International Trade and Economic Relations in a Nutshell

Author: Ralph Folsom,Michael Gordon,Michael Van Alstine

Publisher: West Academic Publishing

ISBN: 9781634599108

Category: Commercial treaties

Page: 437

View: 7369

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This Nutshell examines the legal rules governing international trade and economic relations. After initial chapters on the legal and practical environment for trade enterprises, it analyzes the principal institutions and rules governing international trade. Special attention is paid to the World Trade Organization (WTO), the General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade (GATT), the WTO Dispute Settlement Body, regulation of imports (including tariff rates, customs classification and valuation, and rules of origin), and trade remedy responses to import competition. Export controls, foreign corrupt practices, preferential trade agreements, and the trade law of the European Union and the North American Free Trade Agreement are also examined. U.S. law coverage is emphasized.

International Trade Law Including Trump and Trade in a Nutshell

Author: Ralph Haughwout Folsom

Publisher: West Academic Publishing

ISBN: 9781642422924

Category: Commercial treaties

Page: 420

View: 7550

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This Nutshell examines the legal rules governing international trade, with special emphasis on global and U.S. law. After introductory chapters on trade transactions and cross-border enterprises, it analyzes the World Trade Organization (WTO) package of agreements and the WTO dispute settlement process, the General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade (GATT), regulation of imports (including tariff rates and customs law), and trade remedy responses to import competition. Export controls, foreign corrupt practices, preferential free trade and customs union agreements, and a chapter on Trump and Trade follow.

Foreign Investment Law in a Nutshell

Author: Ralph Folsom

Publisher: West Academic Publishing

ISBN: 9781634602839

Category:

Page: 396

View: 1622

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Foreign investment is commonplace around the globe. Inbound and outbound foreign investment flows are massive as home country investors merge or acquire existing businesses or establish new companies in host countries. Investors purchase stocks and bonds on foreign exchanges, and sometimes foreign sovereign debt. The sums involved are staggering. Unlike international trade law governed significantly by the World Trade Organization, no uniform body of foreign investment law exists. Hence foreign investment law is predominantly national in character and varies considerably. Foreign Investment Law in a Nutshell reviews the law, practice, regulation and dispute settlement of foreign investment. Following the Nutshell tradition, citations are minimized creating a book that reads easily. Students, academics, lawyers, government officials and people in business will find it useful. After introducing entry and operational control patterns found primarily in the developing world, notably expropriation, this Nutshell focuses on investing in China, Europe and North America as "case studies". It also explores the multitude of foreign investment treaties (BITs) and the dynamic law of NAFTA on foreign investment. The controversial foreign investor-host state arbitration systems for disputes established under BITs and NAFTA are closely examined.

Global Trade and Conflicting National Interests

Author: Ralph E. Gomory,William J. Baumol,Academic Director Berkley Center for Entrepreneurial Studies William J Baumol,Edward N. Wolff

Publisher: MIT Press

ISBN: 9780262072090

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 199

View: 7335

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Ralph Gomory and William Baumol adapt classical trade models to the modern world economy. In this book Ralph Gomory and William Baumol adapt classical trade models to the modern world economy. Trade today is dominated by manufactured goods, rapidly moving technology, and huge firms that benefit from economies of scale. This is very different from the largely agricultural world in which the classical theories originated. Gomory and Baumol show that the new and significant conflicts resulting from international trade are inherent in modern economies.Today improvement in one country's productive capabilities is often attainable only at the expense of another country's general welfare. The authors describe why and when this is so and why, in a modern free-trade environment, a country might have a vital stake in the competitive strength of its industries.

International Trade and Developing Countries

Bargaining Coalitions in GATT and WTO

Author: Amrita Narlikar

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 113436704X

Category: Political Science

Page: 256

View: 426

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A keen analysis of how and why countries bargain together in groups in world affairs, and why such coalitions are crucial to individual developing nations. It also reveals the effects these negotiating blocs are having on world affairs. Successful coalition building has proven to be a difficult and expensive process. Allies are often not obvious and need to be carefully identified. Large numbers do not necessarily entail a proportionate increase in influence. And the weak have the choice of teaming up against or jumping on the bandwagon with the strong. Even after it has been organised, collective action entails costs of many kinds. This book investigates the relevance and workability of coalitions as instruments of bargaining power for the weak. More specifically, this analyzes the coalition strategies of developing countries at the inter-state level, particularly in the context of international trade. Given the nature of this enquiry, this new study uses theoretical and empirical methods to complement each other. The theoretical approach draws from a plethora of writings: formal theories of clubs and coalitions, theories of domestic political economy and theories of international relations. The empirical analysis of comparable coalitions becomes necessary to assist in this theorising, so the greater part of the book focuses mainly (though not exclusively) on coalitions involving developing countries on the issue-area of trade in services. Through the case-studies of the Uruguay Round and an analytical overview of more recent coalitions, this text fills an important gap in the literature of international political economy and international relations where most GATT/WTO-based coalitions have eluded record. This book will be of great interest to all students of international relations, politics and globalization.

Losing the Global Development War

A Contemporary Critique of the IMF, the World Bank, and the WTO

Author: John Warren Head

Publisher: BRILL

ISBN: 9004161880

Category: Political Science

Page: 344

View: 1870

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This book offers a new perspective in examining the key global economic organizations - the International Monetary Fund, the World Bank (and its regional counterparts), and the World Trade Organization. Aimed at ordinary informed readers, the text draws upon the author's many years of familiarity with these organizations to evaluate them from a legal and policy perspective, touching on issues of "mission creep," "democracy deficit," and more. The book depicts such issues as the central struggles in a "Global Development War" that is now being lost because of certain ideological and institutional failings that currently afflict the global institutions. That war can be won, the author asserts, only by adopting an ideology of liberal, intelligent, participatory, multilateral, and sustainable human development.

Advanced Introduction to International Intellectual Property

Author: Susy Frankel,Daniel K Gervais

Publisher: Edward Elgar Publishing

ISBN: 178347050X

Category: Law

Page: 144

View: 5878

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Elgar Advanced Introductions are stimulating and thoughtful introductions to major fields in the social sciences and law, expertly written by the world’s leading scholars. This authoritative introduction provides a detailed overview of the complexities of the international intellectual property regime and the ways in which it operates. The authors cover the key international institutions and agreements that regulate and inform intellectual property at an international level such as the TRIPS Agreement, WIPO, WTO, the Paris Convention and the Berne Convention. The book serves as a platform to understand and contextualize policy discussions on topics such as public health, Internet regulation, as well as regional and bilateral trade treaties. Key features include: • Accessible and carefully summarized overview of the field • Comprehensive and up-to-date review of all major international intellectual property institutions and instruments • Introduces current issues within international IP negotiations • Provides tools to analyze the history and possible future development of international IP norms. Students, researchers, policy makers and practitioners of intellectual property will find this book to be an invaluable resource in gaining an understanding of the international rules and context in which both domestic and international IP policy issues should be understood.

Negotiating the World Economy

Author: John S. Odell

Publisher: Cornell University Press

ISBN: 9780801486463

Category: Political Science

Page: 252

View: 7940

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What goes on when government negotiators bargain over trade frictions? Does their behaviour have significant effects? This author argues that international variations in the process make a substantial difference to the outcomes of international economic issues and that the process can be improved.

Advanced Introduction to International Trade Law

Author: Michael J. Trebilcock

Publisher: Edward Elgar Publishing

ISBN: 1783471611

Category: Law

Page: 232

View: 2612

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øThis book presents an accessible yet nuanced introduction to the basic structure and principles of international trade law. It explores the development of the international trade law regime, principally GATT and WTO law, and through clear and concise

International Business Transactions in a Nutshell

Author: Ralph Folsom,Michael Gordon,Michael Ramsey,Michael Van Alstine

Publisher: West Academic Publishing

ISBN: 9781634598934

Category: Commercial law

Page: 497

View: 7095

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This work examines the law and practices relevant to the principal forms of international business and commercial transactions. It includes chapters on negotiating business transactions; the law governing international sales of goods; structuring international sales transactions; financing such transactions, especially through letters of credit; technology transfers; the initiation, operation, and termination of, as well as the limitations imposed on, foreign investments; property takings, including the options for protecting against and remedies for such actions; the extraterritorial regulation of international business; anti-corruption law; and the resolution of international disputes, whether through litigation in domestic court or through international arbitration.

China in Africa

Author: Chris Alden

Publisher: Zed Books Ltd.

ISBN: 1848134983

Category: Political Science

Page: 176

View: 1300

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Nowhere in the world is China’s rapid rise to power more evident than in Africa. From multi-billion dollar investments in oil and minerals to the influx of thousands of merchants, labourers and cheap consumer goods, China’s economic and political reach is redefining Africa’s traditional ties with the international community. This book investigates the emerging relationship between China and Africa to determine whether this engagement will be that of a development partner, economic competitor or new hegemon. Alden argues that in order to understand Chinese involvement on the continent, we need to recognize the range of economic, diplomatic and security rationales behind Beijing’s Africa policy as well as the response of African elites to China’s entreaties. Only then can the new challenges and opportunities for Africa and the West be accurately assessed.

World Trade Organization (WTO)

Law, Economics, and Politics

Author: Bernard M. Hoekman,Petros C. Mavroidis

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1134121555

Category: Political Science

Page: 146

View: 3361

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The World Trade Organization (WTO) is one of the most important international organizations in existence today. It contains a set of disciplines that affect the ability of governments to impose trade restrictions, and has helped to support the steady expansion of international trade since the 1950s. It is a unique organization in providing a framework for member states to make binding policy commitments that are enforced through a unique dispute settlement system and a variety of transparency mechanisms. Despite – or because of – its success, the WTO has recently become the focus of vociferous protests by anti-globalization activists. This book separates the facts from the propaganda and provides an accessible overview of the WTO's history, structure and policies as well as a discussion of the future of the organization. It also confronts the criticisms of the WTO and assesses their validity.

International Business Transactions

A Problem-oriented Coursebook

Author: Ralph Folsom,Michael Gordon,Michael Van Alstine,Michael Ramsey

Publisher: West Academic Publishing

ISBN: 9781634592673

Category: Law

Page: 1351

View: 9095

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The 12th Edition of this popular problem-oriented coursebook introduces law students to the conduct of business in the world community. Problems on international contracting, financing, trade regulation, licensing and technology transfers, foreign investment, and international business dispute resolution are included. The book provides current in-depth examination of issues clients are likely to face, such as contracting for sales across borders, financing international transactions, defending against import competition, expanding exports and overseas markets, investing abroad and dealing with NAFTA, the WTO, and other trade agreements. The coursebook is designed to survey a wide range of laws involving trade, licensing and investment, and explore how issues and problems are addressed by lawyers as problem solvers. The below Power Point presentations contain visual representations of a variety of international business transactions covered in the master International Business Transactions coursebook and in IBT: Contracting Across Borders. Through the use of illustrations, charts, and movement, the presentations show how the parties are situated as well as how the transactions typically unfold. The Power Points cover a wide variety of subjects, including the basic IBT sales transaction, the "battle of the forms," commercial terms and bills of lading, documentary sales transactions, letters of credit, and international project financing.

The General Theory of Employment, Interest, and Money

Author: John Maynard Keynes

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 3319703447

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 404

View: 1922

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This book was originally published by Macmillan in 1936. It was voted the top Academic Book that Shaped Modern Britain by Academic Book Week (UK) in 2017, and in 2011 was placed on Time Magazine's top 100 non-fiction books written in English since 1923. Reissued with a fresh Introduction by the Nobel-prize winner Paul Krugman and a new Afterword by Keynes’ biographer Robert Skidelsky, this important work is made available to a new generation. The General Theory of Employment, Interest and Money transformed economics and changed the face of modern macroeconomics. Keynes’ argument is based on the idea that the level of employment is not determined by the price of labour, but by the spending of money. It gave way to an entirely new approach where employment, inflation and the market economy are concerned. Highly provocative at its time of publication, this book and Keynes’ theories continue to remain the subject of much support and praise, criticism and debate. Economists at any stage in their career will enjoy revisiting this treatise and observing the relevance of Keynes’ work in today’s contemporary climate.

Principles of International Business Transactions

Author: Ralph Folsom,Michael Ramsey,Michael Van Alstine

Publisher: West Academic Publishing

ISBN: 9781634599399

Category:

Page: 919

View: 1227

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The Fourth Edition of Principles of International Business Transactions provides a more comprehensive examination of the law relevant to the subject matter and detailed citations to caselaw and other supporting authorities. It can be used by courts and legal practitioners as a resource for research and analysis, as well as by students and professors as a supplement for any international business law course. It tracks the authors' popular problem-oriented coursebook, International Business Transactions, and their three spin-offs Contracting Across Borders, Trade and Economic Relations and Foreign Investment Law. Coverage moves sequentially from structuring international sales transactions to international sales law and letters of credit to regulation of international trade to transfers of technology to foreign investment to international business dispute settlement.

Export Promotion

A Decision Support Model Approach

Author: Ludo Cuyvers,Wilma Viviers

Publisher: AFRICAN SUN MeDIA

ISBN: 9780987009630

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 276

View: 4723

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Governments are increasingly confronted with scarce resources, which force their export promotion organisations to seek more efficient ways and methods. At the same time, with the export successes of the emerging economies, public export promotion policies of countries are confronted with diminishing returns, particularly when the traditional export promotion instruments are used. The DSM (Decision Support Model) approach to export promotion, which is adopted and explained in the book, is deeply rooted in the international marketing research literature and allows to identify, in the rapidly changing international environment, the most promising realistic export opportunities for exporting countries.

Managing International Trade and Investment

Casebook

Author: Debora L Spar

Publisher: World Scientific Publishing Company

ISBN: 1911298178

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 468

View: 4526

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Despite the ease with which it is often conducted, doing business across borders is not the same as doing it at home. Rather, it entails a whole new set of managerial challenges: re-assessing competitive advantage; evaluating diverse political environments and legal structures; considering the impact of currency fluctuations and trading regimes; and understanding widely disparate cultures and business norms. Using the cases presented in this book, instructors can help their students build a framework of analysis that will enable them to understand the challenges of international trade and investment and master the opportunities these represent. Contents:Firms in the Global Economy: The Fundamentals of Trade and InvestmentThe Rules of the Game: National Policy and Firm ResponseRules of the International LevelInternational Trade in the Age of Information Readership: Upper-level undergraduates or graduate students in business, politics or international relations.

Economic Diplomacy and the Geography of International Trade

Author: Peter A. G. van Bergeijk

Publisher: Edward Elgar Publishing

ISBN: 1781007772

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 223

View: 6685

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The book presents an overview of the general aspects of trade uncertainty, a central element in the analysis of economic diplomacy, illustrating that some instruments, such as sanctions (both positive and negative), increase trade uncertainty, whilst others - multilateral trade policy, for instance - aim to reduce this uncertainty. Commercial policy and bilateral economic diplomacy are explored, and economic sanctions analysed. An extensive review of the literature and empirical investigations of 161 sanctions and the commercial relationships of 37 countries provide topical and empirical perspectives on how international diplomacy may both be a cost and a benefit of the key drivers of productivity growth. Finally, policy conclusions are drawn, and a future research agenda presented.