Himalayan Glaciers

Hydrology and Hydrochemistry

Author: Syed Iqbal Hasnain

Publisher: Allied Publishers

ISBN: 9788170239222

Category: Glaciers

Page: 234

View: 5594

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Himalayan Glaciers:

Climate Change, Water Resources, and Water Security

Author: Committee on Himalayan Glaciers, Hydrology, Climate Change, and Implications for Water Security,Board on Atmospheric Sciences and Climate,Division on Earth and Life Studies,National Research Council

Publisher: National Academies Press

ISBN: 0309260981

Category: Science

Page: 143

View: 8039

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Scientific evidence shows that most glaciers in South Asia's Hindu Kush Himalayan region are retreating, but the consequences for the region's water supply are unclear, this report finds. The Hindu Kush Himalayan region is the location of several of Asia's great river systems, which provide water for drinking, irrigation, and other uses for about 1.5 billion people. Recent studies show that at lower elevations, glacial retreat is unlikely to cause significant changes in water availability over the next several decades, but other factors, including groundwater depletion and increasing human water use, could have a greater impact. Higher elevation areas could experience altered water flow in some river basins if current rates of glacial retreat continue, but shifts in the location, intensity, and variability of rain and snow due to climate change will likely have a greater impact on regional water supplies. Himalayan Glaciers: Climate Change, Water Resources, and Water Security makes recommendations and sets guidelines for the future of climate change and water security in the Himalayan Region. This report emphasizes that social changes, such as changing patterns of water use and water management decisions, are likely to have at least as much of an impact on water demand as environmental factors do on water supply. Water scarcity will likely affect the rural and urban poor most severely, as these groups have the least capacity to move to new locations as needed. It is predicted that the region will become increasingly urbanized as cities expand to absorb migrants in search of economic opportunities. As living standards and populations rise, water use will likely increase-for example, as more people have diets rich in meat, more water will be needed for agricultural use. The effects of future climate change could further exacerbate water stress. Himalayan Glaciers: Climate Change, Water Resources, and Water Security explains that changes in the availability of water resources could play an increasing role in political tensions, especially if existing water management institutions do not better account for the social, economic, and ecological complexities of the region. To effectively respond to the effects of climate change, water management systems will need to take into account the social, economic, and ecological complexities of the region. This means it will be important to expand research and monitoring programs to gather more detailed, consistent, and accurate data on demographics, water supply, demand, and scarcity.

Himalayan Snow and Glaciers

Associated Environmental Problems, Progress, and Prospects

Author: Jagdish Bahadur

Publisher: Concept Publishing Company

ISBN: 9788180690914

Category: Glaciology

Page: 164

View: 6473

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Provides An Overview Of Himalayan Snow, Glaciers, Ice Ages, Glaciation, History Of Efforts For The Study Of Himalayan Glaciers. Information Relating To Extent Of Snow, Glacier Fields, Their Characteristics, Influence On The Climate, Perenimal Rivers, Soil Erosion And Sedment Transport, Environmetnal Problems, Modern Technologies Such A Remote Sensing Etc.

Bird Migration across the Himalayas

Wetland Functioning amidst Mountains and Glaciers

Author: Herbert H. T. Prins,Tsewang Namgail

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1107114713

Category: Nature

Page: 458

View: 3653

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Birds migrating across the Himalayan region fly over the highest peaks in the world, facing immense physiological and climatic challenges. The authors show the different strategies used by birds to cope with these challenges. Many wetland avian species are seen in the high-altitude lakes of the Himalayas and the adjoining Tibetan Plateau, such as Bar-Headed Geese. Ringing programmes have generated information about origins and destinations, and this book is the first to present information on the bird's exact migratory paths. Capitalising on knowledge generated through satellite telemetry, the authors describe the migratory routes of a multitude of birds flying over or skirting the Himalayas. The myriad of threats to migratory birds and the wetland system in the Central Asian Flyway are discussed, with ways to mitigate them. This volume will inform and persuade policy-makers and conservation practitioners to take appropriate measures for the long-term survival of this unique migration.

Climate Change, Glacier Response, and Vegetation Dynamics in the Himalaya

Contributions Toward Future Earth Initiatives

Author: RB Singh,Udo Schickhoff,Suraj Mal

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 3319289772

Category: Science

Page: 399

View: 484

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This book provides information essential for anyone interested in climate and environmental change of the Himalayan region, including land and resource managers, environmental planners, conservationists, environmentalists, geographers, climatologists, ecologists, and students. The book is unique in its coverage of the current understanding of the science of climate change in the Himalayan mountain system and of the major impacts on physical systems and ecosystems. The book gives an overview of the physical science basis of climate change and explains drivers and processes of glacier and vegetation dynamics. The book covers relevant aspects of accelerated climate change observed in the Himalayan mountain system, and highlights the regional differentiation of climatic changes and associated environmental modifications. The focus is on climate variability and change, and how physical systems and ecosystems respond to climate change impacts. Consequences include impacts on physical systems such as glacier shrinkage, glacial lake outburst floods, altered hydrological characteristics, permafrost warming and thawing, and mass movements on slopes. Climate change is also a powerful stressor on ecosystems and induces range shifts of plant and animal species and alterations in terms of phenology, biomass, plant cover, plant group dominance and species composition. Thus, ecosystem structure and functioning will be strongly affected. The book has an introductory chapter followed by a section on climate change, a section on impacts on glaciers and hydrology, and a section on vegetation dynamics. Each section has several chapters presenting key concepts, major drivers and key processes of environmental change in the Himalayan region from different perspectives. Climate change impacts in the Himalaya have not been studied in much detail, and respective findings were not presented so far in a comprehensive overview. This book summarizes the current knowledge of interactions between climate change and the dynamics of glaciers, hydrology, and vegetation.

International Conflict over Water Resources in Himalayan Asia

Author: R. Wirsing,C. Jasparro,D. Stoll

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 1137292199

Category: Political Science

Page: 273

View: 3686

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The authors explore the fresh water crisis of Himalayan Asia. While the region hosts some of the world's mightiest rivers, it is also home to rapidly modernizing, increasingly affluent, and demographically multiplying societies, ensuring the rapid depletion of water resources and of disputes over ownership of transboundary waters.

Dynamics of Climate Change and Water Resources of Northwestern Himalaya

Author: Rajesh Joshi,Kireet Kumar,Lok Man S Palni

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 3319137433

Category: Science

Page: 204

View: 8468

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This book is about the Himalayan ranges as a source of fresh water supply and a perennial store house of ice, snow and permafrost as well as a vast repository of rich biodiversity, in the light of climate change. Special attention is given to the dynamics of snow and glaciers in the northwestern Himalayas, assessment of climate change patterns, and the consequences of changes and flow regime in order to understand the behaviour of climate change in the northwestern Himalayas. The outcome of melting glaciers are pro-glacial lakes. Their increasing size and potential danger of outbursts requires systematic study, particularly where there is the risk of impact on life and property. Furthermore, the changing trend of the hydrological cycle on a regional or local scale is another area of research which calls for the attention of geoscientists. To date there is a scarcity of reliable data meaning that a concerted effort is still required by all parties.

Debris-covered Glaciers

Proceedings of an International Workshop Held at the University of Washington in Seattle, Washington, USA, 13-15 September 2000

Author: A. Fountain

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9781901502312

Category: Glaciers

Page: 288

View: 5160

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A Textbook of Agricultural Extension Management

Author: K.R. Gupta

Publisher: Atlantic Publishers & Dist

ISBN: 9788126908813

Category: Agricultural education

Page: 171

View: 519

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Global Warming Is One Of The Most Serious Threats That The Planet Earth And Its Inhabitants May Ever Face. The Earth S Climate Has Changed Throughout The Earth S History From Glacial Periods When Ice Covered Significant Portions Of The Earth To Interglacial Periods When Ice Either Retreated To Poles Or Melted Entirely. Since The Advent Of Industrial Revolution , Man-Made Activities Have Added Significant Quantities Of Greenhouse Gases To The Atmosphere. Burning Of Fossil Fuels On A Massive Scale Is Releasing Huge Amount Of Carbon Dioxide Which Is One Of The Major Gases Causing Global Warming; Other Gases Include Methane, Nitrous Oxide, Hydrofluorocarbons And Sulphur Hexafluoride.The Un S Intergovernmental Panel On Climate Change Emphasizes That The Warming Of The Climate System Is Unequivocal And That It Is Happening Because Of Unsustainable Human Activities. The Report Also States That Average Temperature Of Earth Will Rise Around 3°C In This Century If Greenhouse Gas Emissions Continue To Rise At Current Pace. This Will Have Adverse Impacts On Agricultural Production, Food Security And Availability Of Fresh Water. The Climate Changes Anticipated Due To Global Warming Will Lead To Intensification Of Tropical Cyclones, Irregular Rainfall Patterns And Frequent Droughts And Floods.The Book Examines In Detail A Variety Of Topics Ranging From The History Of Global Warming To The Current Global Trends. It Focuses On The Controversy Regarding The Main Causes Of Global Warming, The Role Of Un On Climate Change, And Specific Problems Of India In This Regard. It Also Studies Its Overall Projected Impacts, Sectorwise Impacts On Different Regions, The Importance Of The Himalayan Glacial System And The Effect Of Present Climatic Conditions On Himalayan Glaciers, Vast Coastal Areas And Numerous Islands. The Latest Initiatives And Measures Taken To Reverse The Dangerous Process Of Global Warming Form An Integral Part Of The Book.The Book Will Be Highly Useful To The Government Executives, Policymakers And Ngos Concerned With Global Warming Problems. It Will Also Be Useful To The Students, Teachers And Researchers In The Field Of Environment. Common Readers Will Also Find It Interesting And Informative.

Himalayas Melting and Peninsular India Wilting

Author: D. Raveendranathan

Publisher: Notion Press

ISBN: 1947202448

Category: Nature

Page: 204

View: 7991

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The great Himalayas are a range containing snow-capped peaks; however, these are melting at a rapid rate due to global warming and climate change. So far, this has already resulted in floods, landslides and other natural disasters.

Environmental and Climate Change in South and Southeast Asia

How are Local Cultures Coping?

Author: N.A

Publisher: BRILL

ISBN: 9004273220

Category: Political Science

Page: 350

View: 3941

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Environmental and Climate Change in South and Southeast Asia offers a cultural studies' perspective on how local cultures cope with climate changes and environmental crises. The focus is on Hindu India, Islamic Indonesia, Buddhist Thailand, and Himalayan glaciers.

Global Land Ice Measurements from Space

Author: Jeffrey Stuart Kargel

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 3540798188

Category: Science

Page: 936

View: 4313

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Global Land Ice Measurements from Space - Satellite Multispectral Imaging of Glaciers (GLIMS book for short) will be the leading state-of-the-art technical and interpretive presentation of satellite image data and analysis of the changing state of the world's glaciers. The book will be by far the most definitive, comprehensive product of a global glacier remote sensing consortium, Global Land Ice Measurements from Space (GLIMS, http://www.glims.org), led by Dr Jeffrey Kargel, the lead science editor of the team that will produce the GLIMS book. This unique book will summarize the findings of the consortium's work. With 43 chapters and a companion DVD, the world's foremost experts in satellite image analysis of glaciers will analyze the current state and recent and possible future changes of glaciers across the globe and interpret these findings for policy planners. Climate change is with us for some time to come, and its impacts are being felt by the world's population.