Hydrogeological Conceptual Site Models

Data Analysis and Visualization

Author: Neven Kresic,Alex Mikszewski

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 1439852227

Category: Science

Page: 600

View: 8288

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A reference for students, researchers, and environmental professionals, Hydrogeological Conceptual Site Models: Data Analysis and Visualization explains how to develop effective conceptual site models, perform advanced spatial data analysis, and generate informative graphics for applications in hydrogeology and groundwater remediation. Written by expert practitioners, this full-color book illustrates how fundamental hydrogeological concepts are translated into quantitative, high-resolution computer visualizations. In addition, the authors discuss topics not typically covered in conventional textbooks, including GIS technology and the relationship between conceptual site models and environmental policy. Advanced Methods for Data Analysis and Visualization Featuring more than 500 color illustrations, this unique and visually powerful book outlines the required elements of a conceptual site model and provides numerous examples of supporting charts, cross-sections, maps, and 3D graphics. The authors describe advanced analytical methods such as geospatial processing, kriging, and groundwater modeling through practical real-life examples. They also present numerous case studies in groundwater supply and remediation to help explain key engineering design concepts. Data-Driven Assessments of Groundwater Management Policy The authors tackle controversial topics, ranging from technical impracticability of groundwater remediation to sustainable management of groundwater resources. They encourage discussion and independent thought about how current environmental policies and practices can evolve to achieve better outcomes at less cost to society. Practical Strategies for Communicating Your Findings to the General Public While the book is technical in nature, equations and advanced theory are kept to a minimum. The text focuses on practical strategies to help you create easy-to-understand data tables, graphs, maps, and illustrations for technical and nontechnical audiences alike. A companion DVD includes animations, reference material, modeling software, and more.

Applied Groundwater Modeling

Simulation of Flow and Advective Transport

Author: Mary P. Anderson,William W. Woessner,Randall J. Hunt

Publisher: Academic Press

ISBN: 0080916384

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 630

View: 5220

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This second edition is extensively revised throughout with expanded discussion of modeling fundamentals and coverage of advances in model calibration and uncertainty analysis that are revolutionizing the science of groundwater modeling. The text is intended for undergraduate and graduate level courses in applied groundwater modeling and as a comprehensive reference for environmental consultants and scientists/engineers in industry and governmental agencies. Explains how to formulate a conceptual model of a groundwater system and translate it into a numerical model Demonstrates how modeling concepts, including boundary conditions, are implemented in two groundwater flow codes-- MODFLOW (for finite differences) and FEFLOW (for finite elements) Discusses particle tracking methods and codes for flowpath analysis and advective transport of contaminants Summarizes parameter estimation and uncertainty analysis approaches using the code PEST to illustrate how concepts are implemented Discusses modeling ethics and preparation of the modeling report Includes Boxes that amplify and supplement topics covered in the text Each chapter presents lists of common modeling errors and problem sets that illustrate concepts

Karst Aquifers - Characterization and Engineering

Author: Zoran Stevanović

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 3319128507

Category: Science

Page: 692

View: 8737

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This practical training guidebook makes an important contribution to karst hydrogeology. It presents supporting material for academic courses worldwide that include this and similar topics. It is an excellent sourcebook for students and other attendees of the International Karst School: Characterization and Engineering of Karst Aquifers, which opened in Trebinje, Bosnia & Herzegovina in 2014 and which will be organized every year in early summer. As opposed to more theoretical works, this is a catalog of possible engineering interventions in karst and their implications. Although the majority of readers will be professionals with geology/hydrogeology backgrounds, the language is not purely technical making it accessible to a wider audience. This means that the methodology, case studies and experiences presented will also benefit water managers working in karst environments.

Practical Handbook of Environmental Site Characterization and Ground-Water Monitoring, Second Edition

Author: David M. Nielsen

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 1420032240

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 1328

View: 5752

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Published in 1991, the first edition of The Practical Handbook of Ground-Water Monitoring quickly became the gold standard reference on the topic of ground-water monitoring. But, as in all rapidly evolving fields, regulations change, technology advances, methods improve, and research reveals flaws in prior thinking. As a consequence, books that document the state of the science, even widely acknowledged definitive works, become outdated and need to be rewritten periodically to stay current. Reflecting this and renamed to highlight its wider scope, The Practical Handbook of Environmental Site Characterization and Ground-Water Monitoring, Second Edition provides an updated look at the field. Completely revised, the book contains so much new information that it has doubled in size. Containing the most up-to-date information available, this second edition emphasizes the practical application of current technology. It covers environmental site characterization and ground-water monitoring in great detail, from the federal regulations that govern environmental investigations, to the various direct and indirect methods of investigating and monitoring the subsurface, to the analysis and interpretation of complex sets of environmental data. Cheaper, better, faster was the mantra of the 1990s, resulting in more streamlined approaches to both environmental site characterization and ground-water monitoring, but also pitting the application of good science against the mandate to get a project done as quickly and inexpensively as possible. This book provides unbiased, technical discussions of the tremendously powerful tools developed in the last decade, helping environmental professionals strike a balance between good science and economics.

Grundwasserchemie

Praxisorientierter Leitfaden zur numerischen Modellierung von Beschaffenheit, Kontamination und Sanierung aquatischer Systeme

Author: Broder J. Merkel,Britta Planer-Friedrich

Publisher: Springer-Verlag

ISBN: 366207611X

Category: Science

Page: 219

View: 6516

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Die Autoren konzentrieren sich in ihrem Werk auf die Lösung praxisorientierter hydrogeochemischer Fragestellungen und schließen damit eine Lücke im Bereich anwendungsorientierter Lehrbücher. Ein erster Teil fasst dabei die Theorie soweit zusammen, daß es auch Neulingen im Bereich der Modellierung und Nichtchemikern leicht gemacht wird, das anspruchsvolle Thema zu erfassen. Akademikern mit hydrogeologischer oder chemischer Grundausbildung sowie Studenten höherer Semester in den relevanten Fachgebieten erlaubt das Buch, anhand der beschriebenen Beispiele und Lösungen, eine eigenständige Erarbeitung der Sachverhalte. Die beiliegende CD-ROM ermöglicht zudem eine rasche Überprüfung der Ergebnisse, bzw. das Nachvollziehen aller Aufgaben und Lösungen anhand der beigefügten PhreeC-Eingabedateien. Da das Programm PhreeC kostenfrei verfügbar ist und mit Windows-Oberfläche auf der CD-ROM vorhanden ist, kann sofort mit der Modellierung begonnen werden.

GEOVAL '94

Validation Through Model Testing : Proceedings of an NEA/SKI Symposium, Paris, France, 11-14 October 1994

Author: OECD Nuclear Energy Agency

Publisher: Organization for Economic

ISBN: 9789264144675

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 511

View: 9071

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Uranium in the Aquatic Environment

Proceedings of the International Conference Uranium Mining and Hydrogeology III and the International Mine Water Association Symposium Freiberg, Germany, 15-21 September 2002

Author: Broder Merkel,Britta Planer-Friedrich,Christian Wolkersdorfer

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 364255668X

Category: Science

Page: 1112

View: 2148

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Preface Uranium is a radioactive element and a heavy metal which is naturally occurring in ground and surface water. Although uranium is enriched in granites and gneiss ground water from these host rocks often shows low to intermediate uranium con centrations, while some ground waters from sandstone and carbonate aquifers show elevated uranium concentrations up to several hundred mg/1 without man made impact. On the other side, surface water contains increased anthropogenic uranium concentrations due to the intensive use of phosphate fertilizers and in mining areas due to mining and milling activities. Saxony and Thuringia both be ing states of the reunified Germany are probably an area where uranium mining activities have impacted the environment more severely than in any other part of the world. Thus, the federal government of Germany allocated huge amounts of money for the rehabilitation work, a unique proceeding without precedent in min ing history. In October 1995 the first international conference on Uranium Mining and Hydrogeology (UMM I) was held in Freiberg being organized by the Department of Geology at the technical University Freiberg by the support of the Saxon State Ministry of Geology and Environment. Due to the large scientific interest in the topic ofuranium a second conference (UMH II) took place in Freiberg in Septem ber 1998.

Long-Term Stewardship of DOE Legacy Waste Sites

A Status Report

Author: Board on Radioactive Waste Management,Division on Earth and Life Studies

Publisher: National Academies Press

ISBN: 0309558859

Category: Science

Page: 59

View: 330

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The Department of Energy (DOE) has over 100 sites at which human access will be restricted even after scheduled cleanups because of the radioactive and chemical contamination and waste that will remain. This report reviews long-term plans for protecting human health and the environment at these sites--a mission DOE calls "long-term stewardship." The committee finds that there is a compartmentalization of cleanup planning and planning for long-term stewardship at the sites. The committee recommends that DOE explicitly plan for long-term stewardship responsibilities as part of its cleanup decisions, and that it taking into account capabilities and limitations of long-term stewardship when making cleanup decisions.

Ground Water Contamination

Transport and Remediation

Author: Philip B. Bedient,H. S. Rifai,Charles J. Newell

Publisher: Prentice Hall

ISBN: N.A

Category: Science

Page: 604

View: 3119

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Intended for hydrogeologists, engineers, and college students in those or related fields, this updated edition discusses the theory and practice of ground water contamination modeling and remediation. New coverage includes a full chapter on sorption, biodegradation, and natural attenuation processes

Karst without Boundaries

Author: Zoran Stevanović,Neven Krešić,Neno Kukurić

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 1498787738

Category: Science

Page: 376

View: 2813

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Karstified rocks of different lithology cover more than 10% of the continental surface of our planet. It is known that some 20% or even a few percent more of the global population largely depends on karstic groundwater but in many karst areas all over the world there are limited natural resources including absence of drinking waters. The problems of water shortage, equitable water use or water protection from pollution, become more problematic when they come to transboundary regions. The Dinaric region is a classical karst area where created borders of newly established countries after the civil war in 1990s resulted with an urgent need to create ambience for sustainable water management. The project DIKTAS is one of the first ever attempts to establish sustainable integrated management principles in a transboundary karst aquifer of the magnitude of the Dinaric Karst System. This volume presents selected papers from the conference held in June 2014 in Trebinje, Bosnia & Herzegovina including presentations of some of the project’s achievements but also number of other research results conducted in karst environments worldwide.

Karsthydrographie und physische Speläologie

Author: A. Bögli

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 9783662080528

Category: Science

Page: 294

View: 6558

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Das vorliegende Buch über Karsthydrographie und physische Speläologie ver bindet zwei Sachgebiete, die bisher getrennt behandelt worden sind. Beide Wissensgebiete sind ihre eigenen Wege gegangen, weniger aus sachlicher Ver schiedenheit, als wegen der unterschiedlichen Betrachtungsweise. In der Karst hydrographie steht die Beschreibung unterirdischer Gewässer mit ihrem physi kalischen und chemischen Verhalten im Mittelpunkt, in der physischen Speläo logie die unterirdischen Hohlräume mit ihrem Inhalt, die meist durch eben diese Wässer geschaffen worden sind. Diese Hohlräume lassen sich nur mit Hilfe karsthydrographischer Kenntnisse richtig interpretieren, geben aber daftir Hin weise auf das Verhalten der Karstgewässer. Karsthydrographie und physische Speläologie sind somit zwei Seiten des unterirdischen Karstphänomens und sollten unter einem einheitlichen Blickwinkel betrachtet werden. Das Buch wendet sich an Geologen, Hydrogeologen, Geomorphologen, Geographen und Karstforscher, vor allem Speläologen, sowie an alle Höhlen freunde, unter ihnen im besonderen die Laienforscher. Der Inhalt muß daher zwei Gruppen ansprechen, einerseits die akademisch Geschulten, seien es Hoch schuldozenten, Hochschulabsolventen oder noch Studenten, die in der Regel ausreichende Grundlagen zum Verständnis der theoretischen Ausführungen aufweisen, andererseits die Laien, die eine erlebte Anschauung aus den Höhlen mitbringen, doch häufJ.g nicht über alle wissenschaftlichen Grundlagen zum Verständnis der Phänomene verfügen. Deshalb mußten gelegentlich auch ein facheren Problemen größerer Raum gewährt und nomenklatorische Fragen mit einbezogen werden.

Fractured Rock Hydrogeology

Author: John M. Sharp

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 1138001597

Category: Science

Page: 408

View: 1665

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Fractured rocks extend over much of the world, cropping out in shields, massifs, and the cores of major mountain ranges. They also form the basement below younger sedimentary rocks; at depth; they represent a continuous environment of extended and deep regional groundwater flow. Understanding of groundwater flow and solute transport in fractured rocks is vital for analysis of water resources, water quality and environmental protection, geotechnical and engineering projects, and geothermal energy production. Book chapters include theoretical and practical analyses using numerical modelling, geochemistry, isotopes, aquifer tests, laboratory tests, field mapping, geophysics, geological analyses, and some unique combinations of these types of investigation. Current water resource and geotechnical problems in many countries—and the techniques now used to address them—are also discussed. The importance of geological interpretation is re-emphasised in analysing the hydrogeology of fractured, mostly crystalline rocks and in how critical this is for understanding their hydrology and the wise utilisation of resources. This is indeed hydrogeology in its broadest sense. The importance of, but great difficulty in, extending or upscaling fractured rock hydraulic properties is also made clear. This book is aimed at practicing hydrogeologists, engineers, ecologists, resource managers, and perhaps most importantly, students and earth scientists not yet familiar with the ubiquity and importance of fractured rock systems.

Field Hydrogeology

A Guide for Site Investigations and Report Preparation, Second Edition

Author: John E. Moore

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 1439841241

Category: Science

Page: 206

View: 7513

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In recent years, the focus in hydrogeologic investigations has expanded to include aquifer sustainability as part of resource evaluations. While there are other books on the subject, Field Hydrogeology: A Guide for Site Investigations and Report Preparation provides the first integrated presentation of the American Society of Testing Materials (ASTM) standards, US Geological Survey (USGS), and US Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) field techniques. It also includes access to a website containing software for designing aquifer tests and aquifer-recharge experiments. Written by an author with more than 50 years of experience in hydrology and geology, this reference treats the subject from a field standpoint. Useful as a field guide or textbook, it contains standard methods for planning and undertaking hydrogeologic investigations. It incorporates case studies, contains a glossary of field-hydrogeology technical terms, and provides a detailed list of ASTM standards and key hydrologic Web sites. The guide is based on ASTM standards as well as EPA and US Department of Interior field technical manuals. The text covers hydrogeologic fundamentals, conceptual models, planning an investigation, surface investigations, subsurface investigations, field inventory, stream flow measurements, water quality measurements, and report preparation. This revised and updated Second Edition also includes new material on the history of hydrogeology, field safety, aquifers, groundwater quality, hydrogeologic maps, and federal regulations. It gives students and seasoned professionals a vast array of clearly written descriptive materials and an extensive source of references available at their fingertips. What’s New in This Second Edition: New chapter on the history of hydrogeology New chapter on groundwater development and management, including US federal regulations and transboundary aquifers New material on field safety, groundwater quality and testing, and construction of hydrogeologic cross section and maps New international case studies New THEIS computer model to design aquifer tests Updated information on latest principles and techniques