Physics of Bio-Molecules and Cells

Les Houches Session LXXV, 2-27 July 2001

Author: Henrik Flyvbjerg,Frank Jülicher,Pal Ormos,Francois David

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 3540457011

Category: Science

Page: 580

View: 5042

Aimed at those working to enter this rapidly developing field, this volume on biological physics is written in a pedagogical style by leading scientists giving explanations that take their starting point where any physicist can follow and end at the frontier of research in biological physics. These lectures describe the state-of-the-art physics of biomolecules and cells. In biological systems ranging from single biomolecules to entire cells and larger biological systems, it focuses on aspects that require concepts and methods from physics for their analysis and understanding, such as the mechanics of motor proteins; how the genetic code is physically read and managed; the machinery of protein--DNA interactions; force spectroscopy of biomolecules' velopes, cytoskeletons, and cytoplasms; polymerization forces; listeria propulsion; cell motility; lab-on-a-chip nanotechnology for single-molecule analysis of biomolecules; bioinformatics; and coding and computational strategies of the brain.

Adsorption, Ion Exchange and Catalysis

Design of Operations and Environmental Applications

Author: Stavros G. Poulopoulos,Vassilis J. Inglezakis

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 9780080463667

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 614

View: 6952

Adsorption, Ion Exchange and Catalysis is essentially a mixture of environmental science and chemical reactor engineering. More specifically, three important heterogeneous processes, namely, adsorption, ion exchange and catalysis, are analysed, from fundamental kinetics to reactor design with emphasis on their environmental applications. In Chapter 1, the subject of air and water pollution is dealt with. Data about pollutants and emission sources are given and the treatment methods are shortly presented. In Chapter 2, the very basics and historical development of adsorption, ion exchange and catalysis are presented as well as their environmental applications. Chapter 3 is devoted to heterogeneous processes and reactor analysis. All types of reactors are described in depth and reactor modelling, hydraulics and mass/heat transfer phenomena are examined for each type of reactor. Chapters 4 and 5 are dedicated to adsorption & ion exchange and catalysis, respectively. The basic principles are presented including kinetics, equilibrium, mass/heat transfer phenomena as well as the analytical solutions of the reactor models presented in Chapter 3. In the sixth chapter, the subject of scale up is approached. The two Annexes at the end of the book contain physical properties of substances of environmental interest as well as unit conversion tables. Finally, nearly all the examples contained are based on real experimental data found in literature with environmental interest. Most of the examples consider all aspects of operation design – kinetics, hydraulics and mass transfer. * Provides basic knowledge of major environmental problems and connects them to chemical engineering

Reviews in Computational Chemistry

Author: Kenny B. Lipkowitz,Raima Larter,Thomas R. Cundari

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 0471720887

Category: Science

Page: 472

View: 6915

REVIEWS IN COMPUTATIONAL CHEMISTRY Kenny B. Lipkowitz, Raima Larter, and Thomas R. Cundari This volume, like those prior to it, features chapters by expertsin various fields of computational chemistry. TOPICS COVERED INVolume 21 iNCLUDE AB INITIO QUANTUM SIMULATION IN SOLID STATECHEMISTRY; MOLECULAR QUANTUM SIMILARITY; ENUMERATING MOLECULES;VARIABLE SELECTION; BIOMOLECULAR APPLICATIONS OF POISSON-BOLTZMANNMETHODS; AND DATA SOURCES AND COMPUTATIONAL APPROACHES FORGENERATING MODELS OF GENE REGULATORY NETWORKS. FROM REVIEWS OF THE SERIES "Reviews in Computational Chemistry remains the most valuablereference to methods and techniques in computationalchemistry." --JOURNAL OF MOLECULAR GRAPHICS AND MODELLING "One cannot generally do better than to try to find an appropriatearticle in the highly successful Reviews in ComputationalChemistry. The basic philosophy of the editors seems to be to helpthe authors produce chapters that are complete, accurate, clear,and accessible to experimentalists (in particular) and othernonspecialists (in general)." --JOURNAL OF THE AMERICAN CHEMICAL SOCIETY

Methods to Access Quality and Stability of Oils and Fat-Containing Foods

Author: Kathleen Warner,Neason Akivah Michael Eskin

Publisher: The American Oil Chemists Society

ISBN: 9780935315585

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 220

View: 9385

Methods to Assess Quality and Stability of Oils and Fat-Containing Foods is a valuable and unique resource for food scientists and oil chemists, a welcome addition to the libraries of scientists working in product development and quality control.

Handbook of Optical Materials

Author: Marvin J. Weber

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 9780849335129

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 536

View: 3332

For years scientists turned to the CRC Handbook of Laser Science & Technology for reliable data on optical materials. Out of print for several years, that standard-setting work now has a successor: the Handbook of Optical Materials. This new handbook is an authoritative compilation of the physical properties of materials used in all types of lasers and optical systems. In it, scientist, author, and editor Dr. Marvin J. Weber provides extensive data tabulations and references for the most important optical materials, including crystals, glasses, polymers, metals, liquids, and gases. The properties detailed include both linear and nonlinear optical properties, mechanical properties, thermal properties together with many additional special properties, such as electro-, magneto-, and elasto-optic properties. Using a minimum of narration and logically organized by material properties, the handbook's unique presentation simplifies the process of comparing different materials for their suitability in particular applications. Appendices furnish a wealth of other useful information, including lists of the many abbreviations and acronyms that proliferate in this field. The Handbook of Optical Materials is simply the most complete one-stop source available for materials data essential to lasers and optical systems.

CRC Handbook of Chemistry and Physics, 96th Edition

Author: William M. Haynes

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 1482260972

Category: Science

Page: 2677

View: 8542

Proudly serving the scientific community for over a century, this 96th edition of the CRC Handbook of Chemistry and Physics is an update of a classic reference, mirroring the growth and direction of science. This venerable work continues to be the most accessed and respected scientific reference in the world. An authoritative resource consisting of tables of data and current international recommendations on nomenclature, symbols, and units, its usefulness spans not only the physical sciences but also related areas of biology, geology, and environmental science. The 96th edition of the Handbook includes 18 new or updated tables along with other updates and expansions. A new series highlighting the achievements of some of the major historical figures in chemistry and physics was initiated with the 94th edition. This series is continued with this edition, which is focused on Lord Kelvin, Michael Faraday, John Dalton, and Robert Boyle. This series, which provides biographical information, a list of major achievements, and notable quotations attributed to each of the renowned chemists and physicists, will be continued in succeeding editions. Each edition will feature two chemists and two physicists. The 96th edition now includes a complimentary eBook with purchase of the print version. This reference puts physical property data and mathematical formulas used in labs and classrooms every day within easy reach. New Tables: Section 1: Basic Constants, Units, and Conversion Factors Descriptive Terms for Solubility Section 8: Analytical Chemistry Stationary Phases for Porous Layer Open Tubular Columns Coolants for Cryotrapping Instability of HPLC Solvents Chlorine-Bromine Combination Isotope Intensities Section 16: Health and Safety Information Materials Compatible with and Resistant to 72 Percent Perchloric Acid Relative Dose Ranges from Ionizing Radiation Updated and Expanded Tables Section 6: Fluid Properties Sublimation Pressure of Solids Vapor Pressure of Fluids at Temperatures Below 300 K Section 7: Biochemistry Structure and Functions of Some Common Drugs Section 9: Molecular Structure and Spectroscopy Bond Dissociation Energies Section 11: Nuclear and Particle Physics Summary Tables of Particle Properties Table of the Isotopes Section 14: Geophysics, Astronomy, and Acoustics Major World Earthquakes Atmospheric Concentration of Carbon Dioxide, 1958-2014 Global Temperature Trend, 1880-2014 Section 15: Practical Laboratory Data Dependence of Boiling Point on Pressure Section 16: Health and Safety Information Threshold Limits for Airborne Contaminants

The Aviation security problem and related technologies

proceedings of a conference held 19-20 July 1992, San Diego, California

Author: Wagih H. Makky,Society of Photo-optical Instrumentation Engineers,Federal Aviation Administration Technical Center (U.S.). Aviation Security Research & Development Service

Publisher: Society of Photo Optical


Category: Political Science

Page: 230

View: 7136


Modern techniques in electroanalysis

Author: P. Vanýsek

Publisher: Wiley-Interscience

ISBN: 9780471555148

Category: Science

Page: 369

View: 4384

A number of specialists present a cross section of new topics on electroanalysis filling gaps in the current literature and covering the solid state approach. This includes the use of vacuum surface techniques and atomic force microscopy.

Two-phase flow and heat transfer, 1992

presented at the 28th National Heat Transfer Conference and Exhibition, San Diego, California, August 9-12, 1992

Author: J. H. Kim,R. A. Nelson,A. Hashemi,American Society of Mechanical Engineers. Heat Transfer Division

Publisher: Amer Society of Mechanical


Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 223

View: 5285