Hydrogeology and Groundwater Modeling, Second Edition

Author: Neven Kresic

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 9780849333484

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 828

View: 2648

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Coupling the basics of hygrogeology with analytical and numerical modeling methods, Hydrogeology and Groundwater Modeling, Second Edition provides detailed coverage of both theory and practice. Written by a leading hydrogeologist who has consulted for industry and environmental agencies and taught at major universities around the world, this unique book fills a gap in the groundwater hydrogeology literature. With more than 40 real-world examples, the book is a source for clear, easy-to-understand, and step-by-step quantitative groundwater evaluation and contaminant fate and transport analysis, from basic laboratory determination to complex analytical calculations and computer modeling. It provides more than 400 drawings, graphs, and photographs, and a variety of useful tables of all key groundwater parameters, as well as lucid, straightforward answers to common hydrogeological problems. Reflecting nearly ten years of new scholarship since the publication of the bestselling first edition, this second edition is wider in focus with added and updated examples, figures, and problems, yet still provides information in the author's trademark, user-friendly style. No other book offers such carefully selected examples and clear, elegantly explained solutions. The inclusion of step-by-step solutions to real problems builds a knowledge base for understanding and solving groundwater issues.

Hydrogeology and Groundwater Modeling

Author: Neven Kresic

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 9781566702195

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 480

View: 5706

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Quantitative Solutions in Hydrogeology and Groundwater Modeling addresses and solves a variety of questions and problems from hydrogeological practice. It includes major aspects of quantitative groundwater evaluation, from basic laboratory determination of hydrogeological parameters to complex analytical calculations and modeling for engineering purposes. Groundwater modeling is a strong trend in hydrogeology. Recent years have seen the rapid development of sophisticated and powerful groundwater models, along with a decrease in the use of the more mathematically demanding analytical quantitative solutions. Quantitative Solutions in Hydrogeology and Groundwater Modeling avoids this conflict by explaining both modeling and mathematical solutions in detail.

Hydrogeological Conceptual Site Models

Data Analysis and Visualization

Author: Neven Kresic,Alex Mikszewski

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 1439852227

Category: Science

Page: 600

View: 8832

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A reference for students, researchers, and environmental professionals, Hydrogeological Conceptual Site Models: Data Analysis and Visualization explains how to develop effective conceptual site models, perform advanced spatial data analysis, and generate informative graphics for applications in hydrogeology and groundwater remediation. Written by expert practitioners, this full-color book illustrates how fundamental hydrogeological concepts are translated into quantitative, high-resolution computer visualizations. In addition, the authors discuss topics not typically covered in conventional textbooks, including GIS technology and the relationship between conceptual site models and environmental policy. Advanced Methods for Data Analysis and Visualization Featuring more than 500 color illustrations, this unique and visually powerful book outlines the required elements of a conceptual site model and provides numerous examples of supporting charts, cross-sections, maps, and 3D graphics. The authors describe advanced analytical methods such as geospatial processing, kriging, and groundwater modeling through practical real-life examples. They also present numerous case studies in groundwater supply and remediation to help explain key engineering design concepts. Data-Driven Assessments of Groundwater Management Policy The authors tackle controversial topics, ranging from technical impracticability of groundwater remediation to sustainable management of groundwater resources. They encourage discussion and independent thought about how current environmental policies and practices can evolve to achieve better outcomes at less cost to society. Practical Strategies for Communicating Your Findings to the General Public While the book is technical in nature, equations and advanced theory are kept to a minimum. The text focuses on practical strategies to help you create easy-to-understand data tables, graphs, maps, and illustrations for technical and nontechnical audiences alike. A companion DVD includes animations, reference material, modeling software, and more.

Introduction to Groundwater Modeling

Finite Difference and Finite Element Methods

Author: Herbert F. Wang,Mary P. Anderson

Publisher: Academic Press

ISBN: 0080571948

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 237

View: 1987

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The dramatic advances in the efficiency of digital computers during the past decade have provided hydrologists with a powerful tool for numerical modeling of groundwater systems. Introduction to Groundwater Modeling presents a broad, comprehensive overview of the fundamental concepts and applications of computerized groundwater modeling. The book covers both finite difference and finite element methods and includes practical sample programs that demonstrate theoretical points described in the text. Each chapter is followed by problems, notes, and references to additional information. This volume will be indispensable to students in introductory groundwater modeling courses as well as to groundwater professionals wishing to gain a complete introduction to this vital subject. Key Features * Systematic exposition of the basic ideas and results of Hilbert space theory and functional analysis * Great variety of applications that are not available in comparable books * Different approach to the Lebesgue integral, which makes the theory easier, more intuitive, and more accessible to undergraduate students

Applied Groundwater Modeling

Simulation of Flow and Advective Transport

Author: Mary P. Anderson,William W. Woessner

Publisher: Academic Press

ISBN: 0080886949

Category: Science

Page: 381

View: 9494

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Creating numerical groundwater models of field problems requires careful attention to describing the problem domain, selecting boundary conditions, assigning model parameters, and calibrating the model. This unique text describes the science and art of applying numerical models of groundwater flow and advective transport of solutes. Key Features * Explains how to formulate a conceptual model of a system and how to translate it into a numerical model * Includes the application of modeling principles with special attention to the finite difference flow codes PLASM and MODFLOW, and the finite-element code AQUIFEM-1 * Covers model calibration, verification, and validation * Discusses pathline analysis for tracking contaminants with reference to newly developed particle tracking codes * Makes extensive use of case studies and problems

Water in Karst

Management, Vulnerability, and Restoration

Author: Neven Kresic

Publisher: McGraw Hill Professional

ISBN: 0071753346

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 608

View: 6673

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A complete guide to the management and restoration of water in karst environments Written by the co-chair of the Karst Commission of the International Association of Hydrogeologists, this book addresses the unique challenges related to the characterization, management, and protection of karst aquifers, which are present on all continents and numerous oceanic islands. Water in Karst describes karst hydrogeology and hydrology, surface water–groundwater interactions, site investigation, data collection, delineation of drainage areas, groundwater extraction, regulatory issues, and water vulnerability and restoration. Predictive modeling methods and solutions to resource contamination and overexploitation are included. Photos, diagrams, and an eight-page color insert illustrate the concepts presented in this practical, comprehensive reference. WATER IN KARST COVERS: Karst aquifers Flow measurements and analysis Drainage areas in karst General principles of water management Regulations and education Predictive models Floods, droughts, and climate change Groundwater extraction Engineering regulation of karst aquifers and springs Vulnerability of water in karst Restoration of water in karst

Groundwater Hydrology of Springs

Engineering, Theory, Management and Sustainability

Author: Neven Kresic,Zoran Stevanovic

Publisher: Butterworth-Heinemann

ISBN: 9780080949451

Category: Science

Page: 592

View: 8632

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Groundwater Hydrology of Water Resource Series - Water is an essential environmental resource and one that needs to be properly managed. As the world places more emphasis on sustainable water supplies, the demand for expertise in hydrology and water resources continues to increase. This series is intended for professional engineers, who seek a firm foundation in hydrology and an ability to apply this knowledge to solve problems in water resource management. Future books in the series are: Groudwater Hydrology of Springs (2009), Groudwater Hydrology of River Basins (2009), Groudwater Hydrology of Aquifers (2010), and Groudwater Hydrology of Wetlands (2010). First utilized as a primary source of drinking water in the ancient world, springs continue to supply many of the world's cities with water. In recent years their long-term sustainability is under pressure due to an increased demand from groundwater users. Edited by two world-renowned hydrologists, Groundwater Hydrology of Springs: Theory, Management, and Sustainability will provide civil and environmental engineers with a comprehensive reference for managing and sustaining the water quality of Springs. With contributions from experts from around the world, this book cover many of the world's largest springs, providing a unique global perspective on how engineers around the world are utilizing engineering principles for coping with problems such as: mismanagement, overexploitation and their impacts both water quantity and quality. The book will be divided into two parts: part one will explain the theory and principles of hydrology as they apply to Springs while part two will provide a rare look into the engineering practices used to manage some of the most important Springs from around the world. Description of the spring and the aquifer feeding it Latest groundwater and contaminant transport models Description of sources of aquifer use Understanding of contamination and/or possible contamination A plan for management and sustainability

Hydrogeology

Groundwater Science and Engineering

Author: Alain Dassargues

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 0429894406

Category: Science

Page: 472

View: 2854

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This text combines the science and engineering of hydrogeology in an accessible, innovative style. As well as providing physical descriptions and characterisations of hydrogeological processes, it also sets out the corresponding mathematical equations for groundwater flow and solute/heat transport calculations. And, within this, the methodological and conceptual aspects for flow and contaminant transport modelling are discussed in detail. This comprehensive analysis forms the ideal textbook for graduate and undergraduate students interested in groundwater resources and engineering, and indeed its analyses can apply to researchers and professionals involved in the area.

Two- and Three-Dimensional Flow of Groundwater

Author: Florimond De Smedt,Wouter Zijl

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 1351262270

Category: Science

Page: 65

View: 1008

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This monograph is a practical guide to groundwater flow theory intended to serve students and practitioners by bridging the gap between basic hydrogeology and groundwater modeling. It synthesizes the mathematics of groundwater flow and provides information in an easily-accessible format for practicing groundwater professionals, consultants, and students that intend to become skillful and competent groundwater flow modelers.

Modeling Groundwater Flow and Contaminant Transport

Author: Jacob Bear,Alexander H.-D. Cheng

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 1402066821

Category: Science

Page: 834

View: 2507

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In many parts of the world, groundwater resources are under increasing threat from growing demands, wasteful use, and contamination. To face the challenge, good planning and management practices are needed. A key to the management of groundwater is the ability to model the movement of fluids and contaminants in the subsurface. The purpose of this book is to construct conceptual and mathematical models that can provide the information required for making decisions associated with the management of groundwater resources, and the remediation of contaminated aquifers. The basic approach of this book is to accurately describe the underlying physics of groundwater flow and solute transport in heterogeneous porous media, starting at the microscopic level, and to rigorously derive their mathematical representation at the macroscopic levels. The well-posed, macroscopic mathematical models are formulated for saturated, single phase flow, as well as for unsaturated and multiphase flow, and for the transport of single and multiple chemical species. Numerical models are presented and computer codes are reviewed, as tools for solving the models. The problem of seawater intrusion into coastal aquifers is examined and modeled. The issues of uncertainty in model input data and output are addressed. The book concludes with a chapter on the management of groundwater resources. Although one of the main objectives of this book is to construct mathematical models, the amount of mathematics required is kept minimal.

Groundwater Modelling in Arid and Semi-Arid Areas

Author: Howard S. Wheater,Simon A. Mathias,Xin Li

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1139489720

Category: Science

Page: N.A

View: 7601

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Arid and semi-arid regions face major challenges in the management of scarce freshwater resources under pressures of population, economic development, climate change, pollution and over-abstraction. Groundwater is commonly the most important water resource in these areas. Groundwater models are widely used globally to understand groundwater systems and to guide decisions on management. However, the hydrology of arid and semi-arid areas is very different from that of humid regions, and there is little guidance on the special challenges of groundwater modelling for these areas. This book brings together the experience of internationally leading experts to fill a gap in the scientific and technical literature. It introduces state-of-the-art methods for modelling groundwater resources, illustrated with a wide-ranging set of illustrative examples from around the world. The book is valuable for researchers, practitioners in developed and developing countries, and graduate students in hydrology, hydrogeology, water resources management, environmental engineering and geography.

Applied Flow and Solute Transport Modeling in Aquifers

Fundamental Principles and Analytical and Numerical Methods

Author: Vedat Batu

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 1420037471

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 696

View: 7217

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Over recent years, important contributions on the topic of solving various aquifer problems have been presented in numerous papers and reports. The scattered and wide-ranging nature of this information has made finding solutions and best practices difficult. Comprehensive and self-contained, Applied Flow and Solute Transport Modeling in Aquifers compiles the scattered literature on the topic into a single-source reference of the most up-to-date information in the field. Based on Dr. Batu's 20 years of practical experience tackling aquifer problems in a myriad of settings, the book addresses essentially all currently applied aquifer flow and contaminant transport solutions, combines theory with practical applications, covers both analytical and numerical solutions, and includes solutions to real world contaminant transport modeling scenarios. Batu approaches the subject from the practicing consultant's point of view and elucidates the difficulties real world professionals have faced in solving aquifer flow and contamination problems. The author simplifies the necessary theoretical background as much as possible and provides all derivational details of the theoretical background as worked examples. He uses this method to explore how the derivations were generated for those who need to know while allowing others to easily skip them and still benefit and learn from the practical applications of the mathematical approaches. Containing 51 tables and 323 figures, the book covers both the breadth and the depth of currently applied aquifer flow and contaminant transport modeling solutions.

Groundwater Science

Author: Charles Richard Fitts

Publisher: Academic Press

ISBN: 0123847052

Category: Science

Page: 672

View: 3109

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Groundwater Science, 2E, covers groundwater's role in the hydrologic cycle and in water supply, contamination, and construction issues. It is a valuable resource for students and instructors in the geosciences (with focuses in hydrology, hydrogeology, and environmental science), and as a reference work for professional researchers. This interdisciplinary text weaves important methods and applications from the disciplines of physics, chemistry, mathematics, geology, biology, and environmental science, introducing you to the mathematical modeling and contaminant flow of groundwater. New to the Second Edition: * New chapter on subsurface heat flow and geothermal systems * Expanded content on well construction and design, surface water hydrology, groundwater/ surface water interaction, slug tests, pumping tests, and mounding analysis. * Updated discussions of groundwater modeling, calibration, parameter estimation, and uncertainty * Free software tools for slug test analysis, pumping test analysis, and aquifer modeling * Lists of key terms and chapter contents at the start of each chapter * Expanded end-of-chapter problems, including more conceptual questions * Two-color figures * Homework problems at the end of each chapter and worked examples throughout * Companion website with videos of field exploration and contaminant migration experiments, PDF files of USGS reports, and data files for homework problems * PowerPoint slides and solution manual for adopting faculty

Analytical Modeling of Solute Transport in Groundwater

Using Models to Understand the Effect of Natural Processes on Contaminant Fate and Transport

Author: Mark Goltz,Junqi Huang

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 0470242345

Category: Science

Page: 272

View: 7028

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Modeling -- Contaminant transport modeling -- Analytical solutions to 1-D equations -- Analytical solutions to 3-D equations -- Method of moments -- Application of analytical models to gain insight into transport behavior

Inverse Problems in Groundwater Modeling

Author: Ne-Zheng Sun

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9401719705

Category: Science

Page: 338

View: 3290

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... A diskette with the updated programme of Appendix C and examples is available through the author at a small fee. email: [email protected] fax: 1--310--825--5435 ... This book systematically discusses basic concepts, theory, solution methods and applications of inverse problems in groundwater modeling. It is the first book devoted to this subject. The inverse problem is defined and solved in both deterministic and statistic frameworks. Various direct and indirect methods are discussed and compared. As a useful tool, the adjoint state method and its applications are given in detail. For a stochastic field, the maximum likelihood estimation and co-kriging techniques are used to estimate unknown parameters. The ill-posed problem of inverse solution is highlighted through the whole book. The importance of data collection strategy is specially emphasized. Besides the classical design criteria, the relationships between decision making, prediction, parameter identification and experimental design are considered from the point of view of extended identifiabilities. The problem of model structure identification is also considered. This book can be used as a textbook for graduate students majoring in hydrogeology or related subjects. It is also a reference book for hydrogeologists, petroleum engineers, environmental engineers, mining engineers and applied mathematicians.

Groundwater Hydrology

Conceptual and Computational Models

Author: K. R. Rushton

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 0470871652

Category: Science

Page: 430

View: 6204

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Groundwater is a vital source of water throughout the world. As the number of groundwater investigations increase, it is important to understand how to develop comprehensive quantified conceptual models and appreciate the basis of analytical solutions or numerical methods of modelling groundwater flow. Groundwater Hydrology: Conceptual and Computational Models describes advances in both conceptual and numerical modelling. It gives insights into the interpretation of field information, the development of conceptual models, the use of computational models based on analytical and numerical techniques, the assessment of the adequacy of models, and the use of computational models for predictive purposes. It focuses on the study of groundwater flow problems and a thorough analysis of real practical field case studies. It is divided into three parts: * Part I deals with the basic principles, including a summary of mathematical descriptions of groundwater flow, recharge estimation using soil moisture balance techniques, and extensive studies of groundwater-surface water interactions. * Part II focuses on the concepts and methods of analysis for radial flow to boreholes including topics such as large diameter wells, multi-layered aquifer systems, aquitard storage and the prediction of long-term yield. * Part III examines regional groundwater flow including situations when vertical flows are important or transmissivities change with saturated depth. Suitable for practising engineers, hydrogeologists, researchers in groundwater and irrigation, mathematical modellers, groundwater scientists, and water resource specialists. Appropriate for upper level undergraduates and MSc students in Departments of Civil Engineering, Environmental Engineering, Earth Science and Physical Geography. It would also be useful for hydrologists, civil engineers, physical geographers, agricultural engineers, consultancy firms involved in water resource projects, and overseas development workers.

Analytic Element Modeling of Groundwater Flow

Author: H. M. Haitjema

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 9780080499109

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 394

View: 8649

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Modeling has become an essential tool for the groundwater hydrologist. Where field data is limited, the analytic element method (AEM) is rapidly becoming the modeling method of choice, especially given the availability of affordable modeling software. Analytic Element Modeling of Groundwater Flow provides all the basics necessary to approach AEM successfully, including a presentation of fundamental concepts and a thorough introduction to Dupuit-Forchheimerflow. This book is unique in its emphasis on the actual use of analytic element models. Real-world examples complement material presented in the text. An educational version of the analytic element program GFLOW is included to allow the reader to reproduce the various solutions to groundwater flow problems discussed in the text. Researchers and graduate students in groundwater hydrology, geology, andengineering will find this book an indispensable resource. * * Provides a fundamental introduction to the use of the analytic element method. * Offers a step-by-step approach to groundwater flow modeling. * Includes an educational version of the GFLOW modeling software.

Groundwater Modelling

An Introduction with Sample Programs in BASIC

Author: W. Kinzelbach

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 9780080870168

Category: Computers

Page: 332

View: 2743

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With the growing concern about groundwater resources both with respect to quantity and quality, the need for groundwater modelling tools is increasing. Although there are a number of excellent introductions to the concepts of groundwater flow and pollution transport, the student or practising engineer wishing to develop a model and do practical work on the computer finds that there is still a gap between the understanding of concepts and the ability to handle the actual computations. A great deal of groundwater modelling software for personal computers and microcomputers has appeared recently, but taking these models from the shelf and applying them without a background on their capabilities often leads to disappointment and frustration. This book provides the reader with all necessary details to start modelling on his own. It gives a comprehensive introduction to the major techniques currently used in the modelling of groundwater flow and pollutant transport in groundwater. Both self-contained and comprehensive, it presents a wide variety of methods currently applied in the management, protection, and remediation of groundwater resources, which allows the reader to take the step from understanding the concepts to the ability to handle actual computations. All major techniques are illustrated by a total of 19 sample programs in BASIC which can be modified by the reader to suit his own need. The programs can be run directly on an Apple II+ or compatible personal computer, and with slight modifications, most can be transferred to other microcomputers with BASIC capability and at least 48K of central memory. The necessary modifications for running the programs on an IBM-PC are indicated in the appendix. Students and professionals in the fields of hydrogeology and civil and environmental engineering will find this to be an extremely useful book. Knowledge of the basic concepts of hydrogeology is assumed and, starting from that basis, the book will enable them to understand mathematical groundwater models and write computer programs of their own.

Groundwater Resources Modelling

A Case Study from the UK

Author: M. G. Shepley

Publisher: Geological Society of London

ISBN: 9781862393448

Category: Science

Page: 378

View: 2829

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The UK is a country with over 150 years of widespread exploitation of its principal aquifers for public water supply. Increasing demands, greater awareness of environmental pressures and more exacting legislation has heightened the need for quantitative models to predict the impacts of groundwater use. In the UK this has culminated in a unique national, regulator-led programme for England and Wales to develop conceptual and numerical models of the principal bedrock aquifers. The outcomes of this programme will be of interest to the international hydrogeological community, particularly as international legislation such as the European Water Framework Directive requires management of water issues across administrative boundaries with a varied cast of stakeholders. The collection of papers provides a contrast between practitioner- and research-based approaches to assess and predict the anthropogenic impacts and environmental pressures.

Environmental Hydrogeology, Second Edition

Author: Philip E. LaMoreaux,James W. LaMoreaux,Mostafa M. Soliman,Bashir A. Memon,Fakhry A. Assaad

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 142005502X

Category: Science

Page: 375

View: 9301

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Headlines continue to blare news of climate change, tangential catastrophic events, and dwindling energy resources. Written by respected practitioners, and geared to practitioners and students, Environmental Hydrogeology, Second Edition explores the role that hydrogeology can play in solving challenging environmental problems. New in the Second Edition: Coverage of groundwater recharging Exploration of geology of sink hole prone areas A case study of how salt-water springs were drawn down to manageable levels in the Red River Comprehensive Coverage from Trusted Experts The authors provide a complete introduction to the fast-growing and evolving field of environmental hydrogeology and its future. The second edition includes completely updated material and select new case studies. Matching the caliber of coverage found in the previous edition, the authors explore topics such as the geological aspects of disposal sites, surface water hydrogeology, groundwater hydrology and wells, environmental impacts and the hydrological system, and more. They also include types, sources, and properties of waste products, and propose waste management programs for groundwater protection. Explore Applications and Solutions Looming threats such as climate change, water pollution, acid rain, and air pollution extend beyond national boundaries and span the gaps between continents. An in-depth understanding of hydrogeology will be necessary to resolve these problems. Focusing on science rather than the regulations of any particular jurisdiction, the authors explore a variety of solutions and practical applications to issues such as groundwater recharging and protection.