Integrated Methods in Catchment Hydrology

Tracer, Remote Sensing and New Hydrometric Techniques : Proceedings of an International Symposium Held During IUGG 99, the XXII General Assembly of the International Union of Geodesy and Geophysics, at Birmingham, UK 18-30 July 1999

Author: G. A. Schultz,Christian Leibundgut

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9781901502015

Category: Groundwater tracers

Page: 284

View: 1807

DOWNLOAD NOW »

Rainfall-runoff Modelling in Gauged and Ungauged Catchments

Author: Thorsten Wagener,Howard Wheater,Hoshin Vijai Gupta

Publisher: World Scientific

ISBN: 9781860945397

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 306

View: 4972

DOWNLOAD NOW »
This important monograph is based on the results of a study on the identification of conceptual lumped rainfall-runoff models for gauged and ungauged catchments. The task of model identification remains difficult despite decades of research. A detailed problem analysis and an extensive review form the basis for the development of a Matlab- modelling toolkit consisting of two components: a Rainfall-Runoff Modelling Toolbox (RRMT) and a Monte Carlo Analysis Toolbox (MCAT). These are subsequently applied to study the tasks of model identification and evaluation. A novel dynamic identifiability approach has been developed for the gauged catchment case. The theory underlying the application of rainfall-runoff models for predictions in ungauged catchments is studied, problems are highlighted and promising ways to move forward are investigated. Modelling frameworks for both gauged and ungauged cases are developed. This book presents the first extensive treatment of rainfall-runoff model identification in gauged and ungauged catchments."

Isotope Tracers in Catchment Hydrology

Author: C. Kendall,J.J. McDonnell

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 008092915X

Category: Science

Page: 870

View: 8244

DOWNLOAD NOW »
This book represents a new "earth systems" approach to catchments that encompasses the physical and biogeochemical interactions that control the hydrology and biogeochemistry of the system. The text provides a comprehensive treatment of the fundamentals of catchment hydrology, principles of isotope geochemistry, and the isotope variability in the hydrologic cycle -- but the main focus of the book is on case studies in isotope hydrology and isotope geochemistry that explore the applications of isotope techniques for investigating modern environmental problems. Isotope Tracers in Catchment Hydrology is the first synthesis of physical hydrology and isotope geochemistry with catchment focus, and is a valuable reference for professionals and students alike in the fields of hydrology, hydrochemistry, and environmental science. This important interdisciplinary text provides extensive guidelines for the application of isotope techniques for all investigatores facing the challenge of protecting precious water, soil, and ecological resources from the ever-increasing problems associated with population growth and environmental change, including those from urban development and agricultural land uses.

Integrated Technologies for Environmental Monitoring and Information Production

Author: Nilgun B. Harmancioglu,S.D. Ozkul,O. Fistikoglu,Paul Geerders

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9401002312

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 477

View: 1694

DOWNLOAD NOW »
This book presents the proceedings and the outcomes of the NATO Advanced Research Workshop (ARW) on Integrated Technologies for Environmental Monitoring and Information Production, which was held in Marmaris, Turkey, between September 10- 14, 200 I. With the contribution of 45 experts from 20 different countries, the ARW has provided the opportunity to resolve the basic conflicts that tend to arise between different disciplines associated with environmental data management and to promote understanding between experts on an international and multidisciplinary basis. The prevailing universal problem in environmental data management (EDM) systems is the significant incoherence between data collection procedures and the retrieval of information required by the users. This indicates the presence of problems still encountered in the realization of; (1) delineation of objectives, constraints, institutional aspects of EDM; (2) design of data collection networks; (3) statistical sampling; (4) physical sampling and presentation of data; (5) data processing and environmental databases; (6) reliability of data; (7) data analysis and transfer of data into information; and (8) data accessibility and data exchange at local, regional and global scales. Further problems stem from the lack of coherence between different disciplines involved in EDM, lack of coordination between responsible agencies on a country basis, and lack of coordination on an international level regarding the basic problems and relevant solutions that should be sought.

Isotope Tracers in Catchment Hydrology

Author: C. Kendall,J.J. McDonnell

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 008092915X

Category: Science

Page: 870

View: 6874

DOWNLOAD NOW »
This book represents a new "earth systems" approach to catchments that encompasses the physical and biogeochemical interactions that control the hydrology and biogeochemistry of the system. The text provides a comprehensive treatment of the fundamentals of catchment hydrology, principles of isotope geochemistry, and the isotope variability in the hydrologic cycle -- but the main focus of the book is on case studies in isotope hydrology and isotope geochemistry that explore the applications of isotope techniques for investigating modern environmental problems. Isotope Tracers in Catchment Hydrology is the first synthesis of physical hydrology and isotope geochemistry with catchment focus, and is a valuable reference for professionals and students alike in the fields of hydrology, hydrochemistry, and environmental science. This important interdisciplinary text provides extensive guidelines for the application of isotope techniques for all investigatores facing the challenge of protecting precious water, soil, and ecological resources from the ever-increasing problems associated with population growth and environmental change, including those from urban development and agricultural land uses.

Changes in Water Resources Systems

Methodologies to Maintain Water Security and Ensure Integrated Management

Author: Nick van de Giesen

Publisher: International Assn of Hydrological Sciences

ISBN: N.A

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 330

View: 5346

DOWNLOAD NOW »
This volume provides a good sample of the many issues that are dealt with in the context of IWRM.

Spatial Patterns in Catchment Hydrology

Observations and Modelling

Author: Rodger Grayson,Günter Blöschl

Publisher: CUP Archive

ISBN: 9780521633161

Category: Mathematics

Page: 404

View: 6412

DOWNLOAD NOW »
Describes use of observed patterns in understanding and modelling hydrological response, for researchers and graduate students.

Design Hydrology and Sedimentology for Small Catchments

Author: Charles Thomas Haan,Billy J. Barfield,J. C. Hayes

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 0123123402

Category: Science

Page: 588

View: 7075

DOWNLOAD NOW »
The Clean Water Act, with its emphasis on storm water and sediment control in urban areas, has created a compelling need for information in small-catchment hydrology. Design Hydrology and Sedimentology for Small Catchments provides the basic information and techniques required for understanding and implementing design systems to control runoff, erosion, and sedimentation. It will be especially useful to those involved in urban and industrial planning anddevelopment, surface mining activities, storm water management, sediment control, and environmental management. This class-tested text, which presents many solved problems throughout as well as solutions at the end of each chapter, is suitable for undergraduate, graduate, and continuing education courses. In addition, practicing professionals will find it a valuable reference. Anderson/Woessner: APPLIED GROUNDWATER MODELING (1992) Shuirman/Slosson: FORENSIC ENGINEERING (1992) de Marsily: QUANTITATIVE HYDROGEOLOGY (1986) Selley: APPLIED SEDIMENTOLOGY, THIRD EDITION (1988) Huyakorn: COMPUTATIONAL METHODS IN SUBSURFACE FLOW (1986) Pinder: FINITE ELEMENT MODELING IN SURFACE AND SUBSURFACE HYDROLOGY (1977) Key Features * Covers major new improvements and state-of-the-art technologies in sediment control technology * Provides in-depth information on estimating the impact of land-use changes on runoff and flood flows, as well as on estimating erosion and sediment yield from small catchments * Presents superior coverage on design of flood and sediment detention ponds and design of runoff and sediment control measures

Spatial Methods for Solution of Environmental and Hydrologic Problems--science, Policy, and Standardization

Author: Vernon Singhroy

Publisher: ASTM International

ISBN: 9780803134553

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 177

View: 7673

DOWNLOAD NOW »
Twelve papers, some of which are drawn from a June 2001 symposium of the same name as the text, address issues the use of geographic information systems and spatial modeling software to environmental or hydrologic problems. The major themes of the papers are: accuracy and uncertainty in spatial data

Ecology and Conservation of Estuarine Ecosystems

Lake St Lucia as a Global Model

Author: Renzo Perissinotto,Derek D. Stretch,Ricky H. Taylor

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1107354994

Category: Nature

Page: N.A

View: 911

DOWNLOAD NOW »
St Lucia is the world's oldest protected estuary and Africa's largest estuarine system. It is also the centerpiece of South Africa's first UNESCO World Heritage Site, the iSimangaliso Wetland Park, and has been a Ramsar Wetland of International Importance since 1986. Knowledge of its biodiversity, geological origins, hydrology, hydrodynamics and the long history of management is unique in the world. However, the impact of global change has culminated in unprecedented challenges for the conservation and management of the St Lucia system, leading to the recent initiation of a project in support of its rehabilitation and long-term sustainability. This timely volume provides a unique source of information on the functioning and management of the estuary for researchers, students and environmental managers. The insights and experiences described build on over 60 years of study and management at the site and will serve as a valuable model for similar estuaries around the world.

Water Resources

An Integrated Approach

Author: Joseph Holden

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1134614748

Category: Nature

Page: 400

View: 343

DOWNLOAD NOW »
The world faces huge challenges for water as population continues to grow, as emerging economies develop and as climate change alters the global and local water cycle. There are major questions to be answered about how we supply water in a sustainable and safe manner to fulfil our needs, while at the same time protecting vulnerable ecosystems from disaster. Water Resources: An Integrated Approach provides students with a comprehensive overview of both natural and socio-economic processes associated with water. The book contains chapters written by 20 specialist contributors, providing expert depth of coverage to topics. The text guides the reader through the topic of water starting with its unique properties and moving through environmental processes and human impacts upon them including the changing water cycle, water movement in river basins, water quality, groundwater and aquatic ecosystems. The book then covers management strategies for water resources, water treatment and re-use, and the role of water in human health before covering water economics and water conflict. The text concludes with a chapter that examines new concepts such as virtual water that help us understand current and future water resource use and availability across interconnected local and global scales. This book provides a novel interdisciplinary approach to water in a changing world, from an environmental change perspective and inter-related social, political and economic dimensions. It includes global examples from both the developing and developed world. Each chapter is supplemented with boxed case studies, end of chapter questions, and further reading, as well as a glossary of terms. The text is richly illustrated throughout with over 150 full colour diagrams and photos.

Predictions in Ungauged Basins

Promise and Progress

Author: Murugesu Sivapalan

Publisher: International Assn of Hydrological Sciences

ISBN: 9781901502480

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 520

View: 9531

DOWNLOAD NOW »
Presents peer-reviewed papers selected from a symposium which coincided with completion of Phase 1 of the IAHS PUB initiative (2003-2012). Guided by the PUB Science and Implementation Plan, the papers are organized into five sections that focus on the distinct PUB themes: 1. Model improvements through Detailed Process Studies. 2. Model Evaluation and Comparison: Uncertainty Analysis and Diagnostics. 3. New Data Collection Approaches and Model Development. 4. New Modeling Approaches and Methods for Testing Models Against Observations. 5. Progress in PUB Implementation: PUB Working Groups.