How to Read a Paper

The Basics of Evidence-Based Medicine

Author: Trisha Greenhalgh

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 9781444390360

Category: Medical

Page: 256

View: 8051

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How to Read a Paper describes the different types of clinical research reporting, and explains how to critically appraise the publications. The book provides the tools to find and evaluate the literature, and implement the findings in an evidence-based, patient-centered way. Written for anyone in the health care professions who has little or no knowledge of evidence-based medicine, it provides a clear understanding of the concepts and how to put them into practice at the basic, clinical level. Changes for the 4th edition The fourth edition will include two new chapters on important developments in health care research and delivery, but otherwise retains its original style, size, and scope. New chapter on quality improvement – describing papers on quality improvement projects using ebm methods; this will extend the readership to non clinical health care professionals working in hospitals and family practice, and to nurse specialists and practice nurses working in this field New chapter on complex interventions - how to set up research projects involving both qualitative and quantitative methodology (known as mixed methods) Thorough revision and updating of existing chapters and references New illustrations – diagrammatic representations of ebm concepts

Medizinische Statistik

Author: Hans J. Trampisch,Jürgen Windeler

Publisher: Springer-Verlag

ISBN: 364256996X

Category: Mathematics

Page: 376

View: 2998

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"Statistiken sind merkwürdige Dinge ...", dies wird so mancher Mediziner denken, wenn er sich mit der Biometrie befaßt. Sei es im Rahmen seiner Ausbildung oder im Zuge wissenschaftlicher oder klinischer Studien, Kenntnisse der Statistik und Mathematik sind unentbehrlich für die tägliche Arbeit des Mediziners. Ziel dieses Lehrbuches ist es, den Mediziner systematisch an biometrische Terminologie und Arbeitsmethoden heranzuführen, um ihn schließlich mit den Grundlagen der Wahrscheinlichkeitsrechung vertraut zu machen. Nach der Lektüre dieses Buches hält der Leser ein Werkzeug in den Händen, das ihm bei der Lösung medizinscher Fragestellungen hilft ebenso wie bei der Beschreibung von Ergebnissen wissenschaftlicher Studien und natürlich bei der Doktorarbeit!

How to Read a Paper: The Basics of Evidence Based Medicine

Author: Trisha Greenhalgh

Publisher: London: BMJ Books

ISBN: 9780727915788

Category: Medical

Page: 222

View: 4091

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In this lucid, readable book Trisha Greenhalgh provides the basics of evidence based medicine: how to find a medical research paper, assess it for its scientific validity, and where relevant, put the findings into practice. Written for anyone, medically qualified or not, who wishes to understand and apply evidence based medicine, How to Read a Paper makes seemingly obscure concepts clear and relevant, using practical examples and considering all the main types of research paper. This book is a comprehensive introduction to the usefulness and potential applications of evidence based medicine in the clinical setting.

Merenstein & Gardner's Handbook of Neonatal Intensive Care E-Book

Author: Sandra Lee Gardner,Brian S. Carter,Mary I Enzman-Hines,Jacinto A. Hernandez

Publisher: Elsevier Health Sciences

ISBN: 0323081134

Category: Medical

Page: 1040

View: 7461

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The leading resource for collaborative critical care for newborns, Merenstein & Gardner’s Handbook of Neonatal Intensive Care, 7th Edition provides a multidisciplinary approach and a real-world perspective. It focuses on evidenced-based practice, with clinical directions in color for easy retrieval and review. Special features help you prioritize the steps in initial care, and provide a guide to sharing information with parents. With each chapter written jointly by both physicians and nurses, this book is comprehensive enough to suit the needs of the entire team in your neonatal intensive care unit. Unique! A multidisciplinary perspective is provided by an editorial team of two physicians and two nurses, and each chapter is written and reviewed by a physician and nurse team, so information mirrors the real-world experience in a neonatal intensive care unit. Unique! Clinical content is in color, so you can quickly scan through chapters for information that directly affects patient care. Unique! Parent Teaching boxes highlight the relevant information to be shared with a patient’s caregivers. Critical Findings boxes outline symptoms and diagnostic findings that require immediate attention, helping you prioritize assessment data and steps in initial care. Coverage in clinical chapters includes pathophysiology and etiology, prevention, data collection, treatment, complications, outcomes, prognosis, and parent education. Expanded Neonatal Surgery chapter covers all of the most common procedures in neonatal surgery. Follow-up of the Neonatal Intensive Care Unit Infant chapter is expanded to include coverage of outcomes management and discharge planning. Streamlined references are updated to include only the most current or classic sources.

Evidence Based Veterinary Medicine for the Bovine Veterinarian, An Issue of Veterinary Clinics: Food Animal Practice - E-Book

Author: Sebastien Buczinski,Jean-Michel Vandeweerd

Publisher: Elsevier Health Sciences

ISBN: 1455743232

Category: Medical

Page: 164

View: 4481

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A comprehensive review of evidence-based medicine for the food animal practitioner! Topics include: evidence-based veterinary medicine: principles, applications and perceptions in veterinary medicine, systemic review in the evidence-based veterinary medicine: material and methods, evidence related to the use of ancillary drugs in bovine respiratory disease (anti-inflammatory and others: are they justified or not?, evidence-based use of prokinetic drugs for abomasal disorders in calves and cows, what is the best therapeutic option between intramammary and systemic antibiotic treatment and between intramammary antibiotics?, evidence-based management of infectious certifiable diseases, evidence-based veterinary medicine concerning vaccinal efficiency against clostridial diseases in calves, evidence based therapeutical options for hepatic lipidosis in dairy cows : dextrose, insulin, and others?, and evidence based effectiveness concerning vaccination against mannheimia haemolytica, pasteurella multocida and histophilus somni in feedlot cattle, and much more!

Clinical Neurology E-Book

A Primer

Author: Peter Gates

Publisher: Elsevier Health Sciences

ISBN: 0729579352

Category: Medical

Page: 450

View: 6750

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Please note that this eBook does not include the DVD accompaniment. If you would like to have access to the DVD content, please purchase the print copy of this title. This is a clinical neurology book for students and non neurologists, and for those who teach them. The book covers neuroanatomy, history taking and examination and then proceeds to discuss the clinical features of common problems as well as selected, less common neurological disorders, in a way that will demystify a part of medicine that many find complex and difficult to understand. The book is accompanied by a DVD explaining concepts, demonstrating techniques of performing the neurological examination and demonstration of abnormal neurological signs. The first chapter is devoted to neuroanatomy from a clinical viewpoint. The concept of localising problems by likening the nervous system to a map grid with vertical meridians of longitude (the ascending sensory pathways and the descending motor pathway)and horizontal parallels of latitude (cortical signs, brainstem cranial nerves, nerve roots and peripheral nerves) of the nervous system is developed. Subsequent chapters take the reader through the neurological examination and the common neurological presentations from a symptom oriented approach. Chapter 4 contains a very simple method of understanding the brainstem, the "rule of 4". Chapter 6 discusses the approach after the history and examination are completed. The final chapter is an overview of how to approach information gathering and keeping up-to-date using the complex information streams available. widely illustrated with case studies and illustrations key points clinical questions clinical orientation with comprehensive references

Management of Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus E-Book

A Practical Guide

Author: Steven Levene,Richard Donnelly

Publisher: Elsevier Health Sciences

ISBN: 0702049972

Category: Medical

Page: 312

View: 7241

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This title is directed primarily towards health care professionals outside of the United States. In the 21st Century, the management of type 2 diabetes has become even more important both in the primary health care setting and in the UK government's health policy. With the publication of the National Service Framework and the allied National Clinical Guidelines, both patients and the government expect practices to deliver appropriate and effective care to a high standard. This handbook addresses many concepts important in the day-to-day management of these patients. In addition to the discussion of specific medical management of type 2 diabetes (including the improvement of cardiovascular risk factors), the book explores the use of self-management techniques, the consultation process, and the use of psychological techniques to influence health-related behavior. All aspects of the text are linked, when appropriate, to the GMS contract. The authors include a full time GP delivering diabetic care and an eminent Consultant/academic at the leading edge of diabetes research The text is completely up-to-date with numerous current references, incorporating the latest guidance The span of the text is comprehensive, including clinical, organisational and psycho-social topics of importance in delivering high-quality diabetes care The text is cross-referenced to the relevant QOF indicators and NSF standards This book also covers the relevant aspects of diabetes in Curriculum Statement 15.6 prepared by the Royal College of General Practitioners, which forms the basis of the new membership examination and the competencies expected of General Practitioners. The management options include extensive balanced discussions about not just drugs, but also health education and appropriate referrals to specialists The approach is neither didactic nor promotional, and aims to provide sufficient practical information to help clinicians make optimal decisions that take full account of the latest authoritative guidance, but which can be tailored rationally to the individual patient's needs Many of the concepts covered - including reduction of cardiovascular risk, health education, audit and lifestyle - are extremely relevant to non-diabetes care The appendices include a detailed drug formulary and the relevant 2006-2008 QOF clinical indicators. Future trends and further reading are clearly set out, ensuring that the book will remain useful for the next few years.

The Design of Everyday Things

Psychologie und Design der alltäglichen Dinge

Author: Norman Don

Publisher: Vahlen

ISBN: 3800648105

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 320

View: 4901

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Apple, Audi, Braun oder Samsung machen es vor: Gutes Design ist heute eine kritische Voraussetzung für erfolgreiche Produkte. Dieser Klassiker beschreibt die fundamentalen Prinzipien, um Dinge des täglichen Gebrauchs umzuwandeln in unterhaltsame und zufriedenstellende Produkte. Don Norman fordert ein Zusammenspiel von Mensch und Technologie mit dem Ziel, dass Designer und Produktentwickler die Bedürfnisse, Fähigkeiten und Handlungsweisen der Nutzer in den Vordergrund stellen und Designs an diesen angepasst werden. The Design of Everyday Things ist eine informative und spannende Einführung für Designer, Marketer, Produktentwickler und für alle an gutem Design interessierten Menschen. Zum Autor Don Norman ist emeritierter Professor für Kognitionswissenschaften. Er lehrte an der University of California in San Diego und der Northwest University in Illinois. Mitte der Neunzigerjahre leitete Don Norman die Advanced Technology Group bei Apple. Dort prägte er den Begriff der User Experience, um über die reine Benutzbarkeit hinaus eine ganzheitliche Erfahrung der Anwender im Umgang mit Technik in den Vordergrund zu stellen. Norman ist Mitbegründer der Beratungsfirma Nielsen Norman Group und hat unter anderem Autohersteller von BMW bis Toyota beraten. „Keiner kommt an Don Norman vorbei, wenn es um Fragen zu einem Design geht, das sich am Menschen orientiert.“ Brand Eins 7/2013 „Design ist einer der wichtigsten Wettbewerbsvorteile. Dieses Buch macht Spaß zu lesen und ist von größter Bedeutung.” Tom Peters, Co-Autor von „Auf der Suche nach Spitzenleistungen“

Research Methods for Massage and Holistic Therapies - E-Book

Author: Glenn Hymel

Publisher: Elsevier Health Sciences

ISBN: 0323070493

Category: Medical

Page: 360

View: 7264

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This comprehensive resource covers a broad array of research strategies available to massage therapists to give them the tools they need to be knowledgeable readers of research literature, as well as active researchers. The primary focus of the book is on the quantitative aspect of research that encompasses the principal types of studies most extensively used in the various health care professions, specifically massage therapy. Extensive coverage is also given to the qualitative and integrative research categories that are progressively gaining recognition among researchers in various health science disciplines and professions. Accommodates the March 2003 mandate from the Commission on Massage Therapy Accreditation (COMTA) that massage therapy schools incorporate into their curricula provisions to ensure a research literate profession. Examples and techniques for interpreting research guide practitioners and students to be knowledgeable readers of massage therapy research, allowing application to practice. Relies heavily on concept maps, flowcharts, tables, and illustrations and excerpts of published studies to augment the book's narrative development of topics by providing pictorial displays and summaries of the material. Literature-based and hypothetical research examples/illustrations from several manual therapy professions employing therapeutic massage make the material pertinent to real-life settings An introductory section at the beginning of each chapter reviews the material covered in the previous chapter and how it relates to the new material. Chapter coverage spans the quantitative, qualitative, and integrative research categories and affiliated research strategies and methods are considered in detail. Review/summary tables give an overview of the narrative development of topics. Boxes provide the essential features of a given topic. Relies on multiple examples of possible research scenarios and illustrative excerpts from the published research literature. Content is cross-referenced for use with the Massage Therapy Foundation's Massage Therapy Research Curriculum Kit to provide both instructors and students in the 6-, 15-, and 24-hour options/levels an extensively-developed resource in one place. Each chapter includes recommended web sites and software application packages for further information.

Evidence-Based Practice Manual for Nurses - E-Book

Author: Jean V. Craig,Rosalind L. Smyth

Publisher: Elsevier Health Sciences

ISBN: 070204668X

Category: Medical

Page: 398

View: 2548

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The Evidence-based Practice Manual successfully breaks down the skills for evidence-based nursing into manageable components. The reader will learn how to find, critically read and interpret a range of research studies, and will discover optimal approaches to helping patients reach decisions that are informed by the best-available evidence. The more-strategic concepts of developing an organisational evidence-based culture and making evidence-based changes at organisational level are the focus of the final section. Step-by-step guide to finding, appraising and applying research evidence in nursing Teaches skills for successfully reviewing published literature: formulating a focused question developing a search strategy for efficient retrieval of relevant studies appraising the retrieved studies All examples are relevant to nurses and nursing Reflects contemporary nursing issues A new chapter on ‘Using research evidence in making clinical decisions with the individual patient’ provides practical guidance and tools for decision-making A new chapter on ‘Using evidence from qualitative studies’ explains the complexities of qualitative methodologies and methods in a simple, easily understood way Online exercises and solutions Help the reader test out and consolidate newly acquired skills and knowledge Provide an opportunity to critically appraise studies with the following range of designs: qualitative research a randomised controlled trial a cohort study a case control study a diagnostic test accuracy study a systematic review a clinical guideline Example solutions are provided, all written by experts in the field.

The Research Process in Nursing

Author: Kate Gerrish,Judith Lathlean

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1118522575

Category: Medical

Page: 632

View: 3740

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Comprehensive and thorough in scope, The Research Process inNursing 7th edition provides everything you could want to knowabout research methods. This established textbook reflects thesignificant advances in nursing research and the importance ofevidence-based practice, and provides an invaluable resource forboth the novice and the more experienced researcher. It includes practical information and advice on: How to find and critique the evidence How to choose the right approach How to collect data How to make sense of the data How to put research into practice Special features: A clear, explicit and easy to understand text which linkstheory with practical steps in the research process. Examples provided allow the reader to apply a variety ofresearch concepts to theoretical learning and professionalpractice. Incorporates chapters, research examples, and policy from arange of international countries, including Canada, Australia, USAand Hong Kong. Provides detailed discussions around each example, whichclearly link theory with practice Easy to read for novice researchers and undergraduate nursingstudents, but at the same time provides sufficient depth and detailto be of value to experienced researchers and practitioners.

Midwifery

Preparation for Practice

Author: Sally K. Tracy,Carol Thorogood,Jan Pincombe,Sally Pairman

Publisher: Elsevier Health Sciences

ISBN: 072957928X

Category: Medical

Page: 976

View: 5876

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Midwifery Preparation for Practice 2e is the only text which reflects the historical and socio – political environment in which midwives in Australia and New Zealand practice. In addition, it is the only text which incorporates the philosophy and standards endorsed by New Zealand and Australian Colleges of Midwives while also focusing on the partnership between midwives with women and the woman- centred model of midwifery care. The second edition has built on the existing philosophy and structure of Midwifery: Preparation for Practice, though with a greater emphasis on the development of critical thinking and researching skills. Key chapters have been re-written to reflect recent changes in government legislation while current research and pertinent examples are included throughout the text. This new edition is supported by a comprehensive suite of resources for both Instructors and Students using the Evolve website as a platform. These ancillaries will re-enforce the critical thinking elements for students with interactive case studies and scenario based learning exercises as well as the multiple choice questions. Presents unique philosophy and woman-centered approach in line with the standards set by the ACNM and NZCM Key contributors from Australia and New Zealand Key terms, Chapter Overview, Learning Outcomes and Review Questions included in every chapter. Reflective exercises, Critical thinking exercises and Clinical Scenarios to encourage active student learning 2 new Indigenous chapters highlight key health aspects relevant for Midwives working with Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander women and Maori women New chapter on Perineal care and repair Increased coverage of anatomy and physiology Instructor and Student resources on Evolve with a focus on critical thinking – Weblinks, interactive case studies, PowerPoints, additional exercises with questions and answers

Joints and Connective Tissues

General Practice: The Integrative Approach Series

Author: Kerryn Phelps,Craig Hassed

Publisher: Elsevier Health Sciences

ISBN: 0729582175

Category: Medical

Page: 1280

View: 4871

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Joints and Connective Tissues - General Practice: The Integrative Approach Series. In order to diagnose and manage the patient presenting with musculoskeletal symptoms, it is important to distinguish whether the pathology is arising primarily in the so-called hard tissues (such as bone) or the soft tissues (such as cartilage, disc, synovium, capsule, muscle, tendon, tendon sheath). It is also important to distinguish between the two most common causes of musculoskeletal symptoms, namely inflammatory and degenerative.

Facharztprüfung Psychiatrie, Psychotherapie und Psychosomatik

1500 kommentierte Prüfungsfragen

Author: Helmfried E. Klein,Frank-Gerald B. Pajonk,Michael Wirsching

Publisher: Georg Thieme Verlag

ISBN: 3132403326

Category: Medical

Page: 446

View: 3474

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Mit Sicherheit zum Erfolg Erarbeiten Sie sich den kompletten Prüfungsstoff. Über 1500 Fragen aus allen Themenbereichen der Psychiatrie und Psychotherapie sowie der Psychosomatischen Medizin und Psychotherapie. Alle Fragen mit präzisen Antworten und ausführlichen Erläuterungen. Stressfreie und effektive Vorbereitung - Testen der Prüfungstauglichkeit durch die Simulation zu Hause - systematisches Lernen und praxisnahe Erfolgskontrolle - Selbsttest ermöglicht eine realistische Einschätzung des Leistungsstandes - hilfreiche Lerntipps zur Optimierung des eigenen Lernstils - Tipps zur Einreichung der Unterlagen und zur Antragstellung Neu in der 4. Auflage - erweitert um das Fachgebiet Psychosomatik - inhaltlich neu strukturiert - neues Kapitel zu Schlafstörungen Jederzeit zugreifen: Der Inhalt des Buches steht Ihnen ohne weitere Kosten digital in der Wissensplattform eRef zur Verfügung (Zugangscode im Buch). Mit der kostenlosen eRef App haben Sie zahlreiche Inhalte auch offline immer griffbereit.

Mayes' Midwifery E-Book

A Textbook for Midwives

Author: Sue Macdonald

Publisher: Elsevier Health Sciences

ISBN: 0702045969

Category: Medical

Page: 1084

View: 8286

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Mayes’ Midwifery, an established key textbook for students and qualified midwives, contains essential knowledge for professional practice. For this 14th edition, each section and chapter has been fully updated and enhanced by leading authors to ensure the text complies with contemporary practice and current guidelines. Added benefits are the availability of a variety of additional online resources for each chapter, including case studies, video and website links, and a bank of multiple-choice questions to test knowledge. With a strong emphasis on normal birth, the book covers the spectrum of midwifery-related topics applied to practice, providing a foundation of knowledge, and encouraging independent thought through the use of reflective exercises in each chapter and online. The book provides midwives with material that meets individual ways of learning and supports current modes of midwifery education. Mayes’ Midwifery is the text for initial preparation and for ongoing midwifery practice. New chapters on essential contemporary issues: Vulnerable women Perspectives on the future of midwifery, in a global context Evidence-based information to guide best practice Learning outcomes and Key Points in all chapters Reflective activities Now with an integrated website offering additional resources and material including: Multiple-choice questions for self-testing Case studies Reflective activities to consolidate your professional development Useful additional reading, resources and weblinks Expanded topics Downloadable materials including illustrations

Evidence Based Medicine in Orthopedic Surgery, An Issue of Orthopedic Clinics - E-Book

Author: Safdar N. Khan,Mark A. Lee,Munish C. Gupta

Publisher: Elsevier Health Sciences

ISBN: 1455700509

Category: Medical

Page: 167

View: 4993

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Articles include: Definition and Principles, Evidence-Based Orthopaedics: Is it possible? Conflict of Interest and Orthopaedic Publications, SPRINT Trial, Clavicle fractures, Intracapsular femur neck fractures, SPORT trial: Spinal stenosis, Cervical spondylotic myelopathy – anterior vs posterior approaches, Total disc replacement vs Fusion, Flexible constructs for spinal fusion, DVT prophylaxis in adult reconstruction, Hip resurfacing – what is the evidence, Graft selection/type in ACL surgery, LEAP Trial, BESTT Trial, SPORT trial: Lumbar disc herniations, SPORT trial: Degenerative spondylolisthesis.

4 Blutgruppen - Richtig leben

Das individuelle Konzept für körperliches und seelisches Wohlbefinden

Author: Peter J. D'Adamo

Publisher: Piper ebooks

ISBN: 3492957544

Category: Medical

Page: 560

View: 3662

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Mit seinem Bestseller zum Blutgruppenkonzept hat Dr. Peter J. D’Adamo schon zahllose Menschen überzeugt. Hier erklärt er auf der Basis von neuesten Forschungsergebnissen und Patientenberichten, dass es für beinahe jeden Lebensaspekt ein blutgruppenspezifisches Profil gibt. Unsere Blutgruppe gibt uns Hinweise dazu, wie wir besser und gesünder leben können. D’Adamo zeigt geeignete Strategien für die richtige Lebensweise und den emotionalen Ausgleich, beschreibt die passende Zweistufendiät für jede Blutgruppe und erklärt individuelle Diätrichtlinien und Therapien für chronische Krankheiten.

An Introduction to Evidence-based Practice in Nursing & Healthcare

Author: Alison Pooler

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1317903072

Category: Medical

Page: 96

View: 9536

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The beginner’s guide to Evidence-based Practice for Nursing, Health and Social Care. An Introduction to Evidence-based Practice in Nursing & Health aims to help students, educators, mentors and professionals to make sense of knowledge derived from research and how to use it as a basis for making sound decisions about patient care. Covering everything from basic terminology to the application of Evidence-based Practice in your everyday routine, this text is the guide to better practice. Written in a accessible and interactive style, An Introduction to Evidence-based Practice in Nursing & Health clearly sets out what Evidence-based Practice is, why it is important and how you can use it successfully to improve patient care. Key Features for success in Evidence-based Practice: Simply and quickly shows you what Evidence-based Practice is and how you can use it. Helps you to develop an understanding of the policies driving Evidence-based Practice and professional development. Regular reinforcement of your learning through integrated Activities and end-of-chapter self assessment. Extensive references and suggestions for further reading and online research. Integrated Glossary keeps you up-to-date with the latest jargon.

Bailliere's Study Skills for Nurses and Midwives E-Book

Author: Sian Maslin-Prothero

Publisher: Elsevier Health Sciences

ISBN: 0702049360

Category: Medical

Page: 364

View: 6392

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Whether you are a first time student or returning to study, it can seem very daunting. This book can help you get the most from studying and shows how to make good use of your time and achieve success. This 4th edition has been thoroughly revised and updated. It demonstrates how to develop and build on existing strengths and experiences to get the most out of any course. Using a down-to-earth and user-friendly style, it concentrates on what you need to know. It can help you to: • get the most from reading and lectures • access libraries • use the Internet and databases • develop IT skills • learn through reflection • develop a portfolio • prepare assignments • get the most from placements. activities reflection points case studies annotated further reading useful websites This new edition reflects recent changes in nursing and midwifery policy and practice including aspects such as ePortfolios, the European Computer Driving Licence and podcasts The majority of the chapters have been rewritten with either a student, or a practitioner to reflect the need for greater evidence of practice and its importance to midwifery and nursing students. More emphasis on clinical nursing and midwifery practise by relating skills to clinical placements and employment with a new chapter on Clinical Skills. New chapter on ‘Getting ready to study’