Hydrogeology Laboratory Manual

Author: Keenan Lee,Charles Willard Fetter,John E. McCray

Publisher: Prentice Hall

ISBN: 9780130465498

Category: Science

Page: 151

View: 6393

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This lab manual features a hands-on approach to learning about the physical and chemical processes that govern groundwater flow and contaminant movement in the subsurface. It will aid users in developing a deeper understanding and appreciation for the science and art of hydrogeology. Twenty-one lab exercises provide practical material that explore regional aquifer studies, slug tests, and the use of tracers to determine aquifer and contaminant parameters and modeling retardation, biodegradation, and aquifer heterogeneity, and much more. For individuals interested in the study of hydrogeology.

Basic Hydrogeologic Methods

A Field and Laboratory Manual with Microcomputer Applications

Author: Frank Fletcher

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 9781566764001

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 310

View: 7823

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FROM THE PREFACE The approach of this book is "how-to-do and hands-on." Its purpose is to provide clear, step-by-step instruction in many of the fundamental methods of hydrogeologic investigation. These methods include both 1) the traditional techniques of data analysis, such as mathematical computation by electronic calculator and construction of graphs by hand-plotting, and 2) microcomputer techniques employing electronic spreadsheets, graphing and gridding and contouring software. The microcomputer methods employ commercial software such as Lotus 1-2-3. Microsoft Excel, Quattro-Pro, Golden Software's Grapher and Surfer, and Geraghty and Miller's AQTESOLV. Although familiarity with any of the applications is helpful, the instructions in this manual assume no prior experience with them. Basic Hydrogeologic Methods is divided into three sections: Groundwater Occurrence and Movement, Groundwater Investigations, and Well and Aquifer Hydraulics. Each section begins with a brief summary of relevant terminology and principles. This introductory chapter is followed by a case study, which may be employed to provide a practical context for the hydrogeological methods that are described in subsequent chapters. Most of the methodological exercises culminate in an analytical product, such as data table, graph, contour map, etc., which readily serve as a focus for problem-solving activities, classroom discussions, and investigative reports. Many of the exercises present at least two investigative methods for accomplishing a particular hydrogeologic task. For example, time-drawdown graphs may be produced by a hand-plotting method or by a microcomputer method. For the professional scientist, the choice of a particular method might depend on such factors as the time available to carry out the task, the degree of accuracy required, or the availability of assessory equipment and materials. The introductory student can work through a more fundamental method (e.g., hand-plotting) before advancing to a microcomputer method (e.g., spreadsheet and graphing).

Laboratory Manual in Physical Geology

Author: Richard M. Busch

Publisher: Pearson College Division

ISBN: 9780321689573

Category: Science

Page: 362

View: 688

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This user-friendly, best-selling lab manual examines the basic processes of geology and their applications to everyday life. Featuring contributions from over 170 highly regarded geologists and geoscience educators, along with an exceptional illustration program by Dennis Tasa, Laboratory Manual in Physical Geology, Ninth Edition offers a new activities-based approach that gives you a more complete learning experience in the lab.

A Manual of Field Hydrogeology

Author: Laura L. Sanders

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Science

Page: 381

View: 6579

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Designed to bridge the gap between books on the theoretical principles of hydrogeology (that define but don't describe actual practices) and professional applications-oriented publications. This field-oriented book/manual provides background information on the WHYs of field work as well as step-by-step procedures for the WHATs and HOWs of specific field tests. It provides readers who already have a basic familiarity with introductory hydrogeology with hands-on practice in actual hydrogeologic field methods and activities.

A Manual of Field Hydrogeology

Author: Laura L. Sanders

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Science

Page: 381

View: 8988

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Designed to bridge the gap between books on the theoretical principles of hydrogeology (that define but don't describe actual practices) and professional applications-oriented publications. This field-oriented book/manual provides background information on the WHYs of field work as well as step-by-step procedures for the WHATs and HOWs of specific field tests. It provides readers who already have a basic familiarity with introductory hydrogeology with hands-on practice in actual hydrogeologic field methods and activities.

Field Hydrogeology

Author: Rick Brassington

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1118685318

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 280

View: 7510

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The successful investigation of the hydrogeology of an area depends on the collection of reliable field data. Field Hydrogeology, Third Edition follows a systematic approach to completing a hydrogeological study and explains how to decide on the measurements that are needed and on the instruments and techniques required. Measurements that are needed and on the instruments and techniques required. Measurements of groundwater levels, rainfall and evaporation spring and stream flows and the use of ground water tracer techniques are covered. There is a great deal of practical information on all aspects of planning and completion of field investigation and on the interpretation of field investigation and on the interpretation of field evidence. Advice on safety is also included. This third edition has been fully revised and updated to bring the book into line with developments in environmental regulations. The order of the chapters reflects the structure of a hydrogeological project and the development of a conceptual model up to completion of a report. The focus is on current practical applications of hydrogeological investigations using new case histories and a new chapter on specialist techniques has been included. Handy pocket-size for field research Features case histories Focuses on practical applications Contains a new chapter on groundwater investigations Field Hydrogeology, Third Edition is an invaluable resource for undergraduate and postgraduate students of geology, hydrogeology, environmental sciences and engineering, as well as a wide range of professionals working in the water resources and environmental protection fields.

Applied Hydrogeology

Fourth Edition

Author: C. W. Fetter

Publisher: Waveland Press

ISBN: 1478637447

Category: Science

Page: 598

View: 6750

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Hydrogeology’s importance has grown to become an integral part not only of geology curricula, but also those in environmental science and engineering. Applied Hydrogeology serves all these students, presenting the subject’s fundamental concepts in addition to its importance in other disciplines. Fetter skillfully addresses both physical and chemical hydrogeology, highlighting problem solving throughout the book. Case studies, Excel-based projects, and working student versions of software used by groundwater professionals supplement the fourth edition’s insightful explanations and succinct solutions to real-world challenges. Each chapter concludes with example problems, a notation of symbols, and informative analysis. A glossary of hydrogeological terms adds significant value to this comprehensive text. Fetter’s accessible coverage prepares readers for success in their careers well beyond the classroom.

Practical Problems in Groundwater Hydrology

Author: E. Scott Bair,Terry D. Lahm

Publisher: Prentice Hall

ISBN: N.A

Category: Science

Page: 168

View: 1044

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This is the first groundwater hydrology book composed entirely of genuine, applied problems covering a range of groundwater hydrology topics. Includes 21 exercises that help sharpen quantitative skills, require data analysis and concept exploration, and incorporate current image and graphic technologies. Uses a unique case-study approach to common groundwater problems and current situations; applies exercises to well-documented case studies that use intriguing story lines to provide a central issue for each exercise. Features EXCEL based problems, encouraging readers to apply concepts to complete the exercises with immediate graphical and quantitative feedback. A useful reference for groundwater engineers.

HYDROGEOLOGY: PROBLEMS WITH SOLUTIONS

Author: NANDIPATI SUBBA RAO

Publisher: PHI Learning Pvt. Ltd.

ISBN: 8120352785

Category: Science

Page: 280

View: 4545

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Numerical calculations are inevitably required in the field of hydrogeology and play a significant role in dealing with its various aspects. As often as not, students are seen struggling while solving numerical problems based on hydrogeology, as they find difficulty in identifying the correct concept behind the problem and the formula that can be applied to it. Also, there is a dearth of books, which help the readers in solving numerical problems of varied difficulty level and enable them to have a firm grounding in the subject of hydrogeology. The book Hydrogeology: Problems with Solutions fills this void in the finest way, and as desired, chiefly focuses on the sequential steps involved in solving the problems based on hydrogeology. It concisely covers the fundamental concepts, advanced principles and applications of hydrogeological tasks rather than overemphasising the theoretical aspects. The text comprises sixty solved hydrogeological problems, which are logically organised into ten chapters, including hydrological cycle, morphometric analysis, hydrological properties, groundwater flow, well hydraulics, well design and construction, groundwater management, seawater intrusion, groundwater exploration and groundwater quality. The practice of pedagogy of hydrogeology in yesteryears was a two-tier approach of theoretical principles with toy problems and in-situ case studies for research start-up. This book bridges the gap between routine problem-solving and state-of-the-practice for future. The book is primarily intended for the undergraduate and postgraduate students of Earth Sciences, Civil Engineering, Water Resources Engineering, Hydrogeology and Hydrology. It also serves as an excellent handy reference for all professionals.KEY FEATURES • Key Concept succinctly explores the models, methods and theoretical concepts related to each problem. • Necessary equations and formulae are specified. • Appendices and Glossary are included, leaving no scope to refer any other book. • Bibliography broadens the scope of the book.

Manual of Applied Field Hydrogeology

Author: Willis D. Weight,John L. Sonderegger

Publisher: McGraw Hill Professional

ISBN: 9780070696396

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 608

View: 6910

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Stay leagues ahead with this hands-on guide to practicing field hydrogeology For actual procedures and real-world decisions not explained in textbooks, look to The Manual of Applied Field Hydrogeology. Expert authors Willis Weight and John Songeregger provide plenty of practical examples to help you: Stay on top of what can go wrong, and prevent mishaps, injuries, and disasters Investigate contamination at hazardous waste sites safely and accurately Provide prescriptions for site cleanup Assess the quality and the quantity of an aquifer Work with mining operations on both contamination prevention and new water sources Design a single-well pumping test that's as effective as multiple wells Locate sources of groundwater Take a groundwater sample Log a drill hole Install a monitoring well Analyze a slug test More!

Practical Manual of Groundwater Microbiology, Second Edition

Author: D. Roy Cullimore

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 9781420008166

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 400

View: 2902

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Although microorganisms can be found virtually anywhere on our planet, from clouds to soils to oceans, they are often poorly understood when examining issues related to groundwater and water wells. Focusing on the impact of microorganisms on groundwater and water wells, Practical Manual of Groundwater Microbiology, Second Edition presents over 75% new material to offer a comprehensive, up-to-date guide on the subject. The first eight chapters provide an overview of microbiology and its importance in groundwaters, exploring natural filters that develop around wells, various bacteria, molds, viruses, sampling procedures, biofouling, biofilms, sequestration strategies, rehabilitation/regeneration practices, and flooding risks. The book also contains a chapter that functions as a self-contained guide, with 79 descriptive illustrations of important concepts integral to the understanding of microbes in groundwater. Numerous appendices, some new to this edition, supply detailed information on more specialized topics, such as microbiological test methods, water sample protocols, regulatory considerations concerning the use of phosphorus in wells, and the application of vegetable oil to lubricate pumps. Chronicling the significant progress made in the field since the publication of its predecessor, this edition provides practical approaches for evaluating the effects of microorganisms and their activities on groundwater and water wells.

Hydrogeology

Principles and Practice

Author: Kevin M. Hiscock

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1405144505

Category: Science

Page: 408

View: 6914

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Hydrogeology: Principles and Practice provides a comprehensive introduction to the study of hydrogeology and the significance of groundwater in the terrestrial aquatic environment. Earlier chapters explain the fundamental physical and chemical principles of hydrogeology, and later chapters feature groundwater investigation techniques and contaminant hydrogeology. A unique feature of the book is a chapter on the application of environmental isotopes and noble gases in the interpretation of aquifer evolution. The last chapter discusses groundwater resources and environmental management, and examines the role of groundwater in integrated river basin management, including the possible impacts of climate change. Throughout the text, boxes are used to explain special topics and to illustrate international case studies. The appendices provide useful reference material and include review questions and exercises to develop the reader's knowledge and problem-solving skills in hydrogeology. This accessible textbook is essential reading for undergraduate and graduate students in earth and environmental sciences taking a course in hydrogeology or groundwater science. An Instructor manual CD-ROM for this title is available. Please contact our Higher Education team at [email protected] for more information.

Hydrogeologische Gelände- und Kartiermethoden

Author: Wilhelm G. Coldewey,Patricia Göbel

Publisher: Springer-Verlag

ISBN: 3827427282

Category: Science

Page: 221

View: 7275

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Gelände- und Kartierarbeiten stellen die wichtigsten Grundlagen für die Bearbeitung hydrogeologischer Fragestellungen dar. Hierbei sind alle im Gelände und beim Kartieren beobachteten Details und deren Deutung im Hinblick auf das Grundwasser und die hydrogeologischen Prozesse zu dokumentieren, um sie als Basis späterer Aussagen, etwa in Gutachten, Berichten und Veröffentlichungen, zu nutzen. Der Inhalt dieses Buches basiert auf den Kenntnissen von Wilhelm Coldewey im Bereich der Consulting-Tätigkeit, der hydrogeologischen Kartierung und der Kartenerstellung. Insbesondere sind seine Erfahrungen eingeflossen, die er bei der Erstellung des Hydrologischen Kartenwerkes des Rheinisch-Westfälischen Steinkohlenbezirksgewonnen hat. Patricia Göbel bringt ihre umfangreichen Erfahrungen aus den Bereichen der Gelände- und Laboruntersuchungen im Rahmen der studentischen Ausbildung und der Erwachsenen-Weiterbildung ein. Das Buch stellt eine Einführung für Studierende der Geowissenschaften und der Hydrologie und eine Vertiefung für Fachleute der Geowissenschaften und der Wasserversorgung dar. Bei der Abfassung der Texte und der Gestaltung der Abbildungen haben die Autoren darauf geachtet, auch für fachfremde Leser verständlich zu schreiben. Bei den verschiedenen Messverfahren beschreiben sie bewusst auch einfache Methoden, welche die Kosten für die Geländeuntersuchungen gering halten und Messungen auch unter einfachsten Bedingungen, z.B. in Entwicklungsländern, ermöglichen.

Contaminant Hydrogeology

Third Edition

Author: C. W. Fetter,Thomas Boving,David Kreamer

Publisher: Waveland Press

ISBN: 1478636505

Category: Science

Page: 647

View: 4722

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Tremendous progress has been made in the field of remediation technologies since the second edition of Contaminant Hydrogeology was published two decades ago, and its content is more important than ever. Recognizing the extensive advancement and research taking place around the world, the authors have embraced and worked from a larger global perspective. Boving and Kreamer incorporate environmental innovation in studying and treating groundwater/soil contamination and the transport of those contaminants while building on Fetter’s original foundational work. Thoroughly updated, expanded, and reorganized, the new edition presents a wealth of new material, including new discussions of emerging and potential contaminant sources and their characteristics like deep well injection, fracking fluids, and in situ leach mining. New sections cover BET and Polanyi adsorption potential theory, vapor transport theory, the introduction of the Capillary and Bond Numbers, the partitioning interwell tracer testing technique for investigating NAPL sites, aerial photographic interpretation, geophysics, immunological surveys, high resolution vertical sampling, flexible liner systems, groundwater tracers, and much more. Contaminant Hydrogeology is intended as a textbook in upper level courses in mass transport and contaminant hydrogeology, and remains a valuable resource for professionals in both the public and private sectors.

Reconstructing Earth's Climate History

Inquiry-based Exercises for Lab and Class

Author: Kristen St. John,R. Mark Leckie,Kate Pound,Megan Jones,Lawrence Krissek

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1119959896

Category: Science

Page: 320

View: 6253

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The context for understanding global climate change today lies in the records of Earth’s past. This is demonstrated by decades of paleoclimate research by scientists in organizations such as the Integrated Ocean Drilling Program (IODP), the Antarctic Geological Drilling Program (ANDRILL), and many others. The purpose of this full colour textbook is to put key data and published case studies of past climate change at your fingertips, so that you can experience the nature of paleoclimate reconstruction. Using foundational geologic concepts, students explore a wide variety of topics, including: marine sediments, age determination, stable isotope paleoclimate proxies, Cenozoic climate change, climate cycles, polar climates, and abrupt warming and cooling events, students are invited to evaluate published scientific data, practice developing and testing hypotheses, and infer the broader implications of scientific results. It is our philosophy that addressing how we know is as important as addressing what we know about past climate change. Making climate change science accessible is the goal of this book. This book is intended for earth science students at a variety of levels studying paleoclimatology, oceanography, Quaternary science, or earth-system science. Additional resources for this book can be found at: http://www.wiley.com/go/stjohn/climatehistory.

Groundwater in the Environment

An Introduction

Author: Paul L. Younger

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1444309048

Category: Science

Page: 336

View: 331

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This accessible new textbook provides a thorough introduction to all aspects of groundwater systems and their management. Using straightforward language and analogies to everyday experiences, it explains the origins, nature, and behavior of subsurface water without resorting to complicated mathematics. Groundwater in the Environment draws on case studies and cutting-edge research from around the world, giving a unique insight into groundwater occurring in a wide range of different climate zones and geological settings. This book: provides a robust, practical introduction to groundwater quality, and a succinct summary of modern remedial technologies for polluted groundwaters explores how groundwater fits into the wider natural environment, especially in relation to freshwater ecosystems considers the vulnerability of groundwater systems and the effects of pollution, climate change, land-use change, and overexploitation examines human dependence on water and the effect that this has on groundwater systems presents vivid examples of geohazards associated with ground waters explains the whys and wherefores of groundwater modeling examines competing philosophies of groundwater management, making the case for approaches which take social, economic and ecological issues into account. Goundwater in the Environment provides an up-to-date, essential introduction for undergraduate students of environmental sciences, geography and geology. It will also be invaluable to professionals working in various fields of natural resource management who need accessible information on groundwater but who are reluctant to read conventional texts full of mathematical notation. For practicing hydrogeologists and engineers without formal training in freshwater ecology, this book provides a `crash course' in the new frontiers of groundwater management. Artwork from the book is available to instructors online at www.blackwellpublishing.com/younger. An Instructor manual CD-ROM for this title is available. Please contact our Higher Education team at [email protected] for more information.