How to Clone a Mammoth

The Science of De-Extinction

Author: Beth Shapiro

Publisher: Princeton University Press

ISBN: 1400865484

Category: Nature

Page: 240

View: 7346

DOWNLOAD NOW »
Could extinct species, like mammoths and passenger pigeons, be brought back to life? The science says yes. In How to Clone a Mammoth, Beth Shapiro, evolutionary biologist and pioneer in "ancient DNA" research, walks readers through the astonishing and controversial process of de-extinction. From deciding which species should be restored, to sequencing their genomes, to anticipating how revived populations might be overseen in the wild, Shapiro vividly explores the extraordinary cutting-edge science that is being used--today--to resurrect the past. Journeying to far-flung Siberian locales in search of ice age bones and delving into her own research--as well as those of fellow experts such as Svante Paabo, George Church, and Craig Venter--Shapiro considers de-extinction's practical benefits and ethical challenges. Would de-extinction change the way we live? Is this really cloning? What are the costs and risks? And what is the ultimate goal? Using DNA collected from remains as a genetic blueprint, scientists aim to engineer extinct traits--traits that evolved by natural selection over thousands of years--into living organisms. But rather than viewing de-extinction as a way to restore one particular species, Shapiro argues that the overarching goal should be the revitalization and stabilization of contemporary ecosystems. For example, elephants with genes modified to express mammoth traits could expand into the Arctic, re-establishing lost productivity to the tundra ecosystem. Looking at the very real and compelling science behind an idea once seen as science fiction, How to Clone a Mammoth demonstrates how de-extinction will redefine conservation's future.

How to Clone a Mammoth

The Science of De-Extinction

Author: Beth Shapiro

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9780691157054

Category: Nature

Page: 240

View: 874

DOWNLOAD NOW »
Looking at the very real and compelling science behind an idea once seen as science fiction, the author demonstrates how de-extinction will redefine conservation's future.

Bring Back the King

The New Science of De-extinction

Author: Helen Pilcher

Publisher: Bloomsbury Publishing

ISBN: 1472912284

Category: Science

Page: 288

View: 863

DOWNLOAD NOW »
If you could bring back just one animal from the past, what would you choose? It can be anyone or anything from history, from the King of the Dinosaurs, T. rex, to the King of Rock 'n' Roll, Elvis Presley, and beyond. De-extinction – the ability to bring extinct species back to life – is fast becoming reality. Around the globe, scientists are trying to de-extinct all manner of animals, including the woolly mammoth, the passenger pigeon and a bizarre species of flatulent frog. But de-extinction is more than just bringing back the dead. It's a science that can be used to save species, shape evolution and sculpt the future of life on our planet. In Bring Back the King, scientist and comedy writer Helen Pilcher goes on a quest to identify the perfect de-extinction candidate. Along the way, she asks if Elvis could be recreated from the DNA inside a pickled wart, investigates whether it's possible to raise a pet dodo, and considers the odds of a 21st century Neanderthal turning heads on public transport. Pondering the practicalities and the point of de-extinction, Bring Back the King is a witty and wry exploration of what is bound to become one of the hottest topics in conservation – if not in science as a whole – in the years to come. READ THIS BOOK – the King commands it.

Rise of the Necrofauna

The Science, Ethics, and Risks of De-Extinction

Author: Britt Wray

Publisher: Greystone Books Ltd

ISBN: 1771641630

Category: Science

Page: 304

View: 1657

DOWNLOAD NOW »
Jurassic Park meets The Sixth Extinction in Rise of the Necrofauna, a provocative look at de-extinction from acclaimed documentarist and science writer Britt Wray. A captivating whirlwind tour through the birth and early life of the scientific idea known as “de-extinction.”—Beth Shapiro, author of How to Clone a Mammoth: The Science of De-Extinction What happens when you try to recreate a woolly mammoth—fascinating science, or conservation catastrophe? In Rise of the Necrofauna, Wray takes us deep into the minds and labs of some of the world's most progressive thinkers to find out. She introduces us to renowned futurists like Stewart Brand and scientists like George Church, who are harnessing the powers of CRISPR gene editing in the hopes of "reviving" extinct passenger pigeons, woolly mammoths, and heath hens. She speaks with Nikita Zimov, who together with his eclectic father Sergey, is creating Siberia's Pleistocene Park—a daring attempt to rebuild the mammoth's ancient ecosystem in order to save earth from climate disaster. Through interviews with these and other thought leaders, Wray reveals the many incredible opportunities for research and conservation made possible by this emerging new field. But we also hear from more cautionary voices, like those of researcher and award-winning author Beth Shapiro (How to Clone a Woolly Mammoth) and environmental philosopher Thomas van Dooren. Writing with passion and perspective, Wray delves into the larger questions that come with this incredible new science, reminding us that de-extinction could bring just as many dangers as it does possibilities. What happens, for example, when we bring an "unextinct" creature back into the wild? How can we care for these strange animals and ensure their comfort and safety—not to mention our own? And what does de-extinction mean for those species that are currently endangered? Is it really ethical to bring back an extinct passenger pigeon, for example, when countless other birds today will face the same fate? By unpacking the many biological, technological, ethical, environmental, and legal questions raised by this fascinating new field, Wray offers a captivating look at the best and worst of resurrection science. Published in partnership with the David Suzuki Institute.

De-Extinction

The Science of Bringing Lost Species Back to Life

Author: Rebecca E. Hirsch

Publisher: Twenty-First Century Books

ISBN: 1512439029

Category: Young Adult Nonfiction

Page: 120

View: 4895

DOWNLOAD NOW »
In the twenty-first century, because of climate change and other human activities, many animal species have become extinct, and many others are at risk of extinction. Once they are gone, we cannot bring them backor can we? With techniques such as cloning, scientists want to reverse extinction and return lost species to the wild. Some scientists want to create clones of recently extinct animals, while others want to make new hybrid animals. Many people are opposed to de-extinction. Some critics say that the work diverts attention from efforts to save species that are endangered. Others say that de-extinction amounts to scientists "playing God." Explore the pros and cons of de-extinction and the cutting-edge science that makes it possible.

Woolly

The True Story of the Quest to Revive One of History’s Most Iconic Extinct Creatures

Author: Ben Mezrich

Publisher: Simon and Schuster

ISBN: 1501135554

Category: Biography & Autobiography

Page: 304

View: 6302

DOWNLOAD NOW »
Subtitle in pre-publication: The true story of the de-extinction of one of history's most iconic creatures.

Resurrecting Extinct Species

Ethics and Authenticity

Author: Douglas Ian Campbell,Patrick Michael Whittle

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 3319695789

Category: Philosophy

Page: 128

View: 6775

DOWNLOAD NOW »
This book is about the philosophy of de-extinction. To make an extinct species ‘de-extinct’ is to resurrect it by creating new organisms of the same, or similar, appearance and genetics. The book describes current attempts to resurrect three species, the aurochs, woolly mammoth and passenger pigeon. It then investigates two major philosophical questions such projects throw up. These are the Authenticity Question—‘will the products of de-extinction be authentic members of the original species?’—and the Ethical Question—‘is de-extinction something that should be done?' The book surveys and critically evaluates a raft of arguments for and against the authenticity or de-extinct organisms, and for and against the ethical legitimacy of de-extinction. It concludes, first, that authentic de-extinctions are actually possible, and second, that de-extinction can potentially be ethically legitimate, especially when deployed as part of a ‘freeze now and resurrect later’ conservation strategy.

Resurrection Science

Conservation, De-Extinction and the Precarious Future of Wild Things

Author: M. R. O'Connor

Publisher: St. Martin's Press

ISBN: 1466879327

Category: Science

Page: 272

View: 9721

DOWNLOAD NOW »
**A Library Journal Best Book of 2015 ** **A Christian Science Monitor Top Ten Book of September** In a world dominated by people and rapid climate change, species large and small are increasingly vulnerable to extinction. In Resurrection Science, journalist M. R. O'Connor explores the extreme measures scientists are taking to try and save them, from captive breeding and genetic management to de-extinction. Paradoxically, the more we intervene to save species, the less wild they often become. In stories of sixteenth-century galleon excavations, panther-tracking in Florida swamps, ancient African rainforests, Neanderthal tool-making, and cryogenic DNA banks, O'Connor investigates the philosophical questions of an age in which we "play god" with earth's biodiversity. Each chapter in this beautifully written book focuses on a unique species--from the charismatic northern white rhinoceros to the infamous passenger pigeon--and the people entwined in the animals' fates. Incorporating natural history and evolutionary biology with conversations with eminent ethicists, O'Connor's narrative goes to the heart of the human enterprise: What should we preserve of wilderness as we hurtle toward a future in which technology is present in nearly every aspect of our lives? How can we co-exist with species when our existence and their survival appear to be pitted against one another?

Extinction in Our Times

Global Amphibian Decline

Author: James P. Collins,Martha L. Crump,Thomas E. Lovejoy III

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0199717885

Category: Science

Page: 304

View: 7567

DOWNLOAD NOW »
For over 350 million years, thousands of species of amphibians have lived on earth, but since the 1990s they have been disappearing at an alarming rate, in many cases quite suddenly and mysteriously. What is causing these extinctions? What role do human actions play in them? What do they tell us about the overall state of biodiversity on the planet? In Extinction in Our Times, James Collins and Martha Crump explore these pressing questions and many others as they document the first modern extinction event across an entire vertebrate class, using global examples that range from the Sierra Nevada of California to the rainforests of Costa Rica and the Mediterranean coast of North Africa. Joining scientific rigor and vivid storytelling, this book is the first to use amphibian decline as a lens through which to see more clearly the larger story of climate change, conservation of biodiversity, and a host of profoundly important ecological, evolutionary, ethical, philosophical, and sociological issues.

Tigerland and Other Unintended Destinations

Author: Eric Dinerstein

Publisher: Island Press

ISBN: 9781610911146

Category: Travel

Page: 296

View: 5764

DOWNLOAD NOW »
In 1972, Eric Dinerstein was in film school at Northwestern University, with few thoughts of nature, let alone tiger-filled jungles at the base of the Himalayas or the antelope-studded Serengeti plain. Yet thanks to some inspiring teachers and the squawk of a little green heron that awakened him to nature's fundamental wonders, Dinerstein would ultimately become a leading conservation biologist, traveling to these and other remote corners of the world to protect creatures ranging from the striking snow leopard to the homely wrinkle-faced bat. Tigerland and Other Unintended Destinations takes readers on Dinerstein's unlikely journey to conservation's frontiers, from early research in Nepal to recent expeditions as head of Conservation Science at the World Wildlife Fund. We are there as the author renews his resolve after being swept downstream on an elephant's back, tracks snow leopards in the mountains of Kashmir with a remarkable housewife turned zoologist, and finds unexpected grit in a Manhattanite donor he guides into the wildest reaches of the Orinoco River. At every turn, we meet professed and unprofessed ecologists who share Dinerstein's mission, a cast of free-spirited characters uncommonly committed to-and remarkably successful at-preserving slices of the world's natural heritage. A simple sense of responsibility, one feels, shines through all of Dinerstein's experiences: not just to marvel at what we see, but to join in efforts sustain the planet's exquisite design. Tigerland's message is clear: individuals make all the difference; if we combine science, advocacy, and passion, ambitious visions for conservation can become reality-even against overwhelming odds.

Regenesis

How Synthetic Biology Will Reinvent Nature and Ourselves

Author: George M. Church,Ed Regis

Publisher: Basic Books

ISBN: 0465038654

Category: Science

Page: 304

View: 1081

DOWNLOAD NOW »
“Bold and provocative… Regenesis tells of recent advances that may soon yield endless supplies of renewable energy, increased longevity and the return of long-extinct species.”—New Scientist In Regenesis, Harvard biologist George Church and science writer Ed Regis explore the possibilities—and perils—of the emerging field of synthetic biology. Synthetic biology, in which living organisms are selectively altered by modifying substantial portions of their genomes, allows for the creation of entirely new species of organisms. These technologies—far from the out-of-control nightmare depicted in science fiction—have the power to improve human and animal health, increase our intelligence, enhance our memory, and even extend our life span. A breathtaking look at the potential of this world-changing technology, Regenesis is nothing less than a guide to the future of life.

Fragile dominion

complexity and the commons

Author: Simon A. Levin

Publisher: Basic Books

ISBN: N.A

Category: Nature

Page: 250

View: 1990

DOWNLOAD NOW »
Argues that the earth is a complex adaptive system, and tries to assess the danger from the decreasing biological diversity

The Evolution of Language

Author: W. Tecumseh Fitch

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 113948706X

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: N.A

View: 1858

DOWNLOAD NOW »
Language, more than anything else, is what makes us human. It appears that no communication system of equivalent power exists elsewhere in the animal kingdom. Any normal human child will learn a language based on rather sparse data in the surrounding world, while even the brightest chimpanzee, exposed to the same environment, will not. Why not? How, and why, did language evolve in our species and not in others? Since Darwin's theory of evolution, questions about the origin of language have generated a rapidly-growing scientific literature, stretched across a number of disciplines, much of it directed at specialist audiences. The diversity of perspectives - from linguistics, anthropology, speech science, genetics, neuroscience and evolutionary biology - can be bewildering. Tecumseh Fitch cuts through this vast literature, bringing together its most important insights to explore one of the biggest unsolved puzzles of human history.

Imagining Extinction

The Cultural Meanings of Endangered Species

Author: Ursula K. Heise

Publisher: University of Chicago Press

ISBN: 022635816X

Category: Literary Criticism

Page: 280

View: 1198

DOWNLOAD NOW »
La 4e de couverture de la jaquette indique : "How should science be written? It is a question that piqued natural philosophers of the seventeenth century as they experimented with the rhetorical figures, neologisms, verse-forms, and generic variety that characterise the literary texture of their work. Inspired laymen were quick to borrow from the new philosophy and from practising scientists in order to deploy ideas and images from astronomy, optics, chemistry, biology, and medicine. Between them, scientists, natural historians, poets, dramatists, and essayists produced new, adjusted, or hybrid literary forms. The Poetics of Scientific Investigation in Seventeenth-Century England examines those forms and that literary-scientific texture, as well as representations of the scientific--the laboratory, collaborative experimental retirement, and the canons of scientific conversation--and proposes that the writing of seventeenth-century science mirrors the intellectual and investigative processes of early-modern science itself"

The Neanderthal's Aunt

Author: Gina DeMarco

Publisher: Sciencethrillers Media

ISBN: 9781940419039

Category: Fiction

Page: 238

View: 5283

DOWNLOAD NOW »
Sara Nicoletta, a level-headed biologist, is about to become the aunt of a Neanderthal baby. Or so her sister Liz says. A company named Barlas Labs claims that it can recreate the long-extinct species from its DNA sequence. Liz, a yoga-loving socialite, has signed up to be their first customer. Sara believes that this is too ridiculous to be possible. But soon the project is encompassing her whole life, compromising her privacy and threatening her reputation as a serious researcher. And she finds herself coming head to head with Theo Barlas himself, the enigmatic founder of Barlas labs. Written by a scientist, THE NEANDERTHAL'S AUNT combines cutting edge biology with an incorrigible dog, intermittent veganism, and a little light bondage to tell the touching story of two sisters who become fundamentally divided on the question of what it means to be human. PRAISE FOR THE NEANDERTHAL'S AUNT "If Bridget Jones were a scientist, this would be her diary." Amy Rogers, author of Petroplague "A dazzling, witty, and moving debut made all the more compelling by the fact that Gina DeMarco knows her science cold. Head, heart, and sci-fi gold." Linda Erin Keenan, author of Suburgatory "I read this one out loud to whoever would listen, and had to stifle laughter when I read into the wee hours. Even if I didn't love Neanderthals, genetics, anthropology and mad scientists, I would love this book." Carol Kean, Perihelion SF Magazine

Intervention

Confronting the Real Risks of Genetic Engineering and Life on a Biotech Planet

Author: Denise Caruso

Publisher: Lulu.com

ISBN: N.A

Category: Science

Page: 252

View: 7498

DOWNLOAD NOW »
INTERVENTION challenges two of the most sacred tenets of modern society, innovation and technology, from the perspective of the unique risks they present. Using genetic engineering as its model, it paints a vivid picture of the scientific uncertainties that biotech risk evaluations dismiss or ignore, and lays bare the power and money conflicts between academia, industry and regulators that have sped these risky innovations to the market. Intervention champions an alternative method for assessing the risks of technology, developed by the world's top risk experts, that can eliminate such conflicts, help regain public trust in science and government, and drive research and development toward more useful, safer products.

Life at the Speed of Light

From the Double Helix to the Dawn of Digital Life

Author: J. Craig Venter

Publisher: Penguin

ISBN: 0143125907

Category: Science

Page: 224

View: 7320

DOWNLOAD NOW »
The author of A Life Decoded explains how his team's achievement with sequencing the human genome has launched an important age of biological research, revealing a growing potential for enabling humans to adapt and evolve for long-term survival and environmental improvement.

The Ethics of Species

An Introduction

Author: Ronald L. Sandler

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1107023467

Category: Nature

Page: 235

View: 7194

DOWNLOAD NOW »
Develops and defends an ethic of species preservation, genetic modification, human enhancement and species creation.

Powering the Dream

The History and Promise of Green Technology

Author: Alexis Madrigal

Publisher: Da Capo Press

ISBN: 0306819775

Category: Science

Page: 400

View: 5440

DOWNLOAD NOW »
Few today realize that electric cabs dominated Manhattan's streets in the 1890s; that Boise, Idaho, had a geothermal heating system in 1910; or that the first megawatt turbine in the world was built in 1941 by the son of publishing magnate G. P. Putnam--a feat that would not be duplicated for another forty years. Likewise, while many remember the oil embargo of the 1970s, few are aware that it led to a corresponding explosion in green-technology research that was only derailed when energy prices later dropped. In other words: We've been here before. Although we may have failed, America has had the chance to put our world on a more sustainable path. Americans have, in fact, been inventing green for more than a century. Half compendium of lost opportunities, half hopeful look toward the future, Powering the Dream tells the stories of the brilliant, often irascible inventors who foresaw our current problems, tried to invent cheap and energy renewable solutions, and drew the blueprint for a green future.