Hydrology and Water Management in the Humid Tropics

Hydrological Research Issues and Strategies for Water Management

Author: Michael Bonell,Maynard M. Hufschmidt,John S. Gladwell

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9780521020022

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 612

View: 5004

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Environmental problems in the humid tropical regions, where the focus is on the fate and management of the surviving rainforest and climate change, are attracting increasing attention internationally. The distribution of tropical rainfall is highly variable, and in many regions the supply of potable water is inadequate. By the end of the century one-third of the world's population will be living in the humid tropics. This book considers all aspects of hydrology in the humid tropics. The first four parts of the book cover the physical basis of hydrology in the humid tropics: climatology, meteorology, process hydrology, sedimentation, water quality and freshwater ecology. This is followed by extensive treatment of the human and societal issues: land-use changes, water resource management, and rural and urban water supply in the tropical regions. The book is a uniquely integrated summary of hydrology in the tropics.

Forests, Water and People in the Humid Tropics

Past, Present and Future Hydrological Research for Integrated Land and Water Management

Author: M. Bonell,L. A. Bruijnzeel

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9781139443845

Category: Science

Page: N.A

View: 5241

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Forests, Water and People in the Humid Tropics is a comprehensive review of the hydrological and physiological functioning of tropical rain forests, the environmental impacts of their disturbance and conversion to other land uses, and optimum strategies for managing them. The book brings together leading specialists in such diverse fields as tropical anthropology and human geography, environmental economics, climatology and meteorology, hydrology, geomorphology, plant and aquatic ecology, forestry and conservation agronomy. The editors have supplemented the individual contributions with invaluable overviews of the main sections and provide key pointers for future research. Specialists will find authenticated detail in chapters written by experts on a whole range of people-water-land use issues, managers and practitioners will learn more about the implications of ongoing and planned forest conversion, while scientists and students will appreciate a unique review of the literature.

Hydrology and Water Management in the Humid Tropics, Hydrological Research Issues and Strategies for Water Management

Earth sciences, Earth sciences

Author: CTI Reviews

Publisher: Cram101 Textbook Reviews

ISBN: 1467231541

Category: Education

Page: 26

View: 405

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Facts101 is your complete guide to Hydrology and Water Management in the Humid Tropics, Hydrological Research Issues and Strategies for Water Management. In this book, you will learn topics such as as those in your book plus much more. With key features such as key terms, people and places, Facts101 gives you all the information you need to prepare for your next exam. Our practice tests are specific to the textbook and we have designed tools to make the most of your limited study time.

Forests, Water and People in the Humid Tropics

Past, Present and Future Hydrological Research for Integrated Land and Water Management

Author: M. Bonell,L. A. Bruijnzeel

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9781139443845

Category: Science

Page: N.A

View: 8292

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Forests, Water and People in the Humid Tropics is a comprehensive review of the hydrological and physiological functioning of tropical rain forests, the environmental impacts of their disturbance and conversion to other land uses, and optimum strategies for managing them. The book brings together leading specialists in such diverse fields as tropical anthropology and human geography, environmental economics, climatology and meteorology, hydrology, geomorphology, plant and aquatic ecology, forestry and conservation agronomy. The editors have supplemented the individual contributions with invaluable overviews of the main sections and provide key pointers for future research. Specialists will find authenticated detail in chapters written by experts on a whole range of people-water-land use issues, managers and practitioners will learn more about the implications of ongoing and planned forest conversion, while scientists and students will appreciate a unique review of the literature.

Sustainable Management of Soil Resources in the Humid Tropics

Author: R. Lal

Publisher: United Nations University Press

ISBN: 9789280808766

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 146

View: 4268

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Misuse of the soil & inappropriate agricultural systems are causing degradation of the humid tropical eco-region & perpetuating food shortages, malnutrition & poor standards of living. This publication presents research information on scientifically proven methods of deforestation for conversion to agricultural land use, & soil & crop management systems that allow for the sustained use of soil & water resources in the humid tropics. It cites examples of appropriate techniques with explanations of their impact on production, soil quality & the environment. Information is also provided on the characteristics of an improved farming system; new land development; run-off management & erosion control; & nutrient management. It also outlines research & development priorities.

Land, Water and Development

Sustainable Management of River Basin Systems

Author: Malcolm Newson

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1134732309

Category: Science

Page: 464

View: 1900

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This is a fully revised and expanded second edition of Malcolm Newson's acclaimed book. Exploring in greater depth the meaning of sustainability in river basin development this new edition: * highlights the rapid evolution of practical concepts since the Rio Earth Summit * features new illustrations and case studies from Australia, South Africa and Israel * makes the ecosystem model more explicit throughout * strengthens coverage of the linkages between land and water management.

Optimization of Water Management in Polder Areas

Some Examples for the Temperate Humid and the Humid Tropical Zone

Author: Preecha Wandee

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 9780415375559

Category: Science

Page: 398

View: 8958

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The demand on land to produce food, for urban development such as housing, industry, shopping areas, infrastructure and also for recreation has increased during the history of mankind. This has resulted in such activities as the reclamation of swamps, flood plains, tidal areas and even lakes by impoldering. Model simulations can be use to gain insight into the system behaviour of different land use and soil composition under temperate humid and humid tropic conditions, The existing package OPOL, based on a non steady model, was further developed to the version OPOL5 for the simulation of hydrological conditions and optimization of the main components of water management systems in polder areas in the temperate humid and humid tropical zone. This model reveals a system's behaviour as well as the effects of variation in the main components of the systems to the overall costs. For example, the designs of pumped drainage systems in polder areas can be optimized by varying the main components until the annual equivalent costs are minimum. A GIS tool has been used to complement OPOL5 for the simulation of the real situation in an area with respect to land use, damage, topography, and soil type. The model package has been applied to two case studies: one in the temperate humid zone, namely the Netherlands and to Thailand in the humid tropical zone.

Tropical Montane Cloud Forests

Science for Conservation and Management

Author: L. A. Bruijnzeel,F. N. Scatena,L. S. Hamilton

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1139494554

Category: Science

Page: N.A

View: 9761

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This volume represents a uniquely comprehensive overview of our current knowledge on tropical montane cloud forests. 72 chapters cover a wide spectrum of topics including cloud forest distribution, climate, soils, biodiversity, hydrological processes, hydrochemistry and water quality, climate change impacts, and cloud forest conservation, management, and restoration. The final chapter presents a major synthesis by some of the world's leading cloud forest researchers, which summarizes our current knowledge and considers the sustainability of these forests in an ever-changing world. This book presents state-of-the-art knowledge concerning cloud forest occurrence and status, as well as the biological and hydrological value of these unique forests. The presentation is academic but with a firm practical emphasis. It will serve as a core reference for academic researchers and students of environmental science and ecology, as well as practitioners (natural resources management, forest conservation) and decision makers at local, national, and international levels.

Handbook of Erosion Modelling

Author: R. P. C. Morgan,Mark Nearing

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 9781444348019

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 416

View: 3888

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The movement of sediment and associated pollutants over the landscape and into water bodies is of increasing concern with respect to pollution control, prevention of muddy floods and environmental protection. In addition, the loss of soil on site has implications for declining agricultural productivity, loss of biodiversity and decreased amenity and landscape value. The fate of sediment and the conservation of soil are important issues for land managers and decision-makers. In developing appropriate policies and solutions, managers and researchers are making greater use of erosion models to characterise the processes of erosion and their interaction with the landscape. A study of erosion requires one to think in terms of microseconds to understand the mechanics of impact of a single raindrop on a soil surface, while landscapes form over periods of thousands of years. These processes operate on scales of millimetres for single raindrops to mega-metres for continents. Erosion modelling thus covers quite a lot of ground. This book introduces the conceptual and mathematical frameworks used to formulate models of soil erosion and uses case studies to show how models are applied to a variety of purposes at a range of spatial and temporal scales. The aim is to provide land managers and others with the tools required to select a model appropriate to the type and scale of erosion problem, to show what users can expect in terms of accuracy of model predictions and to provide an appreciation of both the advantages and limitations of models. Problems covered include those arising from agriculture, the construction industry, pollution and climatic change and range in scale from farms to small and large catchments. The book will also be useful to students and research scientists as an up-to-date review of the state-of-art of erosion modelling and, through a knowledge of how models are used in practice, in highlighting the gaps in knowledge that need to be filled in order to develop even better models.

Energy and Mineral Potential of the Central American-Caribbean Region

Author: Ralph L. Miller,Gregorio Escalante,John A. Reinemund,Marion J. Bergin

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 3642794769

Category: Science

Page: 422

View: 6793

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Energy and Mineral Potential of the Central American-Caribbean Region is a compilation of the latest results in this area. It covers topics such as petroleum resources, coal resources, geothermal resources, metallic minerals, industrial minerals, hydrology and environmental problems, and geologic hazards. The volume is of special interest to scientists working in this region and to those who would like to obtain an overview of the resource potential.

Hydrology of the Hawaiian Islands

Author: Leung-Ku Stephen Lau,John Francis Mink

Publisher: University of Hawaii Press

ISBN: 0824829484

Category: Nature

Page: 274

View: 2253

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The authors begin by outlining fundamental hydrologic theories and the current general knowledge then expand into a formal discussion specific to Hawaii and the distinctive elements and their inter-relations under natural and human-influenced conditions. They include chapters on rainfall and climate, evaporation, groundwater, and surface run-off. Details on the quantification of hydrologic processes are available to those with more technical knowledge, but interested general readers will find much in this volume that is timely and accessible.

Water Quality Assessments

A guide to the use of biota, sediments and water in environmental monitoring, Second Edition

Author: Deborah V Chapman

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 0419215905

Category: Science

Page: 648

View: 7385

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This guidebook, now thoroughly updated and revised in its second edition, gives comprehensive advice on the designing and setting up of monitoring programmes for the purpose of providing valid data for water quality assessments in all types of freshwater bodies. It is clearly and concisely written in order to provide the essential information for all agencies and individuals responsible for the water quality.

Isotope Tracers in Catchment Hydrology

Author: C. Kendall,J.J. McDonnell

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 008092915X

Category: Science

Page: 870

View: 9344

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This book represents a new "earth systems" approach to catchments that encompasses the physical and biogeochemical interactions that control the hydrology and biogeochemistry of the system. The text provides a comprehensive treatment of the fundamentals of catchment hydrology, principles of isotope geochemistry, and the isotope variability in the hydrologic cycle -- but the main focus of the book is on case studies in isotope hydrology and isotope geochemistry that explore the applications of isotope techniques for investigating modern environmental problems. Isotope Tracers in Catchment Hydrology is the first synthesis of physical hydrology and isotope geochemistry with catchment focus, and is a valuable reference for professionals and students alike in the fields of hydrology, hydrochemistry, and environmental science. This important interdisciplinary text provides extensive guidelines for the application of isotope techniques for all investigatores facing the challenge of protecting precious water, soil, and ecological resources from the ever-increasing problems associated with population growth and environmental change, including those from urban development and agricultural land uses.

Ecohydrology

Processes, Models and Case Studies : an Approach to the Sustainable Management of Water Resources

Author: David M. Harper,Maciej Zalewski,Nic Pacini

Publisher: CABI

ISBN: 1845933702

Category: Eavesdropping

Page: 401

View: 8833

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Ecohydrology is a sub-discipline which links elements of ecology with hydrology at various points in the water cycle. This book focuses on larger scales of ecohydrology, emphasising the use of this tool in striving towards the goal of sustainable water management.