Humanism in a Non-Humanist World

Author: Monica R. Miller

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 331957910X

Category: Religion

Page: 285

View: 9536

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This book brings together a diverse and wide-ranging group of thinkers to forge unsuspecting conversations across the humanist and non-humanist divide. How should humanism relate to a non-humanist world? What distinguishes “humanism” from the “non-humanist?” Readers will encounter a wide-range of perspectives on the terms bringing together this volume, where “Humanism” “Non-Humanist” and “World” are not taken for granted, but instead, tackled from a wide variety of perspectives, spaces, discourses, and approaches. This volume offers both a pragmatic and scholarly account of these terms and worldviews allowing for multiple points of analytical and practical points of entry into the unfolding dialogue between humanism and the non-humanist world. In this way, this volume is attentive to both theoretically and historically grounded inquiry and applied practical application.

Toward a Non-humanist Humanism

Theory after 9/11

Author: William V. Spanos

Publisher: SUNY Press

ISBN: 143846598X

Category: Literary Criticism

Page: 202

View: 1033

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Assesses the limits and possibilities of humanism for engaging with issues of pressing political and cultural concern. In his book The End of Education: Toward Posthumanism, William V. Spanos critiqued the traditional Western concept of humanism, arguing that its origins are to be found not in ancient Greece’s love of truth and wisdom, but in the Roman imperial era, when those Greek values were adapted in the service of imperialism on a deeply rooted, metaphysical level. Returning to that question of humanism in the context of the United States’ war on terror in the post-9/11 era, Toward a Non-humanist Humanism points out the dehumanizing dynamics of Western modernity in which the rule of law is increasingly made flexible to defend against threats both real and potential. Spanos considers and assesses the work of thinkers such as Giorgio Agamben, Alain Badiou, Judith Butler, Jacques Rancière, and Slavoj Žižek as humanistic reformers and concludes with an effort to imagine a different kind of humanism—a non-humanist humanism—in which the old binary of friend versus foe gives way to a coming community without ethnic, cultural, or sexual divisions.

The Learning Society in a Postmodern World

The Education Crisis

Author: Kenneth Wain

Publisher: Peter Lang

ISBN: 9780820468365

Category: Education

Page: 362

View: 6709

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Lifelong learning has become a key concern as the focus of educational policy has shifted from mass schooling toward the learning society. The shift started in the mid 1960s and early 1970s under the impetus of a group of writers and adult educators, gravitating around UNESCO, with a humanist philosophy and a leftist agenda. The vocabulary of that movement was appropriated in the 1990s by other interests with a very different performativist agenda emphasizing effectiveness and economic outcomes. This change of interest, described in the book, has signified the death of education. "The Learning Society in a Postmodern World" explores different theoretical resources to respond to this situation, mainly those that propose some restoration of an educated public or, to the contrary, individual self-creation, and uses the works of a broad range of philosophers and thinkers - notably MacIntyre, Habermas, Foucault, Derrida, Rorty, and Baudrillard. In addition, it raises important questions about postmodern and poststructuralist responses to education in the postmodern world. Its comprehensiveness and historical background make it an essential textbook for theoretical courses in lifelong learning and in educational theory in general. A broad range of interests and subject matter make it important reading for educators, policy specialists, media specialists, researchers on the subject of lifelong learning and on the relation between education and the postmodern world, political theorists, philosophers, and philosophers of education.

Aufklärung jetzt

Für Vernunft, Wissenschaft, Humanismus und Fortschritt. Eine Verteidigung

Author: Steven Pinker

Publisher: S. Fischer Verlag

ISBN: 3104030685

Category: Philosophy

Page: 736

View: 1999

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Eine leidenschaftliche Antithese zum üblichen Kulturpessimismus und ein engagierter Widerspruch zu dem weitverbreiteten Gefühl, dass die Moderne dem Untergang geweiht ist. Hass, Populismus und Unvernunft regieren die Welt, Wissenschaftsfeindlichkeit macht sich breit, Wahrheit gibt es nicht mehr: Wer die Schlagzeilen von heute liest, könnte so denken. Doch Bestseller-Autor Steven Pinker zeigt, dass das grundfalsch ist. Er hat die Entwicklung der vergangenen Jahrhunderte gründlich untersucht und beweist in seiner fulminanten Studie, dass unser Leben stetig viel besser geworden ist. Heute leben wir länger, gesünder, sicherer, glücklicher, friedlicher und wohlhabender denn je, und nicht nur in der westlichen Welt. Der Grund: die Aufklärung und ihr Wertesystem. Denn Aufklärung und Wissenschaft bieten nach wie vor die Basis, um mit Vernunft und im Konsens alle Probleme anzugehen. Anstelle von Gerüchten zählen Fakten, anstatt überlieferten Mythen zu glauben baut man auf Diskussion und Argumente. Anschaulich und brillant macht Pinker eines klar: Vernunft, Wissenschaft, Humanismus und Fortschritt sind weiterhin unverzichtbar für unser Wohlergehen. Ohne sie wird die Welt auf keinen Fall zu einem besseren Ort für uns alle. »Mein absolutes Lieblingsbuch aller Zeiten.« Bill Gates

Wenn Argumente scheitern

Aufklärung in Zeiten des Populismus

Author: Markus Kotzur

Publisher: mentis Verlag GmbH

ISBN: 3957437679

Category: Philosophy

Page: 76

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Auf die Frage "Was ist Aufklärung?" antwortete Immanuel Kant 1784 mit der berühmten Definition: "Aufklärung ist der Ausgang des Menschen aus seiner selbstverschuldeten Unmündigkeit." Und er fuhr fort: "Unmündigkeit ist das Unvermögen, sich seines Verstandes ohne Leitung eines anderen zu bedienen. Selbstverschuldet ist diese Unmündigkeit, wenn die Ursache derselben nicht am Mangel des Verstandes, sondern der Entschließung und des Muthes liegt, sich seiner ohne Leitung eines anderen zu bedienen. Heute drängt sich die Frage auf, ob nicht die Aufklärung in westlichen Gesellschaften ihre Überzeugungskraft verloren hat. Eine Sehnsucht nach neuer Unmündigkeit bricht sich Bahn. An die Stelle von Autonomie tritt Autorität. Verschwörungstheorien werden als Welterklärung angeboten, Fakten zählen immer weniger, nicht zuletzt, weil sie durch das World Wide Web in ihrer Überkomplexität zugleich dauerpräsent sind und in virtuellen Welten sofort wieder relativiert werden. Damit umzugehen, überfordert immer mehr Menschen. Angesichts solcher Verunsicherung und Überforderung schrieb der Vorstand der Stiftung "Forschungsinstitut für Philosophie Hannover" 2017 die Preisfrage aus: "Was sollen wir tun, wenn Argumente scheitern?" Die Frage will zur Rückbesinnung auf die Aufklärung ermutigen, um Perspektiven und Konzepte gegen einen argumentationsresistenten Populismus zu entwickeln. Dabei geht es nicht einfach um die Verteidigung von Aufklärung und Vernunft, sondern auch um die Begründung handlungsleitender Formen des Umgangs mit Faktenresistenz. Wenn Argumente scheitern, sind es dann die falschen Argumente? Oder gibt es unterschiedliche Ökosysteme der Rationalität, die überhaupt erst neu zu entdecken wären? Ist mit den gescheiterten Argumenten die argumentierende Philosophie selbst am Ende?

Renaissance Humanism

An Anthology of Sources

Author: Margaret L. King

Publisher: Hackett Publishing

ISBN: 1624661467

Category: History

Page: 384

View: 7640

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By far the best collection of sources to introduce readers to Renaissance humanism in all its many guises. What distinguishes this stimulating and useful anthology is the vision behind it: King shows that Renaissance thinkers had a lot to say, not only about the ancient world--one of their habitual passions--but also about the self, how civic experience was configured, the arts, the roles and contributions of women, the new science, the 'new' world, and so much more. --Christopher S. Celenza, Johns Hopkins University

Toward a New Enlightenment

The Philosophy of Paul Kurtz

Author: Paul Kurtz

Publisher: Transaction Publishers

ISBN: 9781412840170

Category: Social Science

Page: 401

View: 4722

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Paul Kurtz has been the dominant voice of secular humanism over the past thirty years. This compilation of his work reveals the scope of his thinking on the basic topics of our time and his many and varied contributions to the cause of free thought. It focuses on the central issues that have concerned Kurtz throughout his career: ethics, politics, education, religion, science, and pseudoscience. The chapters are linked by a common theme: the need for a new enlightenment, one committed to the use of rationality and skepticism, but also devoted to realizing the highest values of humanist culture. Many writings included here were first published in magazines and journals long unavailable. Some of the essays have never before been published. They now appear as a coherent whole for the first time. Also included is an extensive bibliography of Kurtz's writings. "Toward a New Enlightenment "is essential for those who know and admire Paul Kurtz's work. It will also be an important resource for students of philosophy, political science, ethics, and religion. Among the chapters are: "Humanist Ethics: Eating the Forbidden Fruit"; "Relevance of Science to Ethics"; "Democracy without Theology"; "Misuses of Civil Disobedience"; "The Limits of Tolerance"; "Skepticism about the Paranormal: Legitimate and Illegitimate"; "Militant Atheism vs. Freedom of Conscience"; "Promethean Love: Unbound"; "The Case for Euthanasia"; and "The New Inquisition in the Schools."

About Science, Myself and Others

Author: V.L. Ginzburg

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 9781420034745

Category: Science

Page: 360

View: 9971

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In About Science, Myself and Others, Vitaly Lazarevich Ginzburg, co-recipient of the 2003 Nobel Prize in Physics and Editor of the review journal Physics-Uspekhi, provides an insight into modern physics, the lives and works of other prominent physicists he has known, and insight into his own life and views on physics and beyond. Divided into three parts, the book starts with a review of the key problems in contemporary physics, astrophysics, and cosmology, examining their historical development and why they pose such a challenge to today's physicists and for society. Part One also includes details of some of Professor Ginzburg's work, including superconductivity and superfluidity. Part Two encompasses several articles on the lives and works of several prominent physicists, including the author. The third part is a collection of articles that provide a personal view of the author, describing his personal views and recollections on a range of wider topics. Taken together, this collection of articles creates an enjoyable review of physics, its philosophy, and key players in its modern development in the 20th Century. Undoubtedly, it will be an enjoyable read for professional physicists and non-scientists alike.

Humanism for Parents

Parenting Without Religion

Author: Sean Curley

Publisher: Sean Curley

ISBN: 1430314257

Category: Family & Relationships

Page: 87

View: 9893

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By some estimates, over 1 billion people in the world are non-religious (humanist/secular/atheist) yet we base some of our parenting techniques and traditions on religion. There are many books available on parenting around each of the major religions, but few around parenting in a Humanist household. This book is an attempt to outline how non-religious parents can have rites, rituals, and practices needed for a healthy, spiritually fulfilled family.

Grace That Saves

Embracing the Truth of God's Unmerited Favor

Author: JAY R. LEACH

Publisher: Trafford Publishing

ISBN: 1490724125

Category: Religion

Page: 180

View: 1753

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WHAT IS THE PROBLEM? True Christianity is under siege in America today! Satan has spread two of the most evil deceptions in his arsenal, secular humanism [No God] in our society and institutions and religious Christianity [No -- Spirit] in the churches. Both deny Christs finished work of grace (divine favor). Things are looking bleak to many people seeking reality! They realize that Satan and his kingdom of darkness are behind Americas chaotic world systems. Notice, our world of politics, world of social action and justice, world of education, world of finances, world of marriage and the family, world of sports, even the world of weather are distorted and corrupted. For the past century, we have stood by blindly as Satan has secularized our society and religionized many of our Christian churches. Gods people must stand in the gap for this great nation! There is hope! God is meeting the needs with abundance of living grace, through the restored power of the Holy Spirit and restored truths of His Word; making leaders and their people the true salt and light through inward transformation and embracing the restored teaching and reality of living grace [the finished work of Christ], and right relationships in Him. Thus, God is rising up anointed Para-ministries among professing Christians; and churches who are hearing what the Spirit is saying to the churches. Nothing is too hard for God!

Human Nature in an Age of Biotechnology

The Case for Mediated Posthumanism

Author: Tamar Sharon

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9400775547

Category: Philosophy

Page: 241

View: 9282

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New biotechnologies have propelled the question of what it means to be human – or posthuman – to the forefront of societal and scientific consideration. This volume provides an accessible, critical overview of the main approaches in the debate on posthumanism, and argues that they do not adequately address the question of what it means to be human in an age of biotechnology. Not because they belong to rival political camps, but because they are grounded in a humanist ontology that presupposes a radical separation between human subjects and technological objects. The volume offers a comprehensive mapping of posthumanist discourse divided into four broad approaches—two humanist-based approaches: dystopic and liberal posthumanism, and two non-humanist approaches: radical and methodological posthumanism. The author compares and contrasts these models via an exploration of key issues, from human enhancement, to eugenics, to new configurations of biopower, questioning what role technology plays in defining the boundaries of the human, the subject and nature for each. Building on the contributions and limitations of radical and methodological posthumanism, the author develops a novel perspective, mediated posthumanism, that brings together insights in the philosophy of technology, the sociology of biomedicine, and Michel Foucault’s work on ethical subject constitution. In this framework, technology is neither a neutral tool nor a force that alienates humanity from itself, but something that is always already part of the experience of being human, and subjectivity is viewed as an emergent property that is constantly being shaped and transformed by its engagements with biotechnologies. Mediated posthumanism becomes a tool for identifying novel ethical modes of human experience that are richer and more multifaceted than current posthumanist perspectives allow for. The book will be essential reading for students and scholars working on ethics and technology, philosophy of technology, poststructuralism, technology and the body, and medical ethics.

Spinoza Beyond Philosophy

Author: Beth Lord

Publisher: Edinburgh University Press

ISBN: 0748656073

Category: Philosophy

Page: 224

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This book of 10 engaging and original essays brings Spinoza outside the realm of academic philosophy, and presents him as a thinker who is relevant to contemporary problems and questions across a variety of disciplines.

Reason with Compassion

The Humanist Way

Author: Glenn M. Hardie

Publisher: Xlibris Corporation

ISBN: 1465326448

Category: Philosophy

Page: 109

View: 8081

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This book has been written as a kind of primer in humanistic thought for the benefit of others who, like myself, are not profound scholars of philosophy or religion. All of the information in this book came from readily available sources, such as public lectures, libraries, and bookstores. It is directed towards ordinary people who have to work at other things for a living, and who thus may not have the time, money, facility, or inclination to permit extensive and detailed study of matters pertaining to humanism. The book is also directed towards that vast and rapidly increasing number of humans who do not subscribe to any particular religion, and who may find in this book the expression of their own developed or latent humanism. Many people are simply not aware of the lengthy existence and growing significance of the Humanist Movement. They may be relieved to discover, as I was, that they are not alone, and to know that a channel exists into which they may direct their thoughts, energies, and support, if they should so choose to assist in improving the only world in which we all have to live.

Achieving Communal Harmony and National Integration

A Dream for Every Indian : Papers of UGC National Seminar Held on 6-7 May 1995

Author: Gnana Stanley Jaya Kumar,B. V. Muralidhar

Publisher: M.D. Publications Pvt. Ltd.

ISBN: 9788175330504

Category: Communalism

Page: 150

View: 8965

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India, being a pluralistic society, different religious groups started identifying themselves, and pressing their cases for a better place in the society. It is challenging for people of India to assess themselves again. The political movement has widened the sphere of such thinking. It has created an interest among people of different religions all over India to know more about their religion and the roles they are playing. Though the Indian Constitution and number of progressive legislations have removed many disabilities of minorities, the social equality is not yet unquestioned.

Humanistic Psychology

Concepts and Criticisms

Author: Joseph Royce

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 1468410717

Category: Psychology

Page: 311

View: 6175

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THE FORMATIVE TENDENCY I have often pointed out that in my work with individuals in therapy, and in my experience in encounter groups, I have been led to the con viction that human nature is essentially constructive. When, in a ther apeutic climate (which can be objectively defined) a person becomes sharply aware of more of his or her internal experiencing and of the stimuli and demands from the external world, thus acquiring a full range of options, the person tends to move in the direction of becoming a socially constructive organism. But many are critical of this point of view. Why should such a positive direction be observed only in humans? Isn't this just pure op- · . ? timi sm. So quite hesitantly, because I have to draw on the work and thinking of others rather than on my own experience, I should like to try to set this directional tendency in a much broader context. I shall draw on my general reading in the field of science, but I should like to mention a special indebtedness to the work of Lancelot Whyte in The Universe of Experience (Harper and Row, 1974), the last book he wrote before his death. Though the book has flaws, in my judgment this historian has some thought-provoking themes to advance. I have learned from many others as well.

Hüter der Erinnerung

Author: Lois Lowry

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9783423086424

Category:

Page: 270

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In einer scheinbar perfekten Welt, in der wahre Gefühle ebenso eliminiert sind wie Krieg, Schmerz und Leiden, ist einzig Jonas dazu auserkoren, echte Liebe und tiefe Emotionen kennenzulernen - als Hüter der Erinnerung. Als Jonas erfährt, wie hoch der Preis ist, den die Gemeinschaft für die vermeintliche Harmonie zahlt, wagt er den Widerstand gegen deren eherne Gesetze.

Proceedings of the Boston Colloquium for the Philosophy of Science 1966/1968

Author: Robert S. Cohen,Marx W. Wartofsky

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9401033781

Category: Science

Page: 541

View: 7639

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The fourth volume of Boston Studies in the Philosophy of Science consists mainly of papers which were contributed to our Colloquium during the past few years. The volume represents a wide range of interests in contem porary philosophy of science: issues in the philosophy of mind and of language, the neurophysiology of perceptual and linguistic behavior, philosophy of history and of the social sciences, and studies in the fun damental categories and methods of philosophy and the inter-relation ships of the sciences with ethics and metaphysics. Papers on the logic and methods of the natural sciences, including biological, physical and mathematical topics appear in the fifth volume of our series. We have included in the present volume the first English translation of the classic and fundamental work on aphasia by Carl Wernicke, together with a lucid and appreciative guide to his work by Dr. Norman Geschwind. The papers were not written to form a coherent volume, nor have they been edited with such a purpose. They represent current work-in progress, both in the United States and in Europe. Although most of the authors are philosophers, it is worth noting that we have essays of philosophical significance here written by a sociologist, an anthropologist, a political scientist, and by three neurophysiologists. We hope that collaboration among working scientists and working philosophers may develop further.