Introduction to Geostatistics

Applications in Hydrogeology

Author: P. K. Kitanidis

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9780521587471

Category: Science

Page: 249

View: 833

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Introduction to Geostatistics presents practical techniques for engineers and applied geophysicists who routinely encounter interpolation and estimation problems when analyzing data from field observations. Requiring no background in statistics, and with a unique approach that synthesizes classic and geostatistical methods, this book presents linear estimation methods for practitioners and advanced students. Well illustrated with exercises and worked examples, taken from hydrogeology Introduction to Geostatistics is suitable for graduate-level courses in earth sciences and environmental engineering, and also for self-study.

Multivariate Geostatistics

An Introduction with Applications

Author: Hans Wackernagel

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 3662035502

Category: Science

Page: 293

View: 1332

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An introduction to geostatistics stressing the multivariate aspects for scientists, engineers and statisticians. The book presents a brief review of statistical concepts, a detailed introduction to linear geostatistics, and an account of three basic methods of multivariate analysis. Applications from very different areas of science, as well as exercises with solutions, are provided to help convey the general ideas. In this second edition, the chapters regarding normal kriging and cokriging have been restructured and the section on non-stationary geostatistics has been entirely rewritten.

Practical geostatistics

modeling and spatial analysis. Manual

Author: Simon Houlding

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9783540668206

Category: Mathematics

Page: 159

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Presents a set of linked HTML documents on the application of geostatistical theory, designed to be viewed and navigated with an Internet browser.

Key Methods in Geography

Author: Nicholas Clifford,Shaun French,Gill Valentine

Publisher: SAGE

ISBN: 9781446243633

Category: Science

Page: 568

View: 9609

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"Its range is far broader than the majority of methods texts, being concerned with both human and physical geography... Given the seriousness with which Key Methods in Geography approaches all aspects of research, it will continue to find wide favour among undergraduate geographers." - Times Higher Education Textbook Guide "All geographers, whatever their interest, need to do research. This book will help them get started in the best possible way, with thoughtful advice on everything from project design, through choice of methods, to data analysis and presentation. The editors have assembled an impressive array of authors, all experts in their chosen field." - Tim Burt, University of Durham "Excellent book. Valuable teaching aid. Well written and covers a wide range of methods thoroughly." - Sue Rodway-Dyer, Exeter University "This is an excellent book and deals with a number of topics (which I teach) outside of the tutorial module where it is a recommended text for geographers. A very useful textbook throughout a 3 year Geography programme." - Ian Harris, Bangor University Key Methods in Geography is an introduction to the principal methodological issues involved in the collection, analysis and presentation of geographical information. It is unique in the reference literature for providing an overview of qualitative and quantitative methods for human and physical geography. An accessible primer, it will be used by students as a reference throughout their degree, on all issues from research design to presentation. This second edition has been fully revised and updated and includes new chapters on internet mediated research, diaries as a research method, making observations and measurements in the field, and the analysis of natural systems. Organized into four sections: Getting Started in Geographical Research; Generating and Working with Data in Human Geography; Generating and Working with Data in Physical Geography; Representing and Interpreting Geographical Data; each chapter comprises: A short definition A summary of the principal arguments A substantive 5,000-word discussion Use of real-life examples Annotated notes for further reading. The teaching of research methods is integral to all geography courses: Key Methods in Geography, 2nd Edition explains all of the key methods with which geography undergraduates must be conversant.

Solved Problems in Geostatistics

Author: Oy Leuangthong,K. Daniel Khan,Clayton V. Deutsch

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1118210514

Category: Mathematics

Page: 208

View: 1807

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This unique book presents a learn-by-doing introduction togeostatistics. Geostatistics provides the essential numerical tools foraddressing research problems that are encountered in fields ofstudy such as geology, engineering, and the earth sciences.Illustrating key methods through both theoretical and practicalexercises, Solved Problems in Geostatistics is a valuableand well-organized collection of worked-out problems that allow thereader to master the statistical techniques for modeling data inthe geological sciences. The book's scope of coverage begins with the elements fromstatistics and probability that form the foundation of mostgeostatistical methodologies, such as declustering, debiasingmethods, and Monte Carlo simulation. Next, the authors delve intothree fundamental areas in conventional geostatistics: covarianceand variogram functions; kriging; and Gaussian simulation. Finally,special topics are introduced through problems involving utilitytheory, loss functions, and multiple-point geostatistics. Each topic is treated in the same clearly organized format.First, an objective presents the main concepts that will beestablished in the section. Next, the background and assumptionsare outlined, supplying the comprehensive foundation that isnecessary to begin work on the problem. A solution plandemonstrates the steps and considerations that have to be takenwhen working with the exercise, and the solution allows the readerto check their work. Finally, a remarks section highlights theoverarching principles and noteworthy aspects of the problem. Additional exercises are available via a related Web site, whichalso includes data related to the book problems and softwareprograms that facilitate their resolution. Enforcing a trulyhands-on approach to the topic, Solved Problems inGeostatistics is an indispensable supplement for courses ongeostatistics and spatial statistics a the upper-undergraduate andgraduate levels.It also serves as an applied reference forpracticing professionals in the geosciences.

Nonparametric Geostatistics

Author: S. Henley

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9780853349778

Category: Science

Page: 145

View: 7198

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The ideas in this book have been developed over the past three or four years while I was working at the Institute of Geological Sciences and later for Golder Associates. During that time all of the geological modelling and resource estimation studies I participated in had data that were non-ideal in one respect or another (or just plain 'dirty'): the standard ways of handling the data with kriging or with simpler parametric methods gave reason able results, but always there were nagging doubts and some lack of confidence because of the corners that had to be cut in generat ing a model. The bimodal distribution that was assumed to be 'close enough' to normal; the pattern of rich and poor zones that was not quite a trend yet made the data very non-stationary; and the many plotted variograms that would not fit any standard model variogram: these all contributed to the feeling that there should be something that statistics could say about the cases where hardly any assumptions could be made about the properties ofthe parent population.

Applied Mineral Inventory Estimation

Author: Alastair J. Sinclair,Garston H. Blackwell

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9781139433594

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: N.A

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Applied Mineral Inventory Estimation presents a comprehensive applied approach to the estimation of mineral resources/reserves with particular emphasis on the geological basis of such estimations, the need for and maintenance of a high quality assay data base, the practical use of a comprehensive exploratory data evaluation, and the importance of a comprehensive geostatistical approach to the estimation methodology. Practical problems and real data are used throughout as illustrations: each chapter ends with a summary of practical concerns, a number of practical exercises and a short list of references for supplementary study. This textbook is suitable for any university or mining school that offers senior undergraduate and graduate student courses on mineral resource/reserve estimation. It will also be valuable for professional mining engineers, geological engineers and geologists working with mineral exploration and mining companies.

Geostatistics Wollongong &96. 1 (1997)

Author: Ernest Y. Baafi,Neil A. Schofield

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9780792344940

Category: Geology

Page: 1333

View: 3688

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The papers in this volume provide a comprehensive account of the current methods and work in geostatistics, including recent theoretical developments and applications. Topics featured include: stochastic simulations, space-time modelling, and Bayesian framework.

Multiple-point Geostatistics

Stochastic Modeling with Training Images

Author: Professor Gregoire Mariethoz,Jef Caers

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1118662938

Category: Science

Page: 376

View: 3260

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This book provides a comprehensive introduction to multiple-point geostatistics, where spatial continuity is described using training images. Multiple-point geostatistics aims at bridging the gap between physical modelling/realism and spatio-temporal stochastic modelling. The book provides an overview of this new field in three parts. Part I presents a conceptual comparison between traditional random function theory and stochastic modelling based on training images, where random function theory is not always used. Part II covers in detail various algorithms and methodologies starting from basic building blocks in statistical science and computer science. Concepts such as non-stationary and multi-variate modeling, consistency between data and model, the construction of training images and inverse modelling are treated. Part III covers three example application areas, namely, reservoir modelling, mineral resources modelling and climate model downscaling. This book will be an invaluable reference for students, researchers and practitioners of all areas of the Earth Sciences where forecasting based on spatio-temporal data is performed.

Atlas of Antarctica

Topographic Maps from Geostatistical Analysis of Satellite Radar Altimeter Data

Author: Ute Christina Herzfeld

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 3642185150

Category: Science

Page: 365

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The atlas consists of 136 topographic maps derived from satellite radar altimetry (Geosat and ERS-1 data). Each map is presented together with a description of glaciologic and topographic features. The main section is preceded by an introduction and three up-to-date topics and followed by applications. Applications are in monitoring changes in Antarctic glaciers, ice streams and ice shelves, and in detailed regional studies of outlet glaciers of the inland ice. The reader will also find index maps, an exhaustive list of references on related subjects in glaciology, geodesy, geomathematics, remote sensing, and an index of the Antarctic place names.

Applied Geostatistics

Author: Edward H. Isaaks,R. Mohan Srivastava

Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA

ISBN: 9780195050134

Category: Mathematics

Page: 561

View: 7066

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"The book is so easy to follow that many readers may not even need formal instruction and may find it suitable for self-tutoring. I predict the volume will be a standard geostatistical reference for the decade." --Mathematical Geology

Computing in Geographic Information Systems

Author: Narayan Panigrahi

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 1482223163

Category: Mathematics

Page: 303

View: 4475

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Capable of acquiring large volumes of data through sensors deployed in air, land, and sea, and making this information readily available in a continuous time frame, the science of geographical information system (GIS) is rapidly evolving. This popular information system is emerging as a platform for scientific visualization, simulation, and computation of spatio-temporal data. New computing techniques are being researched and implemented to match the increasing capability of modern-day computing platforms and easy availability of spatio-temporal data. This has led to the need for the design, analysis, development, and optimization of new algorithms for extracting spatio-temporal patterns from a large volume of spatial data. Computing in Geographic Information Systems considers the computational aspects, and helps students understand the mathematical principles of GIS. It provides a deeper understanding of the algorithms and mathematical methods inherent in the process of designing and developing GIS functions. It examines the associated scientific computations along with the applications of computational geometry, differential geometry, and affine geometry in processing spatial data. It also covers the mathematical aspects of geodesy, cartography, map projection, spatial interpolation, spatial statistics, and coordinate transformation. The book discusses the principles of bathymetry and generation of electronic navigation charts. The book consists of 12 chapters. Chapters one through four delve into the modeling and preprocessing of spatial data and prepares the spatial data as input to the GIS system. Chapters five through eight describe the various techniques of computing the spatial data using different geometric and statically techniques. Chapters nine through eleven define the technique for image registration computation and measurements of spatial objects and phenomenon. Examines cartographic modeling and map projection Covers the mathematical aspects of different map projections Explores some of the spatial analysis techniques and applications of GIS Introduces the bathymetric principles and systems generated using bathymetric charts Explains concepts of differential geometry, affine geometry, and computational geometry Discusses popular analysis and measurement methods used in GIS This text outlines the key concepts encompassing GIS and spatio-temporal information, and is intended for students, researchers, and professionals engaged in analysis, visualization, and estimation of spatio-temporal events.

Geostatistics with Applications in Earth Sciences

Author: D.D. Sarma

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9781402093807

Category: Science

Page: 206

View: 8099

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Geostatistics is expanding very fast: concept- and technique-wise. Keeping in view the importance of the subject, it was thought appropriate to bring out the second edition of this book. In this process, Chapter I has been expanded In Chapter 2, incorporating more details on sampling and sampling designs. a section on simulation has been introduced with emphasis on Monte-Carlo simulation with worked out examples. In Chapter 5, a procedure to compute variogram in the case of irregular grid has been outlined. Minor modifications have been made in all other chapters. A new chapter on Introduction to Advanced Geostatistics has been introduced with discussions on universal kriging, disjunctive kriging, conditional simulation and median polish kriging. Review Questions are given at the end of each chapter to facilitate a better understanding of the subject by the student/practitioner. The software codes are put in a CD for convenience of the students/practitoner of geostatistics. A few additions have been made in the bibliography making it more exhaustive. This contains references to the concepts and methods presented, in-depth treatment of related topics and possible extensions. My grateful thanks are due to Dr. B.S. Saini, Principal, Guru Nanak Engg. College, Hyderabad for very helpful support. I hope that this edition will be a welcome one.

Inverse Theory for Petroleum Reservoir Characterization and History Matching

Author: Dean S. Oliver,Albert C. Reynolds,Ning Liu

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1139472615

Category: Science

Page: N.A

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This book is a guide to the use of inverse theory for estimation and conditional simulation of flow and transport parameters in porous media. It describes the theory and practice of estimating properties of underground petroleum reservoirs from measurements of flow in wells, and it explains how to characterize the uncertainty in such estimates. Early chapters present the reader with the necessary background in inverse theory, probability and spatial statistics. The book demonstrates how to calculate sensitivity coefficients and the linearized relationship between models and production data. It also shows how to develop iterative methods for generating estimates and conditional realizations. The text is written for researchers and graduates in petroleum engineering and groundwater hydrology and can be used as a textbook for advanced courses on inverse theory in petroleum engineering. It includes many worked examples to demonstrate the methodologies and a selection of exercises.

Soil-Water-Solute Process Characterization

An Integrated Approach

Author: Javier Alvarez-Benedi,Rafael Munoz-Carpena

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 1420032089

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 816

View: 1956

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The practitioner or researcher often faces complex alternatives when selecting a method to characterize properties governing a soil process. After years of research and development, environmental and agricultural professionals now have an array of methods for characterizing soil processes. Well-established methods, however, may not be suitable for the specific conditions of a study since many soil characteristics are intrinsically variable. An objective, integrated approach for soil characterization is needed to more effectively quantify parameters. Soil-Water-Solute Process Characterization goes beyond technical guidance and addresses the complicating factors such as spatial and temporal variability of soil processes, scale issues, soil structure, and the trade-offs between methods. It focuses on advanced methods for the monitoring and modeling of mass transfer processes in soil. Expert contributors present limitations to well-known methods and alternatives, discussing their practical applications for characterization efforts, evaluating strengths and weaknesses, and focusing on a reduced set of selected techniques. Three in-depth sections cover everything from multidisciplinary approaches for assessing subsurface non-point source pollution to techniques for characterizing water and energy balances at the soil-plant-atmosphere interface, field methods for monitoring soil water status, and computer models for characterizing the effect of chemicals in soil. This single-source reference is transforming method selection and our understanding of the principles, advantages, and limitations of the available monitoring techniques. Written in a simple and straightforward manner, Soil-Water-Solute Process Characterization is a detailed cookbook and a useful, practical reference for students, practitioners, and researchers.