Impacts of Urban Growth on Surface Water and Groundwater Quality

Proceedings of an International Symposium Held During IUGG 99, the XXII General Assembly of the International Union of Geodesy and Geophysics, at Birmingham, UK 18-30 July 1999

Author: J. Bryan Ellis

Publisher: IAHS Press

ISBN: 9781901502060

Category: Environmental impact analysis

Page: 437

View: 7697

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Biogeochemical Investigations of Terrestrial, Freshwater, and Wetland Ecosystems across the Globe

Author: R. Kelman Wieder,Martin Novák,Melanie A. Vile

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9400709528

Category: Science

Page: 748

View: 9803

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Here is a collection of papers from BIOGEOMON, The Fourth International Symposium on Ecosystem Behavior. The contributions address a wider-than-ever range of concerns: aspects of catchment monitoring and modeling; nitrogen transformations and processes; stable and radiogenic isotopes; biogeochemistry of restored ecosystems; and the dynamics of such chemicals as mercury and phosphorous, among many other topics.

Groundwater in Urban Development

Assessing Management Needs and Formulating Policy Strategies

Author: Stephen S. D. Foster,Adrian Lawrence,Brian Morris

Publisher: World Bank Publications

ISBN: 9780821340721

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 55

View: 3793

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This paper highlights key urban groundwater issues and management needs. It also raises awareness and understanding of hydrogeological processes in urban areas and provides a framework for the proper and systematic consideration of groundwater dimensions in urban management. This paper suggests options for greater sustainable development and management of groundwater in urban areas.

Urban Sprawl and Public Health

Designing, Planning, and Building for Healthy Communities

Author: Howard Frumkin,Lawrence Frank,Richard J. Jackson

Publisher: Island Press

ISBN: 9781559633055

Category: House & Home

Page: 338

View: 1973

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In Urban Sprawl and Public Health, Howard Frumkin, Lawrence Frank, and Richard Jackson, three of the nation's leading public health and urban planning experts explore an intriguing question: How does the physical environment in which we live affect our health? For decades, growth and development in our communities has been of the low-density, automobile-dependent type known as sprawl. The authors examine the direct and indirect impacts of sprawl on human health and well-being, and discuss the prospects for improving public health through alternative approaches to design, land use, and transportation. Urban Sprawl and Public Health offers a comprehensive look at the interface of urban planning, architecture, transportation, community design, and public health. It summarizes the evidence linking adverse health outcomes with sprawling development, and outlines the complex challenges of developing policy that promotes and protects public health. Anyone concerned with issues of public health, urban planning, transportation, architecture, or the environment will want to read Urban Sprawl and Public Health.

Intensive Use of Groundwater:

Challenges and Opportunities

Author: M. Ramon Llamas,E. Custodio

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 9789058093905

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 484

View: 5984

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This text is written by a number of authors from different countries and disciplines, affording the reader an invaluable and unbiased perspective on the subject of intensive groundwater development. Based on information gathered from the experience of many countries over the last decades, the text aims to present a clear discussion on the conventional hydrogeological aspects of intensive groundwater use, along with the ecological, legal, institutional, economic and social challenges. Divided into two main sections, the first group of authors put forward the positive and negative aspects of intensive groundwater use, whilst a second group provide an overview of the situation specific countries face as a consequence of this phenomenon. Fully revised and up-to-date, Groundwater Intensive Use makes a significant number of discoveries in a subject area that is topical in today's climate.

Impact of Human Activity on Groundwater Dynamics

Proceedings of an International Symposium (Symposium S3) Held During the Sixth Scientific Assembly of the International Association of Hydrological Sciences (IAHS) at Maastricht, The Netherlands, from 18 to 27 July 2001

Author: Hans Gehrels

Publisher: International Assn of Hydrological Sciences

ISBN: 9781901502565

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 369

View: 3824

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Proceedings of the First National Expert and Stakeholder Workshop on Water Infrastructure Sustainability and Adaptation to Climate Change

Author: Y. Jeffrey Yang

Publisher: DIANE Publishing

ISBN: 143792056X

Category:

Page: 130

View: 3149

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This EPA Workshop was held on Jan. 6-7, 2009, in Arlington, VA. It was attended by more than 130 invited experts and stakeholders from the federal, research, utility, engineering, academic, and NGO sectors. The workshop included several plenary sessions, as well as two concurrent tracks: Climate Change Impacts on Hydrology and Water Resource Management; and Adaptive Management and Engineering: Information and Tools. These proceedings include summaries of each of the presentations, as well as the discussion sessions. Where available, hyperlinks are provided to each of the presentations on the EPA Web site. For each session, hyperlinks to the transcript of the presenter¿s remarks are provided. Illus.

Urban Water Engineering and Management

Author: Mohammad Karamouz,Ali Moridi,Sara Nazif

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 1439882517

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 628

View: 4358

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In past decades, urban water management practices focused on optimizing the design and operation of water distribution networks, wastewater collection systems, and water and wastewater treatment plants. However, municipalities are now faced with aging urban water infrastructures whose operation must be improved and expanded to maintain current high standards of living as well as new challenges such as climate change, systems sustainability and water quality issues. Integrating the latest developments in urban water hydrology and management, Urban Water Engineering and Management takes a system approach to urban water hydrology, engineering, planning and management, supplying examples and case studies and highlighting pressing issues such as urban water governance, disaster management, and climate change impacts on urban areas. The book draws attention to climate change as a main concern of this century by focusing on its impact the components of water cycle. The book covers modeling of urban water cycle components, urban water supply, and distribution systems demand forecasting. It also presents classical issues, such as design of water distribution networks and wastewater and storm collection in urban settings, from a system's perspective. The text also includes a discussion of water governance and disaster management in urban areas and the urbanization effects on the environment and the needed water infrastructure development in urban areas. Against this background, the authors discuss the importance of understanding the principles of simulation, optimization, multiple-criterion decision making, and conflict resolution for successful, integrated urban water management. They explore integrated water management and planning solutions for incorporating structural and nonstructural means to achieve the best operational schemes at affordable costs, going beyond using the existing structures and physical limitations on water availability to include technical, social, political, and economic aspects of better water and wastewater management in urban areas. Written and designed especially for intermediate and advanced courses/modules in water resources in civil and environmental engineering, and in urban planning, the book can be used as a textbook for civil engineering, urban and regional planning, geography, environmental science, and in courses dealing with urban water cycle. It also introduces new horizons for engineers as well as policy and decision makers who plan for future urban water and regional sustainability. Engineers and planners, especially those who work on design, planning, and management of urban systems and/or community development, can use this book in practice because it deals with a broad range of real world urban water problems.

Applied Groundwater Studies in Africa

IAH Selected Papers on Hydrogeology

Author: Segun Adelana,Alan MacDonald

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 0203889495

Category: Science

Page: 502

View: 7838

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Groundwater is Africa’s most precious natural resource, providing reliable water supplies for many people. Further development of groundwater resources is fundamental to increasing access to safe water across the continent to meet coverage targets and reduce poverty. There is also an increasing interest in the use of groundwater for irrigated agriculture as the climate becomes more variable. Sustainable development of the resource is not a trivial task and depends crucially on an understanding of the hydrogeology and people with the skills to make informed decisions on how groundwater can best be developed and managed in a sustainable fashion. Despite these obvious needs, however, little attention has been paid to the systematic gathering of information about groundwater resources in the past few decades, with the result that data are patchy, knowledge is limited and investment is poorly targeted. This book was written to start to bridge the knowledge gap. The 29 chapters are written by a combination of practitioners and researchers mainly from within Africa using experience from recent and ongoing projects. The chapters highlight the complexity and variety of issues surrounding the development and management of groundwater resources across Africa, and provide a snapshot of groundwater research and application in the early 21st century. Chapters range from strategic discussions of the role of groundwater in development and poverty reduction, to case studies on techniques used to develop groundwater, and modelling methods for managing groundwater systems.

Underground Infrastructure of Urban Areas

Book + CD-ROM

Author: Cezary Madryas,Bogdan Przybyla,Arkadiusz Szot

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 9780203882290

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 12

View: 1368

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Underground infrastructure (traffic and railway tunnels, water and sewage ducts, garages, and subways) is essential for urbanized areas, as they fulfill an important role in the transportation of people, energy, communication and water. Underground Infrastructure of Urban Areas is a collection of papers on the design, application, and maintenance of underground and subterranean systems, with a focus on geotechnical aspects and town planning issues. The topics covered include: - Gas and potable water pipes; - Underground storage reservoirs; - Urban technical infrastructure and city management; - Drainage system infrastructures; - Micro tunnelling pipelines; - Underground garages; - Material structures; - Road tunnels. Underground Infrastructure of Urban Areas is of interest to academics, designers and builders of underground structures, manufacturers and suppliers of building materials and equipment, and to policy makers involved in managing and maintaining these structures.

Perspectives in Urban Ecology

Ecosystems and Interactions between Humans and Nature in the Metropolis of Berlin

Author: Wilfried Endlicher

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9783642177316

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 352

View: 7653

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This book gives an interdisciplinary overview on urban ecology. Basic understanding of urban nature development and its social reception are discussed for the European Metropolitan Area of Berlin. Furthermore, we investigate specific consequences for the environment, nature and the quality of life for city dwellers due to profound changes such as climate change and the demographic and economic developments associated with the phenomena of shrinking cities. Actual problems of urban ecology should be discussed not only in terms of natural dimensions such as atmosphere, biosphere, pedosphere and hydrosphere but also in terms of social and cultural dimensions such as urban planning, residence and recreation, traffic and mobility and economic values. Our research findings focus on streets, new urban landscapes, intermediate use of brown fields and the relationships between urban nature and the well-being of city dwellers. Finally, the book provides a contribution to the international discussion on urban ecology.

Knowledge Systems of Societies for Adaptation and Mitigation of Impacts of Climate Change

Author: Sunil Nautiyal,K.S. Rao,Harald Kaechele,K.V. Raju,Ruediger Schaldach

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 3642361439

Category: Science

Page: 720

View: 2229

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Climate change is broadly recognized as a key environmental issue affecting social and ecological systems worldwide. At the Cancun summit of the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change’s 16th Conference, the parties jointly agreed that the vulnerable groups particularly in developing countries and whose livelihood is based on land use practices are the most common victims as in most cases their activities are shaped by the climate. Therefore, solving the climate dilemma through mitigation processes and scientific research is an ethical concern. Thus combining the knowledge systems of the societies and scientific evidences can greatly assist in the creation of coping mechanisms for sustainable development in a situation of changing climate. International Humboldt Kolleg focusing on “knowledge systems of societies and Climate Change” was organized at ISEC. This event was of unique importance, as the year 2011-12 was celebrated as the 60th Anniversary of Diplomatic Relations between India and Germany with the motto "Germany and India - Infinite Opportunities." This volume is the outcome of the papers presented during the IHK 2011 at ISEC, India.

Groundwater Quality

Natural and Enhanced Restoration of Groundwater Pollution : Selected and Reviewed Papers Presented at the Groundwater Quality 2001 Conference Held in Sheffield, UK, from 18 to 21 June 2001

Author: Steven F. Thornton,Sascha E. Oswald

Publisher: International Assn of Hydrological Sciences

ISBN: 9781901502862

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 604

View: 1090

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The Use of Best Management Practices (BMPs) in Urban Watersheds

Author: Richard Field,Anthony N. Tafuri

Publisher: DEStech Publications, Inc

ISBN: 9781932078466

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 268

View: 4005

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? Presents and compares all major stormwater/runoff control strategies? New data on pollutant removal efficiencies, design, costs, environmental impacts and more? Where and why to use the best techniques for limiting/monitoring diffuse pollution? Provides the tools to meet regulations and improve water quality in urban/suburban watersheds--------------------------------------------------------------------------------This new book by leading U.S. stormwater experts is a guide to the main techniques for controlling pollutants from diffuse, mainly wet weather, sources. The volume provides a mass of valuable data on the removal efficiencies, costs, and design parameters of all main runoff control structures?from ponds to swales?for large developments to small parking lots. The book gives planners from the county to state levels the up-to-date information needed to incorporate the best and lowest cost methods of controlling wet weather flows into their watershed management programs.The book covers all the essential elements of stormwater control from basic design issues to monitoring?and provides critical data on their effectiveness. Covered here are structural, as well as nonstructural (e.g., educational), techniques. With the information in this book, community water planners and developers can implement the best practices for reducing the environmental impact of wet weather flows. The book will help them protect?and restore?overall surface and groundwater quality. --------------------------------------------------------------------------------