Hydrogeology in Practice

A Guide to Characterizing Ground-water Systems

Author: William Jay Stone

Publisher: Pearson College Division

ISBN: 9780138991548

Category: Science

Page: 248

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This quick-reference guide explains how to conduct sound hydrogeologic studies and prepare solid hydrogeologic reports. The emphasis is on ground water, but pertinent surface-water and soil-water topics are covered briefly as well. It uses figures, tables and case-histories illustrate and summarize main points and to relate them to actual problems. Discusses what geologic and hydrologic data are needed, where to get them and how to compile/present them. Tells what to do with geologic information once it is compiled, focusing on three major categories -- stratigraphy, structure and geomorphology. Addresses what do with hydrologic information once it is compiled --focusing on surface, soil and ground water. Discusses the need for, and make-up of, a sound working model of the hydrogeology of a study area. Reviews the basic components of a hydrogeologic report, outlines a proven approach to any writing task, and provides tips on avoiding common mistakes. Shows how the data gathering, analysis, and report writing apply to specific types of hydrogeologic studies, including case histories, e.g., water supply, ground-water contamination, hydrologic monitoring, mining, ground-water modeling. For hydrogeologists, hydrologists, environmental engineers, environmental scientists, civil engineers, geologists.

Hydrology in Practice

Author: Elizabeth Shaw

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 1482268388

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 592

View: 5522

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This introduction to hydrology is essentially practical, emphasising the application of hydrological knowledge to the solution of engineering problems.

Hydrology in Practice, Fourth Edition

Author: Elizabeth M. Shaw,Keith J. Beven,Nick A. Chappell,Rob Lamb

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 1351991310

Category: Architecture

Page: 546

View: 3479

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Hydrology in Practice is an excellent and very successful introductory text for engineering hydrology students who go on to be practitioners in consultancies, the Environment Agency, and elsewhere. This fourth edition of Hydrology in Practice, while retaining all that is excellent about its predecessor, by Elizabeth M. Shaw, replaces the material on the Flood Studies Report with an equivalent section on the methods of the Flood Estimation Handbook and its revisions. Other completely revised sections on instrumentation and modelling reflect the many changes that have occurred over recent years. The updated text has taken advantage of the extensive practical experience of the staff of JBA Consulting who use the methods described on a day-to-day basis. Topical case studies further enhance the text and the way in which students at undergraduate and MSc level can relate to it. The fourth edition will also have a wider appeal outside the UK by including new material on hydrological processes, which also relate to courses in geography and environmental science departments. In this respect the book draws on the expertise of Keith J. Beven and Nick A. Chappell, who have extensive experience of field hydrological studies in a variety of different environments, and have taught undergraduate hydrology courses for many years. Second- and final-year undergraduate (and MSc) students of hydrology in engineering, environmental science, and geography departments across the globe, as well as professionals in environmental protection agencies and consultancies, will find this book invaluable. It is likely to be the course text for every undergraduate/MSc hydrology course in the UK and in many cases overseas too.

Applied Geophysics in Hydrogeological and Engineering Practice

Author: W.E. Kelly,S. Mareš

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 9780080870359

Category: Science

Page: 288

View: 3130

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Engineering geology and hydrogeology are applied sciences which utilize other applied sciences such as geophysics to solve practical problems. The book is written in the monograph format with seven chapters. The first chapter introduces the engineering and hydrogeological tasks to be discussed in the book. Relations between the physical, geomechanical and hydrogeological parameters are discussed in chapters three and five. Methods for field measurements and interpretation of field data are discussed in chapters four and six. Some special methods not routinely used in current practice are discussed in chapter seven. To illustrate and analyze the various applications, the authors have drawn from the extensive literature including many studies not previously described in english texts. Theoretical analyzes are supplemented by numerous examples. This book is addressed to university students of geology especially engineering geology and hydrogeology, geophysics and earth sciences, and post graduate, reseachers, and practising engineering geologists, geotechnical engineers, and hydrogeologists.

Hydrogeology

Principles and Practice

Author: Kevin M. Hiscock,Victor F. Bense

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1118738705

Category: Science

Page: 552

View: 6367

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Hydrogeology: Principles and Practice provides a comprehensive introduction to the study of hydrogeology to enable the reader to appreciate the significance of groundwater in meeting current and future water resource challenges. This new edition has been thoroughly updated to reflect advances in the field since 2004. The book presents a systematic approach to understanding groundwater. Earlier chapters explain the fundamental physical and chemical principles of hydrogeology, and later chapters feature groundwater investigation techniques in the context of catchment processes, as well as chapters on groundwater quality and contaminant hydrogeology. Unique features of the book are chapters on the applications of environmental isotopes and noble gases in the interpretation of aquifer evolution, and on regional characteristics such as topography, compaction and variable fluid density in the explanation of geological processes affecting past, present and future groundwater flow regimes. The last chapter discusses groundwater resources and environmental management, and examines the role of groundwater in integrated river basin management, including an assessment of possible adaptation responses to the impacts of climate change. Throughout the text, boxes and a set of colour plates drawn from the authors’ teaching and research experience are used to explain special topics and to illustrate international case studies ranging from transboundary aquifers and submarine groundwater discharge to the over-pressuring of groundwater in sedimentary basins. The appendices provide conversion tables and useful reference material, and include review questions and exercises, with answers, to help develop the reader’s knowledge and problem-solving skills in hydrogeology. This accessible textbook is essential reading for undergraduate and graduate students primarily in earth sciences, environmental sciences and physical geography with an interest in hydrogeology or groundwater science. The book will also find use among practitioners in hydrogeology, soil science, civil engineering and planning who are involved in environmental and resource protection issues requiring an understanding of groundwater. Additional resources can be found at: www.wiley.com/go/hiscock/hydrogeology

HYDROGEOLOGY: PROBLEMS WITH SOLUTIONS

Author: NANDIPATI SUBBA RAO

Publisher: PHI Learning Pvt. Ltd.

ISBN: 8120352785

Category: Science

Page: 280

View: 3652

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Numerical calculations are inevitably required in the field of hydrogeology and play a significant role in dealing with its various aspects. As often as not, students are seen struggling while solving numerical problems based on hydrogeology, as they find difficulty in identifying the correct concept behind the problem and the formula that can be applied to it. Also, there is a dearth of books, which help the readers in solving numerical problems of varied difficulty level and enable them to have a firm grounding in the subject of hydrogeology. The book Hydrogeology: Problems with Solutions fills this void in the finest way, and as desired, chiefly focuses on the sequential steps involved in solving the problems based on hydrogeology. It concisely covers the fundamental concepts, advanced principles and applications of hydrogeological tasks rather than overemphasising the theoretical aspects. The text comprises sixty solved hydrogeological problems, which are logically organised into ten chapters, including hydrological cycle, morphometric analysis, hydrological properties, groundwater flow, well hydraulics, well design and construction, groundwater management, seawater intrusion, groundwater exploration and groundwater quality. The practice of pedagogy of hydrogeology in yesteryears was a two-tier approach of theoretical principles with toy problems and in-situ case studies for research start-up. This book bridges the gap between routine problem-solving and state-of-the-practice for future. The book is primarily intended for the undergraduate and postgraduate students of Earth Sciences, Civil Engineering, Water Resources Engineering, Hydrogeology and Hydrology. It also serves as an excellent handy reference for all professionals.KEY FEATURES • Key Concept succinctly explores the models, methods and theoretical concepts related to each problem. • Necessary equations and formulae are specified. • Appendices and Glossary are included, leaving no scope to refer any other book. • Bibliography broadens the scope of the book.

Tracers and Modelling in Hydrogeology

TraM'2000 ; Proceedings of TraM'2000, the International Conference on Tracers and Modelling in Hydrogeology Held at Liège, Belgium, in May 2000

Author: Alain Dassargues

Publisher: IAHS Press

ISBN: 9781901502213

Category: Groundwater flow

Page: 571

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Introducing Groundwater

Author: Price, Michael (Senior Lecturer in Hydrogeology, University of Reading)

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1134982739

Category: Science

Page: 296

View: 9870

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Presented in a style intended for the non-specialist reader, with technical terms and mathematical formulae kept to a minimum, the second edition of this introduction to groundwater covers a range of topics as they relate to hydrogeology. A major new chapter focuses on pollution.

Groundwater Contamination: Use of Models in Decision-Making

Proceedings of the International Conference on Groundwater Contamination: Use of Models in Decision-Making, Amsterdam, The Netherlands, 26–29 October 1987, Organized by the International Ground Water Modeling Center (IGWMC), Indianapolis — Delft

Author: G. Jousma,Jacob Bear,Y.Y. Haimes,F. Walter

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9400923015

Category: Science

Page: 656

View: 2136

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The protection of groundwater resources has emerged in recent years as a high priority topic on the agenda of many countries. In responding to the growing concern over deteriorating groundwater quality, many countries are developing a comprehensive regulatory framework for the management of subsurface water resources with management referring to both quantity and quality aspects. Within this framework, groundwater models are rapidly coming to playa central role in the development of protection and rehabilitation strategies. These models provide forecasts of the future state of the groundwater aquifer systems and/or the unsaturated zone in response to proposed management initiatives. For example, models will predict the effects of implementing a proposed management scheme on water levels and on the transport and fate of pollutants. The models are now used in the formulation of policies and regulations, the issuing of permits, design of monitoring and data collection systems, and the development of enforcement actions. The growth in the use of these sophisticated tools has led to many unforeseen problems in groundwater management. Lingering issues include reliability of codes, quality assurance in model development and applications, efficient utiliza tion of human and material resources, technology transfer and training. Some issues have legal ramifications, as in cases where the applications of models have been contested in courts.

H2Karst Research in Limestone Hydrogeology

Author: Jacques Mudry,Francois Zwahlen,Catherine Bertrand,James W. LaMoreaux

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 3319061399

Category: Science

Page: 184

View: 9133

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Chapters in this book are contributions from the 9th Conference on limestone hydrogeology, organized in Besançon in September 2011 selected by the scientific committee of H2Karst.The book presents latest results on in the field of groundwater flow and storage within the different subsystems of karst aquifers; insights into the complex interaction between groundwater and surface water in karst areas by a multidisciplinary approach; current knowledge on contamination problems and contaminant transport in karst aquifers as well as an overview of karst hydrogeology in different contexts around the world.

Groundwater Vulnerability Assessment and Mapping

IAH-Selected Papers

Author: Andrzej J. Witkowski,Andrzej Kowalczyk,Jaroslav Vrba

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 020393458X

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 260

View: 6071

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This volume presents the contemporary issues surrounding groundwater pollution risk assessment and the application of vulnerability and risk assessment maps for the effective protection and management of aquifers. Numerous new and improved approaches to intrinsic and specific vulnerability assessment (modified DRASTIC, GOD, VULK, VURAAS) are described, some coupled with geophysical and hydrological surveys and hydrodynamic and transport modelling. Widespread use is made of GIS format.

Hydrogeology

Principles and Practice

Author: Petre Kozel

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9781681171524

Category:

Page: 314

View: 5253

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Hydrogeology is the area of geology that deals with the distribution and movement of groundwater in the soil and rocks of the Earth's crust Hydrogeology is a branch of the earth sciences dealing with the flow of water through aquifers and other shallow porous media. The very shallow flow of water in the subsurface is pertinent to the fields of soil science, agriculture and civil engineering, as well as to hydrogeology. Hydrogeology looks at how water interacts with geological systems. But there is more to hydrogeology than wet rocks. Water is a vital natural resource for people all around the world - whether it is piped to homes or drawn out of wells. Understanding where it is and how it moves under the ground is essential in protecting this resource. Hydrogeologists study the distribution, flow and quality of water underground. This involves interpreting technical data and information from maps and historical documents to build a conceptual model of groundwater flow and quality; designing and completing an investigation, which may include environmental measurement and sampling or an ongoing monitoring regime, in order to confirm or develop the model; using modelling techniques to enable predictions to be made about future trends and impacts on groundwater flow and quality. Some parts of the world are blessed with frequent rainfall and plentiful surface water resources, but most countries need to use the water that is stored underground to supplement their needs. Hydrogeologists can help by locating suitable reserves and by assessing how much water it is possible to extract without permanently damaging underground aquifers or surrounding ecosystems. By looking at the way that groundwater flows, hydrogeologists can also identify when it is at risk from pollution and how we can protect it by careful planning and land-use. Without the knowledge that hydrogeology gives us we have no way of predicting what will happen to our water resources or the future effects on the environment of water extraction. This book ephasizes on understanding of hydrogeology; to describe wide-reaching progress in hydrogeology; and a reference tool for, researchers, engineers, scientists, and practitioners in developing and industrialized countries.

Encyclopedic Dictionary of Hydrogeology

Author: D. J. Poehls,Gregory J. Smith

Publisher: Academic Press

ISBN: 9780080925271

Category: Science

Page: 528

View: 2872

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The scientific disciplines of hydrology and hydrogeology are expanding as the Earth's water is being recognized by governments and individuals as a shrinking resource—no entity can afford to take water for granted. At the present time, there is no single reference source for definitions. The Encyclopedic Dictionary of Hydrogeology is a practical, comprehensive reference guide with complete definitions of terms in hydrogeology and other fields closely related to water practices. This concise reference not only defines terms and concepts, but also provides a clear explanation of key elements so that an in-depth understanding of processes may be obtained. * With more than 2,000 entries, from "absolute permeability" to the "Z-R relationship", this dictionary features the most up-to-date vocabulary in hydrology and hydrogeology. This dictionary would be of use to practicing scientists and professionals in all the fields of water science. * More than 340 graphs, tables and diagrams complement the entries in order to clarify terms, methods, or processes * Essential reference for students, academics, consultants, and practitioners in hydrology, hydrogeology, environmental engineering, environmental law, and the government

Applied Hydrogeology for Scientists and Engineers

Author: Zekai Sen

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 9781566700917

Category: Science

Page: 464

View: 5522

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In order to properly plan, design, and operate groundwater resources projects, it is necessary to measure - over time or distance - pertinent groundwater variables such as drawdown and discharge in the field. Applied Hydrogeology for Scientists and Engineers shows how to assess and interpret these data by subsurface geological setup and processing. The book helps readers estimate relevant groundwater parameters such as storativity, transmissivity, and leakage coefficient. The text addresses many interrelated disciplines such as geology, hydrology, hydrogeology, engineering, petroleum geology, and water engineering. Traditional and current models for application are presented. One of the unique features of the book is the inclusion of new and previously unpublished ideas, concepts, techniques, approaches, and procedures developed by the author. Among these are hydrogeophysical concepts, slope matching techniques, volumetric approach solution for complicated groundwater flows, non-Darcian flow law applications, aquifer sample functions, dimensionless-type straight line methods, non-linear flow-type curves, discharge calculations from early time-drawdown data, storage coefficient estimation procedure for quasi-steady state flow, and much more. The pitfalls in aquifer test analysis are also detailed. Fractured medium flow adds yet another dimension to the book. Each method is supplemented by actual field data applications from worldwide case studies. Applied Hydrogeology for Scientists and Engineers covers the topics of groundwater reservoirs, the evaluation of aquifer parameters, aquifer and flow properties, flow properties and bore hole tests, aquifer tests in porous and fractured media, well hydraulics, groundwater flow and aquifer tests, and field measurements and their interpretations. This new reference also works well as a post-graduate textbook on the subject. Applied Hydrogeology for Scientists and Engineers expands the reader's knowledge by providing valuable information not found in any other publication.