Major Events in the History of Life

Author: J. William Schopf

Publisher: Jones & Bartlett Learning

ISBN: 9780867202687

Category: Science

Page: 190

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Major Events in the History of Life, present six chapters that summarize our understanding of crucial events that shaped the development of the earth's environment and the course of biological evolution over some four billion years of geological time. The subjects are covered by acknowledged leaders in their fields span an enormous sweep of biologic history, from the formation of planet Earth and the origin of living systems to our earliest records of human activity. Several chapters present new data and new syntheses, or summarized results of new types of analysis, material not usually available in current college textbooks.

The History of Life: A Very Short Introduction

Author: Michael J. Benton

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0199226326

Category: Science

Page: 170

View: 7361

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This Very Short Introduction presents a succinct and accessible guide to the key episodes in the story of life on earth - from the very origins of life four million years ago to the extraordinary diversity of species around the globe today.

The Meaning of Evolution

A Study of the History of Life and of Its Significance for Man

Author: George Gaylord Simpson,Laurence Simpson

Publisher: Yale University Press

ISBN: 9780300002294

Category: Science

Page: 364

View: 5511

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A world-famous scientist presents a synthesis of modern views on the principles of evolution. The result of twenty-five years of research, The Meaning of Evolution follows the rise and fall of the dynasties of life through the 2,000,000,000 years of the history of earth. It explains what forces have been acting to bring about evolution and re-examines human aims, values, and duties in the light of what science discloses of the nature of man and of his place in the history of life. The clearest and soundest exposition of the nature of the evolutionary process that has yet been written...The book may be read with equal profit and pleasure by the general reader, the student, and the expert.-Ashley Montagu, Isis This book is, without question, the best general work on the meaning of evolution to appear in our time.-The New York Times

History of Life

Author: Richard Cowen

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1118510933

Category: Science

Page: 312

View: 7889

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This text is designed for students and anyone else with aninterest in the history of life on our planet. The author describesthe biological evolution of Earth’s organisms, andreconstructs their adaptations to the life they led, and theecology and environment in which they functioned. On the grandscale, Earth is a constantly changing planet, continuallypresenting organisms with challenges. Changing geography, climate,atmosphere, oceanic and land environments set a stage in whichorganisms interact with their environments and one another, withevolutionary change an inevitable result. The organisms themselvesin turn can change global environments: oxygen in our atmosphere isall produced by photosynthesis, for example. The interplay betweena changing Earth and its evolving organisms is the underlying themeof the book. The book has a dedicated website which explores additionalenriching information and discussion, and provides or points to theart for the book and many other images useful for teaching. See: ahref="http://www.wiley.com/go/cowen/historyoflife"www.wiley.com/go/cowen/historyoflife/a.

A New History of Life

The Radical New Discoveries about the Origins and Evolution of Life on Earth

Author: Peter Ward,Joe Kirschvink

Publisher: Bloomsbury Publishing

ISBN: 1408842807

Category: Science

Page: 400

View: 1942

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An estimated 4.6 billion years ago, the Earth and Moon were formed in a violent impact. On this, many agree, and even more that a long time after that, life began. However, few know that the first life on the Earth may not have emerged on this planet, but could, in fact, have begun on Mars, brought here by meteorites. In this revolutionary book, leading scientists Peter Ward and Joe Kirschvink rewrite the principal account of the history of life on Earth. They show not only how the rise of animals was delayed for billions of years, but also what it was that first forced fish out of the sea and onto the land. Together, the two scientists explain how developments in the environment led to multiple Ice Ages before the emergence of dinosaurs and other giant animals, and what the true cause of these great beasts' eventual extinction was. Finally, charting the course of our own evolution, they explore whether this generation will see the end of the human species. A New History of Life proves not only that much of what we think we know should be unlearned, but also that the true history of life on Earth is much more surprising and wonderful than we could ever have imagined.

Trees of Life

A Visual History of Evolution

Author: Theodore W. Pietsch

Publisher: JHU Press

ISBN: 1421411857

Category: Science

Page: 376

View: 6917

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Evolution.

A History of the Life Sciences, Revised and Expanded

Author: Lois N. Magner

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 9780203911006

Category: Medical

Page: 520

View: 8453

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A clear and concise survey of the major themes and theories embedded in the history of life science, this book covers the development and significance of scientific methodologies, the relationship between science and society, and the diverse ideologies and current paradigms affecting the evolution and progression of biological studies. The author discusses cell theory, embryology, physiology, microbiology, evolution, genetics, and molecular biology; the Human Genome Project; and genomics and proteomics. Covering the philosophies of ancient civilizations to modern advances in genomics and molecular biology, the book is a unique and comprehensive resource.

Shaking the Tree

Readings from Nature in the History of Life

Author: Henry Gee

Publisher: University of Chicago Press

ISBN: 9780226284965

Category: Science

Page: 411

View: 2943

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Nature has published news about the history of life ever since its first issue in 1869, in which T. H. Huxley ("Darwin's bulldog") wrote about Triassic dinosaurs. In recent years, the field has enjoyed a tremendous flowering due to new investigative techniques drawn from cladistics (a revolutionary method for charting evolutionary relationships) and molecular biology. Shaking the Tree brings together nineteen review articles written for Nature over the past decade by many of the major figures in paleontology and evolution, from Stephen Jay Gould to Simon Conway Morris. Each article is brief, accessible, and opinionated, providing "shoot from the hip" accounts of the latest news and debates. Topics covered include major extinction events, homeotic genes and body plans, the origin and evolution of the primates, and reconstructions of phylogenetic trees for a wide variety of groups. The editor, Henry Gee, gives new commentary and updated references. Shaking the Tree is a one-stop resource for engaging overviews of the latest research in the history of life on Earth.

The Theory of Evolution

A History of Life on Earth

Author: Don Nardo

Publisher: Capstone

ISBN: 0756542146

Category: Juvenile Nonfiction

Page: 48

View: 6809

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Discusses beliefs about evolution before and after Darwin, how Darwin developed and published his theory on the subject, and reactions to his theory.

Principles of Evolution: Systems, Species, and the History of Life

Author: Jonathan Bard

Publisher: Garland Science

ISBN: 1351854771

Category: Science

Page: 392

View: 2760

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Principles of Evolution considers evolution in the context of systems biology, a contemporary approach for handling biological complexity. Evolution needs this systems perspective for three reasons. First, most activity in living organisms is driven by complex networks of proteins and this has direct implications, particularly for understanding evo-devo and for seeing how variation is initiated. Second, it provides the natural language for discussing phylogenetic trees. Third, evolutionary change involves events at levels ranging from the genome to the ecosystem and systems biology provides a context for integrating material of this complexity. Understanding evolution means, on the one hand, describing the history of life and, on the other, making sense of the principles that drove that history. The solution adopted here is to make the science of evolution the primary focus of the book and place the various parts of the history of life in the context of the research that unpicks it. This means that the history is widely distributed across the text. This concise textbook assumes that the reader has a fair amount of biological knowledge and gives equal weight to all the major themes of evolution: the fossil record, phylogenetics, evodevo, and speciation. Principles of Evolution will therefore be an interesting and thought-provoking read for honors-level undergraduates, and graduates working in the biological sciences.

Environmental Evolution

Effects of the Origin and Evolution of Life on Planet Earth

Author: Lynn Margulis,Clifford Matthews,Aaron Haselton

Publisher: MIT Press

ISBN: 9780262631976

Category: Science

Page: 338

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Fifteen distinguished scientists discuss the effects of life—past and present—on planet Earth.

Evolution Of Life Histories

Theory and Analysis

Author: Derek Roff

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9780412023910

Category: Science

Page: 548

View: 980

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There are many different types of organisms in the world: they differ in size, physiology, appearance, and life history. The challenge for evolutionary biology is to explain how such diversity arises. The Evolution of Life Histories does this by showing that natural selection is the principal underlying force molding life history variation. The book describes in particular the ways in which variation can be analyzed and predicted. It covers both the genetic and optimization approaches to life history analysis and gives an overview of the general framework of life history theory and the mathematical tools by which predictions can be made and tested. Factors affecting the age schedule of birth and death and the costs of reproduction are discussed. The Evolution of Life Histories concentrates on those theoretical developments that have been tested experimentally. It will interest both students and professionals in evolution, evolutionary ecology, mathematical and theoretical biology, and zoology and entomology.

To Grasp the Essence of Life

A History of Molecular Biology

Author: R. Hausmann

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9401735409

Category: Science

Page: 332

View: 3029

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50 years of DNA double helix; what was before, and afterwards The present book, although written mainly for science students and research scientists, is also aimed at those readers who look at science, not for its own sake, but in search of a better understanding of our world in general. What were the fundamental questions asked by the early pioneers of molecular biology? What made them tick for decades, trying to elucidate the basic mechanisms of heredity and life itself? In each chapter, the development of a particular aspect of modern biology is described in a historical and logical context, not missing to take into account human aspects of the protagonists of the story. At the end of each chapter, there are some excursus with additional information, technical and otherwise, which can be read separately. The book is enriched with many illustrations, including facsimile reproductions from the original descriptions of key experiments.

A History of Ideas About the Prolongation of Life

Author: Gerald J. Gruman, MD, PhD

Publisher: Springer Publishing Company

ISBN: 9780826118745

Category: Medical

Page: 232

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Dr. Grumanís book examines the quest for longevity and immortality up to the year 1800. He presents multicultural perspectives and attitudes as depicted in Islamic and Chinese societies as well as in Western Civilization. This scholarly work contributes to our understanding of the origins of medicine, personal hygiene and public health as well as the underlying psychological and social determinants of longevity and humanityís longing for its attainment.

The Tangled Tree

A Radical New History of Life

Author: David Quammen

Publisher: Simon and Schuster

ISBN: 1476776644

Category: Science

Page: 480

View: 3523

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Longlisted for the National Book Award for Nonfiction and A New York Times Notable Book of 2018 Nonpareil science writer David Quammen explains how recent discoveries in molecular biology can change our understanding of evolution and life’s history, with powerful implications for human health and even our own human nature. In the mid-1970s, scientists began using DNA sequences to reexamine the history of all life. Perhaps the most startling discovery to come out of this new field—the study of life’s diversity and relatedness at the molecular level—is horizontal gene transfer (HGT), or the movement of genes across species lines. It turns out that HGT has been widespread and important. For instance, we now know that roughly eight percent of the human genome arrived not through traditional inheritance from directly ancestral forms, but sideways by viral infection—a type of HGT. In The Tangled Tree David Quammen, “one of that rare breed of science journalists who blends exploration with a talent for synthesis and storytelling” (Nature), chronicles these discoveries through the lives of the researchers who made them—such as Carl Woese, the most important little-known biologist of the twentieth century; Lynn Margulis, the notorious maverick whose wild ideas about “mosaic” creatures proved to be true; and Tsutomu Wantanabe, who discovered that the scourge of antibiotic-resistant bacteria is a direct result of horizontal gene transfer, bringing the deep study of genome histories to bear on a global crisis in public health. “Quammen is no ordinary writer. He is simply astonishing, one of that rare class of writer gifted with verve, ingenuity, humor, guts, and great heart” (Elle). Now, in The Tangled Tree, he explains how molecular studies of evolution have brought startling recognitions about the tangled tree of life—including where we humans fit upon it. Thanks to new technologies such as CRISPR, we now have the ability to alter even our genetic composition—through sideways insertions, as nature has long been doing. The Tangled Tree is a brilliant guide to our transformed understanding of evolution, of life’s history, and of our own human nature.

Plant Evolution

An Introduction to the History of Life

Author: Karl J. Niklas

Publisher: University of Chicago Press

ISBN: 022634228X

Category: Science

Page: 536

View: 3505

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Although plants comprise more than 90% of all visible life, and land plants and algae collectively make up the most morphologically, physiologically, and ecologically diverse group of organisms on earth, books on evolution instead tend to focus on animals. This organismal bias has led to an incomplete and often erroneous understanding of evolutionary theory. Because plants grow and reproduce differently than animals, they have evolved differently, and generally accepted evolutionary views—as, for example, the standard models of speciation—often fail to hold when applied to them. Tapping such wide-ranging topics as genetics, gene regulatory networks, phenotype mapping, and multicellularity, as well as paleobotany, Karl J. Niklas’s Plant Evolution offers fresh insight into these differences. Following up on his landmark book The Evolutionary Biology of Plants—in which he drew on cutting-edge computer simulations that used plants as models to illuminate key evolutionary theories—Niklas incorporates data from more than a decade of new research in the flourishing field of molecular biology, conveying not only why the study of evolution is so important, but also why the study of plants is essential to our understanding of evolutionary processes. Niklas shows us that investigating the intricacies of plant development, the diversification of early vascular land plants, and larger patterns in plant evolution is not just a botanical pursuit: it is vital to our comprehension of the history of all life on this green planet.

The Uses of Life

A History of Biotechnology

Author: Robert Bud

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9780521476997

Category: Medical

Page: 299

View: 3216

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This book shows, for the first time, how modern biotechnology grew out of this century's hopes for a new relationship between biology and engineering. Long before recombinant DNA, these promised a new kind of technology. By exploring the rich and surprisingly overlooked complex of prophesies, industrial and scientific development and government programs, the book sheds new light on the expectations now held for biotechnology. A world-wide view, covering developments, not just in America but also in Europe and Japan, uncovers surprising links. This makes possible a coherent story to supersede the historical notes which have been available until now. This first history of biotechnology provides a readable and challenging account that will appeal to anyone interested in the development of this key component of modern industry.

Information and the Origin of Life

Author: Bernd-Olaf Küppers

Publisher: MIT Press

ISBN: 9780262111423

Category: Medical

Page: 215

View: 1046

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Suggests a theory concerning the origin of life from inorganic matter, that includes the interplay between chance and natural law, and the role of information theory

Panbiogeography

Tracking the History of Life

Author: Robin C. Craw,John R. Grehan,Michael J. Heads

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 9780195360691

Category: Science

Page: 240

View: 8169

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Biogeography is a diverse subject, traditionally focusing on the distribution of plants and animals at different taxonomic levels, past and present. Modern biogeography also puts emphasis on the ecological character of the world vegetation types, and on the evolving relationship between humans and their environment. Panbiogeography describes a new synthesis of sciences of plant and animal distribution. The book emphasizes that the geographical patterns of animal and plant distribution contribute directly to the understanding and interpretation of evolutionary history. Geographic location is reintroduced as a critical element of both biogeography and evolutionary biology. The authors present chapters exploring the roles of geology, ecology, evolution in panbiogeographic theory, and introduce new methods, modes of classification, and ways of measuring biodiversity.