Hilary Putnam

Author: Maximilian De Gaynesford

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1317494091

Category: Philosophy

Page: 248

View: 9386

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Putnam is one of the most influential philosophers of recent times, and his authority stretches far beyond the confines of the discipline. However, there is a considerable challenge in presenting his work both accurately and accessibly. This is due to the width and diversity of his published writings and to his frequent spells of radical re-thinking. But if we are to understand how and why philosophy is developing as it is, we need to attend to Putnam's whole career. He has had a dramatic influence on theories of meaning, semantic content, and the nature of mental phenomena, on interpretations of quantum mechanics, theory-change, logic and mathematics, and on what shape we should desire for future philosophy. By presenting the whole of his career within its historical context, de Gaynesford discovers a basic unity in his work, achieved through repeated engagements with a small set of hard problems. By foregrounding this integrity, the book offers an account of his philosophy that is both true to Putnam and helpful to readers of his work.

Realism with a Human Face

Author: Hilary Putnam,James Conant

Publisher: Harvard University Press

ISBN: 9780674749450

Category: Philosophy

Page: 347

View: 7355

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The time has come to reform philosophy, says Hilary Putnam, one of America's great philosophers. He calls upon philosophers to attend to the gap between the present condition of their subject and the human aspirations that philosophy should and once did claim to represent. Putnam's goal is to embed philosophy in social life. The first part of this book is dedicated to metaphysical questions. Putnam rejects the contemporary metaphysics that insists on describing both the mind and the world from a God's-eye view. In its place he argues for pluralism, for a philosophy that is not a closed systematic method but a human practice connected to real life. Philosophy has a task, to be sure, but it is not to provide an inventory of the basic furniture of the universe or to separate reality in itself from our own projections. Putnam makes it clear that science is not in the business of describing a ready-made world, and philosophy should not be in that business either. The author moves on to show that the larger human context in which science matters is a world of values animated by ethics and aesthetic judgments. No adequate philosophy should try to explain away ethical facts. The dimension of history is added in the third part of the book. Here Putnam takes up a set of American philosophers, some firmly within and others outside the canon of analytic philosophy, such as William James and C. S. Peirce, and he explores the pragmatist contribution to philosophy from James to Quine and Goodman. This book connects issues in metaphysics with cultural and literary issues and argues that the collapse of philosophical realism does not entail a fall into the abyss of relativism and postmodern skepticism. It is aimed primarily at philosophers but should appeal to a wide range of humanists and social scientists.

Philosophical Papers: Volume 3, Realism and Reason

Author: Hilary Putnam

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9780521313940

Category: Philosophy

Page: 332

View: 3633

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Volume Three is the completion of philosophical papers by one of America's most distinguished philosophers. His works mark his highly significant and original contribution in a number of related fields and they have been praised for "their sophistication, clear sightedness, depth and power".

The Philosophy of Hilary Putnam

Author: Randall E. Auxier,Douglas R. Anderson,Lewis Edwin Hahn

Publisher: Open Court

ISBN: 0812698983

Category: Philosophy

Page: 960

View: 3127

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Hilary Putnam, who turned 88 in 2014, is one of the world’s greatest living philosophers. He currently holds the position of Cogan University Professor Emeritus of Harvard. He has been called “one of the 20th century’s true philosophic giants” (by Malcolm Thorndike Nicholson in Prospect magazine in 2013). He has been very influential in several different areas of philosophy: philosophy of mathematics, philosophy of language, philosophy of mind, and philosophy of science. This volume in the prestigious Library of Living Philosophers series contains 26 chapters original to this work, each written by a well-known philosopher, including the late Richard Rorty and the late Michael Dummett. The volume also includes Putnam’s reply to each of the 26 critical and descriptive essays, which cover the broad range of Putnam’s thought. They are organized thematically into the following parts: Philosophy and Mathematics, Logic and Language, Knowing and Being, Philosophy of Practice, and Elements of Pragmatism. Readers will also appreciate the extensive Intellectual Autobiography.

Philosophical Papers: Volume 1, Mathematics, Matter and Method

Author: Hilary Putnam

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9780521295505

Category: Mathematics

Page: 364

View: 2896

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Professor Hilary Putnam has been one of the most influential and sharply original of recent American philosophers in a whole range of fields. His most important published work is collected here, together with several new and substantial studies, in two volumes. The first deals with the philosophy of mathematics and of science and the nature of philosophical and scientific enquiry; the second deals with the philosophy of language and mind. Volume one is now issued in a new edition, including an essay on the philosophy of logic first published in 1971.

Reason, Truth and History

Author: Hilary Putnam

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9780521297769

Category: Philosophy

Page: 222

View: 8700

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Hilary Putnam deals in this book with some of the most fundamental persistent problems in philosophy: the nature of truth, knowledge and rationality. His aim is to break down the fixed categories of thought which have always appeared to define and constrain the permissible solutions to these problems.

Representation and Reality

Author: Hilary Putnam

Publisher: MIT Press

ISBN: 9780262660747

Category: Philosophy

Page: 136

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The author, one of the first philosophers to advance the notion that the computer is an apt model for the mind, takes a radical view of his own theory of functionalism in this book.

Words and Life

Author: Hilary Putnam,James Conant

Publisher: Harvard University Press

ISBN: 9780674956070

Category: Philosophy

Page: 531

View: 1730

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"Words and Life" offers a sweeping account of the sources of several of the central problems of philosophy, past and present. A unifying theme of the volume is that reductionism, scientism, and old-style disenchanted naturalism tend to be obstacles to philosophical progress. The sweep of the problems considered here comprehends all the fundamental areas of contemporary analytic philosophy.

Meaning and the Moral Sciences (Routledge Revivals)

Author: Hilary Putnam

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1136961836

Category: Philosophy

Page: 158

View: 928

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First published in 1978, this reissue presents a seminal philosophical work by professor Putnam, in which he puts forward a conception of knowledge which makes ethics, practical knowledge and non-mathematic parts of the social sciences just as much parts of 'knowledge' as the sciences themselves. He also rejects the idea that knowledge can be demarcated from non-knowledge by the fact that the former alone adheres to 'the scientific method'. The first part of the book consists of Professor Putnam's John Locke lectures, delivered at the University of Oxford in 1976, offering a detailed examination of a 'physicalist' theory of reference against a background of the works of Tarski, Carnap, Popper, Hempel and Kant. The analysis then extends to notions of truth, the character of linguistic enquiry and social scientific enquiry in general, interconnecting with the great metaphysical problem of realism, the nature of language and reference, and the character of ourselves.

Ethics Without Ontology

Author: Hilary PUTNAM

Publisher: Harvard University Press

ISBN: 9780674013100

Category: Medical

Page: 160

View: 5620

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In this brief book one of the most distinguished living American philosophers takes up the question of whether ethical judgments can properly be considered objective--a question that has vexed philosophers over the past century. Reviewing what he deems the disastrous consequences of ontology's influence on analytic philosophy--in particular, the contortions it imposes upon debates about the objective of ethical judgments--Putnam proposes abandoning the very idea of ontology.

Vernunft, Wahrheit und Geschichte

Author: Hilary Putnam

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9783518284537

Category: History

Page: 293

View: 3681

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Putnam geht es in diesem Buch darum, eingefleischte Dichotomien aufzulösen und zu zeigen, wie scheinbar ganz verschiedenartige Standpunkte zusammenhängen. Wahrheit und Rationalität, Tatsachen und Werte - dies sind die Gegenstände seiner Untersuchung. Einerseits wird dargelegt, daß althergebrachte Etiketten wie ”Objektivismus“ und ”Subjektivismus“ keine rein durchzuhaltenden Standpunkte bezeichnen. Andererseits macht Putnam deutlich, daß scheinbar völlig unzusammenhängende oder gar gegensätzliche Positionen auf ähnlichen Illusionen und verfehlten Denkstrategien beruhen und so mit den gleichen Argumenten entkräftet werden können. Ausgehend von grundlegenden sprachanalytischen Überlegungen und mit an Kant und Wittgenstein geschultem Problembewußtsein stellt Putnam dar, daß jede Wahl eines Begriffssystems notwendig Wertsetzungen widerspiegelt und daß es keineswegs unmöglich ist, rationale Entscheidungen darüber zu treffen, welche Werte gut und welche Werte schlecht sind. (Quelle: www.suhrkamp.de).

Philosophy of Mathematics

Selected Readings

Author: Paul Benacerraf,Hilary Putnam

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1107268133

Category: Science

Page: N.A

View: 1620

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The twentieth century has witnessed an unprecedented 'crisis in the foundations of mathematics', featuring a world-famous paradox (Russell's Paradox), a challenge to 'classical' mathematics from a world-famous mathematician (the 'mathematical intuitionism' of Brouwer), a new foundational school (Hilbert's Formalism), and the profound incompleteness results of Kurt Gödel. In the same period, the cross-fertilization of mathematics and philosophy resulted in a new sort of 'mathematical philosophy', associated most notably (but in different ways) with Bertrand Russell, W. V. Quine, and Gödel himself, and which remains at the focus of Anglo-Saxon philosophical discussion. The present collection brings together in a convenient form the seminal articles in the philosophy of mathematics by these and other major thinkers. It is a substantially revised version of the edition first published in 1964 and includes a revised bibliography. The volume will be welcomed as a major work of reference at this level in the field.

Philosophical Papers: Volume 2, Mind, Language and Reality

Author: Hilary Putnam

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9780521295512

Category: Philosophy

Page: 457

View: 9558

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Professor Hilary Putnam's most important published work is collected here, together with several new and substantial studies, in two volumes. The first deals with the philosophy of mathematics and of science and the nature of philosophical and scientific enquiry; the second deals with the philosophy of language and mind.

Key Philosophers in Conversation

Author: Andrew Pyle

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1134679173

Category: Philosophy

Page: 272

View: 2419

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Key Philosophers in Conversation is a fascinating collection of interviews presenting the ideas of some of the worlds leading contemporary philosophers. Each interview features a discussion with a key philosopher looking at philosophical issues such as; the philosophy of mind, ethics, science, political philosophy and the history of philosophy. Those interviewed are; W.V.O Quine, Michael Dummet, Mary Warnock, Hilary Putnam, Alasdair MacIntyre, Daniel Dennett, Martha Nussbaum, Roger Scruton, Bernard Williams, Jean Hampton, Richard Dawkins, Derek Parfit, Peter Strawson, David Gauthier, Hugh Mellor, John Cottingham, Adam Morton, Stefan Korner, Richard Sorabji and Nancy Cartwright. This book offers an excellent insight to contemporary philosophy and is ideal for anyone seeking an introduction to what is happening in Philosophy today.

The Twin Earth Chronicles

Twenty Years of Reflection on Hilary Putnam's "The Meaning of 'meaning'"

Author: Andrew Pessin,Sanford Goldberg

Publisher: M.E. Sharpe

ISBN: 9781563248733

Category: Language and languages

Page: 410

View: 9648

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In 1975, Harvard philosopher Hilary Putnam published a paper called The Meaning of `Meaning,' in which he challenged the orthodox view in the philosophies of language and mind. The article's Twin Earth thought experiment was simple, but the philosophical conclusions deriving from it--about the nature of meaning and reference, of thought, of knowledge--were shocking. Now, on the twentieth anniversay of the publication of Putnam's paper, Andrew Pessin and Sandford Goldberg have collected the very best of the writing by the leading philosophers on the subject of Twin Earth. With a new introductory essay by Hilary Putnam, this volume will acquaint novice philosophers with one of the most important debates in twentieth century philosophy and provide seasoned readers with a useful compendium of writing on essential questions in the philosophies of language and mind.

Hilary Putnam

Author: Lance P. Hickey

Publisher: A&C Black

ISBN: 1847060773

Category: Philosophy

Page: 191

View: 9208

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This book offers an overview of Putnam's ideas, his key writings and his contributions to the various fields of philosophy. Thematically organized, the book begins with Putnam's work in the philosophy of language and shows how his theory of semantic externalism serves as a lynchpin for understanding his thought as a whole. Crucially, the author also examines the ways in which Putnam has shifted his position on some key philosophical issues and argues that there is in fact more unity to Putnam's thought than is widely believed. An entire chapter is devoted to Putnam's pragmatism and the possibilities this provides for revitalizing contemporary philosophy. This is the ideal companion to study of this hugely influential thinker.

Warum es die Welt nicht gibt

Author: Markus Gabriel

Publisher: Ullstein eBooks

ISBN: 3843705100

Category: Philosophy

Page: 272

View: 8682

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Die Welt gibt es nicht. Aber das bedeutet nicht, dass es überhaupt nichts gibt. Mit Freude an geistreichen Gedankenspielen, Sprachwitz und Mut zur Provokation legt der Philosoph Markus Gabriel dar, dass es zwar nichts gibt, was es nicht gibt – die Welt aber unvollständig ist. Wobei noch längst nicht alles gut ist, nur weil es alles gibt. Und Humor hilft durchaus dabei, sich mit den Abgründen des menschlichen Seins auseinanderzusetzen.

Philosophy in an Age of Science

Physics, Mathematics, and Skepticism

Author: Hilary Putnam,Mario De Caro,David Macarthur

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9780674050136

Category: Philosophy

Page: 659

View: 9787

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Hilary Putnam has at last paused from philosophizing to collect his papers for publication—his first volume in almost two decades. Contributing to a broad range of philosophical inquiry, Putnam has been said to represent a “history of recent philosophy in outline.” In this volume he suggests philosophy's possible future, as well.