Introduction to Hydrology

Author: Warren Viessman,Gary L. Lewis

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9780132763608

Category: Hydrology

Page: 612

View: 9437

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This work focuses on presenting the principles of hydrology in the context of their application to real-world problems. It will be useful to students involved in programs that are concerned with the development, management and protection of water resources.

Hydrology

An Introduction to Hydrologic Science

Author: Rafael L. Bras

Publisher: Addison Wesley Publishing Company

ISBN: N.A

Category: Science

Page: 643

View: 7320

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Introduction to Physical Hydrology

Author: Martin Hendriks

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0199296847

Category: Science

Page: 331

View: 3592

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Introduction to Physical Hydrology provides a solid grounding in the principles of the subject. Exploring the principal rules that govern the flow of water on the land, it considers the three major types of water: atmospheric, ground, and soil. It gives insights into the major hydrologicalprocesses, and shows how the principles of physical hydrology inform our understanding of climate and global hydrology - the large-scale study of hydrology with which we need to grapple to fully understand the impact of the climate on water supply.The study of physical properties is done most effectively through mathematical representations of concepts and processes. Introduction to Physical Hydrology includes a carefully-developed and class-tested learning framework: an extensive range of examples and exercises, and further maths support inthe form of a series of Maths Toolboxes help the reader engage with and understand the maths required to master the subject.With hydrology now being approached from environmental and social perspectives, in addition to the more traditional physical geography and civil engineering perspectives, there has never been a more important time to develop a sound understanding of the subject. Introduction to Physical Hydrology isthe perfect course companion while you develop this understanding.

Hydrology

An Advanced Introduction to Hydrological Processes and Modelling

Author: Arved J. Raudkivi

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 1483135977

Category: Science

Page: 492

View: 4452

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Hydrology: An Advanced Introduction to Hydrological Processes and Modelling introduces the reader to hydrological processes and methods of estimation of the various quantities involved. Topics covered range from elements of meteorology to precipitation, evaporation and transpiration, interception, and flood routing. Extreme events, design flood, and small catchment runoff are also discussed. This book is comprised of 12 chapters and begins with an overview of hydrology and the hydrologic cycle, along with the world's water resources and their utilization and management. Subsequent chapters deal with atmospheric thermodynamics and atmospheric circulation; analysis and measurement of precipitation, evaporation, transpiration, and interception; infiltration of groundwater; and reservoir and stream routing. Storage for flood control and regulation for abatement of water shortage are also considered, along with stratification and siltation of reservoirs, catchment yield, and sediment yield and transport. The final chapter highlights the importance of information analysis and decision making in hydrological work. This monograph is written for senior and postgraduate students and should also be of value to practitioners of physics, mathematics, and civil engineering.

Introduction to Flood Hydrology

Author: Johannes Haarhoff,Amanda M. Cassa

Publisher: Juta and Company Ltd

ISBN: 9780702177606

Category: Flood forecasting

Page: 144

View: 2224

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Why should engineering lecturers use this textbook to teach flood hydrology to undergraduate engineers, technologists and technicians? This book brings together in a single volume all the formulae, maps and graphs necessary for a comprehensive understanding of flood hydrology, amply illustrated by worked examples. The flood estimation methods it contains were developed specifically for South African conditions. While the book retains its focus on fundamental principles, it introduces readers to a rich matrix of data and methods available to the South African hydrologist, thereby serving as a valuable reference tool for practising engineers, technologists and technicians.

Introduction to Isotope Hydrology

Stable and Radioactive Isotopes of Hydrogen, Oxygen and Carbon

Author: Willem Gerrit Mook

Publisher: CRC PressI Llc

ISBN: N.A

Category: Science

Page: 226

View: 576

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This publication presents, in a simple, but scientifically rigorous manner, the consequences of natural processes to stable isotope concentrations and radioactivities, and discusses the implications of these processes.

Introduction to Hydraulics & Hydrology: With Applications for Stormwater Management

Author: John E. Gribbin

Publisher: Cengage Learning

ISBN: 1133691838

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 560

View: 1512

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With its comprehensive coverage of hydraulics and hydrology in a non-calculus format, the Fourth Edition of INTRODUCTION TO HYDRAULICS & HYDROLOGY continues the same straightforward, practical approach that has made previous editions so popular. Designed to provide readers with an understanding of the concepts of hydraulics and surface water hydrology as they are used in everyday practice, this edition contains multiple opportunities for practice and real-world applications that are relevant to civil engineering, land developing, public works, and land surveying. Coverage includes topics such as the history of water engineering, basic concepts of computation and design, principles of hydrostatics and hydrodynamics, open channel flow, unit hydrographs, and rainfall, runoff, and routing. Up-to-date, clearly solved examples are included throughout the book to help readers understand how concepts apply in the real-world. Important Notice: Media content referenced within the product description or the product text may not be available in the ebook version.

Forest Hydrology

An Introduction to Water and Forests, Third Edition

Author: Mingteh Chang

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 1466586672

Category: Science

Page: 595

View: 4027

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Due to its height, density, and thickness of crown canopy; fluffy forest floor; large root system; and horizontal distribution; forest is the most distinguished type of vegetation on the earth. In the U.S., forests occupy about 30 percent of the total territory. Yet this 30 percent of land area produces about 60 percent of total surface runoff, the major water resource area of the country. Any human activity in forested areas will inevitably disturb forest floors and destroy forest canopies, consequently affecting the quantity, quality, and timing of water resources. Thoroughly updated and expanded, Forest Hydrology: An Introduction to Water and Forests, Third Edition discusses the concepts, principles, and processes of forest and forest activity impacts on the occurrence, distribution, and circulation of water and the aquatic environment. Brings water resources and forest-water relations into a single, comprehensive textbook Focuses on the concepts, processes, and general principles in forest hydrology Covers functions, properties, and science of water; water distribution; forests and precipitation, vaporization, stream flow, and stream sediment Discusses watershed management planning and practical applications of forest hydrology in resource management In a single textbook, Forest Hydrology: An Introduction to Water and Forests, Third Edition comprehensively covers water and water resources issues, forest characteristics relevant to the environment, forest impacts in the hydrological cycle, watershed research, watershed management planning, and hydrologic measurements. With the addition of new chapters, new issues, and appendices, this new edition is a valuable resource for upper-level undergraduates in forest hydrology courses as well as professionals involved in water resources management and decision-making in forested watersheds.

Hydrology

An Introduction

Author: Wilfried Brutsaert

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1107268796

Category: Science

Page: N.A

View: 6113

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Water in its different forms has always been a source of wonder, curiosity and practical concern for humans everywhere. Hydrology: An Introduction presents a coherent introduction to the fundamental principles of hydrology, based on the course that Wilfried Brutsaert has taught at Cornell University for the last thirty years. Hydrologic phenomena are dealt with at spatial and temporal scales at which they occur in nature. The physics and mathematics necessary to describe these phenomena are introduced and developed, and readers will require a working knowledge of calculus and basic fluid mechanics. The book will be invaluable as a textbook for entry-level courses in hydrology directed at advanced seniors and graduate students in physical science and engineering. In addition, the book will be more broadly of interest to professional scientists and engineers in hydrology, environmental science, meteorology, agronomy, geology, climatology, oceanology, glaciology and other earth sciences.

Fundamentals of Hydrology

Author: Tim Davie

Publisher: Taylor & Francis

ISBN: 0415399866

Category: Science

Page: 200

View: 6617

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In order to manage the world's increasingly scarce water resources we must have a sound understanding of how water moves around the planet and what influences water quality. Fundamentals of Hydrology provides an engaging and comprehensive introduction to this subject and provides real-life examples of water resource management in a changing world. The second edition of this popular book brings the text up-to-date with additional case studies and diagrams and a greater synthesis of water quality with physical hydrology. The chapters on runoff and evaporation have been updated and the final chapter on hydrology in a changing world has more material on water resource management strategies. Additionally the chapter on streamflow analysis now includes a more in-depth section on modelling runoff. The book begins with a comprehensive coverage of precipitation, evaporation, water stored in the ground and as snow and ice, and runoff. These physical hydrological processes show with respect to the fundamental knowledge about the process, its measurement and estimation and how it ties in with water quality. Following this is a section on analyzing streamflow data, including using computer models and combining hydrology and ecology for in-stream flow assessment. A chapter on water quality shows how to measure and estimate it in a variable environment and finishes with a section on pollution treatment. The final chapter brings the text together to discuss water resource management andreal-life issues that are faced by hydrologists in a constantly changing world. Fundamentals of Hydrology is a lively and accessible introduction to the study of hydrology at university level. This new edition continues to provide an understanding of hydrological processes, knowledge of the techniques used to assess water resources and an up-to-date overview of water resource management in a changing world. Throughout the text, wide-ranging examples and case studies are used to clearly explain ideas and methods. Short chapter summaries, essay questions, guides to further reading and a glossary are also included.

Introduction to Hydrogeology

Author: David Deming

Publisher: McGraw-Hill College

ISBN: N.A

Category: Science

Page: 468

View: 2575

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Provides an introduction to hydrogeology. This work is applicable for hydrogeololgy, geohydrology, groundwater and geologic fluids courses taken by juniors and seniors. Its primary goal is to emphasize the geologic aspects of hydrogeology.

Hydrology

An Environmental Approach

Author: Ian Watson

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1351439693

Category: Science

Page: 722

View: 9662

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Hydrology covers the fundamentals of hydrology and hydrogeology, taking an environmental slant dictated by the emphasis in recent times for the remediation of contaminated aquifers and surface-water bodies as well as a demand for new designs that impose the least negative impact on the natural environment. Major topics covered include hydrological principles, groundwater flow, groundwater contamination and clean-up, groundwater applications to civil engineering, well hydraulics, and surface water. Additional topics addressed include flood analysis, flood control, and both ground-water and surface-water applications to civil engineering design.

Elements of Physical Hydrology

Author: George M. Hornberger,Patricia L. Wiberg,Jeffrey P. Raffensperger,Paolo D'Odorico

Publisher: JHU Press

ISBN: 1421413965

Category: Science

Page: 392

View: 5248

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Among the many diverse aspects of environmental science, none is more critical to the future of society and nature than water. Understanding the role of water on Earth and making good decisions regarding water conservation and hydrological hazards depends on learning the fundamentals of physical hydrology. This textbook, now in an expanded second edition, provides the clearest opportunity for students to absorb those fundamentals. Written at an introductory level, Elements of Physical Hydrology covers virtually every aspect of this subject, including: • The hydrological cycle• Water budgets at catchment to global scales • Spatial and temporal aspects of precipitation• Evapotranspiration• Fluid dynamics and the Bernoulli equation• Laminar and turbulent flows• Open channel flow • Flood movement through reservoirs and channels • Flood frequency analysis• Groundwater flow• Aquifer characterization• Land subsidence• Soil moisture dynamics• Flow in the unsaturated zone• Hydrologic controls on vegetation • Biotic controls on hydrological processes• Runoff generation from surface and subsurface sources• Catchment models• The water-food-energy nexus• The globalization of water• Impacts of changing climate Layering one topic upon the next, Elements of Physical Hydrology succeeds in moving from simple, easy-to-grasp explanations though equations and models in a manner that will leave students new to the topic eager to apply their knowledge. Professionals in related disciplines will also find this book ideal for self-study. Thoughtfully illustrated, carefully written, and covering a broad spectrum of topics, this classic text clarifies a subject that is often misunderstood and oversimplified. -- Keith Loague

Introduction to Phytoremediation of Contaminated Groundwater

Historical Foundation, Hydrologic Control, and Contaminant Remediation

Author: James E. Landmeyer

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9789400719576

Category: Science

Page: 415

View: 8290

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This book provides the reader with the comprehensive view necessary to understand and critically evaluate the design, implementation, and monitoring of phytoremediation at sites characterized by contaminated groundwater. Part I presents the historical foundation of the interaction between plants and groundwater, introduces fundamental groundwater concepts for plant physiologists, and introduces basic plant physiology for hydrogeologists. Part II presents information on how to assess, design, implement, and monitor phytoremediation projects for hydrologic control. Part III presents how plants take up and detoxify a wide range of organic xenobiotics in contaminated groundwater systems, and provides various approaches on how this can be assessed and monitored. Throughout, concepts are emphasized with numerous case studies, illustrations and pertinent literature citations.

Introduction to Hydrometeorology

Pergamon International Library of Science, Technology, Engineering and Social Studies

Author: J. P. Bruce,R. H. Clark

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 1483135829

Category: Science

Page: 334

View: 7511

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Introduction to Hydrometeorology is the study of the hydrolic cycle, which is the circulation of water from the seas, into the atmosphere, and back to either land or sea. This book describes hydrometeorology or the application of meteorology to problems that pertain to hydrology, and then discusses the approach, through meteorology, to the solution of hydrologic problems. This text outlines observation methods on the subject and discusses the applications of hydrometeorology to problems encountered in the study of river and lake behaviors. Topics include precipitation, melting of ice, streamflows, lakes, evaporation, and evapotranspiration. The frequently used methods in analysis, such as employing statistics to hydrometereological problems, precipitation analysis, and streamflow routing are explained. This text also shows how extending streamflow records can be helpful in predicting the regime or course of a stream in the future. Records of seasonal and annual flow, flood runoff, peak discharge, as well as seasons of low flow and drought become useful tools in estimating the frequency and magnitude of streamflows. After which, the book discusses possible engineering designs in irrigation, storm sewers, and reservoirs. The text looks into the ways how human has influenced the hydrologic cycle through induced precipitation, melting of ice covers, and urbanization. Lastly, some climactic trends and cycles that bring about climate change and water resource development are discussed. This text can be used by students studying hydrology and those with meteorology majors. This book can also be read by meteorologists, environmentalists, and people working in general earth sciences.

Basic Hydrology

Author: James J Sharp,Peter G Sawden

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 1483141357

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 160

View: 9513

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BASIC Hydrology offers a wide discussion on hydrology. The text contains the combined application of BASIC programming and engineering discipline along with various related studies, facts, and guidelines. In Chapter 1, the book focuses on defining BASIC hydrology and discussing what kind of a programming language BASIC is. The chapter’s introduction notes that BASIC stands for Beginners All-purpose Symbolic Instruction Code. In Chapter 2, the book highlights the elements of hydrology and presents a table containing information on the world distribution of water. The next couple of chapters discuss precipitation, evaporation, and its relevant subtopics; these chapters also include tables, figures, and math formulas. Chapter 5 widely talks about frequency and provides the topic’s definition, related math formulas, and illustrations. In the three remaining chapters, the book discusses the stream flow, the unit of hydrology, and the supply and demand of water. These topics also include explanations, math formulas, and illustrations. The book serves as a valuable reference for undergraduates or postgraduates of engineering, chemistry, physics, and other relevant courses.

Introduction To Hydraulics & Hydrology

Author: John E. Gribbin

Publisher: Cengage Learning

ISBN: 9781418032951

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 528

View: 4563

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Expanded from 12 to 15 chapters, this edition of Introduction to Hydraulics & Hydrology continues to guide readers to an understanding of the concepts of hydraulics and surface water hydrology as they are used in everyday civil engineering practice. Valued as a reference by professional civil engineers, land developers, public works officials, and land surveyors throughout the U.S., this book is also an important tool for students in these disciplines. The book begins by acquainting readers with the principles of hydrostatics and hydrodynamics, starting with fluid mechanics and progressing through pressure, flow, and energy considerations. In the expanded treatment of open channel flow, varied flow is presented, including backwater profiles and hydraulic jumps. Next, concepts of rainfall, runoff, and routing are fully explored and investigated. Finally, these concepts are applied to the solution of practical engineering problems, including: open-channel flow, orifice and weir flow, culvert flow and storm sewer design, culvert design, and detention basin design. A history of water engineering and discussion of the basic concepts of computation and design are included at the beginning of the book for the benefit of readers who may be new to this field. Clearly solved examples are also included throughout the book to assist readers in their efforts to apply theory to practice. Important Notice: Media content referenced within the product description or the product text may not be available in the ebook version.

Introduction to Water in California

Author: David Carle

Publisher: Univ of California Press

ISBN: 0520962893

Category: Science

Page: 348

View: 6571

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This thoroughly engaging, concise book tells the story of California's most precious resource, tracing the journey of water in the state from the atmosphere to the snowpack to our faucets and foods. Along the way, we learn much about California itself as the book describes its rivers, lakes, wetlands, dams, and aqueducts and discusses the role of water in agriculture, the environment, and politics. Essential reading in a state facing the future with an overextended water supply, this fascinating book shows that, for all Californians, every drop counts. New to this updated edition: * Additional maps, figures, and photos * Expanded coverage of potential impacts to precipitation, snowpack, and water supply from climate change * Updated information about the struggle for water management and potential solutions * New content about sustainable groundwater use and regulation, desalination, water recycling, stormwater capture, and current proposals for water storage and diversion *Additional table summarizing water sources for 360 California cities and towns