Handbook of hydrology

Author: David R. Maidment

Publisher: McGraw-Hill Professional

ISBN: 9780070397323

Category: Science

Page: 1424

View: 415

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An all-inclusive reference covering all practical aspects of hydrology. Twenty-nine chapters in four major sections: I. Hydrologic Cycle; II. Hydrologic Transport; III. Hydrologic Statistics; IV. Hydrologic Technology. 500 illustrations.

Hydrology Handbook

Second Edition

Author: Task Committee on Hydrology Handbook

Publisher: ASCE Publications

ISBN: 9780784401385

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 824

View: 9360

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This new edition of the Hydrology Handbook (Manual No. 28) incorporates the many changes and advances that have occurred in the areas of planning, development, and management of water resources since the publication of the original manual in 1949. The first six chapters, Chapters 2 through 7, relate to the natural phenomena in the hydrologic cycle, while the next three chapters describe the predictions and effects of the phenomena previously described. The final chapter reviews the applications of hydrology starting with study formulation, then reviews data management, then discusses calibration and verification of hydrologic models, and concludes with accessing accuracy and reliability of results. With this new edition, academic and practicing hydrologists have a thorough and up-to-date guide to the field of hydrologic engineering.

Handbook of Engineering Hydrology

Fundamentals and Applications

Author: Saeid Eslamian

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 1466552441

Category: Science

Page: 636

View: 760

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While most books only examine the classical aspects of hydrology, the three-volume set covers multiple aspects of hydrology, and includes contributions from experts from more than 30 countries. It examines new approaches, addresses growing concerns about hydrological and ecological connectivity, and considers the worldwide impact of climate change. It also provides updated material on hydrological science and engineering, discussing recent developments as well as classic approaches. Published in three books, Fundamentals and Applications; Modeling, Climate Change, and Variability; and Environmental Hydrology and Water Management, the entire set consists of 87 chapters, and contains 29 chapters in each book. The chapters in this book contain information on: Long-term generation of scheduling of hydro plants, check dam selection procedures in rainwater harvesting, and stochastic reservoir analysis Ecohydrology for engineering harmony in the changing world, concepts, and plant water use Conjunctive use of groundwater and surface water Hydrologic and hydraulic design in green infrastructure Data processing in hydrology, optimum hydrometric site selection and quality control, and homogenization of climatological series Cold region hydrology, evapotranspiration, and water consumption Modern flood prediction and warning systems, and satellite-based systems for flood monitoring and warning Catchment water yield estimation, hydrograph analysis and base flow separation, and low flow hydrology Sustainability in urban water systems and urban hydrology Students, practitioners, policy makers, consultants and researchers can benefit from the use of this text.

Introduction to Physical Hydrology

Author: Martin Hendriks

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0199296847

Category: Science

Page: 331

View: 8685

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Introduction to Physical Hydrology provides a solid grounding in the principles of the subject. Exploring the principal rules that govern the flow of water on the land, it considers the three major types of water: atmospheric, ground, and soil. It gives insights into the major hydrologicalprocesses, and shows how the principles of physical hydrology inform our understanding of climate and global hydrology - the large-scale study of hydrology with which we need to grapple to fully understand the impact of the climate on water supply.The study of physical properties is done most effectively through mathematical representations of concepts and processes. Introduction to Physical Hydrology includes a carefully-developed and class-tested learning framework: an extensive range of examples and exercises, and further maths support inthe form of a series of Maths Toolboxes help the reader engage with and understand the maths required to master the subject.With hydrology now being approached from environmental and social perspectives, in addition to the more traditional physical geography and civil engineering perspectives, there has never been a more important time to develop a sound understanding of the subject. Introduction to Physical Hydrology isthe perfect course companion while you develop this understanding.

Handbook of Applied Hydrology, Second Edition

Author: Vijay P. Singh

Publisher: McGraw Hill Professional

ISBN: 0071835105

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 1808

View: 6825

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Fully Updated Hydrology Principles, Methods, and Applications Thoroughly revised for the first time in 50 years, this industry-standard resource features chapter contributions from a “who’s who” of international hydrology experts. Compiled by a colleague of the late Dr. Chow, Chow’s Handbook of Applied Hydrology, Second Edition, covers scientific and engineering fundamentals and presents all-new methods, processes, and technologies. Complete details are provided for the full range of ecosystems and models. Advanced chapters look to the future of hydrology, including climate change impacts, extraterrestrial water, social hydrology, and water security. Chow’s Handbook of Applied Hydrology, Second Edition, covers: · The Fundamentals of Hydrology · Data Collection and Processing · Hydrology Methods · Hydrologic Processes and Modeling · Sediment and Pollutant Transport · Hydrometeorologic and Hydrologic Extremes · Systems Hydrology · Hydrology of Large River and Lake Basins · Applications and Design · The Future of Hydrology

Assessing the National Streamflow Information Program

Author: National Research Council,Division on Earth and Life Studies,Water Science and Technology Board,Committee on Review of the USGS National Streamflow Information Program

Publisher: National Academies Press

ISBN: 9780309166249

Category: Science

Page: 176

View: 7703

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From warning the public of impending floods to settling legal arguments over water rights, the measurement of streamflow (“streamgagingâ€) plays a vital role in our society. Having good information about how much water is moving through our streams helps provide citizens with drinking water during droughts, control water pollution, and protect wildlife along our stream corridors. The U.S. Geological Survey’s (USGS) streamgaging program provides such information to a wide variety of users interested in human safety, recreation, water quality, habitat, industry, agriculture, and other topics. For regional and national scale streamflow information needs, the USGS has created a National Streamflow Information Program (NSIP). In addition to streamgaging, the USGS envisions intensive data collection during floods and droughts, national assessments of streamflow characteristics, enhanced information delivery, and methods development and research. The overall goals of the program are to: meet legal and treaty obligations on interstate and international waters, support flow forecasting; measure river basin outflows, monitor sentinel watersheds for long-term trends in natural flows, and measure flows for water quality needs. But are these the right topics to collect data on? Or is the USGS on the wrong track? In general, the book is supportive of the design and content of NSIP, including its goals and methodology for choosing stream gages for inclusion in the program. It sees the ultimate goal of NSIP as developing the ability to use existing data-gathering sites to generate streamflow information with quantitative confidence limits at any location in the nation. It is just as important to have good measurements during droughts as during floods, and it therefore recommends supporting Natural Resource Conservation Service forecast sites in addition to those of the National Weather Service.

Guide to Bridge Hydraulics

Author: Transportation Association of Canada

Publisher: Thomas Telford

ISBN: 9780727732620

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 181

View: 4531

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Floods and erosion continue to be the significant causes of bridge damage and failures worldwide.They are also a key consideration in bridge design construction and maintenance. Growing concern over the security of bridges against the action of water has led to extensive re-evaluation of existing foundations.This new edition of the Guide to Bridge Hydraulics has been extensively revised and expanded to provide the latest developments on: * a new chapter on construction, inspection and maintenance * additional sections on river flow hydraulics, fish passage, floating ice and debris, alluvial fans, and debris torrents * more in-depth information on hydrology, scour estimation and riprap design * extensive comments concerning environmental issues * new text on the evaluation of existing bridgesPresented within this invaluable handbook are sections on basic hydraulic considerations, hydrologic estimates, waterway design and analysis, scour protection and channel control, hydraulic aspects of construction, inspection and maintenance and also special problems such as tidal crossings, waves and debris flow and torrents.This unique book is an important purchase for all those involved in bridge design, construction and maintenance, such as bridge owners, design offices, bridge consultants and construction equipment suppliers.Covering a wide range of topics, with detailed advice and guidance, in an area of little information on the subject, the Guide to Bridge Hydraulics is the essential publication in its field

Flood Issues in Contemporary Water Management

Author: J. Marsalek,W. Ed Watt,Evzen Zeman,Friedhelm Sieker

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9401141401

Category: Science

Page: 432

View: 4691

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In 1997 disastrous flooding running through the Czech Republic, Poland, Germany took the lives of a great number of people and caused economic damage estimated in tens of billions of dollars. Flooding of the Yangtze river in 1998 killed more than 3000 people, dislocated 230 million souls, and caused direct damage of more than $ 45 billion. Both the general public and the experts are asking what we can learn from these recent events to reduce loss of life and flood damage. The 1997 floods were dealt with by experts from the Czech Republic, Poland and Germany, who presented timely reports on combatting floods, both success stories and shortcomings. This experience is further extended by reports from experts drawn from 13 other countries, developing a broad overview of flood risk management, covering the ecosystem approach to flood management, including socioeconomic issues, flood impacts on water quality, human health, and natural ecosystems.

Hydrodynamics and Transport for Water Quality Modeling

Author: James L. Martin,Steven C. McCutcheon

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 9780873716123

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 816

View: 7904

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Hydrodynamics and Transport for Water Quality Modeling presents a complete overview of current methods used to describe or predict transport in aquatic systems, with special emphasis on water quality modeling. The book features detailed descriptions of each method, supported by sample applications and case studies drawn from the authors' years of experience in the field. Each chapter examines a variety of modeling approaches, from simple to complex. This unique text/reference offers a wealth of information previously unavailable from a single source. The book begins with an overview of basic principles, and an introduction to the measurement and analysis of flow. The following section focuses on rivers and streams, including model complexity and data requirements, methods for estimating mixing, hydrologic routing methods, and unsteady flow modeling. The third section considers lakes and reservoirs, and discusses stratification and temperature modeling, mixing methods, reservoir routing and water balances, and dynamic modeling using one-, two-, and three-dimensional models. The book concludes with a section on estuaries, containing topics such as origins and classification, tides, mixing methods, tidally averaged estuary models, and dynamic modeling. Over 250 figures support the text. This is a valuable guide for students and practicing modelers who do not have extensive backgrounds in fluid dynamics.

Handbook on the principles of hydrology

with special emphasis directed to Canadian conditions in the discussions, applications, and presentation of data

Author: Donald M. Gray

Publisher: Water Information Center Inc

ISBN: N.A

Category: Science

Page: 591

View: 6978

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Introduction to hydrology; Precipitation; Energy, evaporation and evapotranspiration; Interception; Infiltration and the physics of flow of water through porous media; Groundwater hydrology; Runoff-Rainfall-General; Peak flow - Rainfall events; Peak flow - Snowmelt events; Basin yield; Sediment transportation; Statistical methodos - Fitting frequency curves, regression analyses; Hydrology of land use.

The Rivers Handbook

Hydrological and Ecological Principles

Author: Peter P. Calow,Geoffrey E. Petts

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 144431386X

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 536

View: 8978

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Fast changing legislation and increasing environmental awarenesswithin the non-scientific community demands that the modernapproach to the management of rivers and water resources should bebased on a sound understanding and application of the scientificand ecological principles that underlie freshwater processes. Intwo volumes, The Rivers Handbook offers an expert andexhaustive insight into the principles, methods and tools of modernriver management - always within an integrated and environmentallyacceptable framework. This second volume develops the principlesand philosophies expounded in the first volume into the managementsphere, organizing the approach around problems, diagnosis andtreatment. A fully comprehensive reference to sound methods of modernriver management. The ideal information resource for all river managers.

Low Impact Development and Sustainable Stormwater Management

Author: Thomas H. Cahill

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1118202449

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 312

View: 6051

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Sustainable Stormwater Management introduces engineers and designers to ideas and methods for managing stormwater in a more ecologically sustainable fashion. It provides detailed information on the design process, engineering details and calculations, and construction concerns. Concepts are illustrated with real-world examples, complete with photographs. This guide integrates the perspectives of landscape architects, planners, and scientists for a multi-disciplinary approach. This is an enlightening reference for professionals working in stormwater management, from engineers and designers to developers to regulators, and a great text for college courses.

Unsaturated Soil Mechanics in Engineering Practice

Author: Delwyn G. Fredlund,Hendry Rahardjo,Murray D. Fredlund

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1118280504

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 944

View: 8150

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The definitive guide to unsaturated soil— from theworld's experts on the subject This book builds upon and substantially updates Fredlund andRahardjo's publication, Soil Mechanics for UnsaturatedSoils, the current standard in the field of unsaturated soils.It provides readers with more thorough coverage of the state of theart of unsaturated soil behavior and better reflects the manner inwhich practical unsaturated soil engineering problems are solved.Retaining the fundamental physics of unsaturated soil behaviorpresented in the earlier book, this new publication places greateremphasis on the importance of the "soil-water characteristic curve"in solving practical engineering problems, as well as thequantification of thermal and moisture boundary conditions based onthe use of weather data. Topics covered include: Theory to Practice of Unsaturated Soil Mechanics Nature and Phase Properties of Unsaturated Soil State Variables for Unsaturated Soils Measurement and Estimation of State Variables Soil-Water Characteristic Curves for Unsaturated Soils Ground Surface Moisture Flux Boundary Conditions Theory of Water Flow through Unsaturated Soils Solving Saturated/Unsaturated Water Flow Problems Air Flow through Unsaturated Soils Heat Flow Analysis for Unsaturated Soils Shear Strength of Unsaturated Soils Shear Strength Applications in Plastic and LimitEquilibrium Stress-Deformation Analysis for Unsaturated Soils Solving Stress-Deformation Problems with Unsaturated Soils Compressibility and Pore Pressure Parameters Consolidation and Swelling Processes in Unsaturated Soils Unsaturated Soil Mechanics in Engineering Practice isessential reading for geotechnical engineers, civil engineers, andundergraduate- and graduate-level civil engineering students with afocus on soil mechanics.

Handbook of Erosion Modelling

Author: R. P. C. Morgan,Mark Nearing

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 9781444348019

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 416

View: 9007

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The movement of sediment and associated pollutants over the landscape and into water bodies is of increasing concern with respect to pollution control, prevention of muddy floods and environmental protection. In addition, the loss of soil on site has implications for declining agricultural productivity, loss of biodiversity and decreased amenity and landscape value. The fate of sediment and the conservation of soil are important issues for land managers and decision-makers. In developing appropriate policies and solutions, managers and researchers are making greater use of erosion models to characterise the processes of erosion and their interaction with the landscape. A study of erosion requires one to think in terms of microseconds to understand the mechanics of impact of a single raindrop on a soil surface, while landscapes form over periods of thousands of years. These processes operate on scales of millimetres for single raindrops to mega-metres for continents. Erosion modelling thus covers quite a lot of ground. This book introduces the conceptual and mathematical frameworks used to formulate models of soil erosion and uses case studies to show how models are applied to a variety of purposes at a range of spatial and temporal scales. The aim is to provide land managers and others with the tools required to select a model appropriate to the type and scale of erosion problem, to show what users can expect in terms of accuracy of model predictions and to provide an appreciation of both the advantages and limitations of models. Problems covered include those arising from agriculture, the construction industry, pollution and climatic change and range in scale from farms to small and large catchments. The book will also be useful to students and research scientists as an up-to-date review of the state-of-art of erosion modelling and, through a knowledge of how models are used in practice, in highlighting the gaps in knowledge that need to be filled in order to develop even better models.

Hydrology in Practice, Fourth Edition

Author: Elizabeth M. Shaw,Keith J. Beven,Nick A. Chappell,Rob Lamb

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 0203030230

Category: Architecture

Page: 546

View: 9143

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Hydrology in Practice is an excellent and very successful introductory text for engineering hydrology students who go on to be practitioners in consultancies, the Environment Agency, and elsewhere. This fourth edition of Hydrology in Practice, while retaining all that is excellent about its predecessor, by Elizabeth M. Shaw, replaces the material on the Flood Studies Report with an equivalent section on the methods of the Flood Estimation Handbook and its revisions. Other completely revised sections on instrumentation and modelling reflect the many changes that have occurred over recent years. The updated text has taken advantage of the extensive practical experience of the staff of JBA Consulting who use the methods described on a day-to-day basis. Topical case studies further enhance the text and the way in which students at undergraduate and MSc level can relate to it. The fourth edition will also have a wider appeal outside the UK by including new material on hydrological processes, which also relate to courses in geography and environmental science departments. In this respect the book draws on the expertise of Keith J. Beven and Nick A. Chappell, who have extensive experience of field hydrological studies in a variety of different environments, and have taught undergraduate hydrology courses for many years. Second- and final-year undergraduate (and MSc) students of hydrology in engineering, environmental science, and geography departments across the globe, as well as professionals in environmental protection agencies and consultancies, will find this book invaluable. It is likely to be the course text for every undergraduate/MSc hydrology course in the UK and in many cases overseas too.

Snow and Glacier Hydrology

Author: P. Singh

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9780792367673

Category: Science

Page: 756

View: 5583

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This book provides an updated discussion of snow and glacier hydrology, drawing on the results of recent investigations. It serves as a source of reference at the senior undergraduate or beginning graduate level and stimulates further interest in this important part of the hydrologic cycle.