Introduction to Advanced Mathematics: A Guide to Understanding Proofs

Author: Connie M. Campbell

Publisher: Cengage Learning

ISBN: 1133168787

Category: Mathematics

Page: 144

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This text offers a crucial primer on proofs and the language of mathematics. Brief and to the point, it lays out the fundamental ideas of abstract mathematics and proof techniques that students will need to master for other math courses. Campbell presents these concepts in plain English, with a focus on basic terminology and a conversational tone that draws natural parallels between the language of mathematics and the language students communicate in every day. The discussion highlights how symbols and expressions are the building blocks of statements and arguments, the meanings they convey, and why they are meaningful to mathematicians. In-class activities provide opportunities to practice mathematical reasoning in a live setting, and an ample number of homework exercises are included for self-study. This text is appropriate for a course in Foundations of Advanced Mathematics taken by students who've had a semester of calculus, and is designed to be accessible to students with a wide range of mathematical proficiency. It can also be used as a self-study reference, or as a supplement in other math courses where additional proofs practice is needed. Important Notice: Media content referenced within the product description or the product text may not be available in the ebook version.

Numbers and Proofs

Author: Reg Allenby

Publisher: Butterworth-Heinemann

ISBN: N.A

Category: Mathematics

Page: 274

View: 1147

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'Numbers and Proofs' presents a gentle introduction to the notion of proof to give the reader an understanding of how to decipher others' proofs as well as construct their own. Useful methods of proof are illustrated in the context of studying problems concerning mainly numbers (real, rational, complex and integers). An indispensable guide to all students of mathematics. Each proof is preceded by a discussion which is intended to show the reader the kind of thoughts they might have before any attempt proof is made. Established proofs which the student is in a better position to follow then follow. Presented in the author's entertaining and informal style, and written to reflect the changing profile of students entering universities, this book will prove essential reading for all seeking an introduction to the notion of proof as well as giving a definitive guide to the more common forms. Stressing the importance of backing up "truths" found through experimentation, with logically sound and watertight arguments, it provides an ideal bridge to more complex undergraduate maths.

Building Proofs

A Practical Guide

Author: Suely Oliveira,David Stewart

Publisher: World Scientific Publishing Company

ISBN: 9814641324

Category: Mathematics

Page: 176

View: 8163

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This book introduces students to the art and craft of writing proofs, beginning with the basics of writing proofs and logic, and continuing on with more in-depth issues and examples of creating proofs in different parts of mathematics, as well as introducing proofs-of-correctness for algorithms. The creation of proofs is covered for theorems in both discrete and continuous mathematics, and in difficulty ranging from elementary to beginning graduate level. Just beyond the standard introductory courses on calculus, theorems and proofs become central to mathematics. Students often find this emphasis difficult and new. This book is a guide to understanding and creating proofs. It explains the standard “moves” in mathematical proofs: direct computation, expanding definitions, proof by contradiction, proof by induction, as well as choosing notation and strategies.

A TeXas Style Introduction to Proof

Author: Ron Taylor,Patrick X. Rault

Publisher: The Mathematical Association of America

ISBN: 1939512131

Category: Mathematics

Page: 176

View: 8235

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A TeXas Style Introduction to Proof is an IBL textbook designed for a one-semester course on proofs (the "bridge course") that also introduces TeX as a tool students can use to communicate their work. As befitting "textless" text, the book is, as one reviewer characterized it, "minimal." Written in an easy-going style, the exposition is just enough to support the activities, and it is clear, concise, and effective. The book is well organized and contains ample carefully selected exercises that are varied, interesting, and probing, without being discouragingly difficult.

A Guide to Plane Algebraic Curves

Author: Keith Kendig

Publisher: MAA

ISBN: 0883853531

Category: Mathematics

Page: 193

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This is an informal and accessible introduction to plane algebraic curves that also serves as a natural entry point to algebraic geometry. There is a unifying theme to the book: give curves enough living space and beautiful theorems will follow. This book provides the reader with a solid intuition for the subject, while at the same time keeping the exposition simple and understandable, by introducing abstract concepts with concrete examples and pictures. It can be used as the text for an undergraduate course on plane algebraic curves, or as a companion to algebraic geometry at graduate level. This book is accessible to those with a limited mathematical background. This is because for those outside mathematics there is a growing need for an entre to algebraic geometry, a need created by the ever-expanding role algebraic geometry is playing in areas ranging from biology to chemistry and robotics to cryptology.

Discrete Mathematics with Proof

Author: Eric Gossett

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 0470457937

Category: Mathematics

Page: 904

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"Discrete mathematics has become increasingly popular in recent years due to its growing applications in the field of computer science. - Discrete Mathematics with Proof, Second Edition continues to facilitate an up-to-date understanding of this important topic, exposing readers to a wide range of modern and technological applications. Assuming only a basic background in calculus, Discrete Mathematics with Proof, Second Edition is an excellent book for mathematics and computer science courses at the undergraduate level. - It is also a valuable resource for professionals in various technical fields who would like an introduction to discrete mathematics."--Jacket.

Mathematical Elegance

An Approachable Guide to Understanding Basic Concepts

Author: Steven Goldberg

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1351506641

Category: Mathematics

Page: 123

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The heart of mathematics is its elegance; the way it all fits together. Unfortunately, its beauty often eludes the vast majority of people who are intimidated by fear of the difficulty of numbers. Mathematical Elegance remedies this. Using hundreds of examples, the author presents a view of the mathematical landscape that is both accessible and fascinating. At a time of concern that American youth are bored by math, there is renewed interest in improving math skills. Mathematical Elegance stimulates students, along with those already experienced in the discipline, to explore some of the unexpected pleasures of quantitative thinking. Invoking mathematical proofs famous for their simplicity and brainteasers that are fun and illuminating, the author leaves readers feeling exuberant-as well as convinced that their IQs have been raised by ten points. A host of anecdotes about well-known mathematicians humanize and provide new insights into their lofty subjects. Recalling such classic works as Lewis Carroll's Introduction to Logic and A Mathematician Reads the Newspaper by John Allen Paulos, Mathematical Elegance will energize and delight a wide audience, ranging from intellectually curious students to the enthusiastic general reader.

A Guide to Elementary Number Theory

Author: Underwood Dudley

Publisher: MAA

ISBN: 9780883853474

Category: Mathematics

Page: 141

View: 6666

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"A Guide to Elementary Number Theory is a 140-page exposition of the topics considered in a first course in number theory. It is intended for those who may have seen the material before but have half-forgotten it, and also for those who may have misspent their youth by not having a course in number theory and who want to see what it is about without having to wade through traditional texts, some of which approach 500 pages in length. It will be especially useful to graduate students preparing for qualifying exams. Though Plato did not quite say, "He is unworthy of the name of man who does not know which integers are the sums of two squares," he came close. This guide can make everyone more worthy."--P. [4] of cover.

Mathematics Teaching Practice

Guide for University and College Lecturers

Author: J H Mason

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 0857099647

Category: Mathematics

Page: 230

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Mathematics; Clarifying the distinction between mathematical research and mathematics education, this book offers hundreds of suggestions for making small and medium sized changes for lectures, tutorials, task design, or problem solving. Here is guidance and inspiration for effective mathematics teaching in a modern technological environment, directed to teachers who are unhappy with results or experience, or those now in teacher training or new to the profession. Commencing with a range of student behaviours and attitudes that have struck and amazed tutors and lecturers, Professor Mason offers a wealth of partial diagnoses, followed by specific advice and suggestions for remedial actions. Offers suggestions for making small and medium-sized changes for lectures, tutorials, task design, or problem solving Provides guidance and inspiration for effective mathematics teaching in a modern technological environment Offers a wealth of partial diagnoses, followed by specific advice and suggestions for remedial actions

Research in Collegiate Mathematics Education VII

Author: Fernando Hitt,Derek Allan Holton,Patrick W. Thompson

Publisher: American Mathematical Soc.

ISBN: 0821849964

Category: Mathematics

Page: 261

View: 338

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The present volume of Research in Collegiate Mathematics Education, like previous volumes in this series, reflects the importance of research in mathematics education at the collegiate level. The editors in this series encourage communication between mathematicians and mathematics educators, and as pointed out by the International Commission of Mathematics Instruction (ICMI), much more work is needed in concert with these two groups. Indeed, editors of RCME are aware of this need and the articles published in this series are in line with that goal. Nine papers constitute this volume. The first two examine problems students experience when converting a representation from one particular system of representations to another. The next three papers investigate students learning about proofs. In the next two papers, the focus is instructor knowledge for teaching calculus. The final two papers in the volume address the nature of ``conception'' in mathematics. Whether they are specialists in education or mathematicians interested in finding out about the field, readers will obtain new insights about teaching and learning and will take away ideas that they can use.

Principia Mathematica.

Author: Alfred North Whitehead,Bertrand Russell

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Logic, Symbolic and mathematical

Page: 167

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A Concrete Approach to Abstract Algebra

From the Integers to the Insolvability of the Quintic

Author: Jeffrey Bergen

Publisher: Academic Press

ISBN: 9780080958620

Category: Mathematics

Page: 720

View: 4772

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A Concrete Approach to Abstract Algebra presents a solid and highly accessible introduction to abstract algebra by providing details on the building blocks of abstract algebra. It begins with a concrete and thorough examination of familiar objects such as integers, rational numbers, real numbers, complex numbers, complex conjugation, and polynomials. The author then builds upon these familiar objects and uses them to introduce and motivate advanced concepts in algebra in a manner that is easier to understand for most students. Exercises provide a balanced blend of difficulty levels, while the quantity allows the instructor a latitude of choices. The final four chapters present the more theoretical material needed for graduate study. This text will be of particular interest to teachers and future teachers as it links abstract algebra to many topics which arise in courses in algebra, geometry, trigonometry, precalculus, and calculus. Presents a more natural 'rings first' approach to effectively leading the student into the the abstract material of the course by the use of motivating concepts from previous math courses to guide the discussion of abstract algebra Bridges the gap for students by showing how most of the concepts within an abstract algebra course are actually tools used to solve difficult, but well-known problems Builds on relatively familiar material (Integers, polynomials) and moves onto more abstract topics, while providing a historical approach of introducing groups first as automorphisms Exercises provide a balanced blend of difficulty levels, while the quantity allows the instructor a latitude of choices

A Beginner's Guide to Graph Theory

Author: W.D. Wallis

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9780817645809

Category: Mathematics

Page: 260

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Concisely written, gentle introduction to graph theory suitable as a textbook or for self-study Graph-theoretic applications from diverse fields (computer science, engineering, chemistry, management science) 2nd ed. includes new chapters on labeling and communications networks and small worlds, as well as expanded beginner's material Many additional changes, improvements, and corrections resulting from classroom use

An Introduction to Continuous-Time Stochastic Processes

Theory, Models, and Applications to Finance, Biology, and Medicine

Author: Vincenzo Capasso,David Bakstein

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 0817683461

Category: Mathematics

Page: 434

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Expanding on the first edition of An Introduction to Continuous-Time Stochastic Processes, this concisely written book is a rigorous and self-contained introduction to the theory of continuous-time stochastic processes. A balance of theory and applications, the work features concrete examples of modeling real-world problems from biology, medicine, industrial applications, finance, and insurance using stochastic methods. No previous knowledge of stochastic processes is required.

Student Writing in the Quantitative Disciplines

A Guide for College Faculty

Author: Patrick Bahls

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1118205820

Category: Education

Page: 192

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Designing interesting problems and writing assignments is one ofthe chief tasks of all teachers, but it can be especiallychallenging to translate and apply learning theory, good teachingtechniques, and writing assignments into STEM and otherquantitative disciplines. Student Writing in the QuantitativeDisciplines offers instructors in math-based disciplines meaningfulapproaches to making their coursework richer and more relevant fortheir students, as well as satisfying institutional imperatives forwriting curricula. This important resource provides instructorswith the hands-on skills needed to guide their students in writingwell in quantitative courses at all levels of the collegecurriculum and to promote students' general cognitive andintellectual growth. Comprehensive in scope, the book includes: Ideas for using writing as a means of learning mathematicalconcepts Illustrative examples of effective writing activities andassignments in a number of different genres Assessment criteria and effective strategies for responding tostudents' writing Examples of ways to help students engage in peer review,revision, and resubmission of their written work "Those of us who spend our lives urging faculty in alldisciplines to integrate more writing into their courses havewished for the day when someone like Patrick Bahls would stepforward with a book like this one."—Chris M. Anson, UniversityDistinguished Professor and director, Campus Writing and SpeakingProgram, North Carolina State University "Written by a mathematician, this readable, theoretically soundbook describes practical strategies for teachers in thequantitative sciences to assign and respond to students' writing.It also describes numerous approaches to writing that engagestudents in disciplinary learning, collaborative discovery, andeffective communication."—Art Young, Campbell Professor ofEnglish emeritus, Clemson University "Loaded with practical advice, this timely, important, andengaging book will be an invaluable resource for instructorswishing to bring the benefits of writing-to-learn to thequantitative disciplines. As a mathematician thoroughly grounded inwriting-across-the-curriculum scholarship, Bahls brings humor,classroom experience, and pedagogical savvy to a mission he clearlyloves—improving the quality of student learning in math andscience."—John C. Bean, professor, Seattle University, andauthor, Engaging Ideas

A Student's Guide to the Study, Practice, and Tools of Modern Mathematics

Author: Donald Bindner,Martin Erickson

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 1439846073

Category: Mathematics

Page: 280

View: 7446

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A Student’s Guide to the Study, Practice, and Tools of Modern Mathematics provides an accessible introduction to the world of mathematics. It offers tips on how to study and write mathematics as well as how to use various mathematical tools, from LaTeX and Beamer to Mathematica® and MapleTM to MATLAB® and R. Along with a color insert, the text includes exercises and challenges to stimulate creativity and improve problem solving abilities. The first section of the book covers issues pertaining to studying mathematics. The authors explain how to write mathematical proofs and papers, how to perform mathematical research, and how to give mathematical presentations. The second section focuses on the use of mathematical tools for mathematical typesetting, generating data, finding patterns, and much more. The text describes how to compose a LaTeX file, give a presentation using Beamer, create mathematical diagrams, use computer algebra systems, and display ideas on a web page. The authors cover both popular commercial software programs and free and open source software, such as Linux and R. Showing how to use technology to understand mathematics, this guide supports students on their way to becoming professional mathematicians. For beginning mathematics students, it helps them study for tests and write papers. As time progresses, the book aids them in performing advanced activities, such as computer programming, typesetting, and research.

Euclidean and Transformational Geometry: A Deductive Inquiry

Author: Shlomo Libeskind

Publisher: Jones & Bartlett Publishers

ISBN: 0763762229

Category: Mathematics

Page: 371

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Ideal for mathematics majors and prospective secondary school teachers, Euclidean and Transformational Geometry provides a complete and solid presentation of Euclidean geometry with an emphasis on solving challenging problems. The author examines various strategies and heuristics for approaching proofs and discusses the process students should follow to determine how to proceed from one step to the next through numerous problem solving techniques. A large collection of problems, varying in level of difficulty, are integrated throughout the text and suggested hints for the more challenging problems appear in the instructor's solutions manual and can be used at the instructor's discretion.

Advanced Calculus

An Introduction to Linear Analysis

Author: Leonard F. Richardson

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1118030672

Category: Mathematics

Page: 416

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Features an introduction to advanced calculus and highlights itsinherent concepts from linear algebra Advanced Calculus reflects the unifying role of linearalgebra in an effort to smooth readers' transition to advancedmathematics. The book fosters the development of completetheorem-proving skills through abundant exercises while alsopromoting a sound approach to the study. The traditional theoremsof elementary differential and integral calculus are rigorouslyestablished, presenting the foundations of calculus in a way thatreorients thinking toward modern analysis. Following an introduction dedicated to writing proofs, the bookis divided into three parts: Part One explores foundational one-variable calculus topics fromthe viewpoint of linear spaces, norms, completeness, and linearfunctionals. Part Two covers Fourier series and Stieltjes integration, whichare advanced one-variable topics. Part Three is dedicated to multivariable advanced calculus,including inverse and implicit function theorems and Jacobiantheorems for multiple integrals. Numerous exercises guide readers through the creation of theirown proofs, and they also put newly learned methods into practice.In addition, a "Test Yourself" section at the end of each chapterconsists of short questions that reinforce the understanding ofbasic concepts and theorems. The answers to these questions andother selected exercises can be found at the end of the book alongwith an appendix that outlines key terms and symbols from settheory. Guiding readers from the study of the topology of the real lineto the beginning theorems and concepts of graduate analysis,Advanced Calculus is an ideal text for courses in advancedcalculus and introductory analysis at the upper-undergraduate andbeginning-graduate levels. It also serves as a valuable referencefor engineers, scientists, and mathematicians.

Intermediate Logic

Author: David Bostock

Publisher: Clarendon Press

ISBN: 9780191567070

Category: Mathematics

Page: 404

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Intermediate Logic fills a serious gap in the range of university logic texts by offering a clear, reliable, general guide for students taking a second course in logic after completing a basic introduction. It will serve as an ideal follow-up to any of the standard introductory texts, and will give excellent preparation for advanced work in logical theory or applications of logic in philosophy, mathematics, or computing theory. - ;Intermediate Logic is an ideal text for anyone who has taken a first course in logic and is progressing to further study. It examines logical theory, rather than the applications of logic, and does not assume any specific technological grounding. The author introduces and explains each concept and term, ensuring that readers have a firm foundation for study. He provides a broad, deep understanding of logic by adopting and comparing a variety of different methods and approaches. In the first section, Bostock covers such fundamental notions as truth, validity, entailment, quantification, and decision procedures. Part two lays out a definitive introduction to four key logical tools or procedures: semantic tableaux, axiomatic proofs, natural deduction, and sequent calculi. The final section opens up new areas of existence and identity, concluding by moving from orthodox logic to examination of `free logic'. Intermediate Logic provides an ideal secondary course in logic for university students, and a bridge to advanced study of such subjects as model theory, proof theory, and other specialized areas of mathematical logic. -

Concise Guide to Computation Theory

Author: Akira Maruoka

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9780857295354

Category: Computers

Page: 281

View: 8278

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This textbook presents a thorough foundation to the theory of computation. Combining intuitive descriptions and illustrations with rigorous arguments and detailed proofs for key topics, the logically structured discussion guides the reader through the core concepts of automata and languages, computability, and complexity of computation. Topics and features: presents a detailed introduction to the theory of computation, complete with concise explanations of the mathematical prerequisites; provides end-of-chapter problems with solutions, in addition to chapter-opening summaries and numerous examples and definitions throughout the text; draws upon the author’s extensive teaching experience and broad research interests; discusses finite automata, context-free languages, and pushdown automata; examines the concept, universality and limitations of the Turing machine; investigates computational complexity based on Turing machines and Boolean circuits, as well as the notion of NP-completeness.