Hijacked Brains

The Experience and Science of Chronic Addiction

Author: Henrietta Robin Barnes, MD

Publisher: Dartmouth College Press

ISBN: 1611686768

Category: Psychology

Page: 216

View: 3025

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This book, written from the perspective of a practicing primary care physician, interweaves patientsÕ stories with fascinating new brain research to show how addictive drugs overtake basic brain functions and transform them to create a chronic illness that is very difficult to treat. The idea that drug and alcohol addiction are chronic illnesses and not character flaws is not newsÑthis notion has been around for many years. What Hijacked Brains offers is context and personal stories that demonstrate this point in a very accessible package. Dr. Barnes explores how the healthy brain works, how addictive drugs flood basic reward pathways, and what it feels like to grapple with addiction. She discusses how, for individuals, the combination of genetic and environmental factors determines both vulnerability for addiction and the resilience necessary for recovery. Finally, she shows how American culture, with its emphasis on freewill and individualism, tends to blame the addict for bad choices and personal weakness, thereby impeding political and/or health-related efforts to get the addict what she needs to recover.

Discovering Addiction

The Science and Politics of Substance Abuse Research

Author: Nancy Dianne Campbell

Publisher: University of Michigan Press

ISBN: 9780472116102

Category: Medical

Page: 301

View: 2555

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Discovering Addiction brings the history of human and animal experimentation in addiction science into the present with a wealth of archival research and dozens of oral-history interviews with addiction researchers. Professor Campbell examines the birth of addiction science---the National Academy of Sciences's project to find a pharmacological fix for narcotics addiction in the late 1930s---and then explores the human and primate experimentation involved in the succeeding studies of the "opium problem," revealing how addiction science became "brain science" by the 1990s. Psychoactive drugs have always had multiple personalities---some cause social problems; others solve them---and the study of these drugs involves similar contradictions. Discovering Addiction enriches discussions of bioethics by exploring controversial topics, including the federal prison research that took place in the 1970s---a still unresolved debate that continues to divide the research community---and the effect of new rules regarding informed consent and the calculus of risk and benefit. This fascinating volume is both an informative history and a thought-provoking guide that asks whether it is possible to differentiate between ethical and unethical research by looking closely at how science is made. Nancy D. Campbell is Associate Professor of Science and Technology Studies at Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute and the author of Using Women: Gender, Drug Policy, and Social Justice. "Compelling and original, lively and engaging---Discovering Addiction opens up new ways of thinking about drug policy as well as the historical discourses of addiction." ---Carol Stabile, University of Wisconsin--Milwaukee Also available: Student Bodies: The Influence of Student Health Services in American Society and Medicine, by Heather Munro Prescott Illness and the Limits of Expression, by Kathlyn Conway White Coat, Clenched Fist: The Political Education of an American Physician, by Fitzhugh Mullan

Theory and Practice of Addiction Counseling

Author: Pamela S. Lassiter,John R. Culbreth

Publisher: SAGE Publications

ISBN: 1506317359

Category: Education

Page: 424

View: 7882

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Theory and Practice of Addiction Counseling by Pamela S. Lassiter and John R. Culbreth brings together contemporary theories of addiction and helps readers connect those theories to practice using a common multicultural case study. Theories covered include motivational interviewing, moral theory, developmental theory, cognitive behavioral theories, attachment theory, and sociological theory. Each chapter focuses on a single theory, describing its basic tenets, philosophical underpinnings, key concepts, and strengths and weaknesses. Each chapter also shows how practitioners using the theory would respond to a common case study, giving readers the opportunity to compare how the different theoretical approaches are applied to client situations. A final chapter discusses approaches to relapse prevention.

The Brain

Big Bangs, Behaviors, and Beliefs

Author: Rob DeSalle,Ian Tattersall

Publisher: Yale University Press

ISBN: 0300183569

Category: Science

Page: 320

View: 6911

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After several million years of jostling for ecological space, only one survivor from a host of hominid species remains standing: us. Human beings are extraordinary creatures, and it is the unprecedented human brain that makes them so. In this delightfully accessible book, the authors present the first full, step-by-step account of the evolution of the brain and nervous system. Tapping the very latest findings in evolutionary biology, neuroscience, and molecular biology, Rob DeSalle and Ian Tattersall explain how the cognitive gulf that separates us from all other living creatures could have occurred. They discuss the development and uniqueness of human consciousness, how human and nonhuman brains work, the roles of different nerve cells, the importance of memory and language in brain functions, and much more. Our brains, they conclude, are the product of a lengthy and supremely untidy history—an evolutionary process of many zigs and zags—that has accidentally resulted in a splendidly eccentric and creative product.

One Nation Under Therapy

How the Helping Culture Is Eroding Self-Reliance

Author: Christina Hoff Sommers,Dr. Sally Satel, M.D.

Publisher: St. Martin's Press

ISBN: 1429908955

Category: Social Science

Page: 320

View: 9574

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Americans have traditionally placed great value on self-reliance and fortitude. In recent decades, however, we have seen the rise of a therapeutic ethic that views Americans as emotionally underdeveloped, psychically frail, and requiring the ministrations of mental health professionals to cope with life's vicissitudes. Being "in touch with one's feelings" and freely expressing them have become paramount personal virtues. Today-with a book for every ailment, a counselor for every crisis, a lawsuit for every grievance, and a TV show for every conceivable problem-we are at risk of degrading our native ability to cope with life's challenges. Drawing on established science and common sense, Christina Hoff Sommers and Dr. Sally Satel reveal how "therapism" and the burgeoning trauma industry have come to pervade our lives. Help is offered everywhere under the presumption that we need it: in children's classrooms, the workplace, churches, courtrooms, the media, the military. But with all the "help" comes a host of troubling consequences, including: * The myth of stressed-out, homework-burdened, hypercompetitive, and depressed or suicidal schoolchildren in need of therapy and medication * The loss of moral bearings in our approach to lying, crime, addiction, and other foibles and vices * The unasked-for "grief counselors" who descend on bereaved families, schools, and communities following a tragedy, offering dubious advice while billing plenty of money * The expansion of Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder from an affliction of war veterans to nearly everyone who has experienced a setback Intelligent, provocative, and wryly amusing, One Nation Under Therapy demonstrates that "talking about" problems is no substitute for confronting them.

Hijacked by Your Brain

How to Free Yourself When Stress Takes Over

Author: Julian Ford,Jon Wortmann

Publisher: Sourcebooks, Inc.

ISBN: 1402273290

Category: Self-Help

Page: 240

View: 7976

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What do you do when stress takes over your life, and nothing you do to feel better seems to work? When you... •Melt down over the smallest things •Get angry at the people you love •Choke under pressure •Feel tense and worried all the time •Procrastinate or give up in the face of a crucial deadline •Use food, alcohol, gambling, or other addictions to cope •Dwell on the past when you just want to move on Hijacked by Your Brain is the first book to explain how stress changes your brain and what you can do about it. Stress is not the enemy. In order to reduce stress, you have to understand why your brain causes you to feel stress and how you can take advantage of it to handle the high-stress people and situations in your life. This groundbreaking book reveals the step missing in most stress reduction guides. We can't stop stress, but we can control the effect stress has on us. Hijacked by Your Brain is the user's manual for your brain that shows you how to free yourself when stress takes over.

Your Food Is Fooling You

How Your Brain Is Hijacked by Sugar, Fat, and Salt

Author: David A. Kessler, M.D.

Publisher: Roaring Brook Press

ISBN: 1596438487

Category: Young Adult Nonfiction

Page: 192

View: 4002

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Teen edition of the New York Times bestseller, The End of Overeating Former commissioner of the US Food and Drug Administration David A. Kessler, M.D., argues forcefully that our brain chemistry is being hijacked by the food we eat: that by consuming stimulating combinations of sugar, fat, and salt, we're conditioning our bodies to crave more sugar, fat, and salt—and consigning ourselves to a vicious cycle of overeating. Adapted from the adult trade bestseller The End of Overeating, Your Food Is Fooling You is concise and direct and delivers the same message, many of the fascinating case studies, and the same advice for breaking bad eating habits in a voice and format that's accessible, positive, and affirming for teenagers. Young people are at most risk of forming bad eating habits—but they're also highly aware of body image and highly responsive to positive messages about health and diet. Your Food Is Fooling You is a readable, authoritative, and entertaining call to action by one of our nation's leading public health figures.

Hijacked

How Your Brain Is Fooled by Food

Author: David A. Kessler

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9781770495036

Category: Juvenile Nonfiction

Page: 192

View: 9600

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Explains why our bodies crave fast food.

Mom Connection

Creating Vibrant Relationships in the Midst of Motherhood

Author: Tracey Bianchi

Publisher: Baker Books

ISBN: 0800721152

Category: Family & Relationships

Page: 208

View: 8580

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A mom's guide to creating vibrant friendships with other women that feed both their creativity and sense of purpose in the larger world.

Flug 2039

Roman

Author: Chuck Palahniuk

Publisher: Goldmann Verlag

ISBN: 3641153131

Category: Fiction

Page: 320

View: 715

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Er scheint ein ganz normales Leben zu führen: Tender Brenson arbeitet tagsüber als Hausdiener, und nachts übt er sich in telefonischer Seelsorge. Doch er ist der Letzte seiner Art, der letzte Überlebende einer strenggläubigen, kultischen Gemeinde, die kollektiven Selbstmord verübt hat. Allerdings scheint jemand bei manchem Mitglied etwas nachgeholfen zu haben, und auch Brensons Stunden sind gezählt...

Hijacked by Jesus (eBook)

Author: Stephan Joubert

Publisher: Christian Art Publishers

ISBN: 1432102192

Category: Religion

Page: 184

View: 1462

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After having been the victim of a hijacking Stephan Joubert realized that he had a second chance to truly live for God. From that point on he has allowed Jesus to totally and gracefully transform his life. Stephan explains that a Jesus-hijacking is about people who have been touched by the story of Jesus. People who have been hijacked by the grace of God spread goodness around like wildfire. They constantly infect other people with the right virus – grace. They are highly contagious and beautifully dangerous. They set wildfires of mercy alight that spread from person to person, and to the rest of God’s creation. HIJACKED BY JESUS will inspire readers to walk much closer to the Savior and equip them to be grace distributors in their homes, churches and the world around them.

Das weibliche Gehirn

Warum Frauen anders sind als Männer

Author: Louann Brizendine

Publisher: Hoffmann und Campe

ISBN: 3455850782

Category: Social Science

Page: 320

View: 2275

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Was Frauen zu Frauen macht Warum gebrauchen Frauen 20 000 Wörter am Tag, während Männer nur 7000 schaffen? Warum erinnern sie sich an Konflikte, von denen Männer meinen, es habe sie nie gegeben - und das, obwohl ihr Gehirn um 9 Prozent kleiner ist? Die Neuropsychiaterin Louann Brizendine präsentiert neueste Erkenntnisse der Gehirnforschung und erklärt in ihrem viel diskutierten Buch, warum Frauen die Welt so gründlich anders sehen als Männer. »Allen Männern zur Lektüre empfohlen, wenn sie gerade nicht an Sex denken.« Weltwoche

Wildclown Hijacked

Author: G. Wells Taylor

Publisher: G. Wells Taylor

ISBN: N.A

Category: Fiction

Page: 208

View: 4390

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A BODY SNATCHER IN GREASETOWN? The Gorshin Institute offers a miracle cure for rich and famous addicts. When a millionaire's son in Wildclown's care goes missing, the detective has to risk it all to clear his name. Wildclown battles through a gruesome landscape of undead bandits and body snatchers to a final showdown with a mad scientist high above the world of Change.

Guillotine and Elopement

Author: Yang-Un Moon

Publisher: iUniverse

ISBN: 146971552X

Category: Fiction

Page: 144

View: 6416

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Get out that chill night to see that Milky Way that effulgence of knowledge that liquidating electronic circuit opening to spread throughout...from the memorial fountain through that...that power of force moving sparkling light of our wealth...worth to imponderate nothing more than survival to learn and to be free again as before as long before that eloping hours of...equitation that fierce elopement from the all too mundane seal...none chasing after resigned fate and promise for delivery...broken laser blade and perished guillotine out of survival...

Handling Student Frustrations

How do I help students manage emotions in the classroom? (ASCD Arias)

Author: Renate Caine,Carol McClintic

Publisher: ASCD

ISBN: 141661916X

Category: Education

Page: 42

View: 5391

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When students' fears, stresses, and frustrations creep into the classroom and disrupt the learning process, how can you respond in a positive way that results in better relationships and higher levels of motivation and achievement? Renate Caine and Carol McClintic draw on their decades of teaching experience to propose the APA method: * Acknowledge. Help the student accept the situation, including his or her own reaction. * Process. Help the student clarify what is actually taking place. Then mutually come up with an action plan for moving forward. * Act. Help the student implement the action plan. This approach pulls back the curtain on emotional flare-ups and not only encourages students to recognize emotions in themselves and others but also motivates them to implement proactive solutions rather than let negative emotions sabotage their academic goals. Caine and McClintic also include several grade-appropriate classroom scenarios and relevant strategies that will help you create more peaceful, respectful, and productive learning environments.

Discussing the Undiscussable

A Guide to Overcoming Defensive Routines in the Workplace

Author: William R. Noonan

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1118429842

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 288

View: 1666

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Since his 1990 landmark book Overcoming Organizational Defenses, Chris Argyris has extensively researched and written about how well-meaning, smart people create vicious cycles of defensive behavior to protect themselves from embarrassment and threat. In Discussing the Undiscussable, Bill Noonan enlivens the scholarly work of Chris Argyris through the use of reflective exercises and easy-to-read chapters that illuminate the basic human experience endemic to the creation of defensive routines. This book offers hope for altering organizational defensive routines by leveraging the greatest opportunity for change—the way we think and act. Discussing the Undiscussable provides a set of practical “how to do” exercises for detecting, surfacing, and discussing organizational defensive routines in a safe and productive way. The combination of text, business fable, and interactive and reflective exercises is versatile in its application to both individuals and groups. The companion DVD contains video vignettes of the book’s business fable where the actors model both defensive routines and virtuous cycles of behavior. Readers will instantly recognize what has long been going on in the workplace, and will be able to develop the skills to talk about it productively.

The Politics of Deviance

Author: Anne B. Hendershott

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Social Science

Page: 194

View: 9529

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Arguing against the grain of her own discipline, Anne Hendershott asserts the value and strength of the most important of all determinants of behavior--social norms and the commitment to accept them. The Politics of Deviance maintains that definitions of deviance that rely upon reason, and not emotion or political advocacy, are indispensable to the process of generating and sustaining cultural values and reaffirming the moral ties that bind us together.

Drogen

Die Geschichte eines langen Krieges

Author: Johann Hari

Publisher: S. Fischer Verlag

ISBN: 3104035687

Category: Fiction

Page: 448

View: 1098

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»Hari vereint präzise Recherche mit einer zutiefst menschlichen Erzählung. Dieses Buch wird eine dringend notwendige Debatte auslösen.« Glenn Greenwald Der Krieg gegen die Drogen gilt inzwischen als gescheitert, der Handel mit Drogen ist ein blühendes Geschäft, alle Maßnahmen gegen den Konsum sind weitgehend erfolglos. Woran liegt das? Der britische Journalist Johann Hari begibt sich auf eine einzigartige Reise – von Brooklyn über Mexiko bis nach Deutschland – und erzählt die Geschichten derjenigen, deren Leben vom immerwährenden Kampf gegen Drogen geprägt ist: von Dealern, Süchtigen, Kartellmitgliedern, den Verlierern und Profiteuren. Mit seiner grandiosen literarischen Reportage schreibt Hari sowohl eine Geschichte des Krieges gegen Drogen als auch ein mitreißendes und streitbares Plädoyer zum Umdenken. »Hervorragender Journalismus, packend erzählt.« Naomi Klein »Phantastisch!« Noam Chomsky