogeologic conditions in the Arab Middle East together with the geologic background. Emphasis is given to relationships between the main features influencing the hydrogeologic conditions - regional geologic developments, paleogeographic conditions, morphology, climate and paleo-climate - and the resulting hydrogeologic features: formation of aquifers, distribution of major aquifers, main groundwater flow systems, occurrence of renewable and fossil groundwater. Reported data on hydraulic aquifer parameters, recharge rates and groundwater flow volumes are evaluated with a view to arrive at characteristic values under the specific hydrogeologic and climatic conditions. The area considered covers approximately the Arabian Plate. Information on the following countries is included: Bahrain, Iraq, Jordan, Kuwait, Lebanon, Oman, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, Syria, United Arab Emirates, West Bank and Gaza, Yemen.

Hydrogeochemistry Fundamentals and Advances, Groundwater Composition and Chemistry

Author: Viatcheslav V. Tikhomirov

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1119160421

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 336

View: 1309

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Water is the Earth’s most precious resource. Until recent years, water was often overlooked as being overly abundant or available, but much has changed all over the world. As climate change, human encroachment on environmental areas, and deforestation become greater dangers, the study of groundwater has become more important than ever and is growing as one of the most important areas of science for the future of life on Earth. This three-volume set is the most comprehensive and up-to-date treatment of hydrogeochemistry that is available. The first volume lays the foundation of the composition, chemistry, and testing of groundwater, while volume two covers practical applications such as mass transfer and transport. Volume three, which completes the set, is an advanced study of the environmental analysis of groundwater and its implications for the future. This first volume in the set is an important milestone in hydrogeochemistry, covering the fundamentals of groundwater science. It also goes further into testing methods, applications of testing, and analysis. It is not only the introductory text for this groundbreaking and ambitious new three-volume project, but it is also a valuable reference for the scientist, engineer, or student. Whether as a textbook or a reference work, this volume is a must-have for any library on hydrogeochemistry.