How Institutions Evolve

The Political Economy of Skills in Germany, Britain, the United States, and Japan

Author: Kathleen Thelen

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9780521546744

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 333

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Kathleen Thelen explains the historical origins of important cross-national differences in four countries (Germany, Britain, the United States and Japan), and also provides a theory of institutional change over time. The latter is considered a frontier issue in institutionalist analysis, of which there are several varieties emerging from economics, political science, and sociology. Thelen's study contributes to the literature on the political economy of the developed democracies that focuses on different institutional arrangements defining distinctive models of capitalism.

Endspiel des Kooperativen Kapitalismus?

Institutioneller Wandel unter den Bedingungen des marktzentrierten Paradigmas

Author: Ulrich Brinkmann,Karoline Krenn,Sebastian Schief

Publisher: Springer-Verlag

ISBN: 3531905228

Category: Political Science

Page: 284

View: 9877

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"Endet es? Wird es enden? Oder ist es bereits zu Ende?" Diese Fragen dienen als Leitmotiv für dieses Buch über das vermeintliche oder tatsächliche Ende des "Kooperativen Kapitalismus" in Deutschland. Nach langjähriger Persistenz scheint dieser nun das Zeitliche zu segnen. Ist das Modell nun tatsächlich an sein Ende gekommen? Haben wir es mit einem Auslaufmodell zu tun? Die Beiträge dieses Buches thematisieren ausgewählte Prozesse des Umbruchs der rheinischen Variante des Kapitalismus. Diskutiert werden u.a. die Transformation hin zu einem Finanzmarktkapitalismus, der Wandel der Corporate Governance, das Aufscheinen neuer Leitbilder in Unternehmen (wie "Intrapreneur"), die Veränderung der Industriellen Beziehungen in einem internationalen Kontext sowie der sozialen Sicherungssysteme. Der Band gibt einen breiten Überblick über den Zustand des Kooperativen Kapitalismus zu Beginn des 21. Jahrhunderts in einem zunehmend internationalisierten Umfeld und unter der Maxime verstärkter Marktsteuerung - und er vermittelt Deutungsangebote über Art und Ausmaß der zu erwartenden Änderungen.

Schule und Reform

Veränderungsabsichten, Wandel und Folgeprobleme

Author: Flavian Imlig,Lukas Lehmann,Karin Manz

Publisher: Springer-Verlag

ISBN: 3658194987

Category: Education

Page: 298

View: 6205

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Der Band verbindet theoretische und empirische Reflexionen über die Beschaffenheit von Schul- und Bildungsreformen und versucht, grundlegende, überdauernde, institutionelle und prozedurale Merkmale von und erklärende Faktoren hinter solchen Reformen herauszuarbeiten. Auf der Basis historischer und aktueller Analysen werden Fragen nach der theoretischen Fassbarkeit von Bildungs- und Schulreformen gestellt und Antworten in Richtung einer Theorie der Bildungs- und Schulreform skizziert. Der Inhalt · Veränderungsabsichten und Reformprogramme im Bildungsbereich · Handlungskoordination, Reformstrukturen und -prozesse · Folgen und Wirkungen von Schul- und Bildungsreformen Die Zielgruppen · Fachwissenschaftler*innen und Studierende der Erziehungswissenschaft, Soziologie und Politikwissenschaft · Verantwortliche von Bildungseinrichtungen und der Bildungsadministration · Bildungspolitiker*innen sowie bildungspolitisch Interessierte Die Herausgeber und die Herausgeberin Flavian Imlig ist wissenschaftlicher Mitarbeiter in der Bildungsdirektion des Kantons Zürich. Dr. Lukas Lehmann ist Leiter der Grundausbildung an der Pädagogischen Hochschule Freiburg. Dr. Karin Manz ist Professorin für Unterrichtsentwicklung und Unterrichtsforschung an der Pädagogischen Hochschule der Fachhochschule Nordwestschweiz.

Varieties of Liberalization and the New Politics of Social Solidarity

Author: Kathleen Thelen

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1107053161

Category: Political Science

Page: 282

View: 1222

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This book examines contemporary changes in labor market institutions in the United States, Germany, Denmark, Sweden, and the Netherlands, focusing on developments in three arenas - industrial relations, vocational education and training, and labor market policy. While confirming a broad, shared liberalizing trend, it finds that there are in fact distinct varieties of liberalization associated with very different distributive outcomes. Most scholarship equates liberal capitalism with inequality and coordinated capitalism with higher levels of social solidarity. However, this study explains why the institutions of coordinated capitalism and egalitarian capitalism coincided and complemented one another in the "Golden Era" of postwar development in the 1950s and 1960s, and why they no longer do so. Contrary to the conventional wisdom, this study reveals that the successful defense of the institutions traditionally associated with coordinated capitalism has often been a recipe for increased inequality due to declining coverage and dualization. Conversely, it argues that some forms of labor market liberalization are perfectly compatible with continued high levels of social solidarity and indeed may be necessary to sustain it.

Transformationen des Kapitalismus

Festschrift für Wolfgang Streeck zum sechzigsten Geburtstag

Author: Jens Beckert

Publisher: Campus Verlag

ISBN: 9783593382814

Category: Capitalism

Page: 465

View: 8157

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Die Entwicklung moderner Gesellschaften wird durch das Zusammenwirken von Märkten und marktkorrigierenden Institutionen, von Wirtschaft und Politik bestimmt. Wirtschaftlicher Erfolg, soziale Ordnung, politische Stabilität hängen wesentlich von deren Zusammenspiel ab. Die Steuerung gesellschaftlicher Prozesse setzt daher ein Verstehen der Dynamiken zwischen offenen Märkten und sozialen Institutionen voraus. Im Band werden die Spannungen zwischen demokratischer Selbstbestimmung und wirtschaftlicher Eigendynamik analysiert. Jens Beckertist Professor für Soziologie und Direktor am Max-Planck-Institut für Gesellschaftsforschung, Köln. Bernhard Ebbinghausist Professor für Soziologie und Leiter des Arbeitsbereichs A "Die europäischen Gesellschaften und ihre Integration ", Mannheimer Zentrum für Europäische Sozialforschung, Universität Mannheim. Anke Hasselist Professor of Public Policy an der Hertie School of Governance, Berlin. Philip Manowist Forschungsgruppenleiter am Max-Planck- Institut für Gesellschaftsforschung, Köln.

The Role of Business in the Development of the Welfare State and Labor Markets in Germany

Containing Social Reforms

Author: Thomas Paster

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1136498036

Category: Political Science

Page: 248

View: 3495

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This book assesses the role of employers in the development of welfare state and labour market institutions. Building on an in-depth analysis of Germany, a market economy known to often provide economic benefits to firms, this book explores one of the most contested issues in the comparative and historical literature on the welfare state. In a departure from existing employer-centered explanations, the author applies new empirical data to contend that the variation in acceptance of social reform depends more on changes in the types of political challenges faced by employers, than on changes in the type of institutions considered economically beneficial. Covering major reforms spanning more than a century of institutional development in unemployment insurance, accident insurance, pensions, collective bargaining, and codetermination, this book argues that employers support social policy as a means to contain political outcomes that would have been worse, including labour unrest and more radical reform plans. Using new and controversial findings on the role of employers in welfare state development, this book considers the conditions for a peaceful coexistence of a generous welfare state and the business world. The Role of Business in the Development of the Welfare State and Labor Markets in Germany will be of interest to students and scholars of welfare and social policy politics, political economy and European politics.

Egypt after Mubarak

Liberalism, Islam, and Democracy in the Arab World

Author: Bruce K. Rutherford

Publisher: Princeton University Press

ISBN: 1400846145

Category: Political Science

Page: 344

View: 9485

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Which way will Egypt go now that Husni Mubarak's authoritarian regime has been swept from power? Will it become an Islamic theocracy similar to Iran? Will it embrace Western-style liberalism and democracy? Egypt after Mubarak reveals that Egypt's secularists and Islamists may yet navigate a middle path that results in a uniquely Islamic form of liberalism and, perhaps, democracy. Bruce Rutherford draws on in-depth interviews with Egyptian judges, lawyers, Islamic activists, politicians, and businesspeople. He utilizes major court rulings, political documents of the Muslim Brotherhood, and the writings of Egypt's leading contemporary Islamic thinkers. Rutherford demonstrates that, in post-Mubarak Egypt, progress toward liberalism and democracy is likely to be slow. Essential reading on a subject of global importance, this edition includes a new introduction by Rutherford that takes stock of the Arab Spring and the Muslim Brotherhood's victories in the 2011-2012 elections.

University Adaptation in Difficult Economic Times

Author: Paola Mattei

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0199989419

Category: Social Science

Page: 208

View: 414

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Financial sustainability is one of the key challenges confronting Europe's universities today. Despite the fact that universities are at the centre of knowledge creation and development, which itself is seen as one of the main engines of economic growth, public funding of higher education in most countries is not increasing or at least not increasing enough in real terms. "Democratisation of higher education" has led to the fact that the higher education budgets per student are relatively low in most European countries compared to Europe's competitors. Despite declarations of intent to increase spending on higher education and research, it is not very likely that public expenditure will grow significantly on average in Europe and therefore be able to keep up with rapidly inflating costs in the years to come. One of the reasons for this is that higher education and research have to compete with other priorities in public budgets (e.g., security, health, etc.). Furthermore, the recent economic downturn has contributed to the decision in many European countries to decrease the levels of investment in higher education and research. Such trends are particularly worrisome for universities across Europe, whose continuing dependence on public funding puts their future sustainability under pressure. New funding schemes and incentives have been discussed and introduced in many European higher education systems, including competitive funding schemes for research under the name of "excellence" policies. Despite the different national institutional configurations in Europe, higher education systems face similar demands of promoting sustainable funding models, maintaining high academic standards, and equality. Thus, financial sustainability is not an end in itself; it aims to ensure that the public university's goals are reached by guaranteeing that the institution produces sufficient income to enable it to invest in high quality education and produce equitable outcomes. For these reasons, this book analyses funding reforms from a multidimensional approach.

Introduction to Comparative Politics

Author: Mark Kesselman,Joel Krieger,William Joseph

Publisher: Cengage Learning

ISBN: 1111831823

Category: Political Science

Page: 736

View: 1254

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Updated to reflect today’s political climate, the Sixth Edition of INTRODUCTION TO COMPARATIVE POLITICS offers a country-by-country approach that allows students to fully examine similarities and differences among countries and within and between political systems. Each chapter offers an analysis of political challenges and changing agendas within countries and provides detailed descriptions and analyses of the politics of individual countries. The Sixth Edition offers a condensed narrative and student-friendly pedagogy such as marginal key terms and focus questions that will help students make meaningful connections and comparisons about the countries presented. INTRODUCTION TO COMPARATIVE POLITICS, Sixth Edition, consists of 13 country case studies, selected for their significance in terms of the comparative themes and because they provide an interesting sample of types of political regimes, levels of economic development, and geographic regions. Important Notice: Media content referenced within the product description or the product text may not be available in the ebook version.

Social Capital in Developing Democracies

Nicaragua and Argentina Compared

Author: Leslie E. Anderson

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 0521192749

Category: Political Science

Page: 309

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Explores the contribution of social capital to the process of democratization and the limits of that contribution.

Capitalism without Democracy

The Private Sector in Contemporary China

Author: Kellee S. Tsai

Publisher: Cornell University Press

ISBN: 0801462355

Category: Political Science

Page: 288

View: 1618

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Over the past three decades, China has undergone a historic transformation. Once illegal, its private business sector now comprises 30 million businesses employing more than 200 million people and accounting for half of China's Gross Domestic Product. Yet despite the optimistic predictions of political observers and global business leaders, the triumph of capitalism has not led to substantial democratic reforms. In Capitalism without Democracy, Kellee S. Tsai focuses on the activities and aspirations of the private entrepreneurs who are driving China's economic growth. The famous images from 1989 of China's new capitalists supporting the students in Tiananmen Square are, Tsai finds, outdated and misleading. Chinese entrepreneurs are not agitating for democracy. Most are working eighteen-hour days to stay in business, while others are saving for their one child's education or planning to leave the country. Many are Communist Party members. "Remarkably," Tsai writes, "most entrepreneurs feel that the system generally works for them." Tsai regards the quotidian activities of Chinese entrepreneurs as subtler and possibly more effective than voting, lobbying, and protesting in the streets. Indeed, major reforms in China's formal institutions have enhanced the private sector's legitimacy and security in the absence of mobilization by business owners. In discreet collaboration with local officials, entrepreneurs have created a range of adaptive informal institutions, which in turn, have fundamentally altered China's political and regulatory landscape. Based on years of research, hundreds of field interviews, and a sweeping nationwide survey of private entrepreneurs funded by the National Science Foundation, Capitalism without Democracy explodes the conventional wisdom about the relationship between economic liberalism and political freedom.

Institutionalizing Intersectionality

The Changing Nature of European Equality Regimes

Author: A. Krizsan,H. Skjeie,J. Squires

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 1137031069

Category: Social Science

Page: 242

View: 4357

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An exploration of the ways that multiple inequalities are being addressed in Europe. Using country-based and region-specific case studies it provides an innovative comparative analysis of the multidimensional equality regimes that are emerging in Europe, and reveals the potential that these have for institutionalizing intersectionality.

The end of diversity?

prospects for German and Japanese capitalism

Author: Wolfgang Streeck

Publisher: Cornell Univ Pr

ISBN: N.A

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 401

View: 7785

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Beyond Continuity

Institutional Change in Advanced Political Economies

Author: Wolfgang Streeck,Kathleen Ann Thelen

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0199280452

Category: Political Science

Page: 290

View: 2577

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Debates surrounding institutional change have become increasingly central to Political Science, Management Studies, and Sociology, opposing the role of globalization in bringing about a convergence of national economies and institutions on one model to theories about 'Varieties of Capitalism'. This book brings together a distinguished set of contributors from a variety to examine current theories of institutional change. The chapters highlight the limitations of these theories, finding them lacking in the analytic tools necessary to identify the changes occurring at a national level, and therefore tend to explain many changes and innovations as simply another version of previous situations. Instead a model emerges of contemporary political economies developing in incremental but cummulatively transformative processes. The contributors shoe that a wide, but not infinite, variety of models of institutional change exist which can meaniingfully distinguished and analytically compared. They offer an empirically grounded typology of modes of institutional change that offer important insights on mechanisms of social and political stability, and evolution generally. Beyond Continuity provides a more complex and fundamental understanding of institutional change, and will be important reading for academics, researchers, and advanced students of Political Science, Management Studies, Sociology and Economics.

Evolutorischer Institutionalismus

Theorie und exemplarische Studien zu Evolution, Institutionalität und Geschichtlichkeit

Author: Werner J. Patzelt

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Political science

Page: 739

View: 4494

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Business and Government

Methods and Practice

Author: David Coen,Wyn Grant

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9783866490338

Category: Political Science

Page: 136

View: 7419

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This volume reviews current debates on the role of business in politics and it assesses emerging methodological approaches to its study. The book brings together leading scholars to assess various qualitative and quantitative methods, network analysis, historical context and positive rational choice modeling, and detailed research case studies in the study of Business-Government relations. Businesses have developed an increasingly sophisticated appreciation of the policy process, as well as an ability to develop complex strategies to influence it over the last 30 years. This volume reviews current debates on the role of business in politics and it assesses emerging methodological approaches to its study. The book brings together qualitative and quantitative methods, network analysis, historical context and positive rational choice modeling, and detailed research case studies. There is coverage of the environment in which business operates, including state, regional and international institutional frameworks. The internal organizational structure of business interests is considered along with the range of strategies used to influence the policy process. The book explores what policy-makers demand and what business supplies to the policy process. The key role of the firm as a political actor is emphasized, leading to a call for a theoretically informed political economy of the firm. The editors: Dr David Coen, Senior Lecturer in Public Policy, Director of Msc in Public Policy, School of Public Policy, University College London Professor Wyn Grant, Professor of Politics, Department of Politics and International Studies, University of Warwick The contributors: Andreas Broscheid, University of North Carolina - Pembroke David Coen, University College London Wyn Grant, Warwick University Cathie Jo Martin, Boston University Volker Schneider, University of Konstanz, Germany Graham K. Wilson University of Wisconsin - Madison

How revolutionary was the digital revolution?

national responses, market transitions, and global technology

Author: John Zysman,Abraham Newman

Publisher: Stanford University Press

ISBN: 9780804753340

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 475

View: 3298

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How do high wage countries stay rich in a global digital economy? How Revolutionary was the Digital Revolution constructs a framework for analyzing the international digital era: one that examines the ability of political actors to innovate and experiment in spite of, or perhaps because of, the constraints posed by digital technology. In order to assess the revolutionary nature of the digital era, this book takes four overlapping approaches. First, it examines the reaction of nations, specifically Finland, Japan, and emerging markets, to the dual challenges of globalization and technological change. This section identifies both successful and failed national experiments intended to deal with these dual pressures. Second, it assesses corporate attempts to leverage digital technology to reorganize work. A broad range of issues including off-shoring, open source production systems, and knowledge management are addressed. Third, devoting detailed analysis to the case of mobile telephones, the book offers insights into the political economy of market evolution in the digital era. The final section considers the political ramifications of information technology for critical societal debates ranging from privacy to intellectual property. The contributors to the book map out how the digital revolution shakes up politics, creating new economic and political winners and losers. In order to do so, they connect theories of political economy to the implications of digital technology for international as well as national markets.

Beyond Varieties of Capitalism

Conflict, Contradiction, and Complementarities in the European Economy

Author: Bob Hancké,Martin Rhodes,Mark Thatcher

Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA

ISBN: N.A

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 438

View: 4995

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Since the early 1990s, Europe's economies have been facing several new challenges: the single market programme, the collapse of the Berlin wall and eastward enlargement, and monetary unification. Building on the influential Varieties of Capitalism (VoC) perspective, first elaboarted in detail in the book Varieties of Capitalism (OUP, 2001), this book critically analyzes these developments in the European political economy and their effects on the continental European economies. Leading political economists from Europe and the US debate how VoC can help understand the political-economic challenges that Europe is facing today and how understanding these new challenges can in turn enrich and enhance the VoC perspective. Thematically, the contributions to this volume are organized in four sections: * how the macro-economics of EMU have influenced different European models of capitalism, * how the Single Market programme was received in the different institutional regimes in European capitalism, * how welfare and labor market reforms are debated and implemented, * how European capitalism travelled east after 1989. Preceding this is a spirited defence of the VoC approach by Peter Hall, and an introduction from the volume editors, considering the approach, and proposing extensions and amendments. This book demonstrates that the VoC approach remains, as the editors put it in their introduction, a rich seam to mine, capable of accommodating new developments, and theoretically flexible enough to produce new and innovative hypotheses and arguments.

Social Security

History and Politics from the New Deal to the Privatization Debate

Author: Daniel Béland

Publisher: Lawrence, Kan. : University Press of Kansas

ISBN: N.A

Category: History

Page: 252

View: 1221

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Compact, timely, well-researched, and balanced, this institutional history of Social Security's seventy years shows how the past still influences ongoing reform debates, helping the reader both to understand and evaluate the current partisan arguments on both sides.