Hydrology and the Management of Watersheds

Author: Kenneth N. Brooks,Peter F. Ffolliott,Joseph A. Magner

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1118459741

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 552

View: 6870

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This new edition is a major revision of the popular introductory reference on hydrology and watershed management principles, methods, and applications. The book's content and scope have been improved and condensed, with updated chapters on the management of forest, woodland, rangeland, agricultural urban, and mixed land use watersheds. Case studies and examples throughout the book show practical ways to use web sites and the Internet to acquire data, update methods and models, and apply the latest technologies to issues of land and water use and climate variability and change.

Hydrology and the Management of Watersheds

Author: N.A

Publisher: Iowa State Press

ISBN: 9780813801377

Category: Watershed management

Page: 392

View: 6792

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An account of hydrology and watershed management, it provides the fundamental information and practical methods necessary for solving water-use problems in a variety of settings and situations - forest or range, agricultural or environmental.

Glossary: Irrigation, Drainage, Hydrology And Watershed Management

Author: R. T. Thokal,A.G. Powar, D.M. Mahale, R.T. Thokal,D. M. Mahale,A. G. Powar

Publisher: Mittal Publications

ISBN: 9788170999478

Category: Drainage

Page: 299

View: 6676

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Presents Basic Terminologies In Irrigation, Drainage, Hydrology, Climatology And Watershed Management In Scientific And Easy Language. Entries Are Arranged Alphabetically And Should Be Use To Academicians, Scientists And Research Scholars In The Relevent Field.

Hydrology and Soil Conservation Engineering

Including Watershed Management

Author: GHANSHYAM DAS

Publisher: PHI Learning Pvt. Ltd.

ISBN: 8120335864

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 552

View: 3027

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Streamlined to facilitate student understanding, this second edition, containing the latest techniques and methodologies and some new problems, continues to provide a comprehensive treatment of hydrology of watersheds, soil erosion problems, design and installation of soil conservation practices and structures, hydrologic and sediment yield models, watershed management and water harvesting. It also deals with the special requirements of management of agricultural and forested watersheds. This book is designed for undergraduate students of agricultural engineering for courses in hydrology, and soil and water conservation engineering. It will also be of considerable value to students of agriculture, soil science, forestry, and civil engineering. KEY FEATURES Emphasises fundamentals using numerous illustrations to help students visualise different phenomena Offers lucid presentation of field practices Presents the analysis and design of basic hydraulic structures Devotes an entire chapter to watershed management Provides numerous solved design problems and exercise problems to develop a clear understanding of the theory Gives theoretical questions, and objective type questions with answers to test the students’ understanding.

HYDROLOGY AND WATERSHED MANAGEMENT

Ecosystem Resilience-Rural and Urban Water Requirements

Author: K. Ramamohan Reddy,B. Venkateswara Rao,C. Sarala

Publisher: Allied Publishers

ISBN: 8184249527

Category: Resilience (Ecology)

Page: 1312

View: 5594

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The Proceeding contains the following sections: i) Groundwater Exploration and Exploitation; (ii) RS&GIS Applications in Water Resources; (iii) Watershed Management: Hydrological, Socio-Economic and Cultural Models; (iv) Water and Wastewater Treatment Technologies; (v) Rainwater Harvesting and Rural and Urban Water Supplies; (vi) Floods, Reservoir Sedimentation and Seawater Intrusion; (vii) Water Quality, Pollution and Environment; (viii) Irrigation Management; (ix) Water Logging and Water Productivity in Agriculture; (x) Groundwater Quality; (xi) Hydrologic Parameter Estimation and Modelling; (xii) Climate Change, Water, Food and Environmental Security; (xiii) Groundwater Recharge and Modelling; (xiv) Computational Methods in Hydrology; (xv) Soil and Water Conservation Technologies.

Agricultural Nonpoint Source Pollution

Watershed Management and Hydrology

Author: William F. Ritter,Adel Shirmohammadi

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 9781420033083

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 352

View: 9323

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If you work in the water quality management field, you know the challenges of monitoring and controlling pollutants in our water supply. The increasing problem of agricultural nonpoint source pollution requires complex solutions. Agricultural Nonpoint Source Pollution: Watershed Management and Hydrology covers the latest techniques and methods of managing large watershed areas, with an emphasis on controlling non-point source pollution, especially from agricultural run-off. Written by leading experts, the book includes topics such as: nitrate and phosphorus pollution, pesticide contamination, erosion and sedimentation, water-table management, and watershed management. The authors discuss the effects of agricultural run-off - one of the most intransigent problems now faced by environmental engineers and hydrologists. They explore each issue with an eye towards the integrated management of water quality and water resources over a defined area or region. This single-source reference gives you a complete understanding of the whats, whys, and hows of nonpoint source pollution - and more importantly of how to monitor and manage it. Agricultural Nonpoint Source Pollution: Watershed Management and Hydrology provides a broad but detailed overview that helps you to comprehend the intricacies of the problem and puts you on the path to finding the answers.

Urban Hydrology, Watershed Management and Socio-Economic Aspects

Author: Arup Kumar Sarma,Vijay P. Singh,Suresh A. Kartha,Rajib K. Bhattacharjya

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 3319401955

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 370

View: 7357

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The book brings together high-quality research articles on advanced hydrological analysis, advanced computational methods, and the ecological and sociological aspects of urban watershed management under one umbrella. The rapid pace of urbanization, not accompanied by any farsighted, holistic plan, has reduced many cities in the developing world into multi-hazard areas. The most perceptible consequence of urbanization is the change in land-use and land cover, which in turn impacts hydrological systems. Accordingly, scientific studies on urban hydrology with due emphasis on ecological and sociological aspects under changing climate are vital to the appropriate design of urban landscapes and civil infrastructure works. This book addresses precisely these issues, offering a useful guide for environmentalists, hydrologists, and a broad range of socio-economic scientists exploring the environmental vulnerabilities arising from urbanization.

Ecohydrology and Environmental Watershed Management

Author: Herbert Lotus

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9781682861516

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 217

View: 362

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The sustainable management of water resources has become an increasingly prominent field of study and research. Ecohydrology and water management are crucial topics of interest in this field. This book explores the cohesive relationship between water resources and their respective ecosystems. The chapters included herein trace the progress of these fields and highlight some of the key concepts such as ecological engineering, catchment hydrology, biogeochemical processes, mathematical analysis, management of different water resources, etc. Scientists and students will find this book full of crucial and unexplored concepts.

Integrated Watershed Management

Principles and Practice

Author: Isobel W. Heathcote

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 0470376252

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 453

View: 9209

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An integrated framework for water resources management It has been said that "water is the next oil." A strong global consensus has begun to develop that effective water management must start at the watershed level, and that water management actions must be taken in the context of watersheds, and the human communities in them. Integrated Watershed Management: Principles and Practice, Second Edition presents a flexible, integrated framework for watershed management that addresses the biophysical, social, and economic issues affecting water resources and their use. Comprehensive in scope and multidisciplinary in approach, it equips readers with the necessary tools and techniques to develop sound watershed management policy and practice?from problem definition and goal setting to selecting management strategies and procedures for monitoring implementation. Ten years of practice have demonstrated that the core concepts presented in the first edition of this book remain true and important. This Second Edition is fully updated to reflect current practice and recent experience in watershed management, including: New coverage of strategies for the selection and evaluation of public engagement processes Sampling, data management, and computer simulation technologies Recent legislative changes International watershed issues Many new case studies Water resources planning and management is not just a technical challenge; it is also a social challenge, and an opportunity. It is, ultimately, a framework for human societies to shape, protect, and improve the environment in which they live. Providing a rational framework for the development of water resources management strategies, Integrated Watershed Management, Second Edition is a one-stop resource for upper-level students and professionals in environmental science, natural resource management, and environmental engineering.

GIS for Water Resource and Watershed Management

Author: John G. Lyon

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 9780203217917

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 274

View: 6154

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The use of GIS, and its application for solving environmental problems is growing rapidly. This powerful set of tools can be used to great effect in hydrological modeling, environment and habitat assessments, ecosystem studies, monitoring of wetlands and forested watersheds, urban studies, agricultural impact assessment and much more. GIS for Watershed and Water Resource Management explains the fundamentals, demonstrates new approaches, techniques and methods, and provides examples of real applications. It presents the basic concepts, and shows how to acquire the critical information needed to plan and implement GIS studies, and develop practical solutions for environmental management and problem solving.

Urban Watersheds

Geology, Contamination, and Sustainable Development

Author: Martin M. Kaufman,Daniel T. Rogers,Kent S. Murray

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 9781439852828

Category: Nature

Page: 583

View: 2405

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With the continuing increase in population, more people are sharing the finite resources of the urban watershed, resulting in new and increasingly complex interactions between humans and the environment. Environmental contamination is a chronic problem—and an expensive one. In urban areas, water and soil contamination poses a threat to public health and has implications for future development. Taking an interdisciplinary approach, Urban Watersheds: Geology, Contamination, and Sustainable Development offers a framework for those working to improve the urban environment and create sustainable urban watersheds. The book presents over 20 years of research and professional practice on urban watersheds from the fields of environmental geology, geochemistry, risk analysis, hydrology, and urban planning. The geological characteristics of urbanized watersheds along with the properties of their common contaminants are integrated to assess risk factors for soil, groundwater, and air. With a framework rooted in scientific knowledge, the authors demonstrate the benefits of scientifically informed planning and decision making, offering guidelines to improve watershed management practices as well as urban development and redevelopment practices. Suitable for use as a textbook and as a professional practice reference, the book includes case studies on successful and unsuccessful approaches to contaminant remediation as well as practical methods for environmental risk assessment. PowerPoint® presentations of selected portions of the book are available with qualifying course adoption.

Forest Hydrology

Processes, Management and Assessment

Author: Devendra Amatya,Thomas Williams,Leon Bren,Carmen de Jong

Publisher: CABI

ISBN: 1780646607

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 308

View: 8661

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Forests cover approximately 26% of the world's land surface area and represent a distinct biotic community. They interact with water and soil in a variety of ways, providing canopy surfaces which trap precipitation and allow evaporation back into the atmosphere, thus regulating how much water reaches the forest floor as through fall, as well as pull water from the soil for transpiration. The discipline "forest hydrology" has been developed throughout the 20th century. During that time human intervention in natural landscapes has increased, and land use and management practices have intensified. The book will be useful for graduate students, professionals, land managers, practitioners, and researchers with a good understanding of the basic principles of hydrology and hydrologic processes.

Hydrology and Management of Watersheds

Author: N.A

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9781642241228

Category:

Page: 367

View: 4049

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Dealing with water management concerns needs analyzing of diverse elements of hydrologic procedures taking place in the area of interest. As such procedures are happening in an integrated system that exists at a watershed level, thus the analysis must be carried out on a watershed basis. Understanding of relationship between a variety of watershed characteristics such as morphology, land use and soil, and hydrological mechanism is very essential for water resources development in any area. Since the hydrologic processes are very intricate, their proper understanding is essential.This volume Hydrology and the Management of Watersheds as its name indicates covers principles, methods, and applications of hydrology and watershed management. Important hydrologic concepts and methods are described in detail but primarily within the context of forested watersheds since most of the nation's fresh water originates from forest lands. Water resource management and their delineation, importance, and variation are explained and illustrated. The book covers with updated chapters on the descriptions of different types of wetland systems and wetland watershed responses from different management actions in different regions. It provides an overview of the main challenges facing experimental watershed hydrology. Addressing these challenges will hopefully lead to substantial innovation in the field. It reviews currently available hydrologic and water quality models, and presents model application case studies, to provide a foundation for further model development and watershed assessment studies. The book is intended to provide fundamental hydrologic principles and practices about hydrology and the hydrologic cycle to allow citizens in watershed groups, students, educators, and policy makers to be more informed about water resources and their behavior and management.

Peatland Biogeochemistry and Watershed Hydrology at the Marcell Experimental Forest

Author: Randall Kolka,Stephen Sebestyen,Elon S. Verry,Kenneth Brooks

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 9781439814253

Category: Nature

Page: 512

View: 4168

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The Marcell Experimental Forest (MEF) in Minnesota serves as a living laboratory and provides scientists with a fundamental understanding of peatland hydrology, acid rain impacts, nutrient and carbon cycling, trace gas emissions, and controls on mercury transport in boreal watersheds. Its important role in scientific research continues to grow as the data gathered offers invaluable insight into environmental changes over the last century and goes far in answering many of today’s pressing questions at landscape and global scales. Synthesizing five decades of research, Peatland Biogeochemistry and Watershed Hydrology at the Marcell Experimental Forest includes hundreds of research publications, dozens of graduate theses, and even some previously unpublished studies. Research at the MEF has been at the forefront of many scientific disciplines and these 15 chapters offer the depth and breadth of long-term studies on hydrology, biogeochemistry, ecology, and forest management on peatland watersheds at the MEF. Focusing on peatlands, lakes, and upland landscapes, the book begins with the pioneering research on hydrology done during the 1960s. It presents the innovative 1970’s studies of atmospheric deposition; the 1980’s research into nutrient cycles including carbon, nitrogen, and methane emissions; and the 1990’s investigations into mercury deposition. The book concludes with a look at the latest and on-going studies such as this century’s research into controls on methylmercury production and landscape-level carbon storage and cycling. Covering 50 years of research and written by a veritable who’s who in peatland and forestry science, this important milestone in the collection of ecological data highlights bright prospects for future research, including the continuation of existing long-term measurements, the initiation of new monitoring programs, and plans for unprecedented studies on climate change.

Hydrology of Small Watersheds

Author: P. V. Seethapathi,Debapriya Dutta,Rachapudi Siva Kumar

Publisher: The Energy and Resources Institute (TERI)

ISBN: 8179931307

Category: Science

Page: 326

View: 9984

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With the adoption of the 73rd and 74th amendments, the emphasis of Indian planning is currently on local-level development and planning. In this context assessment, management and utilization of natural resources, especially land and water at local level, assume prime importance. For planning, development and implementation of rural development programmes at local level, the small watershed has been accepted as an integrated natural unit.Planning and development of small watersheds call for rigorous understanding about the occurrence and movement of water in the surface and sub-surface systems along with soil and nutrient losses. Realizing the importance of the problem and gaps in understanding small watershed hydrology in Indian catchments, the coordinated programme on †̃Hydrology of Small Watersheds' was launched by the Department of Science and Technology, Government of India, under its NRDMS (Natural Resources Data Management System) programme in 1997. The coordinated programme aims at the investigations on different phases of hydrologic cycle in small watersheds of five different agro-climatic regions of India and develops database and decision support systems. Hydrology of Small Watersheds has emanated out of the experiences and lessons learnt from the coordinated programme.

Forest Hydrology

An Introduction to Water and Forests, Third Edition

Author: Mingteh Chang

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 143987994X

Category: Science

Page: 595

View: 2496

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Due to its height, density, and thickness of crown canopy; fluffy forest floor; large root system; and horizontal distribution; forest is the most distinguished type of vegetation on the earth. In the U.S., forests occupy about 30 percent of the total territory. Yet this 30 percent of land area produces about 60 percent of total surface runoff, the major water resource area of the country. Any human activity in forested areas will inevitably disturb forest floors and destroy forest canopies, consequently affecting the quantity, quality, and timing of water resources. Thoroughly updated and expanded, Forest Hydrology: An Introduction to Water and Forests, Third Edition discusses the concepts, principles, and processes of forest and forest activity impacts on the occurrence, distribution, and circulation of water and the aquatic environment. Brings water resources and forest-water relations into a single, comprehensive textbook Focuses on the concepts, processes, and general principles in forest hydrology Covers functions, properties, and science of water; water distribution; forests and precipitation, vaporization, stream flow, and stream sediment Discusses watershed management planning and practical applications of forest hydrology in resource management In a single textbook, Forest Hydrology: An Introduction to Water and Forests, Third Edition comprehensively covers water and water resources issues, forest characteristics relevant to the environment, forest impacts in the hydrological cycle, watershed research, watershed management planning, and hydrologic measurements. With the addition of new chapters, new issues, and appendices, this new edition is a valuable resource for upper-level undergraduates in forest hydrology courses as well as professionals involved in water resources management and decision-making in forested watersheds.

Watershed Hydrology, Second Edition

Author: Peter E. Black

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 9781575040271

Category: Science

Page: 460

View: 9766

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An comprehensive working reference, Watershed Hydrology begins with an overview of the hydrologic cycle and examines the basic concepts of storage in that cycle. The well-organized chapters cover topics such as: water and energy, storage of water in the atmosphere, water in the vegetative zone, water in the terrasphere (soil), water in the hydrosphere, and watershed management.

Integrated Watershed Management

Perspectives and Problems

Author: E. Beheim,G.S. Rajwar,M. Haigh,J. Krecek

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9048137691

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 273

View: 3337

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Headwaters are fragile environments threatened by anthropogenic actions. The regeneration of headwaters calls for a practical approach through integrated environmental management. This book discusses various issues concerning headwater regions of the world under wide-ranging themes: climate change impacts, vegetal cover, sub-surface hydrology, catchment and streamflow hydrology, pollution, water quality and limnology, remote sensing and GIS, environmental impact assessment and mitigation, socio-economic impacts, public participation, education and management, and integrated watershed management. This book aims to bring about an awareness in sustainable regeneration of headwater regions and particularly highlighting the problems of environmental management in highlands and headwaters. These regions consist of great reserves of natural resources which need to be exploited and managed sustainably.