Hydrogeology and Groundwater Modeling, Second Edition

Author: Neven Kresic

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 9780849333484

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 828

View: 7484

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Coupling the basics of hygrogeology with analytical and numerical modeling methods, Hydrogeology and Groundwater Modeling, Second Edition provides detailed coverage of both theory and practice. Written by a leading hydrogeologist who has consulted for industry and environmental agencies and taught at major universities around the world, this unique book fills a gap in the groundwater hydrogeology literature. With more than 40 real-world examples, the book is a source for clear, easy-to-understand, and step-by-step quantitative groundwater evaluation and contaminant fate and transport analysis, from basic laboratory determination to complex analytical calculations and computer modeling. It provides more than 400 drawings, graphs, and photographs, and a variety of useful tables of all key groundwater parameters, as well as lucid, straightforward answers to common hydrogeological problems. Reflecting nearly ten years of new scholarship since the publication of the bestselling first edition, this second edition is wider in focus with added and updated examples, figures, and problems, yet still provides information in the author's trademark, user-friendly style. No other book offers such carefully selected examples and clear, elegantly explained solutions. The inclusion of step-by-step solutions to real problems builds a knowledge base for understanding and solving groundwater issues.

Applied Groundwater Modeling

Simulation of Flow and Advective Transport

Author: Mary P. Anderson,William W. Woessner,Randall J. Hunt

Publisher: Academic Press

ISBN: 0080916384

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 630

View: 4146

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This second edition is extensively revised throughout with expanded discussion of modeling fundamentals and coverage of advances in model calibration and uncertainty analysis that are revolutionizing the science of groundwater modeling. The text is intended for undergraduate and graduate level courses in applied groundwater modeling and as a comprehensive reference for environmental consultants and scientists/engineers in industry and governmental agencies. Explains how to formulate a conceptual model of a groundwater system and translate it into a numerical model Demonstrates how modeling concepts, including boundary conditions, are implemented in two groundwater flow codes-- MODFLOW (for finite differences) and FEFLOW (for finite elements) Discusses particle tracking methods and codes for flowpath analysis and advective transport of contaminants Summarizes parameter estimation and uncertainty analysis approaches using the code PEST to illustrate how concepts are implemented Discusses modeling ethics and preparation of the modeling report Includes Boxes that amplify and supplement topics covered in the text Each chapter presents lists of common modeling errors and problem sets that illustrate concepts

Groundwater Science

Author: Charles Richard Fitts

Publisher: Academic Press

ISBN: 0123847052

Category: Science

Page: 672

View: 8667

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Groundwater Science, 2E, covers groundwater's role in the hydrologic cycle and in water supply, contamination, and construction issues. It is a valuable resource for students and instructors in the geosciences (with focuses in hydrology, hydrogeology, and environmental science), and as a reference work for professional researchers. This interdisciplinary text weaves important methods and applications from the disciplines of physics, chemistry, mathematics, geology, biology, and environmental science, introducing you to the mathematical modeling and contaminant flow of groundwater. New to the Second Edition: * New chapter on subsurface heat flow and geothermal systems * Expanded content on well construction and design, surface water hydrology, groundwater/ surface water interaction, slug tests, pumping tests, and mounding analysis. * Updated discussions of groundwater modeling, calibration, parameter estimation, and uncertainty * Free software tools for slug test analysis, pumping test analysis, and aquifer modeling * Lists of key terms and chapter contents at the start of each chapter * Expanded end-of-chapter problems, including more conceptual questions * Two-color figures * Homework problems at the end of each chapter and worked examples throughout * Companion website with videos of field exploration and contaminant migration experiments, PDF files of USGS reports, and data files for homework problems * PowerPoint slides and solution manual for adopting faculty

Introduction to Groundwater Modeling

Finite Difference and Finite Element Methods

Author: Herbert F. Wang,Mary P. Anderson

Publisher: Academic Press

ISBN: 0080571948

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 237

View: 3494

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The dramatic advances in the efficiency of digital computers during the past decade have provided hydrologists with a powerful tool for numerical modeling of groundwater systems. Introduction to Groundwater Modeling presents a broad, comprehensive overview of the fundamental concepts and applications of computerized groundwater modeling. The book covers both finite difference and finite element methods and includes practical sample programs that demonstrate theoretical points described in the text. Each chapter is followed by problems, notes, and references to additional information. This volume will be indispensable to students in introductory groundwater modeling courses as well as to groundwater professionals wishing to gain a complete introduction to this vital subject. Key Features * Systematic exposition of the basic ideas and results of Hilbert space theory and functional analysis * Great variety of applications that are not available in comparable books * Different approach to the Lebesgue integral, which makes the theory easier, more intuitive, and more accessible to undergraduate students

3D-Groundwater Modeling with PMWIN

A Simulation System for Modeling Groundwater Flow and Pollution

Author: Wen-Hsing Chiang,Wolfgang Kinzelbach

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 366205549X

Category: Science

Page: 346

View: 9421

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This book and CD-ROM offer a complete simulation system for modeling groundwater flow and transport processes. The companion full-version software (PMWIN) comes with a professional graphical user-interface, supported models and programs and several other useful modeling tools. Tools include a Presentation Tool, a Result Extractor, a Field Interpolator, a Field Generator, a Water Budget Calculator and a Graphic Viewer. Book and CD-ROM are targeted at novice and experienced groundwater modelers.

Hydrogeology and Groundwater Modeling

Author: Neven Kresic

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 9781566702195

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 480

View: 6383

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Quantitative Solutions in Hydrogeology and Groundwater Modeling addresses and solves a variety of questions and problems from hydrogeological practice. It includes major aspects of quantitative groundwater evaluation, from basic laboratory determination of hydrogeological parameters to complex analytical calculations and modeling for engineering purposes. Groundwater modeling is a strong trend in hydrogeology. Recent years have seen the rapid development of sophisticated and powerful groundwater models, along with a decrease in the use of the more mathematically demanding analytical quantitative solutions. Quantitative Solutions in Hydrogeology and Groundwater Modeling avoids this conflict by explaining both modeling and mathematical solutions in detail.

Field Hydrogeology

A Guide for Site Investigations and Report Preparation, Second Edition

Author: John E. Moore

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 143984125X

Category: Science

Page: 206

View: 2854

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In recent years, the focus in hydrogeologic investigations has expanded to include aquifer sustainability as part of resource evaluations. While there are other books on the subject, Field Hydrogeology: A Guide for Site Investigations and Report Preparation provides the first integrated presentation of the American Society of Testing Materials (ASTM) standards, US Geological Survey (USGS), and US Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) field techniques. It also includes access to a website containing software for designing aquifer tests and aquifer-recharge experiments. Written by an author with more than 50 years of experience in hydrology and geology, this reference treats the subject from a field standpoint. Useful as a field guide or textbook, it contains standard methods for planning and undertaking hydrogeologic investigations. It incorporates case studies, contains a glossary of field-hydrogeology technical terms, and provides a detailed list of ASTM standards and key hydrologic Web sites. The guide is based on ASTM standards as well as EPA and US Department of Interior field technical manuals. The text covers hydrogeologic fundamentals, conceptual models, planning an investigation, surface investigations, subsurface investigations, field inventory, stream flow measurements, water quality measurements, and report preparation. This revised and updated Second Edition also includes new material on the history of hydrogeology, field safety, aquifers, groundwater quality, hydrogeologic maps, and federal regulations. It gives students and seasoned professionals a vast array of clearly written descriptive materials and an extensive source of references available at their fingertips. What’s New in This Second Edition: New chapter on the history of hydrogeology New chapter on groundwater development and management, including US federal regulations and transboundary aquifers New material on field safety, groundwater quality and testing, and construction of hydrogeologic cross section and maps New international case studies New THEIS computer model to design aquifer tests Updated information on latest principles and techniques

Environmental Hydrogeology, Second Edition

Author: Philip E. LaMoreaux,James W. LaMoreaux,Mostafa M. Soliman,Bashir A. Memon,Fakhry A. Assaad

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 142005502X

Category: Science

Page: 375

View: 8480

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Headlines continue to blare news of climate change, tangential catastrophic events, and dwindling energy resources. Written by respected practitioners, and geared to practitioners and students, Environmental Hydrogeology, Second Edition explores the role that hydrogeology can play in solving challenging environmental problems. New in the Second Edition: Coverage of groundwater recharging Exploration of geology of sink hole prone areas A case study of how salt-water springs were drawn down to manageable levels in the Red River Comprehensive Coverage from Trusted Experts The authors provide a complete introduction to the fast-growing and evolving field of environmental hydrogeology and its future. The second edition includes completely updated material and select new case studies. Matching the caliber of coverage found in the previous edition, the authors explore topics such as the geological aspects of disposal sites, surface water hydrogeology, groundwater hydrology and wells, environmental impacts and the hydrological system, and more. They also include types, sources, and properties of waste products, and propose waste management programs for groundwater protection. Explore Applications and Solutions Looming threats such as climate change, water pollution, acid rain, and air pollution extend beyond national boundaries and span the gaps between continents. An in-depth understanding of hydrogeology will be necessary to resolve these problems. Focusing on science rather than the regulations of any particular jurisdiction, the authors explore a variety of solutions and practical applications to issues such as groundwater recharging and protection.

Hydrogeology

Principles and Practice

Author: Kevin M. Hiscock

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1405144505

Category: Science

Page: 408

View: 4224

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Hydrogeology: Principles and Practice provides a comprehensive introduction to the study of hydrogeology and the significance of groundwater in the terrestrial aquatic environment. Earlier chapters explain the fundamental physical and chemical principles of hydrogeology, and later chapters feature groundwater investigation techniques and contaminant hydrogeology. A unique feature of the book is a chapter on the application of environmental isotopes and noble gases in the interpretation of aquifer evolution. The last chapter discusses groundwater resources and environmental management, and examines the role of groundwater in integrated river basin management, including the possible impacts of climate change. Throughout the text, boxes are used to explain special topics and to illustrate international case studies. The appendices provide useful reference material and include review questions and exercises to develop the reader's knowledge and problem-solving skills in hydrogeology. This accessible textbook is essential reading for undergraduate and graduate students in earth and environmental sciences taking a course in hydrogeology or groundwater science. An Instructor manual CD-ROM for this title is available. Please contact our Higher Education team at [email protected] for more information.

Hydraulics of Groundwater

Author: Jacob Bear

Publisher: Courier Corporation

ISBN: 0486136167

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 592

View: 7705

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This text explores the laws governing the flow and storage of groundwater in aquifers and provides all the necessary tools to forecast the behavior of a regional aquifer system. 1979 edition.

Applied Contaminant Transport Modeling

Author: Chunmiao Zheng,Gordon D. Bennett

Publisher: Wiley-Interscience

ISBN: 9780471384779

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 656

View: 951

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The challenges facing groundwater scientists and engineers today demand expertise in a wide variety of disciplines–geology, hydraulics, geochemistry, geophysics, and biology. As the number of the subdisciplines has increased and as each has become more complex and quantitative, the problem of integrating their concepts and contributions into a coherent overall interpretation has become progressively more difficult. To an increasing degree transport simulation has emerged as an answer to this problem, and the transport model has become a vehicle for integrating the vast amount of field data from a variety of sources and for understanding the relationship of various physical, chemical, and biological processes. Applied Contaminant Transport Modeling is the first resource designed to provide coverage of the discipline’s basic principles, including the theories behind solute transport in groundwater, common numerical techniques for solving transport equations, and step-by-step guidance on the development and use of field-scale modeling. The Second Edition incorporates recent advances in contaminant transport theory and simulation techniques, adding the following to the original text: -An expanded discussion of the role of aquifer heterogeneity in controlling solute transport -A new section on the dual-domain mass transfer approach as an alternative to the classical advection-dispersion model -Additional chemical processes and reactions in the discussion of reactive transport -A discussion of the TVD (total-variation-diminishing) approach to transport solution -An entirely new Part III containing two chapters on simulation of flow and transport under variable water density and under variable saturation, respectively, and a third chapter on the use of the simulation-optimization approach in remediation system design Applied Contaminant Transport Modeling, Second Edition remains the premier reference for practicing hydrogeologists, environmental scientists, engineers, and graduate students in the field. In 1998, in recognition of their work on the first edition, the authors were honored with the John Hem Excellence in Science and Engineering Award of the National Ground Water Association

Groundwater in Geologic Processes

Author: Steven E. Ingebritsen,Ward E. Sanford,C. E. Neuzil

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 0521603218

Category: Science

Page: 536

View: 7327

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An extensively revised 2006 second edition of the well received and widely adopted textbook on groundwater.

Contaminant Hydrogeology

Third Edition

Author: C. W. Fetter,Thomas Boving,David Kreamer

Publisher: Waveland Press

ISBN: 1478636505

Category: Science

Page: 647

View: 5014

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Tremendous progress has been made in the field of remediation technologies since the second edition of Contaminant Hydrogeology was published two decades ago, and its content is more important than ever. Recognizing the extensive advancement and research taking place around the world, the authors have embraced and worked from a larger global perspective. Boving and Kreamer incorporate environmental innovation in studying and treating groundwater/soil contamination and the transport of those contaminants while building on Fetter’s original foundational work. Thoroughly updated, expanded, and reorganized, the new edition presents a wealth of new material, including new discussions of emerging and potential contaminant sources and their characteristics like deep well injection, fracking fluids, and in situ leach mining. New sections cover BET and Polanyi adsorption potential theory, vapor transport theory, the introduction of the Capillary and Bond Numbers, the partitioning interwell tracer testing technique for investigating NAPL sites, aerial photographic interpretation, geophysics, immunological surveys, high resolution vertical sampling, flexible liner systems, groundwater tracers, and much more. Contaminant Hydrogeology is intended as a textbook in upper level courses in mass transport and contaminant hydrogeology, and remains a valuable resource for professionals in both the public and private sectors.

Hydrogeological Conceptual Site Models

Data Analysis and Visualization

Author: Neven Kresic,Alex Mikszewski

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 1439852227

Category: Science

Page: 600

View: 6874

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A reference for students, researchers, and environmental professionals, Hydrogeological Conceptual Site Models: Data Analysis and Visualization explains how to develop effective conceptual site models, perform advanced spatial data analysis, and generate informative graphics for applications in hydrogeology and groundwater remediation. Written by expert practitioners, this full-color book illustrates how fundamental hydrogeological concepts are translated into quantitative, high-resolution computer visualizations. In addition, the authors discuss topics not typically covered in conventional textbooks, including GIS technology and the relationship between conceptual site models and environmental policy. Advanced Methods for Data Analysis and Visualization Featuring more than 500 color illustrations, this unique and visually powerful book outlines the required elements of a conceptual site model and provides numerous examples of supporting charts, cross-sections, maps, and 3D graphics. The authors describe advanced analytical methods such as geospatial processing, kriging, and groundwater modeling through practical real-life examples. They also present numerous case studies in groundwater supply and remediation to help explain key engineering design concepts. Data-Driven Assessments of Groundwater Management Policy The authors tackle controversial topics, ranging from technical impracticability of groundwater remediation to sustainable management of groundwater resources. They encourage discussion and independent thought about how current environmental policies and practices can evolve to achieve better outcomes at less cost to society. Practical Strategies for Communicating Your Findings to the General Public While the book is technical in nature, equations and advanced theory are kept to a minimum. The text focuses on practical strategies to help you create easy-to-understand data tables, graphs, maps, and illustrations for technical and nontechnical audiences alike. A companion DVD includes animations, reference material, modeling software, and more.

Introduction to Hydrogeology

Unesco-IHE Delft Lecture Note Series

Author: J.C. Nonner,Johannes Nonner

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 9781439833674

Category: Science

Page: 256

View: 1839

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Providing an introduction to the crucially important topic of groundwater, this text covers all major fields of hydrogeology and includes outlines of the occurrence of groundwater in various rock types, the movement and storage of groundwater, the formulation of groundwater balances, the development of groundwater chemistry, as well as the practical application of hydrogeology for groundwater development. Following a unique systems approach to describe and connect its various elements, the text also explores a large selection of examples of groundwater cases from various parts of the world. In addition, theoretical sections and examples are illustrated with a number of drawings, photos and computer printouts. Suitable for education in hydrogeology at postgraduate and graduate level, the text is also a useful reference tool for professionals and decision-makers involved in water or water-related activities. In the revised paperback edition of Introduction to Hydrogeology (February 2006), suggestions of reviewers, students and collaegues have been taken into account. This means that more attention is paid to the processes in the unsaturated zone, especially those relating to groundwater recharge. Also, in the revised edition, the investigation methods are highlighted in the sections where the related theory is dealt with, and they are not presented in the last chapter on groundwater management. Chapter titles are re-named and some definitions are adjusted. The References and Bibliography section is also extended, some figures are improved, and the unevitable ‘typing errors’ are corrected as well.

Applied Hydrogeology of Fractured Rocks

Author: B.B.S. Singhal †,R.P. Gupta

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 940159208X

Category: Science

Page: 400

View: 4109

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Hydrology is a topical and growing subject, as the earth's water resources become scarcer and more vulnerable. Although more than half the surface area of continents is covered with hard fractured rocks, there has until now been no single book available dealing specifically with fractured rock hydrogeology. This book deals comprehensively with the fundamental principles for understanding these rocks, as well as with exploration techniques and assessment. It also provides in-depth discussion of structural mapping, remote sensing, geophysical exploration, GIS, field hydraulic testing, groundwater quality and contamination, geothermal reservoirs, and resources assessment and management. Hydrogeological aspects of various lithology groups, including crystalline rocks, volcanic rocks, carbonate rocks and clastic formations, are dealt with separately, using and discussing examples from all over the world. Applied Hydrogeology of Fractured Rocks will be an invaluable reference source for postgraduate students, researchers, exploration scientists, and engineers engaged in the field of groundwater development in fractured rock areas.

Physical and chemical hydrogeology

Author: Patrick A. Domenico,Franklin W. Schwartz

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons Inc

ISBN: N.A

Category: Science

Page: 506

View: 7482

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Completely updated, the second edition of this comprehensive volume not only covers all major areas of hydrogeology, it takes a process-oriented, integrated approach so that readers can gain a complete understanding of the relationship between physical and chemical aspects of this subject. Provides a good balance between theory and application and includes new areas such as contaminant hydrogeology. Includes extensive reference list and suggested readings.

Modeling Groundwater Flow and Contaminant Transport

Author: Jacob Bear,Alexander H.-D. Cheng

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 1402066821

Category: Science

Page: 834

View: 5304

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In many parts of the world, groundwater resources are under increasing threat from growing demands, wasteful use, and contamination. To face the challenge, good planning and management practices are needed. A key to the management of groundwater is the ability to model the movement of fluids and contaminants in the subsurface. The purpose of this book is to construct conceptual and mathematical models that can provide the information required for making decisions associated with the management of groundwater resources, and the remediation of contaminated aquifers. The basic approach of this book is to accurately describe the underlying physics of groundwater flow and solute transport in heterogeneous porous media, starting at the microscopic level, and to rigorously derive their mathematical representation at the macroscopic levels. The well-posed, macroscopic mathematical models are formulated for saturated, single phase flow, as well as for unsaturated and multiphase flow, and for the transport of single and multiple chemical species. Numerical models are presented and computer codes are reviewed, as tools for solving the models. The problem of seawater intrusion into coastal aquifers is examined and modeled. The issues of uncertainty in model input data and output are addressed. The book concludes with a chapter on the management of groundwater resources. Although one of the main objectives of this book is to construct mathematical models, the amount of mathematics required is kept minimal.

Introduction to Geostatistics

Applications in Hydrogeology

Author: P. K. Kitanidis

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9780521587471

Category: Science

Page: 249

View: 1520

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Introduction to Geostatistics presents practical techniques for engineers and applied geophysicists who routinely encounter interpolation and estimation problems when analyzing data from field observations. Requiring no background in statistics, and with a unique approach that synthesizes classic and geostatistical methods, this book presents linear estimation methods for practitioners and advanced students. Well illustrated with exercises and worked examples, taken from hydrogeology Introduction to Geostatistics is suitable for graduate-level courses in earth sciences and environmental engineering, and also for self-study.