Major Events in the History of Life

Author: J. William Schopf

Publisher: Jones & Bartlett Learning

ISBN: 9780867202687

Category: Science

Page: 190

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Major Events in the History of Life, present six chapters that summarize our understanding of crucial events that shaped the development of the earth's environment and the course of biological evolution over some four billion years of geological time. The subjects are covered by acknowledged leaders in their fields span an enormous sweep of biologic history, from the formation of planet Earth and the origin of living systems to our earliest records of human activity. Several chapters present new data and new syntheses, or summarized results of new types of analysis, material not usually available in current college textbooks.

History of Life

Author: Richard Cowen

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1118510933

Category: Science

Page: 312

View: 2247

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This text is designed for students and anyone else with aninterest in the history of life on our planet. The author describesthe biological evolution of Earth’s organisms, andreconstructs their adaptations to the life they led, and theecology and environment in which they functioned. On the grandscale, Earth is a constantly changing planet, continuallypresenting organisms with challenges. Changing geography, climate,atmosphere, oceanic and land environments set a stage in whichorganisms interact with their environments and one another, withevolutionary change an inevitable result. The organisms themselvesin turn can change global environments: oxygen in our atmosphere isall produced by photosynthesis, for example. The interplay betweena changing Earth and its evolving organisms is the underlying themeof the book. The book has a dedicated website which explores additionalenriching information and discussion, and provides or points to theart for the book and many other images useful for teaching. See: ahref="http://www.wiley.com/go/cowen/historyoflife"www.wiley.com/go/cowen/historyoflife/a.

Die Geschichte der Liebe

Author: Nicole Krauss

Publisher: Rowohlt Verlag GmbH

ISBN: 3644015317

Category: Fiction

Page: 544

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Die vierzehnjährige Alma wurde nach der Hauptfigur eines Romans benannt. Leo Gursky hatte den Text als junger Mann in Polen geschrieben, für seine große Liebe Alma. Nun lebt er als einsamer alter Mann in New York. Er weiß nicht, dass das Buch den Holocaust überstanden hat. Bis die junge Alma sich auf die Suche nach ihm macht. «Bezaubernd, zärtlich und sehr originell.» (J. M. Coetzee) «Ein großartiger Roman.» (Spiegel) «Dies ist ein gewaltiges Buch, das unser müdes Herz erfrischt. Nicole Krauss sei gepriesen dafür.» (Colum McCann) «Einfach anfangen zu lesen. Es ist wunderbar.» (Stern) «Ein außergewöhnlicher Roman, lebensprall, klug und poetisch, von eigenwilligem Charme, staunenswerter Anschaulichkeit und gesegnet mit einem zärtlichen Humor.» (FAZ)

Extinctions in the History of Life

Author: Paul D. Taylor

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9781139457972

Category: Science

Page: N.A

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Extinction is the ultimate fate of all biological species - over 99 percent of the species that have ever inhabited the Earth are now extinct. The long fossil record of life provides scientists with crucial information about when species became extinct, which species were most vulnerable to extinction, and what processes may have brought about extinctions in the geological past. Key aspects of extinctions in the history of life are here reviewed by six leading palaeontologists, providing a source text for geology and biology undergraduates as well as more advanced scholars. Topical issues such as the causes of mass extinctions and how animal and plant life has recovered from these cataclysmic events that have shaped biological evolution are dealt with. This helps us to view the biodiversity crisis in a broader context, and shows how large-scale extinctions have had profound and long-lasting effects on the Earth's biosphere.

A New History of Life

The Radical New Discoveries about the Origins and Evolution of Life on Earth

Author: Peter Ward,Joe Kirschvink

Publisher: Bloomsbury Publishing USA

ISBN: 1608199088

Category: Science

Page: 400

View: 7593

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Charles Darwin's theories, first published more than 150 years ago, form the backbone of how we understand the history of the Earth. In reality, the currently accepted history of life on Earth is so flawed, so out of date, that it's past time we need a 'New History of Life.' In their latest book, Joe Kirschvink and Peter Ward will show that many of our most cherished beliefs about the evolution of life are wrong. Gathering and analyzing years of discoveries and research not yet widely known to the public, A New History of Life proposes a different origin of species than the one Darwin proposed, one which includes eight-foot-long centipedes, a frozen "snowball Earth†?, and the seeds for life originating on Mars. Drawing on their years of experience in paleontology, biology, chemistry, and astrobiology, experts Ward and Kirschvink paint a picture of the origins life on Earth that are at once too fabulous to imagine and too familiar to dismiss--and looking forward, A New History of Life brilliantly assembles insights from some of the latest scientific research to understand how life on Earth can and might evolve far into the future.

A History of the Life Sciences, Revised and Expanded

Author: Lois N. Magner

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 9780203911006

Category: Medical

Page: 520

View: 3712

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A clear and concise survey of the major themes and theories embedded in the history of life science, this book covers the development and significance of scientific methodologies, the relationship between science and society, and the diverse ideologies and current paradigms affecting the evolution and progression of biological studies. The author discusses cell theory, embryology, physiology, microbiology, evolution, genetics, and molecular biology; the Human Genome Project; and genomics and proteomics. Covering the philosophies of ancient civilizations to modern advances in genomics and molecular biology, the book is a unique and comprehensive resource.

Trees of Life

A Visual History of Evolution

Author: Theodore W. Pietsch

Publisher: JHU Press

ISBN: 1421411857

Category: Science

Page: 376

View: 3283

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Evolution.

To Grasp the Essence of Life

A History of Molecular Biology

Author: R. Hausmann

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9401735409

Category: Science

Page: 332

View: 732

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50 years of DNA double helix; what was before, and afterwards The present book, although written mainly for science students and research scientists, is also aimed at those readers who look at science, not for its own sake, but in search of a better understanding of our world in general. What were the fundamental questions asked by the early pioneers of molecular biology? What made them tick for decades, trying to elucidate the basic mechanisms of heredity and life itself? In each chapter, the development of a particular aspect of modern biology is described in a historical and logical context, not missing to take into account human aspects of the protagonists of the story. At the end of each chapter, there are some excursus with additional information, technical and otherwise, which can be read separately. The book is enriched with many illustrations, including facsimile reproductions from the original descriptions of key experiments.

Das Buch des Lebens

wer schrieb den genetischen Code?

Author: Lily E. Kay

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9783518293461

Category: Genetic code

Page: 556

View: 4886

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Shaking the Tree

Readings from Nature in the History of Life

Author: Henry Gee

Publisher: University of Chicago Press

ISBN: 9780226284965

Category: Science

Page: 411

View: 3431

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Nature has published news about the history of life ever since its first issue in 1869, in which T. H. Huxley ("Darwin's bulldog") wrote about Triassic dinosaurs. In recent years, the field has enjoyed a tremendous flowering due to new investigative techniques drawn from cladistics (a revolutionary method for charting evolutionary relationships) and molecular biology. Shaking the Tree brings together nineteen review articles written for Nature over the past decade by many of the major figures in paleontology and evolution, from Stephen Jay Gould to Simon Conway Morris. Each article is brief, accessible, and opinionated, providing "shoot from the hip" accounts of the latest news and debates. Topics covered include major extinction events, homeotic genes and body plans, the origin and evolution of the primates, and reconstructions of phylogenetic trees for a wide variety of groups. The editor, Henry Gee, gives new commentary and updated references. Shaking the Tree is a one-stop resource for engaging overviews of the latest research in the history of life on Earth.

Panbiogeography

Tracking the History of Life

Author: Robin C. Craw,John R. Grehan,Michael J. Heads

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 9780195360691

Category: Science

Page: 240

View: 1434

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Biogeography is a diverse subject, traditionally focusing on the distribution of plants and animals at different taxonomic levels, past and present. Modern biogeography also puts emphasis on the ecological character of the world vegetation types, and on the evolving relationship between humans and their environment. Panbiogeography describes a new synthesis of sciences of plant and animal distribution. The book emphasizes that the geographical patterns of animal and plant distribution contribute directly to the understanding and interpretation of evolutionary history. Geographic location is reintroduced as a critical element of both biogeography and evolutionary biology. The authors present chapters exploring the roles of geology, ecology, evolution in panbiogeographic theory, and introduce new methods, modes of classification, and ways of measuring biodiversity.

Environmental Evolution

Effects of the Origin and Evolution of Life on Planet Earth

Author: Lynn Margulis,Clifford Matthews,Aaron Haselton

Publisher: MIT Press

ISBN: 9780262631976

Category: Science

Page: 338

View: 8886

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Fifteen distinguished scientists discuss the effects of life—past and present—on planet Earth.

A History of Ideas About the Prolongation of Life

Author: Gerald Joseph Gruman

Publisher: Springer Publishing Company

ISBN: 9780826118752

Category: Medical

Page: 221

View: 4414

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Explores attitudes towards longevity and death in Islamic, Chinese, and Western civilizations, covering such topics as medicine, public health, personal hygiene, and aging.

The Uses of Life

A History of Biotechnology

Author: Robert Bud

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9780521476997

Category: Medical

Page: 299

View: 9944

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This book shows, for the first time, how modern biotechnology grew out of this century's hopes for a new relationship between biology and engineering. Long before recombinant DNA, these promised a new kind of technology. By exploring the rich and surprisingly overlooked complex of prophesies, industrial and scientific development and government programs, the book sheds new light on the expectations now held for biotechnology. A world-wide view, covering developments, not just in America but also in Europe and Japan, uncovers surprising links. This makes possible a coherent story to supersede the historical notes which have been available until now. This first history of biotechnology provides a readable and challenging account that will appeal to anyone interested in the development of this key component of modern industry.

Evolution Of Life Histories

Theory and Analysis

Author: Derek Roff

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9780412023910

Category: Science

Page: 548

View: 834

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There are many different types of organisms in the world: they differ in size, physiology, appearance, and life history. The challenge for evolutionary biology is to explain how such diversity arises. The Evolution of Life Histories does this by showing that natural selection is the principal underlying force molding life history variation. The book describes in particular the ways in which variation can be analyzed and predicted. It covers both the genetic and optimization approaches to life history analysis and gives an overview of the general framework of life history theory and the mathematical tools by which predictions can be made and tested. Factors affecting the age schedule of birth and death and the costs of reproduction are discussed. The Evolution of Life Histories concentrates on those theoretical developments that have been tested experimentally. It will interest both students and professionals in evolution, evolutionary ecology, mathematical and theoretical biology, and zoology and entomology.

Evolution and Escalation

An Ecological History of Life

Author: Geerat J. Vermeij

Publisher: Princeton University Press

ISBN: 9780691000800

Category: Science

Page: 544

View: 7396

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Here is one biologist's interpretation of the chronology of life during the last six hundred million years of earth history: an extended essay that draws on the author's own data and a wide-ranging literature survey to discuss the nature and dynamics of evolutionary change in organisms and their biological surroundings. Geerat Vermeij demonstrates that escalation--the process by which species adapt to, or are limited by, their enemies as the latter increase in ability to acquire and retain resources--has been a dominant theme in the history of life despite frequent episodes of extinction.

Comets and the Origin and Evolution of Life

Author: Paul J. Thomas,Roland D. Hicks,Christopher F. Chyba,Christopher P. McKay

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 3540330887

Category: Science

Page: 346

View: 3763

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This volume considers the role comets may have played in the origins and evolution of life. This is the only book dealing in depth with this subject. It is particularly relevant in light of recent investigations of Halley's comet, of new insights into organic synthesis in meteorites and comets, and of new results of numerical simulations of cometary orbits and impacts on Earth. The book is intended as a comprehensive review of current research.

Information and the Origin of Life

Author: Bernd-Olaf Küppers

Publisher: MIT Press

ISBN: 9780262111423

Category: Medical

Page: 215

View: 4399

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Suggests a theory concerning the origin of life from inorganic matter, that includes the interplay between chance and natural law, and the role of information theory