How to Live

A Life of Montaigne in one question and twenty attempts at an answer

Author: Sarah Bakewell

Publisher: Random House

ISBN: 1446450902

Category: Biography & Autobiography

Page: 400

View: 9545

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How to get on well with people, how to deal with violence, how to adjust to losing someone you love? How to live? This question obsessed Renaissance nobleman Michel Eyquem de Montaigne (1533-92), who wrote free-roaming explorations of his thought and experience, unlike anything written before. Into these essays he put whatever was in his head: his tastes in wine and food, his childhood memories, the way his dog's ears twitched when it was dreaming, events in the appalling civil wars raging around him. The Essays was an instant bestseller, and over four hundred years later, readers still come to him in search of companionship, wisdom and entertainment - and in search of themselves. This first full biography of Montaigne in English for nearly fifty years relates the story of his life by way of the questions he posed and the answers he explored.

Das Café der Existenzialisten

Freiheit, Sein und Aprikosencocktails

Author: Sarah Bakewell

Publisher: C.H.Beck

ISBN: 3406697658

Category: Philosophy

Page: 448

View: 1078

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Wie macht man Philosophie aus Aprikosencocktails? Für Sartre kein Problem: Er machte Philosophie aus einem Schwindelgefühl, aus Voyeurismus, Scham, Sadismus, Revolution, Musik und Sex. Sarah Bakewell erzählt mit wunderbarer Leichtigkeit, wie der Existenzialismus zum Lebensgefühl einer Generation wurde, die sich nach radikaler Freiheit und authentischer Existenz sehnte. Ihre meisterhafte Kollektivbiographie der Existenzialisten ist zugleich eine höchst verführerische Einladung, die existenzialistische Lebenskunst heute neu zu entdecken. „Sarah Bakewell bringt alle Voraussetzungen mit, um uns die Geschichte des Existenzialismus neu zu erzählen. ... Sie schreibt brillant, mit leichter Feder und einem sehr britischen Humor, und bietet faszinierende Einsichten.“ The Guardian „Sie hat den Dreh raus, wie man zentrale Ideen auf den Punkt bringt.“ Financial Times „Skurril, witzig, klar und leidenschaftlich.“ Daily Mail „Ein Page-Turner.“ The Paris Review

Encyclopedia of Educational Theory and Philosophy

Author: D. C. Phillips

Publisher: SAGE Publications

ISBN: 1483364755

Category: Education

Page: 952

View: 7393

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Education is a field sometimes beset by theories-of-the-day and with easy panaceas that overpromise the degree to which they can alleviate pressing educational problems. The two-volume Encyclopedia of Educational Theory and Philosophy introduces readers to theories that have stood the test of time and those that have provided the historical foundation for the best of contemporary educational theory and practice. Drawing together a team of international scholars, this invaluable reference examines the global landscape of all the key theories and the theorists behind them and presents them in the context needed to understand their strengths and weaknesses. In addition to interpretations of long-established theories, this work offers essays on cutting-edge research and concise, to-the-point definitions of key concepts, ideas, schools, and figures. Features: Over 300 signed entries by trusted experts in the field are organized into two volumes and overseen by a distinguished General Editor and an international Editorial Board. Entries are followed by cross references and further reading suggestions. A Chronology of Theory within the field of education highlights developments over the centuries; a Reader’s Guide groups entries thematically, and a master Bibliography facilitates further study. The Reader’s Guide, detailed index, and cross references combine for strong search-and-browse capabilities in the electronic version. Available in a choice of print or electronic formats, Encyclopedia of Educational Theory and Philosophy is an ideal reference for anyone interested in the roots of contemporary educational theory.

The Grand Paradox

The Messiness of Life, the Mystery of God and the Necessity of Faith

Author: Ken Wytsma

Publisher: Thomas Nelson

ISBN: 0718005910

Category: Religion

Page: 213

View: 781

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If we were made for relationship with God, why do we often feel lost and distant from Him? The life of Christian faith is and always has been a beautifully awkward reality. Following Jesus is done—can only be done—in the messiness of this world into which we were all born. Yet many Christians expect the walk of faith to be easier, neater, and relatively devoid of hassles. So perhaps it’s time for a frank conversation about the true nature of Christian faith. Maybe there are many desperately in need of a clear dialogue about how—despite living in a turbulent, chaotic world—our greatest joy is found in our pursuit of God. In The Grand Paradox, Ken Wytsma seeks to help readers understand that although God can be mysterious, He is in no way absent. God’s ways are contradictory and counter to the way the world tells us to pursue happiness. Doubt is okay, it will accompany in the life of faith. What looks like struggle can actually be the most important and meaningful season of our lives. This book is an exploration of the art of living by faith. It is a book for all those wrestling with the paradoxes that confront those who seek to walk with Christ. It’s an honest look at how faith works, here and now, in our culture, our time—and how to put down real roots and flourish in the midst of our messy lives.

Montaigne in Barn Boots

An Amateur Ambles Through Philosophy

Author: Michael Perry

Publisher: HarperCollins

ISBN: 0062230581

Category: Biography & Autobiography

Page: 240

View: 2562

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The beloved memoirist and bestselling author of Population: 485 reflects on the lessons he’s learned from his unlikely alter ego, French Renaissance philosopher Michel de Montaigne. "The journey began on a gurney," writes Michael Perry, describing the debilitating kidney stone that led him to discover the essays of Michel de Montaigne. Reading the philosopher in a manner he equates to chickens pecking at scraps—including those eye-blinking moments when the bird gobbles something too big to swallow—Perry attempts to learn what he can (good and bad) about himself as compared to a long-dead French nobleman who began speaking Latin at the age of two, went to college instead of kindergarten, worked for kings, and once had an audience with the Pope. Perry "matriculated as a barn-booted bumpkin who still marks a second-place finish in the sixth-grade spelling bee as an intellectual pinnacle . . . and once said hello to Merle Haggard on a golf cart." Written in a spirit of exploration rather than declaration, Montaigne in Barn Boots is a down-to-earth (how do you pronounce that last name?) look into the ideas of a philosopher "ensconced in a castle tower overlooking his vineyard," channeled by a midwestern American writing "in a room above the garage overlooking a disused pig pen." Whether grabbing an electrified fence, fighting fires, failing to fix a truck, or feeding chickens, Perry draws on each experience to explore subjects as diverse as faith, race, sex, aromatherapy, and Prince. But he also champions academics and aesthetics, in a book that ultimately emerges as a sincere, unflinching look at the vital need to be a better person and citizen.

Dying for Ideas

The Dangerous Lives of the Philosophers

Author: Costica Bradatan

Publisher: Bloomsbury Publishing

ISBN: 1472522303

Category: Philosophy

Page: 272

View: 8279

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What do Socrates, Hypatia, Giordano Bruno, Thomas More, and Jan Patocka have in common? First, they were all faced one day with the most difficult of choices: stay faithful to your ideas and die or renounce them and stay alive. Second, they all chose to die. Their spectacular deaths have become not only an integral part of their biographies, but are also inseparable from their work. A "death for ideas" is a piece of philosophical work in its own right; Socrates may have never written a line, but his death is one of the greatest philosophical best-sellers of all time. Dying for Ideas explores the limit-situation in which philosophers find themselves when the only means of persuasion they can use is their own dying bodies and the public spectacle of their death. The book tells the story of the philosopher's encounter with death as seen from several angles: the tradition of philosophy as an art of living; the body as the site of self-transcending; death as a classical philosophical topic; taming death and self-fashioning; finally, the philosophers' scapegoating and their live performance of a martyr's death, followed by apotheosis and disappearance into myth. While rooted in the history of philosophy, Dying for Ideas is an exercise in breaking disciplinary boundaries. This is a book about Socrates and Heidegger, but also about Gandhi's "fasting unto death" and self-immolation; about Girard and Passolini, and self-fashioning and the art of the essay.

A Virtue for Courageous Minds

Moderation in French Political Thought, 1748-1830

Author: Aurelian Craiutu

Publisher: Princeton University Press

ISBN: 1400842425

Category: Philosophy

Page: 336

View: 3570

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Political moderation is the touchstone of democracy, which could not function without compromise and bargaining, yet it is one of the most understudied concepts in political theory. How can we explain this striking paradox? Why do we often underestimate the virtue of moderation? Seeking to answer these questions, A Virtue for Courageous Minds examines moderation in modern French political thought and sheds light on the French Revolution and its legacy. Aurelian Craiutu begins with classical thinkers who extolled the virtues of a moderate approach to politics, such as Aristotle and Cicero. He then shows how Montesquieu inaugurated the modern rebirth of this tradition by laying the intellectual foundations for moderate government. Craiutu looks at important figures such as Jacques Necker, Madame de Staël, and Benjamin Constant, not only in the context of revolutionary France but throughout Europe. He traces how moderation evolves from an individual moral virtue into a set of institutional arrangements calculated to protect individual liberty, and he explores the deep affinity between political moderation and constitutional complexity. Craiutu demonstrates how moderation navigates between political extremes, and he challenges the common notion that moderation is an essentially conservative virtue, stressing instead its eclectic nature. Drawing on a broad range of writings in political theory, the history of political thought, philosophy, and law, A Virtue for Courageous Minds reveals how the virtue of political moderation can address the profound complexities of the world today.

Montaigne

Author: Stefan Zweig

Publisher: BoD – Books on Demand

ISBN: 3843031398

Category: Fiction

Page: 56

View: 9149

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Stefan Zweig: Montaigne Entstanden: 1941/42. Vollständige Neuausgabe. Herausgegeben von Karl-Maria Guth. Berlin 2015. Umschlaggestaltung von Thomas Schultz-Overhage unter Verwendung des Bildes: Thomas de Leu, Michel Eyquem de Montaigne-Delecroix, 16. Jhd.. Gesetzt aus Minion Pro, 11 pt.

Prison Shakespeare and the Purpose of Performance: Repentance Rituals and the Early Modern

Author: N. Herold

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 1137432675

Category: Performing Arts

Page: 142

View: 2288

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Over the last decade a number of prison theatre programs have developed to rehabilitate inmates by having them perform Shakespearean adaptations. This book focuses on how prison theatre today reveals certain elements of the early modern theatre that were themselves responses to cataclysmic changes in theological doctrine and religious practice.

Der Tod Gottes und die Krise der Kultur

Author: Terry Eagleton

Publisher: Pattloch eBook

ISBN: 3629320953

Category: Philosophy

Page: 288

View: 7387

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Terry Eagleton setzt sich mit Religion und Kultur seit der Aufklärung auseinander. Was als Siegeszug des Atheismus erscheint, ist die Ursache für die Krise der westlichen Kultur: Am 11. September 2001 stürzten auch die Hoffnungen der Atheisten in sich zusammen. Das Bedürfnis zu glauben wächst seitdem umso stärker, je deutlicher der spirituelle Bankrott der kapitalistischen Ordnung sichtbar wird. Daraus entwickelt Eagleton seine Überzeugung als Linkskatholik: Er fordert keine religiöse Wohlfühlmoral, sondern eine radikale Änderung unserer Lebensweise. Am Anfang müsste die Solidarität mit den Armen und Machtlosen stehen – als Voraussetzung für ein längst überfälliges neues Verhältnis von Glaube, Kultur und Politik.

The Obstacle is the Way

The Ancient Art of Turning Adversity to Advantage

Author: Ryan Holiday

Publisher: Profile Books

ISBN: 1782830057

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 229

View: 576

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We give up too easily. With a simple change of attitude, what seem like insurmountable obstacles become once-in-a-lifetime opportunities. Ryan Holiday, who dropped out of college at nineteen to serve as an apprentice to bestselling 'modern Machiavelli' Robert Greene and is now a media consultant for billion-dollar brands, draws on the philosophy of the Stoics to guide you in every situation, showing that what blocks our path actually opens one that is new and better. If the competition threatens you, it's time to be fearless, to display your courage. An impossible deadline becomes a chance to show how dedicated you are. And as Ryan discovered as Director of Marketing for American Apparel, if your brand is generating controversy - it's also potentially generating publicity. The Stoic philosophy - that what is in the way, is the way - can be applied to any problem: it's a formula invented more than 2,000 years ago, whose effectiveness has been proven in battles and board rooms ever since. From Barack Obama's ability to overcome obstacles in his election races, to the design of the iPhone, the stoic philosophy has helped its users become world-beaters.

The Wherewithal of Life

Ethics, Migration, and the Question of Well-Being

Author: Michael Jackson

Publisher: Univ of California Press

ISBN: 0520956818

Category: Social Science

Page: 272

View: 1380

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The Wherewithal of Life engages with current developments in the anthropology of ethics and migration studies to explore in empirical depth and detail the life experiences of three young men – a Ugandan migrant in Copenhagen, a Burkina Faso migrant in Amsterdam, and a Mexican migrant in Boston – in ways that significantly broaden our understanding of the existential situations and ethical dilemmas of those migrating from the global south. Michael Jackson offers the first biographically based phenomenological account of migration and mobility, providing new insights into the various motives, tactics, dilemmas, dreams, and disappointments that characterize contemporary migration. It is argued that the quandaries of African or Mexican migrants are not unique to people moving between ‘traditional’ and ‘modern’ worlds. While more intensely felt by the young, seeking to find a way out of a world of limited opportunity and circumscribed values, the experiences of transition are familiar to us all, whatever our age, gender, ethnicity or social status – namely, the impossibility of calculating what one may lose in leaving a settled life or home place; what one may gain by risking oneself in an alien environment; the difficulty of striking a balance between personal fulfillment and the moral claims of kinship; and the struggle to know the difference between ‘concrete’ and ‘abstract’ utopias (the first reasonable and worth pursuing; the second hopelessly unattainable).

Goethe - Kunstwerk des Lebens

Biografie

Author: Rüdiger Safranski

Publisher: Carl Hanser Verlag GmbH Co KG

ISBN: 3446244549

Category: Biography & Autobiography

Page: 800

View: 6585

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Das Goethe-Buch für unsere Zeit: Rüdiger Safranski nähert sich dem letzten Universalgenie aus den primären Quellen – Werke, Briefe, Tagebücher, Gespräche, Aufzeichnungen von Zeitgenossen. So wird Goethe ungewohnt lebendig: Ein junger Mann aus gutem Hause, dem Studentenleben zugetan und dauerverliebt, wird Bestsellerautor, bekommt eine gutdotierte Stellung, dilettiert in Naturforschungen, flüchtet nach Italien, lebt in wilder Ehe – und bei alledem schreibt er seine unvergesslichen Werke. Doch er wollte noch mehr: Das Leben selbst sollte zum Kunstwerk werden. Safranskis souverän geschriebenes Buch macht uns zu Zeitgenossen dieses Menschen und schildert eindringlich, wie Goethe sich zu Goethe gemacht hat.

Play it again

Ein Jahr zwischen Noten und Nachrichten

Author: Alan Rusbridger

Publisher: Secession Verlag

ISBN: 3905951703

Category: Biography & Autobiography

Page: 480

View: 6892

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Für Journalisten ist er ein Star: Alan Rusbridger, seit 20 Jahren Chefredakteur des britischen Guardian, hat seine Zeitung zum führenden kritischen englischsprachigen Blatt gemacht, auf beiden Seiten des Atlantik. Und er hat wie kein zweiter in der Branche die revolutionären Herausforderungen des Internet angenommen. Im vergangenen Jahr erhielt Rusbridger zusammen mit dem Enthüller der amerikanischen Geheimdienstpraktiken Edward Snowden den alternativen Nobelpreis für seine unerschrockene Aufklärungsarbeit im öffentlichen Interesse. Doch es gibt noch eine ganz andere Seite des hochdekorierten Journalisten: der Klavierspieler Rusbridger, der sich seinem Instrument mit ähnlicher Hingabe verschrieben hat, wie dem Kampf gegen staatliche Willkür. Als er während eines Workshops in Frankreich einen Hobby-Pianisten Chopins Ballade Nr. 1 spielen hört, packt ihn der Ehrgeiz. Ein Jahr lang übt er jeden Tag 20 Minuten lang das Furcht einflößende Stück, das zu den schwierigsten des Repertoires gehört. In seinem Buch nimmt Rusbridger uns mit an die Grenzen dessen, was ein Freizeit-Musiker an Fingerfertigkeit, Konzentration, Beherrschung und Musikalität erreichen kann. Wir erfahren, was Pianisten wie Murray Perahia, Richard Goode, Emanuel Ax, Daniel Barenboim, Stephen Hough and Alfred Brendel ihm raten, wie Musikhistoriker und -theoretiker ihn anspornen und Neurowissenschaftler ihm auf ganz andere Weise erklären, was Klavierspielen eigentlich ist. Gleichzeitig sind wir dabei, wie Rusbridger in Tripolis während des Bürgerkrieges in Libyen Reporter aus Geiselhaft befreit, wie er eine komplizierte Partnerschaft mit dem eigenwilligen WikiLeaks-Gründer Julian Assange, der New York Times und dem deutschen Spiegel managt und wie er den Telefon-Abhörskandal des britischen Magazins News of the World an die Öffentlichkeit bringt.

Alles umsonst

Roman

Author: Walter Kempowski

Publisher: Albrecht Knaus Verlag

ISBN: 364101350X

Category: Fiction

Page: 384

View: 6017

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Ostpreußen im Januar 1945: Hunderttausende Menschen fliehen vor den Russen in Richtung Westen. Doch die schöne Katharina von Globig, Herrin auf Gut Georgenhof, verschließt vor der Realität die Augen. Sie zieht sich in ihr Refugium aus Büchern, Musik und Träumen zurück. Als der Dorfpastor sie bittet, für eine Nacht einen Verfolgten zu verstecken, willigt sie ein. Kurze Zeit später wird der Mann aufgegriffen, Katharina wird verhaftet. Die trügerische Idylle ist dahin. Mit Sack und Pack macht sich der Rest der Familie auf den Weg. Die große Flucht wird zu einem Albtraum.

Schutzschrift für Raimond von Sebonde

Author: Michel de Montaigne

Publisher: Hofenberg

ISBN: 9783743708129

Category: Philosophy

Page: 256

View: 7525

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Michel de Montaigne: Schutzschrift für Raimond von Sebonde »Apologie de Raymond Sebon)«. Erstdruck in: Essais, Bordeaux 1580. Der Text folgt der ersten deutschen Übersetzung von Johann Daniel Tietz (Friedrich Lankischens Erben), Leipzig 1753. – Die Fußnoten stammen vom Übersetzer. Da sich die hilfreiche Übertragung der fremdsprachigen Zitate und der aufschlußreiche Nachweis von Montaignes Quellen in vielen Fällen nicht von den Kommentaren des Übersetzers trennen ließen, wurden die Noten vollständig übernommen. Die Position der Fußnotenzeichen wurde dem üblichen Gebrauch angepaßt. Neuausgabe mit einer Biographie des Autors. Herausgegeben von Karl-Maria Guth. Berlin 2017. Textgrundlage ist die Ausgabe: Michel de Montaigne: Essais [Versuche] nebst des Verfassers Leben nach der Ausgabe von Pierre Coste ins Deutsche übersetzt von Johann Daniel Tietz. Band 1-3, Zürich: Diogenes, 1992. Die Paginierung obiger Ausgabe wird in dieser Neuausgabe als Marginalie zeilengenau mitgeführt. Umschlaggestaltung von Thomas Schultz-Overhage. Gesetzt aus der Minion Pro, 11 pt.

The Mnemonic Imagination

Remembering as Creative Practice

Author: E. Keightley,M. Pickering

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 113727154X

Category: Social Science

Page: 239

View: 4283

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An exploration of some of the key theoretical challenges and conceptual issues facing the emergent field of memory studies, from the relationship between experience and memory to the commercial exploitation of nostalgia, using the key concept of the mnemonic imagination.