Hazard Analysis Techniques for System Safety

Author: Clifton A. Ericson, II

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1119101727

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 640

View: 7263

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Explains in detail how to perform the most commonly used hazard analysis techniques with numerous examples of practical applications Includes new chapters on Concepts of Hazard Recognition, Environmental Hazard Analysis, Process Hazard Analysis, Test Hazard Analysis, and Job Hazard Analysis Updated text covers introduction, theory, and detailed description of many different hazard analysis techniques and explains in detail how to perform them as well as when and why to use each technique Describes the components of a hazard and how to recognize them during an analysis Contains detailed examples that apply the methodology to everyday problems

System Safety for the 21st Century

The Updated and Revised Edition of System Safety 2000

Author: Richard A. Stephans

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1118591526

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 416

View: 8093

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Summarizes the current state of "front-end" risk-control techniques Many approaches to risk control are possible. However, only through careful reading, evaluation, and study can one make the best choice of a practical philosophy for a system safety program. The goal is to apply the best scientific and engineering principles in the best way, resulting in the soundest and safest possible system. System Safety for the 21st Century provides in-depth coverage of this specialized discipline within the safety profession. Written for both technical and nontechnical reference, this clearly organized text serves as a resource for both students and practitioners. It gives basic and essential information about the identification, evaluation, analysis, and control of hazards in components, systems, subsystems, processes, and facilities. Integrating the changes to the field that have occurred since publication of the first edition, this revised and expanded resource offers: * Logical progression from basics to techniques to applications * New focus on process safety not found in other texts * A new and unique section on professionalism for system safety and other safety practitioners * Presentation of both system safety scope and essentials * Consistent chapter format for easy learning includes an introduction and summary for each chapter * Review questions reinforcing important points * A combination of basis requirements with practical experience * Information on selected techniques to assess hazards and provide management oversight * An updated section on protecting against external events in the light of the global terrorist threat * Critiques of existing systems, including those of the Department of Defense and the * Department of Energy Relevant to industry, academia, and government, System Safety for the 21st Century is an essential resource for anyone studying or implementing proactive hazard identification and risk control techniques and procedures.

Concise Encyclopedia of System Safety

Definition of Terms and Concepts

Author: Clifton A. Ericson, II

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 9781118028650

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 416

View: 2842

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The first comprehensive reference work covering safety professional terminology A convenient desk reference designed to fill a serious gap in the system safety body of knowledge, the Concise Encyclopedia of System Safety: Definition of Terms and Concepts is the first book explicitly devoted to defining system safety terms and concepts and designed to help safety professionals quickly and easily locate the definitions and information which they need to stay abreast of research new and old. Definitions for safety-related terminology currently differ between individual books, guidelines, standards, and even laws. Establishing a single common and complete set of definitions for the first time, with examples for each, the book revolutionizes the way in which safety professionals are able to understand their field. The definitive resource devoted to defining all of the major terms and concepts used in system safety and reliability in a single volume, Concise Encyclopedia of System Safety is the go-to book for systems safety engineers, analysts, and managers as they encounter new terms, or need an exact, technical definition of commonly used terms.

Systeme von Turbofan-Triebwerken

Funktionen der Triebwerkssysteme von Verkehrsflugzeugen

Author: Andreas Linke-Diesinger

Publisher: Springer-Verlag

ISBN: 3662445700

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 240

View: 5533

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Um das Funktionsprinzip von Turbinentriebwerken zu verstehen, reicht es nicht aus, das grundsätzliche Funktionsprinzip einer Gasturbine zu kennen. Es ist ebenfalls erforderlich, die Funktionen und den Aufbau der Triebwerkssysteme zu verstehen. Dieses Buch bietet eine Einführung in die Systemfunktionen von modernen Turbofan-Triebwerken. Es ist für Leser geschrieben, die mit dem Funktionsprinzip des Turbinentriebwerks vertraut sind und sich grundlegend mit den Funktionen der Triebwerkssysteme befassen wollen. Mit Hilfe dieses Buches erhält der Leser auch eine Orientierung in dem scheinbaren Gewirr von Rohrleitungen, Schläuchen, Kabeln und Systembauteilen an einem Turbofan-Triebwerk. In diesem Buch findet der Leser Informationen über den Betrieb der Triebwerkssysteme, die Aufgaben ihrer Komponenten und die in der Luftfahrtindustrie übliche Terminologie. Die englischen Begriffe werden ebenfalls genannt oder auch im Text verwendet, wenn dies sinnvoll ist. Die Triebwerkssysteme werden anhand von Beispielen erklärt, die von heute in Verwendung befindlichen Triebwerkstypen verschiedener Hersteller stammen. Dieses Buch ist eine nützliche Informationsquelle für Mechaniker und Ingenieurs-Studenten. Auch Flugschüler in der Berufspilotenausbildung finden hier Informationen, die das in ihrer Ausbildung vermittelte Wissen erweitern. Selbst für Leser ohne Ingenieursausbildung und für solche, die sich nicht beruflich mit der Materie befassen, bietet das Buch umfassende und leicht verständliche Informationen. Es hilft ihnen, die Funktionsprinzipien der Systeme von Turbofan-Triebwerken zu verstehen.

Computer Safety, Reliability, and Security

25th International Conference, SAFECOMP 2006, Gdansk, Poland, September 27-29, 2006, Proceedings

Author: Janusz Górski

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 3540457623

Category: Computers

Page: 442

View: 4409

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This book constitutes the refereed proceedings of the 25th International Conference on Computer Safety, Reliability, and Security, SAFECOMP 2006. The 32 revised full papers were carefully reviewed and selected from 101 submissions. Topical sections include systems of systems, security and survivability analysis, nuclear safety and application of standards, formal approaches, networks dependability, coping with change and mobility, safety analysis and assessment, 6th FP integrated project DECOS, and modelling.

Basic Guide to System Safety

Author: Jeffrey W. Vincoli

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1118904869

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 256

View: 1039

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This book provides guidance on including prevention through design concepts within an occupational safety and health management system. Through the application of these concepts, decisions pertaining to occupational hazards and risks can be incorporated into the process of design and redesign of work premises, tools, equipment, machinery, substances, and work processes including their construction, manufacture, use, maintenance, and ultimate disposal or reuse. These techniques provide guidance for a life-cycle assessment and design model that balances environmental and occupational safety and health goals over the life span of a facility, process, or product. The new edition is expanded to include primer information on the use of safety assurance techniques in design and construction.

Engineering a Safer World

Systems Thinking Applied to Safety

Author: Nancy G. Leveson

Publisher: MIT Press

ISBN: 0262297302

Category: Science

Page: 560

View: 2222

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Engineering has experienced a technological revolution, but the basic engineering techniques applied in safety and reliability engineering, created in a simpler, analog world, have changed very little over the years. In this groundbreaking book, Nancy Leveson proposes a new approach to safety -- more suited to today's complex, sociotechnical, software-intensive world -- based on modern systems thinking and systems theory. Revisiting and updating ideas pioneered by 1950s aerospace engineers in their System Safety concept, and testing her new model extensively on real-world examples, Leveson has created a new approach to safety that is more effective, less expensive, and easier to use than current techniques.Arguing that traditional models of causality are inadequate, Leveson presents a new, extended model of causation (Systems-Theoretic Accident Model and Processes, or STAMP), then then shows how the new model can be used to create techniques for system safety engineering, including accident analysis, hazard analysis, system design, safety in operations, and management of safety-critical systems. She applies the new techniques to real-world events including the friendly-fire loss of a U.S. Blackhawk helicopter in the first Gulf War; the Vioxx recall; the U.S. Navy SUBSAFE program; and the bacterial contamination of a public water supply in a Canadian town. Leveson's approach is relevant even beyond safety engineering, offering techniques for "reengineering" any large sociotechnical system to improve safety and manage risk.

Risk and safety assessments

building viable solutions : presented at the 1995 ASME International Mechanical Engineering Congress and Exposition, November 12-17, 1995, San Francisco, California

Author: E. D. Jones,F. L. Cho,American Society of Mechanical Engineers. Pressure Vessels and Piping Division,American Society of Mechanical Engineers. Safety Engineering and Risk Analysis Division

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Social Science

Page: 371

View: 5880

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System Assurance

Beyond Detecting Vulnerabilities

Author: Nikolai Mansourov,Djenana Campara

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 9780123814159

Category: Computers

Page: 368

View: 8329

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System Assurance teaches students how to use Object Management Group’s (OMG) expertise and unique standards to obtain accurate knowledge about existing software and compose objective metrics for system assurance. OMG’s Assurance Ecosystem provides a common framework for discovering, integrating, analyzing, and distributing facts about existing enterprise software. Its foundation is the standard protocol for exchanging system facts, defined as the OMG Knowledge Discovery Metamodel (KDM). In addition, the Semantics of Business Vocabularies and Business Rules (SBVR) defines a standard protocol for exchanging security policy rules and assurance patterns. Using these standards together, students will learn how to leverage the knowledge of the cybersecurity community and bring automation to protect systems. This book includes an overview of OMG Software Assurance Ecosystem protocols that integrate risk, architecture, and code analysis guided by the assurance argument. A case study illustrates the steps of the System Assurance Methodology using automated tools. This book is recommended for technologists from a broad range of software companies and related industries; security analysts, computer systems analysts, computer software engineers-systems software, computer software engineers- applications, computer and information systems managers, network systems and data communication analysts. Provides end-to-end methodology for systematic, repeatable, and affordable System Assurance. Includes an overview of OMG Software Assurance Ecosystem protocols that integrate risk, architecture and code analysis guided by the assurance argument. Case Study illustrating the steps of the System Assurance Methodology using automated tools.

Plant Hazard Analysis and Safety Instrumentation Systems

Author: Swapan Basu

Publisher: Academic Press

ISBN: 0128038217

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 1062

View: 2946

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Plant Hazard Analysis and Safety Instrumentation Systems is the first book to combine coverage of these two integral aspects of running a chemical processing plant. It helps engineers from various disciplines learn how various analysis techniques, international standards, and instrumentation and controls provide layers of protection for basic process control systems, and how, as a result, overall system reliability, availability, dependability, and maintainability can be increased. This step-by-step guide takes readers through the development of safety instrumented systems, also including discussions on cost impact, basics of statistics, and reliability. Swapan Basu brings more than 35 years of industrial experience to this book, using practical examples to demonstrate concepts. Basu links between the SIS requirements and process hazard analysis in order to complete SIS lifecycle implementation and covers safety analysis and realization in control systems, with up-to-date descriptions of modern concepts, such as SIL, SIS, and Fault Tolerance to name a few. In addition, the book addresses security issues that are particularly important for the programmable systems in modern plants, and discusses, at length, hazardous atmospheres and their impact on electrical enclosures and the use of IS circuits. Helps the reader identify which hazard analysis method is the most appropriate (covers ALARP, HAZOP, FMEA, LOPA) Provides tactics on how to implement standards, such as IEC 61508/61511 and ANSI/ISA 84 Presents information on how to conduct safety analysis and realization in control systems and safety instrumentation

Der Rationale Manager

Aktualisierte Ausgabe für eine neue Welt

Author: Charles H. Kepner,Benjamin B. Tregoe

Publisher: BookBaby

ISBN: 1483500527

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 290

View: 3446

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Der Rationale Manager, eins der meistverkauften Management-Bücher aller Zeiten, behandelt die Kepner-Tregoe-Prozesse zum klaren Denken, für effektive Führung und die Lösung komplexer Aufgaben, die sich seit mehr als 50 Jahren auf der ganzen Welt unter Druck bewährt haben. Ob es um einen schweren Ausfall in einem IT-System geht, um die Lösung von Problemen mit Produktionsanlagen, um die Entscheidung, die Kapazität eines Vertriebszentrums zu erweitern oder einen neuen Mitarbeiter einzustellen – die Rationalen Prozesse erlauben Ihnen, komplexe geschäftliche Situationen in den Griff zu bekommen und die schwierigsten Herausforderungen zu meistern, denen Ihre Organisation gegenüber steht. Eine gemeinsame Sprache und einheitliche Prozesse sind dabei entscheidend für effektive, effiziente Zusammenarbeit über die Grenzen von Teams, Funktionen und Ländern hinaus.

Projektmanagement

Fallstudien

Author: Harold Kerzner

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9783826614477

Category: Project management

Page: 533

View: 5489

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Hazard Identification Methods

Author: Frank Crawley,Brian Tyler

Publisher: IChemE

ISBN: 9780852954577

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 98

View: 9213

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Helping the manager or safety specialist to decide the most appropriate technique for hazard identification, this guide provides an overview of the techniques used in the process industries. It also offers a concise assessment of the strengths and weaknesses of each technique, directing the reader to selected references. weaknesses, is based on the experience of European Process Safety Centre members. This is combines witht the experience of the authors who have worked with EPSC.

Improvements in System Safety

Proceedings of the Sixteenth Safety-critical Systems Symposium, Bristol, UK, 5-7 February 2008

Author: Felix Redmill,Tom Anderson

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9781848001008

Category: Computers

Page: 266

View: 1594

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This book contains the full complement of papers presented at the sixteenth annual Safety-critical Systems Symposium, held at Bristol, UK, in February 2008. The Symposium is for engineers, managers and academics in the field of safety, across all industry sectors, and so the papers included offer a wide-ranging coverage of major safety issues as well as a good blend of academic research and industrial experience. They include discussions of some of the most recent developments.

Assurance Technologies Principles and Practices

A Product, Process, and System Safety Perspective

Author: Dev G. Raheja,Michael Allocco

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 0470009411

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 336

View: 8084

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The Second Edition features new content, examples,methods, techniques, and best practices Assurance Technologies Principles and Practices is based on the assertion that safety is not a cost, but an excellent investment. According to the authors, more than sixty percent of problems in complex systems arise from incomplete, vague, and poorly written specifications. In keeping with the authors' passion for safety, the text is dedicated to uniting the gamut of disciplines that are essential for effective design applying assurance technology principles, including system safety, reliability, maintainability, human engineering, quality, logistics, software integrity, and system integration. Readers familiar with the first edition of this text will recognize all the hallmarks that have made it a classic in its field. The Second Edition features a host of new examples, methods, techniques, and best practices to bring the text fully up to date with the state of the art in assurance technology. Much new content has been added as well, including four new chapters: Managing Safety-Related Risks Statistical Concepts, Loss Analysis, and Safety-Related Applications Models, Concepts, and Examples: Applying Scenario-Driven Hazard Analysis Automation, Computer, and Software Complexities The text begins with an introduction and overview of assurance technology. Next, readers are provided with fundamental statistical concepts. The chapters that follow explore in depth the approaches and disciplines that make up assurance technology applications. Each chapter is organized into major phases-design, manufacturing, test, and use phase-that help readers understand both how and when to apply particular measures. Throughout the text, readers discover detailed examples that prepare them to manage real-world challenges. References and further reading are provided at the end of each chapter leading to more in-depth discussion on specialized topics. With its extensive use of examples and highly structured approach, this is an excellent course book for students in industrial engineering, systems engineering, risk engineering, and other assurance technology domains. Design and system engineers as well as safety professionals will find the material essential in troubleshooting complex projects and ensuring product, process, and system safety.

Autonomes Fahren

Technische, rechtliche und gesellschaftliche Aspekte

Author: Markus Maurer,J. Christian Gerdes,Barbara Lenz,Hermann Winner

Publisher: Springer-Verlag

ISBN: 3662458543

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 732

View: 4315

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Ist das voll automatisierte, autonom fahrende Auto zum Greifen nah? Testfahrzeuge und Zulassungen in den USA erwecken diesen Eindruck, werfen aber gleichzeitig viele neue Fragestellungen auf. Wie werden autonome Fahrzeuge in das aktuelle Verkehrssystem integriert? Wie erfolgt ihre rechtliche Einbettung? Welche Risiken bestehen und wie wird mit diesen umgegangen? Und welche Akzeptanz seitens der Gesellschaft sowie des Marktes kann hinsichtlich dieser Entwicklungen überhaupt erwartet werden? Das vorliegende Buch gibt Antworten auf ein breites Spektrum dieser und weiterer Fragen. Expertinnen und Experten aus Deutschland und den USA beschreiben aus ingenieur- und gesellschaftswissenschaftlicher Sicht zentrale Themen im Zusammenhang mit der Automatisierung von Fahrzeugen im öffentlichen Straßenverkehr. Sie zeigen auf, welche „Entscheidungen“ einem autonomen Fahrzeug abverlangt werden beziehungsweise welche „Ethik“ programmiert werden muss. Die Autorinnen und Autoren diskutieren Erwartungen und Bedenken, die die individuelle wie auch die gesellschaftliche Akzeptanz des autonomen Fahrens kennzeichnen. Ein durch autonome Fahrzeuge erhöhtes Sicherheitspotenzial wird den Herausforderungen und Lösungsansätzen, die bei der Absicherung des Sicherheitskonzeptes eine Rolle spielen, gegenübergestellt. Zudem erläutern sie, welche Veränderungsmöglichkeiten und Chancen sich für unsere Mobilität und die Neuorganisation des Verkehrsgeschehens ergeben, nicht zuletzt auch für den Güterverkehr. Das Buch bietet somit eine aktuelle, umfassende und wissenschaftlich fundierte Auseinandersetzung mit dem Thema „Autonomes Fahren“.

Algorithmen - Eine Einführung

Author: Thomas H. Cormen,Charles E. Leiserson,Ronald Rivest,Clifford Stein

Publisher: Walter de Gruyter GmbH & Co KG

ISBN: 3110522012

Category: Computers

Page: 1339

View: 1287

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Der "Cormen" bietet eine umfassende und vielseitige Einführung in das moderne Studium von Algorithmen. Es stellt viele Algorithmen Schritt für Schritt vor, behandelt sie detailliert und macht deren Entwurf und deren Analyse allen Leserschichten zugänglich. Sorgfältige Erklärungen zur notwendigen Mathematik helfen, die Analyse der Algorithmen zu verstehen. Den Autoren ist es dabei geglückt, Erklärungen elementar zu halten, ohne auf Tiefe oder mathematische Exaktheit zu verzichten. Jedes der weitgehend eigenständig gestalteten Kapitel stellt einen Algorithmus, eine Entwurfstechnik, ein Anwendungsgebiet oder ein verwandtes Thema vor. Algorithmen werden beschrieben und in Pseudocode entworfen, der für jeden lesbar sein sollte, der schon selbst ein wenig programmiert hat. Zahlreiche Abbildungen verdeutlichen, wie die Algorithmen arbeiten. Ebenfalls angesprochen werden Belange der Implementierung und andere technische Fragen, wobei, da Effizienz als Entwurfskriterium betont wird, die Ausführungen eine sorgfältige Analyse der Laufzeiten der Programme mit ein schließen. Über 1000 Übungen und Problemstellungen und ein umfangreiches Quellen- und Literaturverzeichnis komplettieren das Lehrbuch, dass durch das ganze Studium, aber auch noch danach als mathematisches Nachschlagewerk oder als technisches Handbuch nützlich ist. Für die dritte Auflage wurde das gesamte Buch aktualisiert. Die Änderungen sind vielfältig und umfassen insbesondere neue Kapitel, überarbeiteten Pseudocode, didaktische Verbesserungen und einen lebhafteren Schreibstil. So wurden etwa - neue Kapitel zu van-Emde-Boas-Bäume und mehrfädigen (engl.: multithreaded) Algorithmen aufgenommen, - das Kapitel zu Rekursionsgleichungen überarbeitet, sodass es nunmehr die Teile-und-Beherrsche-Methode besser abdeckt, - die Betrachtungen zu dynamischer Programmierung und Greedy-Algorithmen überarbeitet; Memoisation und der Begriff des Teilproblem-Graphen als eine Möglichkeit, die Laufzeit eines auf dynamischer Programmierung beruhender Algorithmus zu verstehen, werden eingeführt. - 100 neue Übungsaufgaben und 28 neue Problemstellungen ergänzt. Umfangreiches Dozentenmaterial (auf englisch) ist über die Website des US-Verlags verfügbar.