Hydrologic and Hydraulic Modeling Support

With Geographic Information Systems

Author: David R. Maidment,Dean Djokic

Publisher: ESRI, Inc.

ISBN: 9781879102804

Category: Computers

Page: 216

View: 1985

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This edited collection deals with the international issue of conserving and allocating water as the world's population continues to grow dramatically. Hydrologic and Hydraulic Modeling Support with Geographic Information Systems discusses applications such as watershed delineation, topographic characteristic extraction, and floodplain extent determination and provides an informed basis for water resource professionals to make sound decisions.

Arc Hydro

GIS for Water Resources

Author: David R. Maidment

Publisher: ESRI, Inc.

ISBN: 9781589480346

Category: Computers

Page: 203

View: 4784

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Written for hydrologists, GIS specialists, and scientists from many disciplines who create computer models of water resources, this book presents an improved standard for creating and using data in hydrologic projects. The ArcGIS hydro data model is the latest innovation in GIS modeling and increases the potential to integrate data from many sources to solve a wider range of water resource problems. This guide shows how hydrology projects work and how they can work better: by integrating local, regional, national, and international data to create a deeper understanding of the earth's water problems.

Hydraulic Modeling and GIS

Author: Lori Armstrong

Publisher: ESRI Press

ISBN: 9781589483019

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 73

View: 8627

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"Hydraulic Modeling and GIS is a best practices guide for developing a sustainable hydraulic model and maintenance strategy that makes optimal use of your GIS. This book addresses GIS-centered concepts and applications that will help you understand and improve hydraulic model structures, advanced spatial analysis, network connectivity and topology, hydraulic model development and maintenance strategies, and GIS database design. Hydraulic Modeling and GIS is a practical handbook for GIS managers, engineers, and decision makers in the water and wastewater utility industry"--

Urban Hydrology and Hydraulic Design

Author: James Chwen-Yuan Guo

Publisher: Water Resources Publication

ISBN: 9781887201483

Category: Hydraulic machinery

Page: 507

View: 8388

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Latest developments of urban hydrology and hydraulic design procedures for storm water management.Drainage planning is an approach that integrates both local and regional efforts to identify drainage conveyance and storage facilities based on hydrologic optimization and cost minimization individually and collectively. In general, the first six chapters cover the hydrologic procedures for rainfall and runoff predictions, and the next 12 chapters focus on hydraulic designs of urban channel, culvert, street inlet, sewer drain, detention basin, retention basin, infiltration basin, low impact designs, and storm water modeling techniques by various routing methods.Hydrology analyses are lengthy in calculation and repetitive in procedure. As a result, Excel Spreadsheet is the most useful and handy tool for hydraulic and hydrologic designs. This book includes 18 sets of spreadsheets developed for 18 subjects. With these spreadsheets, it is easy for the reader to conduct sensitivity tests. Many of the design methods documented in this book have been adopted as the recommended design procedure by Denver, Las Vegas, and Sacramento metropolitan areas in the United States. Based on these methods, there are many design computer models that have been developed and supported by the Denver metro governments for stormwater design purposes.

Hydrology and Hydraulic Systems

Fourth Edition

Author: Ram S. Gupta

Publisher: Waveland Press

ISBN: 1478634219

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 888

View: 8582

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For more than 25 years, the multiple editions of Hydrology & Hydraulic Systems have set the standard for a comprehensive, authoritative treatment of the quantitative elements of water resources development. The latest edition extends this tradition of excellence in a thoroughly revised volume that reflects the current state of practice in the field of hydrology. Widely praised for its direct and concise presentation, practical orientation, and wealth of example problems, Hydrology & Hydraulic Systems presents fundamental theories and concepts balanced with excellent coverage of engineering applications and design. The Fourth Edition features a major revision of the chapter on distribution systems, as well as a new chapter on the application of remote sensing and computer modeling to hydrology. Outstanding features of the Fourth Edition include . . . • More than 350 illustrations and 200 tables • More than 225 fully solved examples, both in FPS and SI units • Fully worked-out examples of design projects with realistic data • More than 500 end-of-chapter problems for assignment • Discussion of statistical procedures for groundwater monitoring in accordance with the EPA’s Unified Guidance • Detailed treatment of hydrologic field investigations and analytical procedures for data assessment, including the USGS acoustic Doppler current profiler (ADCP) approach • Thorough coverage of theory and design of loose-boundary channels, including the latest concept of combining the regime theory and the power function laws

Urban Hydrology, Hydraulics, and Stormwater Quality

Engineering Applications and Computer Modeling

Author: A. Osman Akan,Robert J. Houghtalen

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 9780471431589

Category: Science

Page: 373

View: 3582

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A practical introduction on today′s challenge of controlling and managing the water resources used by and affected by cities and urbanized communities. The book offers an integrated engineering approach, covering the spectrum of urban watershed management, urban hydraulic systems, and overall stormwater management. Each chapter concludes with helpful problems. Solutions Manual available to qualified professors and instructors upon request. Introduces the reader to two popular, non–proprietary computer–modeling pro–grams: HEC–HMS (U.S. Army Corps of Engineers) and SWMM (U.S EPA).

Computer-assisted Floodplain Hydrology and Hydraulics

Author: Daniel H. Hoggan

Publisher: McGraw-Hill Professional Publishing

ISBN: 9780070293793

Category: Science

Page: 676

View: 3839

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Master next-generation flood control techniques. Here's the hands-on help you need to apply state-of-the-art computer programs for modeling flood plain hydrologic and hydraulic systems pioneered by the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers. Daniel Hoggan's Computer-Assisted Floodplain Hydrology and Hydraulics, Second Edition, takes you step-by-step through the HEC-2 Water Surface Profiles Program, the Windows-based HEC-RAS River Analysis System Program, the HEC-1 Flood Hydrograph and Parameter Estimation Program and many other Software packages. It helps you simulate basin hydrology, analyze flood frequency, compute water surface profiles and more. Armed with these powerful techniques, you'll accurately analyze rainfall and rainfall loss, flood routing, urbanizing basins, interior flooding, culvert flow, floodway and channel improvement and much more.

Floods in a Changing Climate

Inundation Modelling

Author: Giuliano Di Baldassarre

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1139851632

Category: Science

Page: N.A

View: 3383

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Flood inundation models enable us to make hazard predictions for floodplains, mitigating increasing flood fatalities and losses. This book provides an understanding of hydraulic modelling and floodplain dynamics, with a key focus on state-of-the-art remote sensing data, and methods to estimate and communicate uncertainty. Academic researchers in the fields of hydrology, climate change, environmental science and natural hazards, and professionals and policy-makers working in flood risk mitigation, hydraulic engineering and remote sensing will find this an invaluable resource. This volume is the third in a collection of four books on flood disaster management theory and practice within the context of anthropogenic climate change. The others are: Floods in a Changing Climate: Extreme Precipitation by Ramesh Teegavarapu, Floods in a Changing Climate: Hydrological Modeling by P. P. Mujumdar and D. Nagesh Kumar and Floods in a Changing Climate: Risk Management by Slodoban Simonović.

Surface Models for Geosciences

Author: Kateřina Růžičková,Tomáš Inspektor

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 3319184075

Category: Science

Page: 308

View: 4318

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The aim of the conference is to present and discuss new methods, issues and challenges encountered in all parts of the complex process of gradual development and application of digital surface models. This process covers data capture, data generation, storage, model creation, validation, manipulation, utilization and visualization. Each stage requires suitable methods and involves issues that may substantially decrease the value of the model. Furthermore, the conference provides a platform to discuss the requirements, features and research approaches for 3D modeling, continuous field modeling and other geoscience applications. The conference covers the following topics: - LIDAR for elevation data - Radar interferometry for elevation data - Surface model creation - Surface model statistics - Surface model storage (including data formats, standardization, database) - Feature extraction - Analysis of surface models - Surface models for hydrology, meteorology, climatology - Surface models for signal spreading - Surface models for geology (structural, mining) - Surface models for environmental science - Surface models for visibility studies - Surface models for urban geography - Surface models for human geography - Uncertainty of surface models and digital terrain analysis - Surface model visual enhancement and rendering

Improving Flood Prediction Assimilating Uncertain Crowdsourced Data into Hydrologic and Hydraulic Models

Author: Maurizio Mazzoleni

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 1351652567

Category: Science

Page: 240

View: 3432

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In recent years, the continued technological advances have led to the spread of low-cost sensors and devices supporting crowdsourcing as a way to obtain observations of hydrological variables in a more distributed way than the classic static physical sensors. The main advantage of using these type of sensors is that they can be used not only by technicians but also by regular citizens. However, due to their relatively low reliability and varying accuracy in time and space, crowdsourced observations have not been widely integrated in hydrological and/or hydraulic models for flood forecasting applications. Instead, they have generally been used to validate model results against observations, in post-event analyses. This research aims to investigate the benefits of assimilating the crowdsourced observations, coming from a distributed network of heterogeneous physical and social (static and dynamic) sensors, within hydrological and hydraulic models, in order to improve flood forecasting. The results of this study demonstrate that crowdsourced observations can significantly improve flood prediction if properly integrated in hydrological and hydraulic models. This study provides technological support to citizen observatories of water, in which citizens not only can play an active role in information capturing, evaluation and communication, leading to improved model forecasts and better flood management.

Computational Hydraulics and Hydrology

An Illustrated Dictionary

Author: Nicolas G. Adrien

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 9780203494493

Category: Science

Page: 464

View: 8781

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Computational hydraulics and hydrologic modeling are rapidly developing fields with a wide range of applications in areas ranging from wastewater disposal and stormwater management to civil and environmental engineering. These fields are full of promise, but the abundance of literature that now exists contains many new terms that are not always defined. Computational Hydraulics and Hydrology: An Illustrated Dictionary defines more that 4,000 basic terms and phrases related to water conveyance with emphasis on computational hydraulics and hydrologic modeling. Compiled by Nicolas G. Adrien, a noted consulting engineer with three decades of experience, this dictionary includes detailed references to actual modeling studies, nearly 100 illustrations, 150 equations and formulas, and many notations. It also includes a chapter of application examples and another containing more than 6,000 related terms with a list of resources where interested readers can find additional definitions. Other dictionaries and glossaries related to these areas tend to be either dated or much narrower in scope. This dictionary offers broad, practice-based coverage of terms culled directly from the latest texts, references, and actual engineering reports. Computational Hydraulics and Hydrology: An Illustrated Dictionary stands alone in providing ready access to the vocabulary of these subjects.

Environmental and Hydrological Systems Modelling

Author: A W Jayawardena

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 041546532X

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 536

View: 5721

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Mathematical modelling has become an indispensable tool for engineers, scientists, planners, decision makers and many other professionals to make predictions of future scenarios as well as real impending events. As the modelling approach and the model to be used are problem specific, no single model or approach can be used to solve all problems, and there are constraints in each situation. Modellers therefore need to have a choice when confronted with constraints such as lack of sufficient data, resources, expertise and time. Environmental and Hydrological Systems Modelling provides the tools needed by presenting different approaches to modelling the water environment over a range of spatial and temporal scales. Their applications are shown with a series of case studies, taken mainly from the Asia-Pacific Region. Coverage includes: Population dynamics Reaction kinetics Water quality systems Longitudinal dispersion Time series analysis and forecasting Artificial neural networks Fractals and chaos Dynamical systems Support vector machines Fuzzy logic systems Genetic algorithms and genetic programming This book will be of great value to advanced students, professionals, academics and researchers working in the water environment.

Rainfall-Runoff Modelling

The Primer

Author: K. J. Beven

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 047071459X

Category: Science

Page: 457

View: 5682

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Rainfall-Runoff Modelling: The Primer Second Edition focuses on predicting hydrographs using models based on data and on representations of hydrological process. Dealing with the history of the development of rainfall-runoff models, uncertainty in mode predictions, good and bad practice and ending with a look at how to predict future catchment hydrological responses this book provides an essential underpinning of rainfall-runoff modelling topics."--pub. desc.

Design Hydrology and Sedimentology for Small Catchments

Author: Charles Thomas Haan,Billy J. Barfield,J. C. Hayes

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 0123123402

Category: Science

Page: 588

View: 4755

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The Clean Water Act, with its emphasis on storm water and sediment control in urban areas, has created a compelling need for information in small-catchment hydrology. Design Hydrology and Sedimentology for Small Catchments provides the basic information and techniques required for understanding and implementing design systems to control runoff, erosion, and sedimentation. It will be especially useful to those involved in urban and industrial planning anddevelopment, surface mining activities, storm water management, sediment control, and environmental management. This class-tested text, which presents many solved problems throughout as well as solutions at the end of each chapter, is suitable for undergraduate, graduate, and continuing education courses. In addition, practicing professionals will find it a valuable reference. Anderson/Woessner: APPLIED GROUNDWATER MODELING (1992) Shuirman/Slosson: FORENSIC ENGINEERING (1992) de Marsily: QUANTITATIVE HYDROGEOLOGY (1986) Selley: APPLIED SEDIMENTOLOGY, THIRD EDITION (1988) Huyakorn: COMPUTATIONAL METHODS IN SUBSURFACE FLOW (1986) Pinder: FINITE ELEMENT MODELING IN SURFACE AND SUBSURFACE HYDROLOGY (1977) Key Features * Covers major new improvements and state-of-the-art technologies in sediment control technology * Provides in-depth information on estimating the impact of land-use changes on runoff and flood flows, as well as on estimating erosion and sediment yield from small catchments * Presents superior coverage on design of flood and sediment detention ponds and design of runoff and sediment control measures

Land surface hydrology, meteorology, and climate

observation and modeling

Author: Venkataraman Lakshmi,John Schaake

Publisher: Amer Geophysical Union

ISBN: 9780875903521

Category: Science

Page: 246

View: 9159

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This book offers a unique synthesis in our understanding of land surface hydrological processes and their links to meteorology and climatology.