Hazard Mitigation in Emergency Management

Author: Tanveer Islam,Jeffrey Ryan

Publisher: Butterworth-Heinemann

ISBN: 0128004355

Category: Social Science

Page: 458

View: 2263

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Hazard Mitigation in Emergency Management introduces readers to mitigation, one of the four foundational phases of emergency management, and to the hazard mitigation planning process. Authors Islam and Ryan review the hazard mitigation framework in both private sector and governmental agencies, covering the regulatory and legal frameworks for mitigation, as well as risk assessment processes and strategies, and tools and techniques that can prevent, or lessen, the impact of disasters. The book specifically addresses hazards posed by human activity, including cyber threats and nuclear accidents, as well as hurricanes, floods, and earthquakes. Readers will learn about the framework for the mitigation process, hazard identification, risk assessment, and the tools and techniques available for mitigation. Coverage includes both GIS and HAZUS, with tutorials on these technologies, as well as case studies of best practices in the United States and around the world. The text is ideal for students, instructors, and practitioners interested in reducing, or eliminating, the effects of disasters. Takes an all-hazards approach, covering terror attacks and accidents, as well as natural disasters Reviews the hazard mitigation framework in both private sector and governmental agencies, covering the regulatory and legal frameworks for mitigation Provides a step-by-step process for creating a Hazard Mitigation Plan (HMP) Addresses the needs of local, state, and federal emergency management agencies and of the private sector, including IT mitigation

Hazard Mitigation and Preparedness

An Introductory Text for Emergency Management and Planning Professionals, Second Edition

Author: Anna K. Schwab,Dylan Sandler,David J. Brower

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 1466595582

Category: Social Science

Page: 556

View: 4719

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This book introduces the concept of hazards as part of the earth’s natural systems, in contrast to "disasters," which occur at the intersection of the built and natural environments. The authors emphasize choices made by society that either increase or diminish our level of vulnerability to the impacts of hazards and discusses the role of the emergency manager in how these choices are made and acted upon. The book defines key concepts including mitigation, preparedness, resilience, and vulnerability, and explains the role of the emergency manager in putting these principles into practice.

Natural Hazard Mitigation

Author: Alessandra Jerolleman,John J. Kiefer

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 1439834938

Category: Political Science

Page: 377

View: 4569

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One of the four core phases of emergency management, hazard mitigation is essential for reducing disaster effects on human populations and making communities more resilient to the impacts of hazards. Presenting an up-to-date look at the changing nature of disasters, Natural Hazard Mitigation offers practical guidance on the implementation and selection of hazard mitigation programs and projects. Based on real-world applications, the book includes case studies that present a thorough explanation of the various issues involved. The contributors describe the value and potential of mitigation efforts and explain how to convince public officials and communities of that value. They also discuss how to better involve the community and uniquely tailor solutions to regional and local situations. The book begins with an overview of the history of hazard mitigation with a focus on the Disaster Mitigation Act of 2000. It examines where hazard mitigation fits into emergency management and addresses some of the challenges that can arise in navigating the various intergovernmental relationships involved in hazard mitigation. The remaining chapters explore: Public-private partnerships for hazard mitigation at the local level The role currently played by the private sector and how communities can best make use of contractors How to maximize the use of the National Flood Insurance Program and the Community Ratings System Risk communications as a key component of encouraging hazard mitigation Legal issues relevant to hazard mitigation Ways to actively engage the community and how to advocate for hazard mitigation policy How state and local governments can promote and fund mitigation without utilizing federal dollars The challenges associated with volunteers and how to best make use of this resource The area analysis as an innovative means of addressing flood risk at the block or neighborhood level The book includes learning objectives, key terms, and end-of-chapter questions to enhance comprehension. It concludes with a discussion of tools that local practitioners can use and provides an appendix with additional links and resources. This volume is an essential reference for both students and professionals in the ongoing effort to better prepare communities against the effects of natural hazards.

Natural Hazard Mitigation

Recasting Disaster Policy And Planning

Author: David Godschalk

Publisher: Island Press

ISBN: 1559636025

Category: Architecture

Page: 575

View: 1501

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This text offers an informative examination of natural hazard mitigation for planners, policymakers, stu dents, and professionals that work in this field. The topics include guidelines for hurricanes, floods and earthquakes. '

Principles of Emergency Management

Hazard Specific Issues and Mitigation Strategies

Author: Michael J. Fagel

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 1466516690

Category: Social Science

Page: 585

View: 9932

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Principles of Emergency Management: Hazard Specific Issues and Mitigation offers preparedness and mitigation recommendations for advanced emergency planning. Because disasters are so unpredictable, advance planning is needed to effectively respond to and mitigate against the potential effects of such events. Whether a disaster is natural or man-made, accidental or deliberate, the best way to protect the public is by implementing an integrated emergency management system incorporating all potential stakeholders through all phases of the event. As such, the book suggests best practices for drills, exercises, and pre-event team building and communication. More than a dozen contributors offer their professional expertise on a wide variety of topics, including: Emergency operations center management Continuity planning of vital services in the aftermath of a disaster The role of the public health official Developing public-private partnerships Specific types of disasters, including terrorism, agroterrorism, pandemics, and active shooter incidents Mass care, sheltering, and human services The special needs of children in disasters Traditional and social media and their impact on emergency management The book is a valuable planning resource for those tasked with managing operations to prepare for, mitigate, and respond to disasters.

Wiley Pathways Hazard Mitigation and Preparedness

Author: Anna K. Schwab,Katherine Eschelbach,David J. Brower

Publisher: Wiley

ISBN: N.A

Category: Social Science

Page: 600

View: 3415

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With this book, readers will learn how to apply their knowledge and skills in order to create communities that are more resilient to the impacts of hazards. It clearly presents the major principles involved in preparing for and mitigating the impacts of hazards in emergency management. This resource also provides real-world examples of different tools and techniques that emergency managers can use to reduce the impact of different types of hazards.

Wiley Pathways Introduction to Emergency Management

Author: Michael K. Lindell, Ph.D.,Carla Prater,Ronald W. Perry, Ph.D.

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 0471772607

Category: Social Science

Page: 624

View: 6256

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The recent devastation caused by tsunamis, hurricanes and wildfires highlights the need for highly trained professionals who can develop effective strategies in response to these disasters. This invaluable resource arms readers with the tools to address all phases of emergency management. It covers everything from the social and environmental processes that generate hazards to vulnerability analysis, hazard mitigation, emergency response, and disaster recovery.

Introduction to Emergency Management

Author: George Haddow,Jane Bullock,Damon P. Coppola

Publisher: Butterworth-Heinemann

ISBN: 0128030658

Category: Political Science

Page: 518

View: 1421

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Introduction to Emergency Management sets the standard for excellence in the field and has educated a generation of emergency managers. Haddow, Bullock, and Coppola return for the sixth edition with an emphasis on climate change as a major hazard. Fully updated throughout for new regulations and workflows, with new case studies covering the latest in best practices, this classic textbook prepares students for the challenges of a career in emergency management. Expanded information on disaster recovery coordination structures Emphasis on climate change as a key hazard faced by disaster managers Coverage of social media as critical tool in emergency management Fully updated throughout for the latest regulations and workflows New examples and case studies throughout Updated ancillaries to keep course instruction fresh

Introduction to International Disaster Management

Author: Damon P. Coppola

Publisher: Butterworth-Heinemann

ISBN: 0128017031

Category: Nature

Page: 760

View: 4163

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Introduction to International Disaster Management, Third Edition, continues to serve as the leading comprehensive overview of global emergency management. This edition provides practitioners and students alike with a comprehensive understanding of the disaster management profession by utilizing a global perspective and including the different sources of risk and vulnerability, the systems that exist to manage hazard risk, and the many different stakeholders involved. This update examines the impact of many recent large-scale and catastrophic disaster events on countries and communities, as well as their influence on disaster risk reduction efforts worldwide. It also expands coverage of small-island developing states (SIDS) and explores the achievements of the United Nations Hyogo Framework for Action (2005–2015) and the priorities for action in the Post-2015 Framework for Disaster Risk Reduction currently under development. This useful, relevant text includes many changes that have occurred since the last edition for a better understanding of the rapidly advancing field of international disaster management. Includes updated perspectives on recent events that have shaped the direction emergency management is taking today Examines outcomes of the Hyogo Framework for Action (HFA) decade, such as insight into how disaster risk reduction has advanced globally, and how it differs among countries and regions Updated statistics on disaster frequency and impact provide a better understanding about how and why risk and vulnerability are changing Presents information on multilateral emergency management agreements as well as profiles of important NGOs and international organizations Key terms and summaries are provided at the beginning of each chapter to ease student comprehension Offers customized and updated instructor materials, including PowerPoint lecture slides, test banks, and a detailed instructor's guide

Disasters by Design:

A Reassessment of Natural Hazards in the United States

Author: Dennis Mileti,A Joseph Henry Press book

Publisher: Joseph Henry Press

ISBN: 0309261732

Category: Science

Page: 376

View: 4979

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Disasters by Design provides an alternative and sustainable way to view, study, and manage hazards in the United States that would result in disaster-resilient communities, higher environmental quality, inter- and intragenerational equity, economic sustainability, and improved quality of life. This volume provides an overview of what is known about natural hazards, disasters, recovery, and mitigation, how research findings have been translated into policies and programs; and a sustainable hazard mitigation research agenda. Also provided is an examination of past disaster losses and hazards management over the past 20 years, including factors--demographic, climate, social--that influence loss. This volume summarizes and sets the stage for the more detailed books in the series.

Global Warming, Natural Hazards, and Emergency Management

Author: George Haddow,Jane A. Bullock,Kim Haddow

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 9781420081862

Category: Nature

Page: 288

View: 8044

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Scientists predict the earth is facing 40-to-60 years of climate change, even if emissions of carbon dioxide and other global warming gases stopped today. One inevitable consequence of the greenhouse gases already in the atmosphere will be an increase in the frequency and severity of natural disaster events. Global Warming, Natural Hazards, and Emergency Management documents the imperative need for communities to prepare for the coming effects of climate change and provides a series of in-depth, road-tested recommendations on how to reduce risks for communities and businesses. Frontline Advice for Increasing Defenses and Reducing Impacts of Global Warming Authored and edited by emergency management and environmental protection professionals from the Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA) and the Sierra Club, this book offers case histories from communities across America that have successfully reduced the extent and consequences of natural disasters. These examples are becoming increasingly important to understand and replicate as the risks to communities created by a changing climate rise. This book recognizes three fundamental principles essential to developing a disaster-prevention strategy: The protection of natural systems is an important security measure The reduction of disaster risk, not just response, is of great importance Local communities must take the lead in prevention efforts Provides Local Governments with Replicable Case Histories of Hazard Mitigation Efforts This no-nonsense reference is a procedural roadmap for emergency managers, policy makers, and community officials. It explains how to develop community partnerships among a myriad of stakeholders; identifies staffing and resource requirements for successful programs; and provides a step-by-step demonstration of the disaster-planning process at the community level.

Facing Hazards and Disasters

Understanding Human Dimensions

Author: National Research Council,Division on Earth and Life Studies,Committee on Disaster Research in the Social Sciences: Future Challenges and Opportunities

Publisher: National Academies Press

ISBN: 9780309164627

Category: Social Science

Page: 408

View: 5270

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Social science research conducted since the late 1970s has contributed greatly to society's ability to mitigate and adapt to natural, technological, and willful disasters. However, as evidenced by Hurricane Katrina, the Indian Ocean tsunami, the September 11, 2001 terrorist attacks on the United States, and other recent events, hazards and disaster research and its application could be improved greatly. In particular, more studies should be pursued that compare how the characteristics of different types of events-including predictability, forewarning, magnitude, and duration of impact-affect societal vulnerability and response. This book includes more than thirty recommendations for the hazards and disaster community.

Integrating Disaster Science and Management

Global Case Studies in Mitigation and Recovery

Author: Pijush Samui,Dookie Kim,Chandan Ghosh

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 0128120576

Category: Science

Page: 486

View: 9359

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Integrated Disaster Science and Management: Global Case Studies in Mitigation and Recovery bridges the gap between scientific research on natural disasters and the practice of disaster management. It examines natural hazards, including earthquakes, landslides and tsunamis, and uses integrated disaster management techniques, quantitative methods and big data analytics to create early warning models to mitigate impacts of these hazards and reduce the risk of disaster. It also looks at mitigation as part of the recovery process after a disaster, as in the case of the Nepal earthquake. Edited by global experts in disaster management and engineering, the book offers case studies that focus on the critical phases of disaster management. Identifies advanced techniques and models based on natural disaster science for forecasting disasters and analyzing risk Offers a holistic approach to the problem of disaster management, including preparation, recovery, and resilience Includes coverage of social, economic, and environmental impacts on disasters

Urban Emergency Management

Planning and Response for the 21st Century

Author: Thomas Henkey

Publisher: Butterworth-Heinemann

ISBN: 0128092203

Category: Nature

Page: 260

View: 5282

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Urban Emergency Management: Planning and Response for the 21st Century takes the concepts and practices of emergency management and places them in the context of the complex challenges faced by the contemporary city. Cities provide unique challenges to emergency managers. The concentrated population and often dense layering of infrastructure can be particularly susceptible to disasters—both natural and human-caused. The book provides guidance across all phases of emergency management, including prevention and all-hazards approaches. Presents an all-hazards and all-phases approach to emergency management, including natural hazards and human-caused disasters Covers the human capital and political and leadership qualities needed by urban emergency managers Targets the needs of emergency management in urban settings

Principles of Emergency Management and Emergency Operations Centers (EOC)

Author: Michael J. Fagel

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 9781439838525

Category: Social Science

Page: 430

View: 2750

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Principles of Emergency Management and Emergency Operations Centers (EOC) provides a clear and up-to-date understanding of how an EOC should operate within the guidance of various federal and national programs. It discusses the processes and systems that must be considered in emergency planning and preparedness efforts. The culmination of more than four decades of experience, the text provides time-tested tips for those developing and revising emergency preparedness plans. The book details the requirements for appropriate training and planning, both validated by a well-designed exercise program. Stressing the importance of consistency with the various national preparedness initiatives, it includes the latest developments and best practices in the evolving field of emergency management.

The Private Sector's Role in Disasters

Leveraging the Private Sector in Emergency Management

Author: Alessandra Jerolleman,John J. Kiefer, Ph.D.

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 1482244098

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 314

View: 9260

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This book examines the role of the private sector in emergency management and how that role is changing through private sector intersections with government, government agencies, and the public sectors in all phases of emergency management. It particularly focuses on the areas in which government regulations and guidelines promote or encourage private sector involvement, and looks at best practices for public–private partnerships as well as some of the common pitfalls of the contracting model. The private sector now plays a tremendous role in the creation of policies related to emergency management and their implementation at the federal, state, and local levels. The Private Sector’s Role in Disasters: Leveraging the Private Sector in Emergency Management explores some of the challenges of implementing policies in the current contracting model. It also compares emergency management to other government services that have been privatized. Case studies of recent disasters and examples of the privatization of some emergency management functions are presented to illustrate how to better plan for private sector involvement in future disasters. Given the sometimes dysfunctional relationships that have emerged from public–private partnerships in disaster situations, it is important to analyze and improve principles and practices to work toward more effective partnership. This book provides thoughtful guidelines, recommendations, and best-practice approaches to public–private development, implementation, and collaboration throughout the disaster cycle. It gives focused directions for cultivating public–private working relationships to make emergency responses quicker and assistance more effective.

An Introduction to Emergency Exercise Design and Evaluation

Author: Robert McCreight

Publisher: Bernan Press

ISBN: 1598888935

Category: Reference

Page: 175

View: 3043

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In this practical handbook, author Robert McCreight explains the essential elements and core principles of exercise design and evaluation. This updated version seeks to identify and outline the major issues, steps and strategy for devising emergency exercises and conducting coherent evaluations of those exercises. An Introduction to Emergency Exercise Design and Evaluation describes all exercise options ranging from simple symposia and tabletops up to full-fledged deployed field exercises and is intended for academics, students and emergency planning officials in federal, state and local government along with private sector and non governmental organizations.

Disaster Response and Recovery

Strategies and Tactics for Resilience

Author: David A. McEntire

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 111895758X

Category: Social Science

Page: 560

View: 3551

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Provides an overview of the various types of disasters that may occur, the myriad of actors that are involved in emergency management, and the diverse theoretical frameworks from which post-disaster activities may be approached. • Includes updated chapters keeping the material fresh and accessible while incorporating recent changes in policy and new research • Highlights lessons learned from such incidents and catastrophes as: Hurricane Katrina, Earthquake in Haiti, Parking lot collapse in Miami, West Texas industrial explosion, Train wreck in Spain, Aurora movie shooting, Times Square bombing, etc. • Examines typical challenges to be expected during response efforts along with tools and techniques to enhance the ability to protect lives, reduce property damage and minimize disruption • Includes an instructor package which contains: Sample Syllabus, Teaching Suggestions, Test bank, and PowerPoints

Social Network Analysis of Disaster Response, Recovery, and Adaptation

Author: Eric C Jones,A.J. Faas

Publisher: Butterworth-Heinemann

ISBN: 012805283X

Category: Science

Page: 322

View: 3155

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Social Network Analysis of Disaster Response, Recovery, and Adaptation covers systematic social network analysis and how people and institutions function in disasters, after disasters, and the ways they adapt to hazard settings. As hazards become disasters, the opportunities and constraints for maintaining a safe and secure life and livelihood become too strained for many people. Anecdotally, and through many case studies, we know that social interactions exacerbate or mitigate those strains, necessitating a concerted, intellectual effort to understand the variation in how ties within, and outside, communities respond and are affected by hazards and disasters. Examines the role of societal relationships in a disaster context, incorporating theory and case studies by experts in the field Integrates research in the areas of social network analysis and inter-organizational networks Presents a range of studies from around the world, employing different approaches to network analysis in disaster contexts

Hazard Mitigation

Integrating Best Practices Into Planning

Author: James Schwab

Publisher: Amer Planning Assn

ISBN: 9781932364842

Category: Architecture

Page: 145

View: 9566

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Every year, communities face natural hazards—floods, wildfires, landslides, earthquakes—that can cause millions of dollars in property damage. Development patterns of the past that ignored the risks of building on vulnerable sites such as floodplains and hillsides have exacerbated the problem. Well-crafted plans, policies, and land-use regulations can help mitigate the impacts of natural disasters—but in many communities today, planners have either limited involvement in hazard mitigation plans or none at all. Hazard Mitigation: Integrating Best Practices into Planning, prepared by APA and supported by the Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA), seeks to close the gap that often exists between hazard mitigation planning and other local planning and regulatory land-use processes. It introduces hazard mitigation as a vital area of practice for planners; provides guidance on how to integrate hazard mitigation strategies into comprehensive, area, and functional plans; and shows where hazard mitigation can fit into zoning and subdivision codes. A Safe Growth Audit allows planners to evaluate their communities' plans and regulations, and case studies show how localities large and small are successfully addressing these issues. The report closes with recommendations to help planners move ahead with introducing hazard mitigation into local planning processes.