Interpreting Avicenna

Critical Essays

Author: Peter Adamson

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 0521190738

Category: Philosophy

Page: 300

View: 509

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This volume examines many aspects of the philosophy of Avicenna, the greatest philosopher of the Islamic world.

Interpreting Avicenna

Science And Philosophy In Medieval Islam-Proceedings Of The Second Conference Of The Avicenna Study Group

Author: Avicenna Study Group. Conference

Publisher: BRILL

ISBN: 9004139605

Category: Philosophy

Page: 262

View: 479

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The work treats various aspects of Avicennan philosophy and science. The topics include methods for establishing an authentic Avicenna corpus, natural philosophy and science, theology and metaphysics and Avicenna's subsequent historical influence.

Avicenna's Metaphysics in Context

Author: Robert Wisnovsky

Publisher: Cornell University Press

ISBN: 1501711520

Category: PHILOSOPHY

Page: 320

View: 3584

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The eleventh-century philosopher and physician Abu Ali ibn Sina (d. A.D. 1037) was known in the West by his Latinized name Avicenna. An analysis of the sources and evolution of Avicenna's metaphysics, this book focuses on the answers he and his predecessors gave to two fundamental pairs of questions: what is the soul and how does it cause the body; and what is God and how does He cause the world? To respond to these challenges, Avicenna invented new concepts and distinctions and reinterpreted old ones. The author concludes that Avicenna's innovations are a turning point in the history of metaphysics. Avicenna's metaphysics is the culmination of a period of synthesis during which philosophers fused together a Neoplatonic project (reconciling Plato with Aristotle) with a Peripatetic project (reconciling Aristotle with himself). Avicenna also stands at the beginning of a period during which philosophers sought to integrate the Arabic version of the earlier synthesis with Islamic doctrinal theology (kalam). Avicenna's metaphysics significantly influenced European scholastic thought, but it had an even more profound impact on Islamic intellectual history—the philosophical problems and opportunities associated with the Avicennian synthesis continued to be debated up to the end of the nineteenth century.

Avicenna

Author: Jon McGinnis

Publisher: Oxford University Press on Demand

ISBN: 0195331478

Category: Religion

Page: 300

View: 7519

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Ibn Sina - Avicenna in Latin - (980-1037) played a considerable role in the development of both eastern and western philosophy and science. This book provides a general introduction to Avicenna's intellectual system and offer a careful philosophical analysis of most of the major aspects of his thought.

Avicenna’s Medicine

A New Translation of the 11th-Century Canon with Practical Applications for Integrative Health Care

Author: Mones Abu-Asab,Hakima Amri,Marc S. Micozzi

Publisher: Simon and Schuster

ISBN: 1620551705

Category: Health & Fitness

Page: 480

View: 4656

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The first contemporary translation of the 1,000-year-old text at the foundation of modern medicine and biology • Presents the actual words of Avicenna translated directly from the original Arabic, removing the inaccuracies and errors of most translators • Explains current medical interpretations and ways to apply Avicenna’s concepts today, particularly for individualized medicine • Reveals how Avicenna’s understanding of the “humors” corresponds directly with the biomedical classes known today as proteins, lipids, and organic acids A millennium after his life, Avicenna remains one of the most highly regarded physicians of all time. His Canon of Medicine, also known as the Qanun, is one of the most famous and influential books in the history of medicine, forming the basis for our modern understanding of human health and disease. It focused not simply on the treatment of symptoms, but on finding the cause of illness through humoral diagnosis—a method still used in traditional Unani and Ayurvedic medicines in India. Originally written in Arabic, Avicenna’s Canon was long ago translated into Latin, Persian, and Urdu, yet many of the inaccuracies from those first translations linger in current English translations. Translated directly from the original Arabic, this volume includes detailed commentary to explain current biomedical interpretations of Avicenna’s theories and ways to apply his treatments today, particularly for individualized medicine. It shows how Avicenna’s understanding of the humors corresponds directly with the biomedical definition of proteins, lipids, and organic acids: the nutrient building blocks of our blood and body. With this new translation of the first volume of his monumental work, Avicenna’s Canon becomes just as relevant today as it was 1,000 years ago.

Avicenna and the Aristotelian Left

Author: Ernst Bloch

Publisher: Columbia University Press

ISBN: 0231548141

Category: Philosophy

Page: N.A

View: 726

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Ernst Bloch was one of the most significant twentieth-century German thinkers, yet he remains overshadowed by his Frankfurt School contemporaries. Known for his engagement with utopianism and religious thought, Bloch also wrote incisively about ontological questions. In his short masterpiece Avicenna and the Aristotelian Left, Bloch gives a striking account of materialism that traces emancipatory elements of modern thought to medieval Islamic philosophers’ encounter with Aristotle. Bloch argues that the great medieval Islamic philosopher Avicenna (Ibn Sina) planted the seeds of a radical materialism still relevant for critical theory today. He contrasts Avicenna’s and Aquinas’s interpretations of Aristotle on form and matter to argue that Avicenna’s reading democratizes power and undermines clerical and political authority. Bloch explores Avicenna’s world and metaphysics in detail, showing how even his most recondite theoretical concerns prove capable of pointing toward radical social transformation. He blazes an original path through the history of ideas, including Averroes (Ibn Rushd), Spinoza, and Marx as well as lesser-known figures. Here translated into English for the first time, Avicenna and the Aristotelian Left is at once a succinct summation of Bloch’s own idiosyncratic materialism, a provocative reconstruction of the Western philosophical tradition in light of its exchanges with Islamic thought, and a vital resource for contemporary debates about materialism in critical theory.

The Oxford Handbook of Islamic Philosophy

Author: Sabine Schmidtke

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0199917388

Category: Islamic philosophy

Page: 720

View: 9641

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The study of Islamic philosophy has entered a new and exciting phase in the last few years. Both the received canon of Islamic philosophers and the narrative of the course of Islamic philosophy are in the process of being radically questioned and revised. Most twentieth-century Western scholarship on Arabic or Islamic philosophy has focused on the period from the ninth century to the twelfth. It is a measure of the transformation that is currently underway in the field that, unlike other reference works, the Oxford Handbook has striven to give roughly equal weight to every century, from the ninth to the twentieth. The Handbook is also unique in that its 30 chapters are work-centered rather than person- or theme-centered, in particular taking advantage of recent new editions and translations that have renewed interest and debate around the Islamic philosophical canon. The Oxford Handbook of Islamic Philosophy gives both the advanced student and active scholar in Islamic philosophy, theology, and intellectual history, a strong sense of what a work in Islamic philosophy looks like and a deep view of the issues, concepts, and arguments that are at stake. Most importantly, it provides an up-to-date portrait of contemporary scholarship on Islamic philosophy.

Avicenna and the Aristotelian Tradition

Introduction to Reading Avicenna's Philosophical Works

Author: Dimitri Gutas

Publisher: BRILL

ISBN: 9004262075

Category: Philosophy

Page: 617

View: 5704

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Through close study of Avicenna's statements and major works, Dimitri Gutas traces Avicenna's own sense of his place in the Aristotelian tradition and the history of philosophy in Islam, and provides an introduction to reading his philosophical works by delineating the approach most consistent with Avicenna's intention and purpose in philosophy. The second edition of this foundational work, which has quickened fruitful research into the philosopher in the last quarter century, is completely revised and updated, and adds a new final chapter summarizing Avicenna's philosophical project. It is also enlarged with the addition of a new appendix which offers a critical inventory of Avicenna's authentic works, updating the work of Mahdavi (1954) with additional information on all manuscripts and important editions and translations. Its usefulness enhanced, the book provides primary orientation to Avicenna's philosophy and works and constitutes an indispensable research tool for their study.

Self-Awareness in Islamic Philosophy

Author: Jari Kaukua

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1107088798

Category: History

Page: 268

View: 8693

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"This book is the distillation of the research conducted during my postdoctoral period, but some of its central insights were already formed during my doctoral studies. I therefore owe an immense debt of gratitude to my supervisors, the late Juha Sihvola, Mikko Yrjonsuuri, and Taneli Kukkonen. The extremely conscientious and insightful comments of Jon McGinnis and Simo Knuuttila provided crucial corroboration and realignment at a formative stage"--

Al-Ghazali, Averroes and the Interpretation of the Qur'an

Common Sense and Philosophy in Islam

Author: Avital Wohlman

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1135224439

Category: Philosophy

Page: 144

View: 3027

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This book examines the contrasting interpretations of Islam and the Qur’an by Averroes and Al-Ghazali, as a way of helping us untangle current impasses affecting each Abrahamic faith. This has traditionally been portrayed as a battle between philosophy and theology, but the book shows that Averroes was rather more religious and Al-Ghazali more philosophical than they are usually portrayed. The book traces the interaction between two Muslim thinkers, showing how each is convinced of the existence of a Book in which God is revealed to rational beings, to whom He has given commandments, as well as of the excellence of Islamic society. Yet they differ regarding the proper way to interpret the sacred Book. From this point of view, their discussion does not address the contrast between philosophy and religion, or that between reason and revelation that is so characteristic of the Middle Ages, but rather explores differences at the heart of philosophical discussion in our day: is there a level of discourse which will facilitate mutual comprehension among persons, allowing them to engage in debate? This interpretation of sacred texts illustrates the ways religious practice can shape believers’ readings of their sacred texts, and how philosophical interpretations can be modified by religious practice. Moreover, since this sort of inquiry characterizes each Abrahamic tradition, this study can be expected to enhance interfaith conversation and explore religious ways to enhance tolerance between other believers.

Allegory and Philosophy in Avicenna (Ibn Sina)

With a Translation of the Book of the Prophet Muhammad's Ascent to Heaven

Author: Peter Heath

Publisher: University of Pennsylvania Press

ISBN: 0812202228

Category: Literary Criticism

Page: 272

View: 3852

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Explores the use of allegory in the writing of the renowned eleventh-century Muslim philosopher known in the West as Avicenna, paying special attention to the ways he influenced theological, mystical, and literary thought in subsequent Islamic—and Western—intellectual and religious history.

Canon of Medicine Volume 4: Systemic Diseases, Orthopedics and Cosmetics

Author: Avicenna

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9781567448344

Category: Medical

Page: N.A

View: 1754

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Volume 4, translated for the first time in English, contains seven parts. Part 22: On Dysfunctions in Various Parts of the Body, Avicenna gives a detailed analysis of the pain that comes from various physical dysfunctions. Part 23: On Fevers is a famous section of his Canon, often published on its own in the Latin translation. Part 24: On Diagnosis Based on Symptoms includes a discussion on what a medical crisis is and how to deal with it. Part 25: On Swellings and Pimples includes these illnesses as part of Systemic Diseases along with Part 26: On the Loss of Continuity. Part 26 essentially deals with the importance of energy in Avicennian medicine and the resulting illnesses when the movement of energy is disrupted causing a loss of continuity in its flow. Part 27 describes Poisons and Part 28 the Cosmetic Art. Contains an index of the contents indexed by healing properties.

Classical Arabic Philosophy

An Anthology of Sources

Author: N.A

Publisher: Hackett Publishing

ISBN: 1603840338

Category: Philosophy

Page: 464

View: 1030

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This volume introduces the major classical Arabic philosophers through substantial selections from the key works (many of which appear in translation for the first time here) in each of the fields--including logic, philosophy of science, natural philosophy, metaphysics, ethics, and politics--to which they made significant contributions. An extensive Introduction situating the works within their historical, cultural, and philosophical contexts offers support to students approaching the subject for the first time, as well as to instructors with little or no formal training in Arabic thought. A glossary, select bibliography, and index are also included.

Struggling with the Philosopher

A Refutation of Avicenna's Metaphysics

Author: Muhammad al-Shahrastani

Publisher: I.B.Tauris

ISBN: 0857717111

Category: Philosophy

Page: 256

View: 391

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Modern scholarship has revealed that Muhammed b. 'abd al-Karim al-Shahrastani, the famous Muslim theologian of the 12th century and author of the 'Book of Religious and Philosophical Sects', was greatly influenced by Ismaili teachings and expounds it in many of his works. In fact, he may even have been a secret Ismaili. In this work al-Shahrastani refutes the metaphysics of Ibn Sina (Avicenna) from an Ismaili point of view. He sets forth his own philosophical theology which is based on the Ismaili concept of the absolute transcendence of God beyond existence and comprehension.

The Arabic, Hebrew and Latin Reception of Avicenna's Metaphysics

Author: Dag Nikolaus Hasse,Amos Bertolacci

Publisher: Walter de Gruyter

ISBN: 3110215764

Category: Philosophy

Page: 406

View: 3778

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Avicenna’s Metaphysics (in Arabic Ilâhiyyât) is one of the most important metaphysical treatises after Aristotle. This volume presents studies on its direct and indirect influence on Arabic, Hebrew, and Latin culture from the early 11th through the 16th century. Among the philosophical topics which receive particular attention are the distinction between essence and existence, the theory of universals, the concept of God as the necessary being, and the theory of emanation. The studies also address the philological and historical circumstances of the textual tradition in three medieval cultures.

The Reception of Aristotle's Metaphysics in Avicenna's Kitāb Al-Šifāơ

A Milestone of Western Metaphysical Thought

Author: Amos Bertolacci

Publisher: Brill Academic Pub

ISBN: N.A

Category: Philosophy

Page: 675

View: 6327

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The systematic comparison of Avicenna's Ilahiyyat of the Šifa' with Aristotle's Metaphysics, accomplished for the first time in the present volume, provides a detailed account of Avicenna's reworking of the epistemological profile and contents of the Metaphysics and a comprehensive investigation of this latter's transmission in pre-Avicennian Greek and Arabic philosophy.

An Eleventh-Century Egyptian Guide to the Universe

The Book of Curiosities, Edited with an Annotated Translation

Author: N.A

Publisher: BRILL

ISBN: 9004256997

Category: History

Page: 804

View: 5510

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The Book of Curiosities is an eleventh-century Arabic account of the heavens and the Earth, illustrated by remarkable maps and astronomical diagrams. This authoritative edition and translation opens a unique window onto the geographical and astrological knowledge of medieval Islam.

الشفاء: الالهيات

A Parallel English-Arabic Text

Author: Avicenna

Publisher: FARMS

ISBN: N.A

Category: History

Page: 441

View: 6360

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Within this emanative scheme we encounter some of the basic ideas of Avicenna's religious and political philosophy, including his discussion of the divine attributes, divine providence, the Hereafter, and the ideal, "virtuous" city with its philosopher-prophet as the recipient and conveyer of the revealed law, a human link between the celestial and the terrestrial worlds."--BOOK JACKET.