How to Give Effective Feedback to Your Students, Second Edition

Author: Susan M. Brookhart

Publisher: ASCD

ISBN: 141662306X

Category: Education

Page: 146

View: 1934

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Properly crafted and individually tailored feedback on student work boosts student achievement across subjects and grades. In this updated and expanded second edition of her best-selling book, Susan M. Brookhart offers enhanced guidance and three lenses for considering the effectiveness of feedback: (1) does it conform to the research, (2) does it offer an episode of learning for the student and teacher, and (3) does the student use the feedback to extend learning? In this comprehensive guide for teachers at all levels, you will find information on every aspect of feedback, including • Strategies to uplift and encourage students to persevere in their work. • How to formulate and deliver feedback that both assesses learning and extends instruction. • When and how to use oral, written, and visual as well as individual, group, or whole-class feedback. • A concise and updated overview of the research findings on feedback and how they apply to today's classrooms. In addition, the book is replete with examples of good and bad feedback as well as rubrics that you can use to construct feedback tailored to different learners, including successful students, struggling students, and English language learners. The vast majority of students will respond positively to feedback that shows you care about them and their learning. Whether you teach young students or teens, this book is an invaluable resource for guaranteeing that the feedback you give students is engaging, informative, and, above all, effective.

How to Give Effective Feedback to Your Students, Second Edition

Author: Susan M. Brookhart

Publisher: ASCD

ISBN: 1416623094

Category: Education

Page: 146

View: 7146

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Properly crafted and individually tailored feedback on student work boosts student achievement across subjects and grades. In this updated and expanded second edition of her best-selling book, Susan M. Brookhart offers enhanced guidance and three lenses for considering the effectiveness of feedback: (1) does it conform to the research, (2) does it offer an episode of learning for the student and teacher, and (3) does the student use the feedback to extend learning? In this comprehensive guide for teachers at all levels, you will find information on every aspect of feedback, including • Strategies to uplift and encourage students to persevere in their work. • How to formulate and deliver feedback that both assesses learning and extends instruction. • When and how to use oral, written, and visual as well as individual, group, or whole-class feedback. • A concise and updated overview of the research findings on feedback and how they apply to today's classrooms. In addition, the book is replete with examples of good and bad feedback as well as rubrics that you can use to construct feedback tailored to different learners, including successful students, struggling students, and English language learners. The vast majority of students will respond positively to feedback that shows you care about them and their learning. Whether you teach young students or teens, this book is an invaluable resource for guaranteeing that the feedback you give students is engaging, informative, and, above all, effective.

How to Give Effective Feedback to Your Students

Author: Susan M. Brookhart

Publisher: ASCD

ISBN: 1416607366

Category: Education

Page: 121

View: 4944

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Presents advice on providing the type of positive feedback to students which can motivate them to learn more effectively, including information about counseling special students and those learning English as a second language.

Peer Feedback in the Classroom

Empowering Students to Be the Experts

Author: Starr Sackstein

Publisher: ASCD

ISBN: 1416624198

Category: Education

Page: 134

View: 8442

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In Peer Feedback in the Classroom, National Board Certified Teacher Starr Sackstein explores the powerful role peer feedback can play in learning and teaching. Peer feedback gives students control over their learning, increases their engagement and self-awareness as learners, and frees up the teacher to provide targeted support where it's needed. Drawing from the author's successful classroom practices, this compelling book will help you * Gain a deeper understanding of what meaningful feedback looks like and how it can be used as a tool for learning. * Establish a respectful, student-led learning environment that supports risk taking and honest sharing. * Teach students to be adept peer strategists who can pinpoint areas of needed growth and move forward with specific strategies for improvement. * Develop cooperative student expert groups to help sustain effective peer feedback throughout the year. * Use technology to enhance collaboration, streamline the learning and revision process, and strengthen students' digital citizenship skills. The book also includes extended reflections that express, in students' and teachers' own words, the approach's powerful effect on their practice. Invite students to be your partners in learning, and enrich your collective classroom experience.

Formative Assessment Strategies for Every Classroom

An ASCD Action Tool

Author: Susan M. Brookhart

Publisher: ASCD

ISBN: 1416610839

Category: Education

Page: 265

View: 6169

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This second edition gives you more than 60 tools--with tips and implementation steps--for creating and using formative assessments in every grade level and subject. --from publisher description

Using Feedback to Improve Learning

Author: Maria Araceli Ruiz-Primo,Susan M. Brookhart

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1317238222

Category: Education

Page: 142

View: 9923

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Despite feedback‘s demonstratively positive effects on student performance, research on the specific components of successful feedback practice is in short supply. In Using Feedback to Improve Learning, Ruiz-Primo and Brookhart offer critical characteristics of feedback strategies to affirm classroom feedback’s positive effect on student learning. The book provides pre- and in-service teachers as well as educational researchers with empirically supported techniques for using feedback as a part of formative assessment in the classroom.

How to Create and Use Rubrics for Formative Assessment and Grading

Author: Susan M. Brookhart

Publisher: ASCD

ISBN: 1416615075

Category: Education

Page: 159

View: 2235

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What is a rubric? A rubric is a coherent set of criteria for student work that describes levels of performance quality. Sounds simple enough, right? Unfortunately, rubrics are commonly misunderstood and misused. The good news is that when rubrics are created and used correctly, they are strong tools that support and enhance classroom instruction and student learning. In this comprehensive guide, author Susan M. Brookhart identifies two essential components of effective rubrics: (1) criteria that relate to the learning (not the "tasks") that students are being asked to demonstrate and (2) clear descriptions of performance across a continuum of quality. She outlines the difference between various kinds of rubrics (for example, general versus task-specific, and analytic versus holistic), explains when using each type of rubric is appropriate, and highlights examples from all grade levels and assorted content areas. In addition, Brookhart addresses * Common misconceptions about rubrics; * Important differences between rubrics and other assessment tools such as checklists and rating scales, and when such alternatives can be useful; and * How to use rubrics for formative assessment and grading, including standards-based grading and report card grades. Intended for educators who are already familiar with rubrics as well as those who are not, this book is a complete resource for writing effective rubrics and for choosing wisely from among the many rubrics that are available on the Internet and from other sources. And it makes the case that rubrics, when used appropriately, can improve outcomes by helping teachers teach and helping students learn.

Giving Students Effective Written Feedback

Author: Deirdre Burke

Publisher: McGraw-Hill Education (UK)

ISBN: 0335239234

Category: Education

Page: 204

View: 1719

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This text is aimed at meeting the needs of tutors by examining professional and personal issues related to written feedback on student work.

The Feedback-Friendly Classroom

How to equip students to give, receive, and seek quality feedback that will support their social, academic, and developmental needs

Author: Deborah McCallum

Publisher: Pembroke Publishers Limited

ISBN: 1551389088

Category: Education

Page: 128

View: 4723

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Learning is inherently social, built on the daily interactions in the classroom. What if feedback — from teacher to student, between students, from student to teacher — could be seen as essential to the ongoing process that defines the learning environment? This groundbreaking book explores using feedback to help students become better learners, examines the crucial use of verbal and nonverbal language to engage and guide students, and shows strategies and activities to establish and promote effective feedback within the classroom and beyond.

What Teachers Really Need to Know About Formative Assessment

Author: Laura Greenstein

Publisher: ASCD

ISBN: 141661222X

Category: Education

Page: N.A

View: 3172

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What does formative assessment look like, and when should I use it? What kind of planning does it require, and what kinds of data does it generate? How will formative assessment improve my teaching and help my students succeed in a standards-based environment? How does it relate to my application of multiple intelligences theory, to differentiated instruction, and to everything else I'm already doing in my classroom? In this volume, author Laura Greenstein has gathered what you really need to know in order to make formative assessment a seamless part of your everyday practice. Emphasizing formative assessment application in secondary schools but applicable to teachers of all grade levels and all subject areas, this book provides * Straightforward answers to teachers' most frequently asked questions * Dozens of strategies for measuring student understanding and diagnosing learning needs before, during, and after instruction * Illustrations of formative assessment across the content areas, from math to language arts to science to social studies to health and physical education * Guidance on making data-informed instructional adjustments * Sample templates for organizing assessment data to track both whole-class and individual progress toward identified goals * Case studies to illustrate effective and ineffective formative assessment and deepen your understanding If you're looking to take formative assessment from theory to practice--and from practice to genuine learning improvement--this is the place to begin.

Feedback

The Hinge That Joins Teaching and Learning

Author: Jane E. Pollock

Publisher: Corwin Press

ISBN: 1412997437

Category: Education

Page: 123

View: 7896

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The coauthor of Classroom Instruction That Works explains how to use feedback the way computer apps do-for setting goals, tracking progress, and regulating their own learning.

How People Learn

Brain, Mind, Experience, and School: Expanded Edition

Author: National Research Council,Division of Behavioral and Social Sciences and Education,Board on Behavioral, Cognitive, and Sensory Sciences,Committee on Developments in the Science of Learning with additional material from the Committee on Learning Research and Educational Practice

Publisher: National Academies Press

ISBN: 0309131979

Category: Education

Page: 384

View: 5302

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First released in the Spring of 1999, How People Learn has been expanded to show how the theories and insights from the original book can translate into actions and practice, now making a real connection between classroom activities and learning behavior. This edition includes far-reaching suggestions for research that could increase the impact that classroom teaching has on actual learning. Like the original edition, this book offers exciting new research about the mind and the brain that provides answers to a number of compelling questions. When do infants begin to learn? How do experts learn and how is this different from non-experts? What can teachers and schools do-with curricula, classroom settings, and teaching methods--to help children learn most effectively? New evidence from many branches of science has significantly added to our understanding of what it means to know, from the neural processes that occur during learning to the influence of culture on what people see and absorb. How People Learn examines these findings and their implications for what we teach, how we teach it, and how we assess what our children learn. The book uses exemplary teaching to illustrate how approaches based on what we now know result in in-depth learning. This new knowledge calls into question concepts and practices firmly entrenched in our current education system. Topics include: How learning actually changes the physical structure of the brain. How existing knowledge affects what people notice and how they learn. What the thought processes of experts tell us about how to teach. The amazing learning potential of infants. The relationship of classroom learning and everyday settings of community and workplace. Learning needs and opportunities for teachers. A realistic look at the role of technology in education.

Leaders of Their Own Learning

Transforming Schools Through Student-Engaged Assessment

Author: Ron Berger,Leah Rugen,Libby Woodfin

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1118655443

Category: Education

Page: 400

View: 5743

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From Expeditionary Learning Schools comes a proven approach to student assessment Leaders of Their Own Learning offers a new way of thinking about assessment based on the celebrated work of Expeditionary Learning Schools across the country. Student–Engaged Assessment is not a single practice but an approach to teaching and learning that equips and compels students to understand goals for their learning and growth, track their progress toward those goals, and take responsibility for reaching them. This requires a set of interrelated strategies and structures and a whole–school culture in which students are given the respect and responsibility to be meaningfully engaged in their own learning. Includes everything teachers and school leaders need to implement a successful Student–Engaged Assessment system in their schools Outlines the practices that will engage students in making academic progress, improve achievement, and involve families and communities in the life of the school Describes each of the book′s eight key practices, gives advice on how to begin, and explains what teachers and school leaders need to put into practice in their own classrooms Ron Berger is Chief Program Officer for Expeditionary Learning and former public school teacher Leaders of Their Own Learning shows educators how to ignite the capacity of students to take responsibility for their own learning, meet Common Core and state standards, and reach higher levels of achievement. DVD and other supplementary materials are not included as part of the e–book file, but are available for download after purchase.

Never Work Harder Than Your Students and Other Principles of Great Teaching

Author: Robyn R. Jackson

Publisher: ASCD

ISBN: 1416612262

Category: Education

Page: 249

View: 6197

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Is great teaching a gift that only a few of us are born with, or is it a skill that can be learned? In Never Work Harder Than Your Students, Robyn Jackson makes a radical assertion: Any teacher can become a master teacher by developing a master teacher mindset. The master teacher mindset can be achieved by rigorously applying seven principles to your teaching until they become your automatic response to students in the classroom. The more you practice these seven principles, the more you begin to think like a master teacher: 1. Start where your students are. 2. Know where your students are going. 3. Expect to get your students to their goal. 4. Support your students along the way. 5. Use feedback to help you and your students get better. 6. Focus on quality rather than quantity. 7. Never work harder than your students. Using these principles, Jackson shows you how to become a master teacher no matter where you are in your practice. Each chapter provides a detailed explanation of one of the mastery principles, the steps you need to take to apply them to your own practice, and suggestions for how you can begin practicing the principle in your classroom right away. Jackson offers stories from her own teaching practice, as well as from other teachers she has helped, to show you how each principle works. Teaching is a hard job, but using Jackson’s principles will help you and your students reap the rich rewards of that hard work.

How to Design Questions and Tasks to Assess Student Thinking

Author: Susan M. Brookhart

Publisher: ASCD

ISBN: 1416619240

Category: Education

Page: 142

View: 8205

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With new standards emphasizing higher-order thinking skills, students will have to demonstrate their ability to do far more than simply remember facts and procedures. But what's the best way for teachers to ensure that students have such skills? In this highly accessible guide, author Susan M. Brookhart shows how to do just that, by providing specific guidelines for designing targeted questions and tasks that align with standards and assess students' ability to think at higher levels. Aided by dozens of examples across grade levels and subject areas, readers will learn how to: take a student perspective and view assessment questions and tasks as "problems to solve"; design multiple-choice questions that require higher-order thinking; understand the difference between "open" and "closed" questions and how to use open questions effectively; vary and control the features of performance assessment tasks, including cognitive level and difficulty, to target different thinking skills; and manage the assessment of higher-order thinking within the larger context of teaching and learning. Brookhart also provides an "idea bank" that teachers can use to jump-start their own thinking as they create assessments.Timely and practical, How to Design Questions and Tasks to Assess Student Thinking is essential reading for 21st century teachers who want their students to excel in the classroom and beyond.

Learning Targets

Helping Students Aim for Understanding in Today's Lesson

Author: Connie M. Moss,Susan M. Brookhart

Publisher: ASCD

ISBN: 141661480X

Category: Education

Page: 220

View: 9751

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In Learning Targets, Connie M. Moss and Susan M. Brookhart contend that improving student learning and achievement happens in the immediacy of an individual lesson--what they call "today's lesson"--or it doesn't happen at all. The key to making today's lesson meaningful? Learning targets. Written from students' point of view, a learning target describes a lesson-sized chunk of information and skills that students will come to know deeply. Each lesson's learning target connects to the next lesson's target, enabling students to master a coherent series of challenges that ultimately lead to important curricular standards. Drawing from the authors' extensive research and professional learning partnerships with classrooms, schools, and school districts, this practical book * Situates learning targets in a theory of action that students, teachers, principals, and central-office administrators can use to unify their efforts to raise student achievement and create a culture of evidence-based, results-oriented practice. * Provides strategies for designing learning targets that promote higher-order thinking and foster student goal setting, self-assessment, and self-regulation. * Explains how to design a strong performance of understanding, an activity that produces evidence of students' progress toward the learning target. * Shows how to use learning targets to guide summative assessment and grading. Learning Targets also includes reproducible planning forms, a classroom walk-through guide, a lesson-planning process guide, and guides to teacher and student self-assessment. What students are actually doing during today's lesson is both the source of and the yardstick for school improvement efforts. By applying the insights in this book to your own work, you can improve your teaching expertise and dramatically empower all students as stakeholders in their own learning.

ABC of Learning and Teaching in Medicine

Author: Peter Cantillon,Diana Wood,Sarah Yardley

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 111889216X

Category: Medical

Page: 136

View: 2604

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ABC of Learning and Teaching in Medicine is an invaluable resource for both novice and experienced medical teachers. It emphasises the teacher’s role as a facilitator of learning rather than a transmitter of knowledge, and is designed to be practical and accessible not only to those new to the profession, but also to those who wish to keep abreast of developments in medical education. Fully updated and revised, this new edition continues to provide an accessible account of the most important domains of medical education including educational design, assessment, feedback and evaluation. The succinct chapters contained in this ABC are designed to help new teachers learn to teach and for experienced teachers to become even better than they are. Four new chapters have been added covering topics such as social media; quality assurance of assessments; mindfulness and learner supervision. Written by an expert editorial team with an international selection of authoritative contributors, this edition of ABC of Learning and Teaching in Medicine is an excellent introductory text for doctors and other health professionals starting out in their careers, as well as being an important reference for experienced educators.

Feedback That Moves Writers Forward

How to Escape Correcting Mode to Transform Student Writing

Author: Patty McGee

Publisher: Corwin Press

ISBN: 1506387136

Category: Education

Page: 280

View: 1618

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Student writing is only as good as the feedback we give In this remarkable book, Patty McGee shares research-based how-to’s for responding to writers that you can use immediately whether you use a writing program or a workshop model. Put down the red-pen, fix-it mindset and help your writers take risks, use grammar as an element of craft, discover their writing identities, elaborate in any genre, and more. Includes lots of helpful conference language that develops tone and trust and forms for reflecting on writing.

Visible Learning: Feedback

Author: John Hattie,Shirley Clarke

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 0429938861

Category: Education

Page: 188

View: 8562

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Feedback is arguably the most critical and powerful aspect of teaching and learning. Yet, there remains a paradox: why is feedback so powerful and why is it so variable? It is this paradox which Visible Learning: Feedback aims to unravel and resolve. Combining research excellence, theory and vast teaching expertise, this book covers the principles and practicalities of feedback, including: the variability of feedback, the importance of surface, deep and transfer contexts, student to teacher feedback, peer to peer feedback, the power of within lesson feedback and manageable post-lesson feedback. With numerous case-studies, examples and engaging anecdotes woven throughout, the authors also shed light on what creates an effective feedback culture and provide the teaching and learning structures which give the best possible framework for feedback. Visible Learning: Feedback brings together two internationally known educators and merges Hattie’s world-famous research expertise with Clarke’s vast experience of classroom practice and application, making this book an essential resource for teachers in any setting, phase or country.

Better Feedback for Better Teaching

A Practical Guide to Improving Classroom Observations

Author: Jeff Archer,Steven Cantrell,Steven L. Holtzman,Jilliam N. Joe,Cynthia M. Tocci,Jess Wood

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1118701984

Category: Education

Page: 384

View: 7851

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A new and proven paradigm for evaluating teacher effectiveness The Measures of Effective Teaching reflects the work of the Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation's Measures of Effective Teaching (MET) project. The project is dedicated to finding new and more reliable ways to evaluate teacher effectiveness than merely relying on test scores. In the book, Thomas Kane and Steve Cantrell include the key findings on the teaching practices that contribute to student achievement for example starting each class with a clear objective, diagnosing/correcting common student errors. They give school and district administrators a new, more accurate and constructive system for teacher evaluation and feedback. Offers a much-needed resource for accurately measuring how teachers perform in the classroom From the acclaimed Measure of Effective Teaching project of the Bill & Melinda Gate Foundation Thomas Kane is deputy director of education for US Programs at The Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation and Steve Cantrell is a senior program officer for research and evaluation at the foundation Based on research from the MET project, this important resource gives school administrators an effective way to evaluate teachers.