Health Science Research

A Handbook of Quantitative Methods

Author: Jennifer Peat

Publisher: SAGE

ISBN: 1446275663

Category: Medical

Page: 328

View: 431

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For research to be effective, it is essential that every aspect of the study is well planned. Health Science Research has been written to help researchers from all disciplines conduct their studies with this kind of integrity. Each chapter covers a specific area fo conducting a study, including: - formulating the research question - preparing a grant application - subject recruitment - data collection and analysis - interpreting the results of the study This informative text is designed to be a user friendly research, reference and study tool. It has been organised into eight chapters, each of which covers a specific area of conducting a research study. This book will be of particular value to scientists, research assistants, qualified or trainee physicians, nurses and allied health workers. The book will also be an essential companion for students in all disciplines who want to learn more about how to do good research.

Research Methods for Massage and Holistic Therapies - E-Book

Author: Glenn Hymel

Publisher: Elsevier Health Sciences

ISBN: 0323070493

Category: Medical

Page: 360

View: 3129

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This comprehensive resource covers a broad array of research strategies available to massage therapists to give them the tools they need to be knowledgeable readers of research literature, as well as active researchers. The primary focus of the book is on the quantitative aspect of research that encompasses the principal types of studies most extensively used in the various health care professions, specifically massage therapy. Extensive coverage is also given to the qualitative and integrative research categories that are progressively gaining recognition among researchers in various health science disciplines and professions. Accommodates the March 2003 mandate from the Commission on Massage Therapy Accreditation (COMTA) that massage therapy schools incorporate into their curricula provisions to ensure a research literate profession. Examples and techniques for interpreting research guide practitioners and students to be knowledgeable readers of massage therapy research, allowing application to practice. Relies heavily on concept maps, flowcharts, tables, and illustrations and excerpts of published studies to augment the book's narrative development of topics by providing pictorial displays and summaries of the material. Literature-based and hypothetical research examples/illustrations from several manual therapy professions employing therapeutic massage make the material pertinent to real-life settings An introductory section at the beginning of each chapter reviews the material covered in the previous chapter and how it relates to the new material. Chapter coverage spans the quantitative, qualitative, and integrative research categories and affiliated research strategies and methods are considered in detail. Review/summary tables give an overview of the narrative development of topics. Boxes provide the essential features of a given topic. Relies on multiple examples of possible research scenarios and illustrative excerpts from the published research literature. Content is cross-referenced for use with the Massage Therapy Foundation's Massage Therapy Research Curriculum Kit to provide both instructors and students in the 6-, 15-, and 24-hour options/levels an extensively-developed resource in one place. Each chapter includes recommended web sites and software application packages for further information.

Research Methods for Clinical Therapists E-Book

Applied Project Design and Analysis

Author: Carolyn M. Hicks

Publisher: Elsevier Health Sciences

ISBN: 0702041882

Category: Medical

Page: 408

View: 6102

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Struggling to do a project or dissertation, evaluate published research or conduct your own research? Help is at hand with this 5th edition of Research Methods for Clinical Therapists, which explains, in a clear and simple manner, how to evaluate existing research and how to conduct your own research. Aimed at undergraduate and postgraduate students, as well as the practising health care professional, the focus of the text is the design and analysis of experimental studies. These are vital to the effectiveness studies that are central to the work of the healthcare professional. Specific examples from different areas of healthcare are used to explain the core research concepts and relate them to clinical situations. Statistical theory and jargon are kept to a minimum. 'Key concept' boxes to explain technical research terms Activities and exercises (with answers provided in an appendix) to reinforce learning Sample critique of a published research article Comprehensive coverage of the key components of a robust research study Explanation of basic mathematical concepts Extended section on calculating sample sizes Guidelines on the preparation of posters Calculation of Inter-rater reliability measures, including Cohen’s Kappa, ICC (interclass correlation) and Bland-Altman graphs of inter-rater agreement Introduction to Receiver Operating Characteristics, for use in screening and diagnostic testing against gold-standards The Thurstone Paired Comparison Technique, valuable in capturing the user voice on a variety of service planning, design and development issues Undertaking Systematic Reviews Relevant further reading for each chapter to support readers in their work.

Clinical Massage in the Healthcare Setting - E-Book

Author: Sandy Fritz,Leon Chaitow,Glenn Hymel

Publisher: Elsevier Health Sciences

ISBN: 0323070698

Category: Medical

Page: 848

View: 9749

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Covering advanced massage therapy skills, this practical resource prepares you to work with medical professionals in a clinical setting, such as a hospital, hospice, long-term care, or other health-related practice. It discusses the many skills you need to succeed in this environment, helping you become a contributing member of an integrated team. Also covered are the essentials of clinical massage, such as indications and contraindications, review of massage methods, range of motion testing, SOAP note documentation, and a massage therapy general protocol. Case studies show how a multidisciplinary approach applies to real-world clients. By coordinating your work with other health professionals, you can enhance patient care in any clinical setting! Includes a DVD with: Two hours of video showing specific applications, featuring author Sandy Fritz. A complete general protocol for massage. State-of-the-art animations depicting biologic functions and medical procedures. 700 full-color illustrations accompany procedures, concepts, and techniques. An integrated healthcare approach covers the healthcare environment and the skills necessary to be a contributing member of an integrated healthcare team. A research-based focus emphasizes research, clinical reasoning, and outcome-based massage application — for effective massage application in conjunction with healthcare intervention. A complete general protocol provides a guide to treating disorders and maintaining wellness, with recommendations for positioning and interventions, using a step-by-step sequence that can easily be modified to meet a patient's specific needs. A palliative protocol helps you temporarily relieve a patient's symptoms of disorders or diseases. Case studies focus on outcome-based massage for individuals with multiple health issues, detailing assessment, medical intervention, justification for massage, and session documentation. Coverage of advanced massage therapy skills and decision-making skills includes specific themes for effective massage application, allowing you to consolidate massage treatment based on the main outcomes — useful when working with individuals with multiple pathologies or treatment needs. A discussion of aromatherapy provides safe recommendations for the use of essential oils in conjunction with massage, to promote healing of the body and mind. Descriptions of illness and injury include relevant anatomy/physiology/pathophysiology, as well as strategies and massage applications to use for pain management, immune support, stress management, chronic illness, and post-surgical needs. Coverage of insurance and reimbursement issues relates to you as a massage professional. Strategies for general conditions such as substance abuse, mental health, orthopedic injury, and cardiovascular disorders help you specialize in clinical massage. Expert authors provide knowledge in research, massage therapy in healthcare, and manual therapies. Learning resources include chapter outlines, chapter learning objectives, key terms, and workbook-style exercises. A companion Evolve website includes: PubMed links to research supporting best practices and justification for massage application. More information on topics such as insurance, pharmacology, and nutrition. More information on anatomy and physiology and other subjects. A comprehensive glossary with key terms and some audio pronunciations.

Medical Statistics

A Guide to SPSS, Data Analysis and Critical Appraisal

Author: Belinda Barton,Jennifer Peat

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1118589920

Category: Medical

Page: 408

View: 4589

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Medical Statistics provides the necessarystatistical tools to enable researchers to undertake and understandevidence-based clinical research. It is a practical guide to conducting statistical research andinterpreting statistics in the context of how the participants wererecruited, how the study was designed, what types of variables wereused, what effect size was found, and what the P valuesmean. It guides researchers through the process of selecting thecorrect statistics and show how to best report results forpresentation and publication. Clear and concise explanations, combined with plenty of examplesand tabulated explanations are based on the authors’ popularmedical statistics courses. The table of contents is divided into sections according towhether data are continuous or categorical in nature as thisdistinction is fundamental to selecting the correct statistics.Each chapter provides a clear step-by-step guide to eachstatistical test with practical instructions on how to generate andinterpret the numbers, and present the results as scientific tablesor graphs. The chapters conclude with critical appraisal guidelinesto help researchers review the reporting of results from each typeof statistical test. This new edition includes a new chapter on repeated measures andmixed models and a helpful glossary of terms provides an easyreference that applies to all chapters.

Critiquing Nursing Research 2nd Edition

Author: John Cutcliffe,Martin Ward

Publisher: Andrews UK Limited

ISBN: 1856424405

Category: Medical

Page: 352

View: 321

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This second edition of Quay Books' bestselling title retains all of the successful features of the first, plus additional material including a chapter on European psychiatric research. Foreword by Kevin Gournay.

Quantitative Methods for Health Research

A Practical Interactive Guide to Epidemiology and Statistics

Author: Dr. Nigel Bruce,Dr. Daniel Pope,Dr. Debbi Stanistreet

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 0470022744

Category: Medical

Page: 552

View: 6724

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Quantitative Research Methods for Health Professionals: A Practical Interactive Course is a superb introduction to epidemiology, biostatistics, and research methodology for the whole health care community. Drawing examples from a wide range of health research, this practical handbook covers important contemporary health research methods such as survival analysis, Cox regression, and meta-analysis, the understanding of which go beyond introductory concepts. The book includes self-assessment exercises throughout to help students explore and reflect on their understanding and a clear distinction is made between a) knowledge and concepts that all students should ensure they understand and b) those that can be pursued by students who wish to do so. The authors incorporate a program of practical exercises in SPSS using a prepared data set that helps to consolidate the theory and develop skills and confidence in data handling, analysis and interpretation.

The SAGE Handbook of Qualitative Methods in Health Research

Author: Ivy Bourgeault,Robert Dingwall,Ray de Vries

Publisher: SAGE

ISBN: 1446248461

Category: Social Science

Page: 786

View: 6419

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The Sage Handbook of Qualitative Methods in Health Research is a comprehensive and authoritative source on qualitative research methods. The Handbook compiles accessible yet vigorous academic contributions by respected academics from the fast-growing field of qualitative methods in health research and consists of: - A series of case studies in the ways in which qualitative methods have contributed to the development of thinking in fields relevant to policy and practice in health care. - A section examining the main theoretical sources drawn on by qualitative researchers. - A section on specific techniques for the collection of data. - A section exploring issues relevant to the strategic place of qualitative research in health care environments. The Sage Handbook of Qualitative Methods in Health Research is an invaluable source of reference for all students, researchers and practitioners with a background in the health professions or health sciences.

A Handbook of Research Methods for Clinical and Health Psychology

Author: Jeremy Miles,Paul Gilbert

Publisher: Oxford University Press on Demand

ISBN: 9780198527565

Category: Psychology

Page: 315

View: 4420

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A practical guide to carrying out research in health psychology and clinical psychology. For both undergraduate and postgraduate students, the book will be essential in making them aware of the full range of techniques available to them, helping them to design scientifically rigorous experiments.

The SAGE Handbook of Quantitative Methodology for the Social Sciences

Author: David Kaplan

Publisher: SAGE Publications

ISBN: 1483365875

Category: Social Science

Page: 528

View: 6125

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The SAGE Handbook of Quantitative Methodology for the Social Sciences is the definitive reference for teachers, students, and researchers of quantitative methods in the social sciences, as it provides a comprehensive overview of the major techniques used in the field. The contributors, top methodologists and researchers, have written about their areas of expertise in ways that convey the utility of their respective techniques, but, where appropriate, they also offer a fair critique of these techniques. Relevance to real-world problems in the social sciences is an essential ingredient of each chapter and makes this an invaluable resource.

Handbook of Research on Sport and Business

Author: S. Söderman,H. Dolles

Publisher: Edward Elgar Publishing

ISBN: 1781005869

Category: Sports & Recreation

Page: 608

View: 6060

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ÔSšderman and Dolles have assembled an impressive array of researchers to address the nexus between sport and business. In their rich collection of research on sport business theory and practice Sšderman and Dolles identify research themes from governance to branding, from sport events to sport systems, and from social media to fan identity, and they specifically reflect on the application of major theoretical concepts and key research methods. The authorsÕ aim is to advance sport business research through critical reflection on topic selection, research design, data analysis and interpretation. Their unique approach encourages researchers, from novice to experienced, to embrace diverse theories and methods. The Handbook is recommended reading for those interested in advancing sport business research.Õ Ð Graham Cuskelly, Griffith University, Australia ÔThis insight-laden volume encompasses today's and tomorrow's research across the multifaceted landscape of the business side of sport -- from branding and sponsorship to media and technology, from club management to governance. It effectively encompasses both theory and practice. Scholars, students, and practitioners will find this cogent collection of international consumer and business research knowledge and perspectives both informative and useful.Õ Ð Stephen A. Greyser, Harvard Business School, US ÔThis Handbook directly responds to the rapid professional, commercial and international development of sport. With its thoughtful structure, comprehensive coverage of topics and renowned contributors it offers a thorough analysis on the management challenges in the field. It also offers very valuable insights and guidance how the business of sport can be researched by students, academics and practitioners around the world. The book is simply a must-read for anyone interested in the management aspects of sports.Õ Ð Yoshiaki Takahashi, Chuo University, Tokyo, Japan This Handbook draws together top international researchers and discusses the state of the art and the future direction of research at the nexus between sport and business. It is heavily built upon choosing, applying and evaluating appropriate quantitative as well as qualitative research methods for practical advice in sport and business research. Topics covered for analysis include sports governance, regulation and performance; media and technology; club management and team structure; place, time and spectators of sporting events; and sport branding and sponsoring. The Handbook covers research examples from elite sport to the amateur level, and from different sports, from cycling to cricket, from ice hockey to motorsports, and from football to skiing. It will be read and used by academics and PhD students as well as sports practitioners looking for useful ways of expanding knowledge, conducting research or searching for insights into the challenges of managing sport.

Routledge International Handbook of Advanced Quantitative Methods in Nursing Research

Author: Susan J. Henly

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1134700237

Category: Medical

Page: 464

View: 2505

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Designed to support global development of nursing science, the Routledge International Handbook of Advanced Quantitative Methods in Nursing Research provides a new, comprehensive, and authoritative treatment of advanced quantitative methods for nursing research. Incorporating past approaches that have served as the foundation for the science, this cutting edge book also explores emerging approaches that will shape its future. Divided into six parts, it covers: -the domain of nursing science - measurement—classical test theory, IRT, clinimetrics, behavioral observation, biophysical measurement -models for prediction and explanation—SEM, general growth mixture models, hierarchical models, analysis of dynamic systems -intervention research—theory-based interventions, causality, third variables, pilot studies, quasi-experimental design, joint models for longitudinal data and time to event -e-science—DIKW paradigm, big data, data mining, omics, FMRI -special topics—comparative effectiveness and meta-analysis, patient safety, economics research in nursing, mixed methods, global research dissemination Written by a distinguished group of international nursing scientists, scientists from related fields, and methodologists, the Handbook is the ideal reference for everyone involved in nursing science, whether they are graduate students, academics, editors and reviewers, or clinical investigators.

SAGE Handbook of Mixed Methods in Social & Behavioral Research

Author: Abbas Tashakkori,Charles Teddlie

Publisher: SAGE Publications

ISBN: 148330549X

Category: Social Science

Page: 912

View: 9261

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Surveying the differing viewpoints and disciplinary approaches to using mixed methods, this volume helps readers explore the answers to a wide range of key questions in the field, including "Can using mixed methods offset the disadvantages that certain methods have by themselves?" "What criteria can a researcher use to select the best mixed methods design for his or her project?" and "What are the points of agreement and controversy regarding design issues in mixed methods research?" This breakthrough Second Edition, containing all new chapters, examines all aspects of mixed methods research across a variety of disciplines. Key Features • Covers all aspects of inquiry from conceptualizing research to selecting methods, analyzing and interpreting data, and reporting findings • Draws on the work of a mix of internationally recognized researchers as well as new and emerging researchers to provide a diversity of perspectives • Gives specific examples from a wide range of disciplines to help readers understand the issues and controversies in this evolving area • Presents rich material for discussion and new ideas for implementing mixed methods research to provide readers with a cutting-edge resource • Provides pedagogical tools such as learning objectives, discussion questions and exercises, and extensive cross referencing

Handbook of Ethics in Quantitative Methodology

Author: A. T. Panter,Sonya K. Sterba

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1136888721

Category: Psychology

Page: 544

View: 5137

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This comprehensive Handbook is the first to provide a practical, interdisciplinary review of ethical issues as they relate to quantitative methodology including how to present evidence for reliability and validity, what comprises an adequate tested population, and what constitutes scientific knowledge for eliminating biases. The book uses an ethical framework that emphasizes the human cost of quantitative decision making to help researchers understand the specific implications of their choices. The order of the Handbook chapters parallels the chronology of the research process: determining the research design and data collection; data analysis; and communicating findings. Each chapter: Explores the ethics of a particular topic Identifies prevailing methodological issues Reviews strategies and approaches for handling such issues and their ethical implications Provides one or more case examples Outlines plausible approaches to the issue including best-practice solutions. Part 1 presents ethical frameworks that cross-cut design, analysis, and modeling in the behavioral sciences. Part 2 focuses on ideas for disseminating ethical training in statistics courses. Part 3 considers the ethical aspects of selecting measurement instruments and sample size planning and explores issues related to high stakes testing, the defensibility of experimental vs. quasi-experimental research designs, and ethics in program evaluation. Decision points that shape a researchers’ approach to data analysis are examined in Part 4 – when and why analysts need to account for how the sample was selected, how to evaluate tradeoffs of hypothesis-testing vs. estimation, and how to handle missing data. Ethical issues that arise when using techniques such as factor analysis or multilevel modeling and when making causal inferences are also explored. The book concludes with ethical aspects of reporting meta-analyses, of cross-disciplinary statistical reform, and of the publication process. This Handbook appeals to researchers and practitioners in psychology, human development, family studies, health, education, sociology, social work, political science, and business/marketing. This book is also a valuable supplement for quantitative methods courses required of all graduate students in these fields.

The SAGE Handbook of Health Psychology

Author: Stephen Sutton,Andrew Baum,Marie Johnston

Publisher: SAGE

ISBN: 184787164X

Category: Psychology

Page: 448

View: 7808

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The SAGE Handbook of Health Psychology represents a landmark work in the field, gathering together in a single volume contributions from an internationally renowned group of scholars. It provides a definitive, one-stop, authoritative guide to the major themes and debates in health psychology, both past and present, and should in time become a classic reference work for a wide, international readership. Its coverage is comprehensive, both traditional and innovative, and reflects the latest in global health psychology research from a wide perspective. This includes the latest work in epidemiology of health and illness, health-related cognitions, chronic illness, interventions in changing health behaviour, research methods in health psychology and biological mechanisms of health and disease. As a result its potential as an authoritative entry point to those new to the discipline as well as those already working inside it is very high. Given its breadth of content and accessibility, the Handbook will be indispensable for advanced students as well as researchers. Expertly organized by editors of international stature, and authored by a similar team of luminaries in the field, this single volume Handbook is an essential purchase for individuals and librarians worldwide. Advisory Editors: Professor Karen Matthews PhD University of Pittsburgh School of Medicine Prof. Dr. Ralf Schwarzer Freie Universität Berlin Professor Shelley Taylor PhD UCLA Professor Jane Wardle University College London Professor Robert West St. George's Hospital Medical School

The Oxford Handbook of Quantitative Methods in Psychology

Foundations

Author: Todd D. Little

Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA

ISBN: 019937015X

Category: Psychology

Page: 515

View: 2193

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This two-volume handbook on current best-practices in quantitative methods as practiced in the social, behavioral, and educational sciences covers philosophical and ethical issues, theory construction, model building and types of models, survey and experiment design, measurement issues, observational methods, statistical methods, types of analysis, types of data, and common research fallacies.

The Oxford Handbook of Quantitative Methods, Volume 1: Foundations

Author: Todd D. Little

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0199934886

Category: Psychology

Page: 506

View: 7000

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Research today demands the application of sophisticated and powerful research tools. Fulfilling this need, The Oxford Handbook of Quantitative Methods is the complete tool box to deliver the most valid and generalizable answers to todays complex research questions. It is a one-stop source for learning and reviewing current best-practices in quantitative methods as practiced in the social, behavioral, and educational sciences. Comprising two volumes, this handbook covers a wealth of topics related to quantitative research methods. It begins with essential philosophical and ethical issues related to science and quantitative research. It then addresses core measurement topics before delving into the design of studies. Principal issues related to modern estimation and mathematical modeling are also detailed. Topics in the handbook then segway into the realm of statistical inference and modeling with chapters dedicated to classical approaches as well as modern latent variable approaches. Numerous chapters associated with longitudinal data and more specialized techniques round out this broad selection of topics. Comprehensive, authoritative, and user-friendly, this two-volume set will be an indispensable resource for serious researchers across the social, behavioral, and educational sciences.

The Oxford Handbook of Quantitative Methods, Vol. 2: Statistical Analysis

Author: Todd D. Little

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0199934908

Category: Psychology

Page: 784

View: 5583

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Research today demands the application of sophisticated and powerful research tools. Fulfilling this need, The Oxford Handbook of Quantitative Methods is the complete tool box to deliver the most valid and generalizable answers to todays complex research questions. It is a one-stop source for learning and reviewing current best-practices in quantitative methods as practiced in the social, behavioral, and educational sciences. Comprising two volumes, this handbook covers a wealth of topics related to quantitative research methods. It begins with essential philosophical and ethical issues related to science and quantitative research. It then addresses core measurement topics before delving into the design of studies. Principal issues related to modern estimation and mathematical modeling are also detailed. Topics in the handbook then segway into the realm of statistical inference and modeling with chapters dedicated to classical approaches as well as modern latent variable approaches. Numerous chapters associated with longitudinal data and more specialized techniques round out this broad selection of topics. Comprehensive, authoritative, and user-friendly, this two-volume set will be an indispensable resource for serious researchers across the social, behavioral, and educational sciences.