Increasing Climate Change Resilience of Urban Water Infrastructure

Based on a Case Study from Wuhan City, People’s Republic of China

Author: Asian Development Bank

Publisher: Asian Development Bank

ISBN: 9292541196

Category: Science

Page: 72

View: 4098

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This publication bridges the gap between the theoretical analyses of climate change impact on the urban water sector and the planning decisions that municipal authorities and utility managers need to make to increase the sector's climate change resilience. It answers questions that city planners and managers globally currently ask regarding the effects of climate change, particularly on services and utilities, and what we can do to prepare for these. This guide presents steps to determine both Wuhan’s vulnerability to the impact of climate change and the opportunities to improve its resilience. The methodology used combines known approaches and were worked out in consultation with Wuhan authorities. The solutions are presented in an easy-to-follow program of investment decisions, developed through a "bottom-up" approach involving Wuhan stakeholders.

The CSR International Research Compendium: Volume 2 - Environment

Author: Wayne Visser,Ileana Magureanu,Karina Yadav

Publisher: Lulu.com

ISBN: 1908875208

Category:

Page: 620

View: 383

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In this 610 page Compendium, CSR International has compiled summaries of the best research on corporate sustainability, social responsibility and business ethics since 2009. This second volume on Environment profiles over 500 research publications between 2009 and 2014 - including practitioner reports, market surveys and academic papers - from over 80 authors and more 400 organisations. Specifically, it contains research abstracts on the following environment-related topic areas: Sustainable Development and the Green Economy Sustainability Practices Sustainable Resource Use Prevention of Pollution Climate Change Protection of the Environment and Biodiversity Sectoral Approaches We believe this Compendium will serve as an invaluable resource for academics, students, researchers and professionals around the world who share our interest and passion for social responsibility, sustainability, business ethics and corporate accountability.

Climate Resilient Water Resources Management

Author: Robert C. Brears

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 3319788965

Category: Social Science

Page: 119

View: 4303

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The effects of climate change are beginning to impact water quantity and water quality across the globe. However, there is no single action or strategy that any government can implement to ensure a community is resilient to climate change-related extreme weather events while also protecting the natural system. Instead, Robert Brears argues, climate resilient water resources management requires integrated, forward-thinking policies that are not only adaptable to changing climatic conditions but also seek to maximise economic and social welfare in an equitable manner while ensuring the continued health of their ecosystems. This book addresses how several levels of government in different geographical locations, with varying climates, incomes, and lifestyles, have implemented a variety of policies and technologies to ensure communities are resilient to climatic risks, and how these policies preserve and enhance the natural system and its associated ecosystem’s health.

Urban Water Management for Future Cities

Technical and Institutional Aspects from Chinese and German Perspective

Author: Stephan Köster,Moritz Reese,Jiane Zuo

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 3030014886

Category: Science

Page: 499

View: 4496

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This book features expert contributions on key sustainability aspects of urban water management in Chinese agglomerations. Both technical and institutional pathways to sustainable urban water management are developed on the basis of a broad, interdisciplinary problem analysis.

Creating Low Carbon Cities

Author: Shobhakar Dhakal,Matthias Ruth

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 3319497308

Category: Science

Page: 205

View: 8782

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This book addresses key topics in the current deliberations and debates on low carbon cities that are underway globally. Contributions by experts from around the world focus on the key factors required for creating low carbon cities. These include appropriate infrastructure, ensuring co-benefits of climate actions, making best use of knowledge and information, proper accounting of emissions, and social factors such as behavioral change. Readers will gain a better understanding of these drivers and explore potential transformation pathways for cities. Particular emphasis is given to the current situation of energy consumption and greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions at the urban level, stressing the complexity of measuring GHG emissions from cities. Chapters also shed new light on the long-term transformation pathways towards low carbon. This book discusses key challenges and opportunities in all these domains to aid in creating low carbon cities, making it of value to policy makers, researchers in academia and consultants working on climate change and energy issues. “The low carbon cities agenda is of bold ambition and demands rapid societal transformation. This book provides invaluable information and analysis on how the goals of this agenda can be achieved and what will be the significant obstacles in the way. The content in the book goes below the surface to reveal on-the-ground economic, engineering and equity issues that are at the heart of the Paris Climate Agreement and the ensuing policy debates. In this way, Creating Low Carbon Cities serves as a critical scholarly benchmark and as a toolkit for further action." William Solecki, Professor, Institute for Sustainable Cities, City University of New York "Creating Low Carbon Cities provides a refreshingly critical approach to low-carbon urban development, what has been achieved so far and the challenges ahead. It will be an important data-driven resource for local leaders, sustainability practitioners and urban planners.” Ms. Monika Zimmermann, Deputy Secretary General, ICLEI—Local Governments for Sustainability

Proceedings of the First National Expert and Stakeholder Workshop on Water Infrastructure Sustainability and Adaptation to Climate Change

Author: Y. Jeffrey Yang

Publisher: DIANE Publishing

ISBN: 143792056X

Category:

Page: 130

View: 7692

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This EPA Workshop was held on Jan. 6-7, 2009, in Arlington, VA. It was attended by more than 130 invited experts and stakeholders from the federal, research, utility, engineering, academic, and NGO sectors. The workshop included several plenary sessions, as well as two concurrent tracks: Climate Change Impacts on Hydrology and Water Resource Management; and Adaptive Management and Engineering: Information and Tools. These proceedings include summaries of each of the presentations, as well as the discussion sessions. Where available, hyperlinks are provided to each of the presentations on the EPA Web site. For each session, hyperlinks to the transcript of the presenter¿s remarks are provided. Illus.

Adaptation to Climate Change in Southern Africa

New Boundaries for Development

Author: Steffen Bauer,Imme Scholz

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1136542027

Category: Political Science

Page: 120

View: 1601

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Adverse climate impacts are already evident across Southern Africa and pose a serious threat to the development prospects of the region's societies. Sustainable development in this region will depend on the rapid development and implementation of effective adaptation measures. This volume identifies the new socioeconomic and political boundaries to development that result from ongoing climate change in Southern Africa. The collected papers explore the region's potential for a transition to development strategies that combine meaningful socioeconomic investment and adaptation measures while also improving livelihoods in the region. The chapters are backed up by detailed case studies which underscore the urgent need for national governments and multilateral agencies to develop strategies to support Southern Africa's societies in adapting to climate change.

Successful Adaptation to Climate Change

Linking Science and Policy in a Rapidly Changing World

Author: Susanne C. Moser,Maxwell T. Boykoff

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1135071292

Category: Nature

Page: 360

View: 2463

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What does successful adaptation look like? This is a question we are frequently asked by planners, policy makers and other professionals charged with the task of developing and implementing adaptation strategies. While adaptation is increasingly recognized as an important climate risk management strategy, and on-the-ground adaptation planning activity is becoming more common-place, there is no clear guidance as to what success would look like, what to aim for and how to judge progress. This edited volume makes significant progress toward unpacking the question of successful adaptation, offering both scientifically informed and practice-relevant answers from various sectors and regions of the world. It brings together 18 chapters from leading experts within the field to present careful analyses of different cases and situations, questioning throughout commonly avowed truisms and unspoken assumptions that have pervaded climate adaptation science and practice to date. This book offers not one answer but demonstrates how the question of success in important ways is normative and context specific. It identifies the various dimensions of success, such as economic, political, institutional, ecological, and social, explores the tensions between them, and compiles encouraging evidence that resolutions can be found. The book appraises how climatic and non-climatic stressors play a role, what role science does and can play in adaptation decision making, and how trade-offs and other concerns and priorities shape adaptation planning and implementation on the ground. This is timely interdisciplinary text sheds light on key issues that arise in on-the-ground adaptation to climate change. It bridges the gap between science and practical application of successful adaptation strategies and will be of interest to both students, academics and practitioners.

Adapting to Climate Change in Urban Areas

The Possibilities and Constraints in Low- and Middle-income Nations

Author: N.A

Publisher: IIED

ISBN: 184369669X

Category: Cities and towns

Page: 112

View: 7131

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This paper discusses the possibilities and constraints for adaptation to climate change in urban areas in low- and middle-income nations. These contain a third of the world's population and a large proportion of the people and economic activities most at risk from sea-level rise and from the heatwaves, storms and floods whose frequency and/or intensity climate change is likely to increase. Section I outlines both the potentials for adaptation and the constraints. Section II discusses the scale of urban change. Section III considers direct and indirect impacts of climate change on urban areas and which nations, cities and population groups are particularly at risk. This highlights how prosperous, well-governed cities could generally adapt, but most of the world's urban population lives in cities or smaller urban centres ill-equipped for adaptation. A key part of adaptation concerns infrastructure and buildings - but much of the urban population in Africa, Asia and Latin America lack the infrastructure to adapt. Most international agencies have long refused to support urban programmes, especially those that address these problems. Section IV discusses innovations by urban governments and community organizations and in financial systems that address such problems, including the relevance of recent innovations in disaster-risk reduction for adaptation. It notes how few city and national governments are taking any action on adaptation. Section V discusses how local innovation in adaptation can be encouraged and supported at national scale, and the funding needed to support this. Section VI considers the mechanisms for financing this and the larger ethical challenges that achieving adaptation raises - especially the fact that most climate-change-related urban (and rural) risks are in low-income nations with the least adaptive capacity, including many that have contributed very little to greenhouse-gas emissions.

Climate Change Adaptation in Practice

From Strategy Development to Implementation

Author: Philipp Schmidt-Thome,Johannes Klein

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1118474678

Category: Science

Page: 344

View: 4460

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Climate change adaptation is increasingly recognized ascomplementary part to climate change mitigation. Climatechange affects sea level, the extent of flood prone areas andprecipitation patterns among many others. To adapt to thesechanges, the tasks of municipalities and cities are to implementpolicies and strategies for changes in land use and coastalmanagement as part of their future development. It is ofvital importance to address the uncertainties of climate changescenarios when proposing adaptation measures that are sociallyviable and economically reasonable. The decision makingprocess, promoted here, is based on scientific excellence as wellon an integrated communication process. This book provides a comprehensive overview of key elementsrequired for effective analysis and assessment of climate changeimpacts, economic cost-benefit analysis, communication processesand creation and transfer of knowledge, governance issues andimplementation of related policies. It describes the resultsachieved by the BaltCICA (ahref="http://www.baltcica.org/"www.baltcica.org/a) project whosecontributors come from the scientific and public administrationcommunities. The regional cooperation has led to the implementationof climate change adaptation in several case studies. The BaltCICAproject developed concepts, methodologies and tools for climatechange adaptation that can be translated across other globalregions. Scientists and students working on the development of climatechange and adaptation strategies; public administrators inthe related fields on local, regional and state level includingenvironment, water management, civil defense; as well asprofessionals working with adaptation technologies, includingengineering, technological solutions, urban planning agencies andconstruction, will value this innovative book.

Wasser Und Stadte: Sicherung Einer Nachhaltigen Zukunft

Author: Oecd

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9789264239197

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 192

View: 7139

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Thema dieses Berichts sind die Herausforderungen fur das urbane Wassermanagement im OECD-Raum. Untersucht werden Massnahmen auf nationaler und kommunaler Ebene in Bezug auf Wasserrisiken, die stadtische Infrastruktur und Dynamik sowie Institutionen und Gov"

Building Urban Resilience

Principles, Tools, and Practice

Author: Abhas K. Jha,Todd W. Miner,Zuzana Stanton-Geddes

Publisher: World Bank Publications

ISBN: 0821398261

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 206

View: 7356

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This handbook is a resource for enhancing disaster resilience in urban areas. It summarizes the guiding principles, tools, and practices in key economic sectors that can facilitate incorporation of resilience concepts into decisions about infrastructure investments and urban management that are integral to reducing disaster and climate risks.

Climate Change and Water

International Perspectives on Mitigation and Adaptation

Author: Carol Howe,Joel B. Smith,Jim Henderson

Publisher: IWA Publishing

ISBN: 1583217304

Category: Science

Page: 309

View: 2435

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Professionals are sure to understand the effects of climate change on urban water and wastewater utilities with this collection of international scientific papers. Case studies and practical planning, mitigating, and adapting information are provided on greenhouse gases, energy use, and water supply and quality issues.

Climate Change and Infrastructure, Urban Systems, and Vulnerabilities

Technical Report for the U.S. Department of Energy in Support of the National Climate Assessment

Author: Thomas J. Wilbanks,Steven Fernandez

Publisher: Island Press

ISBN: 1610915569

Category: Science

Page: 108

View: 4431

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Hurricane Irene ruptured a Baltimore sewer main, resulting in 100 million gallons of raw sewage flooding the local watershed. Levee failures during Hurricane Katrina resulted in massive flooding which did not recede for months. With temperatures becoming more extreme, and storms increasing in magnitude, American infrastructure and risk-management policies require close examination in order to decrease the damage wrought by natural disasters. Climate Change and Infrastructure, Urban Systems, and Vulnerabilities addresses these needs by examining how climate change affects urban buildings and communities, and determining which regions are the most vulnerable to environmental disaster. It looks at key elements of urban systems, including transportation, communication, drainage, and energy, in order to better understand the damages caused by climate change and extreme weather. How can urban systems become more resilient? How can citizens protect their cities from damage, and more easily rebound from destructive storms? This report not only breaks new ground as a component of climate change vulnerability and impact assessments but also highlights critical research gaps in the material. Implications of climate change are examined by assessing historical experience as well as simulating future conditions. Developed to inform the 3rd National Climate Assessment, and a landmark study in terms of its breadth and depth of coverage and conducted under the auspices of the U.S. Department of Energy, Climate Change and Infrastructure, Urban Systems, and Vulnerabilities examines the known effects and relationships of climate change variables on American infrastructure and risk-management policies. Its rich science and case studies will enable policymakers, urban planners, and stakeholders to develop a long-term, self-sustained assessment capacity and more effective risk-management strategies.

Adapting to Climate Change

Sixth Report of Session 2009-10, Report, Together with Formal Minutes, Oral and Written Evidence

Author: Great Britain: Parliament: House of Commons: Environmental Audit Committee

Publisher: The Stationery Office

ISBN: 9780215545220

Category: Political Science

Page: 252

View: 4235

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Climate projections show that Britain can expect wetter winters, drier summers and a higher likelihood of flash-floods, heat waves and droughts. Yet adaptation to climate change has been given only a fraction of the attention that has gone into reducing greenhouse gases. The Government must build awareness and support for the wide-ranging and urgent programme of action that is needed to protect people, property and prosperity and safeguard the natural environment. Adapting infrastructure and homes will be expensive. To maintain current levels of flood protection for homes, real terms spending on flood defences will need to increase from its current level of around £600 million per annum to around £1 billion in 2035. Estimates in 2009 suggest that by the end of the century around £7 billion may be needed to improve the Thames flood barrier and tidal defences. New homes being built now must be designed to cope with the inevitable changes in climate over the next 50 - 80 years. The Government must make adaptation and mitigation more central to the planning system. New developments should only be permitted if they are suited to future climates. Existing homes will also need to be adapted so that they are comfortable during hotter summers and better protected against the risk of flooding. The Government must help to kick start an integrated retro-fitting programme that covers adaptation, water efficiency and energy efficiency. Green infrastructure - such as water storage, greater tree cover and more open green spaces - must also be promoted.

Building Resilience to Climate Change

Ecosystem-based Adaptation and Lessons from the Field

Author: Angela Andrade Pérez,Bernal Herrera Fernández,Roberto Cazzolla Gatti

Publisher: IUCN

ISBN: 2831712904

Category: Nature

Page: 164

View: 6107

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With climate change now a certainty, the question is how much change there will be and what can be done about it. One of the answers is through adaptation. Many of the lessons that are being learned in adaptation are from success stories from the field. This publication contains eleven case studies covering different ecosystems and regions around the world. Its aim is to summarize some current applications of the Ecosystem-Based Adaptation concept and its tools used around the world, and also draw lessons from experiences in conservation adaptation.

Economics of Climate Change in East Asia

Author: Michael I. Westphal,Gordon A. Hughes,Jörn Brömmelhörster

Publisher: Asian Development Bank

ISBN: 9292542893

Category: Science

Page: 214

View: 5718

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This regional study includes the People's Republic of China, Japan, the Republic of Korea, and Mongolia and examines how strategies for adapting to climate change up to 2050 can be combined with measures to reduce greenhouse gas emissions in East Asia. Besides discussing climate model results for costs of adaptation in infrastructure, coastal protection, and agriculture, the study estimates costs for sector-specific mitigation options and the total abatement potential for 2020 and 2030. Long-term strategies for addressing the impacts of climate change in East Asia are explored with a focus on the linkages between adaptation and mitigation taking account uncertainty about key climate variables. Finally, it discusses opportunities for enhancing the effectiveness of some critical climate change policies such as regional carbon market.