Heavy Drinking

The Myth of Alcoholism as a Disease

Author: Herbert Fingarette

Publisher: Univ of California Press

ISBN: 0520067541

Category: Medical

Page: 195

View: 2457

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A noted expert on alcoholism and addiction discusses his ideas on alcohol abuse, many of which counter current medical thinking, including a rejection of the idea of alcoholism as a disease, and also offers alternative treatments.

Learning about Drinking

Author: Eleni Houghton,Ann Roche

Publisher: Psychology Press

ISBN: 9781583913161

Category: Self-Help

Page: 304

View: 4117

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This book is based on the premise that drinking behaviors are primarily learned. The contributors to the book explore the complex array of individual and social factors that impact the development of drinking patterns. They traverse family and culture influences, and the role played by schools, government, and the beverage alcohol industry. Learning About Drinking offers a rigorous and scholarly examination of drinking behavior brought to life with illustrative cases drawn from around the world. Social policymakers, historians, anthropologists, public health specialists, as well as mental health professionals will find this book of value. Learning About Drinking offers a refreshing, evidence-based look at a process that has too often been taken for granted.

Women and Drinking: Preventing Alcohol-Exposed Pregnancies

Author: M. Marden Velasquez,K. S. Ingersoll,M. B. Sobell,L. Carter Sobell

Publisher: Hogrefe Publishing

ISBN: 1613344015

Category: Psychology

Page: 93

View: 4959

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An essential resource for anyone providing help or services to women at risk for alcohol-exposed pregnancies. Drinking during pregnancy can cause a range of disabilities that have lifelong effects yet are 100% preventable. A variety of brief motivational behavioral interventions developed for nonpregnant women of childbearing age can effectively prevent alcohol-exposed pregnancies (AEP). This book outlines clinical definitions and the history of Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorders (FASD), epidemiology and effects across the lifespan, evidence-based prevention practices such as CHOICES and CHOICES-like interventions, and opportunities for dissemination. Based on decades of scientific research and clinical refinement, this volume is packed with helpful illustrative case vignettes, therapist–patient dialogues, sample forms, and handouts. The information and resources presented will help a wide variety of practitioners in diverse settings, ranging from high-risk settings such as mental health and substance abuse treatment centers to primary care clinics and universities, deliver interventions targeting behavior change.

College Drinking

Reframing a Social Problem / Changing the Culture

Author: George W. Dowdall

Publisher: Stylus Publishing, LLC

ISBN: 1579228151

Category: Education

Page: 336

View: 7842

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Drinking is recognized as one of the most important problems confronting students on campus today, with major impacts on health and safety. This book answers crucial questions about why students drink, examines its complex links to campus crime and sexual assault, and offers new insights on how to address the issue. It differs from other studies of college drinking by dispelling the myth that the problem is universal. Dowdall’s research reveals that the incidence of alcohol abuse varies enormously between colleges, and in doing so identifies interventions and policies that have been effective, and those that have failed. His study is also unique in looking “upstream” at the broader cultural, organizational and social forces that shape this behavior, where most studies focus only on “downstream” behaviors, well after students have selected their college and have started drinking. Students and parents can take action to lower the risk of binge drinking by following the book’s recommendations, and consulting the data it provides about alcohol violations and crime at thousands of colleges. For administrators and student affairs personnel, it both defines and illuminates the issue, and outlines effective interventions.

Youth Drinking Cultures

European Experiences

Author: Margaretha Järvinen,Robin Room

Publisher: Ashgate Publishing, Ltd.

ISBN: 9780754649960

Category: Social Science

Page: 178

View: 2628

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Youth Drinking Cultures offers a comprehensive set of perspectives on adolescent drinking in Europe. In the book, a team of leading researchers provides cross-national comparisons to investigate how drinking behaviour varies, examining factors such as gen

Binge Drinking

Author: Stephanie Watson

Publisher: ABDO

ISBN: 1617876542

Category: Juvenile Nonfiction

Page: 112

View: 4072

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This book examines the history, causes, and effects of binge drinking.

Alcohol Problems in Adolescents and Young Adults

Epidemiology. Neurobiology. Prevention. and Treatment

Author: Marc Galanter

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 0306486261

Category: Psychology

Page: 456

View: 805

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Alcohol continues to be the substance of choice for today’s youth, leading to serious physical, psychological, and social consequences. Alcohol Problems in Adolescents and Young Adults ably addresses this growing trend. The latest entry in the Recent Developments in Alcoholism series, it comprehensively presents a wide-ranging clinical picture of teen drinking - epidemiology, neurobiology, behavioral phenomena, diagnostic and assessment issues, prevention and treatment data - in a developmental context. Fifty expert contributors display the scientific rigor, practical wisdom, and nuanced analysis that readers have come to expect from previous volumes. Among the subjects studied in depth: - Initiation of alcohol use/abuse - Risk and protective factors for alcohol dependence - High-risk adolescent populations - Drinking habits of college students - Long-range consequences of teenage drinking - Family-, school-, and community-based prevention programs - Treatment of comorbid substance and psychiatric disorders Clinicians, researchers, and policy makers will find this a bedrock source of evidence-based knowledge, whether one’s goal is choosing an age-appropriate assessment tool for eighth graders, preventing drinking among high school students, or understanding the alcohol-friendliness of campus culture. Here is a critical resource for all professionals dedicated to helping youngsters grow up sober.

How to Change Your Drinking

A Harm Reduction Guide to Alcohol

Author: Kenneth Anderson,Patt Denning

Publisher: HAMS Harm Reduction Network

ISBN: 145383060X

Category: Self-Help

Page: 271

View: 3399

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"Preface by Alan Marlatt, introduction by Patt Denning."--Cover.

Sex Trafficking

A Clinical Guide for Nurses

Author: Mary De Chesnay, PhD, RN, PMHCNS-BC, FAAN

Publisher: Springer Publishing Company

ISBN: 0826171168

Category: Medical

Page: 400

View: 1341

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Awarded third place in the 2013 AJN Book of the Year Awards in the Community-Public Health category "[A]n indispensable volume for nurse educators to use to help to inform new generations of nurses about the topic of sex trafficking...What is striking about this book is its readability. It draws the reader into the chapters with its engaging scenarios and pertinent information... A highly readable guide to sex trafficking for U.S. nurses and other health care professionals." -- Journal of Transcultural Nursing "This is a valuable resource for emergency departments everywhere! It is the gold standard for information about this topic."--Doody's Medical Reviews "This excellent text puts forensic nurses in an excellent position to make an impact one of the 27 million people who are victims, just in the United States, of sex trafficking crimes. It is incumbent on the forensic community to take a stand and lead a charge in first learning about and then putting into action a plan to give a voice to the victims, caring for them as our patients and developing a strategy to help end this crime. This book will help to create the awareness and passion that is needed to accomplish just that."--Forensic Nursing News The statistics are staggering: nearly 27 million people worldwide are currently victims of human trafficking, most frequently girls between the ages of 12 and 14. This is the first clinical guide to assessing and treating victims of sex trafficking, encompassing best practices and strategies for overcoming the severe barriers that this group presents. These barriers most notably include separating victims from their pimps/handlers who exert tight control over their lives, speech, and interactions with healthcare providers. At the heart of the book are consistently organized chapters addressing the major injuries, diseases and psychological traumas for which trafficked victims are likely to seek treatment. These chapters include a description of each condition, culturally based best practices for treatment, special considerations for male, female, and child victims, and expected outcomes. Citing the specialized circumstances of this population, the book discusses how to adapt current treatments to the special needs of these young victims. Additional features include case studies, short bullet points, and easy-to-follow recommendations. The book also discusses human trafficking as a global issue with particular attention to the United States. The guide describes the countrywide resources available for practitioners to learn about sex trafficking in the United States, focusing on Georgia as the only state to offer a comprehensive approach to sex trafficking and a model for the rest of the country. It also addresses health policy implications for practitioners and how to harness the support of law enforcement entities. Key Features: Provides best practices to date in a concise reference-style guide to medical and psychological assessment and treatment of sex trafficking victims Includes case studies and easy-to-follow practice recommendations Describes strategies on overcoming handlersí control over their victims Provides phone numbers and contact information by state or region regarding how to safely involve law enforcement

Binge Drinking and Youth Culture

Alternative Perspectives

Author: Malcolm MacLachlan,Caroline Smyth

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9781904148425

Category: Psychology

Page: 155

View: 4956

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Binge drinking in Ireland, particularly among adolescents, has become an issue of major concern in recent years. This edited volume examines the relationship between binge drinking and the factors that impact on it, in particular certain aspects of youth culture. This book will be of interest to anyone concerned with alcohol consumption more broadly, especially those who wish to place the debate in a broader social context.

Advances in Clinical Child Psychology

Author: Benjamin Lahey

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 1461398207

Category: Psychology

Page: 326

View: 4895

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A decade ago, Advances in Clinical Child Psychology was conceived to provide approximately annual updates on the forward edge of research and practice in this rapidly growing field. A look back at the 56 chapters published in previous volumes provides a broad overview of the direc tion of advancement in clinical child psychology, at least as viewed by one collection of editors, consulting editors, and authors. The trends are clear: There have been decreasing numbers of advances in modes and methods of therapy, an increasing emphasis on the family, a renewed interest in experimental psychopathology (studies of classification, etiol ogy, and prognosis), a growing rapprochement between biological and psychological perspectives, and continued strong interest in cognition and social relationships. The current volume clearly shows these directions in the growth of the field. One chapter discusses etiology, four are concerned with the psychopathology of specific diagnostic categories, one takes an ex panded cognitive approach to social competence, and two look at the family system by examining the effects of male parents and children on other members of the family. A final chapter opens discussion on the important topic of the nature of excellence in the training of clinical child psychologists. It is hoped that this chapter will initiate a national di alogue on this multifaceted and often neglected topic.

Drugs in American Society: An Encyclopedia of History, Politics, Culture, and the Law [3 volumes]

Author: Nancy E. Marion,Willard M. Oliver

Publisher: ABC-CLIO

ISBN: 1610695968

Category: Political Science

Page: 1163

View: 3879

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Containing more than 450 entries, this easy-to-read encyclopedia provides concise information about the history of and recent trends in drug use and drug abuse in the United States—a societal problem with an estimated cost of $559 billion a year. • Contains more than 450 detailed entries on topics ranging from drugs themselves—such as alcohol, codeine, heroin, marijuana, and methamphetamines—to key individuals like Harry Anslinger to organizations such as the Drug Enforcement Administration (DEA) • Covers the latest developments in U.S. policies and public attitudes toward drugs and drug use • Provides citations with each entry to guide users to other valuable research resources • Features carefully selected primary documents—including excerpts from important laws, policies, and campaigns—that have shaped American drug policy over the decades

Third International Conference on System Science in Health Care

Troisième Conférence Internationale sur la Science des Systèmes dans le Domaine de la Santé

Author: W. van Eimeren,R. Engelbrecht,C. D. Flagle

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 3642699391

Category: Medical

Page: 1451

View: 1332

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In the early stages of planning the Third International Conference in System Science in Health Care, the steering committee members, most of whom had participated in the first conference in Paris (1976) and the second in Montreal (1980), made some basic decisions about organization of subject matter. The earlier meetings had been very successful in bringing together specialists from the health professions and the traditional sciences. In addition to physicians and nurses, these were representatives of the disciplines of the behavioral sciences, system theory, economics, engineering, and the emergency fields of management science and informatics -all concerned with the development of health resources in a broad system context. The reported research and experience of the many disciplines represented had dealt with one or more of three concerns: 1) a major health problem, such as cardiovascular disease, or an important popUlation at risk, such as the elderly or children or workers; 2) some generic aspect of organization and decision making, including trial and evaluation ofinnovative health strategies; and 3) the methodology of research and analysis in system of health service. The challenge to the conference organizers lay in the eliciting and arranging of experiences in such a way that the health services could be seen as purposeful,living, evolving systems.

Fetal Alcohol Syndrome and Fetal Alcohol Effects

Author: E.L. Abel

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 1461326699

Category: Psychology

Page: 246

View: 8681

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I have written this book because I felt there was a need to bring together in one place the vast amount of research that has been published in the past 10 years concerning alcohol's effects on the conceptus. My hope is that this book will be of value to the many clinicians, basic research scientists, social workers, and others who are interested in this important issue. The number of such publications continues to grow each year, and it was a very difficult task to review even a proportion of them completely. While I have cited many of these research studies, only those that in my very subjective opinion warranted extended coverage were discussed. In this regard, much of my . ask was facilitated by the many excellent reviews that have already been written. To those whose important contributions have not been discussed or cited, I offer my sincere apologies. Omission of these publications in most cases reflects my own personal interests or awareness, rather than merit.

Constructive Drinking

Author: Mary Douglas

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1134557787

Category: Social Science

Page: 302

View: 7020

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First published in 1987, Constructive Drinking is a series of original case studies organized into three sections based on three major functions of drinking. The three constructive functions are: that drinking has a real social role in everyday life; that drinking can be used to construct an ideal world; and that drinking is a significant economic activity. The case studies deal with a variety of exotic drinks

Mapping the Social Consequences of Alcohol Consumption

Author: Harald Klingemann,G. Gmel

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9401597251

Category: Social Science

Page: 170

View: 7410

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Research on alcohol-related consequences has traditionally focused mainly on health aspects of alcohol consumption or effects which can be more easily quantified or measured. It is evident that alcohol has many consequences which can be characterised as `social' in nature and which are not, or not only, medical and are directly health-related. Such consequences include violence, crime, and psychosocial factors. The increasing relevance of consequences of alcohol consumption other than medical is also reflected in the second European Action Plan 2000-2004 of WHO, aiming at the prevention and reduction of harm done by alcohol to the health and wellbeing of individuals, families, and communities. This book attempts to provide a comprehensive overview of social consequences of alcohol consumption on the individual, group, organisational, and societal level. It is a result of a two-year collaborative study under the leadership of WHO-Euro with the participation of alcohol researchers from Finland, Germany, Norway, Scotland, and Switzerland. Although the book was written by experts in the field, it is targeted not only at scientists, but at all people dealing with alcohol-related problems in practice.

Alcohol Abuse Treatment

Author: Ronald R. Watson

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 1461203635

Category: Medical

Page: 327

View: 1226

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A major national goal is to improve the health of the populace while advancing our opportunities to pursue happiness. Simulta neously, there are both increasing health costs and increasing demands that more be accomplished with less financial support. The number of deaths attributable to the consumption of alcohol in the US is about 100,000 per year, and the annual cost of this addiction is over $100 billion. Improved treatment methods can both reduce these costs and improve health by preventing the continued exposure of abusers to the toxic effects of alcohol. This third volume of Drug and Alcohol Abuse Reviews focuses on the strategies currently thought best for the treatment of alcohol and tobacco abuse. A variety of approaches to treating alcohol abuse employ those psychosocial factors that are known to influence alcohol use in youth and adults. Pharmacotherapy has also been evaluated at the National Institute of Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism by leaders in alcohol treatment research. One key review investigates forming a developmental framework for the treatment of adolescent alcohol abusers, a major challenge. Although the main emphasis is on the treatment of alcoholism, a major cofactor for many drug users is nicotine (tobacco) addiction, whose treatment is also reviewed. And the roles of learning and outpatient services are shown to affect treatment significantly. Thus, the problems confronted and solutions used in alcohol abuse treatment have here been analyzed in concise reviews that provide evidence for today's best hypoth eses and conclusions.

Chance and Commitment

Memoirs of a Medical Scientist

Author: Basil S. Hetzel

Publisher: Wakefield Press

ISBN: 9781862546820

Category: Biography & Autobiography

Page: 301

View: 519

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The work of Dr. Basil Hetzel and his team of researchers has prevented and will continue to prevent millions of people worldwide from being born intellectually disabled. In this memoir, Hetzel recalls his discovery that a single dose of iodized oil added to the diet of pregnant women could eradicate the serious birth defects that had plagued many developing countries.