Guidelines for Evaluating Process Plant Buildings for External Explosions, Fires, and Toxic Releases

Author: CCPS (Center for Chemical Process Safety)

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1118312988

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 225

View: 5117

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Siting of permanent and temporary buildings in process areas requires careful consideration of potential effects of explosions and fires arising from accidental release of flammable materials. This book, which updates the 1996 edition, provides a single-source reference that explains the American Petroleum Institute (API) permanent (752) and temporary (753) building recommended practices and details how to implement them. New coverage on toxicity and updated standards are also highlighted. Practical and easy-to-use, this reliable guide is a must-have for implementing safe building practices.

Guidelines for Evaluating Process Plant Buildings for External Explosions and Fires

Author: CCPS (Center for Chemical Process Safety)

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 0470937920

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 189

View: 9802

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Dedicated to the Memory and Spirit of Donald F. Othmer Though there are many industry practices for building design and siting, they do not always apply to all sectors of the industry, or ensure consistent levels of safety. This practical book, written by the same author as API Recommended Practice 752, provides the details to implement the recommended practice, "Management of Hazards Associated with Location of Process Plant Buildings." Its contents include safety guidelines on fire and explosion risks to process plant buildings as a result of events external to the building, which can apply across the spectrum of industries, and to conditions at any site. The book also offers guidance on assessing, screening, and managing risks associated with building design and siting. Two appendices give extensive coverage of explosion and fire phenomena, and effects and principles of blast-resistant design.

Guidelines for Evaluating Process Plant Buildings for External Explosions and Fires

Author: CCPS (Center for Chemical Process Safety)

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 0470937920

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 189

View: 5651

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Dedicated to the Memory and Spirit of Donald F. Othmer Though there are many industry practices for building design and siting, they do not always apply to all sectors of the industry, or ensure consistent levels of safety. This practical book, written by the same author as API Recommended Practice 752, provides the details to implement the recommended practice, "Management of Hazards Associated with Location of Process Plant Buildings." Its contents include safety guidelines on fire and explosion risks to process plant buildings as a result of events external to the building, which can apply across the spectrum of industries, and to conditions at any site. The book also offers guidance on assessing, screening, and managing risks associated with building design and siting. Two appendices give extensive coverage of explosion and fire phenomena, and effects and principles of blast-resistant design.

Guidelines for Facility Siting and Layout

Author: CCPS (Center for Chemical Process Safety)

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 0470925019

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 198

View: 949

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A resource for individuals responsible for siting decisions, this guidelines book covers siting and layout of process plants, including both new and expanding facilities. This book provides comprehensive guidelines in selecting a site, recognizing and assessing long-term risks, and the optimal lay out of equipment facilities needed within a site. The information presented is applicable to US and international locations. Note: CD-ROM/DVD and other supplementary materials are not included as part of eBook file.

Guidelines for Integrating Process Safety into Engineering Projects

Author: CCPS (Center for Chemical Process Safety)

Publisher: Wiley-AIChE

ISBN: 1118795075

Category: Science

Page: 432

View: 4568

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There is much industry guidance on implementing engineering projects and a similar amount of guidance on Process Safety Management (PSM). However, there is a gap in transferring the key deliverables from the engineering group to the operations group, where PSM is implemented. This book provides the engineering and process safety deliverables for each project phase along with the impacts to the project budget, timeline and the safety and operability of the delivered equipment.

Evaluation of the Effects and Consequences of Major Accidents in Industrial Plants

Author: Joaquim Casal

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 044463892X

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 570

View: 7708

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Evaluation of the Effects and Consequences of Major Accidents in Industrial Plants, Second Edition, covers the essential aspects of a diverse range of major accidents including fires, explosions and toxic clouds, and provides the key models necessary to calculate their effects and consequences with applications to real incidents. New topics in this up-to-date edition include dust explosions, evaluation of frequencies and probabilities, domino effect, transportation of hazardous materials, and analysis of significant accidents. The new edition of Evaluation of the Effects and Consequences of Major Accidents in Industrial Plants is a valuable resource to engineers from the chemical/petrochemical industry and those working with the transportation of hazardous materials (by road, rail, or pipelines), in addition to engineering companies and academics alike. Evaluates the expected/probable occurrence frequency of major accidents Describes the main features of fires, explosions and toxic releases Includes mathematical modeling of major accidents, evaluation of their effects, and consequences on people and equipment Explains how to perform a Quantitative Risk Analysis

Guidelines for Initiating Events and Independent Protection Layers in Layer of Protection Analysis

Author: CCPS (Center for Chemical Process Safety)

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1118948718

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 384

View: 2081

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The book is a guide for Layers of Protection Analysis (LOPA) practitioners. It explains the onion skin model and in particular, how it relates to the use of LOPA and the need for non-safety instrumented independent protection layers. It provides specific guidance on Independent Protection Layers (IPLs) that are not Safety Instrumented Systems (SIS). Using the LOPA methodology, companies typically take credit for risk reductions accomplished through non-SIS alternatives; i.e. administrative procedures, equipment design, etc. It addresses issues such as how to ensure the effectiveness and maintain reliability for administrative controls or “inherently safer, passive” concepts. This book will address how the fields of Human Reliability Analysis, Fault Tree Analysis, Inherent Safety, Audits and Assessments, Maintenance, and Emergency Response relate to LOPA and SIS. The book will separate IPL’s into categories such as the following: Inherent Safety eliminates a scenario or fundamentally reduces a hazard Preventive/Proactive prevents initiating event from occurring such as enhanced maintenance Preventive/Active stops chain of events after initiating event occurs but before an incident has occurred such as high level in a tank shutting off the pump. Mitigation (active or passive) minimizes impact once an incident has occurred such as closing block valves once LEL is detected in the dike (active) or the dike preventing contamination of groundwater (passive).

Layer of Protection Analysis

Simplified Process Risk Assessment

Author: CCPS (Center for Chemical Process Safety)

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 111821627X

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 292

View: 2271

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Layer of protection analysis (LOPA) is a recently developed, simplified method of risk assessment that provides the much-needed middle ground between a qualitative process hazard analysis and a traditional, expensive quantitative risk analysis. Beginning with an identified accident scenario, LOPA uses simplifying rules to evaluate initiating event frequency, independent layers of protection, and consequences to provide an order-of-magnitude estimate of risk. LOPA has also proven an excellent approach for determining the safety integrity level necessary for an instrumented safety system, an approach endorsed in instrument standards, such as ISA S84 and IEC 61511. Written by industry experts in LOPA, this pioneering book provides all the necessary information to undertake and complete a Layer of Protection Analysis during any stage in a processes' life cycle. Loaded with tables, charts, and examples, this book is invaluable to technical experts involved with ensuring the safety of a process. Because of its simplified, quicker risk assessment approach, LOPA is destined to become a widely used technique. Join other major companies and start your LOPA efforts now by purchasing this book.

Center for Chemical Process Safety 19th annual international conference

Author: American Institute of Chemical Engineers. Center for Chemical Process Safety

Publisher: Wiley-AIChE

ISBN: 9780816909544

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 427

View: 6840

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Over 40 papers and posters that share the latest practices in emergency planning related to fixed chemical, pharmaceutical, LNG, and petroleum facilities, storage facilities, transportation, and security.

Handbook of Fire and Explosion Protection Engineering Principles

for Oil, Gas, Chemical and Related Facilities

Author: Dennis P. Nolan

Publisher: William Andrew

ISBN: 032331144X

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 496

View: 3793

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Written by an engineer for engineers, this book is both training manual and on-going reference, bringing together all the different facets of the complex processes that must be in place to minimize the risk to people, plant and the environment from fires, explosions, vapour releases and oil spills. Fully compliant with international regulatory requirements, relatively compact but comprehensive in its coverage, engineers, safety professionals and concerned company management will buy this book to capitalize on the author’s life-long expertise. This is the only book focusing specifically on oil and gas and related chemical facilities. This new edition includes updates on management practices, lessons learned from recent incidents, and new material on chemical processes, hazards and risk reviews (e.g. CHAZOP). Latest technology on fireproofing, fire and gas detection systems and applications is also covered. An introductory chapter on the philosophy of protection principles along with fundamental background material on the properties of the chemicals concerned and their behaviours under industrial conditions, combined with a detailed section on modern risk analysis techniques makes this book essential reading for students and professionals following Industrial Safety, Chemical Process Safety and Fire Protection Engineering courses. A practical, results-oriented manual for practicing engineers, bringing protection principles and chemistry together with modern risk analysis techniques Specific focus on oil and gas and related chemical facilities, making it comprehensive and compact Includes the latest best practice guidance, as well as lessons learned from recent incidents

Chemical Process Safety

Fundamentals with Applications

Author: Daniel A. Crowl,Joseph F. Louvar

Publisher: Pearson Education

ISBN: 0132440555

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 656

View: 6590

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Combines academic theory with practical industry experience Updated to include the latest regulations and references Covers hazard identification, risk assessment, and inherent safety Case studies and problem sets enhance learning Long-awaited revision of the industry best seller. This fully revised second edition of Chemical Process Safety: Fundamentals with Applications combines rigorous academic methods with real-life industrial experience to create a unique resource for students and professionals alike. The primary focus on technical fundamentals of chemical process safety provides a solid groundwork for understanding, with full coverage of both prevention and mitigation measures. Subjects include: Toxicology and industrial hygiene Vapor and liquid releases and dispersion modeling Flammability characterization Relief and explosion venting In addition to an overview of government regulations, the book introduces the resources of the AICHE Center for Chemical Process Safety library. Guidelines are offered for hazard identification and risk assessment. The book concludes with case histories drawn directly from the authors' experience in the field. A perfect reference for industry professionals, Chemical Process Safety: Fundamentals with Applications, Second Edition is also ideal for teaching at the graduate and senior undergraduate levels. Each chapter includes 30 problems, and a solutions manual is now available for instructors.

Guidelines for Developing Quantitative Safety Risk Criteria

Author: CCPS (Center for Chemical Process Safety)

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 9780470552933

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 248

View: 3879

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Written by a committee of safety professionals, this book creates a foundation document for the development and application of risk tolerance criteria Helps safety managers evaluate the frequency, severity and consequence of human injury Includes examples of risk tolerance criteria used by NASA, Earthquake Response teams and the International Maritime Organization, amongst others Helps achieve consistency in risk-based decision-making Reduces potential liabilities in the use of quantitative risk tolerance criteria through reference to an industry guidance document

Guide for All-Hazard Emergency Operations Planning

Author: Goss

Publisher: DIANE Publishing

ISBN: 9780788148293

Category:

Page: 264

View: 1871

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Meant to aid State & local emergency managers in their efforts to develop & maintain a viable all-hazard emergency operations plan. This guide clarifies the preparedness, response, & short-term recovery planning elements that warrant inclusion in emergency operations plans. It offers the best judgment & recommendations on how to deal with the entire planning process -- from forming a planning team to writing the plan. Specific topics of discussion include: preliminary considerations, the planning process, emergency operations plan format, basic plan content, functional annex content, hazard-unique planning, & linking Federal & State operations.

Human Factors Methods for Improving Performance in the Process Industries

Author: Center for Chemical Process Safety (CCPS)

Publisher: Wiley-AIChE

ISBN: 9780470117545

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 248

View: 965

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Human Factors Methods for Improving Performance in the Process Industries provides guidance for managers and plant engineering staff on specific, practical techniques and tools for addressing forty different human factors issues impacting process safety. Human factors incidents can result in injury and death, damage to the environment, fines, and business losses due to ruined batches, off-spec products, unplanned shutdowns, and other adverse effects. Prevention of these incidents increases productivity and profits. Complete with examples, case histories, techniques, and implementation methodologies, Human Factors Methods for Improving Performance in the Process Industries helps managers and engineering staff design and execute an efficient program. Organized for topical reference, the book includes: An overview on implementing a human factors program at the corporate level or the plant level, covering the business value, developing a program to meet specific needs, improving existing systems, roles and responsibilities, measures of performance, and more Summaries of forty different human factors relating to process safety, with a description of the tools, a practical example with graphics and visual aids, and additional resources Information on addressing the OSHA Process Safety Management (PSM) requirement for conducting human factors reviews in process hazard analyses (PHAs) A CD-ROM with a color version of the book Note: CD-ROM/DVD and other supplementary materials are not included as part of eBook file.

Process Plant Layout

Author: Sean Moran

Publisher: Butterworth-Heinemann

ISBN: 0128033568

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 756

View: 6318

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Process Plant Layout, Second Edition, explains the methodologies used by professional designers to layout process equipment and pipework, plots, plants, sites, and their corresponding environmental features in a safe, economical way. It is supported with tables of separation distances, rules of thumb, and codes of practice and standards. The book includes more than seventy-five case studies on what can go wrong when layout is not properly considered. Sean Moran has thoroughly rewritten and re-illustrated this book to reflect advances in technology and best practices, for example, changes in how designers balance layout density with cost, operability, and safety considerations. The content covers the ‘why’ underlying process design company guidelines, providing a firm foundation for career growth for process design engineers. It is ideal for process plant designers in contracting, consultancy, and for operating companies at all stages of their careers, and is also of importance for operations and maintenance staff involved with a new build, guiding them through plot plan reviews. Based on interviews with over 200 professional process plant designers Explains multiple plant layout methodologies used by professional process engineers, piping engineers, and process architects Includes advice on how to choose and use the latest CAD tools for plant layout Ensures that all methodologies integrate to comply with worldwide risk management legislation

Explosions in the Process Industries

Author: N.A

Publisher: IChemE

ISBN: 9780852953150

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 74

View: 7732

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This booklet provides a summary of the information on which estimation of the injuries and damage caused by the blast and consequent missile effects of large explosions can be made for planning and design purposes.

Nuclear Safety

Author: Gianni Petrangeli

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 008046078X

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 448

View: 3706

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Nuclear Safety provides the methods and data needed to evaluate and manage the safety of nuclear facilities and related processes using risk-based safety analysis, and provides readers with the techniques to assess the consequences of radioactive releases. The book covers relevant international and regional safety criteria (US, IAEA, EUR, PUN, URD, INI). The contents deal with each of the critical components of a nuclear plant, and provide an analysis of the risks arising from a variety of sources, including earthquakes, tornadoes, external impact and human factors. It also deals with the safety of underground nuclear testing and the handling of radioactive waste. Covers all plant components and potential sources of risk including human, technical and natural factors. Brings together information on nuclear safety for which the reader would previously have to consult many different and expensive sources. Provides international design and safety criteria and an overview of regulatory regimes.

Fundamentals of Fire Protection for the Safety Professional

Author: Lon H. Ferguson,Christopher A. Dr. Janicak

Publisher: Bernan Press

ISBN: 1598887122

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 304

View: 5349

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Fundamentals of Fire Protection for the Safety Professional takes an in-depth look at fire hazards in the workplace—from the substances required to do business to the building construction itself—and provides practical fire safety principles that can be applied in any work environment. Readers will learn how to develop emergency action plans and fire prevention plans, implement effective alarm and detection systems and fire extinguishment systems, and develop a comprehensive fire program management plan that is in compliance with Federal Emergency Management Agency, Occupational Safety and Health Administration, Environmental Protection Agency, and National Fire Protection Association standards.