Hydrology and the River Environment

Author: Malcolm David Newson

Publisher: Oxford University Press on Demand

ISBN: 9780198741572

Category: Science

Page: 221

View: 740

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* A practical teaching course * Takes an environmental approach to hydrology This is a textbook in environmental hydrology-a field of study concerned with the basic system of water circulation and patters of runoff and the major ways in which human occupation of Earth alters both processes and pattersn. It focuses on the river basin or catchment unit not only because of its geographical appeal but because it is the basic experimental and data-gathering unit, and the fundamentalunit for water management. The book explores a considerable number of methodological frameworks. Most of these are scientific; an acceptable replacement for problem-solving by data collection, analysis, and prediction has yet to be found. However, it also considers non-digital values-attitudes, preferences, policies, laws-especially in the case of the freshwater environment, where key data are still relatively scarce. Having developed a holistic approach to river basins, the author concludes by considering the utility of our current knowledge of environment hydrology to provide the reader with a practical response to the conservation of fresh water.

Handbook of Engineering Hydrology

Environmental Hydrology and Water Management

Author: Saeid Eslamian

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 1466552506

Category: Science

Page: 606

View: 8910

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While most books examine only the classical aspects of hydrology, this three-volume set covers multiple aspects of hydrology, and includes contributions from experts from more than 30 countries. It examines new approaches, addresses growing concerns about hydrological and ecological connectivity, new quantitative and qualitative managing techniques and considers the worldwide impact of climate change. It also provides updated material on hydrological science and engineering, discussing recent developments as well as classic approaches. Published in three books, Fundamentals and Applications; Modeling, Climate Change, and Variability; and Environmental Hydrology and Water Management, the entire set consists of 87 chapters, and contains 29 chapters in each book. The chapters in this book contain information on: • The anthropocenic aquifer, groundwater vulnerability, and hydraulic fracturing, and environmental problems • Disinfection of water, environmental engineering for water and sanitation systems, environmental nanotechnology, modeling of wetland systems, nonpoint source and water quality modeling, water pollution control using low-cost natural wastes, and water supply and public health and safety • Environmental flows, river managed system for flood defense, stormwater modeling and management, tourism and river hydrology, and transboundary river basin management • The historical development of wastewater management, sediment pollution, and sustainable wastewater treatment • Water governance, scarcity, and security • The formation of ecological risk on plain reservoirs, modification in hydrological cycle, sustainable development in integrated water resources management, transboundary water resource management, and more Students, practitioners, policy makers, consultants and researchers can benefit from the use of this text.

Key Concepts in Geography

Author: Sarah Holloway,Stephen P Rice,Gill Valentine

Publisher: SAGE

ISBN: 9780761973898

Category: Science

Page: 342

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Defining the key terms that inform the language of geography and define the geographical imagination: space, time, place, scale, landscape, this volume provides definitions of terms from both human and physical geography.

Hydrology and Global Environmental Change

Author: Nigel W. Arnell

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 131787823X

Category: Science

Page: 364

View: 6441

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Hydrology and Global Environmental Change presents the hydrological contribution to, and consequences of, global environmental change. Assuming little or no prior knowledge on the part of the reader, the book looks at the main processes of global environmental change - global scale processes, large regional processes, repetitive processes - and how the hydrological cycle, processes and regimes impact on GEC and vice-versa.

Environmental Hydrology and Hydraulics

Eco-technological Practices for Sustainable Development

Author: S N Ghosh

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 1439842833

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 426

View: 4112

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Water is a precious natural resource, which is crucial to our survival. It needs to be used judiciously in the context of an increasing population not only to sustain essential requirements such as those for drinking and domestic usage, but also for increased food production, industrial usage, power generation, navigational requirements, pisciculture, recreation, landscaping etc. There are many books dealing with hydrology, hydraulics and hydraulic structures, which generally deal with larger problems of development, analysis, design and implementation of water resources. However, there are few books, which deal with small-scale development of water resources consistent with the environmental concerns as well as application of relevant eco-friendly technologies. This book provides both the perspectives.

Hydrological Modelling and the Water Cycle

Coupling the Atmospheric and Hydrological Models

Author: Soroosh Sorooshian,Kuo-lin Hsu,Erika Coppola,Barbara Tomassetti,Marco Verdecchia,Guido Visconti

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 3540778438

Category: Science

Page: 291

View: 8538

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This volume is a collection of a selected number of articles based on presentations at the 2005 L’Aquila (Italy) Summer School on the topic of “Hydrologic Modeling and Water Cycle: Coupling of the Atmosphere and Hydrological Models”. The p- mary focus of this volume is on hydrologic modeling and their data requirements, especially precipitation. As the eld of hydrologic modeling is experiencing rapid development and transition to application of distributed models, many challenges including overcoming the requirements of compatible observations of inputs and outputs must be addressed. A number of papers address the recent advances in the State-of-the-art distributed precipitation estimation from satellites. A number of articles address the issues related to the data merging and use of geo-statistical techniques for addressing data limitations at spatial resolutions to capture the h- erogeneity of physical processes. The participants at the School came from diverse backgrounds and the level of - terest and active involvement in the discussions clearly demonstrated the importance the scienti c community places on challenges related to the coupling of atmospheric and hydrologic models. Along with my colleagues Dr. Erika Coppola and Dr. Kuolin Hsu, co-directors of the School, we greatly appreciate the invited lectures and all the participants. The members of the local organizing committee, Drs Barbara Tomassetti; Marco Verdecchia and Guido Visconti were instrumental in the success of the school and their contributions, both scienti cally and organizationally are much appreciated.

Global Hydrology

Processes, Resources and Environmental Management

Author: J. A. A. Jones

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 131789474X

Category: Science

Page: 414

View: 5417

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Global Hydrology illustrates in detail the growing importance of understanding hydrological processes and pathways as a means of effective and safe management of water resources. It describes current management practices and past environmental impact. It analyses the options for improving water supply and protecting the environment, emphasizing the need for international collaboration in a changing societal and environmental context

Flood Risk Management and the American River Basin

An Evaluation

Author: National Research Council,Division on Earth and Life Studies,Commission on Geosciences, Environment and Resources,Committee on Flood Control Alternatives in the American River Basin

Publisher: National Academies Press

ISBN: 9780309176255

Category: Science

Page: 256

View: 9002

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This book reviews the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers' (USACE) investigations of flood control options for the American River basin and evaluates flood control feasibility studies for the watershed, with attention to the contingency assumptions, hydrologic methods, and other analyses supporting the flood control options. This book provides detailed comments on many technical issues, including a careful review of the 1991 National Research Council report American River Watershed Investigation, and looks beyond the Sacramento case to broader questions about the nation's approach to flood risk management. It discusses how to utilize information available about flood hazard reduction alternatives for the American River basin, the potential benefits provided by various alternatives, the impacts of alternatives on environmental resources and ecosystems, and the trade-offs inherent in any choice among alternatives which does not lie in the realm of scientists and engineers, but in the arena of public decisionmaking.

Human Impact on Erosion and Sedimentation

Proceedings of an International Symposium (Symposium S6) Held During the Fifth Scientific Assembly of the International Association of Hydrological Sciences (IAHS) at Rabat, Morocco, from 23 April to 3 May 1997

Author: D. E. Walling,Jean-Luc Probst

Publisher: IAHS Press

ISBN: 9781901502305

Category: Environmental degradation

Page: 311

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Hydrological Research Basins and the Environment

Proceedings of the International Conference, Wageningen, The Netherlands 24-28 September, 1990

Author: J. C. Hooghart,C. W. S. Posthumus,P. M. M. Warmerdam,Nederlandse Centrale Organisatie voor Toegepast- Natuurwetenschappelijk Onderzoek. Commissie voor Hydrologisch Onderzoek,International Hydrological Programme. Committee of the European Network of Experimental and Representative Basins,Landbouwhogeschool Wageningen. Department of Hydrology, Soil Physics and Hydraulics

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Hydrology

Page: 347

View: 9362

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Soil-vegetation-atmosphere Transfer Schemes and Large-scale Hydrological Models

Proceedings of an International Symposium (Symposium S5) Held During the Sixth Scientific Assembly of the International Association of Hydrological Sciences (IAHS) at Maastricht, The Netherlands, from 18 to 27 July 2001

Author: A. J. Dolman

Publisher: International Assn of Hydrological Sciences

ISBN: 9781901502619

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 372

View: 360

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Colorado River Ecology and Dam Management

Proceedings of a Symposium May 24-25, 1990 Santa Fe, New Mexico

Author: National Research Council,Division on Earth and Life Studies,Commission on Geosciences, Environment and Resources,Water Science and Technology Board,Committee to Review the Glen Canyon Environmental Studies

Publisher: National Academies Press

ISBN: 0309045355

Category: Science

Page: 288

View: 6154

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This book contains 11 papers that review the extant information about the Colorado River from an ecosystem perspective and serve as the basis for discussion of the use of ecosystem/earth science information for river management and dam operations. It also contains a synopsis of the committee's findings and recommendations to the Bureau of Reclamation as the agency seeks to change its direction to the management of natural resources.

Hydrology and Water Law - Bridging the Gap

Author: J. Wallace,Patricia Wouters

Publisher: IWA Publishing

ISBN: 1843390701

Category: Science

Page: 360

View: 2790

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With "integrated water resources management" (IWRM) the current buzzword in international circles, the real question is: how to operationalise a truly multidisciplinary approach to the effective management of shared watercourses. Based largely on the actual experience of HELP (Hydrology for the Environment, Life and Policy), the overall aim of the book is to produce a series of case studies from around the world (from the Aral Sea to Zimbabwe) that demonstrate how the "gaps" between hydrology, water law and management are actually bridged in practice. Is hydrological data relevant and used in the formulation of national and international water law and policy? Cases cited include examples of where this has happened and been successful or unsuccessful and where this has not happened and led to problems. This will act as a guide to how future water laws and polices can be made more effective via the use of accurate and up to date hydrological information.

Planning for environmental water allocations: An example of hydrology-based assessment in the East Rapti River, Nepal

Author: Smakhtin, Vladimir, Shilpakar, R. L.

Publisher: IWMI

ISBN: 9290905948

Category: Water-supply

Page: 20

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Although the protection of the aquatic environment is high on the world water resources agenda, most developing countries still lack the technical and institutional capacity to establish environmental water allocation practices and policies. The existing methods of assessment of environmental water allocations are either complex and resource-intensive or not tailor-made for the specific conditions of a particular country or region. To promote emerging concepts of environmental flow assessment and management, it is important to change the dominant perception that environmental demand is the least important and create awareness among responsible authorities about existing methodologies and processes that should be followed. This report presents some of these approaches and illustrates their applicability in the specific context of the East Rapti River basin, which features one of the main tourist attractions of Nepal, the Chitwan National Park.

From Headwaters to the Ocean

Hydrological Change and Water Management - Hydrochange 2008, 1-3 October 2008, Kyoto, Japan

Author: Makoto Taniguchi,William C. Burnett,Yoshihiro Fukushima,MARTIN HAIGH,Yu Umezawa

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 0415472792

Category: Science

Page: 696

View: 3451

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The vulnerability of water resources due to climate change and human activities is globally increasing. The phenomenon of hydrological change is complicated because of the combinations and interactions between natural climate fluctuation, global warming and human activities including changes in land utilization. The impact areas of hydrological changes are also not only within the basin, but reach to the ocean through coastal water exchanges. This book presents contributions focused on integrated water management from headwater to the ocean in a time of climate change and increasing population.