Climate Changes during the Holocene and their Impact on Hydrological Systems

Author: Arie S. Issar

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9781139436403

Category: Science

Page: N.A

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It is now widely accepted that increasing concentrations of greenhouse gases in the atmosphere are causing higher global atmospheric temperatures. However, there is still a great deal of uncertainty about the likely effects of such a temperature rise on climate, and even more about the impacts of climate change and variability on the world's hydrological regimes and socio-economic systems. Studying the effects of climate variability in the past can give clues as to possible future effects. This volume provides a comprehensive review of the effects of climate variability on hydrological and human systems in the Holocene (the last 10,000 years), in various parts of the world. The book concentrates on the regions bordering the Mediterranean Sea, western and central Europe, China, Japan, West and South Africa and the southwestern USA. This book will be of value to researchers and professionals in hydrology, climatology, geology and historical geography.

Regional Hydrological Impacts of Climatic Change: Impact assessment and decision making

Author: Stewart W. Franks

Publisher: International Assn of Hydrological Sciences

ISBN: 9781901502084

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 356

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First considers the assessment of the hydrological impacts of future climate and then addresses decision making for mitigation/adaptation strategies, given the uncertainties associated with predictions by water resources and hydrological extremes models.

Handbook of Engineering Hydrology

Modeling, Climate Change, and Variability

Author: Saeid Eslamian

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 1466552476

Category: Science

Page: 646

View: 4037

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While most books examine only the classical aspects of hydrology, this three-volume set covers multiple aspects of hydrology. It examines new approaches, addresses growing concerns about hydrological and ecological connectivity, and considers the worldwide impact of climate change. It also provides updated material on hydrological science and engineering, discussing recent developments as well as classic approaches. Published in three books, Fundamentals and Applications; Modeling, Climate Change, and Variability; and Environmental Hydrology and Water Management, the entire set consists of 87 chapters, and contains 29 chapters in each book. The chapters in this book contain information on: Climate change and hydrological hazards, hydrological modeling, and urban water systems, as well as climate change impacts on hydrology and water resources, climate change uncertainty, vulnerability, and adaption Rainfall estimation and changes, hydrological changes of mangrove ecosystems, impact of the development of vegetation on flow conditions and flood hazards, urbanization impacts on runoff regime, and discretization in urban watersheds Artificial neural network-based modeling of hydrologic processes, flow and sediment transport modeling in rivers, hybrid hydrological modeling, hydrologic modeling: stochastic processes, and time series analysis of hydrologic data Dam risk and uncertainty, drought indices for drought risk assessment in a changing climate, hydrologic prediction and uncertainty quantification, uncertainty and risk of the PMP and PMF Geostatistics applications in hydrology, GIS applications in a changing climate, GIS-based upland erosion mapping, regional flood frequency analysis, regionalization of hydrological extreme events, remote sensing data and information for hydrological monitoring and modeling Application of copulas in hydrology, bankfull frequency of rivers, statistical parameters used for assessing hydrological regime, significance of statistical tests and persistence in hydrologic processes Students, practitioners, policy makers, consultants and researchers can benefit from the use of this text.

Climate Change and Groundwater

Author: Walter Dragoni,Balbir S. Sukhija

Publisher: Geological Society of London

ISBN: 9781862392359

Category: Science

Page: 186

View: 8652

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There is a general consensus that for the next few decades at least, the Earth will continue its warming. This will inevitably bring about serious environmental problems. For human society, the most severe will be those related to alterations of the hydrological cycle, which is already heavily influenced by human activities. Climate change will directly affect groundwater recharge, groundwater quality and the freshwater-seawater interface. The variations of groundwater storage inevitably entail a variety of geomorphological and engineering effects. In the areas where water resources are likely to diminish, groundwater will be one of the main solutions to prevent drought. In spite of its paramount importance, the issue of 'Climate Change and Groundwater' has been neglected. This volume presents some of the current understanding of the topic.

Regional Hydrological Impacts of Climatic Change: Hydroclimatic variability

Author: Thorsten Wagener,Stewart W. Franks

Publisher: International Assn of Hydrological Sciences

ISBN: 9781901502138

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 300

View: 7715

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Brings together and provides an overview of diverse investigations from different climate zones and regions, many of the contributions focusing on historic variability as a function of climate and/or land-use change.

Climate change and the global harvest

potential impacts of the greenhouse effect on agriculture

Author: Cynthia Rosenzweig,Daniel Hillel

Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA

ISBN: N.A

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 324

View: 8355

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This book analyzes and elucidates the nature of predictable changes on the world's agricultural system caused by the so-called greenhouse effect. Its aim is to educate students at the undergraduate level about how the climatic factors affecting agriculture may be modified in the future, andwhat practical adaptations might be undertaken to prevent or overcome any possible adverse impacts on our ability to feed the world's population. The book draws on several complimentary disciplines, including atmospheric science, hydrology, soil science, crop physiology, and resource economics, andintegrates the relevant aspects of these fields.

Climatic Variability in Sixteenth-Century Europe and Its Social Dimension

Author: Christian Pfister,Rudolf Brázdil,Rüdiger Glaser

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9401592594

Category: Science

Page: 354

View: 777

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A multidecadal cooling is known to have occurred in Europe in the final decades of the sixteenth-century. It is still open to debate as to what might have caused the underlying shifts in atmospheric circulation and how these changes affected societies. This book is the fruit of interdisciplinary cooperation among 37 scientists including climatologists, hydrologists, glaciologists, dendroclimatologists, and economic and cultural historians. The known documentary climatic evidence from six European countries is compared to results of tree-ring studies. Seasonal temperature and precipitation are estimated from this data and monthly mean surface pressure patterns in the European area are reconstructed for outstanding anomalies. Results are compared to fluctuations of Alpine glaciers and to changes in the frequency of severe floods and coastal storms. Moreover, the impact of climate change on grain prices and wine production is assessed. Finally, it is convincingly argued that witches at that time were burnt as scapegoats for climatic change.

Tourism, Recreation and Climate Change

Author: Prof. C. Michael Hall,Dr. James Higham

Publisher: Channel View Publications

ISBN: 1845413148

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 336

View: 4987

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Climate change is one of the major issues facing us today and has been described as a threat greater than terrorism. As the world's largest industry tourism both contributes to and will be dramatically affected by climate change. This is the first comprehensive book-level examination of the relationship between tourism and climate change, of interest not only to students of tourism but to policy makers and the industry who will have to respond to the challenges posed.

Climate and Hydrology of Mountain Areas

Author: Carmen de Jong,David N. Collins,Roberto Ranzi

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 9780470858141

Category: Nature

Page: 315

View: 3610

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Based on a joint effort, which united scientists around the worldto exchange research ideas and results, Climate and Hydrology inMountain Areas provides a comprehensive overview of theinteraction of hydrological and climatological processes inmountain environments. This book provides an understanding ofpresent experimental and theoretical work on hydrology andclimatology in mountain areas, bridging the gap between currentresearch in the two disciplines with a common focus on mountains.It emphasises the need for interdisciplinary work in this field andthe importance of a modern research framework for such studies. Climate and Hydrology in Mountain Areas covers a largediversity of climatological and hydrological environments, withcontributions from countries worldwide. The wide range of topicsare included within five main themes: snow and ice melt, soil waterand permafrost, evapotranspiration and water balance, couplingmeteorology and hydrology, climate change impact and mountainhydrology. This book will emphasise issues of hydrological andmeteorological coupling in mountain areas. Case studies are taken from mountainous regions in Europe,North America and Central Asia. Test sites include mountain ranges in the Alps, GiantMountains, Himalayas, Andes, Norwegian Mountains and Caucasus. This is essential reading for postgraduates and researchersworking in hydrology or climatology/meteorology related mountaintopics. Also suitable for professional organisations, such asgeographical organisations and societies, ministries of science,water authorities, planning agencies and development agencies.Would be of interest to higher-level undergraduates for courses ontopics such as Water Management in Mountain Catchments or MountainHydrology, Meteorology or Climate Change.

Evaluating Climate Change and Development

Author: Rob D. van den Berg,Osvaldo N. Feinstein

Publisher: Transaction Publishers

ISBN: 1412815339

Category: Nature

Page: 454

View: 5163

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Climate change has become one of the most important global issues of our time, with far-reaching natural, socio-economic, and political effects. To address climate change and development issues from the perspective of evaluation, an international conference was held in Alexandria, Egypt. This book distills the essence of that timely conference, building on the experiences of more than 400 reports and studies presented. Developing countries may be particularly vulnerable to the expected onslaught of higher temperatures, rising sea levels, changing waterfall patterns, and increasing natural disasters. All societies will have to reduce their vulnerability to these changes, and this book describes how vulnerabilities may be addressed in a systematic manner so that governments and local communities may better understand what is happening. Different approaches are also discussed, including the use of human security as a criterion for evaluation as well as ways to deal with risk and uncertainty. Evaluating Climate Change and Development presents a rich variety of methods to assess adaptation through monitoring and evaluation. The volume deals with climate change, development, and evaluation; challenges and lessons learned from evaluations; mitigation of climate change; adaptation to climate change; vulnerability, risks and climate change; and presents a concluding chapter on the road ahead. Collectively the authors offer a set of approaches and techniques for the monitoring and evaluation of climate change.

Climate change impacts on hydrology and water resources of the Upper Blue Nile River Basin, Ethiopia

Author: Kim, U., Kaluarachchi, J. J., Smakhtin, V. U.

Publisher: IWMI

ISBN: 9290906960

Category: Climate change mitigation

Page: 21

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The report evaluates the impacts of climate change on the hydrological regime and water resources of the Blue Nile River Basin in Ethiopia. It starts from the construction of the climate change scenarios based on the outcomes of several general circulation models (GCMs), uses a simple hydrological model to convert theses scenarios into runoff, and examines the impacts by means of a set of indices. The results, however uncertain with existing accuracy of climate models, suggest that the region is likely to have the future potential to produce hydropower, increase flow duration, and increase water storage capacity without affecting outflows to the riparian countries in the 2050s.

Climate Variability, Predictability and Climate Risks

A European Perspective

Author: Heinz Wanner,Martin Grosjean,Regine Röthlisberger,Elena Xoplaki

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 1402057148

Category: Science

Page: 162

View: 9865

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This book provides an integrated assessment of issues related to climate variability and change, predictability and risks. It details both the technical aspects of variability and abrupt climate change and the agricultural and economical impacts and consequences.