Hydrology in Mountain Regions

Observations, Processes and Dynamics

Author: Danny Marks

Publisher: International Assn of Hydrological Sciences


Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 182

View: 6143


Climate and Hydrology of Mountain Areas

Author: Carmen de Jong,David N. Collins,Roberto Ranzi

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 9780470858141

Category: Nature

Page: 315

View: 2609

Based on a joint effort, which united scientists around the worldto exchange research ideas and results, Climate and Hydrology inMountain Areas provides a comprehensive overview of theinteraction of hydrological and climatological processes inmountain environments. This book provides an understanding ofpresent experimental and theoretical work on hydrology andclimatology in mountain areas, bridging the gap between currentresearch in the two disciplines with a common focus on mountains.It emphasises the need for interdisciplinary work in this field andthe importance of a modern research framework for such studies. Climate and Hydrology in Mountain Areas covers a largediversity of climatological and hydrological environments, withcontributions from countries worldwide. The wide range of topicsare included within five main themes: snow and ice melt, soil waterand permafrost, evapotranspiration and water balance, couplingmeteorology and hydrology, climate change impact and mountainhydrology. This book will emphasise issues of hydrological andmeteorological coupling in mountain areas. Case studies are taken from mountainous regions in Europe,North America and Central Asia. Test sites include mountain ranges in the Alps, GiantMountains, Himalayas, Andes, Norwegian Mountains and Caucasus. This is essential reading for postgraduates and researchersworking in hydrology or climatology/meteorology related mountaintopics. Also suitable for professional organisations, such asgeographical organisations and societies, ministries of science,water authorities, planning agencies and development agencies.Would be of interest to higher-level undergraduates for courses ontopics such as Water Management in Mountain Catchments or MountainHydrology, Meteorology or Climate Change.

Global Change and Mountain Regions

An Overview of Current Knowledge

Author: Uli M. Huber,Harald K.M. Bugmann,Mel A. Reasoner

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 140203508X

Category: Science

Page: 652

View: 8189

This book gives an overview of the state of research in fields pertaining to the detection, understanding and prediction of global change impacts in mountain regions. More than sixty contributions from paleoclimatology, cryospheric research, hydrology, ecology, and development studies are compiled in this volume, each with an outlook on future research directions. The book will interest meteorologists, geologists, botanists and climatologists.

Remote Sensing in Northern Hydrology

Measuring Environmental Change

Author: Claude R. Dugua,Alain Pietroniro

Publisher: American Geophysical Union

ISBN: 0875904289

Category: Nature

Page: 160

View: 9011

Published by the American Geophysical Union as part of the Geophysical Monograph Series, Volume 163. The North, with its vast and varied landscapes, sparse population, and cold climate has always challenged its explorers: physically, mentally, logistically, and technically. The scientific community in particular has known such challenges in the past and does so today, especially in light of the projected intensification of climate change at high latitudes. Indeed, there are clear signs that change is already ongoing in many environmental variables: Air temperature and annual precipitation (including snowfall) are increasing in many regions; spring snow cover extent is decreasing; lake and river ice freeze-up dates are occurring later and breakup dates earlier; glaciers are retreating rapidly; permafrost temperatures are increasing and, in many cases, the permafrost is thawing; and sea-ice extent is at record minimums and thinning.

Assessment of the Impacts of Climate Change on Mountain Hydrology

Development of a Methodology Through a Case Study in the Andes of Peru

Author: Walter Vergara,Alejandro Deeb,Irene Leino

Publisher: World Bank Publications

ISBN: 0821386638

Category: Science

Page: 157

View: 9567

"Climate change is beginning to have effects on climate, weather and resource availability in ways that need to be anticipated when planning for the future. In particular, changes in rainfall patterns and temperature may impact the intensity or schedule of water availability. Also the retreat of tropical glaciers, the drying of unique Andean wetland ecosystems, as well as increased weather variability and weather extremes will affect water regulation. These changes have the potential to impact the energy and other sectors, such as agriculture, and could have broader economic effects.Anticipating the impacts of climate change is a new frontier. There are few examples of predictions of the impact of climate change on resource availability and even fewer examples of the applications of such predictions to planning for sustainable economic development. However, having access to an effective methodology would allow planners and policy makers to better plan for adaptation measures to address the consequences of climate change on the power and water sectors.This report presents a summary of the efforts to develop methodological tools for the assessment of climate impacts on surface hydrology in the Peruvian Andes. It is targeted to decision makers in Peru and in other countries to give them guidance on how to choose available and suitable tools and make an assessment of climate impacts on water regulation."

Floods and Landslides: Integrated Risk Assessment

Author: Riccardo Casale,Claudio Margottini

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 3642586090

Category: Nature

Page: 375

View: 1106

A review of such natural disasters as floods and landslides, highlighting the possibility of safe and correct land planning and management by means of a global approach to territory. Since the events deriving from slope and fluvial dynamics are commonly triggered by the same factor, occur at the same time and are closely related, this book analyses floods and slope stability phenomena as different aspects of the same dynamic system: the drainage basin.

Mountain Rivers Revisited

Author: Ellen Wohl

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1118671686

Category: Science

Page: 573

View: 5734

Published by the American Geophysical Union as part of the Water Resources Monograph Series, Volume 19. What are the forms and processes characteristic of mountain rivers and how do we know them? Mountain Rivers Revisited, an expanded and updated version of the earlier volume Mountain Rivers, answers these questions and more. Here is the only comprehensive synthesis of current knowledge about mountain rivers available. While continuing to focus on physical process and form in mountain rivers, the text also addresses the influences of tectonics, climate, and land use on rivers, as well as water chemistry, hyporheic exchange, and riparian and aquatic ecology. With its numerous illustrations and references, hydrologists, geomorphologists, civil and environmental engineers, ecologists, resource planners, and their students will find this book an essential resource. Ellen Wohl received her Ph.D. in geology in 1988 from the University of Arizona. Since then, she has worked primarily on mountain and bedrock rivers in diverse environments.

Mediterranean Mountain Environments

Author: Ioannis Vogiatzakis

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1118343980

Category: Science

Page: 240

View: 3468

Mediterranean mountains exhibit many similarities in theirbiotic ecological, physical and environmental characteristics.There are also many differences in terms of their humancolonization pattern, historic land uses and current anthopogenicpressures. This book provides an introduction to these environments ofmountainous areas in the Mediterranean and their changes in timeand space in relation to both natural and cultural factors. Mediterranean Mountain Environments places itsemphasis on physical geography while adopting an integratedapproach to the whole subject area. The book draws examples from awide range of environments, demonstrating the interaction betweenhuman and physical processes responsible for shaping mountainareas. Risks and conflicts, as well as methods and tools for theconservation and management of both the natural and culturalenvironment are covered in the light of future challenges for thesustainable development of the Mediterranean mountains. Emphasis on both mainland and island mountain ranges Combines natural and cultural approach in the topic Integrated approach: facing future challenges based on thestudy and understanding of the historical processes that haveshaped the Mediterranean mountains Key references at the end of each chapter


A Science for Engineers

Author: André Musy,Benoit Hingray,Cécile Picouet

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 1466590602

Category: Nature

Page: 592

View: 6182

This book presents the main hydrological methods and techniques used in the design and operation of hydraulic projects and the management of water resources and associated natural risks. It covers the key topics of water resources engineering, from the estimation of runoff volumes and unit hydrographs to the routing of flows along a river and through lakes, reservoirs, and hydraulic structures. It deals with questions regarding basic hydrological data, hydrological modeling and the prediction and forecasting of low flows and flood discharges.

Ecohydrology of High Mountain Areas

Proceedings of the International Conference on Ecohydrology of High Mountain Areas, Kathmandu, Nepal, 24-28 March 1996

Author: N.A

Publisher: N.A


Category: Science

Page: 680

View: 9101


Snow and Ice Hydrology in the United States

Current Status and Future Directions : Final Report of the Work Group on Snow and Ice Hydrology of the United States National Committee for the International Hydrological Decade, National Research Council

Author: N.A

Publisher: National Academies


Category: Ice

Page: 61

View: 7237


Hydrology and Water Resources in Tropical Regions

Author: J. Balek

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 9780080870090

Category: Science

Page: 268

View: 5288

A comprehensive, integrated view of the behaviour of the tropical hydrological cycle under various ecological, geographical and climatological conditions. The book also examines the problems of water management in relation to agriculture and civil engineering.

Snow and Glacier Hydrology

Author: P. Singh

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9780792367673

Category: Science

Page: 756

View: 3412

This book provides an updated discussion of snow and glacier hydrology, drawing on the results of recent investigations. It serves as a source of reference at the senior undergraduate or beginning graduate level and stimulates further interest in this important part of the hydrologic cycle.

Regional Hydrological Response to Climate Change

Author: J. A. A. Jones,Changming Liu,Hsiang-Te Kung,Ming-Ko Woo

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9780792343295

Category: Science

Page: 429

View: 5543

The potential impact of global warming on water resources is of major national and international concern. This book draws together research work aimed at providing global and regional syntheses of the likely hydrological effects of climate change over the coming century. The chapters range from assessments at continental and sub-continental scale, to the development of new methodological approaches for down-scaling climatic predictions, analyses of recent trends in hydrometric data, and reviews of ongoing research on regional hydrological impacts. Although it is still early days for climatic impact prediction, the book demonstrates considerable unaniminity in its general conclusions.

Predictions in Ungauged Basins

Promise and Progress

Author: Murugesu Sivapalan

Publisher: International Assn of Hydrological Sciences

ISBN: 9781901502480

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 520

View: 7539

Presents peer-reviewed papers selected from a symposium which coincided with completion of Phase 1 of the IAHS PUB initiative (2003-2012). Guided by the PUB Science and Implementation Plan, the papers are organized into five sections that focus on the distinct PUB themes: 1. Model improvements through Detailed Process Studies. 2. Model Evaluation and Comparison: Uncertainty Analysis and Diagnostics. 3. New Data Collection Approaches and Model Development. 4. New Modeling Approaches and Methods for Testing Models Against Observations. 5. Progress in PUB Implementation: PUB Working Groups.

Mountain Environments

An Examination of the Physical Geography of Mountains

Author: John Gerrard

Publisher: MIT Press

ISBN: 9780262071284

Category: Science

Page: 317

View: 7836

Using examples chosen from a variety of geographical settings and scales, A. J. Gerrard presents a novel approach to the study of mountain environments. He provides a framework in which mountains as special environments can be studied and shows how, no matter what their location or origin all mountain regions share common characteristics and undergo similar shaping processes. Gerrard's integrated approach combines ecological, climatological, hydrological, volcanic, and environmental management concerns in a systematic treatment of mountain geomorphology. He begins by examining the special nature of mountains, including a new classification of mountain types. He discusses mountain ecosystems, stressing the interaction between biota, soil, climate, relief, and geology, examines the high-energy systems of weathering and mass movement, and analyzes the role of rivers and hydrology and the processes of slope evolution. Two chapters are devoted to the particular characteristics of glaciation and vulcanism in mountain formation. The book concludes with a discussion of the special problems that human use of mountain regions create, including engineering, natural hazards, soil erosion, and the concept of integrated development.