Human Accomplishment

The Pursuit of Excellence in the Arts and Sciences, 800 B.C. to 1950

Author: Charles Murray

Publisher: Harper Collins

ISBN: 0061745677

Category: History

Page: 688

View: 7282

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A sweeping cultural survey reminiscent of Barzun's From Dawn to Decadence. "At irregular times and in scattered settings, human beings have achieved great things. Human Accomplishment is about those great things, falling in the domains known as the arts and sciences, and the people who did them.' So begins Charles Murray's unique account of human excellence, from the age of Homer to our own time. Employing techniques that historians have developed over the last century but that have rarely been applied to books written for the general public, Murray compiles inventories of the people who have been essential to the stories of literature, music, art, philosophy, and the sciences—a total of 4,002 men and women from around the world, ranked according to their eminence. The heart of Human Accomplishment is a series of enthralling descriptive chapters: on the giants in the arts and what sets them apart from the merely great; on the differences between great achievement in the arts and in the sciences; on the meta-inventions, 14 crucial leaps in human capacity to create great art and science; and on the patterns and trajectories of accomplishment across time and geography. Straightforwardly and undogmatically, Charles Murray takes on some controversial questions. Why has accomplishment been so concentrated in Europe? Among men? Since 1400? He presents evidence that the rate of great accomplishment has been declining in the last century, asks what it means, and offers a rich framework for thinking about the conditions under which the human spirit has expressed itself most gloriously. Eye-opening and humbling, Human Accomplishment is a fascinating work that describes what humans at their best can achieve, provides tools for exploring its wellsprings, and celebrates the continuing common quest of humans everywhere to discover truths, create beauty, and apprehend the good.

Future Tense

The Lessons of Culture in an Age of Upheaval

Author: Roger Kimball

Publisher: Encounter Books

ISBN: 1594036470

Category: Political Science

Page: 240

View: 4160

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We are living in an age of unprecedented upheaval. The future of Western culture is uncertain. America’s economic and political vitality are more fragile than ever. The preservation of tradition is far from guaranteed. Many have observed that we are living through a world historical moment of which Hegel spoke: a time when many of the traditional assumptions about the shape and future of culture are suddenly in play. As The New Criterion embarks on its fourth decade of publication, the magazine commemorates its commitment to the civilizing values of informed criticism with the publication of Future Tense: The Lessons of Culture in an Age of Upheaval. Compiling the writings of some of the greatest essayists of our time, Future Tense examines this pivotal period through a variety of lenses. Beginning with a meditation on memorials after the 9/11 attacks (Michael J. Lewis), the essays address patriotism in relation to Pericles (Victor Davis Hanson), twenty-first century American pride and leadership (Andrew Roberts), the future of religion in America (David Bentley Hart), and the unwinding of the welfare state (Kevin D. Williamson). Continuing this arc, pieces examine self-knowledge and modern technology (Anthony Daniels), the cultural capital of museums (James Panero), and the difficulties of making law in the modern world (Andrew C. McCarthy). In its penultimate essay, the book explores the possibility of a forthcoming political revolution (James Piereson), then closes with a reflection of culture’s role in the economy of life and the fragility of civilization (Roger Kimball). Taken together, these prominent writers demonstrate an acute understanding of the value of Western thought as well as the challenges it faces. Future Tense is an engaging discourse on the prospects of society and an important collection for anyone concerned with the longevity of traditional culture.

The Philosophy of Creativity

New Essays

Author: Elliot Samuel Paul,Scott Barry Kaufman

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0199836973

Category: Philosophy

Page: 336

View: 2749

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Creativity pervades human life. It is the mark of individuality, the vehicle of self-expression, and the engine of progress in every human endeavor. It also raises a wealth of neglected and yet evocative philosophical questions: What is the role of consciousness in the creative process? How does the audience for a work for art influence its creation? How can creativity emerge through childhood pretending? Do great works of literature give us insight into human nature? Can a computer program really be creative? How do we define creativity in the first place? Is it a virtue? What is the difference between creativity in science and art? Can creativity be taught? The new essays that comprise The Philosophy of Creativity take up these and other key questions and, in doing so, illustrate the value of interdisciplinary exchange. Written by leading philosophers and psychologists involved in studying creativity, the essays integrate philosophical insights with empirical research.

Handbook of the Psychology of Science

Author: Gregory J. Feist, PhD,Michael E. Gorman, PhD

Publisher: Springer Publishing Company

ISBN: 0826106242

Category: Psychology

Page: 544

View: 9885

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"Highly recommended."--Choice: Current Reviews for Academic Libraries This handbook is the definitive resource for scholars and students interested in how research and theory within each of the major domains of psychologyódevelopmental, cognitive, personality, and socialóhave been applied to understand the nature of scientific thought and behavior. Edited by two esteemed pioneers in the emerging discipline of the psychology of science, it is the first empirically based compendium of its time. The handbook provides a comprehensive examination of how scientific thinking is learned and evolves from infancy to adolescence and adulthood, and combines developmental and cognitive approaches to show the categorical similarities and differences in thinking between children, adolescents, adults, and scientists. Chapters highlight the breadth and depth of psychological perspectives in the studies of science, from creativity and genius, gender, and conflict and cooperation, to postmodernism and psychobiography. A section on applications offers findings and ideas that can be put to use by educators, policymakers, and science administrators. Contributors examine the importance of mental models in solving difficult technical problems, and the significance of leadership and organizational structure in successful innovation. The final section of the book is devoted to the future of this new field, focusing on how to continue to develop a healthy psychology of science. Key Features: Presents the only empirically based compendium of current knowledge about the psychology of scientific thought and behavior Edited by two pioneers in the discipline of psychology of science Describes how scientific thinking is learned and changes throughout the life span Addresses creativity and genius, gender, conflict and cooperation, postmodernism, and psychobiography Covers applications of the psychology of science that can be used by educators, policymakers, and science administrators

The Wiley-Blackwell Handbook of Individual Differences

Author: Tomas Chamorro-Premuzic,Sophie von Stumm,Adrian Furnham

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 9781444343113

Category: Psychology

Page: 632

View: 9528

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The Wiley-Blackwell Handbook of Individual Differences provides a comprehensive, up-to-date overview of recent research, current perspectives, practical applications, and likely future developments in individual differences. Brings together the work of the top global researchers within the area of individual differences, including Philip L. Ackerman, Ian J. Deary, Ed Diener, Robert Hogan, Deniz S. Ones and Dean Keith Simonton Covers methodological, theoretical and paradigm changes in the area of individual differences Individual chapters cover core areas of individual differences including personality and intelligence, biological causes of individual differences, and creativity and emotional intelligence

Civilization

The West and the Rest

Author: Niall Ferguson

Publisher: Penguin

ISBN: 1101548029

Category: History

Page: 432

View: 9559

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From the bestselling author of The Ascent of Money and The Square and the Tower Western civilization’s rise to global dominance is the single most important historical phenomenon of the past five centuries. How did the West overtake its Eastern rivals? And has the zenith of Western power now passed? Acclaimed historian Niall Ferguson argues that beginning in the fifteenth century, the West developed six powerful new concepts, or “killer applications”—competition, science, the rule of law, modern medicine, consumerism, and the work ethic—that the Rest lacked, allowing it to surge past all other competitors. Yet now, Ferguson shows how the Rest have downloaded the killer apps the West once monopolized, while the West has literally lost faith in itself. Chronicling the rise and fall of empires alongside clashes (and fusions) of civilizations, Civilization: The West and the Rest recasts world history with force and wit. Boldly argued and teeming with memorable characters, this is Ferguson at his very best.

Black Rednecks & White Liberals

Hope, Mercy, Justice and Autonomy in the American Health Care System

Author: Thomas Sowell

Publisher: Encounter Books

ISBN: 1594032769

Category: Social Science

Page: 250

View: 1669

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This explosive new book challenges many of the long-prevailing assumptions about blacks, about Jews, about Germans, about slavery, and about education. Plainly written, powerfully reasoned, and backed with a startling array of documented facts, Black Rednecks and White Liberals takes on not only the trendy intellectuals of our times but also such historic interpreters of American life as Alexis de Tocqueville and Frederick Law Olmsted. In a series of long essays, this book presents an in-depth look at key beliefs behind many mistaken and dangerous actions, policies, and trends. It presents eye-opening insights into the historical development of the ghetto culture that is today wrongly seen as a unique black identity--a culture cheered on toward self-destruction by white liberals who consider themselves "friends" of blacks. An essay titled "The Real History of Slavery" presents a jolting re-examination of that tragic institution and the narrow and distorted way it is too often seen today. The reasons for the venomous hatred of Jews, and of other groups like them in countries around the world, are explored in an essay that asks, "Are Jews Generic?" Misconceptions of German history in general, and of the Nazi era in particular, are also re-examined. So too are the inspiring achievements and painful tragedies of black education in the United States. "Black Rednecks and White Liberals" is the capstone of decades of outstanding research and writing on racial and cultural issues by Thomas Sowell.

Eine kurze Geschichte der Menschheit

Author: Yuval Noah Harari

Publisher: DVA

ISBN: 364110498X

Category: History

Page: 528

View: 5469

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Krone der Schöpfung? Vor 100 000 Jahren war der Homo sapiens noch ein unbedeutendes Tier, das unauffällig in einem abgelegenen Winkel des afrikanischen Kontinents lebte. Unsere Vorfahren teilten sich den Planeten mit mindestens fünf weiteren menschlichen Spezies, und die Rolle, die sie im Ökosystem spielten, war nicht größer als die von Gorillas, Libellen oder Quallen. Vor 70 000 Jahren dann vollzog sich ein mysteriöser und rascher Wandel mit dem Homo sapiens, und es war vor allem die Beschaffenheit seines Gehirns, die ihn zum Herren des Planeten und zum Schrecken des Ökosystems werden ließ. Bis heute hat sich diese Vorherrschaft stetig zugespitzt: Der Mensch hat die Fähigkeit zu schöpferischem und zu zerstörerischem Handeln wie kein anderes Lebewesen. Anschaulich, unterhaltsam und stellenweise hochkomisch zeichnet Yuval Harari die Geschichte des Menschen nach und zeigt alle großen, aber auch alle ambivalenten Momente unserer Menschwerdung.

The Wiley Handbook of Genius

Author: Dean Keith Simonton

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1118367391

Category: Psychology

Page: 680

View: 5017

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With contributions from a multi-disciplinary group of expertcontributors, this is the first handbook to discuss all aspects ofgenius, a topic that endlessly provokes and fascinates. The first handbook to discuss all aspects of genius withcontributions from a multi-disciplinary group of experts Covers the origins, characteristics, careers, and consequencesof genius with a focus on cognitive science, individualdifferences, life-span development, and social context Explores individual genius, creators, leaders, and performersas diverse as Queen Elizabeth I, Simón Bolívar, MohandasGandhi, Jean-Jacques Rousseau, Leo Tolstoy, John William Coltrane,Georgia O’Keeffe, and Martha Graham. Utilizes a variety of approaches—from genetics,neuroscience, and longitudinal studies to psychometric tests,interviews, and case studies—to provide a comprehensivetreatment of the subject

Innovation in Pricing

Contemporary Theories and Best Practices

Author: Andreas Hinterhuber,Stephan M. Liozu

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1136199748

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 420

View: 2197

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Pricing has a substantial and immediate impact on profitability. Most companies, however, still use costs or competition as a main basis for setting prices. Product or business model innovation has a high priority for many companies whereas innovation in pricing has received scant attention. This book examines how innovation in pricing can drive profits. The text examines innovation in pricing from four complementary perspectives. Innovation in Pricing Strategy illustrates how companies implement innovative pricing strategies, such as customer value-based pricing. Innovation in Pricing Tactics deals with innovative tools to measure and increase customer willingness to pay and to communicate value to B2B and B2C customers. Innovation in Organizing the Pricing Function looks at state-of-the art approaches to embed the pricing function in the organization. Psychological Aspects of Pricing illustrates how companies can influence customer perceptions of value and price in their question to implement innovation in pricing. This edited volume brings together 26 articles from academics, business practitioners and consultants. Authors are from the world’s largest companies, leading research-based universities and consulting companies specialized in pricing. This book is the only book dedicated to innovation in pricing and an essential read for business executives and pricing managers wishing to treat innovation in pricing as seriously as they treat product or business model innovation.

First Things

A Monthly Journal of Religion and Public Life

Author: N.A

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Religion and sociology

Page: N.A

View: 3469

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Enlightenment Now

The Case for Reason, Science, Humanism, and Progress

Author: Steven Pinker

Publisher: Penguin

ISBN: 0698177886

Category: Psychology

Page: 576

View: 9100

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INSTANT NEW YORK TIMES BESTSELLER A NEW YORK TIMES NOTABLE BOOK OF 2018 ONE OF THE ECONOMIST'S BOOKS OF THE YEAR "My new favorite book of all time." --Bill Gates If you think the world is coming to an end, think again: people are living longer, healthier, freer, and happier lives, and while our problems are formidable, the solutions lie in the Enlightenment ideal of using reason and science. Is the world really falling apart? Is the ideal of progress obsolete? In this elegant assessment of the human condition in the third millennium, cognitive scientist and public intellectual Steven Pinker urges us to step back from the gory headlines and prophecies of doom, which play to our psychological biases. Instead, follow the data: In seventy-five jaw-dropping graphs, Pinker shows that life, health, prosperity, safety, peace, knowledge, and happiness are on the rise, not just in the West, but worldwide. This progress is not the result of some cosmic force. It is a gift of the Enlightenment: the conviction that reason and science can enhance human flourishing. Far from being a naïve hope, the Enlightenment, we now know, has worked. But more than ever, it needs a vigorous defense. The Enlightenment project swims against currents of human nature--tribalism, authoritarianism, demonization, magical thinking--which demagogues are all too willing to exploit. Many commentators, committed to political, religious, or romantic ideologies, fight a rearguard action against it. The result is a corrosive fatalism and a willingness to wreck the precious institutions of liberal democracy and global cooperation. With intellectual depth and literary flair, Enlightenment Now makes the case for reason, science, and humanism: the ideals we need to confront our problems and continue our progress.

In Our Hands

A Plan to Replace the Welfare State

Author: Charles A. Murray

Publisher: Aei Press

ISBN: N.A

Category: Social Science

Page: 214

View: 2858

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Arguing that the current welfare state cannot survive, proposes the elimination of all income transfer programs such as Social Security, Medicare, Medicaid, welfare, and corporate subsidies, and the substitution of an annual cash grant of $10,000 for life for all Americans over the age of twenty-one.

Der Engel des Schreckens (mit Illustrationen)

Author: Edgar Wallace

Publisher: andersseitig.de

ISBN: 3955015130

Category: Fiction

Page: 201

View: 4383

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Lydia Beale wird überredet, einen Mann zu heiraten, der soeben zu lebenslänglicher Haft verurteilt wurde. Kurz nach der Trauung wird ihr Mann erschossen auf der Straße gefunden. Mord. Der Rechtsanwalt Jack Glover ist davon überzeugt, dass Jean Briggerland hinter allem steckt, um an das Geld des Toten heranzukommen. Kann das sein? Kann diese Frau, die aussieht wie ein Engel so kaltblütig einen Mord planen und ausführen? Mit Illustrationen.

Die Mühle des Hamlet

Ein Essay über Mythos und das Gerüst der Zeit

Author: Giorgio de Santillana,Hertha v. Dechend

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 9783709193853

Category: Computers

Page: 522

View: 7180

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Die Mühle des Hamlet enthält den Bericht über eine faszinierende Expedition der Autoren durch die Kulturgeschichte der Menschheit. Gestützt auf zahllose Dokumente aus fast aller Welt und eine entsprechend umfangreiche Bibliographie gelingt es den Autoren, überzeugend und detailliert nachzuweisen, daß die großen universellen Mythen - unter denen die Mühle des Hamlet, oder vielmehr die des skandinavischen Amlodhi, nur als das Ende einer langen Kette zu sehen ist - einen gemeinsamen Ursprung haben, der nicht auf der Erde zu finden ist, sondern im Sternenhimmel: Der Mythos ist eine Sprache für die Darstellung, die Überlieferung und die Handhabung eines umfangreichen und komplexen Korpus astronomischer Kenntnisse gewesen und damit - als Sprache der astronomisch berechenbaren und strukturierbaren Zeit - der Ursprung des wissenschaftlichen Denkens. Das Buch läßt die Unhaltbarkeit der gängigen Vorstellung deutlich werden, die Weltbilder unserer Vorfahren ließen sich allein aus den vermeintlichen Inhalten der Mythen ermitteln, als handle es sich dabei um wörtlich zu nehmende Beschreibungen.

Die Entstehung der Kontinente und Ozeane

Author: Alfred Wegener

Publisher: mach-mir-ein-ebook.de

ISBN: 3944309006

Category: Science

Page: 289

View: 8897

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Dies ist das grundlegende Werk über die Entdeckung der Kontinentaldrift und die Entstehung der Kontinente. Wegeners Theorie von der Verschiebung der Kontinente blieb zu seinen Lebzeiten immer umstritten und geriet nach seinem Tod rasch in Vergessenheit. Erst seit den 1970er Jahren ist seine Theorie allgemein anerkannt. Seit dem Jahr 1911 fand er mehrfache Belege dafür, z.B. die Ähnlichkeit der Konturen von Südamerika und Afrika, dass die bisherige Auffassung von feststehenden Kontinenten nicht richtig sein konnte. Wegener geht in seiner Theorie von einem Urkontinent aus. Aus diesem Urkontinent names "Gondwana" haben sich demnach im Laufe der Erdgeschichte durch Auseinanderbrechen des Urkontinents und anschließenden Auseinanderdriftens der Bruchteile die verschiedenen Kontinente und Ozeane gebildet. Ungeklärt ist bei Wegener allerdings die Ursache der Kräfte, die für das Auseinanderdriften sorgen. Auch deshalb fand seine Theorie zu seinen Lebzeiten nur wenig Anerkennung und führte zum späten Durchbruch der Theorie.

Мирология. Том I. Введение в мирологию

Author: Алекс Бэттлер

Publisher: Litres

ISBN: 5457673618

Category: Philosophy

Page: N.A

View: 2728

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Автор предлагаемого труда – канадский ученый Алекс Бэттлер (Олег Арин), перу которого принадлежит более 400 работ в различных областях науки, включая 22 индивидуальные монографии. Результатом его научной работы стало открытие ряда законов и закономерностей в области философии, социологии, теории международных отношений.Предлагаемый многотомный труд не имеет аналогов в мировой научной литературе, поскольку в нем впервые поставлена задача создания целостной науки – мирологии (науки о мире).Первый том посвящен основам новой науки, ее философской и науковедческой базе, т. е. фундаменту, на котором строится все здание мирологии. В последующих томах раскрываются ключевые понятия и категории, на которых базируется современная научная дисциплина – теория международных отношений. Новое авторское видение и открытие законов и закономерностей в теории международных отношений превращает данную дисциплину в науку о мире. Автор вводит новые понятия и категории мирологии, а также вскрывает законы и закономерности, на основе которых функционирует вся система мировых отношений.Автор полемизирует практически со всеми ведущими учеными мира в области международных отношений, и его аргументированный философский стиль нападения впечатляет тщательностью и глубиной.Книга рассчитана на исследователей, ученых, знатоков философии и всех тех, кто стремится познавать мир.

Der Mensch Und Die Technik

Author: Oswald Spengler

Publisher: E-Artnow

ISBN: 9788027314072

Category:

Page: 44

View: 3931

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Der Mensch und die Technik ist keine bloße Reflexion über die Stellung technischer Verfahren in der modernen Welt oder deren kulturbedingte Kritik. Spengler versucht vielmehr zu zeigen, dass die Technik der Gegenwart aus einem tief im abendländischen Denken verwurzelten, faustischen Lebensimpuls mit Notwendigkeit hervorgeht und zusammen mit ebendiesem Impuls untergehen wird. Spengler bezeichnet es als verfehlt, eine 'wahre Kultur' aus Bildung, Tradition und humanistischen Werten streng von der Sphäre der Wirklichkeit, Staat, Wirtschaft und Politik abzuscheiden. Im Zeichen der Fortschrittsideologie gilt, so Spengler, Technik als Mittel zum Zweck des menschlichen Glücks. Für solche Zustände ist der Mensch jedoch nicht geschaffen; sie würden "bei auch nur teilweiser Verwirklichung zu massenhaftem Mord und Selbstmord führen." Das Wesen der Technik erschließt sich jedoch nicht in der Verengung auf die neuzeitliche Maschinenwelt. Technik ist vielmehr eine Lebenstaktik, die weit in die Menschengeschichte zurückreicht und sogar bei den Tieren anzutreffen ist. Die freie Beweglichkeit in der Natur forderte zur Entwicklung spezieller 'Instrumente' der Bewältigung des Lebens heraus. Oswald Spengler (1880-1936) war ein deutscher Geschichtsphilosoph, Kulturhistoriker und antidemokratischer politischer Schriftsteller.

Die soziale Eroberung der Erde

Eine biologische Geschichte des Menschen

Author: Edward O. Wilson

Publisher: C.H.Beck

ISBN: 3406645313

Category: Social Science

Page: 384

View: 689

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Woher kommen wir? Was sind wir? Wohin gehen wir? Der große Biologe E. O. Wilson entschlüsselt die Evolution des Menschen Die soziale Eroberung der Erde ist die Summe lebenslanger innovativer Forschung, die Krönung des Lebenswerkes von Edward O. Wilson. Seine weitreichende These: Die soziale Gruppe und nicht das egoistische Gen war der entscheidende Faktor der Menschwerdung. "Keinem außer Edward O. Wilson konnte eine derart brillante Synthese aus Biologie und Geisteswissenschaften gelingen, die Licht wirft auf den Ursprung von Sprache, Religion, Kunst und der gesamten menschlichen Kultur." Oliver Sacks "Eine große, doch einfache Fragestellung, überzeugende Erklärungen, eine meisterhafte Beherrschung der Wissenschaft und eine anschauliche, verständliche Darstellung einmal mehr hat E.O. Wilson ein Buch geschrieben mit den Qualitäten, die ihm Pulitzerpreise und ein Millionenpublikum eingebracht haben." Jared Diamond "Ein fabelhaftes Buch." Bill Clinton