International Historical Statistics

1750-2005: Americas

Author: Brian Mitchell

Publisher: Palgrave Macmillan

ISBN: 9780230005136

Category: History

Page: 1120

View: 6833

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International Historical Statistics; Americas 1750-2005 is the latest edition of the most authoritative collection of statistics available. Updated to 2005 wherever possible, it provides key economic and social indicators for the last 255 years for countries on the American continent, serving as an essential reference source.

International Historical Statistics: Africa, Asia and Oceania, 1750-2005

Author: Brian R. Mitchell

Publisher: Palgrave Macmillan

ISBN: 9780230005150

Category: Reference

Page: 1152

View: 7680

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International Historical Statistics; Africa, Asia and Oceania 1750-2004 is the latest edition of the most authoritative collection of statistics available. Updated to 2004 wherever possible, it provides key economic and social indicators for the last 254 years, serving as an essential reference source for both hard-to-find historical data and the latest figures available, and as an indispensable tool for comparisons between countries and across time.

Geschichte der Welt 1870-1945

Weltmärkte und Weltkriege

Author: Akira Iriye,Jürgen Osterhammel,Emily S. Rosenberg

Publisher: C.H.Beck

ISBN: 3406641156

Category: History

Page: 1152

View: 7977

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Weltgeschichte ist lange Zeit als eine Geschichte des Aufstiegs und Niedergangs einer kleinen Zahl von „Hochkulturen“ geschrieben worden. Unter diesen Kulturen schienen Europa oder der atlantische „Westen“ während der letzten Jahrhunderte nach den Kriterien Macht, Wohlstand und kulturelle Kreativität zu dominieren. Das neue sechsbändige Werk zur Weltgeschichte, das von einem Team von Historikerinnen und Historikern vorwiegend aus den USA und Deutschland erarbeitet wird und das gleichzeitig bei C.H.Beck und Harvard University Press erscheint, verabschiedet sich von diesen Traditionen. Es leugnet die Errungenschaften des Westens nicht, stellt sie aber in den größeren Zusammenhang gleichzeitiger Entwicklungen in anderen Teilen der Welt. Dadurch wird das allmähliche, dabei aber krisenhafte Entstehen des heutigen dicht integrierten und pluralistischen Weltzusammenhangs sichtbar. Erstmals werden in diesen Bänden die Ergebnisse von mehreren Jahrzehnten internationaler Forschung zur Vorgeschichte der Globalisierung und zur Entwicklung von Gesellschaften und politischen Ordnungen auf allen Kontinenten von führenden Experten zusammenfassend dargestellt. Weltgeschichte erscheint hier nicht als Aneinanderreihung einzelner Spezialgeschichten. Die Aufmerksamkeit richtet sich auf bisher wenig beachtete Querbeziehungen und Wechselwirkungen: auf Migrationen von Einzelnen und Gruppen und die Gründung neuer Gesellschaften, auf die interkontinentale Ausbreitung von Technologien, Religionen oder politischen Ideen, auf globale Kommunikationsnetze, Handelsströme und Konsummuster, auf Imperialismus, Kolonialismus und großräumige Kriege.

The World in the Long Twentieth Century

An Interpretive History

Author: Edward Ross Dickinson

Publisher: Univ of California Press

ISBN: 0520960963

Category: History

Page: 392

View: 4028

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What can be called the long twentieth century represents the most miraculous and creative era in human history. It was also the most destructive. Over the past 150 years, modern societies across the globe have passed through an extraordinary and completely unprecedented transformation rooted in the technological developments of the nineteenth century. The World in the Long Twentieth Century lays out a framework for understanding the fundamental factors that have shaped our world on a truly global scale, analyzing the historical trends, causes, and consequences of the key forces at work. Spanning the 1870s to the present, this book explores the making of the modern world as a connected pattern of global developments. Students will learn to think about the past two centuries as a process, a series of political and economic upheavals, technological advances, and environmental transformations that have shaped the long twentieth century.

Choice

Author: N.A

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Best books

Page: N.A

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Empire of Cotton

A Global History

Author: Sven Beckert

Publisher: Vintage

ISBN: 0385353251

Category: History

Page: 640

View: 4526

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The epic story of the rise and fall of the empire of cotton, its centrality to the world economy, and its making and remaking of global capitalism. Cotton is so ubiquitous as to be almost invisible, yet understanding its history is key to understanding the origins of modern capitalism. Sven Beckert’s rich, fascinating book tells the story of how, in a remarkably brief period, European entrepreneurs and powerful statesmen recast the world’s most significant manufacturing industry, combining imperial expansion and slave labor with new machines and wage workers to change the world. Here is the story of how, beginning well before the advent of machine production in the 1780s, these men captured ancient trades and skills in Asia, and combined them with the expropriation of lands in the Americas and the enslavement of African workers to crucially reshape the disparate realms of cotton that had existed for millennia, and how industrial capitalism gave birth to an empire, and how this force transformed the world. The empire of cotton was, from the beginning, a fulcrum of constant global struggle between slaves and planters, merchants and statesmen, workers and factory owners. Beckert makes clear how these forces ushered in the world of modern capitalism, including the vast wealth and disturbing inequalities that are with us today. The result is a book as unsettling as it is enlightening: a book that brilliantly weaves together the story of cotton with how the present global world came to exist.

Armed State Building

Confronting State Failure, 1898-2012

Author: Paul D. Miller

Publisher: Cornell University Press

ISBN: 0801469538

Category: Political Science

Page: 264

View: 2421

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Since 1898, the United States and the United Nations have deployed military force more than three dozen times in attempts to rebuild failed states. Currently there are more state-building campaigns in progress than at any time in the past century—including Afghanistan, Bosnia, Kosovo, the Democratic Republic of Congo, Haiti, Sudan, Liberia, Cote d’Ivoire, and Lebanon—and the number of candidate nations for such campaigns in the future is substantial. Even with a broad definition of success, earlier campaigns failed more than half the time. In this book, Paul D. Miller brings his decade in the U.S. military, intelligence community, and policy worlds to bear on the question of what causes armed, international state-building campaigns by liberal powers to succeed or fail. The United States successfully rebuilt the West German and Japanese states after World War II but failed to build a functioning state in South Vietnam. After the Cold War the United Nations oversaw relatively successful campaigns to restore order, hold elections, and organize post-conflict reconstruction in Mozambique, Namibia, Nicaragua, and elsewhere, but those successes were overshadowed by catastrophes in Angola, Liberia, and Somalia. The recent effort in Iraq and the ongoing one in Afghanistan—where Miller had firsthand military, intelligence, and policymaking experience—are yielding mixed results, despite the high levels of resources dedicated and the long duration of the missions there. Miller outlines different types of state failure, analyzes various levels of intervention that liberal states have tried in the state-building process, and distinguishes among the various failures and successes those efforts have provoked.

A Farewell to Alms

A Brief Economic History of the World

Author: Gregory Clark

Publisher: Princeton University Press

ISBN: 9781400827817

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 432

View: 8389

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Why are some parts of the world so rich and others so poor? Why did the Industrial Revolution--and the unprecedented economic growth that came with it--occur in eighteenth-century England, and not at some other time, or in some other place? Why didn't industrialization make the whole world rich--and why did it make large parts of the world even poorer? In A Farewell to Alms, Gregory Clark tackles these profound questions and suggests a new and provocative way in which culture--not exploitation, geography, or resources--explains the wealth, and the poverty, of nations. Countering the prevailing theory that the Industrial Revolution was sparked by the sudden development of stable political, legal, and economic institutions in seventeenth-century Europe, Clark shows that such institutions existed long before industrialization. He argues instead that these institutions gradually led to deep cultural changes by encouraging people to abandon hunter-gatherer instincts-violence, impatience, and economy of effort-and adopt economic habits-hard work, rationality, and education. The problem, Clark says, is that only societies that have long histories of settlement and security seem to develop the cultural characteristics and effective workforces that enable economic growth. For the many societies that have not enjoyed long periods of stability, industrialization has not been a blessing. Clark also dissects the notion, championed by Jared Diamond in Guns, Germs, and Steel, that natural endowments such as geography account for differences in the wealth of nations. A brilliant and sobering challenge to the idea that poor societies can be economically developed through outside intervention, A Farewell to Alms may change the way global economic history is understood.

Eine kurze Geschichte der Menschheit

Author: Yuval Noah Harari

Publisher: DVA

ISBN: 364110498X

Category: History

Page: 528

View: 7425

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Krone der Schöpfung? Vor 100 000 Jahren war der Homo sapiens noch ein unbedeutendes Tier, das unauffällig in einem abgelegenen Winkel des afrikanischen Kontinents lebte. Unsere Vorfahren teilten sich den Planeten mit mindestens fünf weiteren menschlichen Spezies, und die Rolle, die sie im Ökosystem spielten, war nicht größer als die von Gorillas, Libellen oder Quallen. Vor 70 000 Jahren dann vollzog sich ein mysteriöser und rascher Wandel mit dem Homo sapiens, und es war vor allem die Beschaffenheit seines Gehirns, die ihn zum Herren des Planeten und zum Schrecken des Ökosystems werden ließ. Bis heute hat sich diese Vorherrschaft stetig zugespitzt: Der Mensch hat die Fähigkeit zu schöpferischem und zu zerstörerischem Handeln wie kein anderes Lebewesen. Anschaulich, unterhaltsam und stellenweise hochkomisch zeichnet Yuval Harari die Geschichte des Menschen nach und zeigt alle großen, aber auch alle ambivalenten Momente unserer Menschwerdung.

The Travels of a T-Shirt in the Global Economy

An Economist Examines the Markets, Power, and Politics of World Trade. New Preface and Epilogue with Updates on Economic Issues and Main Characters

Author: Pietra Rivoli

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 111895016X

Category: Political Science

Page: 368

View: 7788

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The keys to global business success, as taught by a T-shirt'sjourney The Travels of a T-Shirt in the Global Economy is acritically-acclaimed narrative that illuminates the globalizationdebates and reveals the key factors to success in global business.Tracing a T-shirt's life story from a Texas cotton field to aChinese factory and back to a U.S. storefront before arriving atthe used clothing market in Africa, the book uncovers the politicaland economic forces at work in the global economy. Along the way,this fascinating exploration addresses a wealth of compellingquestions about politics, trade, economics, ethics, and the impactof history on today's business landscape. This new printing of thesecond edition includes a revised preface and a new epilogue withupdates through 2014 on the people, industries, and policiesrelated to the T-shirt's life story. Using a simple, everyday T-shirt as a lens through which toexplore the business, economic, moral, and political complexitiesof globalization in a historical context, Travelsencapsulates a number of complex issues into a single identifiableobject that will strike a chord with readers as they: Investigate the sources of sustained competitive advantage indifferent industries Examine the global economic and political forces that explaintrade patters between countries Analyze complex moral issues related to globalization andinternational business Discover the importance of cultural and human elements ininternational trade This story of a simple product illuminates the many complexissues which businesspeople, policymakers, and global citizens aretouched by every day.

Latin America and the Caribbean

A Systematic and Regional Survey

Author: Brian W. Blouet,Olwyn M. Blouet

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons Incorporated

ISBN: N.A

Category: Science

Page: 533

View: 7198

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This well-established text combines a thematic and regional look at Latin America and the Caribbean. The thematic approach surveys the physical environment, historical geography, demography, agriculture, communications, industry, urban and political aspects of Latin America. The regional approach covers chapters on Mexico, Central America, the Caribbean, Andean America, Brazil, Brazilian Amazonia, and the Southern Cone. This fifth edition includes updated maps and photos, and new Interlude on Cancun and the Yucatan, and an new Interlude on "Self Help Housing".

Wohlstand und Armut der Nationen

Warum die einen reich und die anderen arm sind

Author: David Landes

Publisher: Siedler Verlag

ISBN: 3641051118

Category: History

Page: 688

View: 3637

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Das Standardwerk zur Wirtschaftsgeschichte Kaum eine Frage ist umstrittener und stärker mit Ideologie befrachtet als die, warum manche Länder wirtschaftlich äußerst erfolgreich sind, während andere unfähig scheinen, aus ihrer Armut herauszufinden. Liegt es am Klima? An der Kultur? An der Politik? In seiner umfassenden Geschichte über die Weltwirtschaft der letzten sechshundert Jahre entwickelt David Landes Antworten auf diese Fragen und bietet zugleich ein Standardwerk zur Geschichte der Weltwirtschaft.