Hydrogeology Laboratory Manual

Author: Keenan Lee,Charles Willard Fetter,John E. McCray

Publisher: Prentice Hall

ISBN: 9780130465498

Category: Science

Page: 151

View: 7522

This lab manual features a hands-on approach to learning about the physical and chemical processes that govern groundwater flow and contaminant movement in the subsurface. It will aid users in developing a deeper understanding and appreciation for the science and art of hydrogeology. Twenty-one lab exercises provide practical material that explore regional aquifer studies, slug tests, and the use of tracers to determine aquifer and contaminant parameters and modeling retardation, biodegradation, and aquifer heterogeneity, and much more. For individuals interested in the study of hydrogeology.

Basic Hydrogeologic Methods

A Field and Laboratory Manual with Microcomputer Applications

Author: Frank Fletcher

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 9781566764001

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 310

View: 8823

FROM THE PREFACE The approach of this book is "how-to-do and hands-on." Its purpose is to provide clear, step-by-step instruction in many of the fundamental methods of hydrogeologic investigation. These methods include both 1) the traditional techniques of data analysis, such as mathematical computation by electronic calculator and construction of graphs by hand-plotting, and 2) microcomputer techniques employing electronic spreadsheets, graphing and gridding and contouring software. The microcomputer methods employ commercial software such as Lotus 1-2-3. Microsoft Excel, Quattro-Pro, Golden Software's Grapher and Surfer, and Geraghty and Miller's AQTESOLV. Although familiarity with any of the applications is helpful, the instructions in this manual assume no prior experience with them. Basic Hydrogeologic Methods is divided into three sections: Groundwater Occurrence and Movement, Groundwater Investigations, and Well and Aquifer Hydraulics. Each section begins with a brief summary of relevant terminology and principles. This introductory chapter is followed by a case study, which may be employed to provide a practical context for the hydrogeological methods that are described in subsequent chapters. Most of the methodological exercises culminate in an analytical product, such as data table, graph, contour map, etc., which readily serve as a focus for problem-solving activities, classroom discussions, and investigative reports. Many of the exercises present at least two investigative methods for accomplishing a particular hydrogeologic task. For example, time-drawdown graphs may be produced by a hand-plotting method or by a microcomputer method. For the professional scientist, the choice of a particular method might depend on such factors as the time available to carry out the task, the degree of accuracy required, or the availability of assessory equipment and materials. The introductory student can work through a more fundamental method (e.g., hand-plotting) before advancing to a microcomputer method (e.g., spreadsheet and graphing).

Hydrogeologische Gelände- und Kartiermethoden

Author: Wilhelm G. Coldewey,Patricia Göbel

Publisher: Springer-Verlag

ISBN: 3827427282

Category: Science

Page: 221

View: 6980

Gelände- und Kartierarbeiten stellen die wichtigsten Grundlagen für die Bearbeitung hydrogeologischer Fragestellungen dar. Hierbei sind alle im Gelände und beim Kartieren beobachteten Details und deren Deutung im Hinblick auf das Grundwasser und die hydrogeologischen Prozesse zu dokumentieren, um sie als Basis späterer Aussagen, etwa in Gutachten, Berichten und Veröffentlichungen, zu nutzen. Der Inhalt dieses Buches basiert auf den Kenntnissen von Wilhelm Coldewey im Bereich der Consulting-Tätigkeit, der hydrogeologischen Kartierung und der Kartenerstellung. Insbesondere sind seine Erfahrungen eingeflossen, die er bei der Erstellung des Hydrologischen Kartenwerkes des Rheinisch-Westfälischen Steinkohlenbezirksgewonnen hat. Patricia Göbel bringt ihre umfangreichen Erfahrungen aus den Bereichen der Gelände- und Laboruntersuchungen im Rahmen der studentischen Ausbildung und der Erwachsenen-Weiterbildung ein. Das Buch stellt eine Einführung für Studierende der Geowissenschaften und der Hydrologie und eine Vertiefung für Fachleute der Geowissenschaften und der Wasserversorgung dar. Bei der Abfassung der Texte und der Gestaltung der Abbildungen haben die Autoren darauf geachtet, auch für fachfremde Leser verständlich zu schreiben. Bei den verschiedenen Messverfahren beschreiben sie bewusst auch einfache Methoden, welche die Kosten für die Geländeuntersuchungen gering halten und Messungen auch unter einfachsten Bedingungen, z.B. in Entwicklungsländern, ermöglichen.

Watershed Hydrology, Second Edition

Author: Peter E. Black

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 9781575040271

Category: Science

Page: 460

View: 5670

An comprehensive working reference, Watershed Hydrology begins with an overview of the hydrologic cycle and examines the basic concepts of storage in that cycle. The well-organized chapters cover topics such as: water and energy, storage of water in the atmosphere, water in the vegetative zone, water in the terrasphere (soil), water in the hydrosphere, and watershed management.

Forest Hydrology

An Introduction to Water and Forests, Second Edition

Author: Mingteh Chang

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 9780849353321

Category: Science

Page: 488

View: 4348

Although a few texts on forest hydrology are available, they cover very little, if any, background on water resources. On the other hand, books dealing with water resources do not cover topics on forest-water relations. The one exception to this is Forest Hydrology: An Introduction to Water and Forests. Now with the publication of a revised edition, this volume adds information from recent studies to go even further in providing an introduction to forest hydrology that brings water resources and forest-water relations into a single practical and comprehensive volume Focusing on processes and general principles, the first six chapters provide an introduction and basic background in water and water resources, while the last seven chapters look at the impact of forests on water. Between these two groupings is a chapter that serves as an entry to the study of forest impacts on water resources, describing forests and forest characteristics important to water circulation, sediment movement, and stream habitat. This second edition also features new information on forests and flooding, forest and stream habitat, snow vaporization processes, and GIS methods in hydrology research, examples on evaporation estimates, and a new appendix on forest interception measurements. Employing examples and case studies, the book provides tools to help natural resource managers play an active role in policymaking and land-use planning, and in developing partnerships with stakeholders. It also offers unique perspectives for addressing urban sprawl.

A Manual of Field Hydrogeology

Author: Laura L. Sanders

Publisher: N.A


Category: Science

Page: 381

View: 8610

Designed to bridge the gap between books on the theoretical principles of hydrogeology (that define but don't describe actual practices) and professional applications-oriented publications. This field-oriented book/manual provides background information on the WHYs of field work as well as step-by-step procedures for the WHATs and HOWs of specific field tests. It provides readers who already have a basic familiarity with introductory hydrogeology with hands-on practice in actual hydrogeologic field methods and activities.

Faculty of Forestry Miscellaneous Publication

Author: Donald H. Bickelhaupt,Douglas B. Monteith,Ernest Morton Gould,Glenn Sandiford,Peter E. Black,Francis Ulzen-Appiah,Edwin Henry White

Publisher: N.A


Category: Agricultural conservation

Page: 60

View: 2329



Author: R. V. RAIKAR

Publisher: PHI Learning Pvt. Ltd.

ISBN: 8120346645

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 224

View: 1094

This manual presents 31 laboratory-tested experiments in hydraulics and hydraulic machines. This manual is organized into two parts. The first part equips the student with the basics of fluid properties, flow properties, various flow measuring devices and fundamentals of hydraulic machines. The second part presents experiments to help students understand the basic concepts, the phenomenon of flow through pipes and flow through open channels, and the working principles of hydraulic machines. For each experiment, the apparatus required for conducting the experiment, the probable experimental set-up, the theory behind the experiment, the experimental procedure, and the method of presenting the experimental data are all explained. Viva questions (with answers) are also given. In addition, the errors arising during recording of observations, and various precautions to be taken during experimentation are explained with each experiment. The manualis primarily designed for the undergraduate degree students and diploma students of civil engineering, mechanical engineering and chemical engineering.

Environmental and Hydraulic Engineering Laboratory Manual

Author: Gang Chen,Simeng Youneng

Publisher: J. Ross Publishing

ISBN: 9781604271379


Page: 100

View: 4761

This laboratory manual is comprised of 14 laboratory experiments, covering topics of water quality, water treatment, groundwater hydrology, liquid static force, pipe flow, and open channel flow. These experiments are organized with a very logical flow to cover the related topics of environmental and hydraulics engineering within university-level courses. This state-of-the-art manual is divided into two sections--environmental engineering experiments and hydraulic engineering experiments--with seven experiments for each section. It provides the basic hands-on training for junior-year civil and environmental engineering students. In each experiment, fundamental theories in the topic area are revisited and mathematic equations are presented to guide practical applications of these theories. Tables, figures, graphs, and schematic illustrations are incorporated into the context to give a better understanding of concept development, experimental design, and data collection and recording. Each experiment ends with discussion topics and questions to help students better understand the content of the experiment. This manual mainly serves as a textbook for an environmental and hydraulics engineering laboratory course. Professionals and water/wastewater treatment plant managers may also find this manual of value for their daily jobs. In addition, students in related areas can use this manual as a reference and the general public may use it to educate themselves on water quality testing and water flow.

Drinking Water Chemistry

A Laboratory Manual

Author: Barbara Hauser

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 9781566704861

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 214

View: 6423

Whether you are a new employee or seasoned professional you need easy access to the latest test methods, updated quality control procedures, and calculations at your fingertips. You need to perform analyses quickly and easily and troubleshoot problems as they arise. You need a resource that is not only informative, but also practical and easy to use. Drinking Water Chemistry: A Laboratory Manual fills this need. The book gives you a thorough overview of the most basic, and therefore important, laboratory topics such as: Laboratory Safety - dos and don'ts based on real experience Sampling - preservation techniques, online sampling, and record keeping Laboratory Instruments - practical use ranges, principles of operation, calibration, conditioning, useful life and replacement, common quality control issues Chemical Use - reagents, standards, indicators, purpose and use, chemical quality and properties, avoidance of contamination, molecular weight calculations Quality Control - replicate analyses, spiked, split, and reference samples, percent recovery of standard, standard deviation, control charts, and everyday quality control measures Weights and Concentrations - care and analytical balances, mathematical conversions among concentration units, dilutions and concentration changes The remaining chapters cover test analysis including: reason for the test, type of sample taken, treatment plant control significance, expected range of results, appropriate quality control procedures, apparatus used, reagents, including function, concentration and instructions for preparation, procedural steps, calculations and notes on possible problems, and references. This is a working manual, meant to be kept by your side in the lab, not on the shelf in an office or library. You can bend it, you can lay it flat, you can take it anywhere you do your job. Useful and practical Drinking Water Chemistry: A Laboratory Manual provides the information you need to perform tests, understand the results, apply them to the determination of water quality before and after treatment, and troubleshoot any problems.

Geomaterials 2001

Author: N.A

Publisher: N.A


Category: Aggregates (Building materials)

Page: 165

View: 465


Hydrogeology Field Manual, 2e

Author: Willis Weight

Publisher: McGraw Hill Professional

ISBN: 0071601201

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 751

View: 8632

Dramatically Improve Your Hydrogeology Field Skills and Master New Advances in Groundwater Science The Second Edition of Hydrogeology Field Manual provides the latest information on applied applications in groundwater sampling and water-quality assessment, aquifer characterization, contamination issues, karst applications, and more. The book includes actual procedures, real-world decisions, and many examples and case studies to help you understand the occurrence and movement of groundwater in a variety of geologic settings. Filled with tips, tricks-of-the-trade, and anecdotes from seasoned field hydrogeologists, the book explains how to gain instant expertise in most field methodologies and expand your abilities for data interpretation ...and other essential skills. The Second Edition of Hydrogeology Field Manual features: Sage advice on how to collect hydrogeologic field data Guidance on drilling methods, safety, and work with drilling contractors A practical description of slug testing Effective site characterization methods Expert advice on monitoring-well design Over 250 skills-building illustrations and photos Two new chapters on karst hydrogeology, including characterization and performing dye tracer tests All chapters have new material, including more examples and worked problems If you are still in college, a recent graduate, or a working professional needing a ready reference to assist you with field-related matters, this is your book. Experienced hydrogeologists and those in related fields will also welcome the practical time-saving and trouble-avoidance tips. Capitalize on Cutting-Edge Techniques of Field Hydrogeology • Field Hydrogeology • The Geology of Hydrogeology • Aquifer Properties • Basic Geophysics of the Shallow Subsurface • Groundwater Flow • Groundwater/Surface Water Interaction • Water Chemistry Sampling and Results • Drilling and Well Completion • Pumping Tests • Aquifer Hydraulics • Slug Testing • Vadose Zone • Karst Hydrogeology • Tracer Tests • Dye Trace Testing

Agricultural Drainage Engineering: Field And Laboratory Manual

Author: Hiteshkumar V. P.

Publisher: Scientific Publishers

ISBN: 9386102943


Page: 107

View: 2650

Agricultural drainage system is planned to remove excess water from the crop land, whether coming through irrigation system, rainfall or runoff, before it creates waterlogging or high salinity condition. The Field and Laboratory Manual will assist in imparting better practical skills and understanding to Under Graduate (UG) and Post Graduate (PG) Students of Agricultural Engineering and Technology faculty. The manual will be helpful to the students as a reference for preparation of competitive examinations like GATE/ JRF/ SRF/ NET/ ARS, etc.


Laboratory Manual

Author: S. K. Likhi

Publisher: New Age International

ISBN: 9788122405163

Category: Hydraulic engineering

Page: 108

View: 2075

The Experiments Described Are Required To Be Performed By Students Of Diploma Courses For The Course Hydraulics And By Students Of Degree Courses For The Course Fluid Mechanics-1.The Manual Explains The Procedure For Performing The Experiment. The Description Is In The Form Of A Detailed Laboratory Report. It Covers The Handling Of Apparatus, How To Take Observations And Present Results. The Book Includes Tables And Graph Sheets Where Observations Are To Be Recorded And Results Plotted. Students Are Required To Interpret The Results And Will Appreciate The Importance And Significance Of The Experiment To The Real-Life Situation.This Manual Will Save The Student The Bother Of Writing Out The Procedure, Drawing Tables And Purchasing Loose Graph Sheets (Including Log-Log Graph Sheets) For Pasting Into His Journal. The Book Will Form A Complete And Lasting Record Of His Work. It Will Cut Down The Time The Teacher Needs To Spend On Describing The Procedure.The Manual Will Be A Great Help To Both Teachers And Students.