Immunology, Infection, and Immunity

Author: Gerald Bryan Pier,Jeffrey B. Lyczak,Lee M. Wetzler

Publisher: Amer Society for Microbiology

ISBN: 9781555812461

Category: Medical

Page: 718

View: 3036

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Covers both the foundation concepts of immunology, among the most exciting in modern biology and medicine, and their application to the real world of diseases and health. This new text combines clear narratives of how the immune system functions relying in many instances on supporting data from experiments. The editors use examples and illustrations depicting basic immunologic processes in conjunction with their role in infectious or other diseases in order to teach both basic and applied aspects of immunology. Ideally suited for upper division and graduate level students as well as medical and dental students with a good background in basic biology, biochemistry, genetics, and cell biology, the text complements traditional views and dogmas about immunology with today's cutting edge ideas and experimental data describing how the immune system works.

Infection & Immunity

Author: John Playfair,Gregory Bancroft

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0199609500

Category: Medical

Page: 400

View: 9695

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Our immune system is a complex network of cells continually battling against a barrage of attacks from our environment, quite literally to save our lives. But what protects us from the potentially life-threatening microorganisms that surround us every day? Infection and Immunity describes the main causes of infection that our bodies have to battle against - from bacteria to viruses, fungi to protozoa - and explains the intricate andfascinating ways in which we respond, from detection of potentially dangerous organisms to their ultimate elimination. Presenting a fully-rounded, well-balanced overview of the field,the book also explains how diseases spread, and what measures we can take to control this spread - from vaccination to increasing awareness through public health initiatives.

Nutrition, Immunity and Infection

Author: Prakash S. Shetty

Publisher: CABI

ISBN: 0851995314

Category: Science

Page: 206

View: 4142

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This textbook discusses the inter-relationships between infections and nutritional status. It deals with the fundamentals of the immune function of the human body and the role that nutrition and nutrients play in its optimal functioning. The role that infective processes play in the etiology of malnutrition and the relationships between poor nutritional status and risk of infections are described. There are chapters describing nutrient deficiencies e.g. vitamin A, and the risk of infections, and chapters on specific infections e.g. TB, AIDS, and their role in poor nutritional status. Specific coverage is given to those people most at risk from infections - infants, children and the elderly.

Insect Infection and Immunity

Evolution, Ecology, and Mechanisms

Author: Jens Rolff,Stuart Reynolds

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0199551359

Category: Science

Page: 254

View: 2621

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The study of insect immune systems has accelerated rapidly in recent years & is now becoming an important interdisciplinary field. This book provides a coherent synthesis & is clearly structured around three broadly themed sections: mechanisms, interactions, & evolutionary ecology.

Autophagy: Cancer, Other Pathologies, Inflammation, Immunity, Infection, and Aging

Author: M. A. Hayat

Publisher: Academic Press

ISBN: 0128094281

Category: Medical

Page: 370

View: 4402

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Autophagy: Cancer, Other Pathologies, Inflammation, Immunity, Infection, and Aging, Volume 10 offer a valuable guide to both cellular processes, while encouraging researchers to explore their potentially important connections. Autophagy serves to maintain healthy cells, tissues, and organs, but also promotes cancer survival and growth of established tumors. Impaired or deregulated autophagy can also contribute to disease pathogenesis. This is the tenth volume of the multivolume series that discusses, in detail, almost all aspects of the autophagy machinery in the context of health, cancer, and other pathologies. Autophagy maintains homeostasis during starvation or stress conditions by balancing the synthesis of cellular components and their deregulation by autophagy. Volume 10 of the Autophagy series discusses the role of a novel binuclear palladacycle complex that inhibits melanoma growth through apoptosis and autophagy. Presents the most advanced information regarding the role of the autophagic system in life and death Contains a direct focus on the role of a novel binuclear palladacycle complex that inhibits melanoma growth Introduces new, more effective therapeutic strategies in the development of targeted drugs and programmed cell death, providing information that will aid in preventing detrimental inflammation States recent advancements in the molecular mechanisms underlying a large number of genetic and epigenetic diseases and abnormalities Edited work with chapters authored by leaders in the field from around the globe—the broadest, most expert coverage available

HIV Glycans in Infection and Immunity

Author: Ralph Pantophlet

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 1461488729

Category: Medical

Page: 217

View: 1889

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Glycosylation is a common and extremely important modification in biological molecules, particularly of proteins. HIV Glycans in Infection and Immunity provides an overview of the roles of glycans in the transmission/infection, antigenicity, and immunogenicity of HIV and the HIV envelope glycoprotein.​ It explores recent advances in the understanding of the impact of HIV glycans in infection and their promise for immunological and therapeutic intervention. Novel collaborations between glycobiologists and immunologists in recent years have led to key advances in the understanding of HIV glycans. These cross-disciplinary endeavors, their achievements and their impact on the field are all addressed, herein.

Infection & Immunity

Author: John Playfair,Gregory Bancroft

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0199609500

Category: Medical

Page: 400

View: 5396

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Our immune system is a complex network of cells continually battling against a barrage of attacks from our environment, quite literally to save our lives. But what protects us from the potentially life-threatening microorganisms that surround us every day? Infection and Immunity describes the main causes of infection that our bodies have to battle against - from bacteria to viruses, fungi to protozoa - and explains the intricate andfascinating ways in which we respond, from detection of potentially dangerous organisms to their ultimate elimination. Presenting a fully-rounded, well-balanced overview of the field,the book also explains how diseases spread, and what measures we can take to control this spread - from vaccination to increasing awareness through public health initiatives.

Immunity to Parasitic Infection

Author: Tracey Lamb

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1118393333

Category: Science

Page: 520

View: 2178

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Parasitic infections remain a significant cause of morbidity and mortality in the world today. Often endemic in developing countries many parasitic diseases are neglected in terms of research funding and much remains to be understood about parasites and the interactions they have with the immune system. This book examines current knowledge about immune responses to parasitic infections affecting humans, including interactions that occur during co-infections, and how immune responses may be manipulated to develop therapeutic interventions against parasitic infection. For easy reference, the most commonly studied parasites are examined in individual chapters written by investigators at the forefront of their field. An overview of the immune system, as well as introductions to protozoan and helminth parasites, is included to guide background reading. A historical perspective of the field of immunoparasitology acknowledges the contributions of investigators who have been instrumental in developing this field of research.

Autophagy in Infection and Immunity

Author: Beth Levine,Tamotsu Yoshimori,Vojo Deretic

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9783642003028

Category: Medical

Page: 339

View: 3756

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Autophagy is a fundamental biological process that enables cells to autodigest their own cytosol during starvation and other forms of stress. It has a growing spectrum of acknowledged roles in immunity, aging, development, neurodegeneration, and cancer biology. An immunological role of autophagy was first recognized with the discovery of autophagy’s ability to sanitize the cellular interior by killing intracellular microbes. Since then, the repertoire of autophagy’s roles in immunity has been vastly expanded to include a diverse but interconnected portfolio of regulatory and effector functions. Autophagy is an effector of Th1/Th2 polarization; it fuels MHC II presentation of cytosolic (self and microbial) antigens; it shapes central tolerance; it affects B and T cell homeostasis; it acts both as an effector and a regulator of Toll-like receptor and other innate immunity receptor signaling; and it may help ward off chronic inflammatory disease in humans. With such a multitude of innate and adaptive immunity functions, the study of autophagy in immunity is one of the most rapidly growing fields of contemporary immunological research. This book introduces the reader to the fundamentals of autophagy, guides a novice and the well-informed reader alike through different immunological aspects of autophagy as well as the countermeasures used by highly adapted pathogens to fight autophagy, and provides the expert with the latest, up-to-date information on the specifics of the leading edge of autophagy research in infection and immunity.

Sex Hormones and Immunity to Infection

Author: Sabra L. Klein,Craig W. Roberts

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9783642021558

Category: Medical

Page: 319

View: 1328

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Why sex matters Among human and nonhuman animals, the prevalence and intensity of infection typically is higher in males than females and may reflect differences in exposure as well as susceptibility to pathogens. Elevated immunity among females is a double-edged sword in which it is beneficial against infectious diseases but is detrimental in terms of increased development of autoimmune diseases. The present book critically reviews the evolutionary origin and the functional mechanisms responsible for sexual dimorphism in response to infection. It emphasizes the value of examining responses in both males and females to improve our understanding about host-pathogen interactions in both sexes. The contributors are experts in their specific disciplines which range from microbiology and immunology to genetics, pathology, and evolutionary biology. The book aims at bringing insight to the treatment and management of infectious diseases; it delineates areas where knowledge is lacking and highlights future avenues of research.

Infection, immunity, and blood transfusion

proceedings of the XVIth Annual Scientific Symposium of the American Red Cross, Washington, DC, May 9-11, 1984 ; editors, Roger Y. Dodd, Lewellys F. Barker, with the editorial assistance of Alice R. Scipio and Betty M. Carnahan

Author: Roger Y. Dodd,Lewellys Franklin Barker,Wolf Szmuness

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Medical

Page: 464

View: 2335

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INFECTION IMMUNITY & SERUM THE

Author: Howard Taylor 1871-1910 Ricketts,George Frederick 1881-1967 Dick

Publisher: Wentworth Press

ISBN: 9781374047099

Category: History

Page: 810

View: 6001

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This work has been selected by scholars as being culturally important, and is part of the knowledge base of civilization as we know it. This work was reproduced from the original artifact, and remains as true to the original work as possible. Therefore, you will see the original copyright references, library stamps (as most of these works have been housed in our most important libraries around the world), and other notations in the work. This work is in the public domain in the United States of America, and possibly other nations. Within the United States, you may freely copy and distribute this work, as no entity (individual or corporate) has a copyright on the body of the work. As a reproduction of a historical artifact, this work may contain missing or blurred pages, poor pictures, errant marks, etc. Scholars believe, and we concur, that this work is important enough to be preserved, reproduced, and made generally available to the public. We appreciate your support of the preservation process, and thank you for being an important part of keeping this knowledge alive and relevant.

Hot Topics in Infection and Immunity in Children V

Author: Adam Finn,Nigel Curtis,Andrew J. Pollard

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9780387798387

Category: Medical

Page: 266

View: 305

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Course covers topics in infectious diseases in children and is intended for Pediatric Infectious disease trainees, trainers, and all those who manage children with infections. This conference is being supported by several societies and is sponsored by several pharmaceutical companies, such as Aventis, Baxter, Chiron Vaccines, Wyeth, etc.

Infection, Immune Homeostasis and Immune Privilege

Author: Joan Stein-Streilein

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 3034804458

Category: Science

Page: 156

View: 8077

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Organs and tissues that can tolerate little or no inflammation have developed multiple overlapping mechanisms of immune protection in the absence of inflammation. These areas have been designated “immune-privileged sites” by Peter Medawar and include the central nervous system, eye, reproductive tract, testis and possibly the liver. Mechanisms of immune homeostasis found in less immune-regulated organs are often evident in the immune privileged sites and vice versa. It is important that the non-inflammatory mechanisms that contribute to immune privilege allow host defense against infectious organisms. This volume highlights the mechanisms leading to immune privilege in tissues and organs, the deviation of immune responses and the modification of the behavior of the immune cells that manage to cross the blood barriers of tissues, in the context of infection.