Hydrology for Engineers, Geologists, and Environmental Professionals

An Integrated Treatment of Surface, Subsurface, and Contaminant Hydrology

Author: Sergio E. Serrano

Publisher: Hydroscience Incorporated

ISBN: 9780965564342

Category: Science

Page: 575

View: 4298

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Hydrology for Engineers, Geologists and Environmental Professionals presents the fundamental concepts of physical and contaminant hydrology in watersheds, rivers, lakes, soils, and aquifers in an easy and accessible manner to the environmental professional. Recent research developments in nonlinear hydrologic science and new meshless simulation methods are included in this edition: new solutions of nonlinear infiltration; modeling of regional groundwater flow in heterogeneous media, irregularly-shaped domains, transient problems, multiple pumping wells, and nonlinear flow; contaminant transport simulation under nonlinear decay, nonlinear sorption, and unsaturated-saturated zones contaminant propagation. This edition includes 124 solved examples, 187 proposed problems, 153 illustrations, 71 tables, 46 short computer programs, answers to problems, and extensive bibliography.

Environmental Geology

Handbook of Field Methods and Case Studies

Author: Klaus Knödel,Gerhard Lange,Hans-Jürgen Voigt

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9783540746713

Category: Science

Page: 1358

View: 2503

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This illustrated handbook describes a broad spectrum of methods in the fields of remote sensing, geophysics, geology, hydrogeology, geochemistry, and microbiology designed to investigate landfill, mining and industrial sites. The descriptions provide information about the principle of the methods, applications and fundamentals. This handbook also deals with the stepwise procedure for investigating sites and common problems faced in efficient implementation of field operations.

Engineering Hydrology for Natural Resources Engineers

Author: Ernest W. Tollner

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1118928725

Category: Science

Page: 536

View: 6979

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This fully revised edition provides a modern overview of the intersection of hydrology, water quality, and water management at the rural-urban interface. The book explores the ecosystem services available in wetlands, natural channels and ponds/lakes. As in the first edition, Part I examines the hydrologic cycle by providing strategies for quantifying each component: rainfall (with NOAH 14), infiltration, evapotranspiration and runoff. Part II examines field and farm scale water quality with an introduction to erosion prediction and water quality. Part III provides a concise examination of water management on the field and farm scale, emphasizing channel design, field control structures, measurement structures, groundwater processes and irrigation principles. Part IV then concludes the text with a treatment of basin-scale processes. A comprehensive suite of software tools is available for download, consisting of Excel spreadsheets, with some public domain models such as HY-8 culvert design, and software with public domain readers such as Mathematica, Maple and TK solver.

Water-Quality Engineering in Natural Systems

Fate and Transport Processes in the Water Environment

Author: David A. Chin

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1118459377

Category: Science

Page: 472

View: 1045

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Provides the tools needed to control and remediate the quality of natural water systems Now in its Second Edition, this acclaimed text sets forth core concepts and principles that govern the fate and transport of contaminants in water, giving environmental and civil engineers and students a full set of tools to design systems that effectively control and remediate the quality of natural waters. Readers will find coverage of all major classes of water bodies. Moreover, the author discusses the terrestrial fate and transport of contaminants in watersheds, underscoring the link between terrestrial loadings and water pollution. Water-Quality Engineering in Natural Systems begins with an introduction exploring the sources of water pollution and the control of water pollution. It then presents the fundamentals of fate and transport, including the derivation and application of the advection–diffusion equation. Next, the text covers issues that are unique to: Rivers and streams Groundwater Watersheds Lakes and reservoirs Wetlands Oceans and estuaries The final two chapters are dedicated to analyzing water-quality measurements and modeling water quality. This Second Edition is thoroughly updated based on the latest findings, practices, and standards. In particular, readers will find new methods for calculating total maximum daily loads for river contaminants, with specific examples detailing the fate and transport of bacteria, a pressing problem throughout the world. With end-of-chapter problems and plenty of worked examples, Water-Quality Engineering in Natural Systems enables readers to not only understand what happens to contaminants in water, but also design systems to protect people from toxic pollutants.

Soil and Water Contamination, 2nd Edition

Author: Marcel van der Perk

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 0203768892

Category: Science

Page: 428

View: 4523

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Soil and Water Contamination, Second Edition gives a structured overview of transport and fate processes of environmental contaminants. Dealing with all topics essential for understanding and predicting contaminant patterns in soil, groundwater and surface water, it contributes to the formation of a solid basis for adequate soil and water pollution control and integrated catchment management. A unique feature of this work is that it does not treat water and soil pollution as independent processes, but as components of an integrated whole. The core of this geoscientific approach is divided into four parts: • Introduction to the basics of soil and water contamination, such as the fundamentals of environmental pollution and chemistry and the basic properties of soil, groundwater and surface water. • Source, role, and behaviour of substances in soil and water, treating natural and anthropogenic sources of nutrients, heavy metals, radionuclides and organic pollutants as well as emerging substances of concern, their physico-chemical characteristics, behaviour, and toxicity. • Transport and fate of substances in soil and water, focusing on processes of transport, exchange and transformations like advection, dispersion, adsorption kinetics and biochemical decay. Special attention is paid to the mathematical description and modelling of these processes. • Patterns of substances in soil and water, explaining spatial and temporal patterns of pollutants in soil, groundwater, and surface water, illustrated by recent case studies from fundamental and applied research. This comprehensive, successful textbook, now in its second edition, has been conscientiously updated and extended and includes many case studies, examples and exercises sections, providing undergraduate and graduate students in the Earth and Environmental Sciences with all the material necessary for the study of soil and water contamination. In addition, it can serve as a useful source of information for professionals.

Hydrogeological Conceptual Site Models

Data Analysis and Visualization

Author: Neven Kresic,Alex Mikszewski

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 1439852227

Category: Science

Page: 600

View: 6088

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A reference for students, researchers, and environmental professionals, Hydrogeological Conceptual Site Models: Data Analysis and Visualization explains how to develop effective conceptual site models, perform advanced spatial data analysis, and generate informative graphics for applications in hydrogeology and groundwater remediation. Written by expert practitioners, this full-color book illustrates how fundamental hydrogeological concepts are translated into quantitative, high-resolution computer visualizations. In addition, the authors discuss topics not typically covered in conventional textbooks, including GIS technology and the relationship between conceptual site models and environmental policy. Advanced Methods for Data Analysis and Visualization Featuring more than 500 color illustrations, this unique and visually powerful book outlines the required elements of a conceptual site model and provides numerous examples of supporting charts, cross-sections, maps, and 3D graphics. The authors describe advanced analytical methods such as geospatial processing, kriging, and groundwater modeling through practical real-life examples. They also present numerous case studies in groundwater supply and remediation to help explain key engineering design concepts. Data-Driven Assessments of Groundwater Management Policy The authors tackle controversial topics, ranging from technical impracticability of groundwater remediation to sustainable management of groundwater resources. They encourage discussion and independent thought about how current environmental policies and practices can evolve to achieve better outcomes at less cost to society. Practical Strategies for Communicating Your Findings to the General Public While the book is technical in nature, equations and advanced theory are kept to a minimum. The text focuses on practical strategies to help you create easy-to-understand data tables, graphs, maps, and illustrations for technical and nontechnical audiences alike. A companion DVD includes animations, reference material, modeling software, and more.

Hydrology

An Introduction

Author: Wilfried Brutsaert

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1107268796

Category: Science

Page: N.A

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Water in its different forms has always been a source of wonder, curiosity and practical concern for humans everywhere. Hydrology: An Introduction presents a coherent introduction to the fundamental principles of hydrology, based on the course that Wilfried Brutsaert has taught at Cornell University for the last thirty years. Hydrologic phenomena are dealt with at spatial and temporal scales at which they occur in nature. The physics and mathematics necessary to describe these phenomena are introduced and developed, and readers will require a working knowledge of calculus and basic fluid mechanics. The book will be invaluable as a textbook for entry-level courses in hydrology directed at advanced seniors and graduate students in physical science and engineering. In addition, the book will be more broadly of interest to professional scientists and engineers in hydrology, environmental science, meteorology, agronomy, geology, climatology, oceanology, glaciology and other earth sciences.

Modern Hydrology and Sustainable Water Development

Author: S. K. Gupta

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 9781444347722

Category: Science

Page: 464

View: 5649

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The material of this book will derive its scientific under-pinning from basics of mathematics, physics, chemistry, geology, meteorology, engineering, soil science, and related disciplines and will provide sufficient breadth and depth of understanding in each sub-section of hydrology. It will start with basic concepts: Water, its properties, its movement, modelling and quality The distribution of water in space and time Water resource sustainability Chapters on ‘global change’ and ‘water and ethics’ aim respectively to emphasize the central role of hydrological cycle and its quantitative understanding and monitoring for human well being and to familiarize the readers with complex issues of equity and justice in large scale water resource development process. Modern Hydrology for Sustainable Development is intended not only as a textbook for students in earth and environmental science and civil engineering degree courses, but also as a reference for professionals in fields as diverse as environmental planning, civil engineering, municipal and industrial water supply, irrigation and catchment management.

Standard Handbook of Environmental Science, Health, and Technology

Author: Jay H. Lehr,Janet K. Lehr

Publisher: McGraw Hill Professional

ISBN: 9780070383098

Category: Health & Fitness

Page: 1600

View: 9543

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The most comprehensive single volume ever assembled for the environmental professional--a one-stop, all-under-one-roof overview of environmental engineering subject areas, and a task-simplifying toolkit designed to simplify day-to-day decisions. Covers the varied topics of interest for today's environmental scientist: mathematical modeling, statistics, plant pathology, as well as engineering problem-solving, management decision-making, and public communication. The perfect resource for biologists, hydrologists, geologists, engineers, chemists, and toxicologists. Packed with numerous tables, charts, illustrations, sampling methods, monitoring methods, testing methods, control techniques, equipment maintenance procedures, and calculation methods. Includes lesson-filled editorial commentary by many of the nearly 100 environmental scientists who have contributed to this book.

Hydrology

An Environmental Approach

Author: Ian Watson

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 9781566700870

Category: Science

Page: 722

View: 5905

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Hydrology covers the fundamentals of hydrology and hydrogeology, taking an environmental slant dictated by the emphasis in recent times for the remediation of contaminated aquifers and surface-water bodies as well as a demand for new designs that impose the least negative impact on the natural environment. Major topics covered include hydrological principles, groundwater flow, groundwater contamination and clean-up, groundwater applications to civil engineering, well hydraulics, and surface water. Additional topics addressed include flood analysis, flood control, and both ground-water and surface-water applications to civil engineering design.

Environmental Hydrology, Second Edition

Author: Andy D. Ward,Stanley W. Trimble

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 1420056611

Category: Science

Page: 502

View: 9604

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The technological advances of recent years include the emergence of new remote sensing and geographic information systems that are invaluable for the study of wetlands, agricultural land, and land use change. Students, hydrologists, and environmental engineers are searching for a comprehensive hydrogeologic overview that supplements information on hydrologic processes with data on these new information technology tools. Environmental Hydrology, Second Edition builds upon the foundation of the bestselling first edition by providing a qualitative understanding of hydrologic processes while introducing new methods for quantifying hydrologic parameters and processes. Written by authors with extensive multidisciplinary experience, the text first discusses the components of the hydrologic cycle, then follows with chapters on precipitation, stream processes, human impacts, new information system applications, and numerous other methods and strategies. By updating this thorough text with the newest analytical tools and measurement methodologies in the field, the authors provide an ideal reference for students and professionals in environmental science, hydrology, soil science, geology, ecological engineering, and countless other environmental fields.

Hillslope Hydrology and Stability

Author: Ning Lu,Jonathan W. Godt

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1139619853

Category: Science

Page: N.A

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Landslides are caused by a failure of the mechanical balance within hillslopes. This balance is governed by two coupled physical processes: hydrological or subsurface flow and stress. The stabilizing strength of hillslope materials depends on effective stress, which is diminished by rainfall. This book presents a cutting-edge quantitative approach to understanding hydro-mechanical processes across variably saturated hillslope environments and to the study and prediction of rainfall-induced landslides. Topics covered include historic synthesis of hillslope geomorphology and hydrology, total and effective stress distributions, critical reviews of shear strength of hillslope materials and different bases for stability analysis. Exercises and homework problems are provided for students to engage with the theory in practice. This is an invaluable resource for graduate students and researchers in hydrology, geomorphology, engineering geology, geotechnical engineering and geomechanics and for professionals in the fields of civil and environmental engineering and natural hazard analysis.

Environmental Microbiology

Author: Ian L. Pepper,Charles P. Gerba,Terry J. Gentry,Raina M. Maier

Publisher: Academic Press

ISBN: 9780080919409

Category: Science

Page: 624

View: 5806

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For microbiology and environmental microbiology courses, this leading textbook builds on the academic success of the previous edition by including a comprehensive and up-to-date discussion of environmental microbiology as a discipline that has grown in scope and interest in recent years. From environmental science and microbial ecology to topics in molecular genetics, this edition relates environmental microbiology to the work of a variety of life science, ecology, and environmental science investigators. The authors and editors have taken the care to highlight links between environmental microbiology and topics important to our changing world such as bioterrorism and national security with sections on practical issues such as bioremediation, waterborne pathogens, microbial risk assessment, and environmental biotechnology. WHY ADOPT THIS EDITION? New chapters on: • Urban Environmental Microbiology • Bacterial Communities in Natural Ecosystems • Global Change and Microbial Infectious Disease • Microorganisms and Bioterrorism • Extreme Environments (emphasizing the ecology of these environments) • Aquatic Environments (now devoted to its own chapter- was combined with Extreme Environments) Updates to Methodologies: • Nucleic Acid -Based Methods: microarrays, phyloarrays, real-time PCR, metagomics, and comparative genomics • Physiological Methods: stable isotope fingerprinting and functional genomics and proteomics-based approaches • Microscopic Techniques: FISH (fluorescent in situ hybridization) and atomic force microscopy • Cultural Methods: new approaches to enhanced cultivation of environmental bacteria • Environmental Sample Collection and Processing: added section on air sampling

Geological Fluid Dynamics

Sub-surface Flow and Reactions

Author: Owen M. Phillips

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 0521865557

Category: Science

Page: 285

View: 3816

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Describes fluid flow, transport and contamination in rocks and sediments, for graduate students and professionals in hydrology, water resources, geochemistry.

Urban Watersheds

Geology, Contamination, and Sustainable Development

Author: Martin M. Kaufman,Daniel T. Rogers,Kent S. Murray

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 9781439852828

Category: Nature

Page: 583

View: 1392

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With the continuing increase in population, more people are sharing the finite resources of the urban watershed, resulting in new and increasingly complex interactions between humans and the environment. Environmental contamination is a chronic problem—and an expensive one. In urban areas, water and soil contamination poses a threat to public health and has implications for future development. Taking an interdisciplinary approach, Urban Watersheds: Geology, Contamination, and Sustainable Development offers a framework for those working to improve the urban environment and create sustainable urban watersheds. The book presents over 20 years of research and professional practice on urban watersheds from the fields of environmental geology, geochemistry, risk analysis, hydrology, and urban planning. The geological characteristics of urbanized watersheds along with the properties of their common contaminants are integrated to assess risk factors for soil, groundwater, and air. With a framework rooted in scientific knowledge, the authors demonstrate the benefits of scientifically informed planning and decision making, offering guidelines to improve watershed management practices as well as urban development and redevelopment practices. Suitable for use as a textbook and as a professional practice reference, the book includes case studies on successful and unsuccessful approaches to contaminant remediation as well as practical methods for environmental risk assessment. PowerPoint® presentations of selected portions of the book are available with qualifying course adoption.

Geology

Basics for Engineers

Author: Aurèle Parriaux

Publisher: Taylor & Francis

ISBN: 143987932X

Category: Science

Page: 590

View: 851

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Geology – Basics for Engineers presents the physical and chemical characteristics of the Earth, the nature and the properties of rocks and unconsolidated deposits/sediments, the action of water, how the earth is transformed by various phenomena at different scales of time and space. The book shows the engineer how to take geological conditions into account in his projects, and how to exploit a wide range of natural resources in an intelligent way, reduce geological hazards, and manage subsurface pollution. Through a problem-based-learning approach, this instructional text imparts knowledge and practical experience to engineering students (undergraduate and graduate level), as well as to experts in the fields of civil engineering, environmental engineering, earth sciences, architecture, land and urban planning. The DVD that supplements the book contains solutions to the problems and animations that show additional facets of the living Earth. *The original French edition of the book (2007) won the prestigious Roberval Prize, an international contest organized by the University of Technology of Compiegne in collaboration with the General Council of Oise, France. Geology, Basics for Engineers, was selected out of a total of 110 candidates.The jury praised the book as a “very well conceived teaching textbook” and underscored its highly didactic nature, as well as the excellent quality of its illustrations.