The Lie Detectors

The History of an American Obsession

Author: Ken Alder

Publisher: Simon and Schuster

ISBN: 9780743293860

Category: History

Page: 288

View: 6405

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The story of the lie detector takes us straight into the dark recesses of the American soul. It also leads us on a noir journey through some of the most storied episodes in American history. That is because the device we take for granted as an indicator of guilt or innocence actually tells us more about our beliefs than about our deeds. The machine does not measure deception so much as feelings of guilt or shame. As Ken Alder reveals in his fascinating and disturbing account, the history of the lie detector exposes fundamental truths about our culture: why we long to know the secret thoughts of our fellow citizens; why we believe in popular science; and why America embraced the culture of "truthiness." For centuries, people searched in vain for a way to unmask liars, seeking clues in blushing cheeks, shifty eyes, and curling toes...all the body's outward signs. But not until the 1920s did a cop with a Ph.D. team up with an entrepreneurial high school student from Berkeley, California and claim to have invented a foolproof machine that peered directly into the human heart. In a few short years their polygraph had transformed police work, seized headlines, solved sensational murders, and enthralled the nation. In Chicago, the capital of American vice, the two men wielded their device to clean up corruption, reform the police, and probe the minds of infamous killers. Before long the lie detector had become the nation's "mechanical conscience," searching for honesty on Main Street, in Hollywood, and even within Washington, D.C. Husbands and wives tested each other's fidelity. Corporations tested their employees' honesty. Movie studios and advertisers tested their audiences' responses. Eventually, thousands of government employees were tested for their loyalty and "morals" -- for lack of which many lost their jobs. Yet the machine was flawed. It often was used to accuse the wrong person. It could easily be beaten by those who knew how. Repeatedly it has been applied as an instrument of psychological torture, with the goal of extracting confessions. And its creators paid a commensurate price. One went mad trying to destroy the Frankenstein's monster he had created. The other became consumed by mistrust: jealous of his cheating wife, contemptuous of his former mentor, and driven to an early death. The only happy man among the machine's champions was the eccentric psychologist who went on to achieve glory as the creator of Wonder Woman. Yet this deceptive device took America -- and only America -- by storm. Today, the CIA still administers polygraphs to its employees. Accused celebrities loudly trumpet its clean bill of truth. And the U.S. government, as part of its new "war on terror," is currently exploring forms of lie detection that reach directly into the brain. Apparently, America still dreams of a technology that will render human beings transparent. The Lie Detectors is the entertaining and thought-provoking story of that American obsession.

The Body Language of Liars

From Little White Lies to Pathological Deception—How to See through the Fibs, Frauds, and Falsehoods People Tell You Every Day

Author: Lillian Glass

Publisher: Red Wheel/Weiser

ISBN: 1601635125

Category: Social Science

Page: 224

View: 7365

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Being fooled or conned can happen to anyone; It doesn’t matter how intelligent, old, rich, or famous you are. Whether you have been scammed in business, swindled out of money, betrayed by a friend, relative, or coworker, or cheated on by a spouse, rest assured you are not alone. The world is full of these most toxic people—liars. You can never be sure if people are lying until you analyze their body language, facial expressions, speech patterns, even their online writing patterns. Now, world-renowned body language expert Dr. Lillian Glass shares with you the same quick and easy approach she uses to unmask signals of deception—from “innocent” little white lies to life-changing whoppers. Featuring photographs of celebrities and newsmakers such as Bill Clinton, Lance Armstrong, O.J. Simpson, Kim Kardashian, Lindsay Lohan, and many others at the actual moment they were lying, their specific signals of deception will be permanently etched in your mind. Analyzing the body language of troubled or divorced couples such as Arnold Schwarzenegger and Maria Shriver, Katie Holmes and Tom Cruise, and Ashton Kutcher and Demi Moore, you’ll learn the “obvious” signs to look for.

Lying

Deal with it Straight Up

Author: Catherine Rondina

Publisher: James Lorimer & Company

ISBN: 9781550289060

Category: Juvenile Nonfiction

Page: 32

View: 1443

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Discusses lying, what it is (including sample scenarios), myths about it, the difference between lying and withholding, how to stop lying, how to deal with being lied to, and how to tell when someone is lying.

Everybody Lies

Big Data, New Data, and What the Internet Can Tell Us About Who We Really Are

Author: Seth Stephens-Davidowitz

Publisher: HarperCollins

ISBN: 0062390872

Category: Social Science

Page: 352

View: 3058

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Foreword by Steven Pinker Blending the informed analysis of The Signal and the Noise with the instructive iconoclasm of Think Like a Freak, a fascinating, illuminating, and witty look at what the vast amounts of information now instantly available to us reveals about ourselves and our world—provided we ask the right questions. By the end of an average day in the early twenty-first century, human beings searching the internet will amass eight trillion gigabytes of data. This staggering amount of information—unprecedented in history—can tell us a great deal about who we are—the fears, desires, and behaviors that drive us, and the conscious and unconscious decisions we make. From the profound to the mundane, we can gain astonishing knowledge about the human psyche that less than twenty years ago, seemed unfathomable. Everybody Lies offers fascinating, surprising, and sometimes laugh-out-loud insights into everything from economics to ethics to sports to race to sex, gender and more, all drawn from the world of big data. What percentage of white voters didn’t vote for Barack Obama because he’s black? Does where you go to school effect how successful you are in life? Do parents secretly favor boy children over girls? Do violent films affect the crime rate? Can you beat the stock market? How regularly do we lie about our sex lives and who’s more self-conscious about sex, men or women? Investigating these questions and a host of others, Seth Stephens-Davidowitz offers revelations that can help us understand ourselves and our lives better. Drawing on studies and experiments on how we really live and think, he demonstrates in fascinating and often funny ways the extent to which all the world is indeed a lab. With conclusions ranging from strange-but-true to thought-provoking to disturbing, he explores the power of this digital truth serum and its deeper potential—revealing biases deeply embedded within us, information we can use to change our culture, and the questions we’re afraid to ask that might be essential to our health—both emotional and physical. All of us are touched by big data everyday, and its influence is multiplying. Everybody Lies challenges us to think differently about how we see it and the world.

50 Great Myths of Popular Psychology

Shattering Widespread Misconceptions about Human Behavior

Author: Scott O. Lilienfeld,Steven Jay Lynn,John Ruscio,Barry L. Beyerstein

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1444360744

Category: Psychology

Page: 352

View: 1523

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50 Great Myths of Popular Psychology uses popular myths as a vehicle for helping students and laypersons to distinguish science from pseudoscience. Uses common myths as a vehicle for exploring how to distinguish factual from fictional claims in popular psychology Explores topics that readers will relate to, but often misunderstand, such as 'opposites attract', 'people use only 10% of their brains', and 'handwriting reveals your personality' Provides a 'mythbusting kit' for evaluating folk psychology claims in everyday life Teaches essential critical thinking skills through detailed discussions of each myth Includes over 200 additional psychological myths for readers to explore Contains an Appendix of useful Web Sites for examining psychological myths Features a postscript of remarkable psychological findings that sound like myths but that are true Engaging and accessible writing style that appeals to students and lay readers alike

Body Language in Business

Decoding the Signals

Author: Adrian Furnham,Evgeniya Petrova

Publisher: Palgrave Macmillan

ISBN: 0230241468

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 217

View: 7057

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Clarifies the misconceptions around the topic of body language while providing a new approach to understanding non-verbal communication in the workplace

Albino Animals

Author: Kelly Milner Halls

Publisher: Millbrook Press

ISBN: 1581960190

Category: Juvenile Nonfiction

Page: 72

View: 9981

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Presents information on and photographs of albinism in organisms ranging from plants to humans, and includes references to named individuals such as Ghost Boy, the albino koala.

Why We Lie

The Evolutionary Roots of Deception and the Unconscious Mind

Author: David Livingstone Smith

Publisher: Macmillan

ISBN: 9780312310400

Category: Psychology

Page: 256

View: 1082

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A biological and psychological analysis of the human practice of lying reveals the role played by deception and self-deception in evolution, demonstrating how the structure of the brain is shaped by a need to deceive. Reprint. 12,500 first printing.

How Do You Compare?

12 Simple Tests to Discover Hidden Truths about Your Personality and Fascinating Facts about Everyone Else!

Author: Andrew N. Williams

Publisher: Perigee

ISBN: 9780399529511

Category: Psychology

Page: 276

View: 5527

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A collection of twelve scientifically designed personality tests help readers evaluate every facet of their personality--including Intelligence, Creativity, Sex, Love, Relationships, Happiness, Mood, and Motivation--reveals how their results compare with others, and offers practical advice on how to improve. Original. 25,000 first printing.

The Honest Truth About Dishonesty

How We Lie to Everyone--Especially Ourselves

Author: Dr. Dan Ariely

Publisher: Harper Collins

ISBN: 0062298550

Category: Psychology

Page: 336

View: 6389

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The New York Times bestselling author of Predictably Irrational and The Upside of Irrationality returns with thought-provoking work to challenge our preconceptions about dishonesty and urge us to take an honest look at ourselves. Does the chance of getting caught affect how likely we are to cheat? How do companies pave the way for dishonesty? Does collaboration make us more honest or less so? Does religion improve our honesty? Most of us think of ourselves as honest, but, in fact, we all cheat. From Washington to Wall Street, the classroom to the workplace, unethical behavior is everywhere. None of us is immune, whether it's the white lie to head off trouble or padding our expense reports. In The (Honest) Truth About Dishonesty, award-winning, bestselling author Dan Ariely turns his unique insight and innovative research to the question of dishonesty. Generally, we assume that cheating, like most other decisions, is based on a rational cost-benefit analysis. But Ariely argues, and then demonstrates, that it's actually the irrational forces that we don't take into account that often determine whether we behave ethically or not. For every Enron or political bribe, there are countless puffed résumés, hidden commissions, and knockoff purses. In The (Honest) Truth About Dishonesty, Ariely shows why some things are easier to lie about; how getting caught matters less than we think; and how business practices pave the way for unethical behavior, both intentionally and unintentionally. Ariely explores how unethical behavior works in the personal, professional, and political worlds, and how it affects all of us, even as we think of ourselves as having high moral standards. But all is not lost. Ariely also identifies what keeps us honest, pointing the way for achieving higher ethics in our everyday lives. With compelling personal and academic findings, The (Honest) Truth About Dishonesty will change the way we see ourselves, our actions, and others.

Spy the Lie

Former CIA Officers Teach You how to Detect Deception

Author: Philip Houston,Mike Floyd,Susan Carnicero

Publisher: Icon Books

ISBN: 9781848315921

Category: Lie detectors and detection

Page: 258

View: 6046

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Identify the signsAsk the right questionsGet to the truthUsing the methods revealed in this book – developed by former CIA officers for use in intelligence and counterintelligence operations – you will soon be able to identify deceit in all its forms.With real stories from the field involving ‘turned’ assets, KGB moles and criminal government officials, alongside analyses of famous deceivers from Bill Clinton to Enron boss Jeffrey Skilling, Spy the Lie shows you how to combat deception in your own life – whether hiring a new employee, investing money or knowing whether your boss is being straight with you.

The Truth about Lies in the Workplace

How to Spot Liars and What to Do About Them

Author: Carol Kinsey Goman

Publisher: Berrett-Koehler Publishers

ISBN: 1609948394

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 168

View: 1798

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You Work with a Bunch of Liars—Learn What to Do About It Sure, everyone tells little white lies now and then, but real deception in the workplace is a poison that can destroy relationships, careers, and companies. Carol Kinsey Goman, a leading workplace body language expert, combines her own experiences with the latest research to identify fifty subtle physical and vocal cues that will enable you to spot destructive workplace lies. She analyzes the role we play in supporting lies—how our own vanities, desires, self-deceptions, and rationalizations allow us to be duped. And once you detect a lie, she provides tactical advice on how to respond, whether the liar is above, below, or on the same level as you—even if it’s your boss. “Lying in the workplace causes huge problems for business—the proper people do not get promoted, profits are generally compromised, wrong steps are made, and much more. This book should be a best seller.” —Robert L. Dilenschneider, President and CEO, The Dilenschneider Group, and author of Power and Influence and A Briefing for Leaders “After 30 years in the training and development industry, I have come to trust Goman’s expertise in body language and nonverbal cues in the workplace. I would recommend this book to any leader working to improve culture and effective communication within his or her organization.” —Margie Mauldin, President, Executive Forum “Goman’s book sheds light on a phenomenon in business that too many of us prefer to [pretend] doesn't exist: deception. A must-read for emerging and established leaders alike.” —JD Schramm, EdD, Director, Mastery in Communication Initiative, Stanford University Graduate School of Business

Asia, Inc

The Region's Business Magazine

Author: N.A

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Asia

Page: N.A

View: 5902

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Liespotting

Proven Techniques to Detect Deception

Author: Pamela Meyer

Publisher: St. Martin's Griffin

ISBN: 9780312611736

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 256

View: 4275

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GET TO THE TRUTH People--friends, family members, work colleagues, salespeople--lie to us all the time. Daily, hourly, constantly. None of us is immune, and all of us are victims. According to studies by several different researchers, most of us encounter nearly 200 lies a day. Now there’s something we can do about it. Liespotting links three disciplines--facial recognition training, interrogation training, and a comprehensive survey of research in the field--into a specialized body of information developed specifically to help business leaders detect deception and get the information they need to successfully conduct their most important interactions and transactions. Some of the nation's leading business executives have learned to use these methods to root out lies in high stakes situations. Liespotting for the first time brings years of knowledge--previously found only in the intelligence community, police training academies, and universities--into the corporate boardroom, the manager's meeting, the job interview, the legal proceeding, and the deal negotiation. WHAT'S IN THE BOOK? Learn communication secrets previously known only to a handful of scientists, interrogators and intelligence specialists. Liespotting reveals what’s hiding in plain sight in every business meeting, job interview and negotiation: • The single most dangerous facial expression to watch out for in business & personal relationships • 10 questions that get people to tell you anything • A simple 5-step method for spotting and stopping the lies told in nearly every high-stakes business negotiation and interview • Dozens of postures and facial expressions that should instantly put you on Red Alert for deception • The telltale phrases and verbal responses that separate truthful stories from deceitful ones • How to create a circle of advisers who will guarantee your success