Human Factors for Highway Engineers

Author: Ray Fuller,Jorge A. Santos

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 9780080434124

Category: Psychology

Page: 325

View: 4713

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Humans are highly mobile but at a price: over a million people are killed annually on the road, at least 30 times as many are injured, of whom 1 in 10 may be permanently disabled. How can we design a road or highway or transport system so as to provide both a high level of mobility and a high level of safety?For too long, from the perspective of the road user, highway engineers have had to employ their intuitions, personal experiences, shared 'know-how' and a 'wait-and-see' approach in many elements of highway design. Now the science of human behavior can provide both fundamental knowledge and principles to enable matching roadway and transport system design to human strengths, limitations and variability in performance; an understanding of human contributory factors in accidents; and the undertaking of informed safety audits and reviews.-- The first book ever to provide psychological knowledge and insight into human behavior on the road and how this can be integrated into highway engineering-- Discusses the use of human factors to improve road safety-- Demonstrates how highway design can increase safety and reduce risk

Human Factors Guidelines for Road Systems

Author: John L. Campbell

Publisher: Transportation Research Board

ISBN: 0309258162

Category: Human engineering

Page: N.A

View: 6383

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"This report completes and updates the first edition of NCHRP Report 600: Human Factors Guidelines for Road Systems (HFG), which was published previously in three collections. The HFG contains guidelines that provide human factors principles and findings for consideration by, and is a resource document for, highway designers, traffic engineers, and other safety practitioners."--Foreword.

The Human Factors of Transport Signs

Author: Candida Castro,Tim Horberry

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 9780203457412

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 280

View: 2305

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The ubiquitous nature of transport signs on roadways, railways, and in airports can lead to an overload of visual information, yet little research has been done to understand the design and use of such signs from a driver’s perspective. The Human Factors of Transport Signs explores key transport sign research and examines new technologies that are revolutionizing signaling. While concentrating largely on the road environment and general signing issues, the authors also address specific railway and other transport modality topics. International contributors discuss driver psychology and interaction with transport signs as well as the strengths and weaknesses of different types of signs. This text is designed to be an easily-accessible information source for professionals in transportation design, highway engineering, applied psychology, and human factors, as well as for students preparing to enter these fields. Features: Summarizes the main findings about transport signs into an easily-accessible resource Covers transport signs in the road, rail, and aviation fields Reviews new technology in the field, including Variable Message Signs and Intelligent Transport Systems Discusses the main evidence detailing the interaction of transport signs and driver behavior

The Handbook of Highway Engineering

Author: T.F. Fwa

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 1420039504

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 888

View: 5181

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Modern highway engineering reflects an integrated view of a road system's entire lifecycle, including any potential environmental impacts, and seeks to develop a sustainable infrastructure through careful planning and active management. This trend is not limited to developed nations, but is recognized across the globe. Edited by renowned authority T.F. Fwa, The Handbook of Highway Engineering provides a comprehensive, up-to-date treatment of all aspects of highway development and engineering. Its three sections range from consideration of socio-economic and environmental factors to design, construction, maintenance, and management. Beginning with financing, access management, environmental impacts, road safety, and noise, the book explores the expanded responsibilities of the modern highway engineer as well as the increasing trend toward privatization of project development and financing. The next section considers technical issues in highway and pavement engineering, including materials, new mechanistic-empirical design approaches, and new closed-form solutions for backcalculation as well as deflection and stress computation in multi-slab systems. Rounding out the discussion, the final section examines construction, management, performance evaluation including nondestructive testing, and a chapter devoted to highway asset management. Featuring contributions from eminent experts representing eight countries on four continents, The Handbook of Highway Engineering supplies all of the tools needed to manage the entire integrated process of modern highway development and engineering.

Human Factors Guidelines for Road Systems

Chapters 16, 17, 18, 19, 20, 22 (tutorials 4, 5, 6), 23 (updated), 24, 25, 26 (updated). Collection C

Author: John L. Campbell

Publisher: Transportation Research Board

ISBN: 0309154693

Category: Roads

Page: N.A

View: 1482

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NCHRP report 600 explores human factors principles and findings for consideration by highway designers and traffic engineers. The report is designed to help the nonexpert in human factors to consider more effectively the roadway user's capabilities and limitations in the design and operation of highway facilities.

Advances in Human Aspects of Transportation: Part III

Author: Neville Stanton,Steven Landry,Giuseppe Di Bucchianico,Andrea Vallicelli

Publisher: AHFE Conference

ISBN: 1495120996

Category:

Page: 442

View: 7373

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Human Factors and Ergonomics have made a considerable contribution to the research, design, development, operation and analysis of transportation systems which includes road and rail vehicles and their complementary infrastructure, aviation and maritime transportation. This book presents recent advances in the Human Factors aspects of Transportation. These advances include accident analysis, automation of vehicles, comfort, distraction of drivers (understanding of distraction and how to avoid it), environmental concerns, in-vehicle systems design, intelligent transport systems, methodological developments, new systems and technology, observational and case studies, safety, situation awareness, skill development and training, warnings and workload. This book brings together the most recent human factors work in the transportation domain, including empirical research, human performance and other types of modeling, analysis, and development. The issues facing engineers, scientists, and other practitioners of human factors in transportation research are becoming more challenging and more critical. The common theme across these sections is that they deal with the intersection of the human and the system. Moreover, many of the chapter topics cross section boundaries, for instance by focusing on function allocation in NextGen or on the safety benefits of a tower controller tool. This is in keeping with the systemic nature of the problems facing human factors experts in rail and road, aviation and maritime research– it is becoming increasingly important to view problems not as isolated issues that can be extracted from the system environment, but as embedded issues that can only be understood as a part of an overall system.

Human Factors Guidance for Intelligent Transportation Systems at the Highway-rail Intersection

Author: N.A

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Highway-railroad grade crossings

Page: 192

View: 420

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This document provides guidance recommendations and supporting material to assist designers and implementers of intelligent transportation system (ITS) applications related to highway-rail intersections (HRI). The guidance focuses specifically on roadway user human factors requirements associated with ITS as applied to HRIs. The guidance is intended to be of immediate help to practitioners but also to serve as a resource and impetus toward the development of consensus standards and other more formal guidance or specification. The document has four parts. Part I describes the purpose and scope and provides a human factors conceptualization of the roadway user. Part II provides an overview of ITS applications that have been implemented at HRIs. Part III presents general human factors guidance that cuts across various specific HRI applications, for topics such as message factors, roadside displays, in-vehicle displays, and displays for pedestrians. Part IV presents guidance for specific HRI applications, including train arrival warnings, advance information about the HRI, enforcement and control of vehicles, and light rail transit. Each guidance chapter provides background on the topic, an explicit statement of the major human factors issues, and a set of guidance recommendations (with accompanying rationale for each). This report includes over 130 guidance recommendations.

Using Human Factors Engineering to Improve Patient Safety

Author: N.A

Publisher: Joint Commission on

ISBN: N.A

Category: Medical

Page: 144

View: 418

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Human factors engineering (HFE) is concerned with understanding human characteristics and how humans interact with the world around them, and applying that knowledge to the design of systems that are safe, efficient and comfortable. This book describes how to use HFE tools and principles to curb preventable errors and minimize patient harm.

Ageing, cognition, and neuroscience. Envejecimiento, cognición y neurociencia

Author: Soledad BALLESTEROS JIMÉNEZ

Publisher: Editorial UNED

ISBN: 8436267613

Category: Psychology

Page: 348

View: 3206

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La ciencia conductual, la ciencia cognitiva y la neurociencia están realizando grandes progresos en la comprensión de los cambios cognitivos que se producen durante el proceso de envejecimiento. Especialistas de distintos campos, tales como la psicología conductual y cognitiva y las neurociencias, que están investigando en un número de áreas diferentes, fueron invitados a participar en este volumen. Estas áreas incluyen el estudio de los mecanismos básicos que explican el declive cognitivo asociado a la edad, los procesos mentales (percepción, atención, memoria, razonamiento y lenguaje), los cambios neurológicos que ocurren a nivel molecular y celular que influyen en el funcionamiento mental durante el ciclo vital, los cambios cerebrales y conductuales asociados a la edad que se producen en las enfermedades neurodegenerativas, tales como la enfermedad de Alzheimer, métodos experimentales y clínicos e intervenciones sociales.

Human Factors in Traffic Safety

Author: Robert E. Dewar,Paul L. Olson

Publisher: Lawyers & Judges Publishing

ISBN: 9781933264240

Category: Law

Page: 533

View: 3766

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Introducing readers to the behavior of drivers, this title covers a wide variety of perspectives on human factors, ranging from the design of roads, vehicles, and traffic control devices to emotional and motivational determinants of driver behavior. This new edition has been extensively revised and contains new chapters on driver education and driver distraction.

Traffic & Highway Engineering - SI Version

Author: Nicholas Garber,Lester Hoel

Publisher: Cengage Learning

ISBN: 0495438537

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 1230

View: 3785

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The new edition of Garber and Hoel’s best-selling text focuses on giving students insight into all facets of traffic and highway engineering. Students generally come to this course with little knowledge or understanding of the importance of transportation, much less of the extensive career opportunities within the field. Transportation is an extremely broad field, and courses must either cover all transportation modes or focus on specifics. While many topics can be covered with a survey approach, this often lacks sufficient depth and students leave the course without a full understanding of any of the fields. Garber and Hoel’s text focuses exclusively on traffic and highway engineering. They begin with a discussion of the pivotal role transportation plays in our society, including employment opportunities, historical impact, and the impact of transportation on our daily lives. This approach gives students a sense of what the field is about and an opportunity to consider some of its challenges. Later chapters focus on specific issues facing transportation engineers. The text uses pedagogical tools such as worked problems, diagrams and tables, reference material, and realistic examples to demonstrate how the material is applied. Important Notice: Media content referenced within the product description or the product text may not be available in the ebook version.

Model Curriculum for Highway Safety Core Competencies

Author: N.A

Publisher: Transportation Research Board

ISBN: 030915510X

Category: Core competencies

Page: 11

View: 5917

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TRB's National Cooperative Highway Research Program (NCHRP) Report 667: Model Curriculum for Highway Safety Core Competencies presents course materials, including the instructor's guide and student workbook, for a fundamental highway safety training course. The course is designed to address the core competencies highway safety practitioners should have or acquire. An accompanying CD-ROM includes a brochure and short Microsoft PowerPoint presentation for marketing the training course. The CD-ROM is also available for download from TRB's website as an ISO image.

Introduction to Psychology: Gateways to Mind and Behavior

Author: Dennis Coon,John Mitterer

Publisher: Cengage Learning

ISBN: 0495091553

Category: Psychology

Page: 816

View: 5076

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The text of choice at schools across the country, by an author who garners more accolades from instructors and students with each succeeding edition, INTRODUCTION TO PSYCHOLOGY: GATEWAYS TO MIND AND BEHAVIOR attracts-and holds-the attention of even difficult-to-reach students. Dennis Coon and new contributor John Mitterer have updated the proven-effective SQ4R learning system (Survey, Question, Read, Reflect, Review, Recite) by harnessing critical thinking to better help students understand psychology's broad concepts and great diversity of topics. Throughout every chapter, these active learning tools-together with the book's example-laced writing style, cutting-edge coverage of the field's new research findings, and superb new media resources-ensure that students will find the study of psychology fascinating, relevant, and above all, accessible. Important Notice: Media content referenced within the product description or the product text may not be available in the ebook version.

Human Factors of Visual and Cognitive Performance in Driving

Author: Candida Castro

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 9781420055337

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 266

View: 5467

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Human error is involved in more than 90 percent of traffic accidents, and of those accidents, most are associated with visual distractions, or looking-but-failing-to-see errors. Human Factors of Visual and Cognitive Performance in Driving gathers knowledge from a human factors psychology standpoint and provides deeper insight into traffic -user behavior and the ways drivers acquire information from the road. Emphasizes Drivers as Visual Information Processors Because driving is an eyes-wide-open task, drivers are exposed to a multitude of visual stimuli along their journey. This information must be correctly processed in order to make the right decisions and perform precise safety maneuvers. With contributions from more than 20 leading experts, this detailed resource discusses road and markings design, new technologies, signage, distraction, safety, situation awareness, workload, driving experience, fatigue, and driving interventions with the goal of improving driving behavior and preventing accidents. Addresses These Key Areas: Visual attention and in-vehicle technologies Interventions to reduce road trauma Avoiding collisions and the failures involved in that endeavor Using jargon-free language that is easily understood, this book compresses research from the past few decades into one accessible resource. It clearly and cohesively provides ergonomics and human factor engineers, industrial designers, and highway and roadway engineers with an overarching understanding of the incessant visual demands drivers face.

Handbook of Driving Simulation for Engineering, Medicine, and Psychology

Author: Donald L. Fisher,Matthew Rizzo,Jeffrey Caird,John D. Lee

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 9781420061017

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 752

View: 5210

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Effective use of driving simulators requires considerable technical and methodological skill along with considerable background knowledge. Acquiring the requisite knowledge and skills can be extraordinarily time consuming, yet there has been no single convenient and comprehensive source of information on the driving simulation research being conducted around the world. A how-to-do-it resource for researchers and professionals, Handbook of Driving Simulation for Engineering, Medicine, and Psychology brings together discussions of technical issues in driving simulation with broad areas in which driving simulation is now playing a role. The chapters explore technical considerations, methodological issues, special and impaired populations, evaluation of in-vehicle and nomadic devices, and infrastructure evaluations. It examines hardware and software selection, visual database and scenario development, independent subject variables and dependent vehicle, environmental, and psychological variables, statistical and biostatistical analysis, different types of drivers, existing and future key-in vehicle devises, and validation of research. A compilation of the research from more than 100 of the world's top thinkers and practitioners, the book covers basic and advanced technical topics and provides a comprehensive review of the issues related to driving simulation. It describes literally hundreds of different simulation scenarios, provides color photographs of those scenarios, and makes available select videos of the scenarios on an accompanying web site, all of which should prove essential for seasoned researchers and for individuals new to driving simulation.