Informing Water Policies in South Asia

Author: Anjal Prakash,Chanda Gurung Goodrich,Sreoshi Singh

Publisher: Taylor & Francis

ISBN: 1317560124

Category: Nature

Page: 372

View: 5558

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This book analyzes water policies in South Asia from the perspective of Integrated Water Resources Management (IWRM). It seeks to address the problems of water scarcity, conflict and pollution resulting from the gross mismanagement and over-exploitation of this finite resource. Highlighting the need for IWRM in mitigating abuse and ensuring sustainable use, it discusses issues relating to groundwater management; inter-state water conflicts; peri-urban water use; local traditional water management practices; coordination between water users and uses; and water integration at the grassroots level. With case studies from India, Bangladesh, Pakistan, and Nepal, the innovative, painstaking and transnational researches presented in the volume deal with questions of equity, gender, sustainability, and democratic governance in water policy interventions. It will interest researchers and students of development studies, environmental studies, natural resource management, water governance, and public administration, as also water sector professionals, policymakers, civil society activists and governmental and nongovernmental organizations.

Globalization of Water Governance in South Asia

Author: Vishal Narain,Chanda Gurung Goodrich,Jayati Chourey,Anjal Prakash

Publisher: Taylor & Francis

ISBN: 1317560205

Category: Nature

Page: 356

View: 9049

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Globalization has significantly redefined the nature of governance in the water sector. Non-state actors—multilateral and transnational donor agencies and corporations, non-government organizations, markets, and civil society at large—are assuming a bigger role in public policy-making for water resource management. New discourses on neoliberalism, integrated water resource management (IWRM), public–private partnerships, privatization, and gender equity have come to influence water governance. Drawing upon detailed case studies from India, Bangladesh, Nepal, Sri Lanka, and Bhutan, this volume shows the implications of these new global paradigms for water allocation and management practices, institutions and governance structures in South Asia. It suggests that, despite claims to the contrary, they have done little to further human well-being, reduce gender disparity, or improve accountability and transparency in the system. Steering away from blueprint approaches, it argues for a more nuanced and contextual understanding of water management challenges, based on local knowledge and initiatives. This book will be useful to those interested in political economy and water governance, natural resource management, environmental studies, development studies, and public administration, as well as to water professionals, policy-makers and civil society activists.

Water Governance and Civil Society Responses in South Asia

Author: N. C. Narayanan,S. Parasuraman,Rajindra Ariyabandu

Publisher: Taylor & Francis

ISBN: 1317559878

Category: Nature

Page: 378

View: 6580

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This book addresses paradigm shifts in water policy and governance, and examines the role of civil society organizations in influencing public policy, while focusing on social equity and democratic participation. It illustrates a range of interesting developments in policy formulation, donor–state nexus, and interventions by civil society and voluntary organizations. The collection of articles provides a comprehensive and current narrative of the state–society relations in South Asia under neoliberal governance reforms, their implications and key responses with regard to water policies. Using case studies, it closely investigates the impact, effectiveness, drawbacks and challenges faced by voluntary organizations and social movements working at various levels in the water sector. The work will interest researchers and students of development studies, environmental studies, natural resource management, water governance, and public administration, as also water sector professionals, policymakers, civil society activists and governmental and non-governmental organizations.

Indian Water Policy at the Crossroads: Resources, Technology and Reforms

Author: Vishal Narain,Annasamy Narayanamoorthy

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 3319251848

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 231

View: 8149

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This book reviews and analyzes emerging challenges in water policy, governance and institutions in India. Recent times have seen the contours of water policy shaped by new discourses and narratives; there has been a pluralization of the state and a changing balance of power among the actors who influence the formulation of water policy. Discourses on gender mainstreaming and Integrated Water Resource Management (IWRM) are influential, though they have often remained rhetorical and difficult to put into practice. Debate over property rights reform and inter-linking of rivers has been polarized. At the same time, there has been a rising disenchantment with policy initiatives in participatory irrigation management, cleaning up of water bodies and pollution control. Fast depletion of groundwater resources and the importance of adopting new irrigation methods are getting increased focus in the recent policy dialogue. The contributors review current debate on these and other subjects shaping the governance of water resources, and take stock of new policy developments. The book examines the experience of policy implementation, and shows where important weaknesses still lie. The authors present a roadmap for the future, and discuss the potential of alternative approaches for tackling emerging challenges. A case is made for greater emphasis on a discursive analysis of water policy, to examine underlying policy processes. The contributors observe that the ongoing democratization of water governance, coupled with the multiplication of stresses on water, will create a more visible demand for platforms for negotiation, conflict resolution and dialogue across different categories of users and uses. Finally, the authors propose that future research should challenge implicit biases in water resources planning and address imbalances in the allocation of water from the perspectives of both equity and sustainability.

Economic Costs of Inadequate Water and Sanitation

South Tarawa, Kiribati

Author: Asian Development Bank

Publisher: Asian Development Bank

ISBN: 9292545019

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 86

View: 2769

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The inadequate water supply and sanitation situation in South Tarawa has contributed to high rates of water-borne diseases and environmental degradation in the country's main urban center. There has been limited capital investment in water supply and sanitation infrastructure and ongoing operations and maintenance in South Tarawa, in part, as a result of low cost recovery in service delivery. To enable more informed policy responses to address the current situation, this study seeks to estimate the total economic costs associated with inadequate water and sanitation services in South Tarawa.

Urban Water Supply and Sanitation

Author: Robin Turrell,World Bank. South Asia Regional Office. Rural Development Sector Unit,India. Ministry of Urban Affairs and Employment

Publisher: Allied Publishers

ISBN: 9780821344620

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 143

View: 3047

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India's economic policies are aimed at increasing economic growth, improving market efficiency and competitiveness, and integrating the Indian economy with global markets. Much of the population and industrial growth is expected to occur in urban centers. Consequently, the demands on the urban water supply and sanitation sector (UWSS), will be great. 'Urban Water Supply and Sanitation' states the UWSS sector needs urgent attention both to meet these new demands and to ensure that all city-dwellers have access to basic services at reasonable costs. This book outlines the way forward which includes a discussion on institutional reform and financial reform as well an action plan.

State of the World 2011

Innovations that Nourish the Planet

Author: The Worldwatch Institute

Publisher: Island Press

ISBN: 161091628X

Category: Nature

Page: 264

View: 9311

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A compelling look at the global food crisis, with particular emphasis on global innovations that can help solve a worldwide problem. State of the World 2011 not only introduces us to the latest agro-ecological innovations and their global applicability but also gives broader insights into issues including poverty, international politics, and even gender equity.

Putting People First

Sociological Variables in Rural Development

Author: Cernea Michael,Senior Advisor in Social Policy and Sociology Michael M Cernea

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 9780195204650

Category: Social Science

Page: 430

View: 357

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This volume addresses the social and practical considerations involved in the design and implementation of effective rural development projects. Contributors stress the need to take account of the socio-cultural characteristics of the people of an area under development; their papers provide guiding principles toward incorporating sociological variables into the design of development projects, and describe component studies of the social organization of productive systems, typology of development projects stages in the productive cycle, and information on the role of the World Bank.

Water for Food, Water for Life

A Comprehensive Assessment of Water Management in Agriculture

Author: David Molden

Publisher: Earthscan

ISBN: 1844073971

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 645

View: 3612

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Managing water resources is one of the most pressing challenges of our times - fundamental to how we feed 2 billion more people in coming decades, eliminate poverty, and reverse ecosystem degradation. This Comprehensive Assessment of Water Management in Agriculture, involving more than 700 leading specialists, evaluates current thinking on water and its interplay with agriculture to help chart the way forward. It offers actions for water management and water policy - to ensure more equitable and effective use.This assessment describes key water-food-environment trends that influence our lives today and uses scenarios to explore the consequences of a range of potential investments. It aims to inform investors and policymakers about water and food choices in light of such crucial influences as poverty, ecosystems, governance, and productivity. It covers rainfed agriculture, irrigation, groundwater, marginal-quality water, fisheries, livestock, rice, land, and river basins. Ample tables, graphs, and references make this an invaluable work for practitioners, academics, researchers, and policymakers in water management, agriculture, conservation, and development.Published with IWMI.

Governance im 21. Jahrhundert

Author: OECD

Publisher: OECD Publishing

ISBN: 9789264589360

Category:

Page: 264

View: 9628

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Mit dem Beginn des 21. Jahrhunderts stehen weitere dramatische Umwälzungen in Wirtschaft und Gesellschaft an der Tagesordnung. Der Bericht untersucht Chancen und Risiken wirtschaftlicher, gesellschaftlicher und technologischer Natur.

Aid on the Edge of Chaos

Rethinking International Cooperation in a Complex World

Author: Ben Ramalingam

Publisher: OUP Oxford

ISBN: 0191503444

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 480

View: 6371

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Many agree that the foreign aid system - which today involves virtually every nation on earth - needs drastic change. But there is much conflict as to what should be done. In Aid on the Edge of Chaos, Ben Ramalingam argues that what is most needed is the creative and innovative transformation of how aid works. Foreign aid today is dominated by linear, mechanistic ideas that emerged from early twentieth century industry, and are ill-suited to the world we face today. The problems and systems aid agencies deal with on a daily basis have more in common with ecosystems than machines: they are interconnected, diverse, and dynamic; they cannot be just simply re-engineered or fixed. Outside of aid, social scientists, economists, business leaders, and policy makers have started applying innovative and scientific approaches to such problems, informed by ideas from the 'new science' of complex adaptive systems. Inspired by these efforts, aid practitioners and researchers have started experimenting with such approaches in their own work. This book showcases the experiences, insights, and often remarkable results of innovative thinkers and practitioners who are working to bring these approaches into the mainstream of aid. From transforming child malnutrition to rethinking economic growth, from building peace to reversing desertification, from rural Vietnam to urban Kenya, the ideas of complex systems thinking are starting to be used to make foreign aid more relevant, more appropriate, and more catalytic. Aid on the Edge of Chaos argues that such ideas and approaches should play a vital part of the transformation of aid. Aid should move from being an imperfect post-World War II global resource transfer system, to a new form of global cooperation that is truly fit for the twenty-first century.

Values and Rewards

Counting and Capturing Ecosystem Water Services for Sustainable Development

Author: Lucy Emerton

Publisher: IUCN

ISBN: 9558177431

Category: Science

Page: 93

View: 2797

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