Human Mobility and Technological Transfer in the Prehistoric Mediterranean

Author: Evangelia Kiriatzi,Carl Knappett

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1316798925

Category: Social Science

Page: N.A

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The diverse forms of regional connectivity in the ancient world have recently become an important focus for those interested in the deep history of globalisation. This volume represents a significant contribution to this new trend as it engages thematically with a wide range of connectivities in the later prehistory of the Mediterranean, from the later Neolithic of northern Greece to the Levantine Iron Age, and with diverse forms of materiality, from pottery and metal to stone and glass. With theoretical overviews from leading thinkers in prehistoric mobilities, and commentaries from top specialists in neighbouring domains, the volume integrates detailed case studies within a comparative framework. The result is a thorough treatment of many of the key issues of regional interaction and technological diversity facing archaeologists working across diverse places and periods. As this book presents key case studies for human and technological mobility across the eastern Mediterranean in later prehistory, it will be of interest primarily to Mediterranean archaeologists, though also to historians and anthropologists.

The Routledge Handbook of Archaeology and Globalization

Author: Tamar Hodos

Publisher: Taylor & Francis

ISBN: 1315448998

Category: Social Science

Page: 994

View: 8047

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This unique collection applies globalization concepts to the discipline of archaeology, using a wide range of global case studies from a group of international specialists. The volume spans from as early as 10,000 cal. BP to the modern era, analysing the relationship between material culture, complex connectivities between communities and groups, and cultural change. Each contributor considers globalization ideas explicitly to explore the socio-cultural connectivities of the past. In considering social practices shared between different historic groups, and also the expression of their respective identities, the papers in this volume illustrate the potential of globalization thinking to bridge the local and global in material culture analysis. The Routledge Handbook of Archaeology and Globalization is the first such volume to take a world archaeology approach, on a multi-period basis, in order to bring together the scope of evidence for the significance of material culture in the processes of globalization. This work thus also provides a means to understand how material culture can be used to assess the impact of global engagement in our contemporary world. As such, it will appeal to archaeologists and historians as well as social science researchers interested in the origins of globalization.

Cultural Phylogenetics

Concepts and Applications in Archaeology

Author: Larissa Mendoza Straffon

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 3319259288

Category: Science

Page: 202

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This book explores the potential and challenges of implementing evolutionary phylogenetic methods in archaeological research, by discussing key concepts and presenting concrete applications of these approaches. The volume is divided into two parts: The first covers the theoretical and conceptual implications of using evolution-based models in the sociocultural domain, illustrates the sorts of questions that these methods can help answer, and invites the reader to reflect on the opportunities and limitations of these perspectives. The second part comprises case studies that address relevant empirical issues, such as inferring patterns and rates of cultural transmission, detecting selective pressures in cultural evolution, and explaining the nature of cultural variation. This book will appeal to archaeologists interested in applying evolutionary thinking and inferential methods to their field, and to anyone interested in cultural evolution studies.

Mycenaean Greece and the Aegean World

Palace and Province in the Late Bronze Age

Author: Margaretha Kramer-Hajos

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 131679072X

Category: Social Science

Page: 218

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In this book, Kramer-Hajos examines the Euboean Gulf region in Central Greece to explain its flourishing during the post-palatial period. Providing a social and political history of the region in the Late Bronze Age, she focuses on the interactions between this 'provincial' coastal area and the core areas where the Mycenaean palaces were located. Drawing on network and agency theory, two current and highly effective methodologies in prehistoric Mediterranean archaeology, Kramer-Hajos argues that the Euboean Gulf region thrived when it was part of a decentralized coastal and maritime network, and declined when it was incorporated in a highly centralized mainland-looking network. Her research and analysis contributes new insights to our understanding of the mechanics and complexity of the Bronze Age Aegean collapse.

The Cambridge Prehistory of the Bronze and Iron Age Mediterranean

Author: A. Bernard Knapp,Peter van Dommelen

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 131619406X

Category: Social Science

Page: N.A

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The Cambridge Prehistory of the Bronze and Iron Age Mediterranean offers new insights into the material and social practices of many different Mediterranean peoples during the Bronze and Iron Ages, presenting in particular those features that both connect and distinguish them. Contributors discuss in depth a range of topics that motivate and structure Mediterranean archaeology today, including insularity and connectivity; mobility, migration, and colonization; hybridization and cultural encounters; materiality, memory, and identity; community and household; life and death; and ritual and ideology. The volume's broad coverage of different approaches and contemporary archaeological practices will help practitioners of Mediterranean archaeology to move the subject forward in new and dynamic ways. Together, the essays in this volume shed new light on the people, ideas, and materials that make up the world of Mediterranean archaeology today, beyond the borders that separate Europe, Africa, and the Middle East.

The Greeks and the British in the Levant, 1800-1960s

Between Empires and Nations

Author: Anastasia Yiangou,George Kazamias,Robert Holland

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1317029739

Category: History

Page: 234

View: 2783

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This book explores the concept of ‘the Levant’ as a component of the regional and international system during the age of imperialism. At its heart is a focus on the experience of Greek-speaking societies and, above all, the independent state of Greece that came into existence in 1830. A key sub-theme running through the account is the Anglo-Hellenic connection stemming from an enhanced British presence in the Eastern Mediterranean from the 1830s and 1840s, and in particular its relationship to the Greek polity. Within this framework the emergence of the idea of ‘Greater Greece’ is integrated into the narrative, including its regional reverberations and ethnic tensions. Other contributions examine trade and finance, gender issues, colonialism and the distinctive experience of Cyprus. The core of the volume deals centrally with three interlocking themes: modernity, nationalism and trans-nationalism. Ultimately these forces were to prove at odds with the ambiguity and elite structures that characterized the Levant in its nineteenth-century heyday. The book analyses the evolution, and increasing definition from the late 1950s, of Greece’s modern European identity, while taking into account the magnetic force of other relationships and regional links. This treatment connects with the choices and dilemmas facing Greece and its surrounding region, which contemporary crises invariably throw into relief. It will be of interest both to specialised historians and students of current affairs seeking to understand the broader historical context.

The Early Hellenistic Peloponnese

Politics, Economies, and Networks 338–197 BC

Author: D. Graham J. Shipley

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1108657869

Category: History

Page: N.A

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Using all available evidence - literary, epigraphic, numismatic, and archaeological - this study offers a new analysis of the early Hellenistic Peloponnese. The conventional picture of the Macedonian kings as oppressors, and of the Peloponnese as ruined by warfare and tyranny, must be revised. The kings did not suppress freedom or exploit the peninsula economically, but generally presented themselves as patrons of Greek identity. Most of the regimes characterised as 'tyrannies' were probably, in reality, civic governorships, and the Macedonians did not seek to overturn tradition or build a new imperial order. Contrary to previous analyses, the evidence of field survey and architectural remains points to an active, even thriving civic culture and a healthy trading economy under elite patronage. Despite the rise of federalism, particularly in the form of the Achaean league, regional identity was never as strong as loyalty to one's city-state (polis).

Thinking Through Material Culture

An Interdisciplinary Perspective

Author: Carl Knappett

Publisher: University of Pennsylvania Press

ISBN: 081220249X

Category: Social Science

Page: 216

View: 4943

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Material culture surrounds us and yet is habitually overlooked. So integral is it to our everyday lives that we take it for granted. This attitude has also afflicted the academic analysis of material culture, although this is now beginning to change, with material culture recently emerging as a topic in its own right within the social sciences. Carl Knappett seeks to contribute to this emergent field by adopting a wide-ranging interdisciplinary approach that is rooted in archaeology and integrates anthropology, sociology, art history, semiotics, psychology, and cognitive science. His thesis is that humans both act and think through material culture; ways of knowing and ways of doing are ingrained within even the most mundane of objects. This requires that we adopt a relational perspective on material artifacts and human agents, as a means of characterizing their complex interdependencies. In order to illustrate the networks of meaning that result, Knappett discusses examples ranging from prehistoric Aegean ceramics to Zande hunting nets and contemporary art. Thinking Through Material Culture argues that, although material culture forms the bedrock of archaeology, the discipline has barely begun to address how fundamental artifacts are to human cognition and perception. This idea of codependency among mind, action, and matter opens the way for a novel and dynamic approach to all of material culture, both past and present.

Network Analysis in Archaeology

New Approaches to Regional Interaction

Author: Carl Knappett

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0199697094

Category: History

Page: 350

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Outgrowth of a session organized for the 75th Anniversary Meeting of the Society for American Archaeology held in St. Louis, Mo., in 2010. Cf. acknowledgments.

The First Farmers of Europe

An Evolutionary Perspective

Author: Stephen Shennan

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1108397301

Category: Social Science

Page: N.A

View: 1380

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Knowledge of the origin and spread of farming has been revolutionised in recent years by the application of new scientific techniques, especially the analysis of ancient DNA from human genomes. In this book, Stephen Shennan presents the latest research on the spread of farming by archaeologists, geneticists and other archaeological scientists. He shows that it resulted from a population expansion from present-day Turkey. Using ideas from the disciplines of human behavioural ecology and cultural evolution, he explains how this process took place. The expansion was not the result of 'population pressure' but of the opportunities for increased fertility by colonising new regions that farming offered. The knowledge and resources for the farming 'niche' were passed on from parents to their children. However, Shennan demonstrates that the demographic patterns associated with the spread of farming resulted in population booms and busts, not continuous expansion.

Eurasia at the Dawn of History

Urbanization and Social Change

Author: Manuel Fernández-Götz,Dirk Krausse

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1316943178

Category: Social Science

Page: N.A

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Our current world is characterized by life in cities, the existence of social inequalities, and increasing individualization. When and how did these phenomena arise? What was the social and economic background for the development of hierarchies and the first cities? The authors of this volume analyze the processes of centralization, cultural interaction, and social differentiation that led to the development of the first urban centres and early state formations of ancient Eurasia, from the Atlantic coasts to China. The chronological framework spans a period from the Neolithic to the Late Iron Age, with a special focus on the early first millennium BC. By adopting an interdisciplinary approach structured around the concepts of identity and materiality, this book addresses the appearance of a range of key phenomena that continue to shape our world.

Pottery Production and Supply at Bronze Age Kolonna, Aegina

An Integrated Archaeological and Scientific Study of a Ceramic Landscape

Author: Walter Gauss,Evangelia Kiriatzi

Publisher: Austrian Academy of Sciences

ISBN: 9783700168010

Category: Art

Page: 527

View: 549

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Aegina has long been recognised as a major production centre of a variety of widely exported ceramic containers not only in the relatively recent past but also in Classical antiquity and especially during the Middle and Late Bronze Age. Moreover, the prehistoric ceramic industry based on Aegina has become an increasingly important phenomenon in recent scholarship dealing with the rise of complex societies in the Aegean world during 2nd millennium BC. Such persistence on pottery production on Aegina through time renders obvious that a combination of factors, such as socio-economic, historical and geographical ones, as well as the locally available raw materials and the attraction of Aeginetan ceramics at other sites, must be taken into consideration in addressing the development of a specialized potting centre on the island. This study is the first to undertake a comprehensive look at the Aeginetan ceramic industry during much of the Bronze Age (ca. 2500-1200 BC), aiming at shedding light upon the factors influencing transformations in potting traditions, and the growth and decline of a specialised pottery production centre on Aegina. Advocating a landscape approach, it concentrates not only on pottery production but also on supply and consumption of ceramic vessels on the island. The systematic stylistic study of the formal attributes of local products and imports at the site of Kolonna is combined with the investigation of their manufacturing technology and the compositional characterisation of their fabrics through petrographic and chemical analysis. This integrated archaeological and scientific examination of the pottery, together with research on the island's resources, replication experiments and ethnoarchaeology, provides the ground for the reconstruction of the local potting traditions and the understanding variability observed within and across certain periods of the Bronze Age.

Corinth in Contrast

Studies in Inequality

Author: Steven J Friesen,Sarah James,Daniel Schowalter

Publisher: BRILL

ISBN: 9004261311

Category: Religion

Page: 292

View: 6623

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In Corinth in Contrast, archaeologists, historians, art historians, classicists, and New Testament scholars examine the stratified nature of social, economic, political, and religious interactions in the city of Corinth from the Hellenistic period to Late Antiquity.

Regional Approaches to Society and Complexity

Author: Alex R. Knodell,Thomas P. Leppard

Publisher: Equinox Publishing (Indonesia)

ISBN: 9781781797396

Category: Mediterranean Region

Page: 420

View: 8796

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This volume considers regional approaches to social complexity from a variety of perspectives and at a global scale. John F. Cherry has been a key figure in regional-scale inquiry and broader disciplinary interfaces throughout his career, producing, mentoring, and inspiring a remarkably diverse body of work, which nevertheless remains oriented around this central theme. While Cherry's work is the inspiration for this volume and the papers within it, this should not be seen as a traditional festschrift, or piecemeal homage to the honorand's career. Rather, it aims to explore this core concern of regional approaches to society and complexity in comparative perspective, first in the Aegean, then branching out to the wider Mediterranean, New World, and finally reflecting on relevant issues of concern to all archaeologists working at levels above the site.

The Earliest Prehistory of Cyprus

From Colonization to Exploitation

Author: Stuart Swiny

Publisher: Amer School of Oriental

ISBN: N.A

Category: History

Page: 171

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A collection of papers focusing on the remarkable recent developments concerning the earliest prehistory of Cyprus. They are presented by scholars immediately involved in research of this period, who discuss the evidence and its interpretation. The subjects covered include the recent findings from the period of earliest colonization of the island and the formation of Neolithic sedentary communities. There is also a review of evidence from the Levant. This collection of papers is essential reading for prehistorians and archaeologists working in the region. Contents: The First Humans and Last Pygmy Hippopotami of Cyprus (Alan H. Simmons); Some Comments on the Akrotiri Aetokremnos Fauna (David S. Reese); Parekklisha Shillourokambos: An Early Neolithic Site in Cyprus (Jean-Denis Vigne); Large Mammals of Early Aceramic Neolithic Cyprus: Preliminary Results from Parekklisha Shillourokambos (Jean Guilaine and Francois Briois); Well-Established Colonists: Mylouthkia 1 and the Cypro-Pre-Pottery Neolithic B (Edgar Peltenburg, Paul Croft, Adam Jackson, Carole McCartney, and Mary Anne Murray); Kalavasos Tenta Revisited (Ian A. Todd); At the Other End of the Sequence: The Cypriot Aceramic Neolithic as Seen from Khirokitia (Alain Le Brun); Aceramic Neolithic Plant Remains in Cyprus: Clues to their Origins? (Julie Hansen); The World Around Cyprus: From Epi-Paleolithic Foragers to the Collapse of the PPNB Civilization (Ofer Bar-Yosef).

Knowledge Networks and Craft Traditions in the Ancient World

Material Crossovers

Author: Katharina Rebay-Salisbury,Ann Brysbaert,Lin Foxhall

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1135014442

Category: Social Science

Page: 224

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This edited volume investigates knowledge networks based on materials and associated technologies in Prehistoric Europe and the Classical Mediterranean. It emphasises the significance of material objects to the construction, maintenance, and collapse of networks of various forms – which are central to explanations of cultural contact and change. Focusing on the materiality of objects and on the way in which materials are used adds a multidimensional quality to networks. The properties, functions, and styles of different materials are intrinsically linked to the way in which knowledge flows and technologies are transmitted. Transmission of technologies from one craft to another is one of the main drivers of innovation, whilst sharing knowledge is enabled and limited by the extent of associated social networks in place. Archaeological research has often been limited to studying objects made of one particular material in depth, be it lithic materials, ceramics, textiles, glass, metal, wood or others. The knowledge flow and transfer between crafts that deal with different materials have often been overlooked. This book takes a fresh approach to the reconstruction of knowledge networks by integrating two or more craft traditions in each of its chapters. The authors, well-known experts and early career researchers, provide concise case studies that cover a wide range of materials. The scope of the book extends from networks of craft traditions to implications for society in a wider sense: materials, objects, and the technologies used to make and distribute them are interwoven with social meaning. People make objects, but objects make people – the materiality of objects shapes our understanding of the world and our place within it. In this book, objects are treated as clues to social networks of different sorts that can be contrasted and compared, both spatially and diachronically.

Metallurgy: Understanding How, Learning Why: Studies in Honor of James D. Muhly

Author: Susan C. Ferrence,Philip P. Betancourt

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 1623030242

Category: Social Science

Page: 325

View: 3700

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Section 508 Compliant Prof. James D. Muhly has enjoyed a distinguished career in the study of ancient history, archaeology, and metallurgy that includes an emeritus professorship at the University of Pennsylvania and a term as director of the American School of Classical Studies at Athens as well as receiving the Archaeological Institute of America's Gold Medal for a lifetime of outstanding achievement. In Muhly's honor, a total of 38 eminent scholars have contributed 30 articles that include topics on Bronze and Iron Age metallurgy around the Eastern Mediterranean in such places as Crete, the Cyclades, Cyprus, and Turkey.

Life in Neolithic Farming Communities

Social Organization, Identity, and Differentiation

Author: Ian Kuijt

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 0306471663

Category: Social Science

Page: 325

View: 4403

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Drawing on both the results of recent archaeological research and anthropological theory, leading experts synthesize current thinking on the nature of and variation within Neolithic social arrangements. The authors analyze archaeological data within a range of methodological and theoretical perspectives to reconstruct key aspects of ritual practices, labor organization, and collective social identity at the scale of the household, community, and region.

Becoming Roman

The Origins of Provincial Civilization in Gaul

Author: Greg Woolf

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9780521789820

Category: History

Page: 316

View: 4076

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A study of the complete transformation of the provinces of the early Roman empire, when all levels of society and all aspects of life were radically altered. Woolf repudiates traditional theories of `Romanization' and argues that each region remained unique. His study discusses the nature of Roman imperialism and notions of civilisation and the culture and society of pre-Roman Gaul. This study on the contrast between Iron Age and Roman Gaul focuses largely on the themes of urbanism and religion and draws heavily on recent archaeological research.

Greece in the Making 1200–479 BC

Author: Robin Osborne

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1134104898

Category: History

Page: 400

View: 1961

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Greece in the Making 1200–479 BC is an accessible and comprehensive account of Greek history from the end of the Bronze Age to the Classical Period. The first edition of this book broke new ground by acknowledging that, barring a small number of archaic poems and inscriptions, the majority of our literary evidence for archaic Greece reported only what later writers wanted to tell, and so was subject to systematic selection and distortion. This book offers a narrative which acknowledges the later traditions, as traditions, but insists that we must primarily confront the contemporary evidence, which is in large part archaeological and art historical, and must make sense of it in its own terms. In this second edition, as well as updating the text to take account of recent scholarship and re-ordering, Robin Osborne has addressed more explicitly the weaknesses and unsustainable interpretations which the first edition chose merely to pass over. He now spells out why this book features no ‘rise of the polis’ and no ‘colonization’, and why the treatment of Greek settlement abroad is necessarily spread over various chapters. Students and teachers alike will particularly appreciate the enhanced discussion of economic history and the more systematic treatment of issues of gender and sexuality.