Hazard Analysis Techniques for System Safety

Author: Clifton A. Ericson, II

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1118940385

Category: Science

Page: 640

View: 6369

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This book explains, in detail, how to perform the most commonly used hazard analysis techniques employed by the system safety engineering discipline. The book also explains when and why to use each technique. The goal of this book is to explain each technique with sufficient detail and examples that the techniques can be easily understood and performed by the reader. The book is not overly technical, and can be easily understood by readers with a minimal amount of technical background. This book gathers the techniques safety analysts can apply into one reference source and describes them in a way that benefits both new and seasoned safety analysts. In addition, this book describes the three components that comprise a hazard, and how to use these components to recognized hazards during an analysis. It includes detailed examples that apply the methodology to everyday problems, making the concepts easier for the reader to grasp. The new edition updates the chapters with the latest information and includes new chapters on Concepts of Hazard Recognition, as well as chapters that address new techniques added in MIL-STD-882E and techniques that are becoming popular in different industries such as: Environmental Hazard Analysis, Process Hazard Analysis, Test Hazard Analysis, Job Hazard Analysis, and System of Systems Hazard Analysis

System Safety for the 21st Century

The Updated and Revised Edition of System Safety 2000

Author: Richard A. Stephans

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1118591526

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 416

View: 482

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Summarizes the current state of "front-end" risk-control techniques Many approaches to risk control are possible. However, only through careful reading, evaluation, and study can one make the best choice of a practical philosophy for a system safety program. The goal is to apply the best scientific and engineering principles in the best way, resulting in the soundest and safest possible system. System Safety for the 21st Century provides in-depth coverage of this specialized discipline within the safety profession. Written for both technical and nontechnical reference, this clearly organized text serves as a resource for both students and practitioners. It gives basic and essential information about the identification, evaluation, analysis, and control of hazards in components, systems, subsystems, processes, and facilities. Integrating the changes to the field that have occurred since publication of the first edition, this revised and expanded resource offers: * Logical progression from basics to techniques to applications * New focus on process safety not found in other texts * A new and unique section on professionalism for system safety and other safety practitioners * Presentation of both system safety scope and essentials * Consistent chapter format for easy learning includes an introduction and summary for each chapter * Review questions reinforcing important points * A combination of basis requirements with practical experience * Information on selected techniques to assess hazards and provide management oversight * An updated section on protecting against external events in the light of the global terrorist threat * Critiques of existing systems, including those of the Department of Defense and the * Department of Energy Relevant to industry, academia, and government, System Safety for the 21st Century is an essential resource for anyone studying or implementing proactive hazard identification and risk control techniques and procedures.

Prozess- und Anlagensicherheit

Author: Ulrich Hauptmanns

Publisher: Springer-Verlag

ISBN: 3642372538

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 661

View: 6957

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Störfälle in technischen Anlagen sind Zufallsereignisse; deshalb kann man sie nicht gänzlich vermeiden. Wohl aber lassen sich die Wahrscheinlichkeit ihres Auftretens und das Schadensausmaß verringern. Im Buch werden ausgehend von Gefährdungen durch Stoffe und Betriebsbedingungen mögliche technische und organisatorische Maßnahmen aufgezeigt, Gefährdungen zu mindern. Qualitative Analysemethoden zum Auffinden von Schwachstellen und zur Erhöhung der Sicherheit sowie Modelle zur Abschätzung von Störfallfolgen werden dargestellt. Die quantitative Bewertung der Wirksamkeit von Maßnahmen zur Verbesserung von Anlagentechnik und Sicherheit wird erläutert. Dabei spielen Unsicherheiten eine Rolle; sie folgen aus dem Zufallscharakter des Störfalls und aus Kenntnislücken bei einigen der zu behandelnden Phänomene. Der Leser wird mit Methoden der Störfallsimulation sowie Sicherheits- und Risikoanalysen vertraut gemacht und lernt, Möglichkeiten und Grenzen mathematischer Modellierung einzuschätzen. Als Grundlage sicherheitsrelevanter Entscheidungen wird die Risikoermittlung u.a. auf die Beurteilung der „funktionalen Sicherheit“ und die Bestimmung „angemessener Abstände“ zwischen Industrie und Bebauung angewandt. Zahlreiche ausgearbeitete Beispiele und Fallstudien realer Anlagen und Situationen vertiefen die Inhalte und erleichtern das Selbststudium.

Concise Encyclopedia of System Safety

Definition of Terms and Concepts

Author: Clifton A. Ericson, II

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 9781118028650

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 416

View: 6193

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The first comprehensive reference work covering safety professional terminology A convenient desk reference designed to fill a serious gap in the system safety body of knowledge, the Concise Encyclopedia of System Safety: Definition of Terms and Concepts is the first book explicitly devoted to defining system safety terms and concepts and designed to help safety professionals quickly and easily locate the definitions and information which they need to stay abreast of research new and old. Definitions for safety-related terminology currently differ between individual books, guidelines, standards, and even laws. Establishing a single common and complete set of definitions for the first time, with examples for each, the book revolutionizes the way in which safety professionals are able to understand their field. The definitive resource devoted to defining all of the major terms and concepts used in system safety and reliability in a single volume, Concise Encyclopedia of System Safety is the go-to book for systems safety engineers, analysts, and managers as they encounter new terms, or need an exact, technical definition of commonly used terms.

Chemie Aufgabensammlung für Dummies

Author: Heather Hattori,Richard H. Langley

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 3527802363

Category: Science

Page: 374

View: 6570

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Etwas lernen ist eine Sache, es später umzusetzen noch einmal eine ganz andere. Aber keine Sorge, dieses Buch enthält ausreichend Übungsaufgaben, um verschiedene Aufgabentypen kennenzulernen und erfolgreich zu lösen. Die Themengebiete reichen von der Einheitenumrechnung über Bindungen, Reaktionen und Periodensystem bis zu Säuren, Basen, Energie und Co. Ausführliche Erläuterungen Lösungen ermöglichen es, auch schwierige Aufgaben nachzuvollziehen und so endlich zu verstehen. Die nächste Prüfung kann also kommen.

Computer Safety, Reliability, and Security

25th International Conference, SAFECOMP 2006, Gdansk, Poland, September 27-29, 2006, Proceedings

Author: Janusz Górski

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 3540457623

Category: Computers

Page: 442

View: 2080

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This book constitutes the refereed proceedings of the 25th International Conference on Computer Safety, Reliability, and Security, SAFECOMP 2006. The 32 revised full papers were carefully reviewed and selected from 101 submissions. Topical sections include systems of systems, security and survivability analysis, nuclear safety and application of standards, formal approaches, networks dependability, coping with change and mobility, safety analysis and assessment, 6th FP integrated project DECOS, and modelling.

System Assurance

Beyond Detecting Vulnerabilities

Author: Nikolai Mansourov,Djenana Campara

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 9780123814159

Category: Computers

Page: 368

View: 2636

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System Assurance teaches students how to use Object Management Group’s (OMG) expertise and unique standards to obtain accurate knowledge about existing software and compose objective metrics for system assurance. OMG’s Assurance Ecosystem provides a common framework for discovering, integrating, analyzing, and distributing facts about existing enterprise software. Its foundation is the standard protocol for exchanging system facts, defined as the OMG Knowledge Discovery Metamodel (KDM). In addition, the Semantics of Business Vocabularies and Business Rules (SBVR) defines a standard protocol for exchanging security policy rules and assurance patterns. Using these standards together, students will learn how to leverage the knowledge of the cybersecurity community and bring automation to protect systems. This book includes an overview of OMG Software Assurance Ecosystem protocols that integrate risk, architecture, and code analysis guided by the assurance argument. A case study illustrates the steps of the System Assurance Methodology using automated tools. This book is recommended for technologists from a broad range of software companies and related industries; security analysts, computer systems analysts, computer software engineers-systems software, computer software engineers- applications, computer and information systems managers, network systems and data communication analysts. Provides end-to-end methodology for systematic, repeatable, and affordable System Assurance. Includes an overview of OMG Software Assurance Ecosystem protocols that integrate risk, architecture and code analysis guided by the assurance argument. Case Study illustrating the steps of the System Assurance Methodology using automated tools.

Systems safety

including DOD standards

Author: Donald Layton

Publisher: Weber Systems

ISBN: N.A

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 166

View: 4849

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Advances in Human Error, Reliability, Resilience, and Performance

Proceedings of the AHFE 2018 International Conference on Human Error, Reliability, Resilience, and Performance, July 21-25, 2018, Loews Sapphire Falls Resort at Universal Studios, Orlando, Florida, USA

Author: Ronald L. Boring

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 331994391X

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 328

View: 6891

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This book brings together studies broadly addressing human error from different disciplines and perspectives. It discusses topics such as human performance; human variability and reliability analysis; medical, driver and pilot error, as well as automation error; root cause analyses; and the cognitive modeling of human error. In addition, it highlights cutting-edge applications in safety management, defense, security, transportation, process controls, and medicine, as well as more traditional fields of application. Based on the AHFE 2018 International Conference on Human Error, Reliability, Resilience, and Performance, held on July 21–25, 2018, in Orlando, Florida, USA, the book includes experimental papers, original reviews, and reports on case studies, as well as meta-analyses, technical guidelines, best practice and methodological papers. It offers a timely reference guide for researchers and practitioners dealing with human error in a diverse range of fields.

EDDL

electronic device description language

Author: Matthias Riedl,René Simon,Mario Thron

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Programming languages (Electronic computers)

Page: 245

View: 2275

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Autonomes Fahren

Technische, rechtliche und gesellschaftliche Aspekte

Author: Markus Maurer,J. Christian Gerdes,Barbara Lenz,Hermann Winner

Publisher: Springer-Verlag

ISBN: 3662458543

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 732

View: 7901

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Ist das voll automatisierte, autonom fahrende Auto zum Greifen nah? Testfahrzeuge und Zulassungen in den USA erwecken diesen Eindruck, werfen aber gleichzeitig viele neue Fragestellungen auf. Wie werden autonome Fahrzeuge in das aktuelle Verkehrssystem integriert? Wie erfolgt ihre rechtliche Einbettung? Welche Risiken bestehen und wie wird mit diesen umgegangen? Und welche Akzeptanz seitens der Gesellschaft sowie des Marktes kann hinsichtlich dieser Entwicklungen überhaupt erwartet werden? Das vorliegende Buch gibt Antworten auf ein breites Spektrum dieser und weiterer Fragen. Expertinnen und Experten aus Deutschland und den USA beschreiben aus ingenieur- und gesellschaftswissenschaftlicher Sicht zentrale Themen im Zusammenhang mit der Automatisierung von Fahrzeugen im öffentlichen Straßenverkehr. Sie zeigen auf, welche „Entscheidungen“ einem autonomen Fahrzeug abverlangt werden beziehungsweise welche „Ethik“ programmiert werden muss. Die Autorinnen und Autoren diskutieren Erwartungen und Bedenken, die die individuelle wie auch die gesellschaftliche Akzeptanz des autonomen Fahrens kennzeichnen. Ein durch autonome Fahrzeuge erhöhtes Sicherheitspotenzial wird den Herausforderungen und Lösungsansätzen, die bei der Absicherung des Sicherheitskonzeptes eine Rolle spielen, gegenübergestellt. Zudem erläutern sie, welche Veränderungsmöglichkeiten und Chancen sich für unsere Mobilität und die Neuorganisation des Verkehrsgeschehens ergeben, nicht zuletzt auch für den Güterverkehr. Das Buch bietet somit eine aktuelle, umfassende und wissenschaftlich fundierte Auseinandersetzung mit dem Thema „Autonomes Fahren“.

Digital Instrumentation and Control Systems in Nuclear Power Plants

Safety and Reliability Issues

Author: N.A

Publisher: National Academies

ISBN: N.A

Category: Science

Page: 112

View: 1540

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The nuclear industry and the U.S. Nuclear Regulatory Commission (USNRC) have been working for several years on the development of an adequate process to guide the replacement of aging analog monitoring and control instrumentation in nuclear power plants with modern digital instrumentation without introducing off-setting safety problems. This book identifies criteria for the USNRC's review and acceptance of digital applications in nuclear power plants. It focuses on eight areas: software quality assurance, common-mode software failure potential, systems aspects of digital instrumentation and control technology, human factors and human-machine interfaces, safety and reliability assessment methods, dedication of commercial off-the-shelf hardware and software, the case-by-case licensing process, and the adequacy of technical infrastructure.

Engineering a Safer World

Systems Thinking Applied to Safety

Author: Nancy G. Leveson

Publisher: MIT Press

ISBN: 0262297302

Category: Science

Page: 560

View: 6079

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Engineering has experienced a technological revolution, but the basic engineering techniques applied in safety and reliability engineering, created in a simpler, analog world, have changed very little over the years. In this groundbreaking book, Nancy Leveson proposes a new approach to safety -- more suited to today's complex, sociotechnical, software-intensive world -- based on modern systems thinking and systems theory. Revisiting and updating ideas pioneered by 1950s aerospace engineers in their System Safety concept, and testing her new model extensively on real-world examples, Leveson has created a new approach to safety that is more effective, less expensive, and easier to use than current techniques.Arguing that traditional models of causality are inadequate, Leveson presents a new, extended model of causation (Systems-Theoretic Accident Model and Processes, or STAMP), then then shows how the new model can be used to create techniques for system safety engineering, including accident analysis, hazard analysis, system design, safety in operations, and management of safety-critical systems. She applies the new techniques to real-world events including the friendly-fire loss of a U.S. Blackhawk helicopter in the first Gulf War; the Vioxx recall; the U.S. Navy SUBSAFE program; and the bacterial contamination of a public water supply in a Canadian town. Leveson's approach is relevant even beyond safety engineering, offering techniques for "reengineering" any large sociotechnical system to improve safety and manage risk.

The Design of Everyday Things

Psychologie und Design der alltäglichen Dinge

Author: Norman Don

Publisher: Vahlen

ISBN: 3800648105

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 320

View: 3286

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Apple, Audi, Braun oder Samsung machen es vor: Gutes Design ist heute eine kritische Voraussetzung für erfolgreiche Produkte. Dieser Klassiker beschreibt die fundamentalen Prinzipien, um Dinge des täglichen Gebrauchs umzuwandeln in unterhaltsame und zufriedenstellende Produkte. Don Norman fordert ein Zusammenspiel von Mensch und Technologie mit dem Ziel, dass Designer und Produktentwickler die Bedürfnisse, Fähigkeiten und Handlungsweisen der Nutzer in den Vordergrund stellen und Designs an diesen angepasst werden. The Design of Everyday Things ist eine informative und spannende Einführung für Designer, Marketer, Produktentwickler und für alle an gutem Design interessierten Menschen. Zum Autor Don Norman ist emeritierter Professor für Kognitionswissenschaften. Er lehrte an der University of California in San Diego und der Northwest University in Illinois. Mitte der Neunzigerjahre leitete Don Norman die Advanced Technology Group bei Apple. Dort prägte er den Begriff der User Experience, um über die reine Benutzbarkeit hinaus eine ganzheitliche Erfahrung der Anwender im Umgang mit Technik in den Vordergrund zu stellen. Norman ist Mitbegründer der Beratungsfirma Nielsen Norman Group und hat unter anderem Autohersteller von BMW bis Toyota beraten. „Keiner kommt an Don Norman vorbei, wenn es um Fragen zu einem Design geht, das sich am Menschen orientiert.“ Brand Eins 7/2013 „Design ist einer der wichtigsten Wettbewerbsvorteile. Dieses Buch macht Spaß zu lesen und ist von größter Bedeutung.” Tom Peters, Co-Autor von „Auf der Suche nach Spitzenleistungen“

System Safety Engineering and Risk Assessment

A Practical Approach, Second Edition

Author: Nicholas J. Bahr

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 1466551615

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 443

View: 8456

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We all know that safety should be an integral part of the systems that we build and operate. The public demands that they are protected from accidents, yet industry and government do not always know how to reach this common goal. This book gives engineers and managers working in companies and governments around the world a pragmatic and reasonable approach to system safety and risk assessment techniques. It explains in easy-to-understand language how to design workable safety management systems and implement tested solutions immediately. The book is intended for working engineers who know that they need to build safe systems, but aren’t sure where to start. To make it easy to get started quickly, it includes numerous real-life engineering examples. The book’s many practical tips and best practices explain not only how to prevent accidents, but also how to build safety into systems at a sensible price. The book also includes numerous case studies from real disasters that describe what went wrong and the lessons learned. See What’s New in the Second Edition: New chapter on developing government safety oversight programs and regulations, including designing and setting up a new safety regulatory body, developing safety regulatory oversight functions and governance, developing safety regulations, and how to avoid common mistakes in government oversight Significantly expanded chapter on safety management systems, with many practical applications from around the world and information about designing and building robust safety management systems, auditing them, gaining internal support, and creating a safety culture New and expanded case studies and "Notes from Nick’s Files" (examples of practical applications from the author’s extensive experience) Increased international focus on world-leading practices from multiple industries with practical examples, common mistakes to avoid, and new thinking about how to build sustainable safety management systems New material on safety culture, developing leading safety performance indicators, safety maturity model, auditing safety management systems, and setting up a safety knowledge management system

Assurance Technologies Principles and Practices

A Product, Process, and System Safety Perspective

Author: Dev G. Raheja,Michael Allocco

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 0470009411

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 336

View: 4302

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The Second Edition features new content, examples,methods, techniques, and best practices Assurance Technologies Principles and Practices is based on the assertion that safety is not a cost, but an excellent investment. According to the authors, more than sixty percent of problems in complex systems arise from incomplete, vague, and poorly written specifications. In keeping with the authors' passion for safety, the text is dedicated to uniting the gamut of disciplines that are essential for effective design applying assurance technology principles, including system safety, reliability, maintainability, human engineering, quality, logistics, software integrity, and system integration. Readers familiar with the first edition of this text will recognize all the hallmarks that have made it a classic in its field. The Second Edition features a host of new examples, methods, techniques, and best practices to bring the text fully up to date with the state of the art in assurance technology. Much new content has been added as well, including four new chapters: Managing Safety-Related Risks Statistical Concepts, Loss Analysis, and Safety-Related Applications Models, Concepts, and Examples: Applying Scenario-Driven Hazard Analysis Automation, Computer, and Software Complexities The text begins with an introduction and overview of assurance technology. Next, readers are provided with fundamental statistical concepts. The chapters that follow explore in depth the approaches and disciplines that make up assurance technology applications. Each chapter is organized into major phases-design, manufacturing, test, and use phase-that help readers understand both how and when to apply particular measures. Throughout the text, readers discover detailed examples that prepare them to manage real-world challenges. References and further reading are provided at the end of each chapter leading to more in-depth discussion on specialized topics. With its extensive use of examples and highly structured approach, this is an excellent course book for students in industrial engineering, systems engineering, risk engineering, and other assurance technology domains. Design and system engineers as well as safety professionals will find the material essential in troubleshooting complex projects and ensuring product, process, and system safety.

Computer Safety, Reliability and Security

21st International Conference, SAFECOMP 2002, Catania, Italy, September 10-13, 2002. Proceedings

Author: Stuart Anderson,Sandro Bologna,Massimo Felici

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 3540441573

Category: Computers

Page: 352

View: 6599

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This book constitutes the refereed proceedings of the 21st International Conference on Computer Safety, Reliability and Security, SAFECOMP 2002, held in Catania, Italy in September 2002. The 27 revised papers presented together with 3 keynote presentations were carefully reviewed and selected from 69 submissions. The papers are organized in topical sections on human-computer system dependability, human factors, security, dependability assessment, application of formal methods, reliability assessment, design for dependability, and safety assessment.