Handbook of Discrete and Combinatorial Mathematics

Author: Kenneth H. Rosen

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 135164405X

Category: Mathematics

Page: 1612

View: 3068

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Handbook of Discrete and Combinatorial Mathematics provides a comprehensive reference volume for mathematicians, computer scientists, engineers, as well as students and reference librarians. The material is presented so that key information can be located and used quickly and easily. Each chapter includes a glossary. Individual topics are covered in sections and subsections within chapters, each of which is organized into clearly identifiable parts: definitions, facts, and examples. Examples are provided to illustrate some of the key definitions, facts, and algorithms. Some curious and entertaining facts and puzzles are also included. Readers will also find an extensive collection of biographies. This second edition is a major revision. It includes extensive additions and updates. Since the first edition appeared in 1999, many new discoveries have been made and new areas have grown in importance, which are covered in this edition.

Handbook of Discrete and Computational Geometry, Third Edition

Author: Csaba D. Toth,Joseph O'Rourke,Jacob E. Goodman

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 1351645919

Category: Computers

Page: 1928

View: 8224

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The Handbook of Discrete and Computational Geometry is intended as a reference book fully accessible to nonspecialists as well as specialists, covering all major aspects of both fields. The book offers the most important results and methods in discrete and computational geometry to those who use them in their work, both in the academic world—as researchers in mathematics and computer science—and in the professional world—as practitioners in ?elds as diverse as operations research, molecular biology, and robotics. Discrete geometry has contributed signi?cantly to the growth of discrete mathematics in recent years. This has been fueled partly by the advent of powerful computers and by the recent explosion of activity in the relatively young ?eld of computational geometry. This synthesis between discrete and computational geometry lies at the heart of this Handbook. A growing list of application fields includes combinatorial optimization, computer-aided design, computer graphics, crystallography, data analysis, error-correcting codes, geographic information systems, motion planning, operations research, pattern recognition, robotics, solid modeling, and tomography.

Handbook of Linear Algebra, Second Edition

Author: Leslie Hogben

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 1498785603

Category: Mathematics

Page: 1904

View: 1368

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With a substantial amount of new material, the Handbook of Linear Algebra, Second Edition provides comprehensive coverage of linear algebra concepts, applications, and computational software packages in an easy-to-use format. It guides you from the very elementary aspects of the subject to the frontiers of current research. Along with revisions and updates throughout, the second edition of this bestseller includes 20 new chapters. New to the Second Edition Separate chapters on Schur complements, additional types of canonical forms, tensors, matrix polynomials, matrix equations, special types of matrices, generalized inverses, matrices over finite fields, invariant subspaces, representations of quivers, and spectral sets New chapters on combinatorial matrix theory topics, such as tournaments, the minimum rank problem, and spectral graph theory, as well as numerical linear algebra topics, including algorithms for structured matrix computations, stability of structured matrix computations, and nonlinear eigenvalue problems More chapters on applications of linear algebra, including epidemiology and quantum error correction New chapter on using the free and open source software system Sage for linear algebra Additional sections in the chapters on sign pattern matrices and applications to geometry Conjectures and open problems in most chapters on advanced topics Highly praised as a valuable resource for anyone who uses linear algebra, the first edition covered virtually all aspects of linear algebra and its applications. This edition continues to encompass the fundamentals of linear algebra, combinatorial and numerical linear algebra, and applications of linear algebra to various disciplines while also covering up-to-date software packages for linear algebra computations.

Handbook of Graph Theory, Second Edition

Author: Jonathan L. Gross,Jay Yellen,Ping Zhang

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 1439880182

Category: Mathematics

Page: 1630

View: 1716

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In the ten years since the publication of the best-selling first edition, more than 1,000 graph theory papers have been published each year. Reflecting these advances, Handbook of Graph Theory, Second Edition provides comprehensive coverage of the main topics in pure and applied graph theory. This second edition—over 400 pages longer than its predecessor—incorporates 14 new sections. Each chapter includes lists of essential definitions and facts, accompanied by examples, tables, remarks, and, in some cases, conjectures and open problems. A bibliography at the end of each chapter provides an extensive guide to the research literature and pointers to monographs. In addition, a glossary is included in each chapter as well as at the end of each section. This edition also contains notes regarding terminology and notation. With 34 new contributors, this handbook is the most comprehensive single-source guide to graph theory. It emphasizes quick accessibility to topics for non-experts and enables easy cross-referencing among chapters.

Discrete Mathematics with Proof

Author: Eric Gossett

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 0470457937

Category: Mathematics

Page: 904

View: 4936

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"Discrete mathematics has become increasingly popular in recent years due to its growing applications in the field of computer science. - Discrete Mathematics with Proof, Second Edition continues to facilitate an up-to-date understanding of this important topic, exposing readers to a wide range of modern and technological applications. Assuming only a basic background in calculus, Discrete Mathematics with Proof, Second Edition is an excellent book for mathematics and computer science courses at the undergraduate level. - It is also a valuable resource for professionals in various technical fields who would like an introduction to discrete mathematics."--Jacket.

Handbook of Product Graphs, Second Edition

Author: Richard Hammack,Wilfried Imrich,Sandi Klavžar

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 1439813051

Category: Computers

Page: 536

View: 2552

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Handbook of Product Graphs, Second Edition examines the dichotomy between the structure of products and their subgraphs. It also features the design of efficient algorithms that recognize products and their subgraphs and explores the relationship between graph parameters of the product and factors. Extensively revised and expanded, the handbook presents full proofs of many important results as well as up-to-date research and conjectures. Results and Algorithms New to the Second Edition: Cancellation results A quadratic recognition algorithm for partial cubes Results on the strong isometric dimension Computing the Wiener index via canonical isometric embedding Connectivity results A fractional version of Hedetniemi’s conjecture Results on the independence number of Cartesian powers of vertex-transitive graphs Verification of Vizing’s conjecture for chordal graphs Results on minimum cycle bases Numerous selected recent results, such as complete minors and nowhere-zero flows The second edition of this classic handbook provides a thorough introduction to the subject and an extensive survey of the field. The first three parts of the book cover graph products in detail. The authors discuss algebraic properties, such as factorization and cancellation, and explore interesting and important classes of subgraphs. The fourth part presents algorithms for the recognition of products and related classes of graphs. The final two parts focus on graph invariants and infinite, directed, and product-like graphs. Sample implementations of selected algorithms and other information are available on the book’s website, which can be reached via the authors’ home pages.

A Beginner's Guide to Discrete Mathematics

Author: W.D. Wallis

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9780817682866

Category: Mathematics

Page: 427

View: 3903

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Wallis's book on discrete mathematics is a resource for an introductory course in a subject fundamental to both mathematics and computer science, a course that is expected not only to cover certain specific topics but also to introduce students to important modes of thought specific to each discipline . . . Lower-division undergraduates through graduate students. —Choice reviews (Review of the First Edition) Very appropriately entitled as a 'beginner's guide', this textbook presents itself as the first exposure to discrete mathematics and rigorous proof for the mathematics or computer science student. —Zentralblatt Math (Review of the First Edition) This second edition of A Beginner’s Guide to Discrete Mathematics presents a detailed guide to discrete mathematics and its relationship to other mathematical subjects including set theory, probability, cryptography, graph theory, and number theory. This textbook has a distinctly applied orientation and explores a variety of applications. Key Features of the second edition: * Includes a new chapter on the theory of voting as well as numerous new examples and exercises throughout the book * Introduces functions, vectors, matrices, number systems, scientific notations, and the representation of numbers in computers * Provides examples which then lead into easy practice problems throughout the text and full exercise at the end of each chapter * Full solutions for practice problems are provided at the end of the book This text is intended for undergraduates in mathematics and computer science, however, featured special topics and applications may also interest graduate students.

Handbook of Combinatorial Designs, Second Edition

Author: Charles J. Colbourn,Jeffrey H. Dinitz

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 9781439832349

Category: Mathematics

Page: 1016

View: 5414

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Continuing in the bestselling, informative tradition of the first edition, the Handbook of Combinatorial Designs, Second Edition remains the only resource to contain all of the most important results and tables in the field of combinatorial design. This handbook covers the constructions, properties, and applications of designs as well as existence results. Over 30% longer than the first edition, the book builds upon the groundwork of its predecessor while retaining the original contributors' expertise. The first part contains a brief introduction and history of the subject. The following parts focus on four main classes of combinatorial designs: balanced incomplete block designs, orthogonal arrays and Latin squares, pairwise balanced designs, and Hadamard and orthogonal designs. Closely connected to the preceding sections, the next part surveys 65 additional classes of designs, such as balanced ternary, factorial, graphical, Howell, quasi-symmetric, and spherical. The final part presents mathematical and computational background related to design theory. New to the Second Edition An introductory part that provides a general overview and a historical perspective of the area New chapters on the history of design theory, various codes, bent functions, and numerous types of designs Fully updated tables, including BIBDs, MOLS, PBDs, and Hadamard matrices Nearly 2,200 references in a single bibliographic section Meeting the need for up-to-date and accessible tabular and reference information, this handbook provides the tools to understand combinatorial design theory and applications that span the entire discipline. The author maintains a website with more information.

Handbook of Geometric Constraint Systems Principles

Author: Meera Sitharam,Audrey St. John,Jessica Sidman

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 1351647431

Category: Mathematics

Page: 578

View: 5453

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The Handbook of Geometric Constraint Systems Principles is an entry point to the currently used principal mathematical and computational tools and techniques of the geometric constraint system (GCS). It functions as a single source containing the core principles and results, accessible to both beginners and experts. The handbook provides a guide for students learning basic concepts, as well as experts looking to pinpoint specific results or approaches in the broad landscape. As such, the editors created this handbook to serve as a useful tool for navigating the varied concepts, approaches and results found in GCS research. Key Features: A comprehensive reference handbook authored by top researchers Includes fundamentals and techniques from multiple perspectives that span several research communities Provides recent results and a graded program of open problems and conjectures Can be used for senior undergraduate or graduate topics course introduction to the area Detailed list of figures and tables About the Editors: Meera Sitharam is currently an Associate Professor at the University of Florida’s Department of Computer & Information Science and Engineering. She received her Ph.D. at the University of Wisconsin, Madison. Audrey St. John is an Associate Professor of Computer Science at Mount Holyoke College, who received her Ph. D. from UMass Amherst. Jessica Sidman is a Professor of Mathematics on the John S. Kennedy Foundation at Mount Holyoke College. She received her Ph.D. from the University of Michigan.

Diskrete Mathematik

Author: László Lovász,József Pelikan,Katalin Vesztergombi

Publisher: Springer-Verlag

ISBN: 3540275533

Category: Mathematics

Page: 362

View: 2794

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Die diskrete Mathematik ist im Begriff, zu einem der wichtigsten Gebiete der mathematischen Forschung zu werden mit Anwendungen in der Kryptographie, der linearen Programmierung, der Kodierungstheorie und Informatik. Dieses Buch richtet sich an Studenten der Mathematik und Informatik, die ein Gefühl dafür entwickeln möchten, worum es in der Mathematik geht, wobei Mathematik hilfreich sein kann, und mit welcher Art Fragen sich Mathematiker auseinandersetzen. Die Autoren stellen eine Anzahl ausgewählter Ergebnisse und Methoden der diskreten Mathematik vor, hauptsächlich aus den Bereichen Kombinatorik und Graphentheorie, teilweise aber auch aus der Zahlentheorie, der Wahrscheinlichkeitsrechnung und der kombinatorischen Geometrie.Wo immer es möglich war, haben die Autoren Beweise und Problemlösungen verwendet, um den Studenten zu helfen, die Lösungen der Fragestellungen zu verstehen. Zusätzlich ist eine Vielzahl von Beispielen, Bildern und Übungsaufgaben über das Buch verteilt. László Lovász ist einer der Leiter der theoretischen Forschungsabteilung der Microsoft Corporation. Er hat 1999 den Wolf-Preis sowie den Gödel-Preis für die beste wissenschaftliche Veröffentlichung in der Informatik erhalten. József Pelikán ist Professor am Institut für Algebra und Zahlentheorie der Eötvös Loránd Universität in Budapest. Katalin Vesztergombi ist Senior Lecturer am Fachbereich Mathematik der Universität von Washington in Seattle.

Discrete Mathematics

Proofs, Structures and Applications, Third Edition

Author: Rowan Garnier,John Taylor

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 1439812802

Category: Mathematics

Page: 843

View: 3791

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Taking an approach to the subject that is suitable for a broad readership, Discrete Mathematics: Proofs, Structures, and Applications, Third Edition provides a rigorous yet accessible exposition of discrete mathematics, including the core mathematical foundation of computer science. The approach is comprehensive yet maintains an easy-to-follow progression from the basic mathematical ideas to the more sophisticated concepts examined later in the book. This edition preserves the philosophy of its predecessors while updating and revising some of the content. New to the Third Edition In the expanded first chapter, the text includes a new section on the formal proof of the validity of arguments in propositional logic before moving on to predicate logic. This edition also contains a new chapter on elementary number theory and congruences. This chapter explores groups that arise in modular arithmetic and RSA encryption, a widely used public key encryption scheme that enables practical and secure means of encrypting data. This third edition also offers a detailed solutions manual for qualifying instructors. Exploring the relationship between mathematics and computer science, this text continues to provide a secure grounding in the theory of discrete mathematics and to augment the theoretical foundation with salient applications. It is designed to help readers develop the rigorous logical thinking required to adapt to the demands of the ever-evolving discipline of computer science.

The Mathematics of Chip-Firing

Author: Caroline J. Klivans

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 1351801007

Category: Computers

Page: 296

View: 5817

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The Mathematics of Chip-firing is a solid introduction and overview of the growing field of chip-firing. It offers an appreciation for the richness and diversity of the subject. Chip-firing refers to a discrete dynamical system — a commodity is exchanged between sites of a network according to very simple local rules. Although governed by local rules, the long-term global behavior of the system reveals fascinating properties. The Fundamental properties of chip-firing are covered from a variety of perspectives. This gives the reader both a broad context of the field and concrete entry points from different backgrounds. Broken into two sections, the first examines the fundamentals of chip-firing, while the second half presents more general frameworks for chip-firing. Instructors and students will discover that this book provides a comprehensive background to approaching original sources. Features: Provides a broad introduction for researchers interested in the subject of chip-firing The text includes historical and current perspectives Exercises included at the end of each chapter About the Author: Caroline J. Klivans received a BA degree in mathematics from Cornell University and a PhD in applied mathematics from MIT. Currently, she is an Associate Professor in the Division of Applied Mathematics at Brown University. She is also an Associate Director of ICERM (Institute for Computational and Experimental Research in Mathematics). Before coming to Brown she held positions at MSRI, Cornell and the University of Chicago. Her research is in algebraic, geometric and topological combinatorics.

Discrete and Combinatorial Mathematics

An Applied Introduction

Author: Ralph P. Grimaldi

Publisher: Pearson College Division

ISBN: N.A

Category: Mathematics

Page: 980

View: 9867

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This text is organised into 4 main parts - discrete mathematics, graph theory, modern algebra and combinatorics (flexible modular structuring). It includes a large variety of elementary problems allowing students to establish skills as they practice.

Graph Theory, Combinatorics and Algorithms

Interdisciplinary Applications

Author: Martin Charles Golumbic,Irith Ben-Arroyo Hartman

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 0387250360

Category: Mathematics

Page: 292

View: 874

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Graph Theory, Combinatorics and Algorithms: Interdisciplinary Applications focuses on discrete mathematics and combinatorial algorithms interacting with real world problems in computer science, operations research, applied mathematics and engineering. The book contains eleven chapters written by experts in their respective fields, and covers a wide spectrum of high-interest problems across these discipline domains. Among the contributing authors are Richard Karp of UC Berkeley and Robert Tarjan of Princeton; both are at the pinnacle of research scholarship in Graph Theory and Combinatorics. The chapters from the contributing authors focus on "real world" applications, all of which will be of considerable interest across the areas of Operations Research, Computer Science, Applied Mathematics, and Engineering. These problems include Internet congestion control, high-speed communication networks, multi-object auctions, resource allocation, software testing, data structures, etc. In sum, this is a book focused on major, contemporary problems, written by the top research scholars in the field, using cutting-edge mathematical and computational techniques.

Discrete Mathematics

Author: Norman Biggs

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 9780198507178

Category: Computers

Page: 425

View: 1156

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The long-awaited second edition of Norman Bigg's best-selling Discrete Mathematics includes new chapters on statements and proof, logical framework, natural numbers and the integers, in addition to updated chapters from the previous edition. Carefully structured, coherent and comprehensive, each chapter contains tailored exercises and solutions to selected questions and miscellaneous exercises are presented throughout. This is an invaluable text for students seeking a clear introduction to discrete mathematics, graph theory, combinatorics, number theory and abstract algebra.Key Features:* Contains nine new introductory chapters, in addition to updated chapters from the previous edition* Contains over 1000 individual exercises and selected solutions* Companion website www.oup.com/mathematics/discretemath contains hints and solutions to all exercisesContents:The Language of Mathematics1. Statements and proofs2. Set notation3. The logical framework4. Natural numbers5. Functions6. How to count 7. Integers8. Divisibility and prime numbers9. Fractions and real numbersTechniques10. Principles of counting11. Subsets and designs12. Partition, classification and distribution13. Modular arithmeticAlgorithms and Graphs14. Algorithms and their efficiency15. Graphs16. Trees, sorting and searching17. Bipartite graphs and matching problems18. Digraphs, networks and flows19. Recursive techniquesAlgebraic Methods20. Groups21. Groups of permutations22. Rings, fields and polynomials23. Finite fields and some applications24. Error-correcting codes25. Generating functions26. Partitions of a positive integer27. Symmetry and counting

Introduction to Combinatorial Designs, Second Edition

Author: W.D. Wallis

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 1584888393

Category: Mathematics

Page: 328

View: 3196

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Combinatorial theory is one of the fastest growing areas of modern mathematics. Focusing on a major part of this subject, Introduction to Combinatorial Designs, Second Edition provides a solid foundation in the classical areas of design theory as well as in more contemporary designs based on applications in a variety of fields. After an overview of basic concepts, the text introduces balanced designs and finite geometries. The author then delves into balanced incomplete block designs, covering difference methods, residual and derived designs, and resolvability. Following a chapter on the existence theorem of Bruck, Ryser, and Chowla, the book discusses Latin squares, one-factorizations, triple systems, Hadamard matrices, and Room squares. It concludes with a number of statistical applications of designs. Reflecting recent results in design theory and outlining several applications, this new edition of a standard text presents a comprehensive look at the combinatorial theory of experimental design. Suitable for a one-semester course or for self-study, it will prepare readers for further exploration in the field. To access supplemental materials for this volume, visit the author’s website at http://www.math.siu.edu/Wallis/designs

Combinatorics of Permutations, Second Edition

Author: Miklos Bona

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 1439850526

Category: Computers

Page: 478

View: 8102

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A Unified Account of Permutations in Modern Combinatorics A 2006 CHOICE Outstanding Academic Title, the first edition of this bestseller was lauded for its detailed yet engaging treatment of permutations. Providing more than enough material for a one-semester course, Combinatorics of Permutations, Second Edition continues to clearly show the usefulness of this subject for both students and researchers and is recommended for undergraduate libraries by the MAA. Expanded Chapters Much of the book has been significantly revised and extended. This edition includes a new section on alternating permutations and new material on multivariate applications of the exponential formula. It also discusses several important results in pattern avoidance as well as the concept of asymptotically normal distributions. New Chapter An entirely new chapter focuses on three sorting algorithms from molecular biology. This emerging area of combinatorics is known for its easily stated and extremely difficult problems, which sometimes can be solved using deep techniques from seemingly remote branches of mathematics. Additional Exercises and Problems All chapters in the second edition have more exercises and problems. Exercises are marked according to level of difficulty and many of the problems encompass results from the last eight years.

A Course in Combinatorics

Author: J. H. van Lint,R. M. Wilson

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1139430637

Category: Mathematics

Page: N.A

View: 3467

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This is the second edition of a popular book on combinatorics, a subject dealing with ways of arranging and distributing objects, and which involves ideas from geometry, algebra and analysis. The breadth of the theory is matched by that of its applications, which include topics as diverse as codes, circuit design and algorithm complexity. It has thus become essential for workers in many scientific fields to have some familiarity with the subject. The authors have tried to be as comprehensive as possible, dealing in a unified manner with, for example, graph theory, extremal problems, designs, colorings and codes. The depth and breadth of the coverage make the book a unique guide to the whole of the subject. The book is ideal for courses on combinatorical mathematics at the advanced undergraduate or beginning graduate level. Working mathematicians and scientists will also find it a valuable introduction and reference.

Introduction to Combinatorics, Second Edition

Author: Walter D. Wallis,John C. George

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 1498777635

Category: Mathematics

Page: 444

View: 6842

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What Is Combinatorics Anyway? Broadly speaking, combinatorics is the branch of mathematics dealing with different ways of selecting objects from a set or arranging objects. It tries to answer two major kinds of questions, namely, counting questions: how many ways can a selection or arrangement be chosen with a particular set of properties; and structural questions: does there exist a selection or arrangement of objects with a particular set of properties? The authors have presented a text for students at all levels of preparation. For some, this will be the first course where the students see several real proofs. Others will have a good background in linear algebra, will have completed the calculus stream, and will have started abstract algebra. The text starts by briefly discussing several examples of typical combinatorial problems to give the reader a better idea of what the subject covers. The next chapters explore enumerative ideas and also probability. It then moves on to enumerative functions and the relations between them, and generating functions and recurrences., Important families of functions, or numbers and then theorems are presented. Brief introductions to computer algebra and group theory come next. Structures of particular interest in combinatorics: posets, graphs, codes, Latin squares, and experimental designs follow. The authors conclude with further discussion of the interaction between linear algebra and combinatorics. Features Two new chapters on probability and posets. Numerous new illustrations, exercises, and problems. More examples on current technology use A thorough focus on accuracy Three appendices: sets, induction and proof techniques, vectors and matrices, and biographies with historical notes, Flexible use of MapleTM and MathematicaTM